Escherichia coli O157:H7

Wed, 01/20/2021 - 22:13
Dates are a low moisture ready‐to‐eat fruit which are popular both globally and in the United States. The harvesting and post‐harvest handling of dates could result in the contamination of common produce‐associated foodborne pathogens including E. coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella spp. In this study, the efficacy of antimicrobial washes for the reduction of foodborne pathogen...
Wed, 01/20/2021 - 10:02
During passage through the human gastrointestinal tract, enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) is exposed to membrane-damaging bile in the small intestine. We previously reported that EHEC treatment with a physiological bile salt mixture upregulates basRS, encoding a two-component system, and arnBCADTEF, encoding the aminoarabinose lipid A modification pathway (J. V. Kus, A. Gebremedhin, V....
Wed, 01/20/2021 - 04:02
Wine and alcoholic apple cider are commonly back-sweetened with unpasteurized juice to produce fresh, natural, and palatable sweetened alcoholic beverages. Foodborne pathogens may be introduced from unpasteurized juice into alcoholic beverages through this back-sweetening process. Although pathogens generally do not survive under low pH conditions or high alcohol environment, the die-off of these...
Fri, 01/08/2021 - 02:02
Due to the relatively high tolerance and resistance to sanitizers, biofilms can persist in the environment resulting in cross-contamination. The overall goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of nanobubbles (NB) alone and in combination with neutral electrolyzed water (NEW) on different microbial biofilms including Escherichia coli O157:H7, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and Listeria innocua on...
Wed, 01/06/2021 - 02:02
In this study, a real-time loop-mediated isothermal amplification (Rti-LAMP) combined with immunomagnetic beads separation (IMS) and ethidium bromide monoazide (EMA) treatment was developed for the rapid and ultrasensitive detection of viable Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7 in milk without enrichment. Polyclonal antibodies against E. coli O157:H7 flagellum and specific immunomagnetic beads (...
Tue, 01/05/2021 - 10:03
ABSTRACT The large intestinal pathogen enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 detects host cues to regulate virulence gene expression during colonization and infection. However, virulence regulatory mechanisms of EHEC O157:H7 in the human large intestine are not fully understood. Herein, we identified a virulence-regulating pathway where the PhoQ/PhoP two-component regulatory system...
Tue, 01/05/2021 - 10:02
Subcutaneous vaccination of cattle for enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 reduces the magnitude and duration of fecal shedding, but the often-required, repeated cattle restraint can increase costs, deterring adoption by producers. In contrast, live oral vaccines may be repeatedly administered in feed, without animal restraint. We investigated whether oral immunization with live stx-...
Fri, 12/11/2020 - 04:02
Once pathogens are internalized in fresh produce, they pose a challenging food safety issue since they are not effectively inactivated by conventional rinsing or sanitization. To protect food safety and public health, the objectives were to examine internalized levels of foodborne pathogens in different types of fresh produce and to investigate the effectiveness of photocatalytically enhanced...
Wed, 12/02/2020 - 22:11
Journal of Applied Microbiology, Accepted Article. This study evaluated the effects of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (B. amyloliquefaciens) TL106 isolated from Tibetan pigs’ feces, on the growth performance, immune response, intestinal barrier function, morphology of jejunum, cecum and colon, and gut microbiota in the mice with enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC)‐induced intestinal diseases.
Wed, 12/02/2020 - 16:00
Acid treatment is commonly used for controlling or killing pathogenic microorganisms on medical devices and environments; however, inadequate acid treatment may cause acid tolerance response (ATR) and offer cr...
Wed, 11/25/2020 - 10:01
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) strains, including E. coli O157:H7, cause severe illness in humans due to the production of Shiga toxin (Stx) and other virulence factors. Because Stx is coregulated with lambdoid prophage induction, its expression is especially susceptible to environmental cues. Infections with Stx-producing E. coli can be difficult to model due to the wide range of...
Tue, 11/24/2020 - 22:16
The incidence of foodborne diseases has continuingly increased over the years and resulted in public health problem globally. Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7) is a human pathogen that causes diarrhea and hemorrhagic colitis. E. coli O157:H7 can be found in various foods. It is important to detect this foodborne pathogen to provide safe food supply. A lot of methods,...
Sat, 11/21/2020 - 16:00
Manure application and sewage irrigation release many intestinal pathogens into the soil. After being introduced into the soil matrix, pathogens are commonly found to attach to soil minerals. Although the surv...
