Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Tue, 12/15/2020 - 22:08
The effects of cold plasma on the enzymatic activity, color, bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of avocado pulp with lime extract (PL) and without extract (PW) were studied. The experimental conditions applied varied with regard to time (10, 20, and 30 min) and gas flow (10, 20, and 30 mL). The gas flow combination of 20 mL/20 min applied in PL was efficient for reducing POD and PPO...
Tue, 12/15/2020 - 22:07
Across the globe, strategies to adapt food production to a changing climate as well as to unforeseen events (such as a pandemic) are needed, for example, if farmers miss planting times due to abnormal weather patterns or harvests are lost. Such food security considerations represent reasons for why proso millet deserves a more prominent place at the table. It has one of the shortest growing...
Tue, 12/15/2020 - 22:07
In recent years, starch‐based nanoparticles have attracted great interest due to their small size, good biocompatibility, and environmental friendliness, as well as their potential applications in foods, drug delivery carriers, and biodegradable edible films. Compared with nonstarch polysaccharides, starch can be enzymatically hydrolyzed into glucose in vivo, so it can be used as an enzyme‐...
Tue, 12/15/2020 - 22:07
Innovation in cultivated meat development has been rapidly accelerating in recent years because it holds the potential to help attenuate issues facing production of dietary protein for a growing world population. There are technical obstacles still hindering large‐scale commercialization of cultivated meat, of which many are related to the media that are used to culture the muscle, fat, and...
Tue, 12/15/2020 - 18:01
The Na+-taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP) acts as the major hepatic basolateral uptake system, and plays a key role in balancing bile flow. The anti-tuberculosis drugs rifampin (RFP) can affect bile flow causing liver injury, while tanshinone IIA (TAN IIA) has the effect of protecting liver. This study aimed to investigate the effects of RFP and TAN IIA on the NTCP expression and...
Tue, 12/15/2020 - 16:00
Brucellosis, an important bacterial zoonosis caused by Brucella species, has drawn increasing attention worldwide. As an intracellular pathogen, the ability of Brucella to deal with stress within the host cell is closely related to its virulence. Due to the similarity between the survival pressure on Brucella within host cells and that during the stationary phase, a label-free proteomics approach...
Tue, 12/15/2020 - 16:00
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S). Typhimurium is a primary foodborne pathogen infecting both humans and animals. Salmonella plasmid virulence C (spvC) gene is closely related to S. Typhimurium dissemination in mice, while the mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated. Pyroptosis, a gasdermin-mediated inflammatory cell death, plays a role in host defense against bacterial infection,...
Tue, 12/15/2020 - 16:00
Listeria monocytogenes is an etiologic agent of listeriosis, and has emerged as an important foodborne pathogen worldwide. In this study, the molecular characteristics of 155 L. monocytogenes isolates from seven food groups in Shanghai, the biggest city in China, were identified using whole-genome sequencing (WGS). Most L. monocytogenes isolates (79.3%) were obtained between May and October from...
Tue, 12/15/2020 - 14:04
Botulinum toxin is the highly toxic substance that causes very dangerous neuroparalytic disease called botulism. It is produced by anaerobic and endospore forming bacteria called C. botulinum. In the absence of licensed vaccine against botulism, an immunoproteome-based approach was developed to find immunogenic proteins of C. botulinum type B for development of vaccine against botulism....
Tue, 12/15/2020 - 14:04
The aim of this research was to acquire new strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae exhibiting opposite characteristics of cell wall adsorption: very high adsorption activity toward the ochratoxin A, very low adsorption activity toward the pigmented phenolic compounds contained in musts from black grapes. For this purpose, starting from 313 strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, 12 strains were pre-...
Tue, 12/15/2020 - 00:00
Equinovarus/equinus foot is a pattern most commonly treated with botulinum toxin type A in patients with post-stroke spasticity involving the lower limbs; the gastrocnemius is the muscle most frequently injected. Spastic equinovarus/equinus can present a mixture of conditions, including spasticity, muscle/tendon shortening, muscle weakness and imbalance. In this study, we wanted to determine...
