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Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

Thu, 08/08/2019 - 01:04
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2019Source: Author(s): Edmund D. Brodie
Thu, 08/08/2019 - 01:03
Publication date: January 2020 , Volume 107Author(s): Amanda Beatriz Sales de Lima, Acsa Santos Batista, Josane Cardim de Jesus, Jaqueline de Jesus Silva, Antônia Cardoso Mendes de Araújo, Leandro Soares SantosAbstractSpices are high value-added ingredients that are part of a complex supply chain susceptible to a variety of fraudulent actions which requires fast and efficient quality control. The...
Thu, 08/08/2019 - 01:03
Publication date: January 2020 , Volume 107Author(s): Fernanda B. Campagnollo, Marianna M. Furtado, Beatriz S. Silva, Larissa P. Margalho, Joyce A. Carminati, Anderson S. Sant’Ana, Maristela S. NascimentoAbstractThis study intended to estimate the probability of salmonellosis in the Brazilian population due to milk chocolate consumption using a quantitative microbiological risk assessment (QMRA...
Thu, 08/08/2019 - 01:03
Available online 6 August 2019 Author(s): Camila Gadotti, Fereidoun Forghani, Francisco Diez-GonzalezAbstractHispanic style soft non-fermented cheeses, such as queso fresco (QF) have been linked to outbreaks and recalls. Salmonella is one of the main causes of these incidents. Due to lack of ripening or post-processing antimicrobial treatments, incorporating GRAS antimicrobials to production...
Thu, 08/08/2019 - 01:03
Available online 6 August 2019 Author(s): Gabriela Nogueira Viçosa, Clarisse Vieira Botelho, Cristian Botta, Marta Bertolino, Antônio Fernandes de Carvalho, Luís Augusto Nero, Luca CocolinAbstractBiocontrol of Staphylococcus aureus by lactic acid bacteria can be considered as a feasible alternative to the use of chemicals in foods, but the mechanisms underlying this antagonistic interaction...
Thu, 08/08/2019 - 01:03
Available online 6 August 2019 Author(s): Manuela Tamburro, Michela Lucia Sammarco, Incoronata Fanelli, Giancarlo RipabelliAbstractThis study aimed to characterize serovar 1/2a, 1/2b, 1/2c and 4b of Listeria monocytogenes cultures based on High Resolution Melting (HRM) profiles, targeting 53 fragments in the region comprising prs, Listeria Pathogenicity Island-1 (LIPI-1) and ldh loci, and 28...
Thu, 08/08/2019 - 01:03
Available online 7 August 2019 Author(s): Mariana B. Soares, Carine N. Almada, Caroline N. Almada, Rafael C.R. Martinez, Eliene P.R. Pereira, Celso F. Balthazar, Adriano G. Cruz, C. Senaka Ranadheera, Anderson S. Sant'AnaAbstractEven though spore-forming bacteria have been mainly linked to spoilage or foodborne pathogens vehiculated through foods, some strains of Bacillus can potentially present...
Thu, 08/08/2019 - 01:03
Available online 6 August 2019 Author(s): Luciano Molognoni, Heitor Daguer, Gabriel Emiliano Motta, Thais Cardoso Merlo, Juliano De Dea LindnerAbstractMeat products are important for balanced diets because of their nutritional richness. However, noxious compounds may be formed by interactions among reactants and specific conditions in processed meats. N-nitroso compounds, heterocyclic aromatic...
Thu, 08/08/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 466: Biomonitoring of Deoxynivalenol and Deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside in Human Volunteers: Renal Excretion Profiles Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080466 Authors: Marcel Mengelers Marco Zeilmaker Arnau Vidal Marthe De Boevre Sarah De Saeger Rudolf Hoogenveen Biomarkers for the determination of the dietary exposure to deoxynivalenol (DON) have been proposed in...
Thu, 08/08/2019 - 00:00
Daily consumption of fruits has rendered sophisticated techniques for accurate evaluation of its quality and how it can be initiated in a more rapid way has become a state-of-art for the fruit processors and food safety agencies. With the advent of non-destructive techniques in the past two decades, the quality and safety assessment procedure has become more reliable and non-...
Thu, 08/08/2019 - 00:00
Abstract Dairy foods are complex ecosystems composed of microorganisms from different origins that can affect flavor and safety of final products. The objective of this paper is to assess the in-house microbiota of two Brazilian dairies and to discuss the possible implications of the taxa determined for food protection. In total, 27 samples from dairies were cultured in...
