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Natural toxins

Sat, 08/24/2019 - 01:03
Available online 22 August 2019 Author(s): Jianglin Xiong, Lijuan Peng, Hualin Zhou, Bo Lin, Pingyu Yan, Wenxuan Wu, Yulan Liu, Lingying Wu, Yinsheng QiuAbstractThe objective of this study was to survey the prevalence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in raw, pasteurized, extended shelf life (ESL) and UHT milk from central-south China. A total of 734 milk samples, comprising raw milk (133 samples),...
Thu, 08/22/2019 - 01:03
Available online 7 August 2019 Author(s): Mohamed F. Abdallah, Kris Audenaert, Leonie Lust, Sofie Landschoot, Boris Bekaert, Geert Heasaert, Marthe De Boevre, Sarah De SaegerAbstractSugarcane juice is a traditional drink consumed on a daily basis in Egypt. The current work was conducted to (1) evaluate the multi-mycotoxin contamination in sugarcane juice, (2) identify the profiles of the...
Thu, 08/22/2019 - 01:03
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Yanju Xiao, Bingjie Liu, Zijuan Wang, Chenlu Han, Xianghong Meng, Fang ZhangAbstractPorcine pancreatic lipase (PPL) was used to degrade the mycotoxin patulin (PAT) in pear juice. The dosage of PPL, the initial concentration of PAT, reaction temperature and time were investigated by batch experiments to study...
Thu, 08/22/2019 - 00:00
Abstract Recently, it was reported that ochratoxin A (OTA) mycotoxin, produced by a number of Aspergillus and Penicillium fungal species, may cause neuropsychological impairment or mental and emotional disorders but the mechanism of neurotoxicity remains unknown. Adverse effects of OTA in human (SHSY5Y) and mouse (HT22) neuronal cell lines were studied in vitro. OTA was found to...
Wed, 08/21/2019 - 15:39
Abstract Production of aflatoxin by Aspergillus flavus in peanuts is both a health hazard and major problem. This study investigated the ability of a whey protein concentrate (WPC)‐based edible coating containing Williopsis saturnus var. saturnus to prevent growth of A. flavus and aflatoxin production in peanuts. WPC with/without W. saturnus (7 log colony‐forming unit [CFU]/g) or W. saturnus...
Wed, 08/21/2019 - 01:05
Available online 19 August 2019 Author(s): Usman Rasheed, Hao Wu, Jinfan Wei, Xiaoyun Ou, Peisheng Qin, Xiaohua Yao, Han Chen, Amanda Juan Chen, Bin LiuAbstractAspergillus section Flavi is widely known as a potential threat to contaminate agricultural products and food commodities. In this study, a polyphasic approach consisting of micro- and macro-morphological, chemical and molecular features,...
Tue, 08/20/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 481: Biotransformation of the Mycotoxin Zearalenone to its Metabolites Hydrolyzed Zearalenone (HZEN) and Decarboxylated Hydrolyzed Zearalenone (DHZEN) Diminishes its Estrogenicity In Vitro and In Vivo Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080481 Authors: Fruhauf Novak Nagl Hackl Hartinger Rainer Labudová Adam Aleschko Moll Thamhesl Grenier...
Sun, 08/18/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 476: Impact of Naturally Contaminated Substrates on Alphitobius diaperinus and Hermetia illucens: Uptake and Excretion of Mycotoxins Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080476 Authors: Giulia Leni Martina Cirlini Johan Jacobs Stefaan Depraetere Natasja Gianotten Stefano Sforza Chiara Dall’Asta Insects are considered a suitable alternative feed for livestock...
Sat, 08/17/2019 - 01:08
Publication date: Available online 15 August 2019 Innovative Food Science & Emerging TechnologiesAuthor(s): Hiba N. Rajha, Anna-Maria Abi Khattar, Sally El Kantar, Nadia Boussetta, Nikolai Lebovka, Richard G. Maroun, Nicolas Louka, Eugene VorobievAbstractThe effects of aqueous extraction of bioactive compounds from pomegranate peels using conventional extraction (CE) and extraction assisted...
Sat, 08/17/2019 - 00:00
A biochip chemiluminescent immunoassay was validated for multi-mycotoxins screening in maize. Screened mycotoxins were aflatoxins B1 (AFB1) and G1 (AFG1) ochratoxin A (OTA), zearalenone (ZEA), toxin T2 (T2), fumonisins (sum of FB1 and FB2) and deoxynivalenol (DON). The method included a single extraction step with acetonitrile:methanol:water (50:40:10, v/v/v). Spiked samples...
