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Veterinary Microbiology

Tue, 07/23/2019 - 01:03
Available online 21 July 2019 Author(s): Clémence Bourély, Géraldine Cazeau, Eric Jouy, Marisa Haenni, Jean-Yves Madec, Nathalie Jarrige, Agnès Leblond, Emilie GayAbstractSurveillance of Pasteurella multocida resistance in food-producing animals is essential to guide the first-line treatment of respiratory diseases and to limit economic losses. Since Pasteurella are the most common bacteria...
Sat, 07/13/2019 - 01:03
Available online 11 July 2019 Author(s): Jiayun Yang, Zhengxiang Wang, Yingying Du, Yane Jia, Liang Wang, Shuai Xu, Qiyun ZhuAbstractDuring 2012―2015, six H5N1 avian influenza viruses were isolated from domestic birds and the environment around Qinghai Lake. Phylogenetic analysis of HA genes revealed that A/chicken/Gansu/XG2/2012 (CK/GS/XG2/12) belonged to clade 2.3.2.1a, while A/environment/...
Tue, 06/18/2019 - 01:12
Available online 16 June 2019 Author(s): Gabriele Meroni, Valentina Zamarian, Cristina Prussiani, Valerio Bronzo, Cristina Lecchi, Piera Anna Martino, Fabrizio CecilianiAbstractStaphylococcus aureus biofilm-related infections are of clinical concern due to the capability of bacterial colonies to adapt to a hostile environment. The present study investigated the capability of the acute phase...
Fri, 06/14/2019 - 01:12
Available online 12 June 2019 Author(s): Putu Eka Sudaryatma, Hirohisa Mekata, Meiko Kubo, Mawar Subangkit, Yoshitaka Goto, Tamaki OkabayashiAbstractBovine respiratory disease complex is a major disease affecting the global cattle industry. Multiple infections by viruses and bacteria increase disease severity. Previously, we reported that bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) infection...
Sun, 05/26/2019 - 01:12
Available online 24 May 2019 Author(s): Nam-Hyung Kim, Eun-Jin Ha, Dae-Sung Ko, Chung-Young Lee, Jae-Hong Kim, Hyuk-Joon KwonAbstractSalmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Gallinarum biovar Gallinarum (SG) causes fowl typhoid (FT) and substantial economic loss in Korea due to egg drop syndrome and mortality. Despite the extensive use of vaccines, FT still occurs in the field. Therefore, the...
Fri, 05/24/2019 - 01:13
Available online 21 May 2019 Author(s): Lin Gan, Yu Tian, Yu Zhao, Xue-qin Shan, Wei Zhou, Bing-Bing Xia, Jason Chen, Ming-Li Wang, Jun ZhaoAbstractControl of currently circulating re-assorted low-pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) H9N2 is a major concern for both animal and human health. Thus, an improved LPAI H9N2 vaccination strategy is needed to induce complete immunity in chickens against...
Sun, 05/12/2019 - 01:13
Available online 9 May 2019 Author(s): Jolien Van Cleemput, Katrien C.K. Poelaert, Kathlyn Laval, Wim Van den Broeck, Hans J. NauwynckAbstractThe horse’s respiratory tract daily encounters a plethora of respirable hazards including air pollutants, mycotoxins and airborne pathogens. To date, the precise effect of air pollution and mycotoxins on respiratory epithelial integrity and subsequent...
Sun, 05/12/2019 - 01:13
Available online 10 May 2019 Author(s): Morgane Salines, Mathieu Andraud, Marie Pellerin, Cécilia Bernard, Béatrice Grasland, Nicole Pavio, Nicolas RoseAbstractHepatitis E virus is a zoonotic pathogen for which pigs have been identified as the main reservoir in industrialised countries. HEV infection dynamics in pig herds and pigs are influenced by several factors, including herd practices and...
Wed, 05/08/2019 - 01:17
Available online 4 May 2019 Author(s): B. Ujvári, L. Makrai, T. MagyarAbstractThis study describes the prevalence of capsule biosynthesis genes, LPS genotypes, virulence associated genes and the analysis of the outer membrane protein (ompA) sequence of Pasteurella multocida isolates (n = 180) from different locations in Hungary, from various host species, including humans. When combining capsular...
