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Sat, 06/15/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 342: Occurrence of Mycotoxins in Swine Feeding from Spain Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11060342 Authors: Natalia Arroyo-Manzanares Vicente Rodríguez-Estévez Plácido Arenas-Fernández Ana M. García-Campaña Laura Gámiz-Gracia A survey including 228 pig feed samples from Spain has been developed, exploring the occurrence of 19 mycotoxins (aflatoxins B1, B2, G1 and...
Sat, 06/08/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 330: Application of Zearalenone (ZEN)-Detoxifying Bacillus in Animal Feed Decontamination through Fermentation Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11060330 Authors: Shiau-Wei Chen Han-Tsung Wang Wei-Yuan Shih Yan-An Ciou Yu-Yi Chang Laurensia Ananda Shu-Yin Wang Jih-Tay Hsu Zearalenone (ZEN) is an estrogenic mycotoxin which can cause loss in animal production....
Mon, 06/03/2019 - 00:00
Abstract Application of atoxigenic strains to compete against toxigenic strains of Aspergillus flavus strains has emerged as one of the practical strategies for reducing aflatoxin contamination in corn, peanut, and tree nuts. The actual mechanism that results in aflatoxin reduction is not fully understood. Real-time RT-PCR and relative quantification of gene expression protocol...
Mon, 06/03/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 315: Mitigating Aflatoxin Contamination in Groundnut through A Combination of Genetic Resistance and Post-Harvest Management Practices Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11060315 Authors: Manish K. Pandey Rakesh Kumar Arun K. Pandey Pooja Soni Sunil S. Gangurde Hari K. Sudini Jake C. Fountain Boshou Liao Haile Desmae Patrick Okori Xiaoping Chen Huifang...
Sat, 06/01/2019 - 00:00
Abstract Recent studies from our laboratory indicate that engineered silver nanoparticles can inhibit aflatoxin biosynthesis even at concentrations at which they do not demonstrate antifungal activities on the aflatoxin-producing fungus. Whether such inhibition can be modified by altering the nanoparticles’ physical properties remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrate...
Fri, 05/31/2019 - 01:12
Available online 29 May 2019 Author(s): Ling Guo, Yanyan Wang, Peng Fei, Jianxin Liu, Daxi RenABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to investigate the levels of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) concentration in raw milk and dairy products from water buffalo in south China. 136 raw milk and 86 dairy products samples were collected randomly from buffalo dairy pastures and supermarket in Guangxi, Guizhou,...
Fri, 05/31/2019 - 01:12
Available online 28 May 2019 Author(s): Xianfeng Ren, Qi Zhang, Wenhua Wu, Tingting Yan, Xiaoqian Tang, Wen Zhang, Li Yu, Peiwu LiAbstractAn anti-idiotypic nanobody-phage display-mediated immuno-polymerase chain reaction (PD-IPCR) method was developed for simultaneous quantitative detection of total aflatoxins and zearalenone in cereals. Two phages, displaying the variable domain of the heavy...
Fri, 05/31/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 312: Mycotoxins at the Start of the Food Chain in Costa Rica: Analysis of Six Fusarium Toxins and Ochratoxin A between 2013 and 2017 in Animal Feed and Aflatoxin M1 in Dairy Products Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11060312 Authors: Andrea Molina Guadalupe Chavarría Margarita Alfaro-Cascante Astrid Leiva Fabio Granados-Chinchilla Mycotoxins are secondary...
Thu, 05/30/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 309: Separation and Purification of Aflatoxins by Centrifugal Partition Chromatography Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11060309 Authors: Gábor Endre Zsófia Hegedüs Adiyadolgor Turbat Biljana Škrbić Csaba Vágvölgyi András Szekeres Aflatoxins are mycotoxins that are produced by several species of filamentous fungi. In the European Union, the concentration limits...
Wed, 05/29/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 304: Assorted Methods for Decontamination of Aflatoxin M1 in Milk Using Microbial Adsorbents Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11060304 Authors: Jean Claude Assaf Sahar Nahle Ali Chokr Nicolas Louka Ali Atoui André El Khoury Aflatoxins (AF) are carcinogenic metabolites produced by different species of Aspergillus which readily colonize crops. AFM1 is secreted in...
