Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:17
ObjectivesTo examine the relevance of co-resistance to amoxicillin and tetracycline as an indicator of multidrug resistance (MDR) in animal health.MethodsEscherichia coli isolates collected between 2012 and 2016 by the French surveillance network for antimicrobial resistance in diseased animals (RESAPATH) were analyzed. The proportions of MDR isolates and the proportions of isolates presenting co...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:17
During infection, bacterial pathogens successfully sense, respond and adapt to a myriad of harsh environments presented by the mammalian host. This exquisite level of adaptation requires a robust modulation of their physiological and metabolic features. Additionally, virulence determinants, which include host invasion, colonization and survival despite the host's immune responses and...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:17
Bactrocera minax (Enderlein) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is an oligophagous insect pest that damages citrus fruit, especially in China. Due to larvae living within a highly septic environment, a wide variety of microorganisms exist in the larval gut of B. minax. However, a systematic study of the intestinal microbiota of this harmful insect pest is still lacking. Here, we comprehensively investigated...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:17
A laboratory-based study testing 9 Listeria innocua strains independently and a cocktail of 11 Listeria monocytogenes strains was carried out. The aim was to identify suitable L. innocua strain(s) to model L. monocytogenes in inactivation experiments. Three separate inactivation procedures and a hurdle combination of the three were employed: thermal inactivation (55°C), UV-C irradiation (245 nm...
Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:17
Detoxification of the highly toxic cadmium element is essential for the survival of living organisms. Pseudomonas putida CadR, a MerR family transcriptional regulator, has been reported to exhibit an ultraspecific response to the cadmium ion. Our crystallographic and spectroscopic studies reveal that the extra cadmium selectivity of CadR is mediated...
Tue, 10/08/2019 - 03:28
by Eric T. Sumrall, Yang Shen, Anja P. Keller, Jeanine Rismondo, Maria Pavlou, Marcel R. Eugster, Samy Boulos, Olivier Disson, Pierre Thouvenot, Samuel Kilcher, Bernd Wollscheid, Didier Cabanes, Marc Lecuit, Angelika Gründling, Martin J. Loessner The intracellular pathogen Listeria monocytogenes is distinguished by its ability to invade and replicate within mammalian cells. Remarkably, of the 15...
Tue, 10/08/2019 - 03:28
The gene designated BAB_RS23470 in the Brucella abortus 2308 genome encodes an ortholog of the cation diffusion facilitator family protein EmfA which has been linked to resistance to Mn toxicity in Rhizobium etli. A B. abortus emfA null mutant derived from strain 2308 displays increased sensitivity to elevated levels of Mn in the growth medium compared to the parent strain, but wild-type...
Tue, 10/08/2019 - 03:27
Author(s): Cecilia Lucero Estrada, Gabriela Isabel Favier, María Esther EscuderoAbstractThis study is aimed at offering an overview of the prevalence of Yersinia enterocolitica and related species in San Luis, Argentina, from samples of diverse origin received in our laboratory between 1984 and 2014, and providing an analysis of the distribution of Yersinia isolates according to their isolation...
Tue, 10/08/2019 - 03:26
Author(s): Alicia Rojas, Gad BanethAbstractSpirocerca lupi is a parasitic and carcinogenic nematode of canids distributed in tropical and subtropical regions around the world. The excretion-secretion proteins (PES) of S. lupi have been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of its infection. We aimed to identify the PES of different stages of S. lupi and search for proteins that would be...
Tue, 10/08/2019 - 03:25
Author(s): Yangtai Liu, Wanxia Sun, Tianmei Sun, Leon G.M. Gorris, Xiang Wang, Baolin Liu, Qingli DongAbstractMeat products are commonly regarded as one of the main sources of human listeriosis caused by Listeria monocytogenes. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of L. monocytogenes in a range of meat products from 24 different Chinese regions by using meta-analysis of...
Tue, 10/08/2019 - 03:25
Author(s): Beatrix Stessl, Kati Szakmary-Brändle, Ulrike Vorberg, Dagmar Schoder, Martin WagnerAbstractDue to a higher probability for violation of hygiene measures, reconstruction work is a substantial food safety challenge for food business operators (FBOs). Here, we monitored a Listeria monocytogenes contamination scenario during a timely enduring reconstruction period that aimed at an...
Tue, 10/08/2019 - 03:22
In this review, we focus on how full‐length chromogranin A and its peptides, including PST, vasostatin‐1, CST, and serpinin, as important modulators of cardiovascular functions, immunometabolism, and cancer. Abstract Chromogranin A (CgA)—the index member of the chromogranin/secretogranin secretory protein family—is ubiquitously distributed in endocrine, neuroendocrine, and immune cells. Elevated...
