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Poultry Science

Wed, 11/07/2018 - 19:00
ABSTRACTCampylobacter jejuni infection in humans is strongly associated with the consumption of contaminated poultry products. With increasing consumer demand for minimally processed and natural product, there is a need for novel intervention strategies for controlling C. jejuni. Antimicrobial coatings are increasingly being used for preventing food contamination due to their efficacy and...
Sun, 10/14/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTTo reveal differences in virulence among strains of Salmonella enterica serovar Pullorum (S. Pullorum), we used 2 cell-based infection models and a chicken embryo infection model in this study. S. Pullorum strain S06004 was used to infect 4 different avian cell lines (HD-11, DF-1, LMH, DT-40), and the results showed that the infection of S06004 in both LMH and HD-11 cells was more stable...
Sun, 10/14/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTEnterococcus faecalis is a ubiquitous intestinal bacterium in human and animals that can easily acquire antimicrobial resistance, which allows it to play the role of an antimicrobial resistance indicator. The objectives of this study were to characterize erythromycin and tetracycline-resistant E. faecalis isolated from retail chicken meats. A total of 149 among 335 E. faecalis isolates...
Sun, 10/14/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTCampylobacter is one of the leading cause of foodborne illness in the US and worldwide, especially linked to poultry and poultry products. In recent years, the increasing popularity of organic chicken products and chickens raised without antibiotics (RWA) has resulted in more companies adopting organic and antibiotic-free production and processing methods; however, it is not evident what...
Wed, 10/03/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThe objective of this experiment was to study the effects of dietary zinc (Zn) source on gene expression of Zn transporters (metallothionein [MT], ZIP 3, 5, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, and 14, and ZnT 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, and 10) in the jejunum and cecal tonsils of broilers challenged with coccidia or coccidia plus Clostridium perfringens. A 2 × 2 factorial design was used with 2 Zn sources (90 mg Zn/...
Wed, 10/03/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTAntibiotic growth promoters have been widely used in poultry to improve overall performance. The emergence of antibiotic resistance has resulted in sanctions imposed on the use of antibiotics in poultry diets, and alternatives such as herbal extracts are being considered to improve growth performance. The aim of this study was to compare the performance and feed digestibility of the feed...
Wed, 10/03/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to find the effect of different feed additives on the production performance and intestinal histology in Salmonella challenged birds. A total of 600 day-old-broiler chicks (Ross 308) were assignment to 10 treatments. Each treatment was further divided into 10 replicates. The chicks were randomly divided into one of the following 10 treatments as follow: Negative...
Wed, 10/03/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThe aim of this work was to study the effects of spontaneous hyperphagia on the evolution of intestinal microbiota and body compartments in old goose. From October 25th to November 26th, 5-yr-old breeding Greylag Landaise geese (106 males and 106 females) were fed with grass during 1 mo (G period). From November 26th (0 d) the birds had ad libitum access to pellets (AMEn: 10.5 MJ/kg, CP:...
Wed, 09/26/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTA study was conducted to evaluate the supplementation of probiotics on Salmonella colonization in the ceca and various internal organs as well as immune response in laying hens challenged with Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (SE). Thirty-two 46-wk-old White Leghorns (W-36) were housed individually in wired laying cages under 16L:8D lighting schedule. Hens were challenged...
Wed, 09/26/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTCampylobacter is an important hazard responsible for many human gastroenteritis cases. As poultry meat is the main source of Campylobacter, many approaches to reduce the Campylobacter load in this meat have been published. In the present study minced and whole broiler breast meat samples were inoculated with Campylobacter (C.) jejuni and treated with different concentrations of the food...
Tue, 09/18/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTCephalosporins are the key drugs for the treatment of salmonellosis. Resistance to cephalosporins in Salmonella spp. has become a serious public health concern worldwide. Although the sales of cephalosporins have increased by five times from 2008 to 2016 in Korea, limited information is available on cephalosporin resistance in Korea. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the trends in...
Sun, 09/16/2018 - 20:00
AbstractNecrotic enteritis toxin B (NetB)-producing Clostridium perfringens (CP) type A is the etiological agent of necrotic enteritis (NE) – an economically significant disease in broiler chickens. Understanding the immune response to CP infection in broiler chickens is becoming important to develop effective vaccines against NE. An experiment was conducted to determine the expression levels of...
Thu, 08/30/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTVaccines against avian influenza are mostly based on hemagglutinin (HA), which is the main antigen of this virus and a target for neutralizing antibodies. Traditional vaccines are known to be poorly efficient against newly emerging strains, which is an increasing worldwide problem for human health and for the poultry industry. As demonstrated by research and clinical data, sequential...