Sat, 05/04/2019 - 01:17
Available online 2 May 2019 Author(s): Yoon-Hee Oh, Dong-Chan Moon, Young Ju Lee, Bang-Hun Hyun, Suk-Kyung LimAbstractPasteurella multocida causes single or complex respiratory disease in pigs. Although antimicrobial therapy is the most effective treatment for porcine respiratory disease, P. multocida shows increased antimicrobial resistance in Korea. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the...
Sat, 05/04/2019 - 01:17
Available online 2 May 2019 Author(s): Nagel Ariel, Vázquez Cristina Lourdes, Etulai Julia, Blanco Federico Carlos, Gravisaco Maria José, Gómez Ricardo Martín, Caimi KarinaAbstractLeptospirosis is a zoonosis, caused by pathogenic spirochetes of the genus Leptospira. Although cattle are usually the maintenance hosts of serovar Hardjo, Pomona is the most frequent serovar circulating in Argentina....
Thu, 04/25/2019 - 01:11
Available online 22 April 2019 Author(s): Pilar María Muñoz, Virginie Mick, Lorena Sacchini, Anna Janowicz, María Jesús de Miguel, Moulay-Ali Cherfa, Celia Rodriguez Nevado, Guillaume Girault, Sara Andrés-Barranco, Maryne Jay, Elisabetta Di Giannatale, Katiuscia Zilli, Massimo Ancora, Alessandro Dondo, Simona Zoppi, María Cruz Arnal, Manuela Tittarelli, Fabrizio De Massis, Bruno Garin-Bastuji,...
Sun, 04/14/2019 - 01:12
Available online 12 April 2019 Author(s): Olouwafemi Mistourath Mama, Elena Gómez-Sanz, Laura Ruiz-Ripa, Paula Gómez, Carmen TorresAbstractThis work aimed to determine the prevalence, diversity, antibiotic-resistance phenotype/genotype and virulence factors in staphylococci of farm-animals. Nasal samples of 117 farm-animals (calve: 72; lamb: 37; goat: 8) were collected from one slaughterhouse in...
Sun, 04/14/2019 - 01:12
Available online 12 April 2019 Author(s): Chenxi Wang, Zejiang Wang, Xiaolei Ren, Lan Wang, Chong Li, Yipeng Sun, Mingyang Wang, Qi Tong, Honglei Sun, Juan PuAbstractDomestic ducks are considered as an interface between wild aquatic birds and terrestrial poultry and play an important role in transmission and evolution of avian influenza viruses (AIVs). However, the infectivity of H9N2 AIVs in...
Tue, 04/09/2019 - 01:14
Available online 6 April 2019 Author(s): Juraj Bosák, Matěj Hrala, Viktória Pirková, Lenka Micenková, Alois Čížek, Jiří Smola, Dana Kučerová, Zdenka Vacková, Eva Budinská, Ivana Koláčková, David ŠmajsAbstractEnterotoxigenic and Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli (i.e., ETEC and STEC) are important causative agents of human and animal diseases. In humans, infections range from mild diarrhea to...
Tue, 04/09/2019 - 01:14
Available online 6 April 2019 Author(s): Daiane Voss-Rech, Beatris Kramer, Virgínia Santiago Silva, Raquel Rebelatto, Paulo Giovani Abreu, Arlei Coldebella, Clarissa Silveira Luiz VazAbstractThe vast capacity for maintenance and dissemination in the environment are major challenges for the control of Salmonella spp. in poultry farms. The aim of this study was to assess environmental contamination...
Tue, 04/09/2019 - 01:14
Available online 7 April 2019 Author(s): Annemarie Kaesbohrer, Karin Bakran-Lebl, Alexandra Irrgang, Jennie Fischer, Peter Kämpf, Arthur Schiffmann, Christiane Werckenthin, Matthias Busch, Lothar Kreienbrock, Katja HilleAbstractThe spread of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) in Escherichia coli is a major public health issue and ESBL-producing bacteria are frequently reported in livestock....
