Bacillus cereus

Wed, 06/09/2021 - 03:01
Bacteriocins have become biological weapons against harmful food pathogens and have attracted interest as tools for biopreservation. The aim of this study was to isolate, identify and characterize lactic acid bacterial (LAB) strains from cheese samples, partially purify potential bacteriocins and characterize their antimicrobial activity against pathogens. Bacteriocin-producing organisms were...
Tue, 06/08/2021 - 04:04
Sixteen metabolites, including seven C7-alkylated salicylaldehyde derivatives (1–7) and nine prenylated indole alkaloids (8–16), three of which are new, namely, asperglaucins A and B (1 and 2) and neoechinulin F (8), were separated from the endolichenic fungus Aspergillus chevalieri SQ-8. Asperglaucin A (1) represents an unusual phthalide-like derivative with a benzo[c]thiophen-1(3H)-one scaffold...
Sat, 05/29/2021 - 12:00
ABSTRACT Stachys pilifera Benth is an endemic species of Stachys family found in Iran with a wide application as an herbal tea. The objective of this research was to evaluate the antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activity of the essential oil from the aerial parts of S. pilifera. Essential oil (EO) composition analysis showed that cis-Chrysanthenyl acetate (24.9%), viridiflorol (18.3%),...
Fri, 05/28/2021 - 16:00
Co-infection with ancillary pathogens is a significant modulator of morbidity and mortality in infectious diseases. There have been limited reports of co-infections accompanying SARS-CoV-2 infections, albeit lacking India specific study. The present study has made an effort toward elucidating the prevalence, diversity and characterization of co-infecting respiratory pathogens in the...
Tue, 05/18/2021 - 22:11
Journal of Food Safety, EarlyView. Bacillus cereus is among the primary food-poisoning pathogenic bacterium that causes diarrhea and emetic types of diseases throughout the world. Recent advances show that bacteriophages become important tools in detection and control of foodborne bacterial pathogens in foods. They gain the interest of researchers for the food industries mainly because they are...
Tue, 05/18/2021 - 12:00
A 57-year-old man with a medical history notable for hypertension presented with 10 days of blue skin discoloration on the bilateral arms and trunk. The discoloration was asymptomatic without any associated pain or itch. His medications included hydrochlorothiazide, olmesartan, and amlodipine with no new medications or exposures. A review of systems was unremarkable. Physical examination revealed...
Thu, 05/13/2021 - 16:00
Pythium myriotylum is a notorious soil-borne oomycete that causes post-emergence damping-off in chili pepper. Of various disease management strategies, utilization of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) in disease suppression and plant growth promotion is an interesting strategy. The present study was performed to isolate and characterize PGPR indigenous to the chili rhizosphere in...
Fri, 05/07/2021 - 04:02
This study isolated Bacillus cereus from soft soybean curds and developed a dynamic model to describe the kinetic behavior of B. cereus isolates during transfer and storage. B. cereus were first isolated from soft soybean curds. A mixture of B. cereus isolates was then inoculated in soft soybean curd and the bacterial cell counts were enumerated during storage at 10-30°C. The B. cereus cell...
Thu, 04/29/2021 - 12:07
Author(s): Jung-Whan Chon, Kun-Ho Seo Enumeration of Bacillus cereus in ready-to-eat food with high background flora has been challenging due to the low selectivity and recoverability of the selective media. In this study, a new medium for detection of B. cereus was developed. This medium, B. cereus chromogenic agar (BCCA), contains an egg yolk emulsion for detection of lecithinase activity, a...
Thu, 04/22/2021 - 00:00
Bacillus cereus sensu stricto is an important pathogen causing food poisoning, as well as extraintestinal diseases. It presents a major challenge for the food industry, as it can easily be spread to different foods via crop plants and livestock. Furthermore, its ability to produce biofilms and spores makes B. cereus extremely resistant towards cleaning and disinfection procedures, as well as the...
