Staphylococcus aureus

Wed, 10/21/2020 - 00:00
Ocellatins are peptides produced in the skins of frogs belonging to the genus Leptodactylus that generally display weak antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative bacteria only. Peptidomic analysis of norepinephrine-stimulated skin secretions from Leptodactylus insularum Barbour 1906 and Leptodactylus nesiotus Heyer 1994, collected in the Icacos Peninsula, Trinidad, led to the purification and...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 02:03
This paper describes a novel strategy based on fluorescence energy transfer (FRET) with green synthesis of carbon quantum dots (CQDs) and gold nanoparticles (GNPs) for the detection of one of the most pathogenic bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). Novel green CQDs with blue color emission and high quantum yield were synthesized from olive leaves via the hydrothermal method. The...
Tue, 10/13/2020 - 22:19
P. hydropiper ethanolic extract: Chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid, rutin, myricetin andquercetin. P. hydropiper essential oil: dodecanal, caryophyllene, caryophyllene oxide, decanal, α‐caryophyllene, citronellol, heptadecanal, linalool and phytol. Ethanolic extract and essential oil of P. hydropiper exhibited antimicrobial activity against three bacteria Staphylococcus aureus 6538P, Escherichia...
Sun, 10/11/2020 - 06:15
Author(s): David Lynch, Colin Hill, Des Field, Máire Begley Natural methods to control food pathogens are required and bacteriocins have received much interest in this regard. The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of the novel bacteriocin capidermicin to inhibit Listeria monocytogenes. Agar-based deferred antagonism assays were carried out with the capidermicin producer against 17...
Sat, 10/10/2020 - 22:17
Carvacrol has been recognized as an efficient growth inhibitor of food pathogens. However, carvacrol oil is poorly water‐soluble and can be oxidized, decomposed or evaporated when exposed to the air, light, or heat. To overcome these limitations, a carvacrol nanoemulsion was developed and its antimicrobial activity against food pathogens evaluated in this study. The nanoemulsion containing 3%...
Fri, 10/09/2020 - 22:18
Contamination of ready‐to‐eat (RTE) foods by pathogenic bacteria may predispose consumers to foodborne diseases. This study investigated the presence of bacterial contaminants and their antibiotic susceptibility patterns in three locally processed RTE foods (eko, fufu and zobo) vended in urban markets in Ogun state, Nigeria. Bacteria isolated from a total of 120 RTE food samples were identified...
Fri, 10/09/2020 - 22:18
A triplex‐PCR assay was developed and evaluated for rapid detection of methicillin‐resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) recovered from various biological samples of pig. Three sets of primers were designed to target mecA, 16S rRNA and nuc genes of MRSA. The specific amplification generated 3 bands on agarose gel, with sizes 280 bp for mecA, 654 bp for 16S rRNA and 481 bp for nuc, respectively....
Fri, 10/09/2020 - 22:16
Concerning potential food safety and/or public health risks raised by viable but non‐culturable (VBNC) state bacteria, factors affecting its occurrence during thermosonication were summarised. The relative ratios of Salmonella and Escherichia coli in the VBNC state were higher than that of Staphylococcus aureus, suggesting that the tested gram‐negative bacteria would be more likely to survive in...
Fri, 10/09/2020 - 08:03
The objective of this study was to investigate the occurrence and distribution of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) on 20 German dairy farms. Farms were selected based on previous MRSA reports from phenotypic susceptibility testing of mastitis pathogens. Samples were collected from predefined groups of cows, young stock, farm personnel, and the environment. A high MRSA-positive...
Thu, 10/08/2020 - 22:20
Co‐microencapsulation of lactobacilli cell free and propolis extract inhibited bacterial growth considerably. Abstract Cell free extracts (CFE) obtained from Lactobacillus plantarum FI 8595 and Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC 55730 alone or in combination with propolis ethanolic or water extracts (1%) were microencapsulated with maltodextrin (25%) before the subsequent spray drying process. They were...
Wed, 10/07/2020 - 02:04
The aims of this study are to evaluate phytochemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of different solvent-assisted blood fruit pulp extracts. The extracts of blood fruit were prepared with various solvents namely, water, ethyl acetate, methanol and acetone. These extracts were divided into two groups, first group of extract were thermosonicated (treated) and the second group...
Tue, 10/06/2020 - 04:02
Next-generation treatment strategies to treat osteomyelitis with complete eradication of pathogen at the bone nidus and prevention of emergence of drug resistance is a real challenge in orthopedics. Conventional treatment strategies including long-term adherence of patients to systemic antibiotic delivery, local delivery using nondegradable vehicles, and surgical debridement are not completely...