Tue, 10/08/2019 - 03:22
Free‐range poultry farms have a high risk of introduction of avian influenza viruses (AIV), and it is presumed that wild (water)birds are the source of introduction. There is very scarce quantitative data on wild fauna visiting free‐range poultry farms. We quantified visits of wild fauna to a free‐range area of a layer farm, situated in an AIV hot‐spot area, assessed by video‐camera monitoring. A...
Tue, 10/08/2019 - 03:22
Carbofuran residue in vegetables is a concern to human health. Direct competitive enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assay (dcELISA) and dipstick immunoassay were developed in the present study. The dcELISA showed a 50% inhibition concentration (IC50) and working range of 1.3 and 0.2 to 7.5 ng/mL, respectively, while the cutoff value of dipstick immunoassay was 20 ng/mL. Applying the two immunoassays,...
Tue, 10/08/2019 - 03:22
A multilayer film containing star anise essential oil and thymol coating layers (SAEO and TH, respectively), with insect repellent and antimicrobial properties, has been developed using bar coating and adhesive lamination processes. Our previous study reported the in vitro activities of this polypropylene film (PP)/SAEO/polyethylene terephthalate film (PET)/TH/low‐density polyethylene film (LDPE...
Tue, 10/08/2019 - 03:22
The present work studied, for the first time, the effect of two technologies on the hydration and germination process of beans: ionizing irradiation and ultrasound. In addition, this work proposed a possible biological effect of ultrasound to describe its effect on grain hydration. Carioca beans were irradiated at doses of 2.3 and 3.8 kGy using γ‐rays, establishing different metabolic activities...
Tue, 10/08/2019 - 03:21
The aim of this study was to examine the resistome characteristics of Salmonella spp. Contamination found in raw retail beef, pork, and chicken samples collected in Hanoi, Vietnam. Approximately 28% (25/90) of samples tested carried Salmonella bacteria. A total of 13/25 (52%) of these Salmonella bacteria were resistant to at least one antibiotic and 9/25 (36%) of the isolates were found to be...
Tue, 10/08/2019 - 03:21
The current study investigates the effect of Lactobacillus reuteri and Lactobacillus plantarum combined with water extract of garlic on microbial growth, chemical changes, and sensory attributes in ground beef samples at refrigeration condition (+4°C) up to 12 days of storage. in vitro study revealed that garlic extract combined with L. reuteri or L. plantarum caused 2.13 and 2.57 log reduction...
Tue, 10/08/2019 - 03:21
Molecular imprinted polymers prepared by Pickering emulsion method with lignin as stable particle were used as dispersants in matrix solid phase dispersion, followed by ultra performance liquid chromatography‐tandem mass spectrometry analysis to research the degradation behavior of matrine in soil. The molecular imprinted polymers have regularly morphology and uniformly particles. Moreover, the...
Mon, 10/07/2019 - 03:26
Author(s): Logan Meurer, William Payne, J. Stephen GuffeyAbstractCampylobacter jejuni is a gram negative, microaerophilic bacteria that is the leading cause of food-borne illnesses in the United States, frequently producing severe diarrhea. Campylobacter jejuni has recently demonstrated antibiotic resistance. Alternative methods for treating these infections must be investigated. Visible light...
Sun, 10/06/2019 - 03:26
Author(s): Aleksandra Kowalska, Milena Bieniek, Louise ManningAbstractBackgroundMislabelling and substitution of ingredients in food supplements is a growing concern for regulators, businesses and consumers. Whilst there is a body of literature that has considered food and drink substitution and mislabelling, there is limited published research on the compliance of food supplements with...
Sun, 10/06/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Alexandra Lischka, Chris J. Pook, Jennifer L. Pannell, Heather E. Braid, Sally Gaw, Kathrin S.R. BolstadAbstractThe southern arrow squid, Nototodarus sloanii (Ommastrephidae), is a key species in New Zealand’s pelagic ecosystem and is commercially fished. Specimens in this study were caught along the Chatham Rise—one of New Zealand’s most heavily targeted fisheries areas. Nine...
Sun, 10/06/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Bilel Hassen, Benlabidi Saloua, Mohamed Salah Abbassi, Laura Ruiz-Ripa, Olouwafemi M. Mama, Abdennaceur Hassen, Salah Hammami, Carmen TorresAbstractThe objective of this study was to isolate and characterize ESBL-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) from raw bovine and caprine milk samples, as well as from bovine faeces in Tunisia. Therefore, 120 bovine faecal samples and 9 caprine raw...
