Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Sat, 01/30/2021 - 06:13
Author(s): Subhankar Mukherjee, Soumyadeb Bhattacharyya, Koustuv Ghosh, Souvik Pal, Arnab Halder, Maryam Naseri, Mohsen Mohammadniaei, Subrata Sarkar, Alokesh Ghosh, Yi Sun, Nabarun Bhattacharyya In recent decades, contaminations with heavy metals ions have adversely affected the environment, food safety, and human health. Heavy metals, leaching to water sources from the industrial effluents, can...
Sat, 01/30/2021 - 06:13
Author(s): Yue Wu, Jun-Hu Cheng, Da-Wen Sun Aflatoxins are one of the maximal menaces to food safety and public health and can contaminate food during the entire process from field to table, which can then be digested by the consumer, causing irreversible negative impacts such as immunotoxic, carcinogenic, and mutagenic effects. Therefore, development of novel technology to decontaminate...
Sat, 01/30/2021 - 06:13
Author(s): María Belén Medina, Martín Sebastián Munitz, Silvia Liliana Resnik The residues of deltamethrin, penconazole, kresoxim-methyl, cyproconazole, epoxiconazole and azoxystrobin were determined in husk rice, brown rice, husk and bran, fifty samples of each matrix, obtained from industrial rice facilities, to estimate the distribution of contamination levels during industrial rice processing...
Sat, 01/30/2021 - 06:13
Author(s): Azam Ali Sher, Muhammad Adnan Ashraf, Bahar-E Mustafa, Muhammad Mohsin Raza Campylobacter is a major cause of foodborne diarrheal infections in the United States of America (USA). This study aimed to elucidate the patterns of Campylobacter foodborne outbreaks temporally and spatially concerning food vehicles. We collected the data of foodborne outbreaks from 1998 to 2016 reported to...
Sat, 01/30/2021 - 06:13
Author(s): Nedjma Lounes, Falk Melzer, Ashraf E. Sayour, Hassiba Tali Maamar, Kheira Rahal, Nabila Benamrouche, Malika Lazri, Abdallah Bouyoucef, Ashraf Hendam, Heinrich Neubauer, Hosny El Adawy Brucellosis is an infectious disease of several terrestrial and marine animals and humans caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella. This study aimed to identify Brucella species and biovars circulating in...
Sat, 01/30/2021 - 06:12
Author(s): Niels Demaître, Koen De Reu, Annelies Haegeman, Dries Schaumont, Lieven De Zutter, Annemie Geeraerd, Geertrui Rasschaert The introduction, transmission, and persistence of Listeria monocytogenes in Belgian beef slaughterhouses was investigated using genetic characterization. During slaughter, samples were taken of the hide, carcass, and environment to detect the pathogen. Remarkably, L...
Sat, 01/30/2021 - 06:11
Author(s): Sangha Han, Ji yeon Jo, Sa Reum Park, Changsun Choi, Sang-Do Ha Clam jeotgal, called "jogaejeotgal," is a Korean fermented seafood product with, generally, a high amount of added salt to inhibit the growth of pathogenic microorganisms. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of chlorine dioxide (ClO2) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) against murine norovirus 1 (MNV-1), a surrogate for...
Sat, 01/30/2021 - 04:02
It is commonly known that the widespread use of antibiotics has led to their existence in food products as residues and ingestion of these food products may create a selection pressure on bacteria inhabiting the human body. In this study, an optimized method for the analysis of antibiotic residues in different food groups, including cereals, meat, eggs, milk, vegetables, and fruits, was developed...
Sat, 01/30/2021 - 02:02
Mycotoxin contamination in animal milk is an emerging concern around the globe. Here we developed and validated an ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry-selected reaction monitoring (UHPLC/MS-SRM) method to quantify low concentrations of aflatoxins (AFs) and ochratoxins (OTs) in routinely consumed animal milk samples collected from southern India. Stable isotope...
Sat, 01/30/2021 - 02:01
The Duyen Hai Seaport covering more than 427 hectares of water surface is part of a Duyen Hai thermal power plant complex. In the last years, port operations can lead to impact on air, water, land, and the ecosystem. To evaluate the ecological risk caused by heavy metals at the Duyen Hai Seaport, 17 surficial sediment samples were collected along the ship flow from shoreline to the material...
Sat, 01/30/2021 - 02:01
Abstract Aims Residues of antibiotics such as oxytetracycline (OTC) in soil can affect microbial compositions and activities, thus affecting soil P availability, and consequently plant P uptake and growth. Methods A pot experiment was performed to grow alfalfa in a loess soil with different doses of P (0, 25, 50, and 100 mg kg−1) and OTC (0, 25, 50, and 100 mg kg−1). Plant dry mass, shoot and...
