Produce Safety

Tue, 07/27/2021 - 02:02
Biofilms can constitute permanent threats to food safety and public health. Bacteria and viruses lodged in biofilm can escape cleaning and sanitizing agents. The aim of this study was to compare Pseudomonas aeruginosa developing and mature biofilms produced on agri-food surfaces in terms of interaction with murine norovirus. Whether they were mature or still developing the biofilms apparently...
Mon, 07/26/2021 - 16:00
Fusarium mycotoxins represent a major threat for cereal crops and food safety. While previous investigations have described plant biotransforming properties on mycotoxins or metabolic relapses of fungal infections in plants, so far, the potential consequences of radical exposure in healthy crops are mostly unknown. Therefore, we aimed at evaluating whether the exposure to mycotoxins,...
Sat, 07/24/2021 - 02:03
Concerns regarding food safety and ‘One Health’ are increasing globally. Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1), a human carcinogenic toxin, is excreted by lactating animals in their milk after consumption of feed contaminated with aflatoxin B1. The present cross-sectional study aimed to determine the occurrence of AFM1 in cattle and buffalo milk produced in rural and peri-urban areas under different agro-climatic...
Tue, 07/20/2021 - 02:02
This study innovatively produced polymeric active antibacterial films by incorporating zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NP) into linear low-density polyethylene grafted with maleic anhydride (LLDPE-MA) and low-density polyethylene (LDPE) using polymer melting and coating of ZnO-NP. It was evaluated the physical properties and antibacterial effects against foodborne pathogens (Staphylococcus aureus,...
Sat, 07/17/2021 - 02:03
Salinity is a major abiotic stress that negatively impacts plant health and soil microbiota. ACC (1-aminocyclopropane carboxylic acid) deaminase producing microorganisms act as natural stress busters that protect plants from different kinds of stresses. The study focused on the isolation of potent, indigenous, multi-trait ACC deaminase producers. The shortlisted ACC deaminase producers were...
Wed, 07/14/2021 - 16:00
The capacity of apple trees to produce fruit of a desired diameter, i.e., fruit-bearing capacity (FBC), was investigated by considering the inter-tree variability of leaf area (LA). The LA of 996 trees in a commercial apple orchard was measured by using a terrestrial two-dimensional (2D) light detection and ranging (LiDAR) laser scanner for two consecutive years. The FBC of the trees was...
Tue, 07/13/2021 - 04:02
With the increase of food allergy events related to not properly cooked kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), more and more researchers are paying attention to the sensitization potential of lectin, one of the major storage and defensive proteins with the specific carbohydrate-binding activity. The immunoglobulin E (IgE), non-IgE, and mixed allergic reactions induced by the lectins were inducted...
Fri, 07/09/2021 - 16:00
Tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg (Sanyeqing, SYQ) is a perennial climbing liana and an endemic plant to southern China. Its tuberous roots (TRs) are used in traditional Chinese medicine for treating some diseases such as high fever, pneumonia, asthma, hepatitis, and cancers. However, the mechanisms underlying the development of TR and the content of flavonoids and phenylpropanoids (FPs) are...
Thu, 07/08/2021 - 12:01
ABSTRACT The microbiome of an aquifer contaminated by landfill leachate and undergoing intrinsic remediation was characterised using 16S rRNA metabarcoding. The archaeal/bacterial V3–V4 hypervariable region of the 16S rRNA gene was sequenced using Illumina MiSeq, and multivariate statistics were applied to make inferences. Results indicate that the aquifer recharge and aquifer sediment samples...
Wed, 06/23/2021 - 16:00
Snowmelt dynamics are a significant determinant of microbial metabolism in soil and regulate global biogeochemical cycles of carbon and nutrients by creating seasonal variations in soil redox and nutrient pools. With an increasing concern that climate change accelerates both snowmelt timing and rate, obtaining an accurate characterization of microbial response to snowmelt is important for...
Wed, 06/23/2021 - 02:02
A pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of 0.5% and 1% alkaline, clay mineral and phosphorus amendments, as well as 2% and 5% organic amendments, on lead (Pb) soil bioavailability and Pb absorption by the low-Pb accumulator kumquat (Citrus japonica Thunb.) ‘Cuipi’ in two typical Pb-contaminated soils, Jiyuan and Yangshuo, from northern and southern China, respectively. The...
Fri, 06/18/2021 - 02:02
The quality of water resources can be altered by human activities carried out in watersheds. These changes can lead to the occurrence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and compromise public health. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the presence and concentration of total coliforms and Escherichia coli in the water at the Ecological Park Tietê in São Paulo, the antibiotics resistance of...