Sun, 10/06/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Yinqing Zhang, Kunkun Wang, Yi Yang, Jinliang Xu, Binbin Sun, Lingyan ZhuAbstractSilver nanowires (AgNWs) are widely produced in many electronic and optical products, and could be inevitably discharged into the aquatic environments. Sulfidation is one of the most important transformation processes of AgNWs, and could significantly affect their fate and interactions with other...
Sun, 10/06/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Yakui Chen, Qifa Zhu, Xiangzhou Dong, Weiwei Huang, Chenyu Du, Diannan LuAbstractA novel strain Serratia marcescens HB-4 with high Cadmium adsorption capacity was isolated from heavy metal contaminated soil in Hunan province, China. S. marcescens HB-4 reduced the concentration of Cd present in wastewater to less than 0.1 mg/L when the inlet stream contained no higher than 5.0 mg/L Cd....
Sun, 10/06/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Renan Castelhano Gebara, Jaqueline Pérola Souza, Adrislaine da Silva Mansano, Hugo Sarmento, Maria da Graça Gama MelãoAbstractNanoparticles (NPs) production is increasing worldwide. These products are likely to end up in aquatic environments. However, few studies evaluated the chronic toxicity of iron-based NPs (Fe-NPs) to cladocerans and their potential ecotoxicological hazards. In...
Sun, 10/06/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Belqes Al-Jaal, Sofia Salama, Noof Al-Qasmi, Morana JaganjacAbstractMycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by different fungal spices and are found in diverse agricultural crops worldwide; they pose a severe threat to public health. Mycotoxins can cause either acute or chronic symptoms, depending on the type and dose of mycotoxin one has been exposed to. Thus, a continuous...
Sun, 10/06/2019 - 03:24
LWT
Author(s): Gökhan Kürşad İncili, Pınar Karatepe, Osman İrfan İlhakAbstractThe aim of this study was to determine the single and combined effect of chitosan and Pediococcus acidilactici (B-LC-20) on Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes in meatballs. After spiking the samples with pathogens, meatball mixture was divided into 4 groups as control, chitosan, B-LC...
Sun, 10/06/2019 - 03:24
LWT
Author(s): A.A.M. Pereira, F.S. Prestes, A.C.M. Silva, M.S. NascimentoAbstractThe aim of this study was to evaluate the behavior of Salmonella Typhimurium ATCC 14028 during peanut dry roasting after pre-adaptation to desiccation stress. To cause desiccation stress, blanched peanut kernels (aw 0.43) were inoculated with S. Typhimurium and stored at 28 °C for up to 180 days. Then, the samples were...
Sun, 10/06/2019 - 03:24
LWT
Author(s): Hangjin Zhang, Yanyun Zhao, Chuting Gong, Shunshan JiaoAbstractRadio frequency (RF) heating has been explored as a new pasteurization technology for low-moisture foods (LMFs). This study investigated the impact of RF heating on sublethal injury of Salmonella Typhimurium in red pepper powder with different initial water activity (aw) (0.44, 0.53, 0.63 and 0.70). Red pepper powder...
Sun, 10/06/2019 - 03:23
Author(s): M.O. Ibiwoye, Q. Matthews, K. Travers, J.D. FosterSummaryClinical and experimental studies have demonstrated the neurotoxic and behavioural effects of cadmium. However, the exact pathophysiological mechanism(s) of cadmium neurotoxicity on the human central nervous system (CNS) is not completely understood. A rat blood–brain barrier (BBB) endothelial marker, the endothelial barrier...
Sun, 10/06/2019 - 03:19
Introduction Hypersensitivity to non‐steroidal anti‐inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are of great concern because they are frequently encountered in daily clinical practice. Drug provocation tests (DPT) are particularly needed for NSAIDs. Methods The aim of this retrospective study was to detect eliciting dose thresholds during NSAIDs DPT in order to suggest optimal step doses, using the survival...
Sun, 10/06/2019 - 03:16
Aspergillus carbonarius is a saprobic filamentous fungus, food spoiling fungus and a producer of ochratoxin A (OTA) mycotoxin. In this study, the in vitro antifungal activity of neem oil (0.12% p/p of azadirachtin) was evaluated against the growth of six strains of A. carbonarius and the production of OTA. Four different concentrations of neem oil were tested in addition to three incubation times...
Sun, 10/06/2019 - 03:16
The chronically inflamed mucosa in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) can additionally be infected by bacteria, which results in an acute exacerbation of the disease (AECRS). Currently, AECRS is universally treated with antibiotics following the guidelines for acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABRS), as our understanding of its microbiology is insufficient to establish specific treatment...
