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Thu, 08/22/2019 - 01:03
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Yanju Xiao, Bingjie Liu, Zijuan Wang, Chenlu Han, Xianghong Meng, Fang ZhangAbstractPorcine pancreatic lipase (PPL) was used to degrade the mycotoxin patulin (PAT) in pear juice. The dosage of PPL, the initial concentration of PAT, reaction temperature and time were investigated by batch experiments to study...
Thu, 08/22/2019 - 00:00
Abstract Recently, it was reported that ochratoxin A (OTA) mycotoxin, produced by a number of Aspergillus and Penicillium fungal species, may cause neuropsychological impairment or mental and emotional disorders but the mechanism of neurotoxicity remains unknown. Adverse effects of OTA in human (SHSY5Y) and mouse (HT22) neuronal cell lines were studied in vitro. OTA was found to...
Tue, 08/20/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 481: Biotransformation of the Mycotoxin Zearalenone to its Metabolites Hydrolyzed Zearalenone (HZEN) and Decarboxylated Hydrolyzed Zearalenone (DHZEN) Diminishes its Estrogenicity In Vitro and In Vivo Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080481 Authors: Fruhauf Novak Nagl Hackl Hartinger Rainer Labudová Adam Aleschko Moll Thamhesl Grenier...
Sun, 08/18/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 476: Impact of Naturally Contaminated Substrates on Alphitobius diaperinus and Hermetia illucens: Uptake and Excretion of Mycotoxins Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080476 Authors: Giulia Leni Martina Cirlini Johan Jacobs Stefaan Depraetere Natasja Gianotten Stefano Sforza Chiara Dall’Asta Insects are considered a suitable alternative feed for livestock...
Sat, 08/17/2019 - 00:00
A biochip chemiluminescent immunoassay was validated for multi-mycotoxins screening in maize. Screened mycotoxins were aflatoxins B1 (AFB1) and G1 (AFG1) ochratoxin A (OTA), zearalenone (ZEA), toxin T2 (T2), fumonisins (sum of FB1 and FB2) and deoxynivalenol (DON). The method included a single extraction step with acetonitrile:methanol:water (50:40:10, v/v/v). Spiked samples...
Mon, 08/12/2019 - 01:03
Publication date: Available online 10 August 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Luísa Freire, Marianna M. Furtado, Tatiane M. Guerreiro, Juliana S. da Graça, Beatriz S. da Silva, Diogo N. Oliveira, Rodrigo R. Catharino, Anderson S. Sant’AnaAbstractYeasts are able to reduce the levels of ochratoxin A in fermentative processes; and, through their enzymatic complex, these micro-organisms...
Mon, 08/12/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 471: Determination of Ochratoxin A (OTA), Ochratoxin B (OTB), T-2, and HT-2 Toxins in Wheat Grains, Wheat Flour, and Bread in Lebanon by LC-MS/MS Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080471 Authors: Jomana Elaridi Osama Yamani Amira Al Matari Saada Dakroub Zouhair Attieh Cereals are prone to fungal infection during growth, harvesting, transportation, and/or storage....
Sun, 08/11/2019 - 01:04
Available online 9 August 2019 Author(s): Lourdes Sánchez-Montero, Juan J. Córdoba, Alberto Alía, Belén Peromingo, Félix NúñezAbstractEnvironmental conditions during ripening of dry-cured meat products favour growth of fungal population on their surface. Some of these moulds can produce mycotoxins. Paprika is one of the ingredients usually used in the formulation of raw-cured sausages, and its...
Wed, 08/07/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 463: Investigation of Zearalenone Adsorption and Biotransformation by Microorganisms Cultured under Cellular Stress Conditions Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080463 Authors: Rogowska Pomastowski Walczak Railean-Plugaru Rudnicka Buszewski The zearalenone binding and metabolization ability of probiotic microorganisms, such as lactic acid bacteria,...
Fri, 08/02/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 455: Lack of Toxic Interaction Between Fusariotoxins in Broiler Chickens Fed throughout Their Life at the Highest Level Tolerated in the European Union Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080455 Authors: Metayer Travel Mika Bailly Cleva Boissieu Guennec Froment Albaric Labrut Lepivert Marengue Tardieu Guerre Fusarium mycotoxins (FUS)...
Fri, 08/02/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 452: Analysis of Mycotoxins Contamination in Poultry Feeds Manufactured in Selected Provinces of South Africa Using UHPLC-MS/MS Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080452 Authors: Sharon Maphala Mokubedi Judith Zanele Phoku Rumbidzai Naledi Changwa Sefater Gbashi Patrick Berka Njobeh A total of 105 different types of poultry feed samples from South Africa were...