Sat, 01/30/2021 - 00:00
Botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A) injections have to be administered repeatedly to achieve a rather stable, high level of improvement. This study aimed to take a look at changes in the daily routine of a BoNT/A outpatient clinic due to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic lockdown, analyze the impact of SARS-CoV-2-induced re-injection delay on outcomes in patients with cervical dystonia (CD) (n = 36) and...
Sat, 01/30/2021 - 00:00
The misuse and overuse of antibiotics have resulted in an alarmingly high prevalence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in human and animal bacteria. European monitoring programmes show that AMR occurrence in food animals is lower in Sweden than in most other EU Member States and that the use of antibiotics for animals is among the lowest in Europe. In this retrospective country case study, we...
Sat, 01/30/2021 - 00:00
Poultry meat and eggs are vital sources of protein for human consumption worldwide. The use of several nutritional and medicinal products, including antibiotics, is crucial for efficient and safe poultry production. Accumulation of drug residues in meat and eggs from inappropriate drug use is a major concern to public health. Recently, enrofloxacin was detected (2.4–3.8 ppb) in edible...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 22:07
A novel hexagonal boron nitride modified reduced graphene oxide material was synthesized and used as the adsorbent for the solid‐phase microextraction of seven polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from water and soil samples prior to their detection by gas chromatography‐flame ionization detector. Under optimal conditions, the linear response range of the analytes for water sample is 0.25‐50 ng mL−1...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 16:00
Listeria monocytogenes is one of the major food-related pathogens and is able to survive and multiply under different stress conditions. Its persistence in industrial premises and foods is partially due to its ability to form biofilm. Thus, as a natural strategy to overcome L. monocytogenes biofilm formation, the treatment with lactocin AL705 using a sublethal dose (20AU/ml) was explored. The...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 16:00
Infection with H5N6 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus caused high mortality in chickens, while ducks often appear to be asymptomatic. But, some recent H5Nx subtype viruses could cause high mortality in ducks. The variation between different species and the mechanisms by which some H5Nx viruses cause death in ducks requires investigation to identify the key processes in influenza...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 16:00
Campylobacter species are Gram-negative, motile, and non–spore-forming bacteria with a unique helical shape that changes to filamentous or coccoid as an adaptive response to environmental stresses. The relatively small genome (1.6 Mbp) of Campylobacter with unique cellular and molecular physiology is only understood to a limited extent. The overall strict requirement of this fastidious...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 12:00
Regulatory agencies have derived noncancer toxicity values for 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin based on reduced sperm counts relying on single studies from a large body of evidence. Techniques such as meta-regression allow for greater use of the available data while simultaneously providing important information regarding the uncertainty associated with the underlying evidence base when...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 12:00
Background Antibiotics designed to decolonize carriers of drug-resistant organisms could offer substantial population health benefits, particularly if they can help avert outbreaks by interrupting person-to-person transmission chains. However, cost effectiveness of an antibiotic is typically evaluated only according to its benefits to recipients, which can be difficult to demonstrate for carriers...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 12:00
Background The 2019 American Thoracic Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) revised recommendations for culturing and empiric broad-spectrum antibiotics. We simulated guideline adoption in Veterans Affairs (VA) inpatients. Methods For all VA acute hospitalizations for CAP from 2006–2016 nationwide, we compared observed with guideline-...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 12:00
Background Environmental contamination is an important source of hospital multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) transmission. Factors such as patient MDRO contact precautions (CP) status, patient proximity to surfaces, and unit type likely influence MDRO contamination and bacterial bioburden levels on patient room surfaces. Identifying factors associated with environmental contamination in patient...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 06:08
Author(s): Sara Martillanes, Javier Rocha-Pimienta, Jaime Llera-Oyola, María Victoria Gil, María Concepción Ayuso-Yuste, Jesús García-Parra, Jonathan Delgado-Adámez In the last few years, severaloutbreaks caused by Listeria monocytogenes from meat products have been reported, implying potential health problems that can be very serious for the population at risk. This work aimed to evaluate the...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 06:07
Author(s): Seyedeh Faezeh Taghizadeh, Ramin Rezaee, Majid Azizi, A. Wallace Hayes, John P. Giesy, Gholamreza Karimi The present study assessed the risk posed by simultaneous oral exposure to a mixture of 22 pesticides, 6 metals, and 16 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in fruits of date palms, to Iranian consumers. Various cultivars of dates were collected from six regions in Iran....
