Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Tue, 11/24/2020 - 06:19
Author(s): Sitian Zhang, Weijuan Huang, Ehsan Feizollahi, M.S. Roopesh, Lingyun Chen Pea protein as an alternative of soy protein has attracted growing interest in food industries. However, high temperature (> 95 °C) is required to enable heat-induced gelation and the formed gels are relatively weak. This research aimed to study the efficacy of atmospheric cold plasma (ACP) as a novel non-...
Tue, 11/24/2020 - 06:14
Author(s): Ellairaja Sundaram, Abhijit Manna, Karthika Lakshmi Servarayan, Vairathevar Sivasamy Vasantha Current study is focusing mainly on the development of simple, novel, and cost-effective optical sensor to detect and quantify Bisphenol A (BPA) contamination. We designed a very selective and sensitive colorimetric sensor using synthesized 3', 6'- bis(diethylamino) -2- ((3,4,5 trimethyl...
Tue, 11/24/2020 - 02:01
Polyaniline-modified magnetic halloysite nanotube composites (MHNTs@PANI) were evaluated for the first time as an efficient adsorbent for the magnetic micro-solid-phase extraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from beer samples prior to gas chromatography-mass spectrometric detection. MHNTs@PANI were prepared from naturally available material halloysite by coating magnetic HNTs with...
Tue, 11/24/2020 - 02:01
The combination of ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (ToF-MS) is one of the most powerful analytical tools in terms of selectivity, sensitivity and speed. However, due to the gap on regulation and guidelines concerning the validation criteria for the use of ToF-MS methodology not only for screening but also for confirmatory and...
Tue, 11/24/2020 - 00:00
The ability of bacterial pathogens to form biofilms is an important virulence mechanism in relation to their pathogenesis and transmission. Biofilms play a crucial role in survival in unfavorable environmental conditions, acting as reservoirs of microbial contamination and antibiotic resistance. For intestinal pathogen Campylobacter jejuni, biofilms are considered to be a contributing factor in...
Tue, 11/24/2020 - 00:00
Uncontrolled use of drugs both in humans and animals coupled with environmental contamination exacerbate the development and spread of antimicrobial resistance. This paper assessed the drivers of antimicrobial use and resistance in poultry and domestic pig farming and the environment. Questionnaires, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions (FGDs) were used to collect information...
Tue, 11/24/2020 - 00:00
China is one of the largest producers of pigs and pork in the world. However, large-scale studies on pig-associated Staphylococcus aureus in relation to healthy pigs, diseased pigs and environment are scarce. The objective of the present study was to characterize and compare S. aureus isolates from healthy pigs, diseased pigs and environment through antimicrobial susceptibility testing, multiple...
Mon, 11/23/2020 - 22:10
Campylobacter is a leading cause of foodborne illness in humans worldwide. Sources of infection are often difficult to identify, and are, generally, poorly understood. Recent work suggests that wildlife may represent a source of Campylobacter for human infections. Using a repeated cross‐sectional study design, raccoons were trapped on five swine farms and five conservation areas in southern...
Mon, 11/23/2020 - 22:10
The role of wildlife in the epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance is unclear. Raccoons in North America can carry a variety of enteric bacteria, with associated antimicrobial resistance, that could infect humans and livestock. The potential for raccoons to carry these bacteria in Europe, where they are an invasive species, has not been explored. Our objectives were to determine the prevalence...
Mon, 11/23/2020 - 22:10
This study evaluated the effects of sialic acid (SA) combined with Lactobacillus on the adhesion of S. aureus by three ways: competition, exclusion and displacement. It was found that 260 μg/ml SA combined with L. plantarum had the higher inhibition effect in the competition assays. As shown in the figure, compared with the control group (Figure A), after adding 260 μg/ml SA and L. plantarum Z‐4...
