Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Sun, 03/28/2021 - 06:05
Author(s): Benjamin Duqué, Sandrine Rezé, Albert Rossero, Jeanne-Marie Membré, Sandrine Guillou, Nabila Haddad Broiler meat is considered as the most important source of the foodborne pathogen Campylobacter jejuni. Exposure to stress conditions encountered during the slaughtering process may induce bacterial adaptation mechanisms, and enhance or decrease pathogen resistance to subsequent stress....
Sun, 03/28/2021 - 06:05
Author(s): Anthony J. Silva, Zhihui Yang, Julia Wolfe, Kirsten A. Hirneisen, Shannon B. Ruelle, Angelica Torres, Donna Williams-Hill, Michael Kulka, Rosalee S. Hellberg Noroviruses are the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis and foodborne illness in the United States. Traditional Sanger sequencing of short genomic regions (∼300–600 bp) is the primary method for differentiation of this pathogen...
Sun, 03/28/2021 - 06:05
Author(s): Stefan Riedel, Justin Halls, Sanjucta Dutta, Nikhil Toraskar, Jamie Lemon, Kendra Carter, Will Sinclair, Bert K. Lopansri, Amanda M. Styer, Donna M. Wolk, G. Terrance Walker Urinary tract infections are leading causes of hospital admissions. Accurate and timely diagnosis is important due to increasing morbidity and mortality from antimicrobial resistance. We evaluated a polymerase...
Sun, 03/28/2021 - 06:05
Author(s): Leonardo Francisco Rafael Lemes, César Ricardo Teixeira Tarley This study describes the development of a new analytical method for cadmium determination in flaxseed flour based on ultrasound-assisted extraction combined with supramolecular preconcentration followed by thermospray flame furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Cadmium from flaxseed flour was extracted by ultrasound-...
Sun, 03/28/2021 - 06:05
Author(s): Awa Sanou, Lenis Saweda O. Liverpool-Tasie, Vincenzina Caputo, John Kerr Food contaminated with aflatoxins is one of the more prominent food safety issues facing developing countries. These toxins impose an immense burden on countries that have to deal with the repercussions of the contamination. Repercussions include increased public health concerns, increased health care expenditures...
Sun, 03/28/2021 - 06:05
Author(s): Zhuang Hong, Wang Minghua, Nan Bo, Yang Chaoyue, Yan Haiyang, Ye Haiqing, Xi Chunyu, Zhang Yan, Yuan Yuan Acrylamide (AA) is a common endogenous contaminant in food, with a complex toxicity mechanism. The study on liver damage to experimental animals caused by AA has aroused a great attention. Rosmarinic acid (RosA) as a natural antioxidant shows excellent protective effects against AA...
Sun, 03/28/2021 - 06:05
Author(s): Guangzhe Yang, Shan Fu, Jingjing Huang, Longying Li, Yan Long, Qiuxing Wei, Zhigang Wang, Zhiwei Chen, Jixing Xia Cadmium (Cd) is a highly toxic element to living organisms, and its accumulation in the edible portions of crops poses a potential threat for human health. The molecular mechanisms underlying Cd detoxification and accumulation are not fully understood in plants. In this...
Sun, 03/28/2021 - 06:04
Author(s): Trond Møretrø, Christophe Nguyen-The, Pierrine Didier, Isabelle Maître, Tekla Izsó, Gyula Kasza, Silje E. Skuland, Maria João Cardoso, Vania B. Ferreira, Paula Teixeira, Daniela Borda, Loredana Dumitrascu, Corina Neagu, Anca Ioana Nicolau, Eduard Anfruns-Estrada, Mike Foden, Phil Voysey, Solveig Langsrud About 40% of foodborne infections are acquired in the home. The aim of the present...
Sun, 03/28/2021 - 06:04
Author(s): Gabriella Centorotola, Anna Franca Sperandii, Patrizia Tucci, Nicola D’Alterio, Lucilla Ricci, Elisa Goffredo, Maria Emanuela Mancini, Luigi Iannetti, Romolo Salini, Giacomo Migliorati, Francesco Pomilio, Andrea Valiani, Roberta Ortenzi, Luigi Lanni Pecorino is a typical Italian cheese, mostly produced in central and southern Italy regions using ewe raw milk and following traditional...
Sun, 03/28/2021 - 06:04
Author(s): Jing Ge, Li-Li Liu, Zheng-Guo Cui, Milton Talukder, Mei-Wei Lv, Jin-Yang Li, Jin-Long Li Cadmium (Cd) is a ubiquitous environmental pollutant, which mainly input to the aquatic environment through discharge of industrial and agricultural waste, can be a threat to human and animal health. Selenium (Se) possesses a beneficial role in protecting animals and ameliorating the toxic effects...
