Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Thu, 04/01/2021 - 06:12
Author(s): Kolawole I. Ayeni, Olusegun O. Atanda, Rudolf Krska, Chibundu N. Ezekiel Cereals, legumes and nuts are widely produced and consumed in Nigeria. Despite the availability of these food crops, their safety is often compromised by the presence of mycotoxins. In Nigeria, mixtures of several mycotoxins, including the highly carcinogenic aflatoxins together with fumonisins, ochratoxins and...
Thu, 04/01/2021 - 06:12
Author(s): Paulo Vale, Inês Ribeiro, Susana M. Rodrigues Saxitoxin and its analogues are potent neurotoxins that originate the acute human neurological syndrome of paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) via bivalve vectors. The prechromatographic oxidation method, known commonly as the ‘Lawrence method’, was approved as the official testing method to replace mouse testing in the European Union. For...
Thu, 04/01/2021 - 06:12
Author(s): E. Buscaroli, I. Braschi, C. Cirillo, A. Fargue-Lelièvre, G.C. Modarelli, G. Pennisi, I. Righini, K. Specht, F. Orsini Attention to urban agriculture (UA) has recently grown among practitioners, scientists, and the public, resulting in several initiatives worldwide. Despite the positive perception of modern UA and locally grown, fresh produce, the potential food safety risks connected...
Thu, 04/01/2021 - 06:11
Author(s): Xiaoming Wang, Zhuoren Ling, Naiyan Sun, Yongshi Liu, Jinhu Huang, Liping Wang Among the 10 reported mcr genes, mcr-9 was firstly identified in Salmonella enterica Serotype Typhimurium, which was a leading cause of foodborne illness worldwide. But information about the prevalence and genetic features of mcr-9 is still lacking, especially among food samples. In this study, we found that...
Thu, 04/01/2021 - 06:11
Author(s): Ting Du, Lunjie Huang, Jing Wang, Jing Sun, Wentao Zhang, Jianlong Wang Background Along with the intensification of global food supply, food security has become a fateful barrier throughout the global food trade and delivery. Reliable analytic techniques are in strong need to keep up with the continuous demand for food quality and safety monitoring. Scope and approach In this...
Thu, 04/01/2021 - 06:10
Author(s): Mohammed S. Almuhayawi, Soad K. Al Jaouni, Saad M. Almuhayawi, Samy Selim, Mohamed Abdel-Mawgoud Sprouts have been regarded as a big store for bioactive compounds with a wide range of biological activities. Elevated CO2 (eCO2, 620 μmol mol-1) was employed to enhance the nutritive and health promoting values of sprouts of two species of lemongrass, i.e. Cymbopogon citratus and...
Thu, 04/01/2021 - 06:09
Author(s): Xiaoting Hu, Tao Li, Weihong Xu, Yourong Chai Cadmium (Cd) tolerance mechanisms in plant are mainly divided into two categories: evasion mechanism and tolerance mechanism. However, due to the complexity of the mechanism of Cd absorption and accumulation in crops, there are still disputes and controversies about Cd toxicity to plants and the mechanism of Cd tolerance in plants. The Cd...
Thu, 04/01/2021 - 06:09
Author(s): Xiuwen Qiu, Guixiang Zhou, Huijuan Wang, Xiaoyu Wu The main contributors to antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) profiles during the composting process under the addition of biochar (BC) and peat (PT) were not fully explored. This study investigated the influence of BC and PT amendment on ARGs fate, the bacterial community and heavy metals in sewage sludge compost. Compared to control,...
Thu, 04/01/2021 - 04:02
The current approaches remain insufficient for measuring chicken egg spoilage or present analytical limitations. This study aimed to complement the existing analyses and identify novel markers using liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry-based foodomics strategies. In the discovery set, comparative untargeted metabolomics was utilized to identify marker candidates in microbially...