Wed, 04/21/2021 - 02:02
Retail foodservice establishments (FSE) frequently utilize washes with sanitizing agents during fresh produce preparation. This study evaluated the efficacy of ozonated water on the inactivation of viruses, bacteria, and viruses in association with bacteria on produce surfaces. Boston bibb lettuce (BB) and cherry tomatoes were spot inoculated with viruses (murine norovirus (MNV) and MS2...
Fri, 04/09/2021 - 02:02
The diversity of 61 Bacillus cereus strains isolated from different clinical specimens, food including raw milk and milk products, and water was evaluated. PFGE analysis could discriminate 61 distinct pulsotypes with similarity levels from 25 to 82%, which were divided into 13 clonal complexes. The similarity between clonal complexes was at least 40%. Clinical strains were divided into 10 clonal...
Tue, 04/06/2021 - 02:02
Bacillus cereus is a human pathogenic bacterium that produces emetic and diarrheal foodborne diseases. This study evaluated the genetic and toxigenic diversity in B. cereus group isolates from powdered foods collected in public educational institutions, bakeries and powdered food companies located in Medellín, Colombia. B. cereus was detected in 35 of 305 (11%) powdered food samples and 52 B....
Fri, 04/02/2021 - 04:02
Bacillus cereus, which causes foodborne disease, is detected using selective media. However, competing flora is the most common factor preventing the correct enumeration of B. cereus on selective agars. In this study, we aimed to improve the selectivity of mannitol-yolk-polymyxin B agar (MYPA) and its modified version containing trimethoprim (mMYPA) developed in our previous study by...
Thu, 04/01/2021 - 00:00
The Hbl toxin is a three-component haemolytic complex produced by Bacillus cereus sensu lato strains and implicated as a cause of diarrhoea in B. cereus food poisoning. While the structure of the HblB component of this toxin is known, the structures of the other components are unresolved. Here, we describe the expression of the recombinant HblL1 component and the elucidation of its structure to 1...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 08:03
Bacillus cereus is a common foodborne pathogen that can cause both gastrointestinal and nongastrointestinal diseases. In this study, we collected 603 meat and meat products from 39 major cities in China. The positive contamination rate of B. cereus in the collected samples was 26.37% (159/603), and the contamination level in 5.03% (8/159) positive samples exceeded 1100 most probable number/g. The...
Thu, 03/25/2021 - 00:00
Bacillus cytotoxicus belongs to the Bacillus cereus group that also comprises the foodborne pathogen Bacillus cereus sensu stricto, Bacillus anthracis causing anthrax, as well as the biopesticide Bacillus thuringiensis. The first B. cytotoxicus was isolated in the context of a severe food poisoning outbreak leading to fatal cases of diarrheal disease. Subsequent characterization of the outbreak...
Tue, 03/23/2021 - 16:00
Decomposed organic materials, in combination with plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB), are environmentally friendly and reduce synthetic fertilizer use in rice production. A bio-organic fertilizer (BoF) was prepared using kitchen waste (79%), chita-dhan (unfilled rice grain) biochar (15%), rock phosphate (5%), and a consortium of 10 PGPB (1%) to supplement 30% nitrogen and to replace triple...
Thu, 03/18/2021 - 06:10
LWT
Author(s): Haiying Cui, Jingyu Lu, Changzhu Li, Lin Lin A novel controlled-release antibacterial nanofiber was fabricated by electrospinning to load eugenol@cationic starch nanoparticles (EG@CStNPs) into phospholipid nanofibers (EG@CSt/P nanofibers). Taking advantage of the phospholipase and amylase secreted by Bacillus cereus (B. cereus), the controlled release of eugenol in EG@CSt/P nanofibers...
Thu, 03/18/2021 - 04:02
Bacillus cereus is a Gram-positive endospore-forming foodborne pathogen that causes lethal food poisoning and significant economic losses, usually through biofilm- and endospore-induced recurrent cross- and postprocessing contamination. Due to the lack of critical inhibitory targets and control strategies, B. cereus biofilm contamination is a problem that urgently needs a solution. In this study...