Tue, 10/06/2020 - 00:00
The breeding of meat rabbits is an important sector in the livestock industry in Italy. The focus of this study was to describe the antibiotic resistance profile distribution among the Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus isolated in a rabbit farm. From 400 animals of different ages and three farm workers, 96 randomly selected strains isolated from various anatomical sites and lesions were...
Fri, 10/02/2020 - 16:00
Actinomycetes in extreme alpine habitat have attracted much attention due to their unique physiological activities and functions. However, little is known about their ecological distribution and diversity. Here, we explored the phylogenetic relationship and physiological heterogeneity of cultivable actinomycetes from near-root soils of different plant communities in the Laohu Ditch (2200 – 4200 m...
Fri, 10/02/2020 - 04:02
Growing consumer desires for clean label, “natural” products drives more meat processors to cure meat products with natural sources of nitrate or nitrite such as celery juice powder (CJP). One particular challenge for these producers is to identify safe cooling rates in CJP-cured products where extended cooling could allow growth of pathogens. USDA FSIS recently added guidelines for stabilization...
Fri, 10/02/2020 - 00:00
Multidrug-resistant pathogens pose a serious threat to human health. For decades, the antibiotic vancomycin has been a potent option when treating Gram-positive multidrug-resistant infections. Nonetheless, in recent decades, we have begun to see an increase in vancomycin-resistant bacteria. Here, we show that the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) inhibitor N-[3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl...
Thu, 10/01/2020 - 08:04
by Huaicheng Zhang, Aimin Li, Kaiqin Bian, Shanqi Shen, Peng Shi The antibacterial effects of quaternary ammonium resins (QARs) have been reported for decades, but there are few practical applications because of limited improvements in bactericidal capacity and the absence of an efficient antibacterial-indicating parameter. An in-situ determination method of surficial N+ groups for QARs, defined...
Thu, 10/01/2020 - 00:00
The overall aim of the current study was to test the hypotheses that (i) antibiotic resistance in bacteria were more frequent in clinically health pigs in intensified company owned, medium-scale farms (MSFs) (100–500 sows) than in pigs in family-owned, small-scale farms (SSFs) (1–50 sows) and (ii) that farmers working at the MSFs were more prone to attain antibiotic resistant...
Wed, 09/30/2020 - 16:00
The emergence of multidrug-resistant bacteria constitutes a significant public health issue worldwide. Consequently, there is an urgent clinical need for novel treatment solutions. It has been shown in vitro that phenothiazines can act as adjuvants to antibiotics whereby the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the antibiotic is decreased. However, phenothiazines do not perform well in vivo...
Tue, 09/29/2020 - 16:00
Livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) is a major concern in many parts of the world, including Pakistan. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of MRSA in slaughterhouses and meat shops in Rawalpindi-Islamabad, Pakistan, 2018–2019. A total of 300 samples were collected: 40 from each of working area, tools (knives, hooks), butcher hands and...
Tue, 09/29/2020 - 08:04
by Angela Mercedes Raba-Páez, João Otávio D. Malafatti, Carlos Arturo Parra-Vargas, Elaine Cristina Paris, Miryam Rincón-Joya Copper oxide (CuO) has been broadly used in different technological and biological applications. However, based on the literature review, there are few reports describing the synthesis of tungsten doped copper oxide and its biological applications, although CuO and W (...
Tue, 09/29/2020 - 02:03
Methicillin-resistant staphylococci (MRS) are important antimicrobial-resistant pathogens in sepsis. Conventional blood cultures take 24–72 h. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methods give faster results (2–3 h) but need expensive thermal cyclers. We therefore developed an isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) combined with lateral flow dipstick (LFD) assay for rapid...
Tue, 09/29/2020 - 00:00
Bacteria often show resistance against antibiotics due to various mechanisms such as the expression of efflux pumps, biofilm formation, or bacterial quorum sensing (QS) controls. For successful therapy, the discovery of alternative agents is crucial. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efflux pump, anti-biofilm, and QS inhibiting, as well as antibacterial effects of 2-...
Tue, 09/29/2020 - 00:00
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) harboring the type-IX staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) has been found in pigs and humans in Northern Thailand. However, knowledge of the prevalence and acquisition risk factors of this MRSA strain among swine production personnel (SPP) are needed. The nasal swab samples and data were collected from 202 voluntary SPP and 31 swine...
Sat, 09/26/2020 - 04:02
The study evaluated the antimicrobial and antioxidant effects of the combinations of nisin (NS), tea polyphenols (TP), rosemary extract (RE) and chitosan (CS) on low-temperature chicken sausage. An orthogonal test revealed that the most effective antimicrobial compositions were equal-quantity mixtures of 0.05% NS + 0.05% TP + 0.03% RE + 0.55% CS . The mixture also produced strong antimicrobial...
