Produce Safety

Thu, 04/15/2021 - 04:02
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the contamination levels of some classes of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in free-range hen eggs and to estimate the related human dietary exposure in a Site of National Interest (SNI), characterized by a serious state of environmental pollution (Bussi sul Tirino area, central Italy). For these purposes, 17 samples of free-range hen eggs...
Wed, 04/14/2021 - 10:02
This study was conducted to characterize carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae and Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from fresh vegetables in Japan. Two K. pneumoniae isolates (AO15 and AO22) and one A. baumannii isolate (AO22) were collected from vegetables in the city of Higashihiroshima, Japan, and subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing, conjugation experiments, and complete...
Tue, 04/13/2021 - 16:00
Tomato is subject to several diseases that affect both field- and greenhouse-grown crops. To select cost-effective potential biocontrol agents, we used laboratory throughput screening to identify bacterial strains with versatile characteristics suitable for multipurpose uses. The natural diversity of tomato root–associated bacterial communities was bioprospected under a real-world environment...
Tue, 04/13/2021 - 16:00
Microbiomes are integral to viticulture and winemaking – collectively termed winegrowing – where diverse fungi and bacteria can exert positive and negative effects on grape health and wine quality. Wine is a fermented natural product, and the vineyard serves as a key point of entry for quality-modulating microbiota, particularly in wine fermentations that are conducted without the addition of...
Tue, 04/13/2021 - 00:00
Our climate is projected to change gradually over time. Mycotoxin occurrence in cereal grains is both directly and indirectly related to local weather and to climate changes. Direct routes are via the effects of precipitation, relative humidity, and temperatures on both fungal infection of the grain and mycotoxin formation. Indirect routes are via the effects of the wind dispersal of spores,...
Tue, 03/30/2021 - 08:03
by Iraide Artetxe-Arrate, Igaratza Fraile, Jessica Farley, Audrey M. Darnaude, Naomi Clear, Naiara Rodríguez-Ezpeleta, David L. Dettman, Christophe Pécheyran, Iñigo Krug, Anaïs Médieu, Mohamed Ahusan, Craig Proctor, Asep Priatna, Pratiwi Lestari, Campbell Davies, Francis Marsac, Hilario Murua The chemical composition of otoliths (earbones) can provide valuable information about stock structure...
Wed, 03/24/2021 - 02:02
The aim of the study was to assess human norovirus and feline calicivirus (FCV) surface free energy, hydrophobicity, and ability to interact with fresh foods and food-contact surfaces. Virus-like particles (VLPs) of human norovirus (GI.1 and GII.4) and FCV were produced, purified, and analyzed for their surface free energy, hydrophobicity, and the total interfacial free energy of interaction...
Sat, 03/20/2021 - 02:02
Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) is widely used for the preservation of fresh-cut fruit and vegetables. But many commercial polymeric films are limited to MAP applicability due to a low gas permeability of these films. Laser perforation is a novel method to provide micropores that raises gas permeability. Laser-induced micropore-based MAP (0, 2, 4, 6, 8 pores) and carbon-dot/chitosan (CDs/CH)...
Wed, 03/17/2021 - 06:09
Author(s): Yan Man, Meijing Ban, An Li, Xinxin Jin, Yuanfang Du, Ligang Pan A microfluidic colorimetric biosensor was developed using thiolated polystyrene microspheres (SH-PSs) for aggregating of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), a novel hose-based microvalve for controlling the flow direction, and a smartphone imaging APP for monitoring colorimetric signals. Aptamer-PS-cysteamine conjugates were used...
Sat, 03/13/2021 - 00:00
Aflatoxins (AFs) are among the most harmful fungal secondary metabolites imposing serious health risks on both household animals and humans. The more frequent occurrence of aflatoxins in the feed and food chain is clearly foreseeable as a consequence of the extreme weather conditions recorded most recently worldwide. Furthermore, production parameters, such as unadjusted variety use and improper...
Fri, 03/12/2021 - 16:00
The arctic tundra is undergoing climate-driven changes and there are serious concerns related to the future of arctic biodiversity and altered ecological processes under possible climate change scenarios. Arctic land surface temperatures and precipitation are predicted to increase further, likely causing major transformation in terrestrial ecosystems. As a response to increasing temperatures,...
Fri, 03/12/2021 - 00:00
Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) is a hydroxylated metabolite of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) that can be excreted in milk of cows after consuming contaminated feed. The aim of this study consisted of a field monitoring to assess the contamination levels of AFB1 in 60 feed samples from two feeding systems for high-yielding dairy cows and of AFM1 in the corresponding raw milk samples. The aflatoxins were analyzed by in...
