Bacterial pathogens

Fri, 09/18/2020 - 00:00
Forty-eight Pasteurella multocida isolates were recovered from porcine pneumonic lungs collected from farms in “Castilla y León” (north-western Spain) in 2017–2019. These isolates were characterized for their minimal inhibition concentrations to twelve antimicrobial agents and for the appearance of eight resistance genes: tetA, tetB, blaROB1, blaTEM, ermA...
Fri, 09/18/2020 - 00:00
Antibiotic resistance has been reported since the 1940s in both human and veterinary medicine. Many years of monitoring milk samples in South Africa led to identification of a novel maltose-negative Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) strain, which appears to be an emerging pathogen. In this study, the susceptibility of this strain to antibiotics was evaluated over time, during diverse seasons in...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 22:22
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of gamma irradiation (0, 2.5, and 5 kGy) on physico‐mechanical and structural characteristics of films based on Farsi gum‐carboxymethyl cellulose supplemented with Ziziphora clinopodioides essential oil (ZEO; 0%, 1%, and 2%) and lignocellulose nanofibers (LCNF; 0%, 1%, and 2%), and their application on fresh minced beef meat's shelf‐life...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 22:20
In this study, total RNA was extracted from young leaves of maize. Reverse transcription‐PCR (RT‐PCR) method was used to obtain full‐length TGase gene. The amplified fragment was sequenced to have 1,605 bp. The gene consisted of 535 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular mass of 60.9 kD. It was identical to the published TGase gene (GenBank NO.AJ421525). The TGase fragment was cloned...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 22:20
Free radicals produced during oxidation on the one hand and food contaminated with food source microorganisms on the other hand are serious threats to human health which increase the need to use natural compounds to replace synthetic and chemical substances used. In the present study, the antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of the cinnamon extract was investigated during hamburger meat storage...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 16:00
Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the major causes of death related to antimicrobial resistance worldwide because of the spread of Mycobacterium tuberculosis multi- and extensively drug resistant (multi-drug resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR), respectively) clinical isolates. To fight MDR and XDR tuberculosis, three new antitubercular drugs, bedaquiline (BDQ), delamanid, and...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 16:00
Staphylococcus aureus is an opportunistic bacterium of the human body and a leading cause of nosocomial infections. Methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infections involving biofilm lead to higher mortality and morbidity in patients. Biofilm causes serious clinical issues, as it mitigates entry of antimicrobials to reach the etiological agents. It plays an important role in resilient chronic...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 16:00
Despite the continuous emergence of multi-drug resistant pathogens, the number of new antimicrobials reaching the market is critically low. Natural product peptides are a rich source of bioactive compounds, and advances in mass spectrometry have achieved unprecedented capabilities for the discovery and characterization of novel molecular species. However, traditional bioactivity assay formats...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 10:04
ABSTRACT Listeria monocytogenes is thought to colonize the brain using one of three mechanisms: direct invasion of the blood-brain barrier, transportation across the barrier by infected monocytes, and axonal migration to the brain stem. The first two pathways seem to occur following unrestricted bacterial growth in the blood and thus have been linked to immunocompromise. In contrast, cell-to-cell...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 10:04
ABSTRACT Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 is a major cause of foodborne gastrointestinal illness. The adhesion of EHEC to host tissues is the first step enabling bacterial colonization. Adhesins such as fimbriae and flagella mediate this process. Here, we studied the interaction of the bacterial flagellum with the host cell’s plasma membrane using giant unilamellar vesicles...
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 10:04
This publication reports the availability of draft genome sequences of 171 Listeria monocytogenes strains isolated from various food-related sources from California between 2007 and 2017. All isolates contain at least two antimicrobial resistance genes.
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 10:04
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is a foodborne pathogen transmitted from animals to humans through contaminated food. Cattle are the main reservoir of STEC, but their genetic diversity is still poorly characterized, especially regarding strains isolated in Portugal. We therefore present the draft genomic sequences of 12 STEC strains isolated from cattle in the north of Portugal.
Thu, 09/17/2020 - 06:23
Author(s): Silvia Guillén, María Marcén, Ignacio Álvarez, Pilar Mañas, Guillermo Cebrián
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 22:19
Significance and Impact of the Study: Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis (Cfv) is frequently associated with lowered fertility and abortion in ruminants. These infections are responsible for significant reproductive wastage in infected beef and dairy herds and may reduce gross profit margins up to 66%. In India, decreased fertility rates in productive animals are traditionally attributed to...