Wed, 11/18/2020 - 22:16
Pathogenic bacterial contamination is a serious problem for the food industry and in public health. Rapid, accurate and affordable testing for pathogenic bacterial strains is desirable. In this study, a competition visual antigen macroarray (CVAM) for rapid detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7) has been developed. This array was able to utilize an HRP‐labeled anti‐E. coli O157:...
Mon, 11/16/2020 - 22:21
A six‐strain mixture of E. coli O157:H7 was exposed to 0 to 9 min of six treatments: (i) hydrostatic pressure (400 MPa) at 4 °C; (ii) hydrostatic pressure and thymol at 4 °C; (iii) thymol at 4 °C; (iv) heat at 40 °C; (v) hydrostatic pressure at 40 °C; and (vi) hydrostatic pressure and thymol at 40 °C. Pressure intensity level of 400 MPa and thymol concentration of 0.15% (w/v) were used for the...
Mon, 11/09/2020 - 22:21
A novel, label‐free, bidirectional lateral flow immunoassay strip that detected E. coli O157:H7 in food was developed, and it has good specificity, sensitivity, stability, and practicality. The low‐cost and low‐difficulty development of the strip rapid detection technology, which requires neither nano‐labeling materials nor heavily relies on antibodies, may be easier to realize commercialization...
Sun, 11/08/2020 - 04:02
ABSTRACT While high temperature heat treatments can efficiently reduce pathogen levels, they also affect the quality and nutritional profile of foods, as well as increase the cost of processing. The food additive butyl para-hydroxybenzoate (BPB) was investigated for its potential to synergistically enhance the thermal inactivation at mild heating temperatures (54 – 58 ºC). Four foodborne...
Fri, 11/06/2020 - 22:15
Aims To analyze the non‐glycosylated protein fraction from Melipona beecheii honey for antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli O157:H7. Methods and Results The proteins from M. beecheii honey were separated according to their degree of glycosylation using Concanavalin A‐affinity chromatography. The total protein extract and its fractions were analyzed by 1D and 2D electrophoresis. We also...
Fri, 11/06/2020 - 16:00
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is regarded as one of the most harmful pathogenic microorganisms related to foodborne diseases. This paper proposes a rapid-detection biosensor for the sensitive and quantitative analysis of E. coli O157:H7 in biological samples by surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-based lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA). A novel gold-shell silica-core (SiO2/Au) nanosphere (NP) with...
Wed, 10/28/2020 - 04:02
Many foodborne pathogens including E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica can develop biofilms on contact surfaces at meat processing plants. Due to the high tolerance of the biofilm cells associated with the 3-dimensional biofilm structure and the well-expressed bacterial polymeric extracellular substances (EPS), it is a real challenge to completely inactivate and remove mature biofilms as well...
Sun, 10/25/2020 - 00:00
The emergence of multidrug resistant microorganisms represents a global challenge due to the lack of new effective antimicrobial agents. In this sense, essential oils (EOs) are an alternative to be considered because of their anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antibacterial, and antibiofilm biological activities. Therefore, multiple efforts have been made to consider the potential use of EOs in the...
Fri, 10/23/2020 - 16:00
We compared genomes from multiple isolations of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 from the same patient, in cases notified to Public Health England (PHE) between 2015 and 2019. There were 261 cases where multiple isolates were sequenced from the same patient comprising 589 isolates. Serial isolates from the same patient fell within five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)...
Wed, 10/21/2020 - 16:00
In December 2015, six cases of Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 stx2a/stx2c phage type (PT) 24 were identified by the national gastrointestinal disease surveillance system at Public Health England (PHE). Frozen grated coconut imported from India was implicated as the vehicle of infection. Short and long read sequencing data were interrogated for genomic markers to...
Fri, 09/11/2020 - 22:17
Aims To identify and evaluate the application of two novel monoclonal antibody (mAb) 2G12 against outer membrane protein (Omp) C and mAb 12B1 targeting the O chain of the lipopolysaccharides (LPS) of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (ECO157). Methods and Results The sensitivity and specificity of these two antibodies were evaluated with eight ECO157 strains and 68 untargeted strains. mAb 2G12 and 12B1...
Thu, 09/10/2020 - 08:04
L. Byrne et al. Signs and symptoms of Shiga toxin–producing Escherichia coli (STEC) serogroup O157:H7 infection range from mild gastrointestinal to bloody diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). We assessed the association between Shiga toxin gene (stx) subtype and disease severity for »3,000 patients with STEC O157:H7 in England during 2009–2019. Odds of bloody diarrhea, HUS, or both, were...