Wed, 08/29/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to evaluate antilisterial activity in deli-style turkey using one of the inhibitors: hop α- or β-acids at 5 ppm, potassium acetate/potassium diacetate (PAPD) at 0.5%, their combinations, potassium lactate/sodium diacetate (PLSD) at 2.5% for positive control, and ethanol at 5 ppm for negative control. Deli-style turkey was formulated and manufactured traditionally...
Sun, 08/26/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThe objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of the whey on broiler chicks’ performance, welfare, and caecal Campylobacter counts under experimental and field conditions. In the experimental study, 120-d-old broiler chicks were randomly allocated to four treatment groups, as described below: group A, which served as negative control; group B, fed with a diet...
Thu, 08/16/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTCampylobacter is regarded as the most common bacterial cause of gastroenteritis throughout the world and most cases of human campylobacteriosis can be traced back to the consumption of poultry meat. In Brazil, few studies evaluated the genetic relatedness among Campylobacter isolates. The aim of this research was to evaluate the genetic diversity of Campylobacter spp. isolated from...
Mon, 08/13/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThis study investigated the hypothesis that dietary supplementation of lignocellulose in broilers influences the gut bacterial population and bacterial fermentation, has anti-inflammatory effects, and increases mucin synthesis in the intestine, and, through these changes, influences broiler performance positively. Day-old male Cobb 500 broilers (n = 96) were allotted to 3 experimental...
Mon, 08/13/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTIn 2016, USDA-Food Safety and Inspection Service began using a neutralizing buffered peptone water (nBPW) to rinse broiler carcasses for Salmonella and Campylobacter performance standard testing. The nBPW contains standard buffered peptone water (BPW) with compounds to neutralize residual antimicrobials that may be transferred from the carcass to the sample rinsate. However, a direct...
Sun, 08/12/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTAflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is very harmful for broiler production and public health. The water-soluble castoff in gluten production, i.e., the water-soluble substances of wheat (WSW) that contains 14% pentosan has positive effect on animal nutrient absorption, immunity, and antioxidation. Our study aims to investigate the preventive effects of WSW against AFB1-induced broiler liver injury. One...
Mon, 08/06/2018 - 20:00
AbstractSalmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Gallinarum biovar Gallinarum (S. Gallinarum) and biovar Pullorum (S. Pullorum) are gram-negative bacteria, members of the most important infectious pathogens, and have caused common problems in the poultry industry, especially in the developing countries. O- and H-antigen specific anti-sera are commonly for slide and tube agglutination tests to...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 20:00
AbstractThis study was performed to isolate fowl adenovirus (FAdV) circulating in commercial meat-type chicken in Egypt during 2015 and to identify the pathogenicity of the isolated virus. Cloacal swabs were collected from 9 commercial broiler farms from chickens of 3–5 wk of age in Behira province in Egypt during 2015. FAdV was isolated on chicken embryo liver cells. The virus was identified by...
Fri, 07/20/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTNecrotic enteritis (NE) caused by Clostridium perfringens has emerged as an important disease associated with major economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. The ban and voluntary withdraw of antimicrobial growth promoters used to control NE have resulted in resurgence of NE. Moreover, consumer demand for antibiotic free poultry product has continued to grow. The presence of the...
Fri, 07/20/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThe avian adeno-associated virus (AAAV) has been proved to be an efficient gene transfer vector for human gene therapy and vaccine research. In this experiment, an AAAV-based vaccine was evaluated for the development of a vaccine against duck hepatitis a virus type 1 (DHAV-1). The major capsid VP1 gene was amplified and subcloned into pFBGFP containing the inverted terminal repeats of...
Fri, 07/20/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTGamma-linolenic acid (GLA) is a fatty acid from the ω-6 family. It is able to deliver a wide range of health benefits arising from its anti-inflammatory effects. An insufficient supply of GLA from agricultural and animal sources resulted in the development of a fermentation technique using lower filamentous fungi, which have the ability to accumulate high concentrations of GLA and beta-...
Mon, 07/16/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTIn this study, Salmonella prevalence and antimicrobial resistance were evaluated at various production stages in 2 geographically separated breeder farms (referred to as G and F). Day-old chicks for the breeder flock at farm F were purchased from farm G. A total of 219 Salmonella isolates, all identified as Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Enteritidis, were recovered from 1,430...