Sat, 03/06/2021 - 04:02
At present, SARS-CoV-2 has not been shown to be transmitted through food, even so the COVID-19 pandemic has changed how consumers view food and food safety. This study assessed consumer food safety practices during the COVID-19 pandemic using (1) surveys and (2) online focus group discussions. From April to August 2020, five waves of surveys were distributed to an online U.S. consumer panel and...
Sat, 03/06/2021 - 02:02
The input of heavy metals in agricultural systems depresses the soil quality and compromises the food safety owing to crop contamination. Metals also affect the structure, morphology, function, and activity of microorganisms in soils and substrates. Heavy metals can inhibit basic processes of microbial metabolism such as respiration. The present study aimed (i) to assess the relationship between...
Thu, 03/04/2021 - 02:02
The multi-elemental composition of 4 edible wild-growing mushroom species that commonly occur in Polish forests was compared to 13 cultivated mushroom species available in trade. A considerable variation in the macroelements content was revealed with cultivated species containing higher amounts of macroelements. The mean content of B, Co, Cr, Fe, Pb, Pr, Pt, Sb, Sm, Sr, Te, and Tm was higher in...
Thu, 03/04/2021 - 02:02
In the present study, we evaluated the antimicrobial activity of passion fruit peel extract (PPE) against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Listeria monocytogenes. The application of PPE using an electrostatic spraying system for the disinfection of fresh-cut Lollo Rossa and beetroot leaves was also examined and compared with conventional PPE washing. Time-kill assays indicated that PPE had...
Tue, 03/02/2021 - 02:02
Norovirus contamination of oysters is the lead cause of non-bacterial gastroenteritis and a significant food safety concern for the oyster industry. Here, norovirus reduction from Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas), contaminated in the marine environment, was studied in laboratory depuration trials and in two commercial settings. Norovirus concentrations were measured in oyster digestive tissue...
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 10:04
Salicylic acid plays an important role in the plant immune response, and its degradation is therefore important for plant-pathogenic fungi. However, many nonpathogenic microorganisms can also degrade salicylic acid. In the filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger, two salicylic acid metabolic pathways have been suggested. The first pathway converts salicylic acid to catechol by a salicylate...
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 10:03
Freshwater can support the survival of the enteric pathogen Salmonella, though temporal Salmonella diversity in a large watershed has not been assessed. At 28 locations within the Susquehanna River basin, 10-liter samples were assessed in spring and summer over 2 years. Salmonella prevalence was 49%, and increased river discharge was the main driver of Salmonella presence. The amplicon-based...
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 10:03
High-quality habitats for wildlife (e.g., forest) provide essential ecosystem services while increasing species diversity and habitat connectivity. Unfortunately, the presence of such habitats adjacent to produce fields may increase risk for contamination of fruits and vegetables by enteric bacteria, including Escherichia coli. E. coli survives in extrahost environments (e.g., soil) and could be...
Sat, 02/27/2021 - 10:03
Inoculation studies are important when assessing microbial survival and growth in food products. These studies typically involve the pregrowth of multiple strains of a target pathogen under a single condition; this emphasizes strain diversity. To gain a better understanding of the impacts of strain diversity ("nature") and pregrowth conditions ("nurture") on subsequent bacterial growth in foods,...
Wed, 02/24/2021 - 00:00
Consumption of cereals contaminated by mycotoxins poses health risks. For instance, Fumonisins B, mainly produced by Fusarium verticillioides and Fusariumproliferatum, and the type B trichothecene deoxynivalenol, typically produced by Fusarium graminearum, are highly prevalent on cereal grains that are staples of many cultural diets and known to represent a toxic risk hazard. In Peru, corn and...
Tue, 02/23/2021 - 02:03
Data on the gut microbiota of animals can provide new insights into dietary ecology of hosts, consequently assisting in understanding their adaptation strategy and evolutionary potential. We studied the gut microbiota composition and function of the wild rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) using 16S rRNA sequencing method. Our results revealed that the gut microbiota of the wild rhesus macaques was...
Tue, 02/16/2021 - 02:03
The purpose of this study was to provide contextual information on indigenous food’s technologies and safety from Gabon. The strategic focus being to promote local food with enhanced nutritional value and improved safety. An investigation and monitoring were carried out to elucidate their process flow diagrams and to identify safety failures. Samples were taken for microbiological analysis using...
Sat, 02/13/2021 - 10:02
This study selected and used indicator and surrogate microorganisms for Salmonella to validate the processes for physically heat-treated poultry litter compost in litter processing plants. Initially, laboratory validation studies indicated that reductions of 1.2 to 2.7 log or more of desiccation-adapted Enterococcus faecium NRRL B-2354 were equivalent to >5-log reductions of desiccation-...