Sat, 10/05/2019 - 03:28
by Adrianna R. Tsang, Nagalingam Rajakumar, Mandar S. Jog Parkinson’s disease is associated with hyperactivity of the subthalamic nucleus (STN), contributing to motor and gait disturbances. Although deep brain stimulation of the STN alleviates certain motor dysfunction, its specific effect on gait abnormalities remains controversial. This study investigated the long-term changes in locomotion...
Sat, 10/05/2019 - 03:28
by Karina Orlowska, Sylwia Swigonska, Agnieszka Sadowska, Monika Ruszkowska, Anna Nynca, Tomasz Molcan, Agata Zmijewska, Renata E. Ciereszko 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a toxic man-made chemical compound contaminating the environment and affecting human/animal health and reproduction. Intracellular TCDD action usually involves the activation of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)....
Sat, 10/05/2019 - 03:28
by Katie Williams, Andrew G. Hughson, Bruce Chesebro, Brent Race Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a fatal prion disease that can infect deer, elk and moose. CWD has now been detected in 26 states of the USA, 3 Canadian provinces, South Korea, Norway, Sweden and Finland. CWD continues to spread from endemic areas, and new foci of infections are frequently detected. As increasing numbers of cervids...
Sat, 10/05/2019 - 03:27
Author(s): Gao Xiaolong, Ke Caihuan, Zhang Mo, Li Xian, Wu Fucun, Liu YingAbstractThe effects of a diet containing the probiotic Bacillus amyloliquefaciens on the survival and growth of Haliotis discus hannai were evaluated by measuring growth and hematological parameters and the expression levels of nonspecific immune genes. In addition, the abalone's response to Vibrio parahaemolyticus...
Sat, 10/05/2019 - 03:27
Author(s): Dan-Dan Chen, Ji-Hong Li, Yuan-Yuan Yao, Yong-An ZhangAbstractAeromonas hydrophila is a pathogen that causes high mortality in the grass carp. The complement system, as a frontline defence of innate immunity, plays an important role in the immune response against pathogens. However, the immunity evasion mechanism of A. hydrophila against the complement system of grass carp remains...
Sat, 10/05/2019 - 03:26
Author(s): Suthatta Dontriros, Suched Likitlersuang, Dao JanjaroenAbstractA general approach to managing municipal solid waste is by incineration. Unfortunately, large amounts of municipal-solid-waste-incineration fly ash (MSWI FA) is produced in the process, with their heavy metals content posing further problems to the environment. One fundamental treatment of MSWI FA heavy metals is called...
Sat, 10/05/2019 - 03:25
Author(s): Neeta Jain-Gupta, Steven G. Waldrop, Nancy M. Tenpenny, Sharon G. Witonsky, Stephen M. Boyle, Nammalwar SriranganathanAbstractBrucellosis is one of the most common zoonotic diseases worldwide. Almost 500,000 new human cases occur each year; yet there is no vaccine for human use. Moreover, there is no universal Brucella vaccine that would provide protection against all pathogenic...
Sat, 10/05/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Bingyong Lin, Palanisamy Kannan, Bin Qiu, Zhenyu Lin, Longhua GuoAbstractSimple, rapid, convenient, and economical surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate is developed for on-site evaluation of Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in food matrix using handheld Raman Spectrometer. Self-assembly of gold nanobipyramids (Au NBPs) into the nanoholes of anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) template/pattern...
Sat, 10/05/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Amira M. Hegazy, Rehab M. Abdelfatah, Hamada M. Mahmoud, Mohamed A. ElsayedAbstractCombination of pesticides; acetamiprid, flutolanil and etofenprox are usually used for tomato fruits for protecting them against pest infection. Generally, pesticides, residues could be one of the health hazard sources. Two specific simple sensitive chromatographic methods are developed for simultaneous...
Sat, 10/05/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Rena Tanno, Shunji Kato, Naoki Shimizu, Junya Ito, Shuntaro Sato, Yusuke Ogura, Masayoshi Sakaino, Takashi Sano, Takahiro Eitsuka, Shigefumi Kuwahara, Teruo Miyazawa, Kiyotaka NakagawaAbstractWhen α-tocopherol (α-Toc) exerts its antioxidative effect, a portion of α-Toc is converted to certain oxidation products. Although accumulation of such oxidation products is considered to cause a...
Sat, 10/05/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Xue Wang, Liping Jiang, Limin Shi, Kun Yao, Xiance Sun, Guang Yang, Lijie Jiang, Cong Zhang, Ningning Wang, Hongying Zhang, Yan Wang, Xiaofang LiuAbstractZearalenone (ZEA), one of the mycotoxins widely found in food and feed, can stimulate an inflammatory reaction. In the present study, we demonstrated that ZEA induced the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome even pyroptotic cell death in...

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