Thu, 04/01/2021 - 04:02
An increasing number of studies have suggested that PAH contamination in dairy products demands high concern. This study established an efficient determination method for the European Union 15 + 1 PAHs and four PAH derivatives in dairy samples using a QuEChERS method coupled with GC-QqQ-MS. The optimized method obtained a recovery of 63.38–109.17% with a precision of 3.82–15.62%, and the limit of...
Thu, 04/01/2021 - 04:02
Aspergillus fungi are known to produce aflatoxins, among which aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is the most potent carcinogen that is metabolised by cytochrome P450 (CYP450). In the liver, AFB1 is metabolised into exo-8,9-epoxide by the CYP1A2 enzymes. The resulting epoxide can react with guanine to cause DNA damage. Natural inhibitors are being identified. However, the modes of action are poorly understood....
Thu, 04/01/2021 - 04:02
Fusarium head blight (FHB) causes yield loss, quality reduction, and grain mycotoxin accumulations. A novel pydiflumetofen-containing fungicide, Miravis Ace, was recently registered in North America. The main objective of this study was to assess the efficacies of Miravis Ace and the timing of application alongside industry standard triazole fungicides (Prosaro, Caramba, Proline and Folicur) on...
Thu, 04/01/2021 - 04:02
The aim of the study was to determine whether the addition of vegetable biocholine (VB) in laying hens feed minimises the effects of daily intake of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). We allocated Hy-line Brown line laying hens into four groups with four replications/group and four birds/repetition. The treatments were as follows: Afla0Bio0: basal feed without aflatoxin and VB (natural contamination: 0.026 mg...
Thu, 04/01/2021 - 00:00
Tetrodotoxin (TTX) is a potent neurotoxin, considered an emerging toxin in Europe where recently a safety limit of 44 µg TTX kg−1 was recommended by authorities. In this study, three specimens of the large gastropod trumpet shell Charonia lampas bought in a market in south Portugal were analyzed using a neuroblastoma cell (N2a) based assay and by LC-MS/MS. N2a toxicity was observed in the viscera...
Thu, 04/01/2021 - 00:00
The Hbl toxin is a three-component haemolytic complex produced by Bacillus cereus sensu lato strains and implicated as a cause of diarrhoea in B. cereus food poisoning. While the structure of the HblB component of this toxin is known, the structures of the other components are unresolved. Here, we describe the expression of the recombinant HblL1 component and the elucidation of its structure to 1...
Thu, 04/01/2021 - 00:00
Ochratoxin A (OTA) usually contaminates agricultural products such as grapes, oatmeal, coffee and spices. Light was reported as an effective strategy to control spoilage fungi and mycotoxins. This research investigated the effects of light with different wavelengths on the growth and the production of OTA in Aspergillus ochraceus and Aspergillus carbonarius. The results showed that the growth of...
Wed, 03/31/2021 - 22:05
Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, EarlyView. Shiitake mushrooms are one of the most popular and highly consumed mushrooms worldwide both in fresh and dry forms. However, it rapidly starts losing its quality immediately after harvest which necessitates processing and/or proper storage before being distributed. However, the processes used for preserving other mushrooms (e.g.,...
Wed, 03/31/2021 - 16:00
The concurrence of structurally complex petroleum-associated contaminants at relatively high concentrations, with diverse climatic conditions and textural soil characteristics, hinders conventional bioremediation processes. Recalcitrant compounds such as high molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (HMW-PAHs) and heavy alkanes commonly remain after standard soil bioremediation at...
Wed, 03/31/2021 - 14:03
Green nanotechnology has emerged as a sustainable fabrication technology that has offered tremendous frontiers in the field of food science. This review intends to provide a succinct overview of various green nanofabrication technologies including green creation of nanoparticles using biological sources explicitly from plants as natural reducing agents. In addition, the review explores various...
Wed, 03/31/2021 - 14:03
Outbreaks and deaths related to Foodborne Diseases (FBD) occur constantly in the world, as a result of the consumption of contaminated foodstuffs with pathogens such as Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella spp, Clostridium spp. and Campylobacter spp. The purpose of this review is to discuss the main omic techniques applied in foodborne pathogen and to...