Mon, 11/23/2020 - 22:09
Nonthermal plasma (NTP) is an advanced technology that has gained extensive attention because of its capacity for decontaminating food from both biological and chemical sources. Plasma‐activated water (PAW), a product of NTP's reaction with water containing a rich diversity of highly reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS), is now being considered as the primary reactive...
Mon, 11/23/2020 - 22:06
BACKGROUND In maritime growing environments, blueberry yield often exhibits excessive season‐to‐season variation, associated with poorly adapted photosynthetic responses to low light conditions.1 It is therefore necessary to develop methods that stabilise yield whilst maintaining or improving fruit quality. Here, we placed reflective mulch alongside plants at the early green fruit stage, to test...
Mon, 11/23/2020 - 22:06
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Nitrogen fertilization can increase sorghum yield and quality and the hydrocyanic acid (HCN) accumulation in plants, increasing the risk of animal toxicity, particularly under drought conditions. In this study, plants of three sorghum genotypes (sweet sorghum, sudangrass and hybrid sorghum) were supplemented with nitrogen (0, 60, 90, and 120 kg N ha‐1) under well‐watered and...
Mon, 11/23/2020 - 16:00
Glucose oxidase (GOx) with high enzyme activity at low temperature (4°C) is potentially useful for food preservation, especially for aquatic products preservation. A cold-active GOx with approximately 83% similarity to known protein sequences, was isolated from Penicillium sp. MX3343 and expressed in Pichia pastoris X33. Through high cell density fermentation, the yield of recombinant enzyme (...
Mon, 11/23/2020 - 16:00
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) play pivotal roles in protecting against microbial infection in fish. However, AMPs from topmouth culter (Erythroculter ilishaeformis) are rarely known. In our study, we isolated an AMP from the head kidney of topmouth culter, which belonged to liver-expressed antimicrobial peptide 2 (LEAP-2) family. Topmouth culter LEAP-2 showed inhibitory effects on aquatic...
Mon, 11/23/2020 - 16:00
Rapid detection of live pathogens is of paramount importance to ensure food safety. At present, nucleic acid-based polymerase chain reaction and antibody-based lateral flow assays are the primary methods of choice for rapid detection, but these are prone to interference from inhibitors, and resident microbes. Moreover, the positive results may neither assure virulence potential nor viability of...
Mon, 11/23/2020 - 16:00
Significant economic, environmental, and social impacts are associated with the avoidable disposal of foods worldwide. Mass-rearing of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae using organic wastes and food- and agro-industry side products is promising for recycling resources within the food system. One current challenge of this approach is ensuring a reliable and high conversion performance...
Mon, 11/23/2020 - 16:00
Enhancing extracellular metabolic byproducts of probiotics is one of the promising strategies to improve overall host health as well as to control enteric infections caused by various foodborne pathogens. However, the underlying mechanism of action of those metabolites and their effective concentrations are yet to be established. In this study, we determined the antibacterial potential of the...
Mon, 11/23/2020 - 16:00
Central nervous system (CNS) infections continue to be associated with significant neurological morbidity and mortality despite various existing therapies. Adjunctive steroid therapy has been employed clinically to reduce inflammation in the treatment of CNS infections across various causative pathogens. Steroid therapy can potentially improve clinical outcomes including reducing mortality rates...
Mon, 11/23/2020 - 14:03
The purpose of this nationally-representative cross-sectional study was to investigate the association of fruit and vegetable consumption and food safety and health risk attitudes with happiness among Thai people. The study employed a multi-stage sampling design. A total of 6,955 Thai residents age 15 years or older from four geographic regions and Bangkok in Thailand participated in the study....
Mon, 11/23/2020 - 14:03
Avian influenza (AI) is one of the most important viral diseases in poultry, wildlife and humans. Available data indicate that pigeons play a minimum role in the epidemiology of AI. However, a degree of variation exists in the susceptibility of pigeons to highly pathogenic AI viruses (HPAIVs), especially since the emergence of the goose/Guangdong H5 lineage. Here, the pathogenesis of H5N8 HPAIV...