Wed, 03/20/2019 - 01:12
Available online 18 March 2019 Author(s): Victoria E. Watson, Megan E. Jacob, José M. Bruno-Bárcena, Sophia Amirsultan, Stephen H. Stauffer, Victoria O. Píqueras, Rafael Frias, Jody L. GookinAbstractTypical enteropathogenic E. coli (tEPEC) carries the highest hazard of death in children with diarrhea and atypical EPEC (aEPEC) was recently identified as significantly associated with diarrheal...
Fri, 03/15/2019 - 01:14
Available online 13 March 2019 Author(s): Yunyun Li, Jinquan Wang, Yuchen Li, Haiqin Wu, Shiyi Zhao, Qinghua YuAbstractPigs suffer enteritis induced by pathogenic bacteria infection and toxins in the moldy feed, which cause intestinal epithelial damage and diarrhea through the whole breeding cycle. Interleukin-22 (IL-22) plays a critical role in maintaining intestinal mucosal barrier function...
Thu, 03/14/2019 - 01:13
Available online 12 March 2019 Author(s): S. Carnaccini, J.J.S. Santos, A.O. Obadan, M.J. Pantin-Jackwood, D.L. Suarez, D.S. Rajão, D.R. PerezAbstractHighly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) is a viral disease with devastating consequences to the poultry industry as it results in high morbidity, mortality and international trade restrictions. In the present study, we characterized age-related...
Thu, 03/14/2019 - 01:13
Available online 12 March 2019 Author(s): Svenja Mamerow, Robert Scheffter, Susanne Röhrs, Olga Stech, Ulrike Blohm, Theresa Schwaiger, Charlotte Schröder, Reiner Ulrich, Jan Schinköthe, Martin Beer, Thomas C. Mettenleiter, Jürgen StechAbstractInfluenza A viruses (IAV) have caused seasonal epidemics and severe pandemics in humans. Novel pandemic strains as in 2009 may emerge from pigs, serving as...
Fri, 03/08/2019 - 01:14
Available online 6 March 2019 Author(s): María Cevallos-Almeida, Laure Martin, Catherine Houdayer, Valerie Rose, Jean-Marie Guionnet, Frédéric Paboeuf, Martine Denis, Annaëlle KerouantonAbstractSalmonella serovars Derby, Typhimurium and the monophasic variant of Salmonella Typhimurium are the most frequently isolated serovars in pigs in France. To compare the excretion patterns, seroconversion to...
Thu, 03/07/2019 - 01:16
Available online 1 March 2019 Author(s): Fernando L. Leite, Erika Vasquez, Connie J. Gebhart, Richard E. IsaacsonAbstractLawsonia intracellularis is among the most important enteric pathogens of swine and has been shown to be a risk factor for increased Salmonella enterica shedding. S. enterica serovar Typhimurium, in addition to being a significant pathogen of swine, also remains one of the most...
Sat, 03/02/2019 - 01:11
Available online 28 February 2019 Author(s): Haiqi He, Ryan J. Arsenault, Kenneth J. Genovese, Christina L. Swaggerty, Casey Johnson, David J. Nisbet, Michael H. KogutAbstractCalcium (Ca2+) is a pivotal intracellular second messenger and calmodulin (CaM) acts as a multifunctional calcium-binding protein that regulates intracellular Ca2+. Together they play an important role in regulating various...
Thu, 02/28/2019 - 01:10
Available online 23 February 2019 Author(s): Mette Fertner, Karl Pedersen, Mariann ChriélAbstractLivestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) is widely distributed in the Danish pig production. Spillover to the mink production is hypothesized to occur via contaminated pig by-products used in the production of mink feed.The aim of the present longitudinal experimental...
