Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Wed, 08/12/2020 - 02:01
Air pollutants originated from natural and anthropogenic sources and able to bio-magnify and bio-accumulate in the trophic levels, thus increase toxicity in the food chain. Various air pollutants (particulate matters (PMs), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), inorganic air pollutants (IAP), persistent organic pollutants (POPs), heavy metals, and black carbon) resulted in adverse effects on...
Sat, 08/08/2020 - 02:01
The aim of this study was to investigate, analyze, and compare applied techniques suitable for achieving efficient removal of organophosphorus pesticides (OPPs) (malathion and fenitrothion) from aqueous solutions and analyze the degradation products and processes. Pesticide degradation efficiency (%) was monitored by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) equipped with a photodiode array...
Fri, 08/07/2020 - 02:01
The pollution of agricultural soil due to heavy metals is a serious environmental problem throughout the world due to their persistence and toxicity. The present study was carried out on agricultural soils of district Bathinda, Punjab where a total of 120 soil samples were collected from 40 different locations during pre-monsoon, monsoon, and post-monsoon season. The total mean concentration of...
Thu, 08/06/2020 - 02:01
Biodiesel is a mixture of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) from either vegetable oils or animal fats. Although biodiesel biodegrades faster than diesel fuel, the impacts of this biofuel in environment throughout its biodegradation process should be investigated. For this reason, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the microbial activity, the phytotoxicity, and the formation of...
Wed, 08/05/2020 - 02:01
One of the limitations compromising the utilization of enzymes for the remediation of phenolic wastewaters is enzyme activity loss during the treatment. Some surface active additives have the potential to protect enzymes and, thus, improve their performance. In this study, the removal of bisphenol A from synthetic wastewater samples by laccase has been studied in the presence of rhamnolipid...
Fri, 07/31/2020 - 02:01
Globally, heavy metal (HM) pollution of soil is a serious problem that can lead to long-term toxic effects on soil. In this milieu, the present study investigated the eco-toxicological effects of three trace elements, e.g., cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), and lead (Pb), on enzyme activities and microbial function and structural diversity in phaeozem and red soil samples. Hormesis effects of Cd, Cu,...
Thu, 07/30/2020 - 02:01
The present study focuses on the simultaneous analysis of metallic species and radionuclide data from January 2009 to December 2011 in the dust deposited on filters in Málaga (Spain). Some metallic elements (Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Na, Zn, Pb, Cu, Ni) and radionuclides (7Be and 210Pb) have been determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectroscopy and gamma spectrometry, respectively. For this...
Tue, 07/28/2020 - 02:01
Thousands of lakes in a ~ 17,000 km2 area around Sudbury (Ontario) acidified (pH < 6) and became metal contaminated as a result of local smelting activities that have taken place since the 1880s. Middle Lake, an urban lake located in Sudbury, acidified to pH ~ 4.3, and was subsequently limed and fertilized in the 1970s and 1980s as part of experimental remediation efforts. Little is known...
Tue, 07/28/2020 - 02:01
In this study, a magnetic montmorillonite composite (MMC) was prepared by a coprecipitation method, evaluated as sorbent for Cd(II) ions and characterized by IR spectroscopy, SEM, EDX, VSM, and zeta potential measurement. The adsorption potential of MMC was tested in both batch and continuous modes at different initial pH levels, sorbent dosages, contact times, ionic strengths, flow rates, and...
Sun, 07/26/2020 - 02:01
Degradation-resistant chemical contaminants of health concern such as dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the environment are redistributed between different environmental compartments, where they partition between biotic heterotrophic routes and abiotic features (water and immobile soil components). Their fate and the potential risk they pose...
Sat, 07/25/2020 - 02:01
Creosote is a multicomponent oil classified as a dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) produced from coal tar distillation. The concept of phase distribution is critical in decision-making to remediate contaminated sites. The creosote mass transfer between sorbed, aqueous, vapor, and DNAPL phases is controlled by physicochemical characteristics, geology of the site, and environment conditions....
Fri, 07/24/2020 - 02:01
Water scarcity has continuously increased over the last decades in countries like Egypt, where agriculture consume > 85% of the country’s water. Increased urbanization, industries, and expensive advanced treatment processes further aggravate this challenge, causing the use of poorly treated or untreated wastewater for crop irrigation. The current study investigated an eco-friendly technology...
Fri, 07/24/2020 - 02:01
Phytoremediation is a cost-effective and relatively cleaner method for remediating contaminated areas using plants. Certain plants, including some sunflower species, have already been identified as potential phytoremediation candidates because of their ability to accumulate heavy metals. This study investigated the ability of Tithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower) to accumulate lead from lab-...