Thu, 05/23/2019 - 01:11
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2019Source: Author(s): Homa Arak, Mohammad Amir Karimi Torshizi, Mehdi Hedayati, Shaban RahimiAbstractThe amelioration of aflatoxicosis in ducklings was examined by feeding molecular imprinted polymer (MIP) synthesized to target the aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) analog molecule [5, 7-dimethoxycoumarin (DMC)] as a smart and novel toxin binder in comparison to a...
Thu, 05/23/2019 - 01:11
Publication date: Available online 21 May 2019Source: Author(s): Chandrashekhar Singh, Chandra Prakash, Pallavi Mishra, Kavindra Nath Tiwari, Sunil Kumar Mishra, Raghunath Shahaji More, Vijay Kumar, Jasmeet SinghAbstractThe present study evaluated hepatoprotective role of ethanol extract of P. integrifolia leaves (EEPL) on aflatoxin B1 (AFB1)-induced toxicity in mice. Mice were administered with...
Wed, 05/22/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 290: Prevalent Mycotoxins in Animal Feed: Occurrence and Analytical Methods Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11050290 Authors: Carolina Santos Pereira Sara C. Cunha José O. Fernandes Today, we have been witnessing a steady tendency in the increase of global demand for maize, wheat, soybeans, and their products due to the steady growth and strengthening of the livestock...
Thu, 05/16/2019 - 00:00
Abstract Aflatoxins (AFs) are secondary metabolites produced by aflatoxigenic strains of Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus, the most toxic being aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). The purpose of the present work was to investigate the effects of industrial-grade packaging materials (low-density polyethylene, polypropylene, polyethylene-laminated aluminium); temperatures (25 °C, 30 °C);...
Tue, 05/14/2019 - 00:00
Abstract Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) is a hydroxylated metabolite of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and can be excreted in milk of cows after consuming aflatoxin (AF)-contaminated feed. The aim of this research was to assess the levels of total AFs in samples of feedingstuff for dairy cows (n = 193) and the levels of AFM1 in raw bulk tank milk samples (n = 375), in order to estimate the ratio of “...
Tue, 05/14/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 271: Long Term Monitoring (2014–2018) of Multi-Mycotoxins in South African Commercial Maize and Wheat with a Locally Developed and Validated LC-MS/MS Method Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11050271 Authors: Hannalien Meyer Zanele Diana Skhosana Mamsy Motlanthe Wiana Louw Egmont Rohwer Mycotoxins occur worldwide in the major grains, and producers, traders and...
Tue, 05/14/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 270: Assessment of Aflatoxin and Fumonisin Contamination and Associated Risk Factors in Feed and Feed Ingredients in Rwanda Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11050270 Authors: Kizito Nishimwe Erin Bowers Jean de Dieu Ayabagabo Richard Habimana Samuel Mutiga Dirk Maier Mycotoxins are fungal metabolites that contaminate crops, food, and animal feeds. Aflatoxins and...
Mon, 05/13/2019 - 01:11
Publication date: Available online 11 May 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Lenis Liverpool-Tasie, Nikita Saha Turna, Oluwatoyin Ademola, Adewale Obadina, Felicia WuAbstractAflatoxin and fumonisin are two major foodborne mycotoxins: toxic chemicals produced by fungi that contaminate food commodities including maize, a staple food in sub-Saharan Africa. Aflatoxin causes liver cancer, and...
Sun, 05/12/2019 - 01:14
Publication date: Available online 11 May 2019 Innovative Food Science & Emerging TechnologiesAuthor(s): Yasin Sen, Baran Onal-Ulusoy, Mehmet MutluAbstractThe detoxification effects of cold atmospheric-pressure (AP,3000 L/h of air, 25 kHz, 655 W-1.7 min) and low-pressure (LP,air-100 W-30 min) plasmas and gamma irradiation(GMI,10 kGy-10 min) treatments on different concentrations of pure...
Sun, 05/12/2019 - 01:13
Available online 9 May 2019 Author(s): Jolien Van Cleemput, Katrien C.K. Poelaert, Kathlyn Laval, Wim Van den Broeck, Hans J. NauwynckAbstractThe horse’s respiratory tract daily encounters a plethora of respirable hazards including air pollutants, mycotoxins and airborne pathogens. To date, the precise effect of air pollution and mycotoxins on respiratory epithelial integrity and subsequent...
