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Poultry Science

Mon, 08/13/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThis study investigated the hypothesis that dietary supplementation of lignocellulose in broilers influences the gut bacterial population and bacterial fermentation, has anti-inflammatory effects, and increases mucin synthesis in the intestine, and, through these changes, influences broiler performance positively. Day-old male Cobb 500 broilers (n = 96) were allotted to 3 experimental...
Mon, 08/13/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTIn 2016, USDA-Food Safety and Inspection Service began using a neutralizing buffered peptone water (nBPW) to rinse broiler carcasses for Salmonella and Campylobacter performance standard testing. The nBPW contains standard buffered peptone water (BPW) with compounds to neutralize residual antimicrobials that may be transferred from the carcass to the sample rinsate. However, a direct...
Sun, 08/12/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTAflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is very harmful for broiler production and public health. The water-soluble castoff in gluten production, i.e., the water-soluble substances of wheat (WSW) that contains 14% pentosan has positive effect on animal nutrient absorption, immunity, and antioxidation. Our study aims to investigate the preventive effects of WSW against AFB1-induced broiler liver injury. One...
Mon, 08/06/2018 - 20:00
AbstractSalmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Gallinarum biovar Gallinarum (S. Gallinarum) and biovar Pullorum (S. Pullorum) are gram-negative bacteria, members of the most important infectious pathogens, and have caused common problems in the poultry industry, especially in the developing countries. O- and H-antigen specific anti-sera are commonly for slide and tube agglutination tests to...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 20:00
AbstractThis study was performed to isolate fowl adenovirus (FAdV) circulating in commercial meat-type chicken in Egypt during 2015 and to identify the pathogenicity of the isolated virus. Cloacal swabs were collected from 9 commercial broiler farms from chickens of 3–5 wk of age in Behira province in Egypt during 2015. FAdV was isolated on chicken embryo liver cells. The virus was identified by...
Fri, 07/20/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTNecrotic enteritis (NE) caused by Clostridium perfringens has emerged as an important disease associated with major economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. The ban and voluntary withdraw of antimicrobial growth promoters used to control NE have resulted in resurgence of NE. Moreover, consumer demand for antibiotic free poultry product has continued to grow. The presence of the...
Fri, 07/20/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThe avian adeno-associated virus (AAAV) has been proved to be an efficient gene transfer vector for human gene therapy and vaccine research. In this experiment, an AAAV-based vaccine was evaluated for the development of a vaccine against duck hepatitis a virus type 1 (DHAV-1). The major capsid VP1 gene was amplified and subcloned into pFBGFP containing the inverted terminal repeats of...
Fri, 07/20/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTGamma-linolenic acid (GLA) is a fatty acid from the ω-6 family. It is able to deliver a wide range of health benefits arising from its anti-inflammatory effects. An insufficient supply of GLA from agricultural and animal sources resulted in the development of a fermentation technique using lower filamentous fungi, which have the ability to accumulate high concentrations of GLA and beta-...
Mon, 07/16/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTIn this study, Salmonella prevalence and antimicrobial resistance were evaluated at various production stages in 2 geographically separated breeder farms (referred to as G and F). Day-old chicks for the breeder flock at farm F were purchased from farm G. A total of 219 Salmonella isolates, all identified as Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Enteritidis, were recovered from 1,430...
Mon, 07/16/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTNext-generation DNA sequencing is rapidly becoming a powerful tool for food animal management. One valuable use of this technology is to re-examine long-standing observations of performance differences associated with animal husbandry practices to better understand how these differences may be modulated by the gastrointestinal (GI) microbiome. The influences of environmental parameters...
Thu, 07/05/2018 - 20:00
AbstractNotwithstanding the National Salmonella Control Programs, the latest data published by the European Food Safety Authority show an increase in Salmonella Enteritidis prevalence in laying hen flocks. For this reason, the implementation of innovative techniques such as phage therapy is needed to control Salmonella at farm level. Most common bacteriophage applications are a cocktail of 2 or...
Wed, 07/04/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTCampylobacter is the leading bacterial cause of foodborne diarrheal illness in humans and source attribution studies unequivocally identify handling or consumption of poultry meat as a key risk factor. Campylobacter colonizes the avian intestines in high numbers and rapidly spreads within flocks. A need therefore exists to devise strategies to reduce Campylobacter populations in poultry...
Mon, 07/02/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTCampylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) is one of the most important zoonotic pathogens worldwide. In Europe, the majority of the cases are caused by consuming contaminated poultry meat. The objective of the present study was to investigate potential effects of different crude protein levels in complete diets for broilers on infection dynamics of C. jejuni after experimental infection. In total...