Wed, 03/17/2021 - 08:02
Bacillus cereus is one of the most important spoilage microorganisms in milk. The heat-resistant protease produced is the main factor that causes rotten, bitter off-flavors and age gelation during the shelf-life of milk. In this study, 55 strains of B. cereus were evaluated, of which 25 strains with protease production ability were used to investigate proteolytic activity and protease heat...
Wed, 03/17/2021 - 04:02
Consumption of seaweeds, often categorized as a superfood, is becoming popular in western countries. Algae can be marketed fresh, but are usually sold dehydrated to ensure longer shelf life. The consumption, often as ready to eat, open up possible risks for public health because of foodborne pathogens that can contaminate the raw material during harvesting or manipulation. In this study, fourteen...
Wed, 03/10/2021 - 16:00
Bacillus toyonensis is a group of Gram-positive bacteria belonging to the Bacillus cereus group and used in some cases as probiotics or biocontrol agents. To our knowledge, B. toyonensis from the deep sea (depth >1,000 m) has not been documented. Here, we report the isolation and characterization of a B. toyonensis strain, P18, from a deep sea hydrothermal field. P18 is aerobic, motile, and...
Thu, 02/25/2021 - 16:00
Midgut microbiota can participate in the detoxification and metabolism processes in insects, but there are few reports on the relationship between midgut microbiota and insecticide resistance in mosquitoes. In this study, we performed metagenomic sequencing on a susceptible strain (SS), a field-collected Hainan strain (HN), and a deltamethrin-resistant strain (RR) of Culex pipiens...
Fri, 02/19/2021 - 16:00
Bacteria are the causative agents of numerous diseases. Ever increasing number of bacterial infections has generated the need to find new antibiotic materials and new ways to combat bacterial infections. Our study investigated Azadirachta indica (AI) as an alternate source of antibiotic compounds. Phytochemical and GC-MS analysis revealed presence of flavonoids, phenolic compounds, terpenoids and...
Wed, 02/17/2021 - 16:00
This study describes the simultaneous Bacillus cereus growth and cereulide formation, in culture medium and cereal-, dairy-, meat-, and vegetable-based food matrices. First, bacterial growth experiments were carried out under a wide range of temperatures (from 9 to 45°C), using the emetic reference strain F4810/72, in the above-mentioned matrices. Then, the generated data were put in a modeling...
Sat, 02/13/2021 - 08:05
Bacillus cereus is an important food-borne pathogenic bacteria and a putrid microorganism in the dairy industry. Raw and pasteurized buffalo milk play important roles in the dairy market in southwestern China. However, the reports on the prevalence and characterization of B. cereus strains isolated from the above sources are lacking. In this study, 150 raw buffalo milk samples and 300 pasteurized...
Wed, 02/10/2021 - 00:00
Bacillus cereus is a human pathogenic bacterium found in foods with the potential to cause emesis and diarrhea. This study estimated the presence, toxigenic and genomic diversity of B. cereus s.l. obtained from cassava starch samples collected in bakeries and powdered food companies in Medellín (Colombia). Bacillus cereuss.l. was found in 43 of 75 (57%) cassava starch samples and 98 isolates were...
Mon, 02/08/2021 - 00:00
Human breast milk (HBM) is a source of essential nutrients for infants and is particularly recommended for preterm neonates when their own mother’s milk is not available. It provides protection against infections and decreases necrotizing enterocolitis and cardiovascular diseases. Nevertheless, HBM spoilage can occur due to contamination by pathogens, and the risk of a shortage of HBM is very...
Fri, 02/05/2021 - 00:00
The emetic toxin cereulide is a 1.2 kDa dodecadepsipeptide produced by the food pathogen Bacillus cereus. As cereulide poses a serious health risk to humans, sensitive and specific detection, as well as toxin purification and quantification, methods are of utmost importance. Recently, a stable isotope dilution assay tandem mass spectrometry (SIDA–MS/MS)-based method has been described, and an...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 00:00
Bacillus cereus is a ubiquitous soil bacterium responsible for two types of food-associated gastrointestinal diseases. While the emetic type, a food intoxication, manifests in nausea and vomiting, food infections with enteropathogenic strains cause diarrhea and abdominal pain. Causative toxins are the cyclic dodecadepsipeptide cereulide, and the proteinaceous enterotoxins hemolysin BL (Hbl),...
