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Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

Wed, 07/25/2018 - 20:00
AbstractThis study was performed to isolate fowl adenovirus (FAdV) circulating in commercial meat-type chicken in Egypt during 2015 and to identify the pathogenicity of the isolated virus. Cloacal swabs were collected from 9 commercial broiler farms from chickens of 3–5 wk of age in Behira province in Egypt during 2015. FAdV was isolated on chicken embryo liver cells. The virus was identified by...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 20:00
Given the lack of standardization of methodologies for microbial recovery from built environments, we sought to compare the yield of Staphylococcus aureus with a broth enrichment method when incubated in agitated versus static conditions. Five unique strains of S. aureus at five different concentrations were cultured to compare direct plating, agitated broth enrichment, and static broth...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 17:00
Tonya M. Santaus, Shan Li, Paula Ladd, Amanda Harvey, Shannon Cole, O. Colin Stine, Chris D. Geddes Sample preparation is a leading bottleneck in rapid detection of pathogenic bacteria. Here, we use Lyse-It® for bacterial cellular lysis, genomic DNA fragmentation, and protein release and degradation for both Listeria monocytogenes and Vibrio cholerae. The concept of Lyse-It® employs a...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: October 2018 Food and Chemical Toxicology, Volume 120Author(s): Yuri L. Protsenko, Boris A. Katsnelson, Svetlana V. Klinova, Oleg N. Lookin, Alexander A. Balakin, Larisa V. Nikitina, Oksana P. Gerzen, Ilzira A. Minigalieva, Larisa I. Privalova, Vladimir B. Gurvich, Marina P. Sutunkova, Leonid B. KatsnelsonAbstractOutbred male rats were repeatedly injected IP with sub-lethal...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: November 2018Source: LWT, Volume 97Author(s): Min Li, Weizhu Chen, Zhuo Zhang, Zhiwei Zhang, Bangzhu PengAbstractPatulin (PAT) is a toxic metabolite produced by several filamentous fungi common to fruit- and vegetable-based products, which results in a potential food safety hazard. Over the past few years, there have been reports stating that PAT was removed by yeast from some...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: November 2018Source: LWT, Volume 97Author(s): Seyyed Mohammad Ali Noori, Saeid Khanzadi, Ali Fazlara, Hossein Najafzadehvarzi, Mohammad AzizzadehAbstractCommon carp (Cyprinus carpio) samples treated with Carum copticum (0.5% and 1%) and lactic acid were examined for a period of 18 days. Samples were analysed for their total viable count (TVC), psychrotrophic count (PTC), pH,...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: Available online 15 September 2017 Innovative Food Science & Emerging TechnologiesAuthor(s): Hae In Yong, Sang Hui Lee, So Yeon Kim, Sanghoo Park, Jooyoung Park, Wonho Choe, Cheorun JoAbstractWe investigated the applicability of atmospheric pressure plasma (APP) as an alternative to sodium nitrite in pork jerky manufacturing. Pork slices were marinated in brine with no...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: Available online 17 September 2017 Innovative Food Science & Emerging TechnologiesAuthor(s): I. Albertos, A.B. Martin-Diana, P.J. Cullen, B.K. Tiwari, K. Shikha Ojha, P. Bourke, D. RicoAbstractAtmospheric cold plasma is a green and emerging technology, highly interesting to the food industry for its application. Dielectric Barrier Discharges (DBD) can generate atmospheric...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: Available online 10 November 2017 Innovative Food Science & Emerging TechnologiesAuthor(s): Katarina Lukić, Tomislava Vukušić, Marina Tomašević, Natka Ćurko, Leo Gracin, Karin Kovačević GanićAbstractThe cold plasma is an emerging electrotechnology for the improvement of food safety without loss of physicochemical or sensory properties. The purpose of this study was to...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2017 Innovative Food Science & Emerging TechnologiesAuthor(s): Uta Schnabel, Mathias Andrasch, Jörg Stachowiak, Christoph Weit, Thomas Weihe, Christian Schmidt, Peter Muranyi, Oliver Schlüter, Jörg EhlbeckAbstractThe decontamination and sanitation methods currently used are mainly antimicrobial ineffective, generate high costs with a high...