Thu, 02/11/2021 - 00:00
Antibiotic resistance profiles of Escherichia coli were investigated in an intensive pig production system in the uMgungundlovu District, South Africa, using the ‘farm-to-fork’ approach. Four hundred seventeen (417) samples were collected from pig and pig products at different points (farm, transport, and abattoir). E. coli was isolated and enumerated using the Colilert® 18/Quanti-Tray® 2000...
Wed, 02/10/2021 - 10:03
ABSTRACT The global spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and their resistance genes is a critical issue that is no longer restricted to hospital settings, but also represents a growing problem involving environmental and food safety. In this study, we have performed a microbiological and genomic investigation of critical priority pathogens resistant to broad-spectrum cephalosporins and showing...
Wed, 02/10/2021 - 10:03
ABSTRACT Sprouts are the leading cause of foodborne disease outbreaks globally, mainly because the specialized conditions required to germinate seed sprouts for human consumption contribute to an environment that allows pathogenic bacteria to flourish. To reduce risk of illness, current food safety guidelines in the United States and Canada recommend hypochlorite treatment for seed sanitation....
Wed, 02/10/2021 - 02:03
Abstract Aims Intercropping promoted land productivity and be performed worldwide. This study aimed to assess the effect of intercropping on soil dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and its nitrogen (N) regulation. Methods The potato was monocropped and intercropped with maize under four N levels (0, 62.5, 125 and 187.5 kg ha−1 for N0, N1, N2 and N3, respectively) in a fixed plot experiment from...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 04:03
Fresh produce-borne enteric bacterial pathogens with resistance to antibiotics have posed serious challenges to food safety and public health worldwide.  This study examined the antibiotic resistance profile of Salmonella enterica (n=33), previously isolated from exotic and indigenous leafy green vegetable samples (n=328) collected from 50 vegetable farms in 12 farming areas and 37 vegetable...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 04:02
Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) is a persistent public health concern in the United States and is the third leading cause of death from foodborne illness. Cross-contamination of L. monocytogenes is common in delis (between contaminated and uncontaminated equipment, food and hands) and likely plays a role in the associated with retail deli meats. In 2012, EHS-Net conducted a study to...
Wed, 01/27/2021 - 16:00
This study examined the biological and food safety relevance of leaf lesions for potential invasion of food pathogens into the plant tissue (internalization). This was done by determining the role of artificial leaf damage in terms of damaged leaf area on proliferation of E. coli O157:H7 gfp+. In a two-factorial experiment, unwashed fresh baby leaf spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) was subjected to...
Tue, 01/26/2021 - 16:00
The Indian Ocean is characterized by its complex physical systems and strong seasonal monsoons. To better understand effects of seasonal monsoon-driven circulation on the bacterioplanktonic community structure in surface waters and the bacterial distribution response to vertical stratification, patterns of seasonal, and vertical distribution of bacterial communities in the Eastern Tropical Indian...
Tue, 01/26/2021 - 02:02
Indonesian coconut sugar (n = 109 samples) from different local producers was analyzed over a 2-year period. A mean δ13C value of − 25.6‰ ± 0.4‰ was determined for unadulterated (pure) coconut sugar. Seasonal climatic differences of up to ± 0.4‰ increase the standard deviations of coconut sugar (− 25.6‰ ± 0.8‰). Up to 5% w/v of cane sugar is often added during production for seeding purposes...
Sat, 01/23/2021 - 06:20
Author(s): Liping Qiao, Man Gao, Jiaxuan Zheng, Jingyan Zhang, Laifeng Lu, Xia Liu Enzymatic browning is considered a critical factor that adversely decreases the quality of fresh-cut products. Although many individual physical or chemical methods have been explored to control browning, there are few approaches combining these technologies. In the present study, Sonchus oleraceus L. extract (SOLE...
Fri, 01/22/2021 - 22:16
Mature kiwi after minimal processing were treated with 0.5–2.0 kGy gamma irradiation to monitor changes in quality parameters under refrigerated conditions (3 ± 1°C, RH 85%) for 16 days. The results revealed that treatment of 2.0 kGy proved helpful in delaying onset of surface browning, reducing the polyphenol oxidase activity and preserving the original color of samples till 16 days. Dose...
Thu, 01/21/2021 - 16:00
The interaction between microbial communities and benthic algae as nitrogen (N) regulators in poorly illuminated sediments is scarcely investigated in the literature. The role of sediments as sources or sinks of N was analyzed in spring and summer in sandy and muddy sediments in a turbid freshwater estuary, the Curonian Lagoon, Lithuania. Seasonality in this ecosystem is strongly marked by...