Wed, 01/20/2021 - 22:13
The medicinal plants, like Alhagi maurorum, has received great attentions, especially by food scientists and manufacturers as natural food preservatives due to their antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. In this study, the effects of extracting solvents, namely, hexane, water and acetone, individually or in combination to each other according to especial cubic mixture design, as extracting...
Wed, 01/20/2021 - 04:02
Bacillus cereus is one of the important foodborne pathogens that can be found in various foodstuffs; causing diarrheal and/or emetic syndromes. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence, antimicrobial susceptibility profile, pathogenic potential, and genotypic diversity of B. cereus isolated from diverse food products from markets in Cairo, Egypt. A total of 39 out of 165 food samples were...
Tue, 01/12/2021 - 22:13
The antibacterial effect of volatile compounds in millets and cereal by‐products was investigated. Hexane extracts of rice bran (RB), corn cob (CC), green (GM), and yellow millets (YM) showed antibacterial activities against Escherichia coli ATCC 35150, Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579, Helicobacter pylori MH179991, and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 13150 with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)...
Tue, 01/12/2021 - 16:00
Members of the Bacillus cereus group are spore-forming organisms commonly associated with food poisoning and intestinal infections. Moreover, some strains of the group (i.e., B. cereus sensu stricto and Bacillus thuringiensis) can cause bacteremia in humans, mainly in immunocompromised individuals. Here we performed the genetic characterization of 17 human clinical strains belonging to B. cereus...
Mon, 01/11/2021 - 16:00
The lesser-known traditionally processed meat products such as beef kargyong, pork kargyong, satchu, and khyopeh are popular food items in the Himalayan state of Sikkim in India. The present study aimed to assess the microbiological safety of traditional meat products by identifying the potential spoilage or pathogenic bacteria, detecting the enterotoxins, and screening the antibiotic...
Thu, 01/07/2021 - 02:03
Abstract Main conclusion The presence of Bacillus cereus plays a key role in clubroot suppression and improves plant biomass in pak choi. B. cereus is reported for the first time as a novel biocontrol agent against clubroot. Abstract Plasmodiophora brassicae Woronin causes a devastating infectious disease known as clubroot that is damaging to cruciferous vegetables. This study aimed to isolate...
Wed, 01/06/2021 - 06:07
LWT
Author(s): Yiying Huang, Steve H. Flint, Shubo Yu, Yu Ding, Jon S. Palmer Bacillus cereus group (B. cereus sensu lato) are ubiquitously distributed in diverse environments. In this study, eight isolates including B. cereus, B. paranthracis and B. toyonensis species, from dairy and potato products, were assessed for biofilm formation, sporulation and genetic information including biofilm-related...
Wed, 12/30/2020 - 00:00
Avocado Hass (Persea americana Mill) peel extract (APE) has the potential as a natural ingredient to substitute for chemical preservatives. The objectives of this study were to assess the phytochemical composition by high-performance liquid chromatography–quadrupole time-of-flight mass/mass spectrometry (HPLC-qTOF-MS/MS), total phenolic content (TPC), proanthocyanidin (PAC) content, and...
Tue, 12/29/2020 - 06:11
LWT
Author(s): Hui Guo, Pengfei Yu, Shubo Yu, Juan Wang, Junhui Zhang, Ying Zhang, Xiyu Liao, Shi Wu, Qinghua Ye, Xiaojuan Yang, Tao Lei, Haiyan Zeng, Rui Pang, Jumei Zhang, Qingping Wu, Yu Ding Bacillus cereus is a well-known foodborne pathogen around the world and can be found in a variety of foods. However, few studies have been conducted to evaluate the risk of B. cereus in quick-frozen food in...