Thu, 08/01/2019 - 08:16
Abstract BACKGROUND Maize is one of the most important cereals worldwide used for different purposes and industries. This cereal is prone to contamination with mycotoxins, such as zearalenone (ZEN) produced mainly by Fusarium graminearum, F. culmorum and F. equiseti. Toxin production under high moist conditions (aw > 0.95) is optimized with temperature alternations between low (12‐14°C) and...
Thu, 08/01/2019 - 01:04
Available online 29 July 2019 Author(s): Hiram A. Wall-Martínez, Xenia Pascari, Aleix Bigorda, Antonio J. Ramos, Sonia Marín, Vicente SanchisAbstractThe aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 15 commercial yeasts in the mitigation of the Fusarium mycotoxins deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEN) during the brewing process. Saccharomyces strains (10 strains of S. cerevisiae and 5 of S...
Thu, 08/01/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 451: Zearalenone Contamination in Corn, Corn Products, and Swine Feed in China in 2016–2018 as Assessed by Magnetic Bead Immunoassay Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080451 Authors: Li Yang Mao Hong Du In total, 405 samples of corn, corn products, and swine feed from China in 2016&amp;ndash;2018 were surveyed for zearalenone (ZEN) contamination using a...
Wed, 07/31/2019 - 01:03
Available online 29 July 2019 Author(s): Ewa Wielogorska, Yusuf Ahmed, Julie Meneely, William G. Graham, Christopher T. Elliott, Brendan F. GilmoreAbstractThe need for safe and quality food, free from the presence of hazardous contaminants such as mycotoxins is an on-going and complex challenge. Cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAPP) has the potential to contribute to achieving this goal....
Tue, 07/30/2019 - 01:05
Publication date: Available online 29 July 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Xuan Yang, Yijia Li, Lirong Zheng, Xiaoyun He, Yunbo Luo, Kunlun Huang, Wentao XuAbstractThe incidence of kidney disease has increased rapidly in recent years. One major possible reason for this increase in nephrosis is from foodborne toxins. Since the mechanism of how foodborne toxins are involved in the...
Mon, 07/29/2019 - 01:03
Publication date: January 2020 , Volume 107Author(s): Vincent Hort, Marina Nicolas, Angélique Travel, Catherine Jondreville, Corentin Maleix, Elisabeth Baéza, Erwan Engel, Thierry GuérinAbstractThis study assessed the transfer of fumonisins B1 and B2 (FBs), zearalenone (ZEA) and zearalenone metabolites α-zearalanol (α-ZAL) and α-zearalenol (α-ZEL) to poultry tissues. Two experimental groups of 9...
Mon, 07/29/2019 - 00:00
Abstract The aims of this study were to analyse the occurrence of aflatoxins, aflatoxin M1 (AFM1), fumonisins, ochratoxin A (OTA), patulin (PAT), zearalenone (ZEN) and deoxynivalenol (DON) in foodstuffs consumed in Chile between 2008 and 2017 and to estimate the contribution of main contaminated foodstuff in human exposure by the probable daily intake (PDI) estimation. In 9 ...
Sun, 07/28/2019 - 01:04
Available online 26 July 2019 Author(s): M.R. Bragulat, M.L. Abarca, G. Castellá, F.J. CabañesAbstractOchratoxin A (OTA) is a nephrotoxic mycotoxin naturally found in a wide range of food commodities throughout the world. Aspergillus carbonarius is the most important source of OTA in food commodities such as wine, grapes and dried vine fruits and is also responsible for the formation of OTA in...
Sun, 07/28/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 447: Label-Free Fluorescent Aptasensor for Ochratoxin—A Detection Based on CdTe Quantum Dots and (N-Methyl-4-pyridyl) Porphyrin Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080447 Authors: Li Liu Zafar Iqbal Tanveer Keqiu Jiang Qingwen Huang Jinghui Zhang Yongjiang Wu Zheng Han With the widespread contamination of ochratoxin A (OTA), it is of significant importance for...
Sat, 07/27/2019 - 01:07
Publication date: Available online 26 July 2019Source: Author(s): Chen Li, Wenying Chen, Lirong Zheng, Boyang Zhang, Xuqin Yang, Qipeng Zhang, Ning Wang, Yan Wang, Jieyeqi Yang, Jingzhou Sha, Zheng Zhou, Xiaohong Li, Yuzhe Li, Xiao Li ShenAbstractOchratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin ubiquitous in feeds and foodstuffs. The water-insoluble pentacyclic triterpene bioactive compound, ursolic acid (UA),...