Wed, 09/09/2020 - 08:02
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a direct-fed microbial (DFM) product in reducing fecal shedding of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in finishing commercial feedlot cattle in Kansas (KS) and Nebraska (NE). Utilizing a randomized complete block design within the feedlot (KS, n = 1; NE, n = 1), cattle were randomly allocated to 20 pens, grouped in blocks of two based on...
Sun, 09/06/2020 - 22:17
Aim To study the impact of incorporating micro‐nano‐bubbles (MNBs) in commonly used food antimicrobials (AMs) against Escherichia coli O157:H7 (EC) and Listeria monocytogenes (LM). Methods and Results Air, carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen (N2) were used to incorporate MNBs in city water. Nine‐milliliter AM solutions (with or without MNBs) were individually taken into sterile test‐tubes and mixed...
Tue, 08/18/2020 - 22:19
Escherichia coli O157:H7 entered into the Viable but Non Culturable (VBNC) state under salinity stress of 10 and 30% during production of salted silver carp. VBNC E. coli O157:H7 induced by NaCl stress during salted fish production continued to express its pathogenic genes of stx1, stx2, eae and hly. Abstract Many bacteria including Escherichia coli can enter into the viable but non‐culturable (...
Tue, 08/18/2020 - 22:19
A microfluidic device was applied to enumerate Escherichia coli O157:H7 cells in lettuce and beef samples. E. coli O157:H7 inoculated in lettuce and beef were collected with high efficiency by using filtration or two‐step centrifugation. This method could quantify target microbial cells within 1 hr. Abstract Quality assurance is one of the fundamental ways of preventing infections from foodborne...
Wed, 08/12/2020 - 22:20
Escherichia coli O157:H7, a causative agent of haemolytic uremic syndrome, can enter into a viable but non‐culturable (VBNC) state in response to harsh stress. Bacteria in this state can retain membrane integrity, metabolic activity and virulence expression, which may present health risks. However, virulence expression and resuscitation ability of the VBNC state are not well understood. Here, we...
Thu, 08/06/2020 - 22:14
Applications of whey protein concentrate (WPC) based films have been limited in the food industry due to their poor mechanical properties. This research aims to evaluate the effect of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesized by Aspergillus niger on the mechanical and antimicrobial properties of WPC based films. The biosynthesized AgNPs solution was added into the WPC film formula at the...
Fri, 07/31/2020 - 16:00
Agricultural soil contaminated by manure is becoming an important source for the transmission of foodborne pathogens. There is an urgent need for a rapid and accurate method for viable pathogen detection in agricultural soil samples. Propidium monoazide (PMA) is a DNA-binding dye that can inhibit the amplification of DNA from dead cells through subsequent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (...
Thu, 07/16/2020 - 10:02
Several outbreaks of Escherichia coli O157:H7 associated with contaminated leafy green vegetables have been documented. Here, we report the draft genome sequences of 14 strains isolated from human patients in the state of Wisconsin during a multistate outbreak in early 2018 that was linked to consumption of romaine lettuce.
Wed, 07/08/2020 - 22:16
Efficacy of N‐Halamine on Foodborne Pathogens Abstract A major concern of the cattle industry is cross‐contamination of meat with pathogens. Cattle are exposed to fecal material, mud, and other contaminants which harbor pathogens that can be shed onto meat and meat processing equipment. Due to increased chances of meat contamination during processing, new antimicrobial formulations for carcass...
Wed, 07/08/2020 - 00:00
Antimicrobial peptides constitute an excellent alternative against conventional antibiotics because of their potent antimicrobial spectrum, unspecific action mechanism and low capacity to produce antibiotic resistance. However, a potential use of these biological molecules as therapeutic agents is threatened by their low stability and susceptibility to proteases. In order to overcome these...
Sat, 06/27/2020 - 08:02
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is an extremely serious foodborne pathogen accounting for a vast number of hospitalizations. In this system, a simple, rapid, and safe compound method was developed based on carbonyl iron powder (CIP) and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT). Then, the CIP@MWCNT-based aptasensor was constructed by strong π-stacking between nanocomposite and aptamer, single-strand DNA,...
Fri, 06/26/2020 - 04:02
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) O157:H7 in colon content and on carcasses from pigs slaughtered at provincially licensed abattoirs (PLAs) in Alberta. In 2017, carcass sponge samples and colon content samples were collected from 504 healthy market hogs at thirty-nine PLAs and analyzed for E. coli O157:H7. Carcass samples...