Thu, 08/08/2019 - 00:00
Abstract The aim of this study was to isolate Enterococcus faecium from raw milk samples, to characterize its antimicrobial metabolites, and to evaluate its viability in a probiotic Minas Frescal cheese. For this, antagonist activity against Listeria monocytogenes, safety aspects and biochemical, genotypic, and probiotic characteristics of the isolates were evaluated. Minas...
Thu, 08/08/2019 - 00:00
Abstract Microbial bioremediation of heavy metal–contaminated soil is a potential technique to reduce heavy metals in crop plants. However, the dynamics and roles of the local microbiota in bioremediation of heavy metal–contaminated soil following microbial application are rarely reported. In this study, we used Pseudomonas chenduensis strain MBR for bioremediation of Cd-...
Wed, 08/07/2019 - 09:23
Abstract The prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes in the retail fish markets of the Kerala, India was investigated by screening 227 samples comprising of marine finfish (n=97) shellfish (n=19), ready‐to‐cook fish products (n=47), ready‐to‐eat fish products (n=10), dried fish (n=11) and retail ice (n=43). The prevalence of L. monocytogenes and L. innocua was 2.7% and 17.2% respectively. Sample...
Wed, 08/07/2019 - 05:34
Analysis of the influence of osmotic dehydration on reduction of selected microorganisms inoculated on dehydrating chicken meat, as a mean of assessing the microbiological safety of osmotic dehydration process, is conducted. Chicken meat cubes were inoculated with Esherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella spp. and subjected to the osmotic dehydration process with varied parameters...
Wed, 08/07/2019 - 05:22
Abstract Sustainability and a more environment‐friendly approach is an emerging issue relevant to crop production. Abiotic stresses like drought, salinity, heat, cold or heavy metal pollution can severely compromise yields, and in this respect, plant protection practices should be highly efficient as well as safe for the environment and people. Among the many ways to achieve high productivity of...
Wed, 08/07/2019 - 05:22
Abstract Aims This investigation was undertaken to study the prevalence, enterotoxin gene profile and molecular epidemiology of Aeromonads from various sources of water (182) and fish (173). Methods and Results A total of 116 Aeromonas sp. were isolated, of which 48 (26·37%) were from water and 68 (34·62%) were from fish samples collected from retail markets and fish farms. The Aeromonads were...
Wed, 08/07/2019 - 05:22
Abstract Aims We developed a strategy for localized delivery of the LFCA (lactoferricinlactoferrampin), which is actively synthesized in situ by Lactococcus lactis (pAMJ399‐LFCA/LLMG1363), and explored the possibility of using pAMJ399‐LFCA/LLMG1363 as an alternative additive diet to antibiotics. Methods and Results The antimicrobial activities of the LFCA derived from pAMJ399‐LFCA/LLMG1363...
Wed, 08/07/2019 - 05:22
Abstract Aims Manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) is one of the most popular seafood in Korea, owing to their unique taste and nutritional value. This study aimed to disclose the antibiotic and heavy metal resistance characteristics of Aeromonas spp. isolated from marketed Manila clam in Korea. Methods and results A total of 36 Aeromonas spp. strains were isolated and subjected to two tests...
Wed, 08/07/2019 - 05:22
Abstract Aim Study is focused on the influence of cadmium addition to growth media on production yield, their size and molecular mass of exopolysaccharides (EPS) synthesized by three rhizosphere bacteria strains. Inhibition of bacterial growth by increasing concentrations of Cd2+ was also analysed. Methods and Results The highest impact of Cd2+ was noticed on the growth of Arthrobacter sp. and...
Wed, 08/07/2019 - 05:22
Abstract Aims The control of Listeria monocytogenes biofilm formation using lactocin AL705 bacteriocin at sub‐minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) through an antiquorum sensing strategy, was preliminarily investigated. Methods and Results The screening for biofilm formation of different Listeria species at 10°C allowed selecting L. monocytogenes FBUNT for its use as biofilm producer. MIC...
Wed, 08/07/2019 - 05:22
Abstract Aim Shiga toxin‐producing Escherichia coli (STEC) cause bloody diarrhoea, kidney failure and occasionally death. However, identifying the source of infection caused by STEC other than serogroup O157 is hampered by the availability of sensitive methods for detecting these pathogens. In this study, we developed novel tools for detecting E. coli O55 that is potentially associated with...