Sun, 07/19/2020 - 02:01
The continuous use of agricultural inputs for grain, fiber, and energy production in the Brazilian savannah can increase heavy metal (HM) concentrations in the soils. In this context, we aimed to determine the natural concentrations and establish the quality reference values (QRVs) of HMs in reference soils of a sedimentary watershed under native vegetation in one of the latest agricultural...
Sun, 07/19/2020 - 02:01
Biochars from Chinese medicine material residues and furfural residues at 300–600 °C (MBC300–MBC600 and FBC300–FBC600) were used as adsorbents for removing tetracycline (TC) from water. The influence of pH and co-existing of cations or low molecular weight organic acids (LMWOAs) was investigated on TC adsorption. Further, the bulk biochars were treated by ball milling into sub-micron particles,...
Fri, 07/17/2020 - 02:01
For plant growth, cadmium (Cd) is a toxic and easily accumulated element but silicon (Si) is beneficial. To explore the alleviating effect of Si on Cd toxicity to plants in Cd-contaminated calcareous soil, the effect of Si on Cd absorption was investigated for cucumber organs in pot experiments. The Cd concentration of cucumber organs using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The Si...
Fri, 07/17/2020 - 02:01
The concentrations of heavy metal (copper (Cu), mercury (Hg), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn)) were measured in Acer(A.) pseudoplatanus tree bark to evaluate its suitability as a bioindicator of air pollution in downtown Toronto, Canada. The analysis of digested tree bark samples was carried out by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) for Cu, Mn...
Thu, 07/16/2020 - 02:01
Global pollution of mercury (Hg) threatens ecosystem and human health. We measured total Hg (THg) and monomethylmercury (MMHg) concentrations in filter-feeding blackfly (Simulium spp.) larvae in the inflows and the outflows of six boreal lakes with no Hg point source pollution. THg in the larvae ranged from 0.03 to 0.31 mg kg−1 dw and MMHg between 0.02 and 0.25 mg kg−1 dw. The proportion of MMHg...
Wed, 07/15/2020 - 02:01
The main objective of this research was to study the feasibility of using algal and algal-activated sludge systems in treating laundry wastewater. Three different types of systems—green microalgae (system A), diatoms + activated sludge (system B), and green microalgae + activated sludge (system C)—were studied at six different solid retention times (SRT)—6, 8, 10, 12, 14, and 16 days—to evaluate...
Fri, 07/10/2020 - 02:01
The contaminated Kaynaklar soil containing high level of diesel (100,000 mg/kg dw) was treated in slurry systems with solid-to-liquid ratios (S/L) of 1/5, 1/10, and 1/20 to describe the performance of physical treatment. The soil microbial mass was inhibited by using mercury chloride and autoclaving prior to the diesel spiking in order to eliminate any bacterial degradation of non-aqueous phase...
Thu, 07/09/2020 - 02:01
Gold mines are widely recognized as important sources of arsenic (As) pollution and this work proposes the use of in situ microbial community enzymatic response to assess the risk of As in soil and sediments surrounding “Morro do Ouro,” the largest industrial gold mine in Brazil. Bacterial community exposed to high metals concentrations deviates energy from growth to cell maintenance modifying...
Wed, 07/08/2020 - 02:01
Heavy metals and dye contaminations pose the most critical environmental problems facing the world today . These may lead to bad effects on human, animal’s health, and aquatic ecosystems. Herein, we report a facile and effective approach to fabricate controllable design of tunable Zn/Al/gallate layered double hydroxide/polystyrene nanofibers (Zn/Al/GA LDH/PSNFs).The prepared materials before and...
Tue, 07/07/2020 - 02:01
To investigate the potential pollution risk of permeable brick paving systems in areas with high groundwater levels, a system was constructed by using ceramic permeable bricks as the surface and a Chinese character “well”-shaped frame as the base on the top of a 1.0 m clay layer. The concentrations of total suspended solids (TSS), total phosphorus (TP), ammonia nitrogen (NH4+-N), total nitrogen (...
Sat, 07/04/2020 - 02:01
Marine pollution has increased reaching the entire marine environment, from the surface to the deepest sediment, and has become more concerning in the last 70 years. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are a fraction of ocean waste that includes, among the others, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and plastic polymers. These chemicals have an extremely long half-life, and (bio)accumulate...
Fri, 07/03/2020 - 02:01
Summarized the heavy metal pollution caused by natural and human activities. The natural causes include the migration and redistribution of soil debris and the hydraulic migration of soil parent rock with high background value under the action of wind; human factors include mining, abandoned mining areas, fertilizer and pesticide application, and sewage irrigation. By examining the sources of...
