Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

Fri, 06/18/2021 - 02:01
Mercury (Hg) is a global pollutant affecting ecosystems and posing risks to wildlife and human health. Mercury in soil represents a major indicator of its availability to enter both the terrestrial (agriculture) and aquatic food chain (fish and seafood) and contaminate consumers. Therefore, interest in soil Hg concentrations is useful for environmental Hg monitoring and remediation of contamined...
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 02:01
The quality of water resources can be altered by human activities carried out in watersheds. These changes can lead to the occurrence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and compromise public health. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the presence and concentration of total coliforms and Escherichia coli in the water at the Ecological Park Tietê in São Paulo, the antibiotics resistance of...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 02:01
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and mercury were investigated in smoked catfish illegally sold and confiscated by Italian authorities in Turin (North-western Italy). The mean benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) concentration was 73 ± 11 μg kg−1 and the total mean PAH concentration (ΣPAH) was 243 ± 38 μg kg−1, both exceeding the EU maximum limits (2.0 and 12 μg/kg) set in muscle of smoked fish and...
Thu, 06/17/2021 - 02:01
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the status of heavy metal contamination in the samples of soil, water, vegetables, and vital organs (liver and kidney) of predominant species of rat i.e. Bandicota bengalensis, collected from the vegetable fields near Buddha Nullah (a seasonal water stream highly contaminated with domestic and industrial waste), Ludhiana, Punjab, India. The samples of...
Wed, 06/02/2021 - 02:01
A wide range solubility of water is the main cause of its contamination by variety of inorganic/organic pollutants and hence needs decontamination using various porous materials. It is needed and still is a challenging task of time to develop porous materials like metal organic frameworks for the said purpose. In this study, we report sorptive removal and photo-catalytic degradation of methylene...
Tue, 06/01/2021 - 02:01
Biochar-immobilized microorganism technology is an effective way to remove antibiotic contamination in aqueous solutions. In this study, the effect and mechanism of immobilization of Bacillus subtilis by honeysuckle residue–derived biochar for the removal of chlortetracycline (CTC) were investigated using corn straw biochar as a comparison. The biochar’s structural characteristics and properties...
Mon, 05/24/2021 - 02:01
Soils containing high concentrations of metals were treated using a soil washing process. The hypothesis was that metals could be concentrated in a single or small number of fine fractions which could be removed and disposed of to treat the contaminated soil. Lead and zinc were shown to be distributed over the > 4000, 2000–4000, 600–2000, 180–600, 38–180, 38–23, and < 9 µm soil size...
Sat, 05/22/2021 - 02:01
Abstract This paper is a review about endocrine disruptor’s detection in water. In order to monitor these pollutants, there are some methods for detection such as chromatographic, immunoassays, enzymatic biosensors, immunosensors, aptamers sensors, biosensors, and cantilever nanobiosensors. The last ones are versatility devices, which present low detection limit values, high sensitivity and...
Thu, 05/20/2021 - 02:01
Phthalic acid ester (PAE), a plasticizer, is increasingly being detected in different environments. These compounds can gravely affect the human endocrine system. The present study aims to prepare adsorbents that can effectively adsorb PAE pollutants. To fabricate a better carbon structure than conventional biochar, the sodium hydroxide solution was used as a hydrolyzing agent to pretreat the...
Sun, 05/16/2021 - 02:01
Antibiotics are among the prominent class of pharmaceuticals considered emerging pollutants. This class of compounds has found its way into diverse arrays of water bodies in the environment due to their incomplete decomposition, and also the indiscriminate disposal of pharmaceutical waste from industries, farms, and medical centers. This is often through soluble reactive effluent, water run-offs...
Tue, 05/11/2021 - 02:01
The level of pollution and the variability of rainwater runoff quality collected in reservoirs next to the new Lublin bypass (south-eastern Poland) were assessed in this scientific paper. In the rainwater harvesting and treatment system, two types of reservoirs with different construction, size and presence of pre-treatment devices were used. Laboratory tests involved selected physical, oxygen,...
Tue, 05/11/2021 - 02:01
A pot experiment was conducted to evaluate the phytoremediation efficacies of seven weed plant species, viz., Bidens pilosa L., Chenopodium album L., Malvastrum coromandelianum L., Garcke, Oxalis corniculata L., Parthenium hysterophorus L. (an invasive species), Polypogon monspeliensis L., and Rumex dentatus L., against heavy metals like chromium (Cr) and Nickel (Ni). These metals were...
Thu, 05/06/2021 - 02:01
Soil amendments can be an effective and low-cost treatment to reduce metal bioavailability of contaminated dredged sediments disposed on land. The effect of green waste compost addition on Cu, Cr, Ni, Pb, and Zn extractability and bioaccumulation in lettuce was studied in a greenhouse experiment, using dredged sediments from different sites of the Matanza-Riachuelo River (Argentina). Moreover,...