Fri, 08/16/2019 - 17:00
Jisoo Lee, Shinae Kim, Hye-mi Kim, Hyun Jeong Kim, Frank H. Yu ND7/23 cells are gaining traction as a host model to express peripheral sodium channels such as NaV1.8 and NaV1.9 that have been difficult to express in widely utilized heterologous cells, like CHO and HEK293. Use of ND7/23 as a model cell to characterize the properties of sodium channels requires clear understanding of the...
Tue, 08/13/2019 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 82, Issue 9, Page 1472-1478, September 2019.
Tue, 08/13/2019 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 82, Issue 9, Page 1472-1478, September 2019.
Mon, 08/12/2019 - 01:03
Publication date: Available online 10 August 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Luísa Freire, Marianna M. Furtado, Tatiane M. Guerreiro, Juliana S. da Graça, Beatriz S. da Silva, Diogo N. Oliveira, Rodrigo R. Catharino, Anderson S. Sant’AnaAbstractYeasts are able to reduce the levels of ochratoxin A in fermentative processes; and, through their enzymatic complex, these micro-organisms...
Mon, 08/12/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 471: Determination of Ochratoxin A (OTA), Ochratoxin B (OTB), T-2, and HT-2 Toxins in Wheat Grains, Wheat Flour, and Bread in Lebanon by LC-MS/MS Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080471 Authors: Jomana Elaridi Osama Yamani Amira Al Matari Saada Dakroub Zouhair Attieh Cereals are prone to fungal infection during growth, harvesting, transportation, and/or storage....
Sun, 08/11/2019 - 01:04
Available online 9 August 2019 Author(s): Lourdes Sánchez-Montero, Juan J. Córdoba, Alberto Alía, Belén Peromingo, Félix NúñezAbstractEnvironmental conditions during ripening of dry-cured meat products favour growth of fungal population on their surface. Some of these moulds can produce mycotoxins. Paprika is one of the ingredients usually used in the formulation of raw-cured sausages, and its...
Sat, 08/10/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 469: Aflatoxin Exposure from Milk in Rural Kenya and the Contribution to the Risk of Liver Cancer Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080469 Authors: Anima J. Sirma Kohei Makita Delia Grace Daniel Senerwa Johanna F. Lindahl Milk is an important commodity in Kenya; the country has the largest dairy herd and highest per capita milk consumption in East Africa. As such...
Sat, 08/10/2019 - 00:00
An automated optical biosensor-based immunoassay exploiting surface plasmon resonance detection for the quantitation of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in milk and milk powders is described. A monoclonal antibody and an immobilized protein–AFM1 conjugate are utilized in a simple inhibition format following aqueous extraction and immunoaffinity clean-up of the sample, thereby avoiding the...
Sat, 08/10/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 470: Contrasting Toxin Selectivity between the Marine Pufferfish Takifugu pardalis and the Freshwater Pufferfish Pao suvattii Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080470 Authors: Wei Gao Yoko Kanahara Misako Yamada Ryohei Tatsuno Hiroyuki Yoshikawa Hiroyuki Doi Tomohiro Takatani Osamu Arakawa To clarify the differences in toxin selectivity between marine and...
Fri, 08/09/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 468: Paralytic Shellfish Toxin Uptake, Assimilation, Depuration, and Transformation in the Southeast Asian Green-Lipped Mussel (Perna viridis) Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080468 Authors: John Kristoffer Andres Aletta T. Yñiguez Jennifer Mary Maister Andrew D. Turner Dave Eldon B. Olano Jenelyn Mendoza Lilibeth Salvador-Reyes Rhodora V. Azanza Bivalve...
Fri, 08/09/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 467: Genetic Profiling of Aspergillus Isolates with Varying Aflatoxin Production Potential from Different Maize-Growing Regions of Kenya Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080467 Authors: Richard Dooso Oloo Sheila Okoth Peter Wachira Samuel Mutiga Phillis Ochieng Leah Kago Fredrick Nganga Jean-Baka Domelevo Entfellner Sita Ghimire Highly toxigenic strains...
Thu, 08/08/2019 - 20:00
Wild fruits are an important food and income source for many households in Zambia. Non-cultivated plants may be as susceptible as crops to aflatoxin contamination. Concentrations of aflatoxins in commonly consumed wild fruits from markets and characteristics of associated aflatoxin-producers need to be determined to assess the aflatoxin risk posed by handling, processing, storage and consumption...
