Veterinary Microbiology

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Sat, 02/15/2020 - 03:22
Author(s): Sankar Renu, Ninoshkaly Feliciano-Ruiz, Shristi Ghimire, Yi Han, Jennifer Schrock, Santosh Dhakal, Veerupaxagouda Patil, Steven Krakowka, Gourapura J. RenukaradhyaAbstractTo improve the innate and adaptive immune responses elicited by an inactivated swine influenza virus antigen (KAg)-loaded chitosan nanoparticles (CS NPs-KAg), we used the adjuvant, poly(I:C). The formulated CS NPs-KAg...
Wed, 02/12/2020 - 10:46
Author(s): Natalia Mazur-Panasiuk, Grzegorz WoźniakowskiAbstractAfrican swine fever virus can be transmitted through direct contact with infected animals and their excretions, or indirect contact with contaminated fomites. Risk assessment of the disease spreading requires quantitative knowledge about time and conditions needed for its inactivation in various material of pig origin. In this study...
Mon, 02/10/2020 - 03:38
Author(s): Priyangi A Alwis, Puthayalai Treerat, Lan Gong, Deanna Deveson Lucas, Elizabeth M Allwood, Mark Prescott, Rodney J Devenish, Ben Adler, John D BoyceAbstractTwo-component signal transduction systems (TCSTS) are abundant among prokaryotes and regulate important functions, including drug resistance and virulence. The Gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei, which causes the...
Mon, 01/27/2020 - 03:22
Author(s): Mar Costa-Hurtado, Emili Barba-Vidal, Jaime Maldonado, Virginia AragonAbstractAntimicrobials have been commonly used to control bacterial diseases in farm animals. The efficacy of these drugs deterred the development of other control measures, such as vaccines, which are currently getting more attention due to the increased concern about antimicrobial resistance. Glässer’s disease is...
Sun, 01/26/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Johannes Hamel, Yanchao Zhang, Nicole Wente, Volker KrömkerAbstractNon-S. aureus staphylococci (NAS) are the most frequently isolated pathogens from bovine milk and can cause intramammary infections (IMI). They can also be found in teat canals, on bovine skin and in cows’ environment, which may lead to unnoticed contamination of milk samples. The aim of this study was to investigate...
Sun, 01/26/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Elisabetta Razzuoli, Walter Vencia, Paola Modesto, Giulia Franzoni, Silvia Dei Giudici, Erica Parisi, Angelo Ferrari, Massimo AmadoriAbstractGut is often subject to infection by different pathogens like Y. enterocolitica. To date, biotypes (BTs) 1A have been considered as non-pathogenic, because they do not express plasmid of virulence pYV; however, BTs 1A strains present other...
Tue, 01/14/2020 - 03:20
Author(s): Alisha Wehdnesday Bernardo Reyes, Son Hai Vu, Tran Xuan Ngoc Huy, WonGi Min, Hu Jang Lee, Hong Hee Chang, John Hwa Lee, Suk KimAbstractBrucella as a stealthy intracellular pathogen avoids activation of innate immune response. Here we investigated the contribution of an adenosine receptor, Adora2b, during Brucella infection in professional phagocyte RAW 264.7 cells and in a murine model...
Wed, 01/08/2020 - 03:23
Author(s): João Anes, Scott V. Nguyen, Athmanya K. Eshwar, Evonne McCabe, Guerrino Macori, Daniel Hurley, Angelika Lehner, Séamus FanningAbstractAntimicrobial resistance reported in bacteria of animal origin is considered a major challenge to veterinary public health. In this study, the genotypic and phenotypic characterisation of twelve Escherichia coli isolates of bovine origin is reported....
Sat, 01/04/2020 - 03:22
Author(s): Qi Su, Zhihui Zhang, Yawen Zhang, Zhizhong Cui, Shuang Chang, Peng ZhaoAbstractSince 2016, severe outbreaks of hepatic rupture hemorrhage syndrome (HRHS) associated with infections of tentative novel avian hepatitis E virus (HEV) have emerged in chickens in China, causing increased mortality and decreased laying rate in adult hens and disturbing the hatching and breeding of chicks. To...
Thu, 01/02/2020 - 03:22
Author(s): Dieudonné Tialla, Aurélie Sausy, Assana Cissé, Tani Sagna, Abdoul Kader Ilboudo, Georges Anicet Ouédraogo, Judith M. Hübschen, Zékiba Tarnagda, Chantal J. SnoeckAbstractDespite improvement of human and avian influenza surveillance, swine influenza surveillance in sub-Saharan Africa is scarce and pandemic preparedness is still deemed inadequate, including in Burkina Faso. This cross-...