Mon, 11/23/2020 - 08:01
Deficiency of selenium (Se) will lead to malnutrition and decreased immune function of the body. There is a common phenomenon of Se deficiency in foods. In this study, different concentrations of sodium selenite (Na2SeO3) were applied to Moringa oleifera grownin soil. The purpose was to explore the feasibility of Se biofortification of M. oleifera root. The effect of exogenous Se on the...
Mon, 11/23/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Shan Wang, Qi Li, Suzhen Huang, Wei Zhao, Zheng Zheng Recently, the pollution of microplastics (MPs) in the global freshwater environment has become increasingly problematic, but there are few studies on the freshwater environment risks of MPs. The present study, therefore, has investigated the single and combined effects of MPs and lead (Pb) on the freshwater algal Microcystis...
Mon, 11/23/2020 - 02:01
Cadmium (Cd) is a harmful element to human health and biodiversity. The removal of Cd from groundwater is of great significance to maintain the environmental sustainability and biodiversity. In this work, a novel low-temperature roasting associated with alkali was applied to synthesize an eco-friendly adsorbent using coal fly ash. Scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared...
Mon, 11/23/2020 - 00:00
Ochratoxin-A (OTA) is a carcinogenic and nephrotoxic mycotoxin, which may cause health problems in humans and animals, and it is a contaminant in foods and feeds. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the effect of oral OTA exposure on the antioxidant defense and lipid peroxidation in the kidney. In vivo administration of OTA in CD1, male mice (1 or 10 mg/kg body weight in a single oral...
Sun, 11/22/2020 - 22:09
Fish oil was extracted from Euthynnus affinis whole fish captured from Red Sea, Egypt using conventional wet rendering method. Ecofriendly chitosan in a non‐centrifuged sequential purification (C/O‐NCSP) technique was employed to purify the resulting crude oil. Three different chitosan/oil ratios were investigated (2, 3 and 5% w/v) and the results revealed that chitosan/oil ratio; 5% w/v was the...
Sun, 11/22/2020 - 22:09
Various fruits are involved in food models, including fresh‐cut fruit, fruit salad, and juices. Toxigenic fungi in horticulture have attracted interest in order to the food safety requirements and their illnesses relation. This study aimed to apply grape by‐products (Gbps) that contain bioactive compounds to reduce mycotoxin and limit toxigenic fungal‐activity in fresh‐cut fruit and juice. The...
Sun, 11/22/2020 - 22:06
The study aimed to investigate the utilization of prebiotic D‐tagatose by probiotic lactobacilli (L. rhamnosus GG, L. casei, L. acidophilus and L. fermentum) and enteric pathogens (E. coli and S. typhimurium) to determine synbiotic potential of D‐tagatose and lactobacilli combination. The antimicrobial efficacy of the synbiotic preparations (D‐tagatose with lactobacillus) was assessed against...
Sun, 11/22/2020 - 22:06
The past decade has seen nanotechnology progressively being adopted by the food industry. Its wide application in food packaging has redefined conservative food packaging with active and intelligent packaging. Nanomaterials do not only influence food quality and safety but also offer health related benefits. Selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) have been preferred in recent years because of their high...
Sun, 11/22/2020 - 22:06
Development of novel snack foods is an important area of research and different ingredients are being tested to develop and process new formulations. In this study, lupin chips prepared using different formulations (hulled lupin, whole lupin, wheat and corn flours) were cooked using baking and frying and changes in the sensory and colour parameters, acrylamide contents, fat absorption, peroxide...
Sun, 11/22/2020 - 22:06
This work aimed to prepare a controlled release antibacterial food packaging film by solvent volatilization using chitosan (CS) and acidified modified montmorillonite (MMt) loaded with CIN (acid‐MMt‐CIN). MMt was successfully acidified and CIN was successfully loaded into acid‐MMt, which had been confirmed by X‐ray diffraction. The coordination of acid‐MMt‐CIN significantly increased the barrier...