Thu, 02/28/2019 - 01:10
Available online 23 February 2019 Author(s): Mette Fertner, Karl Pedersen, Vibeke Frøkjær Jensen, Gitte Larsen, Mikkel Lindegaard, Julie Elvekjær Hansen, Mariann ChriélABSTRACTThe aim of the present study was to identify the animal prevalence and environmental reservoir of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) in mink farms. LA-MRSA on mink constitutes a human...
Sun, 02/24/2019 - 01:12
Available online 20 February 2019 Author(s): C.A Oliveira Júnior, R.O.S Silva, A.P Lage, F.M Coura, C.P Ramos, A.A. Alfieri, R.M.C Guedes, F.C.F LobatoAbstractNeonatal porcine diarrhea (NPD) is a current problem on pig farms and is caused by several enteropathogens. Among them, Clostridioides difficile stands out due to its importance in piglets and zoonotic potential. A non-toxigenic strain of C...
Sun, 02/24/2019 - 01:12
Available online 20 February 2019 Author(s): Walaa F. Awadin, Abdelfattah H. Eladl, Reham A. El-Shafei, Mohamed A. El-Adl, Hanaa S. AliAbstractAvian influenza virus (AIV) H9N2 infection causes economic losses on poultry farms, and immunostimulants are essential for improving chicken immunity. This study evaluated the immunological and pathological effects of vitamin E with Fetomune Plus® (a...
Sun, 02/10/2019 - 01:12
Available online 8 February 2019 Author(s): Gang Liu, Jinhua Yin, Bo Han, Herman W. Barkema, Muhammad Shahid, Jeroen De Buck, Eduardo R. Cobo, John P. Kastelic, Jian GaoAbstractAerococcus viridans, a firmicutes bacteria widespread in the environment, is increasingly isolated from humans and animals, especially cows with mastitis. However, its pathogenicity in the bovine mammary gland is unclear....
Fri, 02/08/2019 - 01:12
Available online 6 February 2019 Author(s): Véronique Bernier Gosselin, Simon Dufour, Pamela R.F. Adkins, Scott Poock, Patrick Pithua, John R. MiddletonAbstractThe objectives of this study were to 1) correlate pre-partum teat skin colonization with non-aureus staphylococcal (NAS) intramammary infection (IMI) in early lactation, and 2) evaluate infection dynamics of subclinical NAS IMI in goats...
Thu, 02/07/2019 - 01:13
Available online 5 February 2019 Author(s): Ting He, Yao-Hong Zhu, Jiao Yu, Bing Xia, Xiao Liu, Gui-Yan Yang, Jin-Hui Su, Liang Guo, Meng-Ling Wang, Jiu-Feng WangABSTRACTIn the current study, we screened Lactobacillus strains isolated from the colon of clinically healthy weaned piglets for potential probiotic properties and isolated L. johnsonii L531, which produced high levels of beneficial...
Thu, 02/07/2019 - 01:13
Available online 6 February 2019 Author(s): Ti Lu, Hyesuk Seo, Rodney A Moxley, Weiping ZhangAbstractK88 and F18 fimbrial enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) are the major causes of post-weaning diarrhea (PWD) in pigs. A vaccine that induces broad immunity to prevent K88 and F18 fimbrial ETEC bacterial attachment and colonization in pig small intestines and to neutralize enterotoxin...
Mon, 02/04/2019 - 01:10
Available online 2 February 2019 Author(s): Ahmed M. Erfan, Abdullah A. Selim, Shawky A. Helmy, Per Eriksson, Mahmoud M. NaguibAbstractImmunosuppressive viral diseases have a great economic importance in the poultry industry due to the increased susceptibility to secondary infections. Chicken anaemia virus (CAV) is one of the major immunosuppressive diseases in chickens. In addition, low...
Thu, 01/31/2019 - 01:13
Available online 29 January 2019 Author(s): Linjin Fan, Tiantian Wu, Altaf Hussain, Yulong Gao, Xianying Zeng, Yulong Wang, Li Gao, Kai Li, Yongqiang Wang, Changjun Liu, Hongyu Cui, Qing Pan, Yanping Zhang, Yufeng Liu, Hongjiang He, Xiaomei Wang, Xiaole QiAbstractInfectious bursal disease (IBD) is one of the most important immunosuppressive diseases that seriously threaten poultry farming and...