Mon, 12/30/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Sonsiray Álvarez-Narváez, Catherine M. Logue, Nicolle Lima Barbieri, Londa J. Berghaus, Steeve GiguèreAbstractBackgroundRhodococcus equi (R. equi) infections are endemic in many horse facilities in the United States resulting significant economic loses annually. Currently, there is no commercial vaccine available and the emergence of isolates that are resistant to the current treatment...
Sun, 12/29/2019 - 03:23
Author(s): Wenjuan He, Shizhen Ma, Lei Lei, Junjia He, Xing Li, Jin Tao, Xueyang Wang, Shikai Song, Yongqiang Wang, Yang Wang, Jianzhong Shen, Chang Cai, Congming WuAbstractThis study investigated the continuous monthly prevalence of bovine clinical mastitis (CM) and the distribution of causative pathogens among 36,619 CM milk samples from large dairy farms across seven Chinese provinces from...
Sat, 12/28/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Bisvanath Patra, Manjit Panigrahi, Sheikh Firdous Ahmad, Satyabrata Dandapat, Pushpendra Kumar, Bharat BhushanAbstractIn the present study, we analyzed the immune response of calves to Brucella abortus strain 19 vaccine (S19) and its association with MHC class I (BoLA-A) alleles (exons 2-3 and 4-5). Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was used...
Tue, 12/17/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Patrizia Casagrande Proietti, Gabriella Guelfi, Sara Bellucci, Silvio De Luca, Settimio Di Gregorio, Camillo Pieramati, Maria Pia FranciosiniAbstractThe objectives of this work were to evaluate β-lactamase-mediated β-lactam resistance in Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter jejuni isolates obtained from broiler chickens, expression of the blaOXA-61 gene in relation to β-lactamase...
Thu, 12/05/2019 - 03:40
Author(s): Hang Yin, Zhijie Li, Jikai Zhang, Jiapei Huang, Hongtao Kang, Jin Tian, Liandong QuAbstractSince 2011, to control the spread of pseudorabies (PR), US7/US8/UL23-deleted recombinant PRV (rPRV) vaccines based on current variants have been developed. The vaccines can provide effective immune protection to pigs, but fur-bearing animals, such as dogs, foxes, and minks, are increasingly...
Mon, 12/02/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Chang-Wei Lei, Yu Zhang, Zhuang-Zhuang Kang, Ling-Han Kong, Yi-Zhi Tang, An-Yun Zhang, Xin Yang, Hong-Ning WangAbstractHuman salmonellosis caused by the consumption of eggs and chicken meat contaminated with Salmonella Enteritidis has become a continuing public health concern worldwide. In this study we adopted whole genome sequencing (WGS) to determine the genetic relationship and...
Mon, 12/02/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Mayada Gwida, Amal Awad, Maged El-Ashker, Helmut Hotzel, Stefan Monecke, Ralf Ehricht, Elke Müller, Annett Reißig, Stefanie A. Barth, Christian Berens, Sascha D. BraunAbstractThe objective of our study was to provide a molecular analysis using DNA-microarray based assays of commensal E. coli populations from apparently healthy livestock and their attendants to assess the virulence...
Mon, 12/02/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Maged El-Ashker, Mayada Gwida, Stefan Monecke, Fatma El-Gohary, Ralf Ehricht, Mona Elsayed, Akinduti Paul, Mohamed El-Fateh, Sven MaurischatAbstractMethicillin-resistant S. aureus from cows with mastitis has received a growing interest worldwide. The present study aimed to provide a detailed description of the resistance and virulence traits of isolates from bovine mastitis samples.A...
Mon, 12/02/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Doris Aper, Janna Frömbling, Murat Bağcıoğlu, Monika Ehling-Schulz, Isabel Hennig-PaukaAbstractMost outbreaks of disease due to infection with Actinobacillus (A.) pleuropneumoniae are caused by pigs already pre-colonised in tonsillar tissue, where the pathogen is protected from exposure to antibiotic substances administered for treatment. As it has been shown recently under...
Fri, 11/29/2019 - 03:17
Author(s): SeEun Choe, Sok Song, Gyu-Nam Park, Jihye Shin, Ki-Sun Kim, Ra MiCha, Bang-Hun Hyun, Bong-Kyun Park, Dong-Jun AnABSTRACTThe hepatitis E virus (HEV) is known to have 4 genotypes but only one serotype. Genotype 1 and 2 infect humans only and genotype 3 and 4 infect humans, pigs and other animal species. Pig and wild boar are also known as reservoirs of HEV infection. Of the 2,736 wild...
