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Mon, 07/01/2019 - 00:00
As patulin is a kind of mycotoxin commonly found in fruit products, it is of great importance to develop simple and accurate analytical methods for the sensitive detection of patulin (PAT). In this work, based on molecular imprinted polymer (MIP) and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) technique, a specific and sensitive PAT sensor was developed. To prepare the MIP-SERS...
Sat, 06/15/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 342: Occurrence of Mycotoxins in Swine Feeding from Spain Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11060342 Authors: Natalia Arroyo-Manzanares Vicente Rodríguez-Estévez Plácido Arenas-Fernández Ana M. García-Campaña Laura Gámiz-Gracia A survey including 228 pig feed samples from Spain has been developed, exploring the occurrence of 19 mycotoxins (aflatoxins B1, B2, G1 and...
Fri, 06/14/2019 - 01:06
Publication date: September 2019Source: LWT, Volume 112Author(s): Tiago de Melo Nazareth, Juan Manuel Quiles, Raquel Torrijos, Fernando Bittencourt Luciano, Jordi Mañes, Giuseppe MecaAbstractThe present study evaluated the efficacy of allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) in avoiding the growth of Penicillium verrucosum and consequent ochratoxin A (OTA) production in barley during storage for 90 d....
Fri, 06/14/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 341: Cytotoxicity, Genotoxicity and Disturbance of Cell Cycle in HepG2 Cells Exposed to OTA and BEA: Single and Combined Actions Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11060341 Authors: Juan-García Tolosa Juan Ruiz Mycotoxins are produced by a number of fungal genera spp., for example, Aspergillus, Penicillium, Alternaria, Fusarium, and Claviceps. Beauvericin (BEA) and...
Thu, 06/13/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 337: Cold Plasma Treatment as an Alternative for Ochratoxin a Detoxification and Inhibition of Mycotoxigenic Fungi in Roasted Coffee Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11060337 Authors: Paloma Patricia Casas-Junco Josué Raymundo Solís-Pacheco Juan Arturo Ragazzo-Sánchez Blanca Rosa Aguilar-Uscanga Pedro Ulises Bautista-Rosales Montserrat Calderón-Santoyo Ochratoxin...
Wed, 06/12/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 333: Effects of Dietary Zearalenone on Oxidative Stress, Cell Apoptosis, and Tight Junction in the Intestine of Juvenile Grass Carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11060333 Authors: Ya-Li Wang Xiao-Qiu Zhou Wei-Dan Jiang Pei Wu Yang Liu Jun Jiang Shang-Wen Wang Sheng-Yao Kuang Ling Tang Lin Feng Zearalenone (ZEA) is a prevalent...
Sat, 06/08/2019 - 01:13
Available online 4 June 2019 Author(s): Suyan Qiu, Lijuan Yuan, Yihua Wei, Dawen Zhang, Qinglong Chen, Zhenyu Lin, Linguang LuoAbstractA novel signal-on portable sensing system has been developed for OTA detection using personal glucose meter (PGM) as signal transducer. In the study, we explore the potential of using a short dsDNA as template to trigger the “click” ligation of two DNA strands,...
Sat, 06/08/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 329: Occurrence of the Ochratoxin A Degradation Product 2′R-Ochratoxin A in Coffee and Other Food: An Update Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11060329 Authors: Franziska Sueck Vanessa Hemp Jonas Specht Olga Torres Benedikt Cramer Hans-Ulrich Humpf Food raw materials can contain the mycotoxin ochratoxin A (OTA). Thermal processing of these materials may result in...
Sat, 06/08/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 330: Application of Zearalenone (ZEN)-Detoxifying Bacillus in Animal Feed Decontamination through Fermentation Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11060330 Authors: Shiau-Wei Chen Han-Tsung Wang Wei-Yuan Shih Yan-An Ciou Yu-Yi Chang Laurensia Ananda Shu-Yin Wang Jih-Tay Hsu Zearalenone (ZEN) is an estrogenic mycotoxin which can cause loss in animal production....