Sat, 01/19/2019 - 01:09
Available online 16 January 2019 Author(s): Lisa Niemann, Claudia Feudi, Inga Eichhorn, Dennis Hanke, Petra Müller, Jasmin Brauns, Rolf Nathaus, Franziska Schäkel, Doris Hoeltig, Michael Wendt, Kristina Kadlec, Stefan SchwarzAbstractPasteurella multocida is an important respiratory tract pathogen in intensive livestock farming, especially in pigs. Antimicrobial agents are frequently used to...
Wed, 01/09/2019 - 01:01
Available online 7 January 2019 Author(s): Casper Schroll, Kaisong Huang, Shahana Ahmed, Bodil M. Kristensen, Susanne Elisabeth Pors, Lotte Jelsbak, Sebastien Lemire, Line E. Thomsen, Jens Peter Christensen, Peter R. Jensen, John E. OlsenAbstractSalmonella Pathogenicity Islands 19 (SPI19) encodes a type VI secretion system (T6SS). SPI19 is only present in few serovars of S. enterica, including...
Wed, 01/09/2019 - 01:01
Available online 7 January 2019 Author(s): D. Lepp, S. Ojha, I. Mehdizadeh Gohari, B. Chakravarty, J.F. Prescott, J. GongAbstractNecrotic enteritis (NE) is an economically important disease of broiler chickens that is caused primarily by Clostridium perfringens strains that produce the NetB toxin. It is controlled in North America principally through the application of in-feed antimicrobials, but...
Sun, 01/06/2019 - 01:14
Available online 4 January 2019 Author(s): Baoyuan Liu, Yiyang Chen, Yani Sun, Yuchen Nan, Huixia Li, Taofeng Du, Julian A. Hiscox, Qin Zhao, En-Min ZhouAbstractHepatitis E virus (HEV) is a zoonotic virus that is capable of causing cross-species infection. Rabbits can be experimentally infected with human- and swine-derived HEV-4 in the species Orthohepevirus A, and avian-derived HEV-3 in the...
Tue, 12/04/2018 - 16:08
Available online 16 November 2018 Author(s): Xiaohong Xu, Cong Xue, Renfu Yin, Xinxin Liu, Junjiao Li, Yidong Fei, Zhe Liu, Jiaqi Mu, Yuhai Bi, Tobias Stoeger, Jing Qian, Zhuang DingAbstractNewcastle disease virus (NDV) and H9 subtype avian influenza virus (AIV) are two avian pathogens across the globe. Inasmuch as most poultry flocks worldwide are vaccinated with a live low-virulence or...
Tue, 12/04/2018 - 16:08
Available online 24 November 2018 Author(s): S. Pichette-Jolette, G. Millette, E. Demontier, D. Bran-Barrera, M. Cyrenne, C. Ster, D. Haine, G. Keefe, F. Malouin, J.P. RoyAbstractStaphylococcus aureus is a bacterial pathogen causing bovine intramammary infections (IMIs) often leading to chronic clinical or subclinical mastitis. Predicting the outcome of S. aureus IMIs (duration and clinical vs...
Tue, 12/04/2018 - 16:08
Available online 30 November 2018 Author(s): Rongxian Guo, Zhuoyang Li, Xiaohui Zhou, Cuiying Huang, Yachen Hu, Shizhong Geng, Xiang Chen, Qiuchun Li, Zhiming Pan, Xinan JiaoAbstractSalmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Gallinarum biovar Pullorum (Salmonella Pullorum) is a host-specific serovar causing systemic infection with high mortality in young chicks. Pullorum disease is characterized...
Tue, 12/04/2018 - 16:08
Available online 30 November 2018 Author(s): Se-Hee An, Chung-Young Lee, Jun-Gu Choi, Youn-Jeong Lee, Jae-Hong Kim, Hyuk-Joon KwonAbstractWe developed A/PR/8/34 (PR8) virus-based reverse genetics system in which six internal genes of PR8 and attenuated hemagglutinin and intact neuraminidase genes of field avian influenza viruses (AIVs) have been used for the generation of highly productive...
