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Natural toxins

Wed, 08/29/2018 - 01:03
Available online 27 August 2018 Author(s): Xiaohong Li, Hui Tang, Chao Yang, Xianghong Meng, Bingjie LiuAbstractPatulin is a kind of mycotoxin, which occurs in food industry frequently and constitutes serious threats to human health. In this work, a strain of yeast with patulin degradation was screened, and identified as Rhodotorula mucilaginosa (R. mucilaginosa JM19) by 26S rDNA D1/D2 region...
Wed, 08/29/2018 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 10, Pages 348: A Risk Assessment of Aflatoxin M1 Exposure in Low and Mid-Income Dairy Consumers in Kenya Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins10090348 Authors: Sara Ahlberg Delia Grace Gideon Kiarie Yumi Kirino Johanna Lindahl Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1), a human carcinogen, is found in milk products and may have potentially severe health impacts on milk consumers. We assessed the risk...
Wed, 08/29/2018 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 10, Pages 347: Colon Microbiome of Pigs Fed Diet Contaminated with Commercial Purified Deoxynivalenol and Zearalenone Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins10090347 Authors: Kondreddy Eswar Reddy Jin Young Jeong Jaeyong Song Yookyung Lee Hyun-Jeong Lee Dong-Wook Kim Hyun Jung Jung Ki Hyun Kim Minji Kim Young Kyoon Oh Sung Dae Lee Minseok Kim Deoxynivalenol (DON) and...
Tue, 08/28/2018 - 01:09
Publication date: Available online 26 August 2018 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Volodymyr Tryndyak, Iryna Kindrat, Kostiantyn Dreval, Mona I. Churchwell, Frederick A. Beland, Igor P. PogribnyAbstractThe increasing number of man-made chemicals in the environment that may pose a carcinogenic risk highlights the need for developing reliable time- and cost-effective approaches for carcinogen...
Mon, 08/27/2018 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 10, Pages 345: Effects of Nano-Composite Adsorbents on the Growth Performance, Serum Biochemistry, and Organ Weights of Broilers Fed with Aflatoxin-Contaminated Feed Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins10090345 Authors: Mookiah Saminathan Jinap Selamat Atena Abbasi Pirouz Norhani Abdullah Idrus Zulkifli The exploration of feed mycotoxin adsorbents to mitigate the adverse...
Sat, 08/25/2018 - 01:08
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2018Source: Author(s): Magdalena Gajęcka, Agnieszka Waśkiewicz, Łukasz Zielonka, Piotr Goliński, Anna Rykaczewska, Sylwia Lisieska-Żołnierczyk, Maciej T. GajęckiAbstractMost plant materials are contaminated with small doses of Fusarium mycotoxins and its modified forms that exert subclinical toxic effects on humans and animals. The aim of this study...
Sat, 08/25/2018 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 10, Pages 344: Effective Adsorption of Patulin from Apple Juice by Using Non-Cytotoxic Heat-Inactivated Cells and Spores of Alicyclobacillus Strains Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins10090344 Authors: Marina Sajid Sajid Mehmood Chen Niu Yahong Yuan Tianli Yue Patulin (PAT) is a major threat to many food products, especially apple and apple products, causing human health risks...
Sun, 08/19/2018 - 01:07
Available online 18 August 2018 Author(s): Brandon T. Pfannenstiel, Claudio Greco, Andrew T. Sukowaty, Nancy P. KellerAbstractDue to the role, both beneficial and harmful, that fungal secondary metabolites play in society, the study of their regulation is of great importance. Genes for any one secondary metabolite are contiguously arranged in a biosynthetic gene cluster (BGC) and subject to...
Sat, 08/18/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: Available online 17 August 2018 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Ashley Allemang, Catherine Mahony, Cathy Lester, Stefan PfuhlerAbstractPlant-based 1,2-unsaturated Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids (PAs) can be found as contaminants in foods like teas, herbs and honey. PAs are responsible for liver genotoxicity/carcinogenicity following metabolic activation, making them a relevant...
Fri, 08/17/2018 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 81, Issue 9, Page 1508-1518, September 2018.
Fri, 08/17/2018 - 01:13
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2018 Food and Chemical ToxicologyAuthor(s): Xiaozhe Qi, Liye Zhu, Bo Yang, Haoshu Luo, Wentao Xu, Xiaoyun He, Kunlun HuangAbstractOchratoxin A (OTA) is a secondary metabolite of fungi such as Aspergillus ochraceus, A. niger and A. carbonarius, Penicillium verrucosum, and various other Penicillium, Petromyces, and Neopetromyces species. Various foods...