Mon, 07/16/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTNext-generation DNA sequencing is rapidly becoming a powerful tool for food animal management. One valuable use of this technology is to re-examine long-standing observations of performance differences associated with animal husbandry practices to better understand how these differences may be modulated by the gastrointestinal (GI) microbiome. The influences of environmental parameters...
Thu, 07/05/2018 - 20:00
AbstractNotwithstanding the National Salmonella Control Programs, the latest data published by the European Food Safety Authority show an increase in Salmonella Enteritidis prevalence in laying hen flocks. For this reason, the implementation of innovative techniques such as phage therapy is needed to control Salmonella at farm level. Most common bacteriophage applications are a cocktail of 2 or...
Wed, 07/04/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTCampylobacter is the leading bacterial cause of foodborne diarrheal illness in humans and source attribution studies unequivocally identify handling or consumption of poultry meat as a key risk factor. Campylobacter colonizes the avian intestines in high numbers and rapidly spreads within flocks. A need therefore exists to devise strategies to reduce Campylobacter populations in poultry...
Mon, 07/02/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTCampylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) is one of the most important zoonotic pathogens worldwide. In Europe, the majority of the cases are caused by consuming contaminated poultry meat. The objective of the present study was to investigate potential effects of different crude protein levels in complete diets for broilers on infection dynamics of C. jejuni after experimental infection. In total...
Mon, 07/02/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThis experiment was conducted to study the effects of drinking water supplementation of synbiotic product PoultryStar®sol (containing Lactobacillus reuteri, Bifidobacterium animalis, Pediococcus acidilactici, Enterococcus faecium, and fructo-oligosaccharide) in laying hens with and without a Salmonella challenge. A total of 384 one-day-old layer chicks were randomly distributed to the...
Mon, 07/02/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTExperiments were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a lysozyme product (InovapureTM) (LP) against E. coli penetrating eggshells. In the first microbiological experiment, 60 agar-filled eggs were inoculated with E. coli suspension, then fumigated with distilled water, 1.5% or 3.0% LP or a quaternary ammonium product (QA) at 0.125% for 10 min. In the second microbiological...
Mon, 06/25/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThe present work compared 7 different culture methods and 3 selective-differential plating media for Salmonella ser. Enteritidis (SE) and S. ser. Typhimurium (ST) isolation using artificially contaminated poultry feces. The sensitivity (Se) and accuracy (AC) values increased when Modified Semisolid Rappaport Vassiliadis (MSRV) methods were used in place of the Tetrathionate (TT) or...
Mon, 06/25/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTIn order to broaden the antimicrobial action spectrum of lysozyme against Gram-negative bacteria, different partially reduced lysozyme derivatives were obtained by reducing the R-S-S-R bonds of lysozyme using the reducing agent Na2SO3. The circular dichroism behavior analysis showed that the tertiary structure of the partially reduced lysozyme molecules became more flexible, leading to an...
Tue, 06/19/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTIn this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of canthaxanthin (CX) and iodine (I) on the production of laying hens, on counteracting debilitation of the vitelline membrane, and on inhibiting Salmonella growth in eggs stored at 30°C. Three hundred hens were reared in cages. Birds were divided into six feeding groups (10 hens × 5 repetitions) that were administered 0, 3 or 6 ppm of CX and...
Tue, 06/19/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTCampylobacter is a bacterium that colonizes the lower gastrointestinal tract of poultry and may influence the intestinal environment to promote its survival. The objective of this study was to characterize the effects of Campylobacter challenge on the mRNA abundance of nutrient transporters and host defense peptides (HDP), such as the avian β-defensins (AvBD) and liver expressed...
Tue, 06/19/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTH9N2 subtype avian influenza virus (AIV) was the highly contagious pathogen which has caused severe losses in the poultry industry throughout China in recent years. Using current epidemic viruses as vaccine was an effective way to prevent infection of H9N2 subtype AIV. In this study, a total of 23 H9N2 subtype AIV strains were isolated in 200 samples from 13 provinces of China during 2012...
Mon, 06/18/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTAn outbreak of H5N2 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in 2015, resulting in mandatory euthanization of millions of chickens, was one of the most fatal in the US history. The aim of this study was to detect genes associated with survival following natural infection with HPAI during this outbreak. Blood samples were collected from 274 individuals from 3 commercial varieties of White...
Thu, 06/14/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTEnterocytes function as both absorptive and protective components of intestine that come in close contact with a variety of enteric factors, such as dietary, microbial, and parasites, that have potential to affect the organismal health. Understanding how enterocytes interact with this complex array of factors may help improve gut health particularly in the context of poultry production...