Sun, 03/28/2021 - 06:04
LWT
Author(s): Yue Yi, Ahmed G. Abdelhamid, Yumin Xu, Ahmed E. Yousef Salmonella enterica contaminates many food matrices, particularly poultry products. This study was initiated to characterize newly isolated lytic Salmonella phages and to evaluate their efficiency against S. enterica serovar Enteritidis and Typhimurium in liquid whole eggs. Two phages (OSY-STA and OSY- SHC) isolated from livestock...
Sun, 03/28/2021 - 00:00
Wild animals are potential vectors of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the environment. The present study aimed to investigate the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance among Salmonella serovars isolated from wildlife and the environment in Italy. A total of 164 Salmonella isolates were analyzed, and six different subspecies and 64 serovars were detected. High proportions of Salmonella isolates...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 22:06
Journal of Food Safety, EarlyView. Foodborne microbial diseases constitute major health concern and therefore it is necessary to preserve food products to prolong their shelf life and safety. Promising method of food preservation is application of volatile natural agents into modified atmosphere in food packaging. Spices and condiments containing volatile oils could potentially be used....
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 22:06
Journal of Food Safety, EarlyView. The potato processing industries generate substantial quantities of phenolic‐rich potato peels as waste by‐products that could be valuable natural sources of antimicrobials and antioxidants in food industry. The present study is aimed to evaluate antimicrobial and antioxidant potential of hydro ethanol extract of peels of three commonly used potato varieties (...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 22:06
Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, Accepted Article. Citrus canker is a quarentenary disease caused by Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri (X. citri). Thus, sanitization of fresh fruit is a necessary measure before any commercial activity. Therefore, we evaluated the clove essential oil (CEO), as an alternative sanitizer for the disinfection of citrus fruit in packinghouses. Tests in vitro...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 22:06
Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. Pesticides and veterinary drugs are generally employed to control pests and insects in crop and livestock farming. However, remaining residues are considered potentially hazardous to human health and the environment. Therefore, regular monitoring is required for assessing and legislation of pesticides and veterinary drugs. Various approaches to...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 22:05
Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, EarlyView. Pore‐forming toxins (PFTs) are water‐soluble molecules that have been identified as the most crucial virulence factors during bacterial pathogenesis. PFTs disrupt the host cell membrane to internalize or to deliver other bacterial or virulence factors for establishing infections. Disruption of the host cell membrane by PFTs can...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 10:01
Pigs are major reservoirs of resistant Enterobacteriaceae that can reach humans through consumption of contaminated meat or vegetables grown in manure-fertilized soil. Samples were collected from sows during lactation and from their piglets at five time points spanning the production cycle. Cefotaxime-resistant bacteria were quantified and isolated from feed, feces, manures, and carcasses of pigs...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 10:01
This study aimed to assess the cecal microbiome, antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and heavy-metal resistance genes (MRGs) in fattening pigs raised under antibiotic-free (ABF) conditions compared with ordinary industrial pigs (control, C) using whole-genome shotgun sequencing. ABF pigs showed enrichment of Prevotella (33%) and Lactobacillus (13%), whereas Escherichia coli (40%), Fusobacterium, and...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 10:01
Geobacillus species are important contaminants in the dairy industry, and their presence is often considered an indicator of poor plant hygiene with the potential to cause spoilage. They can form heat-resistant spores that adhere to surfaces of processing equipment and germinate to form biofilms. Therefore, strategies aimed toward preventing or controlling biofilm formation in the dairy industry...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 10:01
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is the causative agent of Johne's disease in ruminants, which has important health consequences for dairy cattle. The Regional Dairy Quality Management Alliance (RDQMA) project is a multistate research program involving MAP isolates taken from three intensively studied commercial dairy farms in the northeastern United States, which emphasized...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 08:03
An increasing number of foodborne outbreaks, growing consumer desire for healthier products, and surging numbers of food allergy cases necessitate strict handling and screening of foods at every step of the food supply chain. Current standard procedures for detecting food toxins, contaminants, allergens, and pathogens require costly analytical devices, skilled technicians, and long sample...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 08:03
Carotenoids are versatile isoprenoids that are important in food quality and health promotion. There is a need to establish recommended dietary intakes/nutritional reference values for carotenoids. Research on carotenoids in agro-food and health is being propelled by the two multidisciplinary international networks, the Ibero-American Network for the Study of Carotenoids as Functional Foods...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 08:03