Fri, 08/17/2018 - 01:11
Available online 16 August 2018 Author(s): Alireza Sadeghi, Maryam Ebrahimi, Seyed Ali Mortazavi, Abbas AbedfarAbstractIn vitro antifungal activity against Aspergillus niger was used to screen the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from whole wheat sourdough. Sequencing results of the PCR products led to the identification of Lactobacillus reuteri as the selected isolate. The LAB isolate had a...
Tue, 08/14/2018 - 01:09
Available online 13 August 2018 Author(s): Warawut Krusong, Ruttipron Pothimon, Assanee VichitrakaABSTRACTMold contaminated on bread sold in local market was isolated and identified as Aspergillus fumigatus. Then, the bio-control of ethanol on A. fumigatus for significantly reducing consumer health risk was investigated. Susceptibility of the mold to evaporated vapor-phase ethanol (EVE) was...
Tue, 08/14/2018 - 01:09
Available online 13 August 2018 Author(s): R.A.M. Magzoub, A.A.A. Yassin, A.M. Abdel-Rahim, E.A. Gubartallah, M. Miskam, B. Saad, S. SabarAbstractA study on the photocatalytic detoxification of aflatoxins in Sudanese peanut oil was performed using titanium dioxide (TiO2) that was immobilized on a glass support as the photocatalyst and a 500 W high-pressure lamp (with emitted UV of 920 W/m2 and...
Tue, 08/14/2018 - 00:00
Abstract Milk is an important source of energy and nutrients, especially for children, and in Kenya, milk consumption is higher than other countries in the region. One major concern with milk is the risks of chemical contaminants, and reports of high levels of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in milk in Kenya has been causing public health concerns. This study collected marketed milk...
Tue, 08/14/2018 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 10, Pages 330: Biological Degradation of Aflatoxin B1 by Cell-Free Extracts of Bacillus velezensis DY3108 with Broad PH Stability and Excellent Thermostability Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins10080330 Authors: Xian Shu Yuting Wang Qing Zhou Minghao Li Hao Hu Yuhan Ma Xue Chen Jun Ni Weiwei Zhao Shengwei Huang Lifang Wu (1) Background: Aflatoxin contamination in...
Sun, 08/12/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTAflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is very harmful for broiler production and public health. The water-soluble castoff in gluten production, i.e., the water-soluble substances of wheat (WSW) that contains 14% pentosan has positive effect on animal nutrient absorption, immunity, and antioxidation. Our study aims to investigate the preventive effects of WSW against AFB1-induced broiler liver injury. One...
Sat, 08/11/2018 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 10, Pages 327: Feasibility of A Novel On-Site Detection Method for Aflatoxin in Maize Flour from Markets and Selected Households in Kampala, Uganda Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins10080327 Authors: Alex Paul Wacoo Deborah Wendiro Sarah Nanyonga Joseph F. Hawumba Wilbert Sybesma Remco Kort In sub-Saharan Africa, there is a high demand for affordable and accessible methods...
Fri, 08/10/2018 - 01:08
Available online 9 August 2018 Author(s): G.K. Blankson, F.C. Mills-Robertson, I.W. OfosuAbstractFifty cereal-based products intended for infants and young children were purchased at retail level across Greater Accra Region in Accra Metropolis from June- September, 2013. The samples included rice-based, corn-based, wheat-based, oat-based, millet-based, legume-based and mixed grain. Extraction...
Thu, 08/09/2018 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 10, Pages 324: Human Poisoning from Marine Toxins: Unknowns for Optimal Consumer Protection Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins10080324 Authors: Natalia Vilariño M. Carmen Louzao Paula Abal Eva Cagide Cristina Carrera Mercedes R. Vieytes Luis M. Botana Marine biotoxins are produced by aquatic microorganisms and accumulate in shellfish or finfish following the food web....
Wed, 08/08/2018 - 17:00
Carolina M. Bedoya-Serna, Euder C. Michelin, Marina M. Massocco, Lucas C. S. Carrion, Silvia H. S. Godoy, Cesar G. Lima, Paulo S. Ceccarelli, George S. Yasui, George E. Rottinghaus, Ricardo L. M. Sousa, Andrezza M. Fernandes Aflatoxins (AF) can be cumulative in fish tissues and can influence weight, length, feed intake and survival depending on the species. The aim of this work is to measure...