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 22:17
An important toxin‐antitoxin (TA) system hok/sok, encoded by R1 plasmid of Escherichia coli, is involved in post segregation killing of cells that have lost the plasmid. The lethal properties of hok protein have been utilized for the environmental containment of microbes and the development of potential vaccine candidates. We aim to demonstrate the potent anti‐microbial property of 19 amino acid...
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 16:00
PurposeLefamulin is a novel antibiotic approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 2019 for the treatment of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP). In this study we evaluated the in vitro antimicrobial activity of lefamulin in order to better understand its antibiogram.MethodsThe test strains were isolated from patients across China during the period from 2017 to 2019, including...
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 16:00
Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) is a facultative intracellular pathogen that colonizes the chicken gut leading to contamination of carcasses during processing. A reduction in intestinal colonization by SE could result in reduced carcass contamination thereby reducing the risk of illnesses in humans. Short chain fatty acids such as butyrate are microbial metabolites produced in the gut that exert...
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 16:00
Larval diets used for artificial rearing can have a significant effect on insect biology. The Queensland fruit fly (aka “Qfly”), Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is one of the greatest challenges for fruit growers in Australia. The sterile insect technique (SIT) is being developed to manage outbreaks in regions that remain free of Qfly and to reduce populations in regions...
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 16:00
Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is the causal agent of colibacillosis, one of the most common bacterial infections in the poultry sector. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) is essential for rational and prudent antimicrobial therapy. Subsequently, uniformity in test results from the various testing methodologies used in diagnostic laboratories is pivotal. The aim of this study...
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 16:00
The emergence of antimicrobial-resistant (AR) Salmonella has a major concern worldwide. This study was designed to determine the AR profiles and serovars distribution of Salmonella enterica isolated from different breeds of breeder chickens in the province of Henan, China. For this, 2,139 dead embryo samples were collected from 28 breeder chicken hatcheries, representing two domestic and four...
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 16:00
Regulation of the environmental stress response and virulence of Shigella flexneri may involve multiple signaling pathways; however, these mechanisms are not well-defined. In bacteria, small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) regulate bacterial growth, metabolism, virulence, and environmental stress response. Therefore, identifying novel functional sRNAs in S. flexneri could help elucidate pathogenic...
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 12:01
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitously detected and have been linked to metabolic diseases. Gut microbiome is recognized as a critical regulator of disease susceptibility; however, little is known how PCBs and gut microbiome interact to modulate hepatic xenobiotic and intermediary metabolism. We hypothesized the gut microbiome regulates PCB-mediated changes in the metabolic...
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 10:04
ABSTRACT The bacterial and fungal community involved in ambrosia beetle fungiculture remains poorly studied compared to the famous fungus-farming ants and termites. Here we studied microbial community dynamics of laboratory nests, adults, and brood during the life cycle of the sugarcane shot hole borer, Xyleborus affinis. We identified a total of 40 fungal and 428 bacterial operational taxonomic...
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 08:02
by Pankaj Dhaka, Satya Veer Singh Malik, Jay Prakash Yadav, Manesh Kumar, Sukhadeo B. Barbuddhe, Deepak B. Rawool Coxiella burnetii is a highly infectious zoonotic pathogen infecting wide range of mammals, including humans. In the present study, a total of 711 blood samples from bovines [cattle (n = 543) and buffaloes (n = 168)] from eight farms at different geographical locations in India were...
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 06:14
Author(s): Abraham Fikru Mechesso, Dong Chan Moon, Su-Jeong Kim, Hyun-Ju Song, Hee Young Kang, Seok Hyeon Na, Ji-Hyun Choi, Ha-Young Kim, Soon-Seek Yoon, Suk-Kyung Lim Food-producing animals are considered a leading source of human Salmonella infections in Korea. However, there is a lack of comprehensive and up-to-date data regarding the diversity and resistance profiles of Salmonella serotypes...
Wed, 09/16/2020 - 06:14
Author(s): Shen Yang, Jian Li, Jude Juventus Aweya, Zijin Yuan, Wuyin Weng, Yueling Zhang, Guang-Ming Liu Antimicrobial peptides are being explored for use as food preservatives to prevent foodborne diseases. In this study, bioinformatics tools were used to screen potential antimicrobial amino acid sequences from the whey acidic protein (WAP) of large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea). A novel...
Tue, 09/15/2020 - 16:01
In this work, we report the isolation and detailed functional characterization for the new non-ribosomally synthesized antibiotic 5812-A/C, which was derived from metabolites of Streptomyces roseoflavus INA-Ac-5812. According to its chemical structure, the studied 5812-A/C preliminary is composed of a cyclic peptide part covalently bounded with an arabinose residue. N-terminal amino acid...