Thu, 05/06/2021 - 02:01
The potential of two aquatic plants, e.g., Typha angustifolia and Acorus calamus, and a terrestrial plant, e.g., Pandanus amaryllifolius, was evaluated in hydroponic experiments for rhizofiltration of cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn). Of the three species, T. angustifolia experienced a 100% survival rate and showed no symptoms of toxicity, with substantial values of dry biomass production (11.5–20.8 g...
Mon, 05/03/2021 - 02:01
Fish are an important food and economic source in the Amazon region. However, several researches report high levels of mercury, mainly methylmercury (MeHg), in these animals. MeHg is capable of biomagnifying in the ecosystem and negatively affect human health. Amazon region is recognized for its great diversity of fish species and high daily consumption of fish, extremely vulnerable to the toxic...
Mon, 05/03/2021 - 02:01
Metal mining extraction and concentration need water. The recycling of liquid effluents reduces its consumption. This recycled water must contain low concentrations of metals. This project’s first objective was to start up a laboratory-scale upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor for biotransforming metal sulfates into metal sulfides of effluent from flotation units of a mining plant (FE...
Fri, 04/30/2021 - 02:01
Decachlorobiphenyl (DCB) is one of the 209 polychlorinated biphenyls congeners characterized by its high toxicity and chemical stability. It is produced by industrial activities. A possible strategy to eliminate DCB is by bacterial degradation. The main objective of this study was to define the optimal conditions for biodegradation and bioaccumulation of DCB by Pseudomonas extremaustralis ADA-5...
Fri, 04/30/2021 - 02:01
Intensified vehicular traffic causes increased heavy metal contamination of the environment. We investigated the heavy metal chemistry of soils located under silver fir stands in the vicinity of Poland’s S7 roadway. Three sampling sites were located in fir stands in central Poland. Fieldwork included soil sampling of the organic (O) horizon and mineral (A) topsoil. We analyzed the soil pH, carbon...
Thu, 04/29/2021 - 12:24
Abstract Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) is increasingly considered as a promising method to deal with animal manure. Inevitably, using this method for treatment of animal manure led to large amount of hydrothermal liquid. However, the effect of temperature on the characteristics of liquid product that derived from hydrothermal carbonization of animal manure was still incompletely clear. In this...
Tue, 04/27/2021 - 02:01
Phosphate (PO43−) and nitrate (NO3−) contamination causes the threatening issue of eutrophication. A major waste from seafood industries of various seashells including Anadara inaequivalvis, Saccostrea commercialis, Perna viridis, Tegillarca granosa, Filopaludina martensi, Babylonai areolate and Meretrix lusoria was thermally modified and investigated for PO43− and NO3− removal from synthetic and...
Thu, 04/22/2021 - 02:01
The research aims to analyse the treatment possibility of Cd-polluted soil using electrokinetics driven by solar power in comparison with driving by direct current power. Meanwhile, the effects of electrolyte on electrokinetics were investigated. Five runs of electrokinetics were carried out using different electrolytes and energy sources. Experimental results showed that the combined application...
Wed, 04/21/2021 - 02:01
Abstract Emerging contaminants (ECs) have been studied extensively because of the various damages they can cause to the environment, especially due to the non-treated domestic effluents, which contaminate the water bodies. Therefore, it is important to evaluate alternatives to remove these compounds. The objective of this work was to evaluate the potential of a new biosorbent from chitosan...
Wed, 04/21/2021 - 02:01
Plastic debris sized from 0.33 to 5 mm or so-called microplastic is an abundant environmental pollutant found worldwide in various ecosystems. The contamination has been threatening animals such as fish, wild birds, domesticated poultry, and waterfowls. This preliminary research aimed to reveal the evidence of microplastic contamination in domesticated duck to prove that plastic contamination has...
Fri, 04/16/2021 - 02:01
Abstract The concentration levels of some important pesticides were evaluated in soil samples from different areas of the North of Iran (Golestan province) and to indicate the possible sources and risks of contamination. A multiresidue analytical procedure using the QuEChERS approach was developed to extract and measure 12 pesticide residues from ten different classes in 145 soil samples...
Fri, 04/16/2021 - 02:01
At present, water pollution becomes a very significant environmental issue. Heavy metals and organic dyes present at higher concentrations in water are dangerous for aquatic life and humanity. Chitosan nanocomposites have been used for the adsorptive removal of heavy metals and dyes due to their improved chemical activity. This paper encompassed the synthesis of chitosan-nSiO2 nanocomposites and...
