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Sat, 08/24/2019 - 01:03
Available online 22 August 2019 Author(s): Jianglin Xiong, Lijuan Peng, Hualin Zhou, Bo Lin, Pingyu Yan, Wenxuan Wu, Yulan Liu, Lingying Wu, Yinsheng QiuAbstractThe objective of this study was to survey the prevalence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in raw, pasteurized, extended shelf life (ESL) and UHT milk from central-south China. A total of 734 milk samples, comprising raw milk (133 samples),...
Thu, 08/22/2019 - 01:03
Available online 7 August 2019 Author(s): Mohamed F. Abdallah, Kris Audenaert, Leonie Lust, Sofie Landschoot, Boris Bekaert, Geert Heasaert, Marthe De Boevre, Sarah De SaegerAbstractSugarcane juice is a traditional drink consumed on a daily basis in Egypt. The current work was conducted to (1) evaluate the multi-mycotoxin contamination in sugarcane juice, (2) identify the profiles of the...
Wed, 08/21/2019 - 15:39
Abstract Production of aflatoxin by Aspergillus flavus in peanuts is both a health hazard and major problem. This study investigated the ability of a whey protein concentrate (WPC)‐based edible coating containing Williopsis saturnus var. saturnus to prevent growth of A. flavus and aflatoxin production in peanuts. WPC with/without W. saturnus (7 log colony‐forming unit [CFU]/g) or W. saturnus...
Wed, 08/21/2019 - 01:05
Available online 19 August 2019 Author(s): Usman Rasheed, Hao Wu, Jinfan Wei, Xiaoyun Ou, Peisheng Qin, Xiaohua Yao, Han Chen, Amanda Juan Chen, Bin LiuAbstractAspergillus section Flavi is widely known as a potential threat to contaminate agricultural products and food commodities. In this study, a polyphasic approach consisting of micro- and macro-morphological, chemical and molecular features,...
Sat, 08/17/2019 - 01:08
Publication date: Available online 15 August 2019 Innovative Food Science & Emerging TechnologiesAuthor(s): Hiba N. Rajha, Anna-Maria Abi Khattar, Sally El Kantar, Nadia Boussetta, Nikolai Lebovka, Richard G. Maroun, Nicolas Louka, Eugene VorobievAbstractThe effects of aqueous extraction of bioactive compounds from pomegranate peels using conventional extraction (CE) and extraction assisted...
Sat, 08/17/2019 - 00:00
A biochip chemiluminescent immunoassay was validated for multi-mycotoxins screening in maize. Screened mycotoxins were aflatoxins B1 (AFB1) and G1 (AFG1) ochratoxin A (OTA), zearalenone (ZEA), toxin T2 (T2), fumonisins (sum of FB1 and FB2) and deoxynivalenol (DON). The method included a single extraction step with acetonitrile:methanol:water (50:40:10, v/v/v). Spiked samples...
Tue, 08/13/2019 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 82, Issue 9, Page 1472-1478, September 2019.
Tue, 08/13/2019 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 82, Issue 9, Page 1472-1478, September 2019.
Sun, 08/11/2019 - 01:04
Available online 9 August 2019 Author(s): Lourdes Sánchez-Montero, Juan J. Córdoba, Alberto Alía, Belén Peromingo, Félix NúñezAbstractEnvironmental conditions during ripening of dry-cured meat products favour growth of fungal population on their surface. Some of these moulds can produce mycotoxins. Paprika is one of the ingredients usually used in the formulation of raw-cured sausages, and its...
Sat, 08/10/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 469: Aflatoxin Exposure from Milk in Rural Kenya and the Contribution to the Risk of Liver Cancer Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080469 Authors: Anima J. Sirma Kohei Makita Delia Grace Daniel Senerwa Johanna F. Lindahl Milk is an important commodity in Kenya; the country has the largest dairy herd and highest per capita milk consumption in East Africa. As such...
Sat, 08/10/2019 - 00:00
An automated optical biosensor-based immunoassay exploiting surface plasmon resonance detection for the quantitation of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in milk and milk powders is described. A monoclonal antibody and an immobilized protein–AFM1 conjugate are utilized in a simple inhibition format following aqueous extraction and immunoaffinity clean-up of the sample, thereby avoiding the...
Fri, 08/09/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 467: Genetic Profiling of Aspergillus Isolates with Varying Aflatoxin Production Potential from Different Maize-Growing Regions of Kenya Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080467 Authors: Richard Dooso Oloo Sheila Okoth Peter Wachira Samuel Mutiga Phillis Ochieng Leah Kago Fredrick Nganga Jean-Baka Domelevo Entfellner Sita Ghimire Highly toxigenic strains...