Wed, 03/31/2021 - 14:02
Mineral oil hydrocarbons (MOH) in milk powders, particularly in infant formulas, have been and continue to be a major concern to the public worldwide. These contaminants are likely derived from environmental pollution, manufacturing process and packaging materials. In this study, 23 Chinese commercial milk powder products packaged in four types of materials, i.e. metal cans, paper containers,...
Wed, 03/31/2021 - 08:02
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a cosmopolitan foodborne pathogen. The viral agent infects humans through the consumption of contaminated food (uncooked or undercooked). Most cases of infection are asymptomatic and for this reason, this pathology is considered underdiagnosed. Domestic and wild animals are considered natural reservoirs: that is, domestic pig, wild boar, sheep, goat, deer, rabbit, and...
Wed, 03/31/2021 - 06:07
Author(s): Rucha V. Moharir, Sunil Kumar Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) films were selected possessing 50 μm, 75 μm, 90 μm and 100 μm thickness and 0.913 g/cm3 density. Physico-chemical and mechanical properties were analysed for testing inherent strength of the material. It was noted that 90 μm films possess low tensile strength with 14.491 MPa and showed highest value for Young’s Modulus with...
Wed, 03/31/2021 - 04:02
The carbon–silicon switch strategy has become a key technique for structural optimization of drugs to widen the chemical space, increase drug activity against targeted proteins, and generate novel and patentable lead compounds. Flubeneteram, targeting succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), is a promising fungicide candidate recently developed in China. We describe the synthesis of novel SDH inhibitors...
Wed, 03/31/2021 - 02:01
Early 2013, high concentrations of aflatoxin M1 were found in the bulk milk of a few dairy farms in the Netherlands. These high concentrations were caused by aflatoxin B1 contaminated maize from Eastern Europe that was processed into compound feed, which was fed to dairy cows. Since the contamination was discovered in the downstream stages of the supply chain, multiple countries and parties were...
Wed, 03/31/2021 - 02:01
In the period 2009–2018, an annual field survey with commercial arable farms in the Netherlands was held, to collect data on agronomics of wheat fields as well as mycotoxin concentrations of the specific wheat field at harvest. In total, 293 full farm field records over 8 years were obtained. This study aimed to investigate (i) the occurrence of deoxynivalenol (DON) and other mycotoxins, as well...
Wed, 03/31/2021 - 00:00
The development of incurred reference materials containing citrinin (CIT) and their successful application in a method validation study (MVS) in order to harmonize CIT determination in food and food supplements are demonstrated. CIT-contaminated materials made of red yeast rice (RYR), wheat flour, and Ginkgo biloba leaves (GBL), as well as food supplements made of red yeast rice (FS-RYR) and...
Tue, 03/30/2021 - 14:03
This article examines inmates’ nutritional and culinary choices within the Bolivian male prison of San Pedro. The analysis focuses on the daily meal offered by the institution and its complex semantic and symbolic ramifications. I show how the idea of contamination related to prison food is a powerful medium to establish an internal order within this self-governed prison. I look into the...
Tue, 03/30/2021 - 14:02
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) and their corresponding N-oxides (PANOs) are natural protoxins biosynthesised by many plant species and are responsible for occasional fatal intoxication outbreaks due to the consumption of contaminated food. However, only in rare cases has the origin of the contamination been determined. Although their presence has been studied in many matrices, occurrence data on...
Tue, 03/30/2021 - 06:10
Author(s): Aleksandra Nucia, Marta Tomczyńska-Mleko, Sylwia Okoń, Krzysztof Kowalczyk, Konrad Terpiłowski, Salvador Pérez-Huertas, Katsuyoshi Nishinari, Maciej Nastaj, Stanisław Mleko The objective of our research was to investigate how activation of glass surface by air cold plasma influences changes in the surface properties of gluten deposited on such surface. Indirect cold-plasma treatment of...