Thu, 01/21/2021 - 02:02
Abstract Fresh-cut fruits are susceptible for microbial contamination during handling and storage. Hence, there is a need for minimal processing of such foods using non-thermal technology that can inactivate both bacterial pathogens and undesirable enzymes while retaining the quality. In this regard, synergistic effect of light emitting diode (LED) based blue light (BL) and natural exogenous...
Wed, 01/20/2021 - 16:00
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are important food-borne pathogens with Shiga toxins as the main virulence factor. Shiga toxins are encoded on Shiga toxin-encoding bacteriophages (Stx phages). Stx phages may exist as free bacteriophages in the environment or in foods or as prophages integrated into the host genome. From a food safety perspective, it is important to have knowledge on...
Wed, 01/20/2021 - 02:02
Enzymatic browning is one of the limiting factors in extending the shelf-life of food products. Since the chemical composition can differ depending on fruit species and variety, browning prevention treatments may not always present the same efficacy. The goal of this study was to verify if differences between two fresh-cut apple varieties, Granny Smith (GS) and Red Delicious (RD), would affect...
Tue, 01/19/2021 - 04:02
2-O-β-d-Glucopyranosyl l-ascorbic acid (AA-2βG) is a stable, bioavailable vitamin C (AA) derivative. We report the distribution and seasonal variation of AA-2βG in apples and its occurrence in other domesticated crops and in wild harvested Ma̅ori foods. Liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry analyses showed high AA-2βG concentrations in crab apples (Malus sylvestris) but low concentrations in...
Mon, 01/18/2021 - 16:00
Waterlogging stress (WS) induces ethylene (ET) and polyamine (spermine, putrescine, and spermidine) production in plants, but their reprogramming is a decisive element for determining the fate of the plant upon waterlogging-induced stress. WS can be challenged by exploring symbiotic microbes that improve the plant’s ability to grow better and resist WS. The present study deals with identification...
Thu, 01/14/2021 - 00:00
Dry-cured meat products are worldwide food with high-salt content, and filamentous fungi are beneficial to the maturation process. However, some salt-tolerant strains of Aspergillus and Penicillium produce ochratoxin A (OTA) on these products and thus threaten food safety. In our study, proteomic analysis was performed to reveal the mechanism of adaptability to high-salt environment by...
Tue, 01/12/2021 - 22:10
BACKGROUND The greatest hurdle to commercial marketing of fresh‐cut fruits and vegetables is limited shelf‐life due to microbial hazards and quality deterioration. Atmospheric cold plasma (ACP) is an emerging non‐thermal technology with significant potential to improve the safety and storability of fresh products. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of ACP, generated in sealed...
Tue, 01/12/2021 - 04:02
Although SARS-CoV-2 is not a proven foodborne pathogen, the COVID-19 pandemic has put the food system on alert. Food safety is identified as an important pillar in mitigating the crisis. Therefore, understanding how popular media are used as a vital disseminator of food safety and health information for public use is more important than ever. YouTube deserves particular attention as one of the...
Tue, 01/12/2021 - 04:02
The growing popularity of raw meat-based diets for pets is accompanied by an increasing concern regarding possible health implications of this practice to pet owners, due to the storage and preparation of raw meat. This study aimed to explore pet owners’ knowledge and perceptions about safety of raw meat-based feeding and determine self-reported food safety practices during raw meat-based pet...
Tue, 01/12/2021 - 02:02
Pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV), a plant pathogenic virus belonging to the family Virgoviridae, has been proposed as a potential viral indicator for human faecal pollution in aquatic environments. The present study investigated the occurrence, amount and diversity of PMMoV in water environments in Italy. A total of 254 water samples, collected between 2017 and 2019 from different types of water...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 06:09
Author(s): Basharat Yousuf, Shimin Wu, Mohammed Wasim Siddiqui Background Fruits and vegetables constitute an integral part of diet for humans. Quality, safety and extended shelf life are important aspects governing the availability and acceptability of both fresh and fresh-cut agricultural produce. Among various approaches to ensure the uninterrupted and safe supply of fresh/fresh-cut fruits and...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 00:00
The aim of this study was to investigate the opinions of meat consumers (n = 1780) on on-farm management of unhealthy pigs, whether support for treatment with antibiotics varies according with chance of recovery, and the effect of knowledge on the use of antibiotics on these opinions. Most participants believed that the use of antibiotics was the best solution for unhealthy pigs, and this was...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 22:09
BACKGROUND α‐lactalbumin (α‐La) was of great interest to the industry due to its excellent functional properties and nutritional value. Aqueous two‐phase flotation (ATPF) of thermo‐sensitive polymer poly (ethylene glycol‐ran‐propylene glycol) monobutyl ether (UCON) and KH2PO4 was applied to directly separate and purify α‐La from milk whey, which was purposed to simplify the production process and...

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