Wed, 04/14/2021 - 02:01
The effectiveness of water management in reducing cadmium (Cd) accumulation in rice grain has mainly been investigated in slightly and moderately contaminated soils but seldom in heavily contaminated soils. In addition, how soil physicochemical properties influence the effectiveness of water management merits investigation. In this study, a pot experiment was performed using six soils of slight (...
Sun, 04/11/2021 - 02:01
World’s food production relies on crops grown in irrigated land to feed an increasing population. In the long term, irrigation agriculture may cause environmental deterioration to the area (soil degradation, aquifer contamination) and its surroundings (greenhouse gas emission, eutrophication) to compromise crop production. Three irrigated areas in northern Mexico (Yaqui Valley, Delicias, Comarca...
Sun, 04/04/2021 - 02:01
Abstract To deal with the problems of increasing the heavy metal (HM) bioavailability and declining the soil biological properties resulting from a direct application of solid digestate (SD). A low-temperature fruit biochar and pig-SD (BSD-0, BSD-1, BSD-2, BSD-4, BSD-8) co-application experiment was performed to evaluate enzyme activities and HM bioavailability in Cd-polluted greenhouse soil. The...
Fri, 04/02/2021 - 02:01
As a tool for assessing water quality in the Arctic Basin, a new technology is proposed based on the coupling of spectral observations of multi-channel optical sensors and mathematical model estimates for the qualitative and quantitative distribution of water pollutants. Adaptive spectrophotometer and spectroellipsometer structures are used to carry out the observations, the operation of which is...
Fri, 03/19/2021 - 02:01
Due to the inadequate removal rates of drug residues in wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), the transition of these compounds into the environment has become a serious environmental problem for ecosystems and public health. In this study, occurrence, fate, and removal of widely consumed two antibiotics, ciprofloxacin (CIP) and sulfamethoxazole (SMX), selected from fluoroquinolone and sulfonamide...
Thu, 03/18/2021 - 02:01
In this study, basic erythrocyte sizes in P. ridibundus individuals inhabiting a polluted area (heavy metals, nitrates, nitrites, and ammonium) in southern Bulgaria were evaluated. The erythrocyte cells’ parameters, erythrocyte length (EL), erythrocyte width (EW), length/width ratio (EL/EW), and erythrocyte size (ES), and nuclear parameters, nucleus length (NL), nucleus width (NW), NL/NW ratio,...
Thu, 03/11/2021 - 02:01
This research analyzes the behavior of different diatomite from Peru, and their potential use for the removal of heavy metals from contaminated effluents. Seven different diatomites were characterized by X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence, scanning electron microscopy, specific surface area, and cation exchange capacity. The absolute removal and the removal efficiency of Cu, Pb, and Zn were...
Wed, 03/10/2021 - 02:01
Application of organics in soil can reduce uptake of arsenic (As) in food crops grown on soil spiked with As. However, the results may be different if the crop is grown with As-contaminated irrigation water. In this study, a modest initiative has been undertaken to assess the organo-arsenic equilibria using the fulvic and humic extracted from paddy husk (PH), vermicompost (VC), and soil. The...
Sun, 03/07/2021 - 02:01
Sugarcane is a major crop in Brazil as well as other tropical areas. The rise of green cane systems that maintain straw on the soil surface after mechanical harvesting alongside extreme precipitation has changed the use and environmental fate of pesticides, mainly herbicides. The goal of this research was to evaluate the effects of straw amounts (0, 7, and 14 t ha−1), soil water contents (10 and...
Sat, 03/06/2021 - 02:01
The input of heavy metals in agricultural systems depresses the soil quality and compromises the food safety owing to crop contamination. Metals also affect the structure, morphology, function, and activity of microorganisms in soils and substrates. Heavy metals can inhibit basic processes of microbial metabolism such as respiration. The present study aimed (i) to assess the relationship between...
Wed, 03/03/2021 - 02:01
Organic amendments can improve soil quality which has knock-on environmental and agronomic benefits. However, the use of new and emerging organic amendments such as biochar and brown coal waste (BCW) in soil systems requires continuous holistic assessments for robust consensus building in their environmental and agricultural applications. To examine the application of BCW and woodchip biochar (...
Sun, 02/28/2021 - 02:01
Petroleum hydrocarbons have been worldwide concern contaminants because of their mutagenicity and carcinogenicity. The potential biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons at low temperatures is important for petroleum contamination remediation in cold region. In this study, a mixed cold-adapted bacteria flora JY, including seven petroleum-degrading strains (B1, H1, H2, H3, R1, R2, and S), was...
