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Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

Mon, 02/01/2016 - 17:00
Mateusz Rawski, Bartosz Kierończyk, Jakub Długosz, Sylwester Świątkiewicz, Damian Józefiak Probiotics are widely used in nutrition, and their mode of action is intensively studied in mammals and birds; however, it is almost unknown in reptiles. In the present study, Trachemys scripta scripta and Sternotherus odoratus were used to assess the effects of dietary probiotics on chelonian...
Mon, 02/01/2016 - 14:30
Cryo-electron tomography (cryo-ET) has emerged as a leading technique for three-dimensional visualization of large macromolecular complexes and their conformational changes in their native cellular environment. However, the resolution and potential applications of cryo-ET are fundamentally limited by specimen thickness, preventing high-resolution in situ visualization of macromolecular structures...
Mon, 02/01/2016 - 14:30
The alternative sigma factor H has two functions in Gram-positive bacteria: it regulates sporulation or the development of genetic competence. Listeria monocytogenes is a non-sporulating species in which competence has not yet been detected. Nevertheless, the main competence regulators and a series of orthologous genes that form the competence machinery are present in its genome; some of the...
Mon, 02/01/2016 - 14:30
Feo is the major ferrous iron transport system in prokaryotes. Despite being discovered over 25 years ago and found to be widely distributed among bacteria, Feo is poorly understood, as its structure and mechanism of iron transport have not been determined. The feo operon in V. cholerae is made up of three genes, encoding the FeoA, FeoB, and FeoC proteins, which are all required for Feo system...
Mon, 02/01/2016 - 03:35
Abstract Aimsevaluation of the efficacy of marine LAB, Lactobacillus plantarum AH 78, on growth performance and immune response of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila. Methods and ResultsMarine probiotic, L. plantarum AH 78, was incorporated in Nile tilapia diets at 0.0, 0.5, 1.0 or 2.0% (w/w). The diets were fed to juvenile Nile tilapia for 40 days, after...
Sun, 01/31/2016 - 21:11
10.1080/19440049.2015.1136435Miguel A. Lago
Fri, 01/29/2016 - 17:45
Publication date: July 2016 , Volume 65 Author(s): Huijie Zhang, Juan Sun, Yan Zhang, Meibin Lu, Lijuan Sun, Weixi Li, Xuexu Hu, Bujun Wang Fate of deoxynivalenol (DON) and its derivatives—deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside (D3G), 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-AcDON) and 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-AcDON) during six-month storage of wheat grain and flour was investigated. Wheat grain and...
Fri, 01/29/2016 - 17:45
Publication date: July 2016 , Volume 65 Author(s): Giulia Poma, Govindan Malarvannan, Stefan Voorspoels, Nils Symons, Svetlana V. Malysheva, Joris Van Loco, Adrian Covaci In this work, a new simple method based on a two-step clean-up and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry analysis for the determination of emerging halogenated flame retardants (HFRs), such as dechlorane plus (...
Fri, 01/29/2016 - 17:00
Hattie E. Webb, Marie Bugarel, Henk C. den Bakker, Kendra K. Nightingale, Sophie A. Granier, H. Morgan Scott, Guy H. Loneragan Objective A study was conducted to recover carbapenem-resistant bacteria from the faeces of dairy cattle and identify the underlying genetic mechanisms associated with reduced phenotypic susceptibility to carbapenems. Methods One hundred and fifty-nine faecal samples from...
Fri, 01/29/2016 - 17:00
Carrie E. Schmidt, Smriti Shringi, Thomas E. Besser Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a food-borne bacterium that causes hemorrhagic diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome in humans. While cattle are a known source of E. coli O157:H7 exposure resulting in human infection, environmental reservoirs may also be important sources of infection for both cattle and humans. Bacteriophage-encoded Shiga toxins...
Fri, 01/29/2016 - 17:00
Caner Bağcı, Jens Allmer Background MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short RNA sequences that guide post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression via complementarity to their target mRNAs. Discovered only recently, miRNAs have drawn a lot of attention. Multiple protein complexes interact to first cleave a hairpin from nascent RNA, export it into the cytosol, trim its loop, and incorporate it into the...
