World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Thu, 05/28/2020 - 03:25
Bacteriophage-derived endolysin enzymes play a critical role in disintegration of the host bacterial cell wall and hence have gained considerable attention as possible therapeutics for the treatment of drug-resistant infections. Endolysins can target both dividing and non-dividing cells and given the vital role peptidoglycan plays in bacterial survival, bacteria are less likely to modify it even...
Sun, 05/10/2020 - 03:23
The detection and monitoring of Vibrio parahaemolyticus pathogen in aquatic foods have become essential for preventing outbreaks. In this study, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay with the azo dye, hydroxynaphthol blue (HNB) was developed targeting species-specific tlh gene. The assay was carried out on 62 seafood samples that included clam and shrimp and compared with...
Mon, 05/04/2020 - 03:21
The bacteriocinogenic lactic acid bacterium Pediococcus pentosaceus LJR1 isolated from rumen liquor of goat had strong anti-bacterial activity toward Listeria monocytogenes in vitro. This antibacterial activity was lost on treatment with protease indicating that the bacteriocin is proteinaceous in nature. The bacteriocin LJR1 produced by P. pentosaceus was purified following a three step...
Tue, 04/28/2020 - 03:22
Quorum sensing (QS) in Aeromonas hydrophila is mainly based on the modulation of ahyI/R genes that regulates bacterial virulence determinant phenotypes. The use of QS inhibitors would be of particular interest in inhibiting bacterial pathogenicity and infections. In this study, we aimed to determine the effect of curcumin, a natural component of Curcuma longa, on the expression of QS regulating...
Thu, 04/23/2020 - 03:20
The haloalkaliphilics are an important subset of extremophiles that grow in salt [upto 33% (wt/vol) NaCl] and alkaline pH (> 9). They are found in hypersaline environments especially in the brines in arid, coastal and deep sea locations, and in alkaline environments, such as soda soils, lakes and deserts. Some authors have described haloalkaliphilic bacteria as moderate halophilic bacteria,...
Wed, 04/22/2020 - 03:20
Estuaries being the connecting link between terrestrial and marine environment, experience spatial variations in the hydrographic variables as well as concentrations of pollutants. The present study reports a contrasting difference in the metal tolerance and enzyme activity of particle-associated bacteria (PAB) isolated from the upstream and downstream reaches of a tropical estuary [Cochin...
Tue, 02/25/2020 - 03:18
Landfilling of municipal waste, an environmental challenge worldwide, results in the continuous formation of significant amounts of leachate, which poses a severe contamination threat to ground and surface water resources. Landfill leachate (LL) is generated by rainwater percolating through disposed waste materials and must be treated effectively before safe discharge into the environment. LL...
Sat, 02/22/2020 - 03:16
Landfills are repository for complex microbial diversity responsible for bio-degradation of solid waste. To elucidate this complexity, samples from three different landfill sites of North India (sample V: Bhalswa near Karnal byepass road, New Delhi, India; sample T: Chandigarh, India and sample S3: Una, H.P., India) were analyzed using metagenomic approach. Selected landfill sites had different...
Wed, 02/05/2020 - 03:16
The objective of this study was to determine whether seeds of Brassica oleracea var. italica (i.e. broccoli, an edible plant) produce defensins that inhibit phytopathogenic fungi and pathogenic bacteria of clinical significance. Crude extracts obtained from broccoli seeds were fractioned by molecular exclusion techniques and analyzed by liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry. Two...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:15
Abstract Arsenic naturally occurs in the earth’s crust and can be introduced in the environment by human activities. Agricultural practices in arsenic-contaminated environments pose a threat to human health. The contamination of crops contributes to the metalloid’s introduction in the food chain. This study aims to test the hypotheses that the inoculation of a hyperaccumulator rhizobacterial...
Wed, 01/22/2020 - 03:15
The study evaluated the antibacterial activity of chlorogenic acid (CA) against Salmonella Enteritidis S1, a foodborne pathogen in chilled fresh chicken. Its minimum inhibitory concentration for S. Enteritidis S1 was 2 mM. 1 MIC CA treatment reduced the viable count of S. Enteritidis S1 by 3 log cfu/g in chilled fresh chicken. Scanning electron microscopy examination indicated that CA induced the...
Sat, 01/18/2020 - 03:14
Vinasse is a waste from the alcohol industry that can support microalgal growth because of its mineral and organic contents. Growing microalgae on waste can be a means of its remediation and decrease culture costs. The physiological knowledge of microalgae on waste can generate subsidies to increase biomass productivity. However, few studies have explored the photosynthetic metabolism of...
Sat, 01/18/2020 - 03:14
Abstract Ampicillin is a widely used β-lactam antibiotic that has been detected in various effluents and can alter biological processes used in wastewater treatment such as nitrification. Physiological and kinetic behaviour of a nitrifying consortium in the presence of ampicillin (AMP) (10, 25, and 50 mg/L) was evaluated in batch cultures. Under the experimental conditions (320 ± 8 mg bacterial...
Sat, 01/18/2020 - 03:14
Staphylococcus aureus strains resistant to the last line antibiotic, vancomycin, have been of clinical concern. These include heterogeneous vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (hVISA) and VISA. The hVISA phenotype cannot be detected by routine laboratory methods. Characterization of hVISA/VISA by new technologies is necessary to differentiate them rapidly from the vancomycin-susceptible isolates (...
Thu, 12/19/2019 - 03:16
Campylobacter jejuni is the one of the leading cause of bacterial food borne gastroenteritis. PglB, a glycosyltransferase, plays a crucial role of mediating glycosylation of numerous periplasmic proteins. It catalyzes N-glycosylation at the sequon D/E-X1-N-X2-S/T in its substrate proteins. Here we report that the PglB itself is a glycoprotein which self-glycosylates at N534 site in its DYNQS...