Fri, 06/07/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 328: Fumonisins: Impact on Agriculture, Food, and Human Health and their Management Strategies Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11060328 Authors: Madhu Kamle Dipendra K. Mahato Sheetal Devi Kyung Eun Lee Sang G. Kang Pradeep Kumar The fumonisins producing fungi, Fusarium spp., are ubiquitous in nature and contaminate several food matrices that pose detrimental...
Thu, 06/06/2019 - 01:12
Publication date: Available online 5 June 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Tongtong Shen, Yufan Miao, Chenchen Ding, Wentao Fan, Shuhui Liu, Yanan Lv, Xiaona Gao, Marthe De Boevre, Liping Yan, Sheila Okoth, Sarah De Saeger, Suquan SongAbstractZearalenone (ZEA) can widely contaminate crops and agricultural products. The ingestion of ZEA-contaminated food or feed affects the integrity...
Wed, 06/05/2019 - 01:12
Available online 3 June 2019 Author(s): Josué Delgado, Félix Núñez, Miguel A. Asensio, Rebecca A. OwensAbstractDry-cured meat products are usually contaminated with moulds during ripening. Although fungal development contributes to the desired sensory characteristics, some moulds, such as Penicillium nordicum are able to produce ochratoxin A (OTA) on meat products. Therefore, strategies to...
Fri, 05/31/2019 - 01:12
Available online 28 May 2019 Author(s): Xianfeng Ren, Qi Zhang, Wenhua Wu, Tingting Yan, Xiaoqian Tang, Wen Zhang, Li Yu, Peiwu LiAbstractAn anti-idiotypic nanobody-phage display-mediated immuno-polymerase chain reaction (PD-IPCR) method was developed for simultaneous quantitative detection of total aflatoxins and zearalenone in cereals. Two phages, displaying the variable domain of the heavy...
Fri, 05/31/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 312: Mycotoxins at the Start of the Food Chain in Costa Rica: Analysis of Six Fusarium Toxins and Ochratoxin A between 2013 and 2017 in Animal Feed and Aflatoxin M1 in Dairy Products Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11060312 Authors: Andrea Molina Guadalupe Chavarría Margarita Alfaro-Cascante Astrid Leiva Fabio Granados-Chinchilla Mycotoxins are secondary...
Thu, 05/30/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 308: Occurrence of Deoxynivalenol and Ochratoxin A in Beers and Wines Commercialized in Paraguay Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11060308 Authors: Andrea Alejandra Arrúa Juliana Moura Mendes Pablo Arrúa Francisco Paulo Ferreira Gabriela Caballero Cinthia Cazal Man Mohan Kohli Inocencia Peralta Gabriela Ulke Danilo Fernández Ríos Alcoholic beverages can...
Mon, 05/27/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 301: Degrading Ochratoxin A and Zearalenone Mycotoxins Using a Multifunctional Recombinant Enzyme Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11050301 Authors: Md Shofiul Azam Dianzhen Yu Na Liu Aibo Wu Zearalenone (ZEA) is an estrogenic and ochratoxin A (OTA) is a hepatotoxic Fusarium mycotoxin commonly seen in cereals and fruits products. No previous investigation has studied...
Sun, 05/26/2019 - 01:13
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Nurshad Ali, Gisela H. DegenAbstractThe Fusarium toxin zearalenone (ZEN) is of concern due to its pronounced estrogenic effects in mammalian species. ZEN contaminates various cereal crops and grain-based food along with modified forms which contribute to overall mycoestrogen exposure. As no data exist on the...
Sun, 05/26/2019 - 01:12
Publication date: 15 October 2019 , Volume 295Author(s): Maria Carla CraveroAbstractThis review collates the scientific literature regarding organic and biodynamic wines. It concerns techniques that allow organic or biodynamic wines to be distinguished from conventional products. Other aspects of the organic wines addressed include the antioxidant capacities and the content of compounds...
Fri, 05/24/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 295: Fengycin Produced by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42 Inhibits Fusarium graminearum Growth and Mycotoxins Biosynthesis Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11050295 Authors: Alvina Hanif Feng Zhang Pingping Li Chuchu Li Yujiao Xu Muhammad Zubair Mengxuan Zhang Dandan Jia Xiaozhen Zhao Jingang Liang Taha Majid Jingyuau Yan Ayaz Farzand Huijun Wu Qin...