Sun, 05/12/2019 - 01:13
Publication date: 1 October 2019 , Volume 294Author(s): Bin Wang, Jiushang Zheng, Ailing Ding, Liqun Xu, Jiuncun Chen, Chang Ming LiAbstractA novel aptasensor, based on a perylene probe (PAPDI; N,N′-bis(propylenetrimethylammonium)-3,4,9,10-perylenediimide), was developed for the detection of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in maize samples. AuNPs/DNA composites were synthesized and integrated with aptamers-...
Wed, 05/08/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 258: NMR-Based Metabolic Profiles of Intact Zebrafish Embryos Exposed to Aflatoxin B1 Recapitulates Hepatotoxicity and Supports Possible Neurotoxicity Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11050258 Authors: Zain Zuberi Muhamed N. H. Eeza Joerg Matysik John P. Berry A. Alia Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a widespread contaminant of grains and other agricultural crops and is...
Wed, 05/08/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 259: Recombinant Aflatoxin-Degrading F420H2-Dependent Reductase from Mycobacterium smegmatis Protects Mammalian Cells from Aflatoxin Toxicity Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11050259 Authors: Che-Hsing Li Wei-Yang Li I-Ning Hsu Yung-Yu Liao Chi-Ya Yang Matthew C. Taylor Yu-Fan Liu Wei-Hao Huang Hsiang-Hua Chang Ho-Lo Huang Shao-Chi Lo Ting-Yu Lin Wei-...
Sat, 05/04/2019 - 01:17
Available online 2 May 2019 Author(s): Cong Lv, Jing Jin, Ping Wang, Xiaofeng Dai, Yang Liu, Mumin Zheng, Fuguo XingAbstractWater activity (aw) and temperature are two pivotal environmental factors affecting Aspergillus flavus growth and aflatoxin production. Here, we found that AFB1 production on polished rice can occur over a wider range of temperature × aw levels than that on paddies. For...
Fri, 05/03/2019 - 01:13
Publication date: Available online 1 May 2019 Innovative Food Science & Emerging TechnologiesAuthor(s): Yasin Sen, Baran Onal-Ulusoy, Mehmet MutluAbstractThe decontamination effects of non-thermal atmospheric-pressure (AP) and low-pressure (LP) plasma systems were investigated on hazelnuts artificially contaminated with Aspergillus parasiticus and Aspergillus flavus spores. Furthermore, AP-...
Mon, 04/29/2019 - 15:00
Abstract BACKGROUND The impact of climate change has been identified as an emerging issue worldwide due to potential effects that can provoke changes in the nature and occurrence of food safety hazards. Mycotoxins are a group of naturally occurring toxic substances produced by several genera of filamentous fungi, among which, primarily aflatoxins, fumonisins, ochratoxins, trichothecenes, and...
Mon, 04/29/2019 - 01:12
Available online 27 April 2019 Author(s): M.A. Dadzie, A. Oppong, K. Ofori, J.S. Eleblu, E.B. Ifie, E. Blay, E. Obeng –Bio, Z. Appiah-Kubi, M.L. WarburtonAbstractAflatoxins are carcinogenic secondary metabolites produced mainly by two species of Aspergillus fungi, (A. flavus and A. parasiticus). The toxin contaminates maize grains during the developmental stage as well as in storage. Grains with...
Mon, 04/29/2019 - 01:12
Available online 27 April 2019 Author(s): Kwabena Asare Bediako, Daniel Dzidzienyo, Kwadwo Ofori, Samuel Kwame Offei, James Yaw Asibuo, Richard Adu Amoah, Joshua ObengAbstractFungal species associated with stored groundnuts together with incidence of aflatoxin contamination in four major growing regions of Ghana were investigated in this study. Aspergillus niger (39.9%) and A. flavus (26.3%) were...
Sun, 04/28/2019 - 01:13
Publication date: Available online 26 April 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Belqes Ahmad Al-Jaal, Morana Jaganjac, Andrei Barcaru, Peter Horvatovich, Aishah LatiffAbstractHuman exposure to mycotoxins occurs mostly through dietary intake, although exposure through dermal and inhalation routes has also been shown. Depending on the type of mycotoxins, the applied dose and duration of...
Sun, 04/28/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 242: Altered Gene Response to Aflatoxin B1 in the Spleens of Susceptible and Resistant Turkeys Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11050242 Authors: Kent M. Reed Kristelle M. Mendoza Roger A. Coulombe Susceptibility and/or resistance to aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a threshold trait governed principally by glutathione S transferase (GST)-mediated detoxification. In poultry,...