Mon, 12/16/2019 - 03:14
Orange juice is a major agricultural product, and oranges are among the most widely sold fresh fruits in several countries. Citrus black spot (CBS), caused by the fungus Phyllosticta citricarpa, affects almost every species of citrus, causing a esthetic depreciation of the fruit and fruit drop, with consequent financial loss for its in natura commercialization. Fungicides are the major control...
Tue, 11/26/2019 - 03:15
Serratia marcescens is an opportunistic human pathogen causing nosocomial infections and displays expanded resistance towards the conventional antibiotics. In S. marcescens, quorum sensing (QS) mechanism coordinates the population-dependent behaviors and regulates the virulence factors production. Photodynamic inactivation (PDI) is a promising alternative for the treatment of infections caused by...
Mon, 11/18/2019 - 03:15
Soil contamination due to cadmium (Cd) is a ubiquitous environmental problem for which inexpensive remediation alternatives are required. Phytoaccumulation, the use of plants to extract and accumulate heavy metals from the contaminated environment, is such an alternative. In this study, we aimed at establishing effective plant-bacteria interplay between Brachiaria mutica and Cd-resistant...
Fri, 11/15/2019 - 03:14
The pollution of aquatic environments by drugs is a problem for which scarce research has been conducted in regards of their removal. Amycolatopsis sp. Poz 14 presents the ability to biotransformation naphthalene at high efficiency, therefore, in this work this bacterium was proposed as an assimilator of naproxen and carbamazepine. Growth curves at different concentrations of naproxen and...
Fri, 10/25/2019 - 03:20
DNA methylation has been introduced as a promising biomarker for different diseases. Alterations in macrophage DNA methylation status have been documented during Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection. We conducted this study using a human methylation PCR array kit, which comprised a panel of 22 genes in TLR2 signaling pathway, in order to gain insights into epigenetic interactions between...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:18
Abstract Presence of bacterial contaminants at levels > 107 colony forming units per milliliter (CFU/mL) during ethanol production processes reduces the alcoholic fermentation yield by 30%. Antibiotics are currently used to control contamination, but their residues may be detected in yeast extract, restricting this by-product trade to several countries. Thus, the objective of this study was...
Wed, 10/02/2019 - 03:19
In this study, we aimed to determine the effect of exogenous stress factors (sodium chloride as osmotic stressor, hydrogen peroxide as an inducer of oxidative stress, white light irradiation, and low temperature) on the biosynthesis of carotenoids and lipids by red yeast (Rhodotorula glutinis, R. mucilaginosa, and R. gracilis) during cultivation in media containing potato wastewater and glycerol...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
Aeromonas hydrophila is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes serious infections in aquaculture and exhibits significant multidrug resistance. The LysR-type transcriptional regulator (LTTR) family proteins are a well-known group of transcriptional regulators involved in diverse physiological functions. However, the role of LTTRs in the regulation of bacterial resistance to antibiotics is still...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
Abstract Metal whole-cell biosensors (WCBs) have been reported as very useful tools to detect and quantify the presence of bioavailable fractions of certain metals in water and soil samples. In the current work, two bacterial WCBs able to report Cr(VI) presence and plants growing on Cr(VI)-enriched soil/medium were used to assess the potential transfer of this metal to organisms of higher...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
This paper aims to characterize halophilic bacteria inhabiting Algerian Saline Ecosystems (Sebkha and Chott) located in arid and semi-arid ecoclimate zones (Northeastern Algeria). In addition, screening of enzymatic activities, heavy metal tolerance and antagonistic potential against phytopathogenic fungi were tested. A total of 74 bacterial isolates were screened and phylogenetically...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
There is a significant increase in the discovery of new antimicrobial compounds in recent past to combat drug resistant pathogens. Members of the genus Bacillus and related genera have been screened extensively due to their ability to produce wide range of antimicrobial compounds. In this study, we have isolated and characterized a new antimicrobial peptide from a marine bacterium identified as...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
The presence of very high concentrations of organic pollutants, phenols, tannins and heavy metals mainly chromium in wastewater discharged from leather industries, tags it as one of the most polluting industries. The phenolic syntans discharged from tanning units have an adverse effect on living organisms and cause serious environmental pollution, thereby making it very imperative to remove it....
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:14
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are zoonotic pathogens and may induce severe diarrheagenic diseases in humans and other animals. Non-O157 STEC have been emerging as important pathogens causing outbreaks worldwide. Bacterial resistance to antimicrobials has become a global public health problem, which involves different ecological spheres, including animals. This study aimed to...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:13
Bacterial biofilms are multicellular aggregates enclosed in a self-created biopolymer matrix. Biofilm-producing bacteria have become a great public health problem worldwide because biofilms enable these microorganisms to evade several clearance mechanisms produced by host and synthetic sources. Over the past years, different flavonoids including quercetin have engrossed considerable interest...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:13
Municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) may serve as a reservoir for potentially pathogenic and antibiotic resistant bacteria. The discharge of improperly treated wastewater effluent may lead to the spread of these bacteria, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) which is responsible for causing pneumonia, septicaemia and skin and soft tissue infections, into the...
Mon, 09/23/2019 - 03:13
The Campylobacter and Arcobacter genera encompass closely related species that are ubiquitous in nature and are harboured in the gastrointestinal tract of many animals, including food-producing animals (cattle, sheep, pigs and poultry). In humans Campylobacter spp. is the cause of most of the gastroenteritis cases worldwide and in more severe cases the infection can result in Guillian Barré...