Mon, 07/02/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThis experiment was conducted to study the effects of drinking water supplementation of synbiotic product PoultryStar®sol (containing Lactobacillus reuteri, Bifidobacterium animalis, Pediococcus acidilactici, Enterococcus faecium, and fructo-oligosaccharide) in laying hens with and without a Salmonella challenge. A total of 384 one-day-old layer chicks were randomly distributed to the...
Mon, 07/02/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTExperiments were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a lysozyme product (InovapureTM) (LP) against E. coli penetrating eggshells. In the first microbiological experiment, 60 agar-filled eggs were inoculated with E. coli suspension, then fumigated with distilled water, 1.5% or 3.0% LP or a quaternary ammonium product (QA) at 0.125% for 10 min. In the second microbiological...
Mon, 06/25/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThe present work compared 7 different culture methods and 3 selective-differential plating media for Salmonella ser. Enteritidis (SE) and S. ser. Typhimurium (ST) isolation using artificially contaminated poultry feces. The sensitivity (Se) and accuracy (AC) values increased when Modified Semisolid Rappaport Vassiliadis (MSRV) methods were used in place of the Tetrathionate (TT) or...
Mon, 06/25/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTIn order to broaden the antimicrobial action spectrum of lysozyme against Gram-negative bacteria, different partially reduced lysozyme derivatives were obtained by reducing the R-S-S-R bonds of lysozyme using the reducing agent Na2SO3. The circular dichroism behavior analysis showed that the tertiary structure of the partially reduced lysozyme molecules became more flexible, leading to an...
Tue, 06/19/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTIn this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of canthaxanthin (CX) and iodine (I) on the production of laying hens, on counteracting debilitation of the vitelline membrane, and on inhibiting Salmonella growth in eggs stored at 30°C. Three hundred hens were reared in cages. Birds were divided into six feeding groups (10 hens × 5 repetitions) that were administered 0, 3 or 6 ppm of CX and...
Tue, 06/19/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTCampylobacter is a bacterium that colonizes the lower gastrointestinal tract of poultry and may influence the intestinal environment to promote its survival. The objective of this study was to characterize the effects of Campylobacter challenge on the mRNA abundance of nutrient transporters and host defense peptides (HDP), such as the avian β-defensins (AvBD) and liver expressed...
Tue, 06/19/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTH9N2 subtype avian influenza virus (AIV) was the highly contagious pathogen which has caused severe losses in the poultry industry throughout China in recent years. Using current epidemic viruses as vaccine was an effective way to prevent infection of H9N2 subtype AIV. In this study, a total of 23 H9N2 subtype AIV strains were isolated in 200 samples from 13 provinces of China during 2012...
Mon, 06/18/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTAn outbreak of H5N2 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in 2015, resulting in mandatory euthanization of millions of chickens, was one of the most fatal in the US history. The aim of this study was to detect genes associated with survival following natural infection with HPAI during this outbreak. Blood samples were collected from 274 individuals from 3 commercial varieties of White...
Thu, 06/14/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTEnterocytes function as both absorptive and protective components of intestine that come in close contact with a variety of enteric factors, such as dietary, microbial, and parasites, that have potential to affect the organismal health. Understanding how enterocytes interact with this complex array of factors may help improve gut health particularly in the context of poultry production...
Thu, 06/14/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTDuck hepatitis A virus type 1 (DHAV-1) is a serious infectious virus of ducklings. Recent study showed baicalin (BA) and baicalin phospholipid complex (BAPC) possessed anti-DHAV-1 effect. However, the antiviral mechanism is not clear. Therefore, the aim of the present work is to study influences and mechanisms of BA and BAPC on DHAV-1. The effects of BA and BAPC on DHAV-1 replication were...
Thu, 06/07/2018 - 20:00
AbstractIn Indonesia, market channels play an important role in food security in poultry meats. This review explains Indonesian consumers’ choice of market channels to purchase poultry, and consumer concern of food scares and food safety in their consumption due to highly pathology avian influenza (HPAI) outbreak. The survey was conducted for the traditional and the modern channels and involves a...
Thu, 06/07/2018 - 20:00
AbstractThe impact of restrictive feeding programs on Salmonella and Campylobacter colonization and persistence after challenge was investigated for broiler breeder pullets housed in an experimental rearing facility. Pullet-chicks were placed on litter in 3 feeding program rooms and each room contained 2 replicate pens. The feeding programs were: (1) Skip-a-day in trough feeders (SAD); (2) Every-...