Tue, 12/15/2020 - 00:00
Research on the ability of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) to bind aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) has mostly been focusing on lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. In this study, the AFB1 binding capacities of 20 Enterococcus strains belonging to E. casseliflavus, E. faecalis, E. faecium, E. hirae, E. lactis, and E. mundtii, 24 Pediococcus strains belonging to species P. acidilactici, P. lolii, P. pentosaceus, and P...
Tue, 12/15/2020 - 00:00
Escherichia coli are among the most common foodborne pathogens associated with infections reported from meat sources. This study investigated the virulome, pathogenicity, stress response factors, clonal lineages, and the phylogenomic relationship of E. coli isolated from different meat sources in Ghana using whole-genome sequencing. Isolates were screened from five meat sources (beef, chevon,...
Tue, 12/15/2020 - 00:00
As the causative agent of Glässer’s disease, Glaesserella (Haemophilus) parasuis has led to serious economic losses to the swine industry worldwide. Due to the low cross-protection of vaccines and increasing antimicrobial resistance of G. parasuis, it is important to develop alternative approaches to prevent G. parasuis infection. Defensins are host defense peptides that have...
Tue, 12/15/2020 - 00:00
Bacteriophage endolysins have attracted attention as promising alternatives to antibiotics, and their modular structure facilitates endolysin engineering to develop novel endolysins with enhanced versatility. Here, we constructed hybrid proteins consisting of two different endolysins for simultaneous control of two critical foodborne pathogens, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus. The full-...
Mon, 12/14/2020 - 22:08
Q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by the intracellular bacterium, Coxiella burnetii. Its primary mode of transmission is by inhalation of aerosols originating from infected animals and contaminated environments. The organism has a very low infective dose, can persist in the environment for long periods of time and large outbreaks fuelled by windborne spread have been previously reported....
Mon, 12/14/2020 - 22:05
Cassava cyanogenic, carotenoid and protein content found across seven‐ecogeographic subpopulation has the potential to increase the crop’s nutritional and food safety value through breeding. Summary The objective of this study was to characterise the nutritional potential of leaves and identify a diversity centre with low cyanide and high nutrient content among 178 Latin American cassava...
Mon, 12/14/2020 - 22:05
Worldwide demand for petroleum products has resulted in increased oil and gas activities in many countries. Conventional and unconventional oil and gas extraction, production, and transport lead to increased levels of petroleum‐derived polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the environment. PAH exposure has profound effects on reproduction by affecting pathways involved in placental...
Mon, 12/14/2020 - 16:00
Ozone (O3) is an attractive alternative antimicrobial in the poultry processing industry. The optimal operational conditions of O3 for improving food safety concerns are poorly understood. The main objective of this study was therefore to characterize the microbial killing capacity of aqueous O3 and O3–lactic acid blend (O3–LA) at different operational conditions on chicken drumsticks...
Mon, 12/14/2020 - 16:00
Bacteria face diverse stresses in the environment and, sometimes, respond by forming multi-cellular structures, e.g., biofilms. Here, we report a novel macroscopic and multi-cellular structure formed by Salmonella Typhimurium, which resembles small strings. These string-like structures, ∼1 cm long, are induced under some stress conditions: iron deprivation by 2,2-Bipyridyl or low amounts of...
Mon, 12/14/2020 - 16:00
Vibrio are widely distributed in aquatic environments and strongly associated with eutrophic environments and human health through the consumption of contaminated seafood. However, the response of the Vibrio community to seasonal variation in eutrophic environments is poorly understood. In this study, we used a Vibrio-specific 16S rRNA sequencing approach to reveal the seasonal distribution...