Fri, 06/11/2021 - 00:00
Ciguatera poisoning (CP) poses a significant threat to ecosystem services and fishery resources in coastal communities. The CP-causative ciguatoxins (CTXs) are produced by benthic dinoflagellates including Gambierdiscus and Fukuyoa spp., and enter reef food webs via grazing on macroalgal substrates. In this study, we report on a 3-year monthly time series in St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands where...
Wed, 06/09/2021 - 02:02
The firmness of Jonagold apples is an important quality attribute during postharvest chain. However, postharvest handlers are faced with variability in the firmness that exists within apples even of those of the same batch and cultivar. Here, Jonagold apples were stored at 1 °C and 4 °C with different controlled atmospheric gas compositions for 170 d, and then exposed to shelf-life conditions for...
Sat, 06/05/2021 - 08:05
In a return to tradition, the popularity of caprine milk is on the rise. However, particularly in countries with developed dairy industries based on bovine milk, there is the risk of adulteration with bovine milk, which is a cheaper alternative. Thus, a rapid, robust, and simple method for the detection of bovine milk added to caprine milk is necessary, and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance...
Wed, 06/02/2021 - 03:01
A continued rise in leafy green-linked outbreaks of disease caused by pathogenic Escherichia coli or Salmonella , particularly strains exhibiting multidrug resistance (MDR), has emerged as a major threat to human health and food safety worldwide. Thus, the present study was conducted to examine antimicrobial resistance, including MDR, in diarrhoeagenic E. coli (DEC) and Salmonella...
Tue, 06/01/2021 - 02:02
Abstract Vegetables are one of the most important nitrate sources of human diary diet. Establishing of fast and accurate in situ nitrate monitoring approaches that could be used in the plant growth process and vegetable markets is essential. Incorporating the unique feature of N − O asymmetric stretch absorption in the mid-infrared region (1500–1200 cm−1), portable attenuated total reflectance–...
Mon, 05/31/2021 - 16:00
Optimizing the utilization of applied nitrogen (N) in fruit trees requires N supply that is temporally matched to tree demand. We investigated how the timing of N application affected uptake, allocation, and remobilization within 14-year-old “Gala”/M26 apple trees (Malus domestica Borkh) over two seasons. In the 2017–2018 season, 30 g N tree−1 of 5.5 atom% 15N–calcium nitrate was applied by...
Sat, 05/29/2021 - 04:03
The U.S. is one of the largest catfish producers in the world. Louisiana is the leading producer of wild-caught catfish. Historically, the FDA inspected all seafood products; however, in 2008, congress moved the Siluriformes Order fish inspection to the USDA/FSIS. Full enforcement of the rule began on September 1, 2017. This study assessed the impact of USDA Siluriformes fish regulation on small...
Fri, 05/28/2021 - 16:00
The level of water table and temperature are two environmental variables shaping soil bacterial communities, particularly in peatland ecosystems. However, discerning the specific impact of these two factors on bacterial communities in natural ecosystems is challenging. To address this issue, we collected pore water samples across different months (August and November in 2017 and May 2018) with a...
Fri, 05/21/2021 - 16:00
Foodborne pathogens are a major contributor to foodborne illness worldwide. The adaptation of a more quantitative risk-based approach, with metrics such as Food safety Objectives (FSO) and Performance Objectives (PO) necessitates quantitative inputs from all stages of the food value chain. The potential exists for utilization of big data, generated through digital transformational technologies,...
Fri, 05/21/2021 - 04:02
This study was conducted to compare the efficacy of two sanitizing agents (chlorine and PAA) in reducing (both spoilage and pathogenic) microorganisms and in reducing disinfection by-products ( DBPs) in the washing stage of three types of minimally processed vegetables: Iceberg lettuce, carrots and baby leaves. These fresh-cut products are consumed uncooked and, hence, a proper sanitation is...
Thu, 05/20/2021 - 16:00
Wood ash as a soil amendment has gained wide spread acceptance in the recent years as a sustainable alternative to chemical fertilizers, although information regarding the effects of its application on maize growth and yield in the context of climate change and increasing drought severity is lacking till date. In the present study, field and pot trials were carried out at the experimental farm of...
Fri, 05/14/2021 - 04:02
New Zealand (NZ) has a high rate of reported campylobacteriosis cases. Cross-contamination in home kitchens during poultry handling is considered to be the main factor in campylobacteriosis transmission. The main aim of this study was to measure NZ consumers' food safety awareness and self-reported food safety practices associated with handling raw poultry. This study will contribute to the...
Fri, 05/14/2021 - 04:02
Food labeling is one approach to encourage safe, healthy, and sustainable dietary practices. Consumer buy and pay preferences to specially labeled food products (e.g., USDA Organic, Raised Without Antibiotics, and Locally Raised) may promote the adoption of associated production practices by food producers. Thus, it is important to understand how consumer buy and pay preferences for specially...