Fri, 05/24/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 296: Time-Dependent Changes in the Intestinal Microbiome of Gilts Exposed to Low Zearalenone Doses Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11050296 Authors: Katarzyna Cieplińska Magdalena Gajęcka Michał Dąbrowski Anna Rykaczewska Sylwia Lisieska-Żołnierczyk Maria Bulińska Łukasz Zielonka Maciej T. Gajęcki Zearalenone is a frequent contaminant of cereals and their by...
Thu, 05/23/2019 - 01:12
Available online 21 May 2019 Author(s): Gilson Parussolo, Maurício Schneider Oliveira, Marcelo Valle Garcia, Angélica Olivier Bernardi, Jéssica Gonçalves Lemos, Andrieli Stefanello, Carlos Augusto Mallmann, Marina Venturini CopettiAbstractThe occurrence of ochratoxin A (OTA) in matured meat products can be attributed to mycotoxin coming from raw materials and/or molds that develop on the product...
Thu, 05/23/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 292: Rapid and Simple Detection of Ochratoxin A using Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer on Lateral Flow Immunoassay (FRET-LFI) Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11050292 Authors: Hyun-Kyung Oh Hyou-Arm Joung Minhyuk Jung Hohjai Lee Min-Gon Kim The detection of mycotoxins is crucial because of their toxicity in plants, animals, and humans. It is very important...
Thu, 05/23/2019 - 00:00
Abstract Degradation of the mycotoxin patulin (PAT) and the generation of (less toxic) breakdown products, such as (E/Z)-ascladiol (ASC-E/Z) and desoxypatulinic acid (D-PAT), can occur due to chemical, physical and biological treatments. Our study focused on the chemical degradation of PAT in the presence of ascorbic acid (AA) both for pure PAT standard in acidified aqueous...
Wed, 05/22/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 290: Prevalent Mycotoxins in Animal Feed: Occurrence and Analytical Methods Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11050290 Authors: Carolina Santos Pereira Sara C. Cunha José O. Fernandes Today, we have been witnessing a steady tendency in the increase of global demand for maize, wheat, soybeans, and their products due to the steady growth and strengthening of the livestock...
Mon, 05/20/2019 - 01:11
Available online 18 May 2019 Author(s): Xiaoxu Zhang, Menghua Li, Zhan Cheng, Liyan Ma, Longlian Zhao, Jingming LiAbstractThis study investigated discrimination and prediction of ochratoxin A (OTA) in three Aspergillus carbonarius strains cultured grape-based medium using E-nose technology and GC-MS analysis. Results showed that these strains cultured medium samples were divided into four groups...
Mon, 05/20/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 280: Development of an Anti-Idiotypic VHH Antibody and Toxin-Free Enzyme Immunoassay for Ochratoxin A in Cereals Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11050280 Authors: Caixia Zhang Qi Zhang Xiaoqian Tang Wen Zhang Peiwu Li Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test kits have been widely used for the determination of mycotoxins in agricultural products and foods,...
Fri, 05/17/2019 - 01:12
Available online 14 May 2019 Author(s): Dojin Ryu, Ryan Joseph Kowalski, Girish Ganjyal, Hyun Jung LeeAbstractOchratoxin A (OTA) is one of the most important mycotoxins due to its widespread occurrence and toxicity, including nephrotoxicity and potential carcinogenicity to humans. OTA has been detected in a wide range of agricultural commodities and their processed products such as infant cereals...
Tue, 05/14/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 271: Long Term Monitoring (2014–2018) of Multi-Mycotoxins in South African Commercial Maize and Wheat with a Locally Developed and Validated LC-MS/MS Method Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11050271 Authors: Hannalien Meyer Zanele Diana Skhosana Mamsy Motlanthe Wiana Louw Egmont Rohwer Mycotoxins occur worldwide in the major grains, and producers, traders and...