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2018 Innovative Food Science & Emerging TechnologiesAuthor(s): I. Falcó, M. Verdeguer, R. Aznar, G. Sánchez, W. RandazzoAbstractChemical sanitizers continue to be widely used by the food industry to disinfect food contact surfaces. However, as some chemical disinfectants have been reported to produce unhealthy by-products, alternative and natural...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: Available online 16 March 2018 Innovative Food Science & Emerging TechnologiesAuthor(s): Susana Delgado, Lucía Guadamuro, Ana Belén Flórez, Lucía Vázquez, Baltasar MayoAbstractAn increase of isoflavone aglycone content in soy foods can be attained through fermentation with food-grade bacteria. In this study, two commercial soy beverages with distinctive chemical composition...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: Available online 21 March 2018 Innovative Food Science & Emerging TechnologiesAuthor(s): Cristina M. González, Raquel Garzón, Cristina M. RosellAbstractDue to a rising demand for proteins, food industry is considering new alternative protein sources that can be used for human food. The aim of this research was to explore the potential use of insects' flour as protein-rich...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: Available online 5 April 2018 Innovative Food Science & Emerging TechnologiesAuthor(s): Maria Sanz-Puig, Adriana Velázquez-Moreira, Clara Torres, Jose Ángel Guerrero-Beltrán, Luis Miguel Cunha, Antonio Martinez, Dolores RodrigoAbstractThe goal of this study was to evaluate the development of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium resistance against Pulsed...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: Available online 19 May 2018 Innovative Food Science & Emerging TechnologiesAuthor(s): C. Smet, M. Baka, L. Steen, I. Fraeye, J.L. Walsh, V.P. Valdramidis, J.F. Van ImpeAbstractMicrobial decontamination by means of cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) offers great potential for treatment of heat-sensitive food products, extending their storage life. CAP is created by applying a...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 01:12
Publication date: Available online 19 May 2018 Innovative Food Science & Emerging TechnologiesAuthor(s): Jose Manuel Silvan, Manuel Alejandro Pinto-Bustillos, Pablo Vásquez-Ponce, Marin Prodanov, Adolfo J. Martinez-RodriguezAbstractPhenolics and secoiridoids from crude olive mill wastewater (OMW) were purified using a preparative hybrid separation process: pressure-driven cross-flow membrane...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 01:11
Available online 24 July 2018 Author(s): Guilherme da Silva Dannenberg, Graciele Daiana Funck, Wladimir Padilha da Silva, Ângela Maria FiorentiniAbstractEssential oils confer protection to plants, and due to their natural origin, there is great interest in their use as antimicrobials. This work aimed to determine the chemical composition, antimicrobial activity and mechanism of action of...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 01:11
Available online 24 July 2018 Author(s): Aihua Zhu, Wei Zhi, Yongfeng Qiu, Lingling Wei, Jun Tian, Zhiming Pan, Xilong Kang, Wenlong Gu, Liqin DuanAbstractSalmonella is considered one of the most important foodborne pathogens and is commonly associated with the consumption of pork and other animal products. Multidrug resistant (MDR) Salmonella strains are highly adaptive and have been responsible...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 01:11
Available online 24 July 2018 Author(s): Nada El Darra, Lucia Gambacorta, Michele SolfrizzoAbstractAflatoxins and ochratoxin A are regulated in Europe for some spices (Capsicum spp., Piper spp., Myristica fragrans, Zingiber officinale, Curcuma longa) and mixtures of spices containing one or more of these spices. No mycotoxin limits are in force for herbs. A total of 132 samples of spices (94) and...
Wed, 07/25/2018 - 00:00
Abstract Vaccine immunization is now one of the most effective ways to control porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection. Impurity is one of the main factors affecting vaccine safety and efficacy. Here we present a novel innovative PRRSV purification approach based on surface display technology. First, a bifunctional protein PA-GRFT (protein anchor-...