Thu, 11/28/2019 - 03:37
Author(s): Clarissa Silveira Luiz Vaz, Daiane Voss-Rech, Luana Alves, Arlei Coldebella, Liana Brentano, Iara Maria TrevisolAbstractSalmonella Enteritidis remains a leading cause of human foodborne disease, mostly associated with the consumption of contaminated poultry products. To more strategically implement a phage therapy scheme for S. Enteritidis control in broilers, a cocktail containing...
Thu, 11/28/2019 - 03:37
Author(s): Antonise M. Jaguezeski, Aleksandro S. da Silva, Teane M.A. Gomes, Nathieli B. Bottari, Thalisson F. Lopes, Renan A. Cechin, Vera M. Morsch, Maria R.C. Schetinger, Janice L. Giongo, Rodrigo de A. VaucherAbstractThe cholinergic, purinergic and oxidative stress systems were related to nervous system damage in some pathologies, as well as being involved in pro-inflammatory and anti-...
Sun, 11/24/2019 - 03:37
Author(s): Jiahui Liu, Zihe Li, Yanlei Cui, Haiyan Yang, Hu Shan, Chuanmei ZhangAbstractWe evaluated the phenotype and genotype of a fatal influenza/canine distemper virus coinfection found in farmed mink in China. We identified a novel subtype H1N1 influenza virus strain from the lungs of infected mink designated A/Mink/Shandong/1121/2017 (H1N1). The results of phylogenetic analysis of 8 gene...
Fri, 11/15/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Zifeng Han, Li Li, Thomas Willer, Wolfgang Baumgärtner, Silke RautenschleinAbstractCampylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) is a predominant cause of foodborne illness in humans, while its colonization in chickens is usually asymptomatic. Antibiotics are not routinely used to treat chickens against C. jejuni, but in the face of other bacterial diseases, C. jejuni may be exposed to antibiotics...
Thu, 11/14/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Sahar Rostami, Jalil Mehrzad, Ramak Yahyaraeyat, Taghi Zahraei SalehiAbstractSalmonella enterica Subsp enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium, ST) is one of the most important serovars of the genus Salmonella in human and animals. Because of its intracellular tropism, monocytes/macrophages are pivotal in killing of Salmonella serovars; they are also responsible for transporting...
Wed, 11/13/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): N.G.C. Vasileiou, P.J. Cripps, K.S. Ioannidi, A.I. Katsafadou, D.C. Chatzopoulos, M.S. Barbagianni, V. Tsioli, E. Dermisiadou, E. Karavanis, N. Papadopoulos, D. Lianou, V.S. Mavrogianni, E. Petinaki, G.C. FthenakisAbstractAlthough coagulase-negative staphylococci are the primary aetiological agents of subclinical mastitis in ewes, there is little information regarding vaccination...
Tue, 11/05/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Séverine Hervé, Emmanuel Garin, Didier Calavas, Ludovic Lecarpentier, David Ngwa-Mbot, Sylvie Poliak, Sébastien Wendling, Nicolas Rose, Gaëlle SimonAbstractSwine influenza A viruses (swIAVs) cause acute respiratory syndromes in pigs and may also infect humans. Following the 2009 pandemic, a network was established in France to reinforce swIAV monitoring. This study reports virological...
Tue, 11/05/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): José Manuel Díaz, Alberto Prieto, Gonzalo López-Lorenzo, Cynthia López-Novo, Antonio Iglesias, Pablo Díaz, Rosario Panadero, Javier Moral, Ceferino López, Pablo Díez-Baños, Patrocinio Morrondo, Gonzalo FernándezAbstractBovine gammaherpesvirus type 4 (BoHV-4) is increasingly related with reproductive disease in cattle, but its epidemiology is not fully understood. We monitored the...
Tue, 11/05/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): H. Berlamont, A. Smet, S. De Bruykere, F. Boyen, R. Ducatelle, F. Haesebrouck, C. De WitteABSTRACTHelicobacter suis is a fastidious, Gram negative bacterium that colonizes the stomach of pigs and non-human primates. It has also been associated with gastric disease in humans.A combined agar and broth dilution method was used to analyze the activity of 15 antimicrobial agents against 20...
Sun, 11/03/2019 - 02:22
Author(s): Heather Vinson, Gagandeep Singh, Angela Pillatzki, Brett Webb, Eric Nelson, Sheela RamamoorthyAbstractSwine influenza A virus (IAV-S) infections are a major cause of economic losses for the swine industry. The vast genetic and antigenic diversity often results in mismatch between the vaccine and field strains, necessitating frequent updates of vaccines. Inactivated IAV-S vaccines are...