Sun, 02/28/2021 - 02:01
Abstract This comprehensive study addressed the occurrence, seasonal changes, removal efficiencies, and environmental risk assessments of three macrolide antibiotics in five wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) with conventional and different additional treatment processes. A 1-year monitoring study was conducted, and influents and effluents were collected from Guangzhou (GZ), Shenzhen (SZ), Tai...
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 02:01
Abstract Loggerhead sea turtle (C. caretta) is the official European bioindicator of marine litter in the Mediterranean Sea. In 2019, 8 sea turtles, out of 28 specimens loggerhead on the Adriatic coast of Molise, were subjected to necropsy. The intestinal contents were collected and the microplastics until 0.45 μm were extracted. Qualitative and quantitative assessments were performed by...
Thu, 02/25/2021 - 02:01
Stormwater harvesting and reuse is an attractive option to lower the demand placed on other sources of water supply. However, it contains a wide range of pollutants that need to be removed before it can be reused or even discharged to the waterways and receiving waters. An experimental protocol to estimate the efficiency of a soil-based-filter medium for the treatment of stormwater pollutants...
Tue, 02/23/2021 - 02:01
Abstract Field-scale experiments were conducted to assess biochar’s ability with and without supplements to sequester heavy metals of lead (Pb2+) and zinc (Zn2+) from stream water contaminated by abandoned mines. The study was conducted at the Frongoch mine watercourse site in central Wales for 1104 h (46 days). The methods employed include pyrolysis of waste Leylandii feedstocks at 700 °C and...
Mon, 02/22/2021 - 02:01
Cr(VI) is a ubiquitous pollutant that poses a serious threat to human health. Recently, the use of microorganisms to adsorb heavy metals has attracted research attention. However, there are few studies on the biosorption of Cr(VI) by Shewanella putrefaciens, which is a metal-reducing bacterium. In this paper, single-factor experiments were designed to investigate the effect of hexavalent chromium...
Thu, 02/18/2021 - 02:01
Removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from wastewater treatment sludge with appropriate technologies is of great importance for nature and public health. UV technology is one of the most frequently used methods for the removal of PAHs. While various photodegradation applications with UV-C (ultraviolet-C) light and photocatalysts can be performed to remove these compounds, a large...
Thu, 02/18/2021 - 02:01
Cadmium (Cd) is considered one of the heavy metals disturbing plant biophysiological functions. The potential role of phosphorus (P) nutrition in the attenuation of Cd effects on photosynthetic efficiency, plant growth, and cadmium uptake has been investigated in hydroponically grown tomato. Two P nutrition regimes (P15: 15 mg l-1; P30: 30 mg l-1) were assessed in the presence or absence of Cd (...
Mon, 02/15/2021 - 02:01
The accumulation of heavy metals in stream sediment depends on various influencing factors. Sediments are aggregation of number of species along with organic debris. Accretion of heavy metals on sediment is the outcome of absorption by fine-grain inorganic particles of clays, adsorption of hydrous ferric and clays, and complexation with natural organic matters. These processes are regulated by...
Sat, 02/13/2021 - 02:01
Choosing the appropriate sampling strategy is significant while estimating the pollutant loads in a snow pile and assessing environmental impacts of dumping snow into water bodies. This paper compares different snow pile sampling strategies, looking for the most efficient way to estimate the pollutant loads in a snow pile. For this purpose, 177 snow samples were collected from nine snow piles (...
Sat, 02/13/2021 - 02:01
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are among the most hazardous organic pollutants due to their toxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic properties, wide distribution, recalcitrance and stability in the environment. The study objective is to determine the impact of the species composition of tree stands on PAH accumulation in urban forest soils of Krakow. The study compared the impact of deciduous and...
Thu, 02/11/2021 - 02:01
Some evidences about the toxicity of heavy metals on phytoplankton communities have been documented; notwithstanding, a little of information about the toxic effects elicited by these toxicants prevails. The study aim was to evaluate the relationships between heavy metals on freshwater phytoplankton communities (FWPC) with biomarkers of the oxidative stress response. Biomarkers of oxidative...
Wed, 02/10/2021 - 02:01
Abstract Biochar produced from different raw materials by pyrolysis have been utilized as an alternative material for organic compound adsorption. This study aims to evaluate the use of biochar generated from sugar cane filter cake, after pyrolysis treatment at 380 °C, in the adsorption process of thiamethoxam pesticide in wastewater. The biochar was studied based on moisture, volatile matter,...
Sun, 02/07/2021 - 02:01
This study aims to expand the knowledge about fecal contamination by humans and animals using Adenovirus (AdV) as bioindicators in different water sources from rural areas, to evaluate the viral infectivity, and to compare the different techniques used to detect the Human mastadenovirus (HAdV). For that, 124 samples were collected (86 from groundwater and 38 from surface water) along the Rio dos...

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