Sun, 11/22/2020 - 22:06
BACKGROUND Ginkgo biloba seeds are used as a functional food across Asia. However, the presence of toxic compounds has dwindled its application. In this study, freeze‐drying, infrared drying, hot‐air drying and pulsed‐vacuum drying were used to dry GBS. A comprehensive analysis was performed on their product quality, antioxidant activities, bioactive and toxic components. RESULTS Results showed...
Sun, 11/22/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): Anne Thébault, Anne-Marie Roque-Afonso, Pauline Kooh, Vasco Cadavez, Ursula Gonzales-Barron, Nicole Pavio Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is responsible for common acute viral hepatitis worldwide. Improvement in sanitation and use of efficient vaccines have reduced HAV incidence in developed countries. However, naive adult population are most susceptible to severe outcomes, and high endemic...
Sun, 11/22/2020 - 06:09
Author(s): Yongpeng Guo, Lihong Zhao, Qiugang Ma, Cheng Ji Aflatoxins are toxic secondary metabolites mainly produced by Aspergillus fungi, posing high carcinogenic potency in humans and animals. Dietary exposure to aflatoxins is a global problem in both developed and developing countries especially where there is poor regulation of their levels in food and feed. Thus, academics have been...
Sun, 11/22/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Lirui Hou, Shuo Liu, Chong Zhao, Lihong Fan, Hongbo Hu, Shutao Yin T-2 toxin is a common fungal toxin, which is not only widely found in wheat, barley, corn, and other food crops and their related products, but also in various animal feeds. Acrylamide (ACR) is mainly formed by the free amino acid, asparagine and reducing sugars, such as glucose and fructose, and is commonly found in...
Sat, 11/21/2020 - 22:07
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes play a key role in immune response in vertebrates. In this study, an MHC I alpha homolog gene (PfMHC Ⅰα) from pufferfish (Takifugu obscurus) was identified and its subcellular localization and expression patterns of PfMHC Ⅰα after challenge in vivo and in vitro were analysed. The open reading frame of PfMHC Ⅰα was 1,089 bp in length, encoding 362...
Sat, 11/21/2020 - 16:00
Manure application and sewage irrigation release many intestinal pathogens into the soil. After being introduced into the soil matrix, pathogens are commonly found to attach to soil minerals. Although the surv...
Sat, 11/21/2020 - 14:03
Aflatoxins are carcinogenic mycotoxins that contaminate a variety of crops worldwide. Acute exposure can cause liver failure, and chronic exposure can lead to stunting in children and liver cancer in adults. We estimated aflatoxin exposure across Uganda by measuring a serum biomarker of aflatoxin exposure in a subsample from the 2011 Uganda AIDS Indicator Survey, a nationally representative...
Sat, 11/21/2020 - 08:01
The frequent outbreaks of foodborne pathogens have stimulated the demand of biosensors capable of rapid and multiplex detection of contaminated food. In this study, surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi) was used in simultaneous label-free detection of multiple foodborne pathogens, mainly Salmonella spp. and Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC), in commercial chicken carcass rinse. The...
Sat, 11/21/2020 - 06:13
Author(s): Katharina Vejdovszky, Daniela Mihats, Antonia Griesbacher, Josef Wolf, Johann Steinwider, Johannes Lueckl, Bernhard Jank, Ian Kopacka, Elke Rauscher-Gabernig Through our daily diet, we are exposed to a variety of food contaminants. Yet, assessing the cumulative health risk of chemical mixtures remains a challenge. Using a recently developed method, the modified Reference Point Index (...