Tue, 05/14/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 270: Assessment of Aflatoxin and Fumonisin Contamination and Associated Risk Factors in Feed and Feed Ingredients in Rwanda Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11050270 Authors: Kizito Nishimwe Erin Bowers Jean de Dieu Ayabagabo Richard Habimana Samuel Mutiga Dirk Maier Mycotoxins are fungal metabolites that contaminate crops, food, and animal feeds. Aflatoxins and...
Mon, 05/13/2019 - 01:11
Publication date: Available online 11 May 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Lenis Liverpool-Tasie, Nikita Saha Turna, Oluwatoyin Ademola, Adewale Obadina, Felicia WuAbstractAflatoxin and fumonisin are two major foodborne mycotoxins: toxic chemicals produced by fungi that contaminate food commodities including maize, a staple food in sub-Saharan Africa. Aflatoxin causes liver cancer, and...
Sat, 05/11/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 264: Effects of Subcutaneous Ochratoxin-A Exposure on Immune System of Broiler Chicks Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11050264 Authors: Shahzad Akbar Khan Emerson J. Venancio Mario A. Ono Eduardo V. Fernandes Elisa Y. Hirooka Cleverson F. Shimizu Alexandre Oba Karina K. M. C. Flaiban Eiko N. Itano Ochratoxin A (OTA), an immunosuppressive mycotoxin, can...
Fri, 05/10/2019 - 00:00
Abstract Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a nephrotoxic mycotoxin with nephrocarcinogenic potential found in a broad spectrum of food commodities. The mode of action of this compound, as well as its metabolism, is still not fully understood. To determine whether the conjugation of OTA with glutathione plays an important role in human OTA metabolism, an ochratoxin-glutathione conjugate (OTB...
Tue, 05/07/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 257: Fusarium Mycotoxins Stability during the Malting and Brewing Processes Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11050257 Authors: Piacentini Benešová Pernica Savi Rocha Hartman Čáslavský Corrêa Běláková Mycotoxins are widely studied by many research groups in all aspects, but the stability of these compounds needs further research for clarification....
Tue, 05/07/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 256: Hydrophobized Reversed-Phase Adsorbent for Protection of Dairy Cattle against Lipophilic Toxins from Diet. Efficiensy in Vitro and in Vivo Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11050256 Authors: Sotnichenko Pantsov Shinkarev Okhanov The steady growth of inflammatory diseases of the udder in dairy cattle forces us to look for the causes of this phenomenon in the...
Tue, 05/07/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 254: Occurrence and Risk Assessment of Mycotoxins through Polish Beer Consumption Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11050254 Authors: Jan Grajewski Robert Kosicki Magdalena Twarużek Anna Błajet-Kosicka Poland is one of Europe&amp;rsquo;s leading producers and exporters of beer. The study, herein, describes the measurement of ochratoxin A, deoxynivalenol, nivalenol...
Wed, 05/01/2019 - 01:10
Available online 29 April 2019 Author(s): Zahoor Ul Hassan, Roda Al Thani, Virgilio Balmas, Quirico Migheli, Samir JaouaAbstractThis study aimed to explore the incidence of Fusarium fungi and their mycotoxins in marketed feed in Qatar. Samples of mixed-grain-cereal, maize, wheat, millet, barley, oat and soybean were tested for the presence of zearalenone (ZEN), fumonisins, T2/HT2 and...
Tue, 04/30/2019 - 01:14
Publication date: Available online 28 April 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Arnau Vidal, Salma Ouhibi, Ridha Gali, Abderrazzek Hedhili, Sarah De Saeger, Marthe De BoevreAbstractPatulin (PAT) is a common mycotoxin in fruit products, especially in apples and apple-based products. The European Commission has set maximum levels for PAT in food. Nevertheless, worrying PAT levels were...
Mon, 04/29/2019 - 15:00
Abstract BACKGROUND The impact of climate change has been identified as an emerging issue worldwide due to potential effects that can provoke changes in the nature and occurrence of food safety hazards. Mycotoxins are a group of naturally occurring toxic substances produced by several genera of filamentous fungi, among which, primarily aflatoxins, fumonisins, ochratoxins, trichothecenes, and...