Wed, 12/23/2020 - 16:00
Flagellar motility is considered an important virulence factor in different pathogenic bacteria. In Listeria monocytogenes the transcriptional repressor MogR regulates motility in a temperature-dependent manner, directly repressing flagellar- and chemotaxis genes. The only other bacteria known to carry a mogR homolog are members of the Bacillus cereus group, which includes motile species such as...
Sun, 12/20/2020 - 00:00
Bacillus cereus is the fourth most common cause of foodborne illnesses that produces a variety of pore-forming proteins as the main pathogenic factors. B. cereus hemolysin II (HlyII), belonging to pore-forming β-barrel toxins, has a C-terminal extension of 94 amino acid residues designated as HlyIICTD. An analysis of a panel of monoclonal antibodies to the recombinant HlyIICTD protein...
Thu, 12/17/2020 - 22:13
Bacteria survive metal stress by several mechanisms and metal binding is one such mechanism which has been screened in the present study to investigate the survival strategies of metal resistant bacteria. The production of siderophores, a metal chelating agent, was detected by chrome azurol S agar assay. The changes in cell wall studied by analyzing the peptidoglycan and teichoic acid content...
Wed, 12/16/2020 - 22:12
Production and world consumption of spices are constantly increasing. Although the antimicrobial properties of some spices are well documented, their use in the agri‐food industry is also responsible for microbial contamination and spoilage. Bacterial spores introduced by spices can withstand different preparation processes, particularly thermal treatments, leading to food alterations during...
Tue, 12/15/2020 - 00:00
Bacteriophage endolysins have attracted attention as promising alternatives to antibiotics, and their modular structure facilitates endolysin engineering to develop novel endolysins with enhanced versatility. Here, we constructed hybrid proteins consisting of two different endolysins for simultaneous control of two critical foodborne pathogens, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus. The full-...
Mon, 12/14/2020 - 00:00
Native egg albumin (NEA) was isolated from hen eggs and hydrolyzed by pepsin to produce hydrolyzed egg albumin (HEA). HEA was chemically characterized and screened for its antibacterial activity against 10 pathogenic bacteria (6 Gram (+) and 4 Gram (−)). The SDS-PAGE pattern of NEA showed molecular weights of hen egg albumin subunits ranging from 30 to 180 kDa. The highest intensive...
Sun, 12/13/2020 - 04:01
Cysteine is a semiessential amino acid and plays an important role in metabolism and protein structure and has also been applied in various industrial fields, such as pharmaceutical, food, cosmetic, and animal feed industries. Metabolic engineering studies have been conducted for the cysteine production through bacterial fermentation, but studies on the cysteine biosynthetic pathway in...
Tue, 12/08/2020 - 22:11
This study aimed at evaluating the effects of a probiotic additive in productive performance and physiological parameters for Rhamdia quelen. The fish were fed diets containing increasing levels of the additive (0.15; 0.30; 0.45; and 0.60 g/kg of feed), which consisted of a blend of Bacillus cereus and B. subtilis, both at the concentration of 4 × 1011 CFU). Productive performance parameters were...
Tue, 12/01/2020 - 08:03
In this study, a new vancomycin (Van)-modified poly-l-lysine (PLL) magnetic bead (MB) technique was developed for isolation of gram-positive bacteria. The method combines magnetic separation with a multiplex PCR (mPCR) assay and gel electrophoresis for easy and rapid detection of Bacillus cereus. Vancomycin was used as a molecular ligand between the MB and the d-alanyl-d-alanine moieties on the...
Wed, 11/25/2020 - 08:02
by Anna V. Skorynina, Emma G. Piligrimova, Olesya A. Kazantseva, Vladislav A. Kulyabin, Svetlana D. Baicher, Natalya A. Ryabova, Andrey M. Shadrin Several bacterial species belonging to the Bacillus cereus group are known to be causative agents of food poisoning and severe human diseases. Bacteriophages and their lytic enzymes called endolysins have been widely shown to provide for a supplemental...

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