Thu, 07/02/2020 - 02:01
Blechnum orientale L. is a traditional, medicinal fern found in China. To assess the characteristics of heavy metals and As accumulation, the fronds, roots, and the rooting soils of this fern were sampled from urban, suburban, and rural woodlands across Guangdong Province in southern China. The concentrations of As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn in both the fern and its rooting soils were...
Tue, 06/23/2020 - 02:01
Surfactants are substances applicable in the removal of heavy metals from contaminated soil. This study aims to investigate the effects of surfactant mixtures, composed of nonionic, anionic, and cationic surfactants, on the removal efficiency of Cd and Zn by mixture design (MD). Central composite rotatable design (CCRD) was integrated to optimize the conditions of contaminated soil washing....
Tue, 06/23/2020 - 02:01
Efficient removal of heavy metals from water and wastewater is a necessity for human and environmental well-being. Agricultural, domestic, and industrial waste discharges increase with the increase in the global population. Discharges are loaded with toxic metallic substances that inevitably reach water sources. Conventional treatment methods are in many cases inadequate in their removal...
Mon, 06/22/2020 - 02:01
This work focuses on the preparation of eco-friendly adsorbents from waste pork bone to remove heavy metal ions. Two adsorbents, bone char (BC) and cellulose-modified BC (MCC-BC), are prepared successfully and characterized by FTIR, XRD, BET, and Zeta potential. The influences of pH, temperature, contact time, adsorbent dosage, and initial concentration of Pb (II) on the removal performance are...
Sat, 06/20/2020 - 02:01
The effects of atmospheric precipitation on heavy metal accumulation and deactivation amendment in wheat surrounding a lead smelter were studied. The total precipitation amounts of Cd, Pb, and As in an in situ test were noticeably more than their amounts in an off-site test over the entire growing period of wheat. In the same soil-wheat system, the heavy metal concentrations of wheat leaves in...
Sat, 06/20/2020 - 02:01
Agricultural soil is easily polluted by heavy metal and recently by metal-based nanoparticles, which has been synthesized in lab and discarded to environment. The uptake and accumulation of them by crops in polluted soil may pose high risks for human health. Here, we investigated the fate and the fixation effect of Fe3O4-GO nanocomposites (NCs) to lead ions in the soil-leek system during four...
Fri, 06/19/2020 - 02:01
The mining sector has great importance to the economic activity in Brazil. However, it is also responsible for several environmental impacts such as the rupture of the Fundão dam (Mariana, Brazil) that resulted in the spillage of 50 million m3 of mining tailings in the Doce River Basin. This study evaluated the acute and chronic effects of Fundão tailings on growth, development, respiration rates...
Wed, 06/17/2020 - 02:01
The plasmid-borne mobilized colistin resistance genes (mcr-like) are related to resistance to polymyxins, which were reintroduced for the treatment of infections caused by multidrug-resistant pathogens. To analyze the presence of clinically relevant antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs), including mcr-like genes and plasmids in a beach, sand samples from a public beach were collected. Fifty-seven...
Tue, 06/16/2020 - 02:01
There is limited information on the effect of characteristics of soil in the arid regions on the transport of pollutants. Al-Qurain landfill site is located about 1.5 km from the Arabian Gulf shoreline in Kuwait. The site was operated as an open dump and was designed without a liner or leachate collection system. This study was performed after 35 years of the site closure to investigate the...
Sat, 06/13/2020 - 02:01
A combined process comprised of electro-Fenton and bioslurry (EF–bioslurry) was developed at lab scale for remediating a real coking plant soil with an initial polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) content of 3605 mg/kg. Sodium citrate was used as a complexant to keep the iron in solution at near-neutral pH conditions for increasing the reaction rate. The appropriate order of application was to...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 02:01
The ability of locally laboratory-synthesized polyaluminium chloride (PAC) with high Al13 content (PAC-Al13) to remove organic, inorganic matter and colour from potable water, agricultural and electroplating wastewaters was evaluated relative to commercial PAC (PACI). PAC-Al13 used in this study was prepared using batch titration of NaOH into AlCl3·6H2O solution under vigorous stirring as opposed...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 02:01
Soil contamination by pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) has attracted the attention of many researchers. Continued release of these products into the environment can compromise the health of non-target organisms as well as interfere in ecological interactions between species. We hypothesized that contamination of the soil by these products affects the gut microbiota of...
Wed, 06/10/2020 - 02:01
In this study, groundwater of 10 union councils of Larkana city was assessed by using atomic absorption spectrometry following microwave-assisted digestion. A total of 110 groundwater samples were collected by using a Global Positioning System. The results revealed that iron, zinc, nickel, copper, and lead present in the groundwater of Larkana city were within the level of 0.002–0.6 mg/L, 0.02–0....