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 06:06
Author(s): Ivana Mirkov, Aleksandra Popov Aleksandrov, Marina Ninkov, Dina Tucovic, Jelena Kulas, Milica Zeljkovic, Dusanka Popovic, Milena Kataranovski Cadmium (Cd) has been listed as one of the most toxic substances affecting numerous tissues/organs, including the immune system. Due to variations in studies examining Cd effects on the immune system (exposure regime, experimental systems, immune...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 06:06
Author(s): Anand Kumar Chaudhari, Vipin Kumar Singh, Somenath Das, Nawal Kishore Dubey Spoilage of food by mycotoxigenic fungi poses a serious risk to food security throughout the world. In view of the negative effects of synthetic preservatives, essential oils (EOs) and their bioactive constituents are gaining momentum as suitable substitute to ensure food safety by controlling mycotoxins....
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 06:05
LWT
Author(s): Roger Junges da Costa, Andresa Pereira da Silva, Renata Nobre da Fonseca, Silvia de Oliveira Hübner, Elen Silveira Nalério, Juliana de Lima Marques, Helena Reissig Soares Vitola, Wladimir Padilha da Silva, Eduarda Hallal Duval, Ângela Maria Fiorentini The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize bacteriocinogenic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from mutton carcasses after slaughter...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 04:02
As one of the most toxic forms of arsenic, inorganic As(III) is easy to accumulate in rice, leading to severe public health problems. Effective control of As(III) requires the development of fast analytical methods for its detection with high sensitivity and specificity. Toward this end, in this work, we report the fabrication of an As(III) electrochemical sensor based on a solution-gated...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 04:02
Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) is a persistent public health concern in the United States and is the third leading cause of death from foodborne illness. Cross-contamination of L. monocytogenes is common in delis (between contaminated and uncontaminated equipment, food and hands) and likely plays a role in the associated with retail deli meats. In 2012, EHS-Net conducted a study to...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 04:02
Fresh produce-borne enteric bacterial pathogens with resistance to antibiotics have posed serious challenges to food safety and public health worldwide.  This study examined the antibiotic resistance profile of Salmonella enterica (n=33), previously isolated from exotic and indigenous leafy green vegetable samples (n=328) collected from 50 vegetable farms in 12 farming areas and 37 vegetable...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 04:02
Beef-based medium beef extract (BE) and standard medium tryptic soy broth (TSB) are used as minimally processed food models to study their effects on Escherichia coli O157:H7 biofilm formation. The effects of temperatures (4 °C, 10 °C, 25 °C, 37 °C, and 42 °C), pH values (4.5, 5.0, 5.5, 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0), strain characteristics, and the expression of functional genes on biofilm formation ability...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 04:02
This study evaluated the potential impact of environmental factors and harvesting practices on microbial load of macadamia nuts. Three farms located in the main macadamia nut production regions including Mbombela (A), Barberton (B) and White River (C) areas in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa were sampled over a ,rtwo-year period. A total of 264, irrigation water (54), soil (30) and macadamia...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 02:02
Giardia comprises one genus with several morphologically distinct species described in mammals (including humans, marsupials, rodents), birds, and amphibians. This group of protists provokes diarrhoea diseases in humans and animals worldwide. Transmission of the parasite occurs through the faecal-oral route. Regarding the presence of Giardia in invertebrates, some works have shown that flies can...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 02:01
The world is challenged to meet the food demand of a growing population, especially in developing countries. Given the ambitious plans to scale up agroforestry in Africa, an improved understanding of the effect of agroforestry practices on the already challenged food security of rural households is crucial. The present study was undertaken to assess how on-farm trees impacted food security in...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 02:01
The adsorption of Cd by sand-attapulgite cutoff wall backfill media was investigated with batch experiments for different quantities of attapulgite in the mixture (30%, 40%, 60%, and 100%; dry weight). The adsorption capacity of the media for Cd increased with the increase of attapulgite content (Ap). The change of adsorbed amount (qt) with time (t) exhibited two-stage behavior, with more than 80...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 00:00
Bacillus cereus is a ubiquitous soil bacterium responsible for two types of food-associated gastrointestinal diseases. While the emetic type, a food intoxication, manifests in nausea and vomiting, food infections with enteropathogenic strains cause diarrhea and abdominal pain. Causative toxins are the cyclic dodecadepsipeptide cereulide, and the proteinaceous enterotoxins hemolysin BL (Hbl),...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 00:00
Since 2008, veterinary authorities in Greece have implemented national control programmes (NSCPs) targeting S. Enteritidis (SE) and S. Typhimurium (ST) in poultry. We assessed the effect of the programs on the reported number of human isolates. Using monthly data for 2006–2017, we defined two groups (SE, ST) and one control group with serotypes unrelated to poultry or eggs. For SE we...