Fri, 07/26/2019 - 00:00
Abstract Mycotoxins are difficult to monitor continuously, and a tool to assess the risk would help to judge if there is a particular risk due to the inclusion of certain feed ingredients. For this, the toxin contents of 97 commercial fish feeds have been estimated, and the most prominent toxins in fish feed are calculated to be deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, fumonisins and...
Thu, 07/25/2019 - 08:48
Abstract The main safety issue of cereal grains is mycotoxin contamination. There is no published information about mycotoxin contamination of organic wheat in the United States. This study quantified the contents of deoxynivalenol (DON) and ochratoxin A (OTA), two frequently occurring mycotoxins, in organic wheat samples collected from six counties in North Carolina by enzyme‐linked...
Thu, 07/25/2019 - 08:48
Abstract The main safety issue of cereal grains is mycotoxin contamination. There is no published information about mycotoxin contamination of organic wheat in the United States. This study quantified the contents of deoxynivalenol (DON) and ochratoxin A (OTA), two frequently occurring mycotoxins, in organic wheat samples collected from six counties in North Carolina by enzyme‐linked...
Thu, 07/25/2019 - 00:00
Abstract The present study was envisaged with an aim to determine the occurrence of antibiotic residues; enrofloxacin, oxytetracycline, penicillin G, sulphamethoxazole and chloramphenicol as well as mycotoxins; aflatoxin M1 and ochratoxin A in raw milk samples collected from individual animals from dairy farms located in 9 districts of Punjab, India. A total of 168 raw milk...
Wed, 07/24/2019 - 01:03
Publication date: Available online 22 July 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Sheraz Ahmed Bhatti, Muhammad Zargham Khan, Muhammad Kashif Saleemi, Zahoor Ul Hassan, Aisha KhatoonAbstractOchratoxin A (OA), the secondary metabolite of certain Aspergillus and Penicillium species, is one of the potent biological immune-suppressor. The present study was designed to explore the in-vivo...
Tue, 07/23/2019 - 07:08
This work studied the ability of Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus natto to degrade zearalenone (ZEN) and analyzed the amounts of ZEN in cell residues. The effect of different processing conditions on the degradation capacity of the bacteria was then analyzed. Finally, B. subtilis and B. natto were applied to food. The results showed that at 48 hr, the degradation rates of the two taxa were 100% and...
Tue, 07/23/2019 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 82, Issue 8, Page 1390-1397, August 2019.
Tue, 07/23/2019 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 82, Issue 8, Page 1390-1397, August 2019.
Mon, 07/22/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 430: Mycotoxin Contamination of Edible Non-Timber Forest Products in Cameroon Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11070430 Authors: Joseph Fovo Djeugap Sita Ghimire Immaculate Wanjuki Anne Muiruri Jagger Harvey The prevalence and concentrations of three major mycotoxins, total aflatoxin (AFs), fumonisin (F), and zearalenone (ZEN), were determined on seven edible non-...
Fri, 07/19/2019 - 01:03
Available online 17 July 2019 Author(s): Tânia Leal, Luís Abrunhosa, Lucília Domingues, Armando Venâncio, Carla OliveiraAbstractAnalytical chromatographic techniques for mycotoxins control are well established, but they often depend on costly immunoaffinity sample clean-up. Serum albumins, particularly that from bovine origin (BSA), have stable binding affinity towards some mycotoxins, and can be...
Wed, 07/17/2019 - 01:03
Available online 13 July 2019 Author(s): Manshun Liu, Jing Wang, Xin Wang, Wenxin Zhu, Xiaolin Yao, Lihong Su, Jing Sun, Tianli Yue, Jianlong WangAbstractPatulin (PAT) contamination of apple juice leads to a serious food safety issue. Developing an excellent adsorbent to efficiently remove PAT is more desirable. Herein, a cost-effective and efficient adsorbent (GO-SH/diatomite) with abundant...
Wed, 07/17/2019 - 01:03
Available online 13 July 2019 Author(s): Tao Wei, Pingping Ren, Linli Huang, Zicheng Ouyang, Ziying Wang, Xiangfeng Kong, Tiejun Li, Yulong Yin, Yongning Wu, Qinghua HeAbstractMycotoxins are toxic metabolites produced by fungi or molds, which may cause serious harm to human health through polluted cereal foods. In order to measure the typical mycotoxin contaminations in wheat and corn, a surface...
Tue, 07/16/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 415: Report of the IVth Workshop of the Spanish National Network on Mycotoxins and Toxigenic Fungi and Their Decontamination Processes (MICOFOOD), Held in Pamplona, Spain, 29–31 May 2019 Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11070415 Authors: González-Peñas Vettorazzi Lizarraga Azqueta López de Cerain The present publication collects the communications presented in...