Sun, 04/28/2019 - 01:13
Publication date: Available online 26 April 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Belqes Ahmad Al-Jaal, Morana Jaganjac, Andrei Barcaru, Peter Horvatovich, Aishah LatiffAbstractHuman exposure to mycotoxins occurs mostly through dietary intake, although exposure through dermal and inhalation routes has also been shown. Depending on the type of mycotoxins, the applied dose and duration of...
Sun, 04/28/2019 - 01:13
Publication date: Available online 25 April 2019 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Iman Saleh, Ipek GoktepeAbstractMycotoxins are the secondary metabolites secreted by different types of fungi to which humans can get exposed mainly via ingestion. Patulin (C7H6O4) is a polyketide lactone produced by various fungal specifies, including Penicillium expansum as the main producer. P. expansum can...
Thu, 04/25/2019 - 20:00
Role of Starter Cultures on the Safety of Fermented Meat Products Marta Laranjo1*, Maria Eduarda Potes1,2 and Miguel Elias1,3 1ICAAM-Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais Mediterrânicas, Universidade de Évora, Pólo da Mitra, Évora, Portugal 2Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Escola de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade de Évora, Pólo...
Thu, 04/25/2019 - 00:00
Abstract 1-Octen-3-ol is one of the most abundant volatile compounds associated with fungi and functions as a germination and growth inhibitor in several species. By investigating its effect on the biosynthesis of patulin, a mycotoxin made by Penicillium expansum, it was found that a sub-inhibitory level of volatile 1-octen-3-ol increased accumulation of patulin on a medium that...
Wed, 04/24/2019 - 00:00
Abstract Microbial contamination in metalworking systems is a critical problem. This study determined the microbial communities in metalworking fluids (MWFs) from two machining shops and investigated the effect of quorum sensing inhibition (QSI) on biofilm growth. In both operations, biofilm-associated and planktonic microbial communities were dominated by Pseudomonadales (60.2–...
Tue, 04/23/2019 - 11:53
High‐TB Pu‐erh tea made by a novel process was compared with commercial tea samples. All teas were free of aflatoxins, fumonisins, ochratoxin A, and viable microbes. Dietary intake of investigated trace elements was below the safe limits. The new tea was comparable to conventional Pu‐erh tea in appearance and taste. Summary Theabrownins (TB) are polymeric phenolic compounds associated with...
Fri, 04/19/2019 - 01:12
Publication date: Available online 17 April 2019Source: Author(s): Lucian Del Fabbro, Cristiano Ricardo Jesse, Marcelo Gomes de Gomes, Carlos Borges Filho, Franciele Donato, Leandro Cattelan Souza, André Rossito Goes, Ana Flásvia Furian, Silvana Peterini BoeiraAbstractThe mycotoxin zearalenone (ZEA) has strong estrogenic effects and elicits reproductive toxicity. Chrysin is a natural flavonoid...
Tue, 04/16/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 227: Mycotoxins during the Processes of Nixtamalization and Tortilla Production Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11040227 Authors: Sara Schaarschmidt Carsten Fauhl-Hassek Tortillas are a traditional staple food in Mesoamerican cuisine, which have also become popular on a global level, e.g., for wraps or as snacks (tortilla chips). Traditional tortilla production includes...
Mon, 04/15/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 224: Occurrence of Mycotoxigenic Fusarium Species and Competitive Fungi on Preharvest Maize Ear Rot in Poland Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11040224 Authors: Karolina Gromadzka Lidia Błaszczyk Jerzy Chełkowski Agnieszka Waśkiewicz Maize has become one of the most important crops for food and feed production&amp;mdash;both as a silage and crop residue worldwide...
Sun, 04/14/2019 - 01:12
Available online 12 April 2019 Author(s): Lijun Luo, Shuai Ma, Libo Li, Xiaohong Liu, Jiayi Zhang, Xia Li, Dong Liu, Tianyan YouAbstractAccurate and early diagnosis of mycotoxin is particularly significant to the food and agricultural product safety. In the present work, a sensitive and effective monitoring method for zearalenone (ZEN) was exploited based on a novel self-enhanced...
Fri, 04/12/2019 - 00:00
Journal of Agricultural and Food ChemistryDOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.8b05948

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