Tue, 12/04/2018 - 16:08
Available online 1 December 2018 Author(s): Rongchang Liu, Shaohua Shi, Yu Huang, Zhen Chen, Cuiteng Chen, Longfei Cheng, Guanghua Fu, Hongmei Chen, Chunhe Wan, Fu QiulingAbstractDuck hepatitis A virus (DHAV) is a major pathogen of viral hepatitis in ducks, which is a fatal and contagious disease of young ducklings. Despite the identification of numerous DHAV strains (e.g. DHAV-3, DHAV-2, DHAV-1...
Tue, 12/04/2018 - 16:08
Publication date: December 2018 , Volume 227Author(s): Jodi Maree Courtice, Layla Khalid Mahdi, Peter John Groves, Michael KotiwAbstractSpotty Liver Disease is an acute infectious disease of layer chickens that was likely first described in the USA and Canada in the 1950s and 1960′s. The disease occurs almost exclusively in barn and free-range production systems. Outbreaks usually, but not...
Tue, 12/04/2018 - 16:08
Publication date: December 2018 , Volume 227Author(s): Lavicie R. Arais, André V. Barbosa, João R.C. Andrade, Tânia A.T. Gomes, Marise D. Asensi, Caio A.M. Aires, Aloysio M.F. CerqueiraAbstractRecent studies point atypical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (aEPEC) to be an important agent in childhood diarrhoea in Brazil. aEPEC are commonly found in various animal species, including dogs....
Tue, 12/04/2018 - 16:08
Publication date: December 2018 , Volume 227Author(s): Andrea Schabauer, Beate Pinior, Christina-Maria Gruber, Clair L. Firth, Annemarie Käsbohrer, Martin Wagner, Kathrin Rychli, Walter ObritzhauserAbstractBovine mastitis, an inflammation of the udder usually caused by bacteria, is the most common disease in dairy cattle worldwide with a negative economic impact on the dairy industry.In this...
Tue, 12/04/2018 - 16:08
Publication date: December 2018 , Volume 227Author(s): Jing Yang, Jiajun Tian, Lin Chen, Yi Tang, Youxiang DiaoAbstractA severe infectious disease characterized by nephritis, hepatitis and splenitis has attacked goslings around Shandong province in China since 2016. A novel chicken-origin avian orthoreovirus (ARV) was isolated with LMH cells from affected goslings named Reo/Goose/SDPY/1116/17 (...
Tue, 12/04/2018 - 16:08
Publication date: December 2018 , Volume 227Author(s): Rebecca J. Gosling, Doris Mueller-Doblies, Francesca Martelli, Javier Nunez-Garcia, Nick Kell, Andre Rabie, Andy D. Wales, Robert H. DaviesAbstractFollowing a rapid rise in cases of monophasic Salmonella Typhimurium DT193 (mST) in humans and pigs since 2007 a detailed study of the prevalence and persistence of mST on pig and cattle farms in...
Tue, 12/04/2018 - 16:08
Publication date: December 2018 , Volume 227Author(s): Jake A. Lacey, Dragana Stanley, Anthony L. Keyburn, Mark Ford, Honglei Chen, Priscilla Johanesen, Dena Lyras, Robert J. MooreAbstractProblem addressed: Clostridium perfringens is the etiological agent of necrotic enteritis in chickens. As necrotic enteritis is a gastrointestinal disease, the interactions of pathogenic C. perfringens strains...
Tue, 12/04/2018 - 16:08
Publication date: December 2018 , Volume 227Author(s): Alessia De Lucia, André Rabie, Richard P. Smith, Rob Davies, Fabio Ostanello, Dolapo Ajayi, Liljana Petrovska, Francesca MartelliAbstractFoodborne outbreaks caused by Salmonella are often attributed to the pork consumption. Salmonella contamination of retail pork is directly linked to the Salmonella prevalence on farm. In UK, approximately 40...

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