Tue, 05/29/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTGenotypes of Campylobacter jejuni in Baltic fresh broiler chicken meat and in Estonian human origin samples were determined by using MLST. We observed associations between clonal complexes, sequence types, and antibiotic resistance of C. jejuni isolates. The detection of high proportions of fluoroquinolone resistance among Latvian (100.0%) and Lithuanian (84.6%) origin broiler chicken...
Tue, 05/29/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThis study aimed to investigate the effect of cysteamine hydrochloride (CSH) supplementation on the growth performance, opportunistic bacteria and enterotoxic markers, visceral lesions, glutathione turnover, and inflammatory factors of broilers fed diets contaminated with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). One-day-old Arbor Acres broilers (n = 480) were randomly allocated to 4 treatments with 6...
Fri, 05/25/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThe present study investigated the toxic impacts of lead (LD) on the productive and reproductive performances of Japanese quails and the role of Yucca schidigera extract (YSE) in reducing these impacts. A total of 360 mature Japanese quails (at 2 months of age) were used and the experiment was lasted for 8 wk. The birds were divided into 6 equal groups as follows: control (basal diet),...
Thu, 05/17/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTSalmonella enterica serovar Oranienburg (SO) was linked to a human salmonellosis outbreak in the Midwest in 2015 and 2016 from consumption of eggs. However, unlike Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (SE), little is known regarding the potential of SO to colonize in laying hens and contaminate eggs. We used in vivo and in vitro models to evaluate tissue colonization and survival...
Thu, 05/17/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThis study evaluated the preventive effect of the spontaneous oxidation of β-carotene (OxC-beta) in broiler chickens with necrotic enteritis by Clostridium perfringens taking into consideration various parameters including clinical signs, body weight, intestinal lesion severity, and bacterial enumeration. The mean body weight of the OxC-beta treatment groups increased significantly (P...
Sun, 05/13/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThe present study was conducted to estimate the apparent prevalence of Salmonella spp. in free-ranging waterfowl that inhabitant Entre Ríos, Argentina, determine the antimicrobial resistance of the isolated, and compare the performance of two selective plating media used for Salmonella isolation. Five hundred ninety nine free-living waterfowl were sampled one time by cloacal swab from...
Thu, 05/10/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTDuck hepatitis A virus type 1 (DHAV-1) is one of the main pathogens of ducklings and causes a high mortality rate. Baicalin (BA) has potent antiviral effect, but the solubility is very poor. In order to increase the absorption, solubility, and pharmacological activity, the phospholipid complex was used to modify BA in present study. Therefore, BA phospholipid complex (BAPC) was prepared....
Thu, 05/10/2018 - 20:00
AbstractThis study investigated the presence and the level of Campylobacter spp. contamination in 41 thigh samples (with skin) and 37 skinless breast samples collected at the end of slaughter (T1) and after 10 day period at refrigeration temperature (4°C) (T2), corresponding to their commercial shelf life. The isolates were phenotypically classified as Campylobacter spp. and successively...
Wed, 05/09/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to assess the quantitative prevalence, antibiotic resistance, and molecular subtyping pattern of Campylobacter isolates from chicken and duck products from poultry slaughterhouses in South Korea. A total of 240 chicken (n = 120) and duck (n = 120) carcass samples collected from 12 poultry slaughterhouses between June 2014 and February 2015 in 12 South...
Wed, 05/02/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTExtending the laying period of laying hens is beneficial for economic and sustainability purposes. Because vaccines were designed with a shorter laying period envisaged, it is unclear whether current Salmonella vaccines can provide sufficient levels of protection against infection at an older age. The purpose of this experiment was to determine the efficacy of early rearing vaccination...
Thu, 04/19/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTVertical integration of the broiler industry allows producers to combine different biosecurity and sanitation practices, housing technologies, and feeding regimens to improve food safety. The objectives of this study were to determine the antimicrobial resistance pattern of β-lactamase-producing E. coli and to compare the characteristics of E. coli recovered from 7 different integrated...
Thu, 04/19/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThe interaction of 3 water sanitizers (sodium hypochlorite, iodine-polyvinylpyrrolidone, and citrate) utilized in poultry production on antibacterial activity and bioavailability of amoxicillin trihydrate (AMX) were studied. Sanitizers were mixed with AMX in prepared water, the resulting substances were regarded as amoxicillin-sanitizer products (ASP). First, the in vitro antibacterial...
Thu, 04/19/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThis study evaluated the effects of Bacillus subtilis CGMCC 1.921 supplementation on the production performance, cecal microbiota and mucosal transcriptome of laying hens by 16s rRNA gene sequencing and RNA-seq. A total of 144 27-week-old Hy-Line Brown laying hens were allocated into two treatments, namely, a basal diet without additions (T0) and the basal diet supplemented with 1.0 × 108...
