Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Tue, 10/20/2020 - 10:01
Natural killer (NK) cells are critically involved in the early immune response against various intracellular pathogens, including Coxiella burnetii and Chlamydia psittaci. Chlamydia-infected NK cells functionally mature, induce cellular immunity, and protect themselves by killing the bacteria in secreted granules. Here, we report that infected NK cells do not allow intracellular multiday growth...
Tue, 10/20/2020 - 08:02
by Rujapak Sutiwisesak, Nathan D. Hicks, Shayla Boyce, Kenan C. Murphy, Kadamba Papavinasasundaram, Stephen M. Carpenter, Julie Boucau, Neelambari Joshi, Sylvie Le Gall, Sarah M. Fortune, Christopher M. Sassetti, Samuel M. Behar CD8 T cells provide limited protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection in the mouse model. As Mtb causes chronic infection in mice and humans, we...
Tue, 10/20/2020 - 08:02
by Lauren Korhonen, Jessica Cohen, Nicole Gregoricus, Monica M. Farley, Rebecca Perlmutter, Stacy M. Holzbauer, Ghinwa Dumyati, Zintars Beldavs, Ashley Paulick, Jan Vinjé, Brandi M. Limbago, Fernanda C. Lessa, Alice Y. Guh We assessed viral co-infections in 155 patients with community-associated Clostridioides difficile infection in five U.S. sites during December 2012–February 2013. Eighteen...
Tue, 10/20/2020 - 08:02
by Jeff Wagner, Wenhao Chen, Gordon Vrdoljak Background Identifying the functional materials inside vaping devices can help inform efforts to understand risk. While nicotine E-cigarette components and metals have been characterized in several previous studies, the internal component compositions of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) cartridge designs are not as well known. The 2019–20 e-cigarette or...
Tue, 10/20/2020 - 08:02
by Jae Young Cho, Hyungdon Kook, Cheol Woong Yu Background Although optical coherence tomography (OCT)-detected suboptimal findings (SF-OCT) such as malapposition, edge dissection, tissue protrusion, thrombus and small minimal stent area (MSA) are frequently observed after the implantation of drug-eluting stents (DES), their clinical implications are controversial. Hypothesis Clinical outcomes...
Tue, 10/20/2020 - 06:15
Author(s): Radhakrishna Sahu, Deepak B. Rawool, Valil Kunjukunju Vinod, S.V.S. Malik, Sukhadeo B. Barbuddhe Q fever (coxiellosis), caused by Coxiella burnetii, is an emerging or re-emerging zoonotic disease of public health significance and with worldwide distribution. As a causal agent of the one among the 13 global priority zoonoses, having the infectious dose as low as one bacterium, C....
Tue, 10/20/2020 - 04:02
Mercury, as a global toxic pollutant, is easy to be accumulated in aquatic products and poses a great threat to human health. In this work, we proposed a mix-to-read, label-free, and robust assay for detecting mercury pollution in aquatic products by engineering a ratiometric-enhanced G-quadruplex probe. The transformation from the G-quadruplex to a hairpin-like structure allows us to confer a...
Tue, 10/20/2020 - 02:02
Pork-derived products can contribute to the overall ochratoxin A (OTA) intake via carry-over from contaminated feed or via mould spoilage of meat products (salami, dry-cured ham, sausage). An analytical method using liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was developed and validated in accordance with the specifications laid down by European Commission. It offered...
Tue, 10/20/2020 - 02:02
Salting-out assisted liquid-liquid extraction (SALLE) coupled to dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) was developed as an efficient extraction method for purification and preconcentration of bisphenol A and six analogs (B, E, F, S, BADGE, BFDGE) in canned coffee drinks. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was applied for the determination of the analytes....
Tue, 10/20/2020 - 02:01
The capability of faecal indicator bacteria (FIB) to be environmental in origin and the deficient specificity of markers can mean uncertain outcomes when just a single marker is distinguished. This can give a bogus thought regarding water quality. A water quality analysis and the correlation between FIB, multiple physiochemical parameters and a viral marker in recreational waters were studied....
Tue, 10/20/2020 - 00:00
Two randomized, placebo-controlled studies evaluated the pulmonary function safety of onabotulinumtoxinA (onabotA) for treatment of upper and/or lower limb spasticity. Patients with stable baseline respiratory status received one or two treatments with placebo, 240 U, or 360 U of onabotA. Pulmonary function tests, adverse events, and efficacy were measured at least every 6 weeks for 18 weeks (...
Mon, 10/19/2020 - 22:09
Wheat scab, mainly caused by Fusarium graminearum, can decrease wheat yield and grain quality. Chemical pesticides are currently the main control method but have an inevitable negative consequence on the environment and in food safety. This research studies a promising substitute, Streptomyces pratensis S10, which was isolated from tomato leaf mold and shows a significant inhibition effect on F....
Mon, 10/19/2020 - 22:08
Cold atmospheric‐pressure plasma treatment was applied to decontaminate turmeric powder. Cold plasma reduced the aerobic microbial count of turmeric powder by approximately 1.5 log CFU g−1. Cold plasma exerted both improving and deteriorating effects on essential oil profile of turmeric. Cold plasma enhanced total phenolic and flavonoid contents and diminished antioxidant activity. Cold plasma...
Mon, 10/19/2020 - 16:00
Campylobacter species are zoonotic pathogens and the leading cause of bacterial enteritis worldwide. With the increase of antimicrobial resistance to fluoroquinolones and macrolides, they have been identified by the World Health Organization (WHO) as high-priority antimicrobial-resistant pathogens. There is currently little known about the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance characteristics...