Sat, 04/27/2019 - 01:14
Available online 24 April 2019 Author(s): Wei Liu, Pengguang Zhao, Chaosheng Wu, Changhong Liu, Jianbo Yang, Lei ZhengAbstractSoybean oil is often contaminated by aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) which is regarded as a class Ⅰ carcinogen. The feasibility of rapid determination of AFB1 in soybean oil with terahertz spectroscopy was examined. t-SNE, as the pre-treatment method was used to get the best features...
Thu, 04/25/2019 - 20:00
Role of Starter Cultures on the Safety of Fermented Meat Products Marta Laranjo1*, Maria Eduarda Potes1,2 and Miguel Elias1,3 1ICAAM-Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais Mediterrânicas, Universidade de Évora, Pólo da Mitra, Évora, Portugal 2Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Escola de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade de Évora, Pólo...
Thu, 04/25/2019 - 15:26
Abstract Aflatoxins (AFs) are naturally occurring contaminants classified as human carcinogens. This article describes presence and concentrations of AFs in both raw and roasted almonds collected from Turkey from September 2017 to February 2018. Long‐term exposure to AFs was then calculated using the per capita consumption of almonds and the concentration of AFs in almonds. AFs were determined...
Thu, 04/25/2019 - 15:26
Abstract Aflatoxins (AFs) are naturally occurring contaminants classified as human carcinogens. This article describes presence and concentrations of AFs in both raw and roasted almonds collected from Turkey from September 2017 to February 2018. Long‐term exposure to AFs was then calculated using the per capita consumption of almonds and the concentration of AFs in almonds. AFs were determined...
Thu, 04/25/2019 - 00:00
The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of 2 dietary mycotoxin sequestrants, Toxy-Nil (TN) or Unike Plus (UP), in reducing aflatoxin (AF) M1 concentrations in milk of dairy cows challenged with dietary AF. Thirty-two mid-lactation Holstein cows were blocked by parity, days in milk, and milk yield and were randomly assigned within block to receive one of the following treatments: (1) 2.8 mg of...
Tue, 04/23/2019 - 11:53
High‐TB Pu‐erh tea made by a novel process was compared with commercial tea samples. All teas were free of aflatoxins, fumonisins, ochratoxin A, and viable microbes. Dietary intake of investigated trace elements was below the safe limits. The new tea was comparable to conventional Pu‐erh tea in appearance and taste. Summary Theabrownins (TB) are polymeric phenolic compounds associated with...
Tue, 04/16/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 227: Mycotoxins during the Processes of Nixtamalization and Tortilla Production Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11040227 Authors: Sara Schaarschmidt Carsten Fauhl-Hassek Tortillas are a traditional staple food in Mesoamerican cuisine, which have also become popular on a global level, e.g., for wraps or as snacks (tortilla chips). Traditional tortilla production includes...
Mon, 04/15/2019 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 82, Issue 5, Page 796-803, May 2019.
Fri, 04/12/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 219: Mycotoxin Decontamination Efficacy of Atmospheric Pressure Air Plasma Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11040219 Authors: Nataša Hojnik Martina Modic Gabrijela Tavčar-Kalcher Janja Babič James L. Walsh Uroš Cvelbar Mycotoxins, the toxic secondary metabolites of mould species, are a growing global concern, rendering almost 25% of all food produced unfit for...
Wed, 04/10/2019 - 01:12
Available online 8 April 2019 Author(s): Xi Wu, Xinxin Zhang, Yanqiang Yang, Yurong Liu, Xiaoni ChenAbstractA novel and sensitive deep eutectic solvent-based matrix solid phase dispersion (DES-MSPD) method for the determination of aflatoxins (AFB1, AFB2, AFG1, AFG2) in various crops was established using high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD). The DES-MSPD...
Tue, 04/09/2019 - 01:12
Publication date: July 2019 , Volume 153Author(s): Vipin Kumar Singh, Somenath Das, Abhishek Kumar Dwivedy, Raju Rathore, Nawal Kishore DubeyAbstractThe study reports industrial significance of chemically characterized nanoencapuslated Ocimum sanctum essential oil (OSEO) against fungi contaminating herbal raw materials and aflatoxin B1 secretion. The chitosan encapsulated OSEO exhibited enhanced...

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