Tue, 03/30/2021 - 06:09
Author(s): Fernando de Oliveira ANDRIOLA, Gabriela Sperotto CHIEZA, Juliano CAVAGNI, Angelo Luiz FREDDO, Adriana CORSETTI Botulinum toxin is a protease used by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum that causes chemical denervation of skeletal muscles, producing a temporary weakening of muscle activity. Despite having a transitory effect, the application of botulinum toxin has been identified as an...
Tue, 03/30/2021 - 00:00
Proteus mirabilis is a frequent cause of catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). Several virulence factors contribute to its pathogenesis, but swarming motility, biofilm formation, and urease activity are considered the hallmarks. The increased prevalence in antibiotic resistance among uropathogens is alarming and requires searching for new treatment alternatives. With this in mind...
Mon, 03/29/2021 - 22:07
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, Volume 68, Issue 1, Page 2-12, January 2021. In December 2016, low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) caused by an H7N6 subtype was confirmed in a grow‐out turkey farm located in Valparaiso Region, Chile. Depopulation of exposed animals, zoning, animal movement control and active surveillance were implemented to contain the outbreak. Two weeks later, a second...
Mon, 03/29/2021 - 22:07
Zoonoses and Public Health, EarlyView. Salmonella infections are a major human health concern. In the elderly and immunocompromised, infections can be life‐threatening and may require antibiotic therapy. Where antibiotic therapy is required, antimicrobials of choice include fluoroquinolones and extended‐spectrum cephalosporins (ESC). The aim of this study is to utilize data from the Canadian...
Mon, 03/29/2021 - 22:06
Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, Accepted Article. In this study, the optimized conditions for L‐asparaginase treatment on Arabica coffee beans and the impacts of two independent variables (enzyme dosage and treatment time) on five dependent variables (acrylamide, 2‐Acetyl‐3‐Methylpyrazine, 2,3‐Dimethylpyrazine, 2,5‐Dimethylpyrazine and 2‐Methylpyrazine) were investigated by employing...
Mon, 03/29/2021 - 16:00
Dental caries is a chronic oral infectious disease caused by cariogenic biofilm adhered on the tooth surface. Our previous study demonstrated that a repurposed natural compound napabucasin (NAP) showed good antimicrobial activity against oral streptococcal biofilms. The current study designed a novel small molecule, namely LCG-N25, using NAP as a lead compound, and aimed to investigate its...
Mon, 03/29/2021 - 16:00
The CRISPR-Cas cluster is found in many prokaryotic genomes including those of the Enterobacteriaceae family. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) harbors a Type I-E CRISPR-Cas locus composed of cas3, cse1, cse2, cas7, cas5, cas6e, cas1, cas2, and a CRISPR1 array. In this work, it was determined that, in the absence of cas5 or cas2, the amount of the OmpC porin decreased substantially,...
Mon, 03/29/2021 - 16:00
Thermophilic Campylobacter species are among the major etiologies of bacterial enteritis globally. This study aimed at assessing the antimicrobial resistance (AMR) profiles, virulence genes, and genetic diversity of thermophilic Campylobacter species isolated from a layer poultry farm in South Korea. One hundred fifty-three chicken feces were collected from two layer poultry farms in Gangneung,...
Mon, 03/29/2021 - 16:00
Black soldier fly larvae (Hermetia illucens, Diptera: Stratiomyidae) are used for the bioconversion of organic side products into valuable compounds such as proteins, lipids and chitin. However, the economic competitiveness of farmed insects compared to conventional protein production systems in agriculture and aquaculture depends on the availability of large quantities of inexpensive insect feed...
Mon, 03/29/2021 - 16:00
Human lymphocytes exposed to Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa) cytolethal distending toxin (Cdt) undergo cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. In previous studies, we demonstrated that the active Cdt subunit, CdtB, is a potent phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3,4,5-triphosphate phosphatase. Moreover, AaCdt-treated cells exhibit evidence of PI-3-kinase (PI-3K) signaling blockade characterized by...