Mon, 12/14/2020 - 06:03
Author(s): María de Jesús Nava-Ramírez, Ana María Salazar, Monserrat Sordo, Carlos López-Coello, Guillermo Téllez-Isaías, Abraham Méndez-Albores, Alma Vázquez-Durán In vitro experiments were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of two new biosorbents (lettuce and field horsetail) in removing aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). Formosa firethorn was used as reference material. The adsorption of AFB1 (190 ng/...
Mon, 12/14/2020 - 06:03
Author(s): Parmanand Prabhakar, Manjusha Lekshmi, Toms C. Joseph, Amjad K. Balange, Binaya Bhusan Nayak, Sanath H. Kumar In this study using 57 finfish samples of marine origin, selective enrichment in Rappaport-Vassiliadis (RV) broth followed by isolation on the Hektoen enteric agar (HEA) yielded 50 (53.2%) of 94 isolates. The results suggest RV-HEA as the most suitable media combination for the...
Mon, 12/14/2020 - 00:00
The evolution of instrumentation in terms of separation and detection allowed a real improvement of the sensitivity and analysis time. However, the analysis of ultra-traces of toxins in complex samples requires often a step of purification and even preconcentration before their chromatographic analysis. Therefore, immunoaffinity sorbents based on specific antibodies thus providing a molecular...
Mon, 12/14/2020 - 00:00
Native egg albumin (NEA) was isolated from hen eggs and hydrolyzed by pepsin to produce hydrolyzed egg albumin (HEA). HEA was chemically characterized and screened for its antibacterial activity against 10 pathogenic bacteria (6 Gram (+) and 4 Gram (−)). The SDS-PAGE pattern of NEA showed molecular weights of hen egg albumin subunits ranging from 30 to 180 kDa. The highest intensive...
Sun, 12/13/2020 - 14:02
Blockchain technology is a distributed ledger technology and is expected to face some difficulties and challenges in various industries due to its transparency, decentralization, tamper-proof nature, and encryption security. Food safety has been paid increasing attention in recent years with economic development. Based on a systematic literature critical analysis, the causes of food safety...
Sun, 12/13/2020 - 06:04
Author(s): Daiqi Shang, Hang Zhao, Xuebin Xu, Kannappan Arunachalam, Jiang Chang, Ling Bai, Chunlei Shi Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is one of the most important serovars among nontyphoidal Salmonella. The inappropriate and over usage of antimicrobials in clinical and animal husbandry has increased the prevalence of antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium)....
Sun, 12/13/2020 - 06:04
Author(s): Godfrey Wokorach, Sofie Landschoot, Juliet Anena, Kris Audenaert, Richard Echodu, Geert Haesaert Mycotoxins are toxic metabolites of fungi that contaminate food and feed. These toxins can cause acute and chronic health threats to both humans and animals. In sub-Saharan Africa, exposure to mycotoxins is chronic and under-reported. The study explores contamination of grains (sorghum,...
Sun, 12/13/2020 - 06:03
Author(s): Paolo Cipriani, Marialetizia Palomba, Lucilla Giulietti, Miguel Bao, Simonetta Mattiucci, Arne Levsen Few reports exist upon the occurrence and localization of zoonotic anisakid nematodes in T. sagittatus, especially in the mantle of the squid. The occurrence and site of infection of larval anisakids in 98 T. sagittatus caught West off St. Kilda, NE Atlantic Ocean, were investigated....
Sun, 12/13/2020 - 06:02
Author(s): Stoycho D. Stoev Carcinogenic effects of ochratoxin A (OTA) on liver, kidneys, intestine, lung and eyes of Wistar rats exposed to 10 ppm or 5 ppm OTA in the diet and additionally supplemented or not with phenylalanine (PHE) were examined during 24-months experimental period. OTA was seen to provoke strong degenerative changes and slight pericapillary oedema in most internal organs, e.g...
Sun, 12/13/2020 - 06:02
LWT
Author(s): Xinyao Wei, Long Chen, Byron D. Chaves, Monica A. Ponder, Jeyamkondan Subbiah This research investigated the effect of temperature and relative humidity (RH)conditions during ethylene oxide (EtO) fumigation for inactivation of Salmonella and Enterococcus faecium NRRL B-2354on wholeblack peppercorns. Black peppercorn samples were inoculated with a five-strain Salmonella cocktail or E....