Fri, 01/29/2016 - 17:00
Coralie Coudray-Meunier, Audrey Fraisse, Sandra Martin-Latil, Sabine Delannoy, Patrick Fach, Sylvie Perelle Human enteric viruses are recognized as the main causes of food- and waterborne diseases worldwide. Sensitive and quantitative detection of human enteric viruses is typically achieved through quantitative RT-PCR (RT-qPCR). A nanofluidic real-time PCR system was used to develop novel high-...
Fri, 01/29/2016 - 05:37
Publication date: Available online 29 January 2016 Author(s): Fernanda Cattani, Valdir C. Barth, Jéssica S.R. Nasário, Carlos A.S. Ferreira, Sílvia D. Oliveira The Bacillus cereus group includes important spore-forming bacteria that present spoilage capability and may cause foodborne diseases. These microorganisms are traditionally evaluated in food using culturing methods, which...
Fri, 01/29/2016 - 05:37
Publication date: Available online 29 January 2016 Author(s): L.A. Jimenez-Maroto, A. Lopez-Hernandez, D.L. Borneman, S.A. Rankin Anecdotal information suggests that some Hispanic consumers may consider US-made Hispanic cheeses as having a general lack of authenticity compared with those made in their countries of origin. To characterize the potential differences, samples of fresh,...
Fri, 01/29/2016 - 05:37
Publication date: Available online 29 January 2016 Author(s): Zhihong Zhang, Xueying Tao, Nagendra P. Shah, Hua Wei Lactobacillus plantarum ZDY2013 is a potential probiotic isolated from fermented bean acid. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial activity of this organism against Bacillus cereus in milk fermentation, the antiadhesion ability on intestinal...
Fri, 01/29/2016 - 05:01
Publication date: June 2016 Source:LWT - Food Science and Technology, Volume 69 Author(s): Ashish Tyagi, Ashwani Kumar, Ashok Kumar Yadav, Asha Chandola Saklani, Sunita Grover, Virender Kumar Batish Recombinant goat chymosin (RGC), a promising alternate of bovine/calf chymosin, has better catalytic, proteolytic and thermostable characteristics. Limited information exists about its...
Fri, 01/29/2016 - 05:01
Publication date: June 2016 Source:LWT - Food Science and Technology, Volume 69 Author(s): Pei-jun Li, Jin-lan Xia, Zhen-yuan Nie, Yang Shan Orange peel wastes were enzymatically depolymerized into pectic oligosaccharides (POS) by multi-enzyme complexes from Aspergillus japonicus PJ01. The hydrolyzate was fractionated via membrane separation into three fractions: POS1 <1 kDa; 1...
Fri, 01/29/2016 - 04:37
10.1080/19440049.2015.1133934Raquel B. Gómez-Coca
Thu, 01/28/2016 - 17:00
Abstract Shepherd's purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris), native to Europe, is commonly consumed fresh and sometimes inadequately washed before consumption in Korea. The objective of this study was to characterize isolates of spore-forming bacilli (SFB) in samples of fresh Shepherd's purse. Three genera were identified: Bacillus (9 species), Paenibacillus (3 species), and Brevibacillus (1 species)....
Thu, 01/28/2016 - 17:00
Boudewijn Catry, Jeroen Dewulf, Dominiek Maes, Bart Pardon, Benedicte Callens, Mia Vanrobaeys, Geert Opsomer, Aart de Kruif, Freddy Haesebrouck The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between antimicrobial use and the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance in the digestive and respiratory tract in three different production systems of food producing animals. A longitudinal...
Thu, 01/28/2016 - 17:00
Joshua D. Rouch, Andrew Scott, Nan Ye Lei, R. Sergio Solorzano-Vargas, Jiafang Wang, Elaine M. Hanson, Masae Kobayashi, Michael Lewis, Matthias G. Stelzner, James C. Y. Dunn, Lars Eckmann, Martín G. Martín Background & Aims Intestinal microfold (M) cells are specialized epithelial cells that act as gatekeepers of luminal antigens in the intestinal tract. They play a critical role in the...

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