Thu, 08/08/2019 - 20:00
Wild fruits are an important food and income source for many households in Zambia. Non-cultivated plants may be as susceptible as crops to aflatoxin contamination. Concentrations of aflatoxins in commonly consumed wild fruits from markets and characteristics of associated aflatoxin-producers need to be determined to assess the aflatoxin risk posed by handling, processing, storage and consumption...
Mon, 08/05/2019 - 01:05
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Shruti Shukla, Jong Suk Lee, Vivek K. Bajpai, Imran Khan, Yun Suk Huh, Young-Kyu Han, Myunghee KimAbstractThe present study aimed to develop a consortium of nutritive fermented food products, supplemented with phytochemicals, with reduced toxicological contents. We developed new flavored Doenjang products (...
Fri, 08/02/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 452: Analysis of Mycotoxins Contamination in Poultry Feeds Manufactured in Selected Provinces of South Africa Using UHPLC-MS/MS Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080452 Authors: Sharon Maphala Mokubedi Judith Zanele Phoku Rumbidzai Naledi Changwa Sefater Gbashi Patrick Berka Njobeh A total of 105 different types of poultry feed samples from South Africa were...
Wed, 07/31/2019 - 01:03
Available online 29 July 2019 Author(s): Ewa Wielogorska, Yusuf Ahmed, Julie Meneely, William G. Graham, Christopher T. Elliott, Brendan F. GilmoreAbstractThe need for safe and quality food, free from the presence of hazardous contaminants such as mycotoxins is an on-going and complex challenge. Cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAPP) has the potential to contribute to achieving this goal....
Mon, 07/29/2019 - 00:00
Abstract The aims of this study were to analyse the occurrence of aflatoxins, aflatoxin M1 (AFM1), fumonisins, ochratoxin A (OTA), patulin (PAT), zearalenone (ZEN) and deoxynivalenol (DON) in foodstuffs consumed in Chile between 2008 and 2017 and to estimate the contribution of main contaminated foodstuff in human exposure by the probable daily intake (PDI) estimation. In 9 ...
Sun, 07/28/2019 - 20:00
Probiotics play an important role in the human and animal defense against liver damage. However, the protective mechanism of Lactobacillus plantarum C88 on chronic liver injury induced by mycotoxin remains unclea...
Thu, 07/25/2019 - 00:00
Abstract The present study was envisaged with an aim to determine the occurrence of antibiotic residues; enrofloxacin, oxytetracycline, penicillin G, sulphamethoxazole and chloramphenicol as well as mycotoxins; aflatoxin M1 and ochratoxin A in raw milk samples collected from individual animals from dairy farms located in 9 districts of Punjab, India. A total of 168 raw milk...
Mon, 07/22/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 430: Mycotoxin Contamination of Edible Non-Timber Forest Products in Cameroon Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11070430 Authors: Joseph Fovo Djeugap Sita Ghimire Immaculate Wanjuki Anne Muiruri Jagger Harvey The prevalence and concentrations of three major mycotoxins, total aflatoxin (AFs), fumonisin (F), and zearalenone (ZEN), were determined on seven edible non-...
Mon, 07/22/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 429: Aflatoxin in Chili Peppers in Nigeria: Extent of Contamination and Control Using Atoxigenic Aspergillus flavus Genotypes as Biocontrol Agents Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11070429 Authors: Chibundu N. Ezekiel Alejandro Ortega-Beltran Eniola O. Oyedeji Joseph Atehnkeng Philip Kössler Folasade Tairu Irmgard Hoeschle-Zeledon Petr Karlovsky Peter J. Cotty...
Sun, 07/21/2019 - 11:34
Aflatoxin contamination is a serious food safety and economic concern for the agriculture and processing industry throughout the world. Aflatoxins are the most potent carcinogens; therefore, an early detection of aflatoxin‐producing fungi is essential for ensuring food safety. In the present work, a rapid and sensitive PCR method for the detection of potential aflatoxin‐producing molds in...
Wed, 07/17/2019 - 01:03
Available online 13 July 2019 Author(s): Tao Wei, Pingping Ren, Linli Huang, Zicheng Ouyang, Ziying Wang, Xiangfeng Kong, Tiejun Li, Yulong Yin, Yongning Wu, Qinghua HeAbstractMycotoxins are toxic metabolites produced by fungi or molds, which may cause serious harm to human health through polluted cereal foods. In order to measure the typical mycotoxin contaminations in wheat and corn, a surface...
Tue, 07/16/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 415: Report of the IVth Workshop of the Spanish National Network on Mycotoxins and Toxigenic Fungi and Their Decontamination Processes (MICOFOOD), Held in Pamplona, Spain, 29–31 May 2019 Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11070415 Authors: González-Peñas Vettorazzi Lizarraga Azqueta López de Cerain The present publication collects the communications presented in...