Fri, 09/25/2020 - 16:00
Macrophages participate to the first line of defense against infectious agents. Microbial pathogens evolved sophisticated mechanisms to escape macrophage killing. Here, we review recent discoveries and emerging concepts on bacterial molecular strategies to subvert macrophage immune responses. We focus on the expanding number of fascinating subversive tools developed by Listeria monocytogenes,...
Fri, 09/25/2020 - 08:02
Staphylococcus aureus is a common foodborne pathogen that is ubiquitous in nature. Consumption of contaminated foods, such as dairy products, can lead to food poisoning caused by heat-stable staphylococcal toxins that are not easily destroyed during pasteurization. The objective of this study was to investigate the growth kinetics of S. aureus and background microorganisms in camel milk stored at...
Thu, 09/24/2020 - 16:00
Globally, foodborne diseases (FBDs) result in millions of sicknesses and deaths annually. Cumulative evidence suggests that the use of probiotic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains could be a viable alternative in inhibiting the activities of foodborne pathogens. This study aims to evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial, cytotoxic, and tolerance levels of Lactobacillus bulgaricus KLDS 1.0207 against...
Wed, 09/23/2020 - 22:22
This study reports outbreak of a new disease caused by Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (S. pseudintermedius) in Raccoon dogs. The disease occurred in a breeding farm of raccoon dogs in Guan County of Shandong Province in China in August of 2019. 47% (425/896) of the raccoon dogs showed some abnormal symptoms; 17.6% (75/425) of which had sever skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs), dyspnea and...
Tue, 09/22/2020 - 10:02
Staphylococcus argenteus infection was initially described in Aboriginal patients in the Northern Territories of Australia as a predominant cause of skin infections and is rare outside Southeast Asia. A first well-characterized case of S. argenteus infection has now been described in the United States, involving a recurrent hemodialysis catheter infection, in which unstable daptomycin resistance...
Tue, 09/22/2020 - 00:00
DMPC-10A (ALWKKLLKK-Cha-NH2) is a 10-mer peptide derivative from the N-terminal domain of Dermaseptin-PC which has shown broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity as well as a considerable hemolytic effect. In order to reduce hemolytic activity and improve stability to endogenous enzymes, a D-amino acid enantiomer (DMPC-10B) was designed by substituting all L-Lys and L-Leu with their respective D-...
Sun, 09/20/2020 - 00:00
Antibiotic treatments initiated on Emergency Departments (ED) are empirical. Therefore, knowledge of local susceptibility patterns is important. Despite this, data on expected pathogens and their resistance profile are scarce from EDs internationally. The study aim was to assess the epidemiology and resistance patterns of bacterial isolates from a tertiary-care ED over 5 years, focusing on ESKAPE...
Sat, 09/19/2020 - 00:00
The reassessment of known but neglected natural compounds is a vital strategy for providing novel lead structures urgently needed to overcome antimicrobial resistance. Scaffolds with resistance-breaking properties represent the most promising candidates for a successful translation into future therapeutics. Our study focuses on chelocardin, a member of the atypical tetracyclines, and its...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 10:02
Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) occurring after artificial joint replacement is a major clinical issue requiring multiple surgeries and antibiotic interventions. Staphylococcus aureus is the bacterium most commonly responsible for PJI. Recent in vitro research has shown that staphylococcal strains rapidly form aggregates in the presence of synovial fluid (SF). We hypothesize that these...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 00:00
Antibiotic resistance has been reported since the 1940s in both human and veterinary medicine. Many years of monitoring milk samples in South Africa led to identification of a novel maltose-negative Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) strain, which appears to be an emerging pathogen. In this study, the susceptibility of this strain to antibiotics was evaluated over time, during diverse seasons in...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 22:20
Free radicals produced during oxidation on the one hand and food contaminated with food source microorganisms on the other hand are serious threats to human health which increase the need to use natural compounds to replace synthetic and chemical substances used. In the present study, the antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of the cinnamon extract was investigated during hamburger meat storage...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 16:00
Staphylococcus aureus is an opportunistic bacterium of the human body and a leading cause of nosocomial infections. Methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infections involving biofilm lead to higher mortality and morbidity in patients. Biofilm causes serious clinical issues, as it mitigates entry of antimicrobials to reach the etiological agents. It plays an important role in resilient chronic...