Tue, 09/15/2020 - 16:01
BackgroundEnterobacter cloacae is an opportunistic pathogen which is responsible for serious nosocomial infections. A gene which plays an important role in resistance to carbapenems is the New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase 1 (NDM-1). Currently, the spread of NDM-1-producing E. cloacae strains is a serious public threat.MethodsA multidrug-resistant E. cloacae ssp. dissolvens strain CBG15936 was...
Tue, 09/15/2020 - 16:01
Background: We conducted this retrospective study to reveal the accuracy of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) for diagnosing osteoarticular infections from fresh abscess specimens obtained from patients in an HIV-naive population.Methods: We retrospectively analyzed hospital records at three participating TB-specialized hospitals for patients admitted with suggestive diagnoses of...
Tue, 09/15/2020 - 10:03
Members of the small multidrug resistant (SMR) efflux pump family known as SugE (more recently renamed to Gdx) are known for their narrow substrate selectivity to small guanidinium (Gdm+) compounds and disinfectant quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs). Gdx members have been identified on multidrug resistant plasmids in Gram-negative bacilli, but their functional role remains unclear as few have...
Mon, 09/14/2020 - 22:18
Clostridium difficile (C.difficile) can cause antibiotic‐associated diarrhea or pseudo‐membranous colitis in humans and animals. Currently, the various methods such as microbiological culture,cytotoxic assay, ELISA and PCR have been used to detect Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). These conventional methods, however, require long detection time and professional staff. The paper is to...
Mon, 09/14/2020 - 06:15
Author(s): L.C. Eastwood, T.M. Taylor, J.W. Savell, K.B. Gehring, A.N. Arnold Effect of various antimicrobial interventions on pork carcass cuts – skin-on and skinless, non-chilled and chilled – was studied. Carcass pieces were inoculated with Salmonella enterica, Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), Escherichia coli pathogen surrogates or Campylobacter spp. Inoculated pieces were...
Sun, 09/13/2020 - 06:17
Author(s): Federica Giacometti, Annalisa Pezzi, Giorgio Galletti, Marco Tamba, Giuseppe Merialdi, Silvia Piva, Andrea Serraino, Silva Rubini The current study presents data on the antimicrobial resistance (AMR) patterns of 102 S. enterica subsp. enterica (72 Salmonella ser. Typhimurium and 30 monophasic S. Typhimurium serovar) and 79 Escherichia coli (and their phylogenetic group determination)...
Sun, 09/13/2020 - 06:12
LWT
Author(s): Haiying Cui, Hong Li, Changzhu Li, Mohamed A. Abdel-Samie, Lin Lin As a natural antibacterial agent, moringa oil (MO, containing palmitic acid, stearic acid and oleic acid as the dominant components) performs promising potential to ensure microbiological safety in food industry. Nevertheless, the antibacterial mechanism of MO is still unclear. In this study, we explored the...
Sun, 09/13/2020 - 02:05
The study reports protective role of potential probiotic cultures against infection by biofilm forming Cronobacter sakazakii in Caenorhabditis elegans model system. Among the fifteen indigenous potential probiotics, the cell free supernatant of Lactobacillus gastricus BTM7 possessed highest antimicrobial action and biofilm inhibition against C. sakazakii. The competitive exclusion assays revealed...
Sat, 09/12/2020 - 22:18
The emergence of novel resistant markers hampers the efficacy of beta‐lactam antibiotics to treat infections caused by microrganisms carrying such resistances. This study investigated the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, the carpapenem associated determinants and the molecular epidemiology of Klebsiella pneumoniae showing a New Delhi (NDM) metallo‐β‐lactamase phenotype, isolated from a...
Sat, 09/12/2020 - 06:30
Author(s): Nor Raihan Mohammad Shabani, Munirah Mokhtar, Chiuan Herng Leow, Qi Ying Lean, Candy Chuah, Kirnpal Kaur Banga Singh, Chiuan Yee Leow Shigella is an intracellular bacterial pathogen that causes bacterial dysentery called shigellosis. The assessment of pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators produced by immune cells against this bacteria are vital in identifying the effectiveness of the...