Thu, 06/14/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTDuck hepatitis A virus type 1 (DHAV-1) is a serious infectious virus of ducklings. Recent study showed baicalin (BA) and baicalin phospholipid complex (BAPC) possessed anti-DHAV-1 effect. However, the antiviral mechanism is not clear. Therefore, the aim of the present work is to study influences and mechanisms of BA and BAPC on DHAV-1. The effects of BA and BAPC on DHAV-1 replication were...
Thu, 06/07/2018 - 20:00
AbstractIn Indonesia, market channels play an important role in food security in poultry meats. This review explains Indonesian consumers’ choice of market channels to purchase poultry, and consumer concern of food scares and food safety in their consumption due to highly pathology avian influenza (HPAI) outbreak. The survey was conducted for the traditional and the modern channels and involves a...
Thu, 06/07/2018 - 20:00
AbstractThe impact of restrictive feeding programs on Salmonella and Campylobacter colonization and persistence after challenge was investigated for broiler breeder pullets housed in an experimental rearing facility. Pullet-chicks were placed on litter in 3 feeding program rooms and each room contained 2 replicate pens. The feeding programs were: (1) Skip-a-day in trough feeders (SAD); (2) Every-...
Tue, 05/29/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTGenotypes of Campylobacter jejuni in Baltic fresh broiler chicken meat and in Estonian human origin samples were determined by using MLST. We observed associations between clonal complexes, sequence types, and antibiotic resistance of C. jejuni isolates. The detection of high proportions of fluoroquinolone resistance among Latvian (100.0%) and Lithuanian (84.6%) origin broiler chicken...
Tue, 05/29/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThis study aimed to investigate the effect of cysteamine hydrochloride (CSH) supplementation on the growth performance, opportunistic bacteria and enterotoxic markers, visceral lesions, glutathione turnover, and inflammatory factors of broilers fed diets contaminated with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). One-day-old Arbor Acres broilers (n = 480) were randomly allocated to 4 treatments with 6...
Fri, 05/25/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThe present study investigated the toxic impacts of lead (LD) on the productive and reproductive performances of Japanese quails and the role of Yucca schidigera extract (YSE) in reducing these impacts. A total of 360 mature Japanese quails (at 2 months of age) were used and the experiment was lasted for 8 wk. The birds were divided into 6 equal groups as follows: control (basal diet),...
Thu, 05/17/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTSalmonella enterica serovar Oranienburg (SO) was linked to a human salmonellosis outbreak in the Midwest in 2015 and 2016 from consumption of eggs. However, unlike Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (SE), little is known regarding the potential of SO to colonize in laying hens and contaminate eggs. We used in vivo and in vitro models to evaluate tissue colonization and survival...
Thu, 05/17/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThis study evaluated the preventive effect of the spontaneous oxidation of β-carotene (OxC-beta) in broiler chickens with necrotic enteritis by Clostridium perfringens taking into consideration various parameters including clinical signs, body weight, intestinal lesion severity, and bacterial enumeration. The mean body weight of the OxC-beta treatment groups increased significantly (P...
Sun, 05/13/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThe present study was conducted to estimate the apparent prevalence of Salmonella spp. in free-ranging waterfowl that inhabitant Entre Ríos, Argentina, determine the antimicrobial resistance of the isolated, and compare the performance of two selective plating media used for Salmonella isolation. Five hundred ninety nine free-living waterfowl were sampled one time by cloacal swab from...
Thu, 05/10/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTDuck hepatitis A virus type 1 (DHAV-1) is one of the main pathogens of ducklings and causes a high mortality rate. Baicalin (BA) has potent antiviral effect, but the solubility is very poor. In order to increase the absorption, solubility, and pharmacological activity, the phospholipid complex was used to modify BA in present study. Therefore, BA phospholipid complex (BAPC) was prepared....
Thu, 05/10/2018 - 20:00
AbstractThis study investigated the presence and the level of Campylobacter spp. contamination in 41 thigh samples (with skin) and 37 skinless breast samples collected at the end of slaughter (T1) and after 10 day period at refrigeration temperature (4°C) (T2), corresponding to their commercial shelf life. The isolates were phenotypically classified as Campylobacter spp. and successively...
Wed, 05/09/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to assess the quantitative prevalence, antibiotic resistance, and molecular subtyping pattern of Campylobacter isolates from chicken and duck products from poultry slaughterhouses in South Korea. A total of 240 chicken (n = 120) and duck (n = 120) carcass samples collected from 12 poultry slaughterhouses between June 2014 and February 2015 in 12 South...

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