Thu, 08/08/2019 - 01:04
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2019Source: Author(s): Edmund D. Brodie
Wed, 08/07/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 463: Investigation of Zearalenone Adsorption and Biotransformation by Microorganisms Cultured under Cellular Stress Conditions Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080463 Authors: Rogowska Pomastowski Walczak Railean-Plugaru Rudnicka Buszewski The zearalenone binding and metabolization ability of probiotic microorganisms, such as lactic acid bacteria,...
Mon, 08/05/2019 - 01:05
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Shruti Shukla, Jong Suk Lee, Vivek K. Bajpai, Imran Khan, Yun Suk Huh, Young-Kyu Han, Myunghee KimAbstractThe present study aimed to develop a consortium of nutritive fermented food products, supplemented with phytochemicals, with reduced toxicological contents. We developed new flavored Doenjang products (...
Fri, 08/02/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 455: Lack of Toxic Interaction Between Fusariotoxins in Broiler Chickens Fed throughout Their Life at the Highest Level Tolerated in the European Union Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080455 Authors: Metayer Travel Mika Bailly Cleva Boissieu Guennec Froment Albaric Labrut Lepivert Marengue Tardieu Guerre Fusarium mycotoxins (FUS)...
Fri, 08/02/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 452: Analysis of Mycotoxins Contamination in Poultry Feeds Manufactured in Selected Provinces of South Africa Using UHPLC-MS/MS Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080452 Authors: Sharon Maphala Mokubedi Judith Zanele Phoku Rumbidzai Naledi Changwa Sefater Gbashi Patrick Berka Njobeh A total of 105 different types of poultry feed samples from South Africa were...
Thu, 08/01/2019 - 08:16
Abstract BACKGROUND Maize is one of the most important cereals worldwide used for different purposes and industries. This cereal is prone to contamination with mycotoxins, such as zearalenone (ZEN) produced mainly by Fusarium graminearum, F. culmorum and F. equiseti. Toxin production under high moist conditions (aw > 0.95) is optimized with temperature alternations between low (12‐14°C) and...
Thu, 08/01/2019 - 07:15
Abstract BACKGROUND This study was performed to evaluate the degradation of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) from eastern groundsel (Senecio vernalis) in grass silage prepared with different inoculants. Silages were produced from ryegrass with 230 g kg−1 dry matter (DM) content and mixed with eastern groundsel (9:1; w/w fresh matter basis) containing 5.5 g kg−1 DM PA. Treatments were: CON (...
Thu, 08/01/2019 - 01:04
Available online 29 July 2019 Author(s): Hiram A. Wall-Martínez, Xenia Pascari, Aleix Bigorda, Antonio J. Ramos, Sonia Marín, Vicente SanchisAbstractThe aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 15 commercial yeasts in the mitigation of the Fusarium mycotoxins deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEN) during the brewing process. Saccharomyces strains (10 strains of S. cerevisiae and 5 of S...
Thu, 08/01/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 451: Zearalenone Contamination in Corn, Corn Products, and Swine Feed in China in 2016–2018 as Assessed by Magnetic Bead Immunoassay Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080451 Authors: Li Yang Mao Hong Du In total, 405 samples of corn, corn products, and swine feed from China in 2016–2018 were surveyed for zearalenone (ZEN) contamination using a...
Wed, 07/31/2019 - 01:03
Available online 29 July 2019 Author(s): Ewa Wielogorska, Yusuf Ahmed, Julie Meneely, William G. Graham, Christopher T. Elliott, Brendan F. GilmoreAbstractThe need for safe and quality food, free from the presence of hazardous contaminants such as mycotoxins is an on-going and complex challenge. Cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAPP) has the potential to contribute to achieving this goal....
Tue, 07/30/2019 - 01:05
Publication date: Available online 29 July 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Xuan Yang, Yijia Li, Lirong Zheng, Xiaoyun He, Yunbo Luo, Kunlun Huang, Wentao XuAbstractThe incidence of kidney disease has increased rapidly in recent years. One major possible reason for this increase in nephrosis is from foodborne toxins. Since the mechanism of how foodborne toxins are involved in the...
Mon, 07/29/2019 - 01:03
Publication date: January 2020 , Volume 107Author(s): Vincent Hort, Marina Nicolas, Angélique Travel, Catherine Jondreville, Corentin Maleix, Elisabeth Baéza, Erwan Engel, Thierry GuérinAbstractThis study assessed the transfer of fumonisins B1 and B2 (FBs), zearalenone (ZEA) and zearalenone metabolites α-zearalanol (α-ZAL) and α-zearalenol (α-ZEL) to poultry tissues. Two experimental groups of 9...