Sat, 09/12/2020 - 06:24
Author(s): Denes K.A. Rosario, Yhan S. Mutz, Vinicius S. Castro, Patricia C. Bernardes, Andreja Rajkovic, Carlos A. Conte-Junior This study aimed to test the effect of UV-C light (0.01–0.64 J/cm2) (UV) and lactic acid (0.1–12.9%) (LA) combined treatment on sliced Brazilian dry-cured loin (Socol, BDL) for (i) Salmonella Typhimurium reduction, (ii) physicochemical changes (color (a*, cured color,...
Sat, 09/12/2020 - 04:02
Bacterial foodborne diseases are one of the most important public health issues worldwide but in Ecuador reports on the microbiological quality of foods are scarce. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 450 samples of high-demand Ecuadorian food, including bolon, encebollado, sauces, ceviche, fruits, fruit juices, fruit salads, cheese, raw chicken and ground beef were collected from popular...
Sat, 09/12/2020 - 04:02
Kitfo is a version of beef tartar widely consumed in the Ethiopian community. It is made from raw minced beef and a blend of powdered spice and butter. Although previous studies have shown that kitfo contains several bacteria that are of public health concern, the status of their antibiotic resistance is not known. In this study, the antibiotic resistance of bacterial isolates from twenty-six...
Sat, 09/12/2020 - 04:02
The differences in the recovery of Salmonella from rendered chicken fat treated with sodium bisulfate (SBS) when inoculated with a dry vs wet inoculum was evaluated. Food grade rendered chicken fat was inoculated with a dry and wet inoculum containing a Salmonella cocktail (S. Enteritidis, S. Heidelberg, and S. Typhimurium). In addition, the effect of an antimicrobial treatment (sodium bisulfate...
Sat, 09/12/2020 - 04:02
A comprehensive understanding of foodborne pathogen diversity in pre-harvest environments is necessary to effectively track pathogens on farms and identify sources of produce contamination. As such, this study aimed to characterize Listeria diversity in wildlife feces and agricultural water collected from a New York State produce farm over a growing season. Water samples were collected from a...
Sat, 09/12/2020 - 04:02
Pathogen thermal resistance studies on low-water activity foods (LWAF) use a variety of methods to inoculate food, as well as strategies to reduce water activity, which can influence thermal resistance observations. This study investigated effects of culture preparation method and osmolyte-induced water activity on thermal resistance of two Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC; O121:H19,...
Sat, 09/12/2020 - 00:01
Clostridium botulinum Group I and Clostridium sporogenes are closely related bacteria responsible for foodborne, infant and wound botulism. A comparative genomic study with 556 highly diverse strains of C. botulinum Group I and C. sporogenes (including 417 newly sequenced strains) has been carried out to characterise the genetic diversity and spread of these bacteria and their neurotoxin genes....
Sat, 09/12/2020 - 00:01
The aim of the study was to propose a more efficient and safer botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injection method for the masseter by comparing the conventional blind injection and a novel ultrasonography (US)-guided injection technique in a clinical trial. The 40 masseters from 20 healthy young Korean volunteers (10 males and 10 females with a mean age of 25.6 years) were included in this...
Fri, 09/11/2020 - 22:20
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) is exposed to biotic and abiotic stresses. The survival of Salmonella in nature depends on the global regulators like cAMP receptor protein (CRP). The role of CRP in the phenotypic characteristics and stress tolerance was elucidated in S. Typhimurium using a crp gene null mutant (Δcrp). A 1.6‐fold decrease in the cell size, a two‐fold...
Fri, 09/11/2020 - 22:17
Aims To identify and evaluate the application of two novel monoclonal antibody (mAb) 2G12 against outer membrane protein (Omp) C and mAb 12B1 targeting the O chain of the lipopolysaccharides (LPS) of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (ECO157). Methods and Results The sensitivity and specificity of these two antibodies were evaluated with eight ECO157 strains and 68 untargeted strains. mAb 2G12 and 12B1...
Fri, 09/11/2020 - 16:00
We compared the consistency, accuracy and reproducibility of next-generation short read sequencing between ten laboratories involved in food safety (research institutes, state laboratories, universities and companies) from Germany and Austria. Participants were asked to sequence six DNA samples of three bacterial species (Campylobacter jejuni, Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella enterica) in...
Fri, 09/11/2020 - 16:00
Due to the importance of a rapid determination of patients infected by multidrug resistant bacteria, we evaluated two rapid diagnostic tests for the detection of third-generation cephalosporins (3GC)-resistant Enterobacterales directly from positive blood cultures within 1 h: BL-REDTM (electrochemical method) and β-LACTATM test (chromogenic method). A panel of 150 clinical strains characterized...

Pages