Fri, 01/29/2021 - 00:00
The global increase in infections by multi-drug resistant (MDR) pathogens is severely impacting our ability to successfully treat common infections. Herein, we report the antibacterial activity against S. aureus and E. faecalis (including some MDR strains) of a panel of adarotene-related synthetic retinoids. In many cases, these compounds showed, together with favorable MICs, a detectable...
Thu, 01/28/2021 - 22:08
Commercial application of infrared (IR) heat has been hampered by a lack of readily available data adaptable to high‐throughput (HT) drying requirements in the grain processing industry. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a continuous flow IR heating system to simultaneously dry and decontaminate corn over various drying bed thicknesses (1.5, 2.7, and 4.5 cm). Additionally, impacts of...
Thu, 01/28/2021 - 22:07
Encapsulation is a promising technological process enabling the protection of bioactive compounds against harsh storage, processing, and gastrointestinal tract (GIT) conditions. Legume proteins (LPs) are unique carriers that can efficiently encapsulate these unstable and highly reactive ingredients. Stable LPs‐based microcapsules loaded with active ingredients can thus develop to be embedded into...
Thu, 01/28/2021 - 22:07
Histamine poisoning is a significant public health and safety concern. Intoxication from ingestion of food containing high amounts of histamine may cause mild or severe symptoms that can even culminate in cardiac arrest. Nonetheless, although histamine levels in dairy products are not subject to any regulation, important outbreaks and severe adverse health effects have been reported due to intake...
Thu, 01/28/2021 - 22:07
Animal milk types in sub‐Saharan Africa (SSA) are processed into varieties of products using different traditional methods and are widely consumed by households to support nutritional intake and diet. Dairy products contain several microorganisms, their metabolites, and other chemical compounds, some with health benefits and many others considered as potential health hazards. Consumption of...
Thu, 01/28/2021 - 22:07
Wine authentication is vital in identifying malpractice and fraud, and various physical and chemical analytical techniques have been employed for this purpose. Besides wet chemistry, these include chromatography, isotopic ratio mass spectrometry, optical spectroscopy, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, which have been applied in recent years in combination with chemometric...
Thu, 01/28/2021 - 22:07
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous in the air, oils, water, and food products we encounter every day. Among these exposures, food consumption is a major route of PAH exposure for nonsmokers. The PAH dietary exposure levels vary among different countries; however, many studies have shown PAH exposure to be highly concerning to human health. The levels of PAH contamination in...
Thu, 01/28/2021 - 18:01
Introduction:Environmental arsenic contamination is a major toxicological problem worldwide due to its carcinogenic and nephrotoxic potential.Aim:The purpose of this observational study was to determine the suspected association between urinary arsenic (uAs) and urinary leucine (or leucyl) aminopeptidase 3 (uLAP3) to evaluate uLAP3 as a candidate biomarker of exposure to airborne arsenic....
Thu, 01/28/2021 - 16:00
Hg is an environmental pollutant with severe biotoxicity. Epiphytic Tillandsia species, especially Spanish moss T. usneoides, are widely used as the bioindicator of Hg pollution. However, the effects of different Hg concentrations on Tillandsia have been rarely studied and the occurrence of hormesis in Tillandsia species has not been determined. In this study, T. usneoides was subjected to stress...
Thu, 01/28/2021 - 16:00
Photosynthesis sustains plant life on earth and is indispensable for plant growth and development. Factors such as unfavorable environmental conditions, stress regulatory networks, and plant biochemical processes limits the photosynthetic efficiency of plants and thereby threaten food security worldwide. Although numerous physiological approaches have been used to assess the performance of key...
Thu, 01/28/2021 - 16:00
The discovery of outer membrane proteins (OMPs) with desirable specificity and surface availability is a fundamental challenge to develop accurate immunodiagnostic assay and multivalent vaccine of pathogenic Vibrio species in food and aquaculture. Herein 101 OMPs were systemically screened from 4,831 non-redundant proteins of Vibrio parahaemolyticus by bioinformatical predication of signaling...
Thu, 01/28/2021 - 16:00
Common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) were shown to be susceptible to inhalational infection with Coxiella burnetii, in a dose-dependent manner, producing a disease similar to human Q fever, characterized by a resolving febrile response. Illness was also associated with weight loss, liver enzyme dysfunction, characteristic cellular activation, circulating INF-γ and bacteraemia. Viable C. burnetii...
Thu, 01/28/2021 - 14:03
Zinc, cadmium, and lead in livers, kidneys, and feathers of 48 young and adult Atlantic puffins found dead or dying off the coast of Galicia (Northwest Spain) were determined. The most abundant between the three elements was the essential metal zinc, with highest mean levels (173 ± 9 mg/kg dry weight) in livers. For the two non-essential metals, the highest mean levels of cadmium were found in...

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