Tue, 07/24/2018 - 13:56
The huntingtin N17 domain is a modulator of mutant huntingtin toxicity and is hypophosphorylated in Huntington’s disease (HD). We conducted high-content analysis to find compounds that could restore N17 phosphorylation. One lead compound from this screen was N6-furfuryladenine (N6FFA). N6FFA was protective in HD model neurons, and N6FFA treatment of...
Tue, 07/24/2018 - 01:17
Available online 23 July 2018 Author(s): V. Horigan, M. Arnold, L. Patea, A. AdkinAbstractThe earliest estimate for Great Britain (GB) as a whole to achieve negligible risk (NR) status for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) is 2021. This status allows certain tissues, such as bovine tonsils, to no longer be designated as Specified Risk Materials (SRM). The BSE control model was used to...
Tue, 07/24/2018 - 01:17
Available online 23 July 2018 Author(s): Andrés J. Rascón, Abdelmonaim Azzouz, Evaristo BallesterosAbstractThe presence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in edible oils is usually due to environmental contamination, manufacturing processes or the nature of the oil. Because oils constitute a very large family of foodstuffs that are ubiquitous in human diet, the presence of PAHs in them...
Tue, 07/24/2018 - 01:17
Available online 23 July 2018 Author(s): Tito Damiani, Laura Righetti, Michele Suman, Gianni Galaverna, Chiara Dall’AstaAbstractThe aim of the present work was to evaluate the effect of sample particle size on fumonisins recovery during the extraction step. Four maize samples were ground and the resulted flours were separated in six different fractions according to their particle size (1000-250 ...
Tue, 07/24/2018 - 01:17
Available online 23 July 2018 Author(s): Naveen Kumar Kalagatur, Venkataramana Mudili, Jalarama Reddy Kamasani, Chandranayaka SiddaiahAbstractIn the present study, discrete and combined inhibitory effects of Cananga odorata essential oil (COEO) and irradiation were established on growth and production of deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEA) by Fusarium graminearum in maize kernels. Chemical...
Tue, 07/24/2018 - 01:17
Available online 23 July 2018 Author(s): Xinyu Liao, Yuan Su, Donghong Liu, Shiguo Chen, Yaqin Hu, Xingqian Ye, Jun Wang, Tian DingAbstractIn this paper, plasma-activated water (PAW) ice is proposed for the preservation of fresh shrimps. The changes in microbiological, physical, chemical and protein properties were investigated during storage with conventional tap water (TW) ice and PAW ice....
Mon, 07/23/2018 - 17:00
Soleil E. Worthy, Lillian Haynes, Melissa Chambers, Danika Bethune, Emily Kan, Kevin Chung, Ryan Ota, Charles J. Taylor, Elizabeth E. Glater Food choice is critical for survival because organisms must choose food that is edible and nutritious and avoid pathogenic food. Many organisms, including the nematode C. elegans, use olfaction to detect and distinguish among food sources. C. elegans...
Mon, 07/23/2018 - 11:00
Type III secretion systems (T3SSs) are used by various Gram-negative pathogens to subvert the host defense by a host cell contact-dependent mechanism to secrete and translocate virulence effectors. While the effectors differ between pathogens and determine the pathogenic life style, the overall mechanism of secretion and translocation is conserved. T3SSs are regulated at multiple levels, and some...
Mon, 07/23/2018 - 11:00
The intestinal immune system is crucial for protection from pathogenic infection and maintenance of mucosal homeostasis. We studied the intestinal immune microenvironment in a Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium intestinal infection mouse model. Intestinal lamina propria macrophages are the main effector cells in innate resistance to intracellular microbial pathogens. We found that S....
Mon, 07/23/2018 - 11:00
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) causes diarrheal illness in infants in the developing world and travelers to countries where the disease is endemic, including military personnel. ETEC infection of the host involves colonization of the small intestinal epithelium and toxin secretion, leading to watery diarrhea. There is currently no vaccine licensed to prevent ETEC infection. CFA/I is one...
Mon, 07/23/2018 - 11:00
Salmonella enterica serovars are associated with diarrhea and gastroenteritis and are a helpful model for understanding host-pathogen mechanisms. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium regulates the distribution of O antigen (OAg) and presents a trimodal distribution based on Wzy polymerase and the WzzST (long-chain-length OAg [L-OAg]) and WzzfepE (very-long-chain-length OAg [VL-OAg])...