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 16:00
PurposeLefamulin is a novel antibiotic approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 2019 for the treatment of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP). In this study we evaluated the in vitro antimicrobial activity of lefamulin in order to better understand its antibiogram.MethodsThe test strains were isolated from patients across China during the period from 2017 to 2019, including...
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 06:14
Author(s): Shen Yang, Jian Li, Jude Juventus Aweya, Zijin Yuan, Wuyin Weng, Yueling Zhang, Guang-Ming Liu Antimicrobial peptides are being explored for use as food preservatives to prevent foodborne diseases. In this study, bioinformatics tools were used to screen potential antimicrobial amino acid sequences from the whey acidic protein (WAP) of large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea). A novel...
Tue, 09/15/2020 - 16:01
In this work, we report the isolation and detailed functional characterization for the new non-ribosomally synthesized antibiotic 5812-A/C, which was derived from metabolites of Streptomyces roseoflavus INA-Ac-5812. According to its chemical structure, the studied 5812-A/C preliminary is composed of a cyclic peptide part covalently bounded with an arabinose residue. N-terminal amino acid...
Tue, 09/15/2020 - 16:01
Background: We conducted this retrospective study to reveal the accuracy of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) for diagnosing osteoarticular infections from fresh abscess specimens obtained from patients in an HIV-naive population.Methods: We retrospectively analyzed hospital records at three participating TB-specialized hospitals for patients admitted with suggestive diagnoses of...
Sat, 09/12/2020 - 04:02
Bacterial foodborne diseases are one of the most important public health issues worldwide but in Ecuador reports on the microbiological quality of foods are scarce. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 450 samples of high-demand Ecuadorian food, including bolon, encebollado, sauces, ceviche, fruits, fruit juices, fruit salads, cheese, raw chicken and ground beef were collected from popular...
Fri, 09/11/2020 - 08:03
Non-aureus staphylococci (NAS) are predominantly isolated from bovine milk samples of quarters suffering from subclinical mastitis. They are also abundantly present on dairy cows' teat apices and can be recovered from bovine fecal samples, as recently described. Differences in ecology, epidemiology, effect on udder health, and virulence or protective traits have been reported among the species...
Thu, 09/10/2020 - 16:00
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) airways favor abnormal microbial development. Infections are considered as polymicrobial and competition can be observed between microorganisms. The current literature on bacterial competition in CF mostly consists of studies with limited numbers of strains, mainly focused on the major pathogens Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) and Staphylococcus aureus (Sa) and does not give a...
Thu, 09/10/2020 - 16:00
BackgroundFebrile illness is the commonest cause of hospitalization in children <5 years in sub-Saharan Africa, and bacterial bloodstream infections and malaria are major causes of death.MethodsFrom March 2017 to July 2018, we enrolled 2,226 children aged 0–5 years hospitalized due to fever in four major public hospitals of Dar es Salaam, namely, Amana, Temeke, and Mwananyamala Regional...
Thu, 09/10/2020 - 10:04
ABSTRACT Multiple epidemiological studies identify Dolosigranulum pigrum as a candidate beneficial bacterium based on its positive association with health, including negative associations with nasal/nasopharyngeal colonization by the pathogenic species Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae. Using a multipronged approach to gain new insights into D. pigrum function, we observed...
Wed, 09/09/2020 - 00:00
Grapefruit and lemon pectin obtained from the respective waste citrus peels via hydrodynamic cavitation in water only are powerful, broad-scope antimicrobials against Gram-negative and -positive bacteria. Dubbed IntegroPectin, these pectic polymers functionalized with citrus flavonoids and terpenes show superior antimicrobial activity when compared to commercial citrus pectin. Similar to...
Wed, 09/09/2020 - 00:00
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has emerged as a major threat to public health. This study investigated the occurrence of MRSA in humans, chickens, chicken meat and environmental samples within poultry farms and live bird markets in southwestern Nigeria. Methods: MRSA were isolated using selective culture and tested for antimicrobial susceptibility by broth microdilution....
Tue, 09/08/2020 - 16:00
Litsea cubeba L. essential oil (LCEO) is a natural essential oil with considerable antimicrobial activity, and it can gradually replace some chemical additives in the food industry. However, the genetic evidences of stress response of bacteria under sub-lethal treatment with LCEO is limited. To this end, transcriptomic analysis of Staphylococcus aureus 29213 under a low concentration of LCEO was...
Tue, 09/08/2020 - 00:00
Peritonitis caused by Staphylococcusaureus is of major importance in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients due to its great virulence profile and biofilm formation ability. Bacteriophages are a potential tool to treat peritonitis resulting from biofilm-associated infections. We screened S. aureus colonization in 71 PD patients from the nasal cavity, groin, and PD exit-site regions and analyzed...

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