Sun, 12/13/2020 - 06:02
LWT
Author(s): Sudarsan Mukhopadhyay, Kimberly Sokorai, Dike O. Ukuku, Tony Jin, Xuetong Fan, Ocean M. Olanya, Juncai Leng, Vijay Juneja The microbial safety of fresh produce continues to be a real concern. Novel nonthermal technologies are required to lessen the risk of pathogen contamination. The objective of this research was to develop and evaluate the effects of direct and in-package pulsed...
Sun, 12/13/2020 - 04:01
The study was aimed to investigate the combined effect of acid blanching (AB) and high-voltage electric field cold plasma (HVCP) on carrot juice quality. Before juice extraction, carrots were separated into three parts: control, blanched (100 °C for 5 min) with non-acidified water, and blanched with acidified water (35 g/L citric acid at pH 1.34). Carrot juice was then subjected to dielectric...
Sun, 12/13/2020 - 04:01
Pyruvate is an important platform material widely used in food, pharmaceutical, and chemical industries. Pyruvate-tolerant Klebsiella oxytoca PDL-0 was chosen as a chassis for pyruvate production via metabolic engineering. Genes related to by-product generation were knocked out to decrease the production of 2,3-butantediol, acetate, ethanol, and succinate. The NADH oxidase encoding gene nox was...
Sun, 12/13/2020 - 04:01
Studies on the possible alternative supplements to breastmilk are gaining research interests. Although milk from cow, goat, and mare is nutritious, its effects on the relationship between the immune system, metabolites, and gut microbiota remain unclear. This study aimed to comprehensively evaluate the effects of cow, goat, and mare milk on the immune system, metabolites, and gut microbiota of...
Sun, 12/13/2020 - 04:01
Cysteine is a semiessential amino acid and plays an important role in metabolism and protein structure and has also been applied in various industrial fields, such as pharmaceutical, food, cosmetic, and animal feed industries. Metabolic engineering studies have been conducted for the cysteine production through bacterial fermentation, but studies on the cysteine biosynthetic pathway in...
Sun, 12/13/2020 - 04:01
Azapeptide nitriles are postulated to reversibly covalently react with the active-site cysteine residue of cysteine proteases and form isothiosemicarbazide adducts. We investigated the interaction of azadipeptide nitriles with the cathepsin B1 drug target (SmCB1) from Schistosoma mansoni, a pathogen that causes the global neglected disease schistosomiasis. Azadipeptide nitriles were superior...
Sun, 12/13/2020 - 02:00
On a daily basis, aquatic ecosystem is exposed to heavy metals, drugs, and chemicals; the continuous exposure results in a toxic effect, depending on the dose and duration of exposure. Studies have confirmed tardigrade to be highly tolerant to very high temperature, pressure, gravity, etc. This study aimed at confirming various toxic damages caused by exposure to cadmium solution and the...
Sat, 12/12/2020 - 22:05
Yanghe decoction is a traditional Chinese medicine prescription and has been used for breast cancer treatment for many years. However, the effective ingredients in the decoction have not been identified. The expression of poly (ADP‐ribose) polymerase‐1 is highly related to breast cancer. Using poly (ADP‐ribose) polymerase‐1 as a probe, we expressed the haloalkane dehalogenase‐tagged protein in E...
Sat, 12/12/2020 - 22:05
An LC–MS/MS method coupled with a stable isotope dilution assay was established for the simultaneous detection of 17 mycotoxins and their derivatives (aflatoxins B1, B2, G1, G2, M1, and M2; fumonisins B1 and B2; ochratoxin A; zearalenone; zearalanone; α‐zearalanol; α‐zearalenol; T‐2 toxin; deoxynivalenol; deepoxy‐deoxynivalenol; and sterigmatocystin) in milk and dairy products. The mycotoxins...