Mon, 07/23/2018 - 11:00
Brucella abortus is a class III zoonotic bacterial pathogen able to survive and replicate inside host cells, including macrophages. Here we report a multidimensional transposon sequencing analysis to identify genes essential for Brucella abortus growth in rich medium and replication in RAW 264.7 macrophages. The construction of a dense transposon mutant library and mapping of 929,769 unique mini-...
Mon, 07/23/2018 - 11:00
Salmonella enterica infection affects a wide range of animals and humans, and a small number of serovars cause typhoid-like infections, one characteristic of which is persistent infection in convalescents. Avian-specific S. enterica serovar Pullorum produces systemic disease in young chickens, which is followed by a carrier state in convalescent birds, leading to infection of the ovary at sexual...
Mon, 07/23/2018 - 11:00
Shigella flexneri disseminates within the colonic mucosa by displaying actin-based motility in the cytosol of epithelial cells. Motile bacteria form membrane protrusions that project into adjacent cells and resolve into double-membrane vacuoles (DMVs) from which the bacteria escape, thereby achieving cell-to-cell spread. During dissemination, S. flexneri is targeted by LC3-dependent autophagy, a...
Mon, 07/23/2018 - 11:00
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is one of approximately 2,500 distinct serovars of the genus Salmonella but is exceptional in its wide distribution in the environment, livestock, and wild animals. S. Typhimurium causes a large proportion of nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) infections, accounting for a quarter of infections, second only to S. enterica serovar Enteritidis in incidence. S....
Sun, 07/22/2018 - 01:13
Publication date: November 2018Source: LWT, Volume 97Author(s): Vanessa Mendonça Soares, Cibeli Viana, Juliano Gonçalves Pereira, Maria Teresa Destro, Luís Augusto Nero, Luciano dos Santos Bersot, José Paes de Almeida Nogueira PintoAbstractThe objective was to evaluate whether the absence of a water spray affects the microbial contamination on chicken conveyor belts in slaughterhouse. A total of...
Sat, 07/21/2018 - 01:11
Available online 20 July 2018 Author(s): Denise Pezzuoli, Marco Cozzolino, Chiara Montali, Lorenzo Brancaleon, Paolo Bianchini, Marta Zantedeschi, Silvia Bonardi, Cristiano Viappiani, Stefania AbbruzzettiAbstractThe naturally occurring photosensitizer hypericin can be effectively delivered to bacterial cells using serum albumins as biocompatible carriers. Using a combination of spectroscopic...
Sat, 07/21/2018 - 01:11
Available online 20 July 2018 Author(s): Stefani Machado Lopes, Ana Carolina Fösch Batista, Eduardo César TondoAbstractSoft-cooked eggs have been cooked and served worldwide, however concerns frequently raise about the safety of these preparations, assuming the possibility of eggs be contaminated by Salmonella. Temperature-controlled water circulators at low temperature (62 °C – 65 °C) for long...
Fri, 07/20/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTNecrotic enteritis (NE) caused by Clostridium perfringens has emerged as an important disease associated with major economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. The ban and voluntary withdraw of antimicrobial growth promoters used to control NE have resulted in resurgence of NE. Moreover, consumer demand for antibiotic free poultry product has continued to grow. The presence of the...
Fri, 07/20/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTThe avian adeno-associated virus (AAAV) has been proved to be an efficient gene transfer vector for human gene therapy and vaccine research. In this experiment, an AAAV-based vaccine was evaluated for the development of a vaccine against duck hepatitis a virus type 1 (DHAV-1). The major capsid VP1 gene was amplified and subcloned into pFBGFP containing the inverted terminal repeats of...
Fri, 07/20/2018 - 20:00
ABSTRACTGamma-linolenic acid (GLA) is a fatty acid from the ω-6 family. It is able to deliver a wide range of health benefits arising from its anti-inflammatory effects. An insufficient supply of GLA from agricultural and animal sources resulted in the development of a fermentation technique using lower filamentous fungi, which have the ability to accumulate high concentrations of GLA and beta-...

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