Sun, 11/03/2019 - 02:22
Author(s): Xiangkai Zhuge, Min Jiang, Fang Tang, Yu Sun, Yiming Ji, Feng Xue, Jianluan Ren, Weiyun Zhu, Jianjun DaiAbstractColisepticemia caused by bloodstream infection of the extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) has become a serious public health problem. The recent emergence of the colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, especially mcr-1-positive E. coli (MCRPEC) exerts great...
Fri, 11/01/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Dan Liu, Yongqiang Yang, Ju Gu, Hongmei Tuo, Ping Li, Xianjun Xie, Guang-xu Ma, Jinxin Liu, Anyun ZhangAbstractMultidrug-resistant and hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKP) poses a significant risk to public health. To better understand the molecular characteristics of multidrug-resistant and hypervirulent K. pneumoniae of animal origin, fifteen K. pneumoniae strains from the...
Wed, 10/30/2019 - 03:23
Author(s): E. Frank, R. Bonke, N. Drees, M. Heurich, E. Märtlbauer, M. GareisAbstractWorldwide infections by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) in humans have been reported after consumption of mainly beef, but also deer meat. Not only the consumption of contaminated deer meat represents a risk, but also the transmission of STEC between deer and domestic animals should be considered....
Tue, 10/29/2019 - 03:23
Author(s): Yongmei Guo, Christopher McMullen, Edouard Timsit, Jennyka Hallewell, Karin Orsel, Frank van der Meer, Sumei Yan, Trevor W. AlexanderAbstractRecent studies have shown an increase in antimicrobial-resistant bovine respiratory disease (BRD) pathogens. To investigate the origin of antimicrobial resistance in the respiratory microbiota of beef cattle, three groups (A, B, or C) of 40 calves...
Wed, 10/23/2019 - 03:30
Author(s): Yan Liu, Yong Zhang, Yonglin Zhou, Tingting Wang, Xuming Deng, Xiao Chu, Tiezhong ZhouAbstractThe increasing understanding of bacterial pathogenesis has revealed many new targets for the development of non-traditional antibacterial drugs. Interference with bacterial virulence has become a new strategy to treat bacteria-mediated diseases. As an important food-borne pathogen, Salmonella...
Sun, 10/20/2019 - 03:27
Author(s): Xuejiao Han, Luca D. Bertzbach, Michael VeitAbstractIn contrast to human influenza viruses that replicate in the respiratory tract and are airborne transmitted, avian viruses also replicate in gut epithelial cells and are transmitted via the fecal-oral route. On this route, the virus is exposed to destructive fluids of the digestive tract, which are acidic and contain the proteases...
Thu, 10/17/2019 - 03:26
Author(s): João Bettencourt Cota, Vanessa Ferreira da Silva, Lélia Chambel, Maria Gabriela Veloso, Madalena Vieira-Pinto, Manuela OliveiraAbstractPork is one of the most common vehicles of non-typhoid foodborne Salmonella, with the slaughterhouse representing a key point for the infection of pigs and carcass contamination. By comparing matching samples taken from animals at the dirty (skin) and...
Tue, 10/15/2019 - 03:29
Author(s): E. Blázquez, C. Rodríguez, J. Ródenas, N. Navarro, R. Rosell, S. Pina-Pedrero, J.M. Campbell, M. Sibila, J. Segalés, J. Pujols, J. PoloAbstractLiquid porcine plasma is an animal origin raw material for the manufacturing process of spray-dried porcine plasma that is used in pig nutrition worldwide. In previous studies we found that the application of ultraviolet light C (UV-C) in liquid...
Sat, 10/05/2019 - 03:25
Author(s): Neeta Jain-Gupta, Steven G. Waldrop, Nancy M. Tenpenny, Sharon G. Witonsky, Stephen M. Boyle, Nammalwar SriranganathanAbstractBrucellosis is one of the most common zoonotic diseases worldwide. Almost 500,000 new human cases occur each year; yet there is no vaccine for human use. Moreover, there is no universal Brucella vaccine that would provide protection against all pathogenic...
Tue, 10/01/2019 - 03:26
Author(s): A. Schoster, T. Kunz, M. Lauper, C. Graubner, S. Schmitt, J.S. WeeseAbstractOvergrowth of enteric clostridia in dysbiosis in horses with colic is presumed but scarcely investigated. The objective was to provide prevalence data of Clostridium difficile and Clostridium perfringens in horses with and without gastrointestinal disease in Switzerland, and investigate microbiota differences...