Wed, 08/07/2019 - 05:22
Abstract Aims To elucidate the antibiotic resistance and virulence genes of nisin‐resistant Enterococcus faecalis isolated from raw buffalo milk and to study the effect of nisin‐sensitive and ‐resistant E. faecalis on the innate immunity of rats. Methods and Results Slanetz–Bartley agar plates containing nisin were used to isolate nisin‐resistant E. faecalis. The virulence factors were...
Wed, 08/07/2019 - 01:05
Publication date: Available online 5 August 2019 Food Science and Human WellnessAuthor(s): Adel F. Ahmed, Fatma A.K. Attia, Zhenhua Liu, Changqin Li, Jinfeng Wei, Wenyi KangAbstractThe present study was conducted to evaluate the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the essential oils and ethanol extracts of Ocimum basilicum L. obtained from Assiut, Minia and BeniSuef of Egypt. The...
Wed, 08/07/2019 - 00:00
Bloomy rind cheeses, including Brie, Camembert, and related varieties, are at high risk of contamination by environmental pathogens during manufacture and ripening. This risk is particularly high during ripening due to open-air exposure of the product. Currently, no kill step is applied after manufacture or post ripening to control food safety risks associated with Listeria monocytogenes...
Wed, 08/07/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 463: Investigation of Zearalenone Adsorption and Biotransformation by Microorganisms Cultured under Cellular Stress Conditions Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080463 Authors: Rogowska Pomastowski Walczak Railean-Plugaru Rudnicka Buszewski The zearalenone binding and metabolization ability of probiotic microorganisms, such as lactic acid bacteria,...
Wed, 08/07/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 464: Camelid VHHs Fused to Human Fc Fragments Provide Long Term Protection Against Botulinum Neurotoxin A in Mice Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11080464 Authors: Godakova Noskov Vinogradova Ugriumova Solovyev Esmagambetov Tukhvatulin Logunov Naroditsky Shcheblyakov Gintsburg The bacterium Clostridium botulinum is the causative agent of...
Tue, 08/06/2019 - 20:00
Salmonella enterica is regarded as a major public health threat worldwide. Salmonella secretes the novel translocated effector protein K2 (SseK2), but it is unclear whether this protein plays a significant role i...
Tue, 08/06/2019 - 20:00
Campylobacter jejuni is the leading cause of human foodborne illness globally, and is strongly linked with the consumption of contaminated poultry products. Several studies have shown that C. jejuni can form sanitizer tolerant biofilm leading to product contamination, however, limited research has been conducted to develop effective control strategies against C. jejuni biofilms. This study...
Tue, 08/06/2019 - 20:00
Campylobacter jejuni is a Gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium that commensally inhabits the intestinal tracts of livestock and birds, and which also persists in surface waters. C. jejuni is a leading cause of foodborne gastroenteritis, and these infections are sometimes associated with the development of post-infection sequelae such as Guillain-Barré Syndrome. Flagella are considered a primary...
Tue, 08/06/2019 - 17:00
Michael DiBartolomeis, Susan Kegley, Pierre Mineau, Rosemarie Radford, Kendra Klein We present a method for calculating the Acute Insecticide Toxicity Loading (AITL) on US agricultural lands and surrounding areas and an assessment of the changes in AITL from 1992 through 2014. The AITL method accounts for the total mass of insecticides used in the US, acute toxicity to insects using honey bee...
Tue, 08/06/2019 - 13:29
Abstract Aims This work aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of pure (ZnO) and doped (ZnMgO) zinc oxide nanoparticles on bacterial pathogens and Saccharomyces cerevisiae to confirm their applicability as an alternative to antibiotics and to estimate their biocompatibility. Methods and Results Microbial growth inhibition on agar plates, microbial viability and adaptation tests in broth...
Tue, 08/06/2019 - 13:29
Abstract Aims This work aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of pure (ZnO) and doped (ZnMgO) zinc oxide nanoparticles on bacterial pathogens and Saccharomyces cerevisiae to confirm their applicability as an alternative to antibiotics and to estimate their biocompatibility. Methods and Results Microbial growth inhibition on agar plates, microbial viability and adaptation tests in broth...
Tue, 08/06/2019 - 00:00
Abstract Prevalence of Salmonella in slaughter sheep and cattle was determined by International Organization for Standardization Method 6579 (ISO) and Vitek Immunodiagnostic Assay System UP Salmonella Phage Technology (VIDAS UP Salmonella SPT—VIDAS UP). A total of 400 healthy slaughter sheep (n = 200) and cattle (n = 200) carcass (C), fecal content (FC), mesenteric lymph node (...