Mon, 06/22/2020 - 22:17
In August 2018, Public Health England (PHE) was made aware of five probable cases of Shiga toxin‐producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 among individuals reporting participation in a mud‐based obstacle race. An additional four cases, identified via routine whole‐genome sequencing, were subsequently linked to the same event. Two of the nine cases were due to secondary household transmission....
Fri, 06/19/2020 - 02:02
Sodium hypochlorite has been used in the food industry to reduce microbial contamination in food; however, the use of sodium hypochlorite is insufficient considering the human health hazards and environmental pollution. To overcome this issue, plant-derived antimicrobial agents have been developed. In our previous study, Cudrania tricuspidata leaf extract (0.4%) was used to wash fresh vegetables...
Tue, 06/16/2020 - 16:00
As a common foodborne pathogen, Escherichia coli O157:H7 produces toxins causing serious diseases. However, traditional methods failed in detecting E. coli O157:H7 cells in the viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state, which poses a threat to food safety. This study aimed at investigating the formation, control, and detection of the VBNC state of E. coli O157:H7. Three factors including medium,...
Fri, 06/05/2020 - 03:38
Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 is an enteric pathogen that causes life-threatening disease in humans, with cattle being major natural reservoirs. A group of STEC O157:H7 with a dramatic combination of high virulence potentials and super-shedder bovine origin have been isolated. Here, an STEC O157:H7 isolate, JEONG-1266, was analyzed by comparative genomics, stx...
Fri, 05/29/2020 - 03:51
This study aimed to identify a suitable non-pathogenic surrogate for industrial validation of the irradiation process by high energy electron beam (5 MeV) of dried seeds. Pumpkin seeds and flax seeds were contaminated with a five-strain Salmonella cocktail comprising five different serovars or a two-strain Escherichia coli cocktail comprising pathogenic strains, including E. coli O157:H7....
Fri, 05/29/2020 - 03:38
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a common harmful foodborne pathogen that can cause severe diseases at low infectious doses. Traditional lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) for the rapid screening of E. coli O157:H7 in food suffers from low sensitivity due to its dependence on 20- to 40-nm gold nanoparticles (AuNP) with insufficient brightness as labels. To address this issue, we reported for the first...
Thu, 05/28/2020 - 03:49
Bacteriophage therapy is acknowledged as a potential tool to prevent or treat multidrug resistant bacterial infections. In this study, our major focus was on the bacteriolytic activity of phage EcSw (ΦEcSw) against the emergence of the clinically important Escherichia coli Sw1 and E. coli O157:H7. The amount of the antibiotics were changed in a concentration dependent manner and the ΦEcSw...
Tue, 05/19/2020 - 03:49
More efficient sampling and detection methods of pathogens on fresh produce are needed. The purpose of this study was to compare a novel rinse/membrane filtration method (RMFM) to a more traditional sponge rubbing or stomaching method in processing jalapeño peppers and cantaloupe samples for detection of Escherichia coli , Salmonella enterica , and Listeria monocytogenes . For jalapeño peppers...
Tue, 05/19/2020 - 03:40
Soil microbial communities are often not resistant to the impact caused by microbial invasions, both in terms of structure and functionality, but it remains unclear whether these changes persist over time. Here we used 3 strains of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7), a species used for modelling bacterial invasions, to evaluate the resilience of the bacterial communities from four Chinese...
Sat, 05/16/2020 - 03:36
Treatments of wastewater and fresh produce commonly employ chlorine as an antimicrobial. However, there are increasing levels of concerns regarding the safety and antimicrobial efficacy of chlorine treatments. Numerous studies have reported the antimicrobial properties of chlorine dioxide (ClO2) treatment in a variety of applications but information regarding how ClO2 affects bacteria is limited...
Thu, 05/07/2020 - 03:41
PDT is an emerging new antimicrobial technology, which uses a combination of photosensitizers and light. This study, for the first time, demonstrated that ERY (Red No. 3)‐mediated PDT can be an alternative antimicrobial treatment strategy to the conventional treatments used in tomato juice. Abstract The objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of erythrosine B (ERY, Red No. 3)‐...
Fri, 05/01/2020 - 03:38
Aims The objective of the study was to determine levels of Escherichia coli O157:H7 colonization in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of naturally‐shedding cattle shedding the pathogen at low‐ or super‐shedder levels. Methods and Results Over two years, feedlot cattle were sampled multiple times for faecal shedding of E. coli O157:H7. Just prior to harvest (1 to 2 days), animals that were super‐...

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