Fri, 05/14/2021 - 02:04
The confirmation of honey authenticity is an ongoing challenge. We investigated new authenticity markers (13 macro and trace elements, total phenolic (TP) content, antioxidant capacity) in 62 unifloral and multifloral honeys from Croatia as loadings for principal component analysis (PCA), taking into account the spatial, temporal and production practice variation and combining them with...
Sun, 05/09/2021 - 02:02
Abstract Purpose To investigate whether soil clay content, cultivar and seasonal variation have any effect on soil CO2 emission rates and leaf CO2 assimilation rates in a drip-irrigated commercial Citrus sinensis orchard. Methods The study was carried out in the field as a randomised complete block design in a 2 × 2 factorial consisting of two soil types and two citrus cultivars on a drip-...
Sat, 05/08/2021 - 08:03
by Gabriela Andrade de Oliveira, Carla Heloisa de Faria Domingues, João Augusto Rossi Borges Cultured meat has been proposed as an alternative source of protein to overcome the environmental and ethical problems associated with conventional meat production. However, the lack of consumers’ acceptance could be a major barrier to the introduction of cultured meat on a large scale. Despite Brazil...
Fri, 05/07/2021 - 00:00
The demand for animal protein has increased considerably worldwide, especially in China, where large numbers of livestock and poultry are produced. Antibiotics have been widely applied to promote growth and prevent diseases. However, the overuse of antibiotics in animal feed has caused serious environmental and health risks, especially the wide spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), which...
Wed, 05/05/2021 - 16:00
One path toward identifying effective and easily accessible antifungals is to repurpose commonly used drugs. Amiloride, a widely used diuretic, inhibits different isoforms of Na+/H+ exchangers, Na+ channels, and Na+/Ca2+ exchangers. Here, we found that amiloride had poor antifungal activity against isolates of Cryptococcus prompting the examination of the amiloride analog, HMA [5-(N,N-...
Tue, 05/04/2021 - 04:03
Emerging and fugitive contaminants (EFCs) can be introduced into the food chain through plants, particularly crop plants, and have threatened food safety and human health. The method for determination of volatile EFCs in plant tissues remains challenging. A new rapid, simple, precise, and accurate freeze–thaw–equilibration followed by head space (HS)–solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and gas...
Wed, 04/28/2021 - 10:02
Cattle are a reservoir for Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), zoonotic pathogens that cause serious clinical disease. Scotland has a higher incidence of STEC infection in the human population than the European average. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and epidemiology of non-O157 serogroups O26, O103, O111, and O145 and Shiga toxin gene carriage in Scottish...
Tue, 04/27/2021 - 08:03
by Paolo Salazar-Mendoza, Ivan Peralta-Aragón, Ladislao Romero-Rivas, Jordano Salamanca, Cesar Rodriguez-Saona Lower elevations are generally thought to contain a greater abundance and diversity of insect communities and their natural enemies than higher elevations. It is less clear, however, how changes in seasons influence this pattern. We conducted a 2-year study (2013‒2014) in guava orchards...
Fri, 04/23/2021 - 16:00
Microbial drinking water quality in premise plumbing systems (PPSs) strongly affects public health. Bacterial community structure is the essential aspect of microbial water quality. Studies have elucidated the microbial community structure in cold tap water, while the microbial community structures in hot tap and shower water are poorly understood. We sampled cold tap, hot tap, and shower water...
Wed, 04/21/2021 - 00:00
Antibiotics have improved the length and quality of life of people worldwide and have had an immeasurable influence on agricultural animal health and the efficiency of animal production over the last 60 years. The increased affordability of animal protein for a greater proportion of the global population, in which antibiotic use has played a crucial part, has resulted in a substantial improvement...
Tue, 04/20/2021 - 06:17
Author(s): Yingshu He, Ruixi Chen, Yan Qi, Joelle K. Salazar, Shimei Zhang, Mary Lou Tortorello, Xiangyu Deng, Wei Zhang Salmonella enterica is frequently implicated in foodborne disease outbreaks associated with fresh-cut fruits. In the U.S., more than one third of fruit-related outbreaks have been linked to two S. enterica serotypes Newport and Typhimurium. Approximately 80% of fruit-related...
Thu, 04/15/2021 - 04:02
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the contamination levels of some classes of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in free-range hen eggs and to estimate the related human dietary exposure in a Site of National Interest (SNI), characterized by a serious state of environmental pollution (Bussi sul Tirino area, central Italy). For these purposes, 17 samples of free-range hen eggs...
Wed, 04/14/2021 - 10:02
This study was conducted to characterize carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae and Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from fresh vegetables in Japan. Two K. pneumoniae isolates (AO15 and AO22) and one A. baumannii isolate (AO22) were collected from vegetables in the city of Higashihiroshima, Japan, and subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing, conjugation experiments, and complete...