Tue, 08/06/2019 - 00:00
Journal of Agricultural and Food ChemistryDOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.9b03372
Mon, 08/05/2019 - 20:00
In food safety the detection of food contaminations with pathogenic microorganisms is a race against time and often outpaced by error-prone epidemiological approaches. For evidence-based outbreak investigations fast and reliable techniques and procedures are required to identify the source of infection. Metagenomics has the potential to become a powerful tool in the field of modern food safety,...
Mon, 08/05/2019 - 13:00
Abstract In the United Kingdom, there has been an increase in the number of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections in people annually since 2010. Most of these are thought to be indigenously acquired Orthohepevirus A genotype 3 (HEV G3), which has been linked to pork production and consumption. However, the dominant subgroup circulating in British pigs differs from that which is found in people;...
Mon, 08/05/2019 - 13:00
Abstract Coxiella burnetii is a zoonotic pathogen with a worldwide distribution that is responsible for Q fever in humans. It is a highly infectious bacterium that can be transmitted from cattle to humans through the consumption of unpasteurized milk. We report the molecular identification of C. burnetii in raw cow's milk being sold directly for human consumption in Brazil without official...
Mon, 08/05/2019 - 13:00
Abstract Livestock meat and offal contribute significantly to human nutrition as sources of high‐quality protein and micronutrients. Livestock products are increasingly in demand, particularly in low‐ and middle‐income settings where economies are growing and meat is increasingly seen as an affordable and desirable food item. Demand is also driving intensification of livestock keeping and...
Mon, 08/05/2019 - 13:00
Abstract Salmonella enterica is a common food‐borne pathogen with occasional multidrug resistance (MDR). Salmonella genomic island (SGI1) is a horizontally transmissible genomic island, containing an MDR gene cluster. All Salmonella serotypes are public health concern, although there is an additional concern associated with those that harbour SGI1. In Iran, there are no data on the presence of...
Mon, 08/05/2019 - 13:00
Abstract Poultry farmers faced dual risk when mutant avian influenza (AI) virus showed the zoonotic characteristics. A/H5N1 and A/H7N9 were two dominant AI virus strains that have captured the attention of the public over the years for they have been reported to bring about greater loss to poultry and human, respectively. Previous studies mainly used quantitative methods investigating either the...
Mon, 08/05/2019 - 13:00
Abstract Leptospirosis is a zoonotic bacterial disease reported worldwide. In Uganda, seropositivity has been reported in both humans and domesticated animals, including cattle. However, it remains unknown whether cattle are shedding leptospires and thus acting as potential source for human leptospirosis. We conducted this cross‐sectional study in two cattle abattoirs in Kampala, Uganda between...
Mon, 08/05/2019 - 13:00
Abstract Objectives This study investigates the frequency and characteristics of carbapenemase‐producing Escherichia coli/Klebsiella pneumoniae (CPE/K) and extended‐spectrum cephalosporinase‐producing E. coli/K. pneumoniae (ESCE/K) in healthy humans and livestock in rural Cambodia. Additionally, household practices as risk factors for faecal carriage of ESCE/K are identified. Methods Faecal...
Mon, 08/05/2019 - 12:34
Summary The use of antimicrobials in human and veterinary medicine has coincided with a rise in antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the food‐borne pathogens Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. Faecal contamination from the main reservoir hosts (livestock, especially poultry) is the principal route of human infection but little is known about the spread of AMR among source and sink...
Mon, 08/05/2019 - 12:34
Summary The use of antimicrobials in human and veterinary medicine has coincided with a rise in antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the food‐borne pathogens Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. Faecal contamination from the main reservoir hosts (livestock, especially poultry) is the principal route of human infection but little is known about the spread of AMR among source and sink...
Mon, 08/05/2019 - 10:59
Significance and Impact of the Study: Understanding and combating resistance governed by multidrug efflux transporters is an ongoing research intensive area, affecting treatment of various nosocomial and endemic/epidemic infections. Confronting drug resistance requires that inhibitors debilitating the underlying mechanisms should be included in combination therapy. One such example is the...
Mon, 08/05/2019 - 10:59
Abstract Although norovirus (NoV) is the major cause of gastroenteritis, with the largest number of NoV food poisoning cases in Japan, limited information is available regarding NoV detection in food. This study aimed to detect NoV in food samples during the 2015–2016 suspected foodborne outbreaks in Tokyo; 352 food samples from 64 NoV food poisoning outbreaks were collected. Bacterial culturing...

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