Mon, 03/29/2021 - 14:03
Ultrasound is an emerging non-thermal and environment-friendly technology with high potential applications for milk and dairy products. However, several bacterial factors still limited industrial adoption. Bacterial morphological aspects in ultrasound efficacy and mechanisms promote the lack of this technology and restrict the improvement of bacterial inactivation. Hence, this review focused on...
Mon, 03/29/2021 - 06:04
Author(s): Chase E. Golden, Michael J. Rothrock, Abhinav Mishra Recently, there has been a consumer push for natural and organic food products. This has caused alternative poultry production, such as organic, pasture, and free-range systems, to grow in popularity. Due to the stricter rearing practices of alternative poultry production systems, different types of levels of microbiological risks...
Mon, 03/29/2021 - 00:00
Despite the crucial role of Polymyxin-B in treating life-threatening gram-negative infections, its clinical utility is limited due to the risk of acute kidney injury. In response, a novel formulation of polymyxin-B is being developed to mitigate drug-induced kidney injury. In this study, we have assessed the toxicity of four variants of that novel formulation (VRP034_F21-F24) in comparison with...
Mon, 03/29/2021 - 00:00
Food safety has attracted attention worldwide, and how to detect various kinds of hazardous substances in an efficient way has always been a focus. Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) are a class of hybrid porous materials formed by organic ligand and metal ions. Nanoscale MOFs (NMOFs) exhibit great potential in serving as fluorescence sensors for food safety due to their superior properties...
Sun, 03/28/2021 - 16:00
Acquisition of IncI1 plasmids by members of the Enterobacteriaceae sometimes leads to transfer of antimicrobial resistance and colicinogeny as well as change of phage type in Salmonella Typhimurium. Isolates of S. Typhimurium from a 2015 outbreak of food poisoning were found to contain an IncI1 plasmid implicated in change of phage type from PT135a to U307 not previously reported. The origin of...
Sun, 03/28/2021 - 14:02
The increasing incidence of food allergy cases is a public health problem of global concern. Producing hypoallergenic foods with high quality, low cost, and eco-friendly is a new trend for the food industry in the coming decades. Food irradiation, a non-thermal food processing technology, is a powerful tool to reduce the allergenicity with the above advantages. This review presents a summary of...
Sun, 03/28/2021 - 06:06
Author(s): Ogouyôm Herbert Iko Afé, Claude Saegerman, Yénoukounmè Euloge Kpoclou, Caroline Douny, Ahmed Igout, Jacques Mahillon, Victor Bienvenu Anihouvi, Djidjoho Joseph Hounhouigan, Marie-Louise Scippo The present study aims to assess the contamination of smoked and smoked-dried fish sampled on Beninese market with biogenic amines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Fifteen PAHs, ten...
Sun, 03/28/2021 - 06:06
Author(s): Ashish Pokharel, Patrick Webb, Johanna Andrews-Trevino, Ashish Lamichhane, Robin Shrestha, Sudikshya Acharya, Dale Davis, Kedar Baral, Jia-Sheng Wang, Kathy Xue, Krishna Paudel, Shibani Ghosh Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) is the hydroxylated metabolite of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) formed in the liver of mammals and subsequently excreted in breastmilk (BM) of mammals. Humans are exposed to AFM1 mainly...
Sun, 03/28/2021 - 06:06
Author(s): Oladipupo Odunayo Olatunde, Khursheed Ahmad Shiekh, Soottawat Benjakul Background Globally, preservation and the ensured microbial safety of seafood have been the major challenges. Several methods have been developed to overcome several obstacles and reach such a goal. Non-thermal technologies, especially cold plasma (CP), have gained augmenting attention as a powerful tool for...
Sun, 03/28/2021 - 06:06
Author(s): Tereza Slámová, Adéla Fraňková, Jan Banout Aim of this work was to in detail investigate the practices of traditionally smoke-cured fish from the Tonle Sap area, Cambodia and monitoring of the concentrations of selected polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The levels of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), sum of 4 PAHs (ƩPAH4) and total PAHs (ƩPAH12) in 57 samples of smoked fish commonly...

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