Tue, 08/07/2018 - 01:07
Available online 6 August 2018 Author(s): Hyun Jung Lee, Singeun Kim, Hyung Joo Suh, Dojin RyuAbstractOchratoxin A (OTA) represents one of the most widespread mycotoxins in agricultural commodities in the world and is considered as a possible human carcinogen with its potent nephrotoxicity. Since OTA is stable under most food processing conditions, it has been detected in a variety of cereal...
Mon, 08/06/2018 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 10, Pages 319: Distribution Analysis of Twelve Mycotoxins in Corn and Corn-Derived Products by LC-MS/MS to Evaluate the Carry-Over Ratio during Wet-Milling Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins10080319 Authors: Juhee Park Dong-Ho Kim Ji-Young Moon Jin-Ah An Young-Woo Kim Soo-Hyun Chung Chan Lee This study investigated the distribution of twelve mycotoxins (aflatoxins B1, B2...
Mon, 08/06/2018 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 10, Pages 316: Low Doses of Ochratoxin-A Decrease IgY and IgA Production in Broiler Chicks Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins10080316 Authors: Shahzad A. Khan Emerson J. Venancio Eduardo V. Fernandes Elisa Y. Hirooka Alexandre Oba Karina K. M. C. Flaiban Eiko N. Itano The mycotoxin, ochratoxin-A (OTA), produced by some fungi, and is a natural contaminant of many foods and...
Sat, 08/04/2018 - 01:13
Publication date: Available online 4 August 2018Source: Author(s): Dietrich Mebs, Mari Yotsu-Yamashita, Werner Pogoda, Joseph Vargas Alvarez, Raffael Ernst, Gunther Köhler, Stefan W. ToennesAbstractFrogs of the family Dendrobatidae are known to contain toxic alkaloids in their skin secretion, but Allobates species of the closely related Aromobatidae family are considered to lack toxic secretions...
Sat, 07/28/2018 - 01:11
Available online 27 July 2018 Author(s): Yujie Chen, Qing Kong, Yuan LiangAbstractAspergillus flavus is one of the major moulds that infect crops, and produces the most carcinogenic and toxic compounds-aflatoxins. The previous research demonstrated that a marine bacterium, Bacillus megaterium, inhibited the growth of A. flavus and the biosynthesis of aflatoxin B1 in peanuts. In this study, five...
Fri, 07/27/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: Available online 26 July 2018Source: Author(s): Nakisa Abbasian, Saeideh Momtaz, Maryam Baeeri, Mona Navaei-Nigjeh, Rohollah Hosseini, Mohammad AbdollahiAbstractGlobally, food and animal feed contamination with mycotoxins is one of the most important challenges affecting human health. Zearalenone is a non-steroidal mycotoxin with estrogen-like activity that has been reported to...
Fri, 07/27/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: Available online 26 July 2018Source: Author(s): Anna Rykaczewska, Magdalena Gajęcka, Michał Dąbrowski, Anita Wiśniewska, Justyna Szcześniewska, Maciej T. Gajęcki, Łukasz ZielonkaAbstractThe aim of this study was to determine whether exposure to low doses of zearalenone (ZEN) induces changes in the serum biochemical profile and body weights (BW). Pre-pubertal gilts (with BW of up...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: November 2018Source: LWT, Volume 97Author(s): Min Li, Weizhu Chen, Zhuo Zhang, Zhiwei Zhang, Bangzhu PengAbstractPatulin (PAT) is a toxic metabolite produced by several filamentous fungi common to fruit- and vegetable-based products, which results in a potential food safety hazard. Over the past few years, there have been reports stating that PAT was removed by yeast from some...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 01:11
Available online 24 July 2018 Author(s): Nada El Darra, Lucia Gambacorta, Michele SolfrizzoAbstractAflatoxins and ochratoxin A are regulated in Europe for some spices (Capsicum spp., Piper spp., Myristica fragrans, Zingiber officinale, Curcuma longa) and mixtures of spices containing one or more of these spices. No mycotoxin limits are in force for herbs. A total of 132 samples of spices (94) and...
Tue, 07/24/2018 - 01:17
Available online 23 July 2018 Author(s): Naveen Kumar Kalagatur, Venkataramana Mudili, Jalarama Reddy Kamasani, Chandranayaka SiddaiahAbstractIn the present study, discrete and combined inhibitory effects of Cananga odorata essential oil (COEO) and irradiation were established on growth and production of deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEA) by Fusarium graminearum in maize kernels. Chemical...