Sat, 11/21/2020 - 06:12
Author(s): Guadalupe Di Cola, Anabella C. Fantilli, María Belén Pisano, Viviana E. Ré Foodborne viruses have been recognized as a growing concern to the food industry and a serious public health problem. Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is responsible for the majority of viral outbreaks of food origin worldwide, while hepatitis E virus (HEV) has also been gaining prominence as a foodborne viral agent in...
Sat, 11/21/2020 - 06:12
Author(s): Maria João Cardoso, Vânia Ferreira, Mónica Truninger, Rui Maia, Paula Teixeira Contaminated poultry is the major vehicle for consumer's exposure to Campylobacter. This study aimed to perceive potential cross-contamination events during preparation of raw poultry that can contribute to the spread of Campylobacter spp. in domestic kitchen environments and to understand consumers'...
Sat, 11/21/2020 - 06:12
Author(s): Mohammed A. Rohaim, Rania F. El Naggar, Yehia Madbouly, Mohammed A. AbdelSabour, Kawkab A. Ahmed, Muhammad Munir Despite the recent advances in avian influenza virus surveillance and genomic data, fundamental questions concerning the ecology and evolution of these viruses remain elusive. In Egypt, the H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) are co-circulating...
Sat, 11/21/2020 - 06:11
LWT
Author(s): Ruttipron Pothimon, Uraiwan Podjanee, Warawut Krusong, Anthony Keith Thompson, Salvatore Massa Fresh-cut jackfruit, purchased from markets in urban areas of Bangkok, were examined for bacterial contamination. Pantoea agglomerans was the predominant contaminant bacterium occurring in 90% of the 30 samples tested; many with high loads. Inhibition of surface contamination of P....
Sat, 11/21/2020 - 04:01
Plant cell cultures can be used to identify the metabolic degradation of pesticides in crops. Therefore, Brassica napus L., Glycine max (L.) Merr., Zea mays L. and Triticum aestivum L. were used to elucidate the metabolic degradation of the following pesticides: tebuconazole, flurtamone, fenhexamid, and metalaxyl-M. Callus cultures were treated with 10 μM of the named pesticides by passive...
Sat, 11/21/2020 - 02:02
In the present study, a total of 112 raw milk samples were collected between October and December of 2018 from dairy farming households in Malawi and analyzed for aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) using VICAM aflatest fluorometry procedure. These data together with the consumption data obtained through a milk consumption frequency questionnaire were used for the calculation of AFM1 exposure and its association...
Sat, 11/21/2020 - 00:00
Biological toxins are a heterogeneous group of high molecular as well as low molecular weight toxins produced by living organisms. Due to their physical and logistical properties, biological toxins are very attractive to terrorists for use in acts of bioterrorism. Therefore, among the group of biological toxins, several are categorized as security relevant, e.g., botulinum neurotoxins,...
Sat, 11/21/2020 - 00:00
Antibiotic resistance is an important issue affecting humans and livestock. Antimicrobial peptides are promising alternatives to antibiotics. In this study, the antimicrobial peptide Css54, isolated from the venom of C. suffuses, was found to exhibit antimicrobial activity against bacteria such as Listeria monocytogenes, Streptococcus suis, Campylobacter jejuni, and Salmonella typhimurium that...
Fri, 11/20/2020 - 22:10
In this work, levels of cyromazine and its metabolite melamine in chicken products and its transfer factors (TFs) and dietary risks assessment for Chinese consumers are presented. Cyromazine was added to chicken feed at doses of 5, 25, and 50 mg/kg for 42 days. Cyromazine residues were found in frequently consumed chicken products (meat, heart, liver, gizzard, and eggs), with liver and eggs...
Fri, 11/20/2020 - 22:09
The scattering experiment is shown in Figure 1. The aptamer of Listeria monocytogenes is fixed on the bare electrode surface and its complementary DNA sequence (DNA1) labeled with bipyridyl ruthenium is self‐assembled to the electrode surface through base complementary pairing, which keeps the strongest electrochemical luminescence signal. Subsequently, the addition of the ferrocene‐labeled DNA...

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