Tue, 06/09/2020 - 02:01
Endogenous pollution is one of the most notable issues in drinking water reservoirs, since the sediment is a main sink of contaminants in the aquatic environment. In this work, we investigated the spatial distribution characteristics of heavy metals and different species of N and P and assessed the pollution risks of the sediments from the Chenhang Reservoir, which is the first drinking water...
Sun, 06/07/2020 - 02:01
Soil is the support medium for the development of several activities; however, improperly used soils can become a serious environmental issue. The aim of the current study is to determine the concentration of chemical elements in soil used as landfill in Southern Brazil. Samples were collected in different soil profiles and depths and analyzed based on the X-ray fluorescence technique. Results...
Wed, 06/03/2020 - 03:24
Fourteen pesticides were screened and determined through quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) extraction process combined with GC-MS/MS in arid agriculture soil. The aims of the current investigation were to account the occurrence of organochlorine (OCP) and organophosphates (OPP) pesticide residues as well as other groups of pyrethroids (PYRs), carbamates, and biopesticides...
Wed, 06/03/2020 - 03:24
Enteric viruses in the aquatic environment are a concern due to the potential for waterborne disease transmission to humans. In Nepal, the Bagmati River serves as a source of drinking and irrigation water; therefore, the detection of waterborne enteric pathogens is integral to maintaining human health. The objective of this study was to quantify the crAssphage marker in surface water samples from...
Wed, 06/03/2020 - 03:24
Composting has various benefits to achieve sustainability, such as substituting the use of fertilizers and preventing organic residues from being dumped in landfills. Thus, the objective was to evaluate nutrient and heavy metal release dynamics during composting with different mixtures of organic residues containing food wastes. The study was conducted in a community association in Mossoró, Rio...
Wed, 06/03/2020 - 03:24
Propylene glycol (PG), commonly used in the food, cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries and considered non-PBT, is still an emerging contaminant of concern due to its widespread use. In this study, an isolate of a bacterial consortium obtained from an effluent treatment plant, MC1S, was used to degrade PG. The growth kinetics of the isolate was studied under aerated and non-aerated conditions....
Wed, 05/27/2020 - 03:22
Alkylphenols (APs)—nonylphenol (NP) and octylphenol (OP)—are well-known environmental contaminants due to their widespread application and have been identified as endocrine-disrupting chemicals. A novel APs-tolerant fungus designated F6 was isolated from the bottom sediments of the coastal part of the Eastern Gulf of Finland (Neva Bay) and was identified as Aspergillus tubingensis F6 based on ITS...
Tue, 05/26/2020 - 03:26
This study aimed to define the optimum weight ratio between Berea Red sand (BRS)/zero-valent iron (ZVI) combinations to be used in the treatment of nitrate contaminated water. The effect of competing ions (phosphate and sulfate) on the nitrate removal efficiency of the best performing BRS-ZVI w/w ratio was also assessed. To achieve this objective, batch tests were performed under anoxic and...
Mon, 05/25/2020 - 03:22
Petroleum hydrocarbons are applied in various energy activities. If accidents happen, they may result in environmental contamination, especially in soil. Petroleum hydrocarbons have low evaporation rates and are adsorbed on the soil surface, making it necessary to treat contaminated soil before the pollutants spread to other areas. Soil washing with surfactant solution is a method used to treat...
Mon, 05/25/2020 - 03:22
Lignin-based black liquor from oil palm empty fruit bunches (OPEFB) as a side product of the pretreatment process in second-generation bioethanol is the next problem in developing renewable energy. Therefore, developing technology to overcome this problem is needed. In this study, titanium dioxide (TiO2) as photocatalyst and their synergy with heterogeneous Fenton-like process for degrading...
Thu, 05/21/2020 - 03:24
Nickel (Ni) is an essential element in plants and animals, but elevated levels can exert toxicity in living beings, as recently highlighted by the European Food Safety Authority opinion. However, literature regarding the presence of nickel in the environment is scarce. In 2016, the EU Commission Recommendation n°1110 recommended monitoring the presence of Ni in feed in order to set maximum levels...
Tue, 05/19/2020 - 03:23
Rapid growth of vehicles in Medan, Indonesia, is one of the causes in the increasing of air pollution, in which approximately 85% is contributed merely by vehicles. On the other hand, the use of lead-based fuel in motor vehicle increases the air contamination in Medan. This study aimed to obtain an accumulation of lead (Pb) in the thallus of lichens in mahogany trees in four different locations...

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