Mon, 07/15/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 411: Understanding Mycotoxin Contamination Across the Food Chain in Brazil: Challenges and Opportunities Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11070411 Authors: Marta H. Taniwaki John I. Pitt Marina V. Copetti Aldir A. Teixeira Beatriz T. Iamanaka Brazil is one of the largest food producers and exporters in the world. In the late 20th century, the European Union program...
Sun, 07/14/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 409: AFM1 Detection in Milk by Fab’ Functionalized Si3N4 Asymmetric Mach–Zehnder Interferometric Biosensors Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11070409 Authors: Tatevik Chalyan Cristina Potrich Erik Schreuder Floris Falke Laura Pasquardini Cecilia Pederzolli Rene Heideman Lorenzo Pavesi Aflatoxins (AF) are naturally occurring mycotoxins, produced by many...
Sun, 07/14/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 410: Aflatoxin Binders in Foods for Human Consumption—Can This be Promoted Safely and Ethically? Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11070410 Authors: Sara Ahlberg Delia Randolph Sheila Okoth Johanna Lindahl Aflatoxins continue to be a food safety problem globally, especially in developing regions. A significant amount of effort and resources have been invested in an...
Fri, 07/12/2019 - 01:04
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2019Source: LWTAuthor(s): Pradeep Puligundla, Taehoon Lee, Chulkyoon MokAbstractAflatoxins are a class of mycotoxins produced predominantly by fungal species such as Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus and Aspergillus nomius. These fungi and their toxins are usually found in a variety of agricultural products. Some mycotoxins are highly toxic,...
Thu, 07/11/2019 - 00:00
Abstract The effect of dietary aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and Salmonella Enteritidis infection on intestinal permeability was investigated. Two hundred 1-day-old male Ross 308 broiler chickens were randomly divided into 4 treatments of 5 replicates each (10 birds per replicate), which were fed ad libitum for 3 weeks with the following treatments: control, chickens fed an AFB1-free diet...
Wed, 07/10/2019 - 00:00
The expression of genes associated with aflatoxin biosynthesis by different Aspergillus flavus strains growing on a cheese model system has not been studied. To control aflatoxin biosynthesis, it would be useful to understand the changes in gene expression during cheesemaking and relate those changes to toxin production. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of pH, water...
Mon, 07/01/2019 - 01:05
Available online 28 June 2019 Author(s): Hela Houissa, Salma Lasram, Michael Sulyok, Bojan Šarkanj, Angélique Fontana, Caroline Strub, Rudolf Krska, Sabine Galindo, Abdelwahed GhorbelAbstractThe current study assesses the natural occurrence of mycotoxins and fungal metabolites in Tunisian Pearl millet. Investigations using a multi-mycotoxin liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-tandem...
Mon, 07/01/2019 - 00:00
Abstract Peanuts with fungal contamination may contain aflatoxin, a highly carcinogenic substance. We propose the use of hyperspectral imaging to quickly and noninvasively identify fungi-contaminated peanuts. The spectral data and spatial information of hyperspectral images were exploited to improve identification accuracy. In addition, successive projection was adopted to...
Sun, 06/30/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 378: Pig Urinary Concentration of Mycotoxins and Metabolites Reflects Regional Differences, Mycotoxin Intake and Feed Contaminations Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11070378 Authors: Lucia Gambacorta Monica Olsen Michele Solfrizzo The determination of mycotoxin and metabolite concentrations in human and animal urine is currently used for risk assessment and mycotoxin...
Sat, 06/29/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 377: Ochratoxin A-Induced Hepatotoxicity through Phase I and Phase II Reactions Regulated by AhR in Liver Cells Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11070377 Authors: Hye Soo Shin Hyun Jung Lee Min Cheol Pyo Dojin Ryu Kwang-Won Lee Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a widespread mycotoxin produced by several species of the genera Aspergillus and Penicillium. OTA exists in a variety...
Thu, 06/27/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 375: Global Mycotoxin Occurrence in Feed: A Ten-Year Survey Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11070375 Authors: Christiane Gruber-Dorninger Timothy Jenkins Gerd Schatzmayr Mycotoxins contaminating animal feed can exert toxic effects in animals and be transferred into animal products. Therefore, mycotoxin occurrence in feed should be monitored. To this end, we performed...
Mon, 06/24/2019 - 20:00
Controlling aflatoxigenic Aspergillus flavus (Af) and aflatoxins in grains and food during storage are great challenge to humans worldwide. Alcaligenes faecalis N1-4 isolated from tea rhizosphere soil can produce abundant antifungal volatiles, and greatly inhibited the growth of Af in un-contacted face-to-face dual culture tests. Gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry revealed that dimethyl...