Mon, 07/15/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 411: Understanding Mycotoxin Contamination Across the Food Chain in Brazil: Challenges and Opportunities Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11070411 Authors: Marta H. Taniwaki John I. Pitt Marina V. Copetti Aldir A. Teixeira Beatriz T. Iamanaka Brazil is one of the largest food producers and exporters in the world. In the late 20th century, the European Union program...
Thu, 07/11/2019 - 01:05
Available online 10 July 2019 Author(s): Bruno Tilocca, Virgilio Balmas, Zahoor Ul Hassan, Samir Jaoua, Quirico MigheliAbstractThe use of yeast-derived volatile organic compounds (VOCs) represents a promising strategy for the biological control of various plant pathogens, including mycotoxin-producing fungi. Previous studies demonstrated the efficacy of the low-fermenting yeast Candida intermedia...
Thu, 07/11/2019 - 01:05
Available online 10 July 2019 Author(s): Josué Delgado, Ana-Rosa Ballester, Félix Núñez, Luis González-CandelasAbstractPostharvest fungal diseases are among the main causes of fresh fruit losses. Chemical control is against claims for “natural” or “chemical-free” products. Biocontrol agents, such as antifungal proteins or their producing moulds, may serve to combat unwanted pathogens. Since the...
Wed, 07/10/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 400: Distinct Transcriptional Changes in Response to Patulin Underlie Toxin Biosorption Differences in Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11070400 Authors: Christian I. Oporto Carlos A. Villarroel Sebastián M. Tapia Verónica García Francisco A. Cubillos Patulin (4-hydroxy-4H-furo[3,2c]pyran-2[6H]-one) is a mycotoxin produced by a suite of...
Tue, 07/02/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 387: Fumonisin B1 Induces Oxidative Stress and Breaks Barrier Functions in Pig Iliac Endothelium Cells Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11070387 Authors: Qiaoling Yuan Yancheng Jiang Ying Fan Yingfeng Ma Hongyu Lei Jianming Su Fumonisins (Fums) are types of mycotoxin that widely contaminante feed material crops, and can trigger potential biological toxicities to...
Mon, 07/01/2019 - 01:05
Available online 30 June 2019 Author(s): Andrea Tarazona, José V. Gómez, Eva M. Mateo, Misericordia Jiménez, Fernando MateoAbstractCereal grains are essential ingredient in food, feed and industrial processing. One of the major causes of cereal spoilage and mycotoxin contamination is the presence of toxigenic Fusarium spp. Nanoparticles have immense applications in agriculture, nutrition,...
Mon, 07/01/2019 - 01:05
Available online 29 June 2019 Author(s): Juliana Ramos, Juliana Mareze, Eleni Patrinou, Jesús A. Santos, Teresa-María López-DíazAbstractFifteen samples of semi-hard ripened cheeses, both spoiled (10) and unspoiled (5), and obtained from cheese factories located in Northwest of Spain, were analysed by a dilution plating technique and direct sampling. A total of 32 isolates were identified at...
Mon, 07/01/2019 - 01:05
Available online 29 June 2019 Author(s): Linlin Shang, Xuexia Bai, Chi Chen, Lijun Liu, Mingyan Li, Xiaoshuang Xia, Yun WangAbstractOchratoxin A (OTA) is a type of mycotoxin mainly produced by fungus belonging to the genus Aspergillus and Penicillium and plays a critical role in food safety since it causes serious health problem. Biological control by using microorganisms is considered a...
Mon, 07/01/2019 - 01:05
Available online 28 June 2019 Author(s): Hela Houissa, Salma Lasram, Michael Sulyok, Bojan Šarkanj, Angélique Fontana, Caroline Strub, Rudolf Krska, Sabine Galindo, Abdelwahed GhorbelAbstractThe current study assesses the natural occurrence of mycotoxins and fungal metabolites in Tunisian Pearl millet. Investigations using a multi-mycotoxin liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-tandem...
Mon, 07/01/2019 - 00:00
As patulin is a kind of mycotoxin commonly found in fruit products, it is of great importance to develop simple and accurate analytical methods for the sensitive detection of patulin (PAT). In this work, based on molecular imprinted polymer (MIP) and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) technique, a specific and sensitive PAT sensor was developed. To prepare the MIP-SERS...
Sun, 06/30/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 378: Pig Urinary Concentration of Mycotoxins and Metabolites Reflects Regional Differences, Mycotoxin Intake and Feed Contaminations Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11070378 Authors: Lucia Gambacorta Monica Olsen Michele Solfrizzo The determination of mycotoxin and metabolite concentrations in human and animal urine is currently used for risk assessment and mycotoxin...

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