Food safety continues to threaten public health. Machine learning holds potential in leveraging large, emerging data sets to improve the safety of the food supply and mitigate the impact of food safety incidents. Foodborne pathogen genomes and novel data streams, including text, transactional, and trade data, have seen emerging applications enabled by a machine learning approach, such as...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 08:03
In this article, the application of nanocelluloses, especially cellulose nanofibrils and cellulose nanocrystals, as functional ingredients in foods is reviewed. These ingredients offer a sustainable and economic source of natural plant-based nanoparticles. Nanocelluloses are particularly suitable for altering the physicochemical, sensory, and nutritional properties of foods because of their...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 08:03
Chitosan is a biodegradable, biocompatible, and nontoxic aminopolysaccharide. This review summarizes and discusses the structural modifications, including substitution, grafting copolymerization, cross-linking, and hydrolysis, utilized to improve the physicochemical properties and enhance the bioactivity and functionality of chitosan and related materials. This manuscript also reviews the current...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 08:03
The contamination risks of microorganisms and mycotoxins in low-moisture foods have heightened public concern. Developing novel decontamination technologies to improve the safety of low-moisture foods is of great interest in both economics and public health. This review summarizes the working principles and applications of novel thermal decontamination technologies such as superheated steam,...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 08:03
The modern food supply faces many challenges. The global population continues to grow and people are becoming wealthier, so the food production system must respond by creating enough high-quality food to feed everyone with minimal damage to our environment. The number of people suffering or dying from diet-related chronic diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and cancer,...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 08:03
New forms of protein are being developed at a rapid rate as older forms of protein, particularly meat and poultry, are coming under attack for nutritional, environmental, food safety, and animal welfare issues. To date, the FDA and USDA have split oversight of the new technologies that include genetic engineering and precision fermentation. Because these new products address the problems...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 08:02
by Waruntorn Luangtrakul, Pakpoom Boonchuen, Phattarunda Jaree, Ramya Kumar, Han-Ching Wang, Kunlaya Somboonwiwat Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) caused by PirABVP-producing strain of Vibrio parahaemolyticus, VPAHPND, has seriously impacted the shrimp production. Although the VPAHPND toxin is known as the VPAHPND virulence factor, a receptor that mediates its action has not been...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 08:02
by Jun Wu, Ying Zhang, Zhongming Lv, Ping Yu, Weiqing Shi Aloe vera has been widely used in health and nutritional supplements in Chinese herbal medicine. Furthermore, Aloe vera production has been an emerging industry for making cosmetics and functional food. However, the reported adverse effects raised questions as to whether Aloe vera and its products were safe enough to be used in medicine...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 08:02
Bacillus cereus is a common foodborne pathogen that can cause both gastrointestinal and nongastrointestinal diseases. In this study, we collected 603 meat and meat products from 39 major cities in China. The positive contamination rate of B. cereus in the collected samples was 26.37% (159/603), and the contamination level in 5.03% (8/159) positive samples exceeded 1100 most probable number/g. The...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 08:02
Contamination of meat with antimicrobial-resistant bacteria represents a major public health threat worldwide. In this study, we determined the antimicrobial resistance profiles and resistance trends of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from major food animal carcasses (408 cattle, 1196 pig, and 1312 chicken carcass isolates) in Korea from 2010 to 2018. Approximately 75%, 92%, and 77% of cattle, pig...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 06:12
Author(s): Mohsen Abdel-Tawwab, Riad H. Khalil, Amany M. Diab, Mohamed A. Khallaf, Nashwa Abdel-Razek, Hany M.R. Abdel-Latif, Eman Khalifa The present study was performed to evaluate the toxic effects of feed-born zearalenone (ZEN) on antioxidative status, immunity, transcriptomic responses of European seabass, and the modulating roles of dietary garlic and/or chitosan powders. Fish (30.7 ± 0.6 g...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 06:10
Author(s): Ellen Evans, Emma Samuel, Elizabeth Redmond, Helen Taylor Due to its ability to colonize, grow and form in niches in food manufacturing environments, the management of Listeria monocytogenes can be complex, particularly for food manufacturing small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). In addition to an effective food safety management system, the perceptions of risk, control and...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 06:10
Author(s): Fangli Nong, Ping Zhang, Jing Meng, Qingchao Xie, Yufeng Li, Yingjie Pan, Yong Zhao, Haiquan Liu Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is an important zoonotic foodborne pathogen that can induce acute gastrointestinal symptoms related to human infection. In this study, we characterized 49 STEC strains isolated from 816 retail raw meats from 2010 to 2016 in Southeast China for...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 04:02
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a well-recognized endocrine disruptor, and considering its adverse effects its use in infant bottles has been banned in many countries. Growing concern on the use of BPA has led to its replacement with its analogues in numerous applications. Present is the first report determining the occurrence of seven bisphenols (BPs: BPA, BPAF, BPC, BPE, BPFL, BPS, and BPZ) in Indian...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 04:02