Mon, 06/24/2019 - 20:00
Aflatoxin B1 (AfB1) is a carcinogenic mycotoxin that contaminates food and feed worldwide. We determined the AfB1-adsorption capability of non-viable Pleurotus eryngii mycelium, an edible fungus, as a potential means for removal of AfB1 from contaminated solutions. Lyophilized mycelium was produced and made enzymatically inert by sterilization at high temperatures . The material thus obtained...
Mon, 06/24/2019 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 82, Issue 7, Page 1176-1182, July 2019.
Mon, 06/24/2019 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 82, Issue 7, Page 1176-1182, July 2019.
Mon, 06/24/2019 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 82, Issue 7, Page 1176-1182, July 2019.
Sun, 06/23/2019 - 01:07
Publication date: 15 November 2019 , Volume 298Author(s): Jinghua Wu, Lingwen Zeng, Nianlong Li, Chengshuai Liu, Junhua ChenAbstractA wash-free and label-free colorimetric biosensor for the amplified detection of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) has been constructed by the integration of an ingenious hairpin DNA probe with exonuclease III (Exo III)-assisted signal amplification. The presence of the AFB1...
Thu, 06/20/2019 - 01:12
Available online 18 June 2019 Author(s): Jomana Elaridi, Hani Dimassi, Hussein HassanAbstractAflatoxin M1 (AFM1) and ochratoxin A (OTA) are hepatotoxin and nephrotoxin mycotoxins, respectively. An investigation on their presence in baby formulae marketed in Lebanon was conducted. Infant formula samples were collected from 42 brands over two production dates (n = 84) during 2017–2018 and analyzed...
Thu, 06/20/2019 - 01:12
Available online 18 June 2019 Author(s): An-Dong Gong, Fei-Yan Dong, Meng-Jun Hu, Xian-Wei Kong, Fen-Fen Wei, Shuang-Jun Gong, Yi-Mei Zhang, Jing-Bo Zhang, Ai-Bo Wu, Yu-Cai LiaoAbstractThe contamination of food with Aspergillus flavus and subsequent aflatoxins is considered as one of the most severe safety problems in the world. The application of microorganisms and the produced bio-active...
Thu, 06/20/2019 - 01:06
Publication date: Available online 7 June 2019Source: LWTAuthor(s): Sofía Sampaolesi, Raúl Ricardo Gamba, Graciela Liliana De Antoni, Ángela María León PeláezAbstractBeer is the most consumed alcoholic beverage worldwide and brewery is a growing industry. Biomass by-product of beer production is constituted by viable and non-viable flocculated yeasts which are discarded. To increase the value of...
Wed, 06/19/2019 - 05:29
Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the ability of the Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain LC‐4 to bind aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in phosphate‐buffered saline (PBS) and yogurt. Bacterial cells were subjected to heat, acid, and alkali treatments. The AFM1‐binding rate of acid‐treated bacteria was of 78.63 ± 0.52%. The binding of L. rhamnosus LC‐4 to AFM1 was partially reversible and the binding of AFM1...
Wed, 06/19/2019 - 05:29
Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the ability of the Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain LC‐4 to bind aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in phosphate‐buffered saline (PBS) and yogurt. Bacterial cells were subjected to heat, acid, and alkali treatments. The AFM1‐binding rate of acid‐treated bacteria was of 78.63 ± 0.52%. The binding of L. rhamnosus LC‐4 to AFM1 was partially reversible and the binding of AFM1...
Wed, 06/19/2019 - 01:16
Publication date: Available online 17 June 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Qin Zhao, Zhao-Si Yang, San-Jie Cao, Yung-Fu Chang, Yu-Qin Cao, Jia-Bing Li, Zi-Xuan Yao, Yi-Ping Wen, Xiao-Bo Huang, Rui Wu, Qi-Gui Yan, Yong Huang, Xiao-Ping Ma, Xin-Feng Han, Yinglong WuAbstractCadmium and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) are both common and widespread pollutants in food and feed. There are several...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 13:44
Abstract The detoxification ability of Lactobacillus acidophilus and prebiotics was evaluated by a Plackett‐Burman Design to examine the reduction of concentration and bioaccessibility of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and M1 (AFM1) in artificially contaminated whole cow's milk. Six variables were evaluated: AFB1 (3.25–6.0 μg L−1) or AFM1 (1.0–2.0 μg L−1) concentration; incubation time (0–6 h); and inulin,...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 13:44
Abstract The detoxification ability of Lactobacillus acidophilus and prebiotics was evaluated by a Plackett‐Burman Design to examine the reduction of concentration and bioaccessibility of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and M1 (AFM1) in artificially contaminated whole cow's milk. Six variables were evaluated: AFB1 (3.25–6.0 μg L−1) or AFM1 (1.0–2.0 μg L−1) concentration; incubation time (0–6 h); and inulin,...

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