Tue, 07/24/2018 - 01:17
Available online 23 July 2018 Author(s): Tito Damiani, Laura Righetti, Michele Suman, Gianni Galaverna, Chiara Dall’AstaAbstractThe aim of the present work was to evaluate the effect of sample particle size on fumonisins recovery during the extraction step. Four maize samples were ground and the resulted flours were separated in six different fractions according to their particle size (1000-250 ...
Tue, 07/17/2018 - 01:51
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.
Mon, 07/16/2018 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 10, Pages 294: Multi-Mycotoxin Occurrence in Dairy Cattle Feeds from the Gauteng Province of South Africa: A Pilot Study Using UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins10070294 Authors: Rumbidzai Changwa Wilfred Abia Titus Msagati Hlengilizwe Nyoni Khanyisa Ndleve Patrick Njobeh The indispensable nature of toxigenic fungi and mycotoxins in agricultural systems is...
Thu, 07/12/2018 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 10, Pages 288: Detection of the Potential Inactivation of Tetrodotoxin by Lactic Acid Bacterial Exopolysaccharide Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins10070288 Authors: Nguyen Hoang Khue Tu Nghe Van Dat Le Van Canh Doan Thi Thanh Vinh Screening for compounds that can neutralize the toxicity of tetrodotoxin (TTX) or reduce its negative effects is necessary. Our study tested the TTX...
Wed, 07/11/2018 - 01:13
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2018Source: Author(s): Priyanka Soni, Md. Sajid Ghufran, Santosh R. KanadeAbstractThe compulsive and insidious secondary metabolite aflatoxin B1, produced by the opportunistic fungi Aspergillus flavus, upholds a distinguished place in midst of the toxicants causing fatal hazards to humans. Aflatoxins alter the function of host cells by inducing multiple...
Tue, 07/10/2018 - 01:13
Winnie-Pui-Pui Liew, Zainuddin Nurul-Adilah, Leslie T. L. Than, Sabran Mohd-Redzwan
Mon, 07/09/2018 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 10, Pages 284: Toxicity Assay for Citrinin, Zearalenone and Zearalenone-14-Sulfate Using the Nematode Caenorhabditis elegans as Model Organism Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins10070284 Authors: Julia Keller Antje Borzekowski Hajo Haase Ralph Menzel Liliane Rueß Matthias Koch To keep pace with the rising number of detected mycotoxins, there is a growing need for fast and...
Fri, 07/06/2018 - 01:14
Publication date: August 2018 Food and Chemical Toxicology, Volume 118Author(s): Amin Mousavi Khaneghah, Yadolah Fakhri, Susan Raeisi, Bahram Armoon, Anderson S. Sant'AnaAbstractThis study aimed to estimate the prevalence and concentration of total aflatoxin (TAF) ochratoxin A (OTA), zearalenone (ZEN) and deoxynivalenol (DON) in bread, cornflakes, breakfast cereals and pasta-based products...
Fri, 07/06/2018 - 01:14
Publication date: August 2018 Food and Chemical Toxicology, Volume 118Author(s): Vladimir Ostry, Frantisek Malir, Martina Cumova, Veronika Kyrova, Jakub Toman, Yann Grosse, Marketa Pospichalova, Jiri RuprichAbstractTwenty three strains of Penicillium expansum, as a predominant species, were isolated from 23 (92%) out of 25 grape samples of 17 different grape varieties. The results of the...
Fri, 07/06/2018 - 01:14
Publication date: October 2018Source: LWT, Volume 96Author(s): A.K. López-Meneses, M. Plascencia-Jatomea, J. Lizardi-Mendoza, D. Fernández-Quiroz, F. Rodríguez-Félix, R.R. Mouriño-Pérez, M.O. Cortez-RochaAbstractEssential oils (EO) have been studied as a possible substitute of fungicides. EO have been loaded in polymeric nanoparticles to prevent their degradation and enhance antifungal activity....
Fri, 07/06/2018 - 01:14
Publication date: August 2018 Food and Chemical Toxicology, Volume 118Author(s): Jamal Rahmani, Solmaz Alipour, Ali Miri, Yadolah Fakhri, Seyed-Mohammad Riahi, Hassan Keramati, Masoud Moradi, Nazak Amanidaz, Rokhsane Hosseini Pouya, Zohreh Bahmani, Amin Mousavi KhaneghahAbstractThe current investigation was undertaken to take a review of the performed studies regarding the concentration and...

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