Mon, 07/29/2019 - 00:00
Abstract The aims of this study were to analyse the occurrence of aflatoxins, aflatoxin M1 (AFM1), fumonisins, ochratoxin A (OTA), patulin (PAT), zearalenone (ZEN) and deoxynivalenol (DON) in foodstuffs consumed in Chile between 2008 and 2017 and to estimate the contribution of main contaminated foodstuff in human exposure by the probable daily intake (PDI) estimation. In 9 ...
Sun, 07/28/2019 - 20:00
Probiotics play an important role in the human and animal defense against liver damage. However, the protective mechanism of Lactobacillus plantarum C88 on chronic liver injury induced by mycotoxin remains unclea...
Sun, 07/28/2019 - 01:04
Available online 26 July 2019 Author(s): M.R. Bragulat, M.L. Abarca, G. Castellá, F.J. CabañesAbstractOchratoxin A (OTA) is a nephrotoxic mycotoxin naturally found in a wide range of food commodities throughout the world. Aspergillus carbonarius is the most important source of OTA in food commodities such as wine, grapes and dried vine fruits and is also responsible for the formation of OTA in...
Sun, 07/28/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 447: Label-Free Fluorescent Aptasensor for Ochratoxin—A Detection Based on CdTe Quantum Dots and (N-Methyl-4-pyridyl) Porphyrin Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080447 Authors: Li Liu Zafar Iqbal Tanveer Keqiu Jiang Qingwen Huang Jinghui Zhang Yongjiang Wu Zheng Han With the widespread contamination of ochratoxin A (OTA), it is of significant importance for...
Sat, 07/27/2019 - 01:07
Publication date: Available online 26 July 2019Source: Author(s): Chen Li, Wenying Chen, Lirong Zheng, Boyang Zhang, Xuqin Yang, Qipeng Zhang, Ning Wang, Yan Wang, Jieyeqi Yang, Jingzhou Sha, Zheng Zhou, Xiaohong Li, Yuzhe Li, Xiao Li ShenAbstractOchratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin ubiquitous in feeds and foodstuffs. The water-insoluble pentacyclic triterpene bioactive compound, ursolic acid (UA),...
Fri, 07/26/2019 - 00:00
Abstract Mycotoxins are difficult to monitor continuously, and a tool to assess the risk would help to judge if there is a particular risk due to the inclusion of certain feed ingredients. For this, the toxin contents of 97 commercial fish feeds have been estimated, and the most prominent toxins in fish feed are calculated to be deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, fumonisins and...
Thu, 07/25/2019 - 08:48
Abstract The main safety issue of cereal grains is mycotoxin contamination. There is no published information about mycotoxin contamination of organic wheat in the United States. This study quantified the contents of deoxynivalenol (DON) and ochratoxin A (OTA), two frequently occurring mycotoxins, in organic wheat samples collected from six counties in North Carolina by enzyme‐linked...
Thu, 07/25/2019 - 08:48
Abstract The main safety issue of cereal grains is mycotoxin contamination. There is no published information about mycotoxin contamination of organic wheat in the United States. This study quantified the contents of deoxynivalenol (DON) and ochratoxin A (OTA), two frequently occurring mycotoxins, in organic wheat samples collected from six counties in North Carolina by enzyme‐linked...
Thu, 07/25/2019 - 00:00
Abstract The present study was envisaged with an aim to determine the occurrence of antibiotic residues; enrofloxacin, oxytetracycline, penicillin G, sulphamethoxazole and chloramphenicol as well as mycotoxins; aflatoxin M1 and ochratoxin A in raw milk samples collected from individual animals from dairy farms located in 9 districts of Punjab, India. A total of 168 raw milk...
Wed, 07/24/2019 - 01:03
Publication date: Available online 22 July 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Sheraz Ahmed Bhatti, Muhammad Zargham Khan, Muhammad Kashif Saleemi, Zahoor Ul Hassan, Aisha KhatoonAbstractOchratoxin A (OA), the secondary metabolite of certain Aspergillus and Penicillium species, is one of the potent biological immune-suppressor. The present study was designed to explore the in-vivo...
Tue, 07/23/2019 - 07:08
This work studied the ability of Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus natto to degrade zearalenone (ZEN) and analyzed the amounts of ZEN in cell residues. The effect of different processing conditions on the degradation capacity of the bacteria was then analyzed. Finally, B. subtilis and B. natto were applied to food. The results showed that at 48 hr, the degradation rates of the two taxa were 100% and...
Tue, 07/23/2019 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 82, Issue 8, Page 1390-1397, August 2019.

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