Sat, 12/12/2020 - 22:05
Excessive absorbtion of migrating substances from food contact materials can affect human health. Thus it is essential to analyze the migration of contaminant from food contact materials. However, comprehensive analysis has been challenged by low concentration of migrating substances, manifold and complex matrix interference of food contact materials. Therefore, appropriate sample pretreatment...
Sat, 12/12/2020 - 16:00
Environmental biofilms can induce attachment and protection of other microorganisms including pathogens, but can also prevent them from invasion and colonization. This opens the possibility for so-called bioco...
Sat, 12/12/2020 - 08:01
by Octavio Mesa-Varona, Heike Kaspar, Mirjam Grobbel, Bernd-Alois Tenhagen Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global threat in humans and animals, and antimicrobial usage (AMU) has been identified as a main trigger of AMR. The purpose of this work was to compare data on AMR in clinical and non-clinical isolates of Escherichia coli in German broilers and turkeys between 2014 and 2017. Furthermore...
Sat, 12/12/2020 - 08:01
by Cong Li, Yu Liu, Jing Tian, Yanshu Zhu, Jinjuan Fan Sucrose metabolism contributes to the growth and development of plants and helps plants cope with abiotic stresses, including stress from Cd. Many of these processes are not well-defined, including the mechanism underlying the response of sucrose metabolism to Cd stress. In this study, we investigated how sucrose metabolism in maize varieties...
Sat, 12/12/2020 - 08:01
The present study was undertaken to investigate the physicochemical and microbiological qualities of melon seed powder sold in some open Ghanaian markets. Twenty-five samples of powder were collected randomly from each of four major markets and analyzed for moisture, pH, total ash, acid insoluble ash, and free fatty acids (FFA) using standard methods. The microbial population was determined using...
Sat, 12/12/2020 - 08:01
Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoan with worldwide distribution that infects birds and mammals, including humans. The consumption of free-range chicken meat is a common practice in many parts of the world. However, little information is available concerning the molecular prevalence and genotypes of T. gondii infection in free-range chickens intended for human consumption in China. In this study, a...
Sat, 12/12/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): Piyanan Chuesiang, Romanee Sanguandeekul, Ubonrat Siripatrawan A nanoemulsion approach to enhance antimicrobial performance of cinnamon essential oil as a natural preservative for the real food system was studied. The antimicrobial activity of cinnamon essential oil nanoemulsion (1429 and 11429 mg/L), in comparison to bulk cinnamon oil (488 and 11429 mg/L) and food industrial used...
Sat, 12/12/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): Md. Sharifull Islam, Xiangwei Yang, Chad W. Euler, Xueqing Han, Jiahui Liu, Md. Isrfil Hossen, Yang Zhou, Jinquan Li Aeromonas hydrophila is an important pathogenic bacterium that causes foodborne illness worldwide. In this study, virulent phages from the sediment of a fish farm were propagated and isolated on a multidrug-resistant strain of A. hydrophila, ZYAH75. One phage, designated...
Sat, 12/12/2020 - 06:04
Author(s): Chenxiao Lang, Yimin Zhang, Yanwei Mao, Xiaoyin Yang, Xiaoyun Wang, Xin Luo, Pengcheng Dong, Lixian Zhu To investigate the persistence of acid tolerance response (ATR) and the regulatory mechanism during chilled storage, Salmonella ATCC 14028 and the △phoP mutant were acid adapted and then incubated in meat extract at 4 °C for 24 days as simulated beef storage. The bacterial population...
Sat, 12/12/2020 - 06:04
Author(s): E.L. Shebs-Maurine, F.M. Giotto, S.T. Laidler, A.S. de Mello Research has suggested that the incidence of Salmonella in ground beef may be associated with contaminated lymph nodes that are not removed from trimmings destined for grinding. In this study, we tested the application of bacteriophages and peroxyacetic acid solutions on trimmings and on coarse and fine ground beef to...

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