India is the largest jute and fifth largest maize producing country in the world. In India maize is commonly stored and transported in jute bags which are used multiple times. Aflatoxin contamination of maize is a major issue in India. This study evaluated the potential impact of re-using jute bags on the risk of aflatoxin contamination of maize in the food supply chain. A total of 121 jute bags...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 04:02
Aflatoxins and fumonisins commonly contaminate key food staples in tropical countries, causing recurring acute and chronic public health problems. The present study was conducted to assess the potential of a simple device designed for density-based sorting of maize for its potential to reduce aflatoxins and fumonisins in diverse samples of naturally contaminated maize. A cross sectional survey...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 04:02
This study investigated the effects of in-feed encapsulated cinnamaldehyde (CIN) and citral (CIT) alone or in combination (CIN+CIT) on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) phenotypes and genotypes of E. coli isolated from feces of 6-, 16-, 23- and 27-days old broiler chickens. The five dietary treatments including the basal diet (control; NC), the basal diet supplemented with 55 ppm bacitracin (BAC),...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 04:02
The increase in fat-related diseases and chemical hazards produced during the frying process poses a major threat to human health. Coating has been used as a practical method to reduce the oil content and chemical hazard of fried foods. Methyl cellulose (MC) and soy protein isolate (SPI) were used as coating materials to pretreat Chinese fried dough cake (CFDC) before frying. The results showed...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 04:02
This study investigated the effects of the physiological state, desiccation-adaptation, and storage of powdered infant formula (PIF) on Salmonella survival and their desiccation stress-related gene expression. PIF was inoculated with S . Typhimurium in the biofilm state on beads and in the planktonic state on nitrocellulose filters and stored at 25°C for up to 270 days. 5-cyano-2,3-ditoyl...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 04:02
A new coronavirus strain known as SARS-CoV-2 has spread throughout the world. This virus is the causative agent for the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and spreads primarily through human-to-human transmission via infected droplets and aerosols generated by infected persons. While COVID-19 is a respiratory virus, the potential for transmission of SARS-CoV-2 via food is considered...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 02:01
An LC-MS/MS method has been developed for the sensitive and selective determination of 35 mycotoxins (biomarkers of exposure) in pig urine samples. Sample preparation includes creatinine adjustment (with the developed LC-UV method) with enzymatic hydrolysis of pig urine samples followed by liquid-liquid (LLE) extraction. The LLE protocol, as well as enzymatic hydrolysis for indirect mycotoxin...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 00:00
Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is a growing global concern, threatening human and environmental health, particularly among urban populations. Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are thought to be “hotspots” for antibiotic resistance dissemination. The conditions of WWTPs, in conjunction with the persistence of commonly used antibiotics, may favor the selection and transfer of resistance...
Sat, 03/27/2021 - 00:00
We recently described the genetic antimicrobial resistance and virulence profile of a collection of 279 commensal E. coli of food-producing animal (FPA), pet, wildlife and human origin. Phenotypic antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and the role of commensal E. coli as reservoir of extra-intestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) virulence-associated genes (VAGs) or as potential ExPEC pathogens...
Fri, 03/26/2021 - 22:05
Letters in Applied Microbiology, Accepted Article. Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) regulate and maintain the stability of healthy microbial flora, inhibit the adhesion of pathogenic bacteria, and promote the colonization of beneficial microorganisms. The drug resistance and pathogenicity of Salmonella enteritis SE47 isolated from retail eggs were investigated. Meanwhile Enterococcus faecalis L76 and...
Fri, 03/26/2021 - 22:04
Journal of Applied Microbiology, Accepted Article. Aims Listeria species may colonise and persist in food processing facilities for prolonged periods of time, despite hygiene interventions in place. To understand the genetic factors contributing to persistence of Listeria strains, this study undertook a comparative analysis of 7 persistent and 6 presumed non‐persistent strains, isolated from a...
Fri, 03/26/2021 - 16:00
Chronic and repeated exposure of environmental bacterial communities to anthropogenic antibiotics have recently driven some antibiotic-resistant bacteria to acquire catabolic functions, enabling them to use antibiotics as nutritive sources (antibiotrophy). Antibiotrophy might confer a selective advantage facilitating the implantation and dispersion of antibiotrophs in contaminated environments. A...
Fri, 03/26/2021 - 16:00
In this study, we aimed to characterize the population structure, drug resistance mechanisms, and virulence genes of Enterococcus isolates in Estonia. Sixty-one Enterococcus faecalis and 34 Enterococcus faecium isolates were collected between 2012 and 2014 across the country from various sites and sources, including farm animals and poultry (n = 53), humans (n = 12), environment (n = 24), and...

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