Mon, 04/16/2018 - 20:00
AbstractDrinking water for poultry is not subject to particular microbiological, chemical and physical requirements, thereby representing a potential transmission route for pathogenic microorganisms and contaminants and/or becoming unsuitable for water-administered medications. This study assessed the microbiological, chemical and physical drinking water quality of 28 turkey farms in North-...
Mon, 04/16/2018 - 20:00
AbstractThis study was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of an alcoholic propolis extract (15%) as a disinfectant for Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) hatching eggs. A total of 600 eggs were randomly divided into four experimental groups: 1) negative control (NC), without disinfection, 2) control (C), fumigated with formaldehyde gas, 3) (A), sprayed with 96% alcohol, and 4) (P...
Thu, 04/12/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTA study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of fructooligosaccharides (FOS) in controlling the infection of Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) in White Leghorns. A total of 30 laying hens (white leghorns W-36) were challenged both orally and cloacally with approximately 108 colony-forming units of nalidxic acid resistant SE (SENAR) and divided into 3 treatments: 1) SENAR challenged + 0.0% FOS...
Tue, 04/10/2018 - 20:00
AbstractBacterial communication has become an increasingly studied topic aiming at the discovery of new products to aid the treatment of diseases for which conventional options do not work. The production of safe foods, free of pathogens, has been receiving increasing attention due to market demands for food products of high quality and free of residues. This study assessed the communication...
Tue, 04/10/2018 - 20:00
AbstractThis study was conducted to evaluate the protective efficacy of dietary Bacillus coagulans (B. coagulans) supplementation in birds receiving Salmonella enteritidis (SE). Two hundred and forty 1-day-old Cobb broilers were randomly assigned to 2 × 2 factorial arrangements of treatments with 2 levels of dietary B. coagulans (0 or 400 mg/kg) and 2 levels of SE challenge (0 or 1 × 109 SE...
Wed, 04/04/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThe maintenance of integrity of the gastrointestinal tract is an important aspect for animal productivity, since it is able to absorb nutrients more efficiently and serves as a barrier against microorganisms. To control agents detrimental to intestinal integrity, growth-promoting antibiotics (AGP) are used, which reduce the number of toxin-producing microorganisms in the intestinal lumen...
Tue, 03/27/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTAvian leukosis virus subgroup K (ALV-K) is an emerging ALV tumor virus of chickens. We developed a SYBR green-based real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the rapid and economical detection of ALV-K in chicken flocks. The assay was specific for ALV-K and did not cross-react with other ALV subgroup or avian influenza virus, Newcastle disease virus, or Marek's Disease virus....
Mon, 03/26/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTSalmonella spp. are among the most common foodborne pathogens, and increase in the occurrence of antimicrobial drug-resistant Salmonella poses a severe risk to public health. The main objective of this study was to determine changes in Salmonella prevalence and their antimicrobial resistance on poultry farms following recommendations to changes in biosecurity practices. Four poultry farms...
Mon, 03/19/2018 - 20:00
AbstractThe future poultry nutritionist, veterinarian, and husbandryman will have many new regulatory requirements and consumer preferences to navigate in addition to their normal responsibility of raising birds in a cost-efficient and wholesome manner. New challenges include changes to antibiotic use, increased food safety regulations, and more concern over how birds are raised and how to...
Mon, 03/19/2018 - 20:00
AbstractChemical components of hop resins effectively inhibit the growth of L. monocytogenes in microbiological culture media. This study was conducted to investigate antilisterial activities of hop α- and β-acid in turkey slurry. Turkey slurries were inoculated with L. monocytogenes, formulated with hop α- or β-acid from 0 to 1,000 ppm, and incubated at 37°C for 24 h or at 7°C for 12 days....
Sun, 03/18/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTAnimal by-product rendering establishments are still relevant industries worldwide. Animal by-product meal safety is paramount to protect feed, animals, and the rest of the food chain from unwanted contamination. As microbiological contamination may arise from inadequate processing of slaughterhouse waste and deficiencies in good manufacturing practices within the rendering facilities, we...
Sun, 03/04/2018 - 19:00
AbstractThis study compared the efficacy of Pediococcus acidilactici, mannan-oligosaccharide, butyric acid, and their combination on growth performance and intestinal health in broiler chickens challenged with S. Typhimurium. Ross 308 male broilers (n = 420) were randomly assigned to one of the 6 treatments, resulting in 5 replicate pens of 14 chicks per treatment. The treatments included a...

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