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Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety

Tue, 06/04/2019 - 05:32
Abstract Fresh fruits and vegetables are a rich source of micronutrients. However, many foodborne illnesses have been linked to the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables as they are reported to harbor contaminants such as microorganisms and pesticides. Recently reported foodborne outbreaks have been linked to a diverse group of fruits and vegetables due to the presence of various pathogens...
Mon, 10/23/2017 - 08:46
Abstract Mandarins are a member of the Citrus genus and are the focus of growing commercial interest, with satsuma mandarins (Citrus unshiu) and the common mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco) being the most important mandarin varieties. The possible health benefits and functional properties of those fruits are often associated with the antioxidative function of vitamin C, carotenoids, and...
Tue, 09/12/2017 - 12:27
Abstract Historically, Escherichia coli is among the most studied organisms and serves as the basis for understanding many fundamental biochemical and genetic concepts. In addition, it displays 9 pathogenesis groups, with the Shiga toxin-producing (STEC) group being the main representative regarding foodborne pathogenesis. Its typical characteristic is the presence of 2 distinct toxins and...
Wed, 08/23/2017 - 06:20
Abstract The presence of mycotoxins in foodstuff causes serious health problems to consumers and economically affects the food industry. Among the mycotoxins, aflatoxins are very toxic and highly carcinogenic contaminants which affect the safety of many foods, and therefore endanger human health. Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) found in milk results from the biotransformation of aflatoxin B1. Many efforts...
Thu, 08/03/2017 - 10:20
Abstract Food safety and quality audits are used widely in the food industry for various reasons (to evaluate management systems, obtain certifications to certain food safety and quality standards, assess the condition of premises and products, confirm legal compliance, and so on). Nowadays, the increased interest of consumers on food safety and quality matters, triggered mainly by recent food...
Tue, 08/01/2017 - 07:02
Abstract Surface hygiene is commonly measured as a part of the quality system of food processing plants, but as the bacteria present are commonly not identified, their roles for food quality and safety are not known. Here, we review the identity of residential bacteria and characteristics relevant for survival and growth in the food industry along with potential implications for food safety and...
Tue, 06/20/2017 - 07:24
Abstract The most frequently reported zoonosis and the main bacterial foodborne disease infection in humans is caused by Campylobacter spp., and C. jejuni and C. coli are the most common types. These bacteria can be found in the intestinal tracts of cattle, dogs, cats, sheep, poultry and pigs. The isolation of this microorganism is laborious because it requires specific media and a low oxygen...
Thu, 06/08/2017 - 08:30
Abstract Pollution of coastal waters can result in contamination of bivalve shellfish with human enteric viruses, including norovirus (NoV), and oysters are commonly implicated in outbreaks. Depuration is a postharvest treatment involving placement of shellfish in tanks of clean seawater to reduce contaminant levels; this review focuses on the efficacy of depuration in reducing NoV in oysters....
Thu, 05/11/2017 - 12:14
Abstract Cross-contamination of foods with pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites may occur at any point in the farm to fork continuum. Food contact and nonfood contact surfaces are the most frequent source of microbial cross-contamination. In the wake of new and emerging food safety challenges, including antibiotic-resistant human pathogens, conventional sanitation...
Thu, 02/09/2017 - 14:48
Abstract The interest in discovering and developing natural antimicrobials has significantly increased due to consumer preferences for foods that are free of chemical preservatives while still microbiologically safe. One of the best sources of natural antimicrobials is certain mushrooms (fungi) as many of them not only have nutraceutical functions but also possess antimicrobial properties. This...
Fri, 11/25/2016 - 10:00
Abstract Monitoring of dairy products should preferably focus on the most relevant food safety hazards in the dairy supply chain. For this purpose, the possible presence of microbiological, chemical, and physical hazards as well as trends in the dairy supply chain that may affect their presence were assessed. A literature review was combined with available data from EFSA, RASFF, and the Dutch...