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 03:25
Author(s): P.L. Eblé, T.J. Hagenaars, E. Weesendorp, S. Quak, H.W. Moonen-Leusen, W.L.A. LoeffenAbstractWe investigated whether ASF carrier pigs that had completely recovered from an acute infection with ASFV Netherlands ‘86, could transmit the disease to naive pigs by direct contact transmission. For this, we used pigs that had survived an ASFV infection, had recovered from disease, and had...
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 03:25
Author(s): Alessandra Longo, Carmen Losasso, Federica Vitulano, Eleonora Mastrorilli, Sara Turchetto, Sara Petrin, Claudio Mantovani, Maria Cristina Dalla Pozza, Elena Ramon, Gabriella Conedera, Carlo V. Citterio, Antonia Ricci, Lisa Barco, Antonia Anna LettiniAbstractAn unusual mortality of wild boars occurred in Italy from 2012 to 2015 due to Salmonella Choleraesuis infection.In order to...
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 03:25
Author(s): Tinka Jelsma, Joris J. Wijnker, Bregtje Smid, Eline Verheij, Wim H.M. van der Poel, Henk J. WisselinkAbstractNatural casings, to be used as sausage containers, are being traded worldwide and may be contaminated with contagious viruses. Standard processing of such natural casings is by salt treatment with a duration of 30 days before shipment. Since information is lacking about the...
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 03:25
Author(s): Linlin Li, Yun Zhang, Jiawen Dong, Junqing Zhang, Chunhong Zhang, Jianru Qin, Minhua Sun, Zhihong XuAbstractDuck Tembusu virus (DTMUV) has caused enormous economic losses to the poultry industry in China. In the current study, we generated chimeric virus-like particles (VLPs) containing E protein of the DTMUV and HA2 protein of the H3N2 avian influenza virus (AIV). The chimeric VLPs...
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 03:25
Author(s): Alisha Wehdnesday Bernardo Reyes, Lauren Togonon Arayan, Tran Xuan Ngoc Huy, Son Hai Vu, Chang Keun Kang, Wongi Min, Hu Jang Lee, John Hwa Lee, Suk KimAbstractWe investigated the involvement of chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) signaling on the outcome of Brucella (B.) abortus 544 infection in murine macrophages and in a mouse model. CXCR4 manipulation were first evaluated for Brucella...
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 03:25
Author(s): Yanping Zhang, Zhenghao Yu, Xingge Lan, Feng Zhang, Qi Wang, Kai Li, Qing Pan, Yulong Gao, Xiaole Qi, Hong-yu Cui, Yongqiang Wang, Li Gao, Xiaomei Wang, Changjun LiuAbstractThe prevalence of Marek’s disease (MD) caused by Gallid herpesvirus-2 (GaHV-2) has been increasing in chickens in China despite universal vaccination. Among the possible reasons for this trend, of...
Tue, 09/24/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Z. Karalyan, A. Avetisyan, H. Avagyan, H. Ghazaryan, T. Vardanyan, A. Manukyan, A. Semerjyan, H. VoskanyanAbstractThis research is focused on the study of African swine fever virus (ASFV) survival in the leech Hirudo medicinalis.To detect the infection route of the virus in leeches, two introduction methods were used: blood-feeding from infected swine hosts and exposure to ASFV-...
Thu, 09/12/2019 - 01:03
Available online 10 September 2019 Author(s): Meina Zhang, Yanyi Che, Shuang Zhao, Xia Xiaojing, Hongtao Liu, Jianfang Liu, Yuping Wang, Wenyu Han, Yuying Yang, Changhai Zhou, Liancheng LeiAbstractMastitis is a disease that affects dairy cattle and causes a decline in milk quality as well as economic loss worldwide. TGF-β1 levels are usually increased during mastitis; however, it is unknown...
Mon, 09/09/2019 - 01:05
Available online 7 September 2019 Author(s): Kosuke Soda, Masakazu Sakita, Tatsufumi Usui, Hiroshi Ito, Toshihiro ItoAbstractThe H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) isolated in Japan during the 2014—2015 winter differed in their pathogenicity in chickens. In the present study, we examined the possibility that a comparatively less pathogenic strain was first brought into the...
Sat, 08/03/2019 - 01:03
Available online 1 August 2019 Author(s): Yu-Pin Liu, Shu-Ting Kuo, Chwei-Jang Chiou, Calogero Terregino, Hsiang-Jung TsaiAbstractAvian paramyxoviruses (APMVs) consist of twenty known species and have been isolated from domestic and wild birds around the world. In 2009, the isolate APMV/dove/Taiwan/AHRI33/2009 was isolated from swabs of red turtle doves (Streptopelia tranquebarica) during active...

Pages