Tue, 04/13/2021 - 16:00
Tomato is subject to several diseases that affect both field- and greenhouse-grown crops. To select cost-effective potential biocontrol agents, we used laboratory throughput screening to identify bacterial strains with versatile characteristics suitable for multipurpose uses. The natural diversity of tomato root–associated bacterial communities was bioprospected under a real-world environment...
Tue, 04/13/2021 - 16:00
Microbiomes are integral to viticulture and winemaking – collectively termed winegrowing – where diverse fungi and bacteria can exert positive and negative effects on grape health and wine quality. Wine is a fermented natural product, and the vineyard serves as a key point of entry for quality-modulating microbiota, particularly in wine fermentations that are conducted without the addition of...
Tue, 04/13/2021 - 00:00
Our climate is projected to change gradually over time. Mycotoxin occurrence in cereal grains is both directly and indirectly related to local weather and to climate changes. Direct routes are via the effects of precipitation, relative humidity, and temperatures on both fungal infection of the grain and mycotoxin formation. Indirect routes are via the effects of the wind dispersal of spores,...
Tue, 03/30/2021 - 08:03
by Iraide Artetxe-Arrate, Igaratza Fraile, Jessica Farley, Audrey M. Darnaude, Naomi Clear, Naiara Rodríguez-Ezpeleta, David L. Dettman, Christophe Pécheyran, Iñigo Krug, Anaïs Médieu, Mohamed Ahusan, Craig Proctor, Asep Priatna, Pratiwi Lestari, Campbell Davies, Francis Marsac, Hilario Murua The chemical composition of otoliths (earbones) can provide valuable information about stock structure...
Wed, 03/24/2021 - 02:02
The aim of the study was to assess human norovirus and feline calicivirus (FCV) surface free energy, hydrophobicity, and ability to interact with fresh foods and food-contact surfaces. Virus-like particles (VLPs) of human norovirus (GI.1 and GII.4) and FCV were produced, purified, and analyzed for their surface free energy, hydrophobicity, and the total interfacial free energy of interaction...
Sat, 03/20/2021 - 02:02
Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) is widely used for the preservation of fresh-cut fruit and vegetables. But many commercial polymeric films are limited to MAP applicability due to a low gas permeability of these films. Laser perforation is a novel method to provide micropores that raises gas permeability. Laser-induced micropore-based MAP (0, 2, 4, 6, 8 pores) and carbon-dot/chitosan (CDs/CH)...
Wed, 03/17/2021 - 06:09
Author(s): Yan Man, Meijing Ban, An Li, Xinxin Jin, Yuanfang Du, Ligang Pan A microfluidic colorimetric biosensor was developed using thiolated polystyrene microspheres (SH-PSs) for aggregating of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), a novel hose-based microvalve for controlling the flow direction, and a smartphone imaging APP for monitoring colorimetric signals. Aptamer-PS-cysteamine conjugates were used...
Sat, 03/13/2021 - 00:00
Aflatoxins (AFs) are among the most harmful fungal secondary metabolites imposing serious health risks on both household animals and humans. The more frequent occurrence of aflatoxins in the feed and food chain is clearly foreseeable as a consequence of the extreme weather conditions recorded most recently worldwide. Furthermore, production parameters, such as unadjusted variety use and improper...
Fri, 03/12/2021 - 16:00
The arctic tundra is undergoing climate-driven changes and there are serious concerns related to the future of arctic biodiversity and altered ecological processes under possible climate change scenarios. Arctic land surface temperatures and precipitation are predicted to increase further, likely causing major transformation in terrestrial ecosystems. As a response to increasing temperatures,...
Fri, 03/12/2021 - 00:00
Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) is a hydroxylated metabolite of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) that can be excreted in milk of cows after consuming contaminated feed. The aim of this study consisted of a field monitoring to assess the contamination levels of AFB1 in 60 feed samples from two feeding systems for high-yielding dairy cows and of AFM1 in the corresponding raw milk samples. The aflatoxins were analyzed by in...
Sat, 03/06/2021 - 04:02
At present, SARS-CoV-2 has not been shown to be transmitted through food, even so the COVID-19 pandemic has changed how consumers view food and food safety. This study assessed consumer food safety practices during the COVID-19 pandemic using (1) surveys and (2) online focus group discussions. From April to August 2020, five waves of surveys were distributed to an online U.S. consumer panel and...
Sat, 03/06/2021 - 02:02
The input of heavy metals in agricultural systems depresses the soil quality and compromises the food safety owing to crop contamination. Metals also affect the structure, morphology, function, and activity of microorganisms in soils and substrates. Heavy metals can inhibit basic processes of microbial metabolism such as respiration. The present study aimed (i) to assess the relationship between...

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