Mon, 10/19/2020 - 16:00
Shigella spp. and entero-invasive Escherichia coli (EIEC) can cause mild diarrhea to dysentery. In Netherlands, although shigellosis is a notifiable disease, there is no laboratory surveillance for Shigella spp. and EIEC in place. Consequently, the population structure for circulating Shigella spp. and EIEC isolates is not known. This study describes the phenotypic and serological characteristics...
Mon, 10/19/2020 - 16:00
Similar to what has been described in other Gram-negative bacteria, Brucella melitensis releases outer membrane vesicles (OMVs). OMVs from B. melitensis 16M and the rough-mutant B. melitensis VTRM1 were able to induce a protective immune response against virulent B. melitensis in mice models. The presence of some proteins which had previously been reported to induce protection against Brucella...
Mon, 10/19/2020 - 16:00
Proline-rich antimicrobial peptides (PR-AMPs) having a potent antimicrobial activity predominantly toward Gram-negative bacteria and negligible toxicity toward host cells, are attracting attention as new templates for developing antibiotic drugs. We have previously isolated and characterized several bactenecins that are promising in this respect, from the leukocytes of the domestic goat Capra...
Mon, 10/19/2020 - 16:00
The formation of persister cells is one mechanism by which bacteria can survive exposure to environmental stresses. We show that Campylobacter jejuni 11168H forms persister cells at a frequency of 10−3 after exposure to 100 × MIC of penicillin G for 24 h. Staining the cell population with a redox sensitive fluorescent dye revealed that penicillin G treatment resulted in the appearance of a...
Mon, 10/19/2020 - 08:01
With the continued spread of COVID-19 across the world, rapid diagnostic tools, readily available respurposable drugs, and prompt containment measures to control the SARS-CoV-2 infection are of paramount importance. Examples of recent advances in diagnostic tests are CRISPR technology, IgG assay, spike protein detection, and use of artificial intelligence. The gold standard reverse transcription...
Mon, 10/19/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Jiahui Wu, Qingmei Song, Jingyan Zhou, Yingxin Wu, Xiaowen Liu, Junjun Liu, Lingli Zhou, Zhuohao Wu, Wencheng Wu Cadmium (Cd) contamination in soil-rice systems has become a global public concern. However, influencing factors and the contamination threshold of Cd in soils remain largely unknown owing to soil heterogeneity, which limits our ability to assess the risk to human health and...
Mon, 10/19/2020 - 02:02
The aim of the present study is to biomonitor the tolerance level of roadside plant species towards mitigation of air pollution for the development of greenbelt. The leaves of four plant species (Azadirachta indica, Ficus benghalensis, Melia azedarach and Polyalthia longifolia) were collected from 41 sampling sites of Bathinda city during summer and winter seasons. Seasonal variation in APTI and...
Mon, 10/19/2020 - 00:00
The goal of this study was to investigate the toxicokinetic characteristics of aflatoxin G1 (AFG1) in broiler chickens and the effect of calcination of a Tunisian montmorillonite clay on the in vivo absorption of AFG1. In this study, broiler chickens were randomly distributed into four groups of 10 animals. Group 1 was administered AFG1 (2 mg/kg body weight (BW)) by single intravenous injection (...
Mon, 10/19/2020 - 00:00
One integral step in the transition from a nucleic acid encoded-genome to functional proteins is the aminoacylation of tRNA molecules. To perform this activity, aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRSs) activate free amino acids in the cell forming an aminoacyl-adenylate before transferring the amino acid on to its cognate tRNA. These newly formed aminoacyl-tRNA (aa-tRNA) can then be used by the...
Sun, 10/18/2020 - 22:08
The channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus, Rafinesque) ovary (CCO) cell line is the standard cell line used for channel catfish diagnostics. Next‐gen sequencing studies of a virus cultured in the CCO cells revealed mitochondrial sequences matching those of brown bullhead (Ameiurus nebulosus, Lesueur). Therefore, we systematically performed partial cytochrome oxidase 1 gene sequencing of several...
Sun, 10/18/2020 - 22:08
This study was aimed at predicting the inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes in cooked beef during unsteady heating. A one‐step approach was firstly applied to determine the thermodynamic coefficient of the beef sample. Then inactivation kinetics were estimated by constructing the empirical heat‐transfer model and the log‐linear dynamic inactivation model. Validations showed that the integrated...
Sun, 10/18/2020 - 06:12
Author(s): Shaimaa Abdelmohsen, Carol Verheecke-Vaessen, Esther Garcia-Cela, Angel MEDINAq, Naresh Magan Penicillium verrucosum is responsible for ochratoxin A (OTA) contamination of temperate cereals during harvesting and storage. Inoculum comes from soil and crop debris. This study examined the effect of temperature (25 vs 30 °C), CO2 (400 vs 1000 ppm) and matric and solute stress (-2.8 vs -7.0...
Sun, 10/18/2020 - 02:02
Fungi of Aspergillus and Penicillium genus can infect peas (Pisum sativum), leading to a contamination with the nephrotoxic and carcinogenic ochratoxin A (OTA). Under unfavourable conditions, a fungus primarily found on lupines, Diapothe toxica, may also grow on peas and produce the hepatotoxic phomopsin A (PHOA). To study the effect of processing on OTA and PHOA content, two model products—wheat...
Sun, 10/18/2020 - 02:01
This work proposes, for the first time, a method based on homogenous liquid-liquid microextraction with switchable hydrophilicity solvent as extraction phase (SHS-HLLME) for the determination of food-packaging contaminants including dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP), di-n-octyl phthalate (DNOP), 4-octylphenol (4-OP), 4-...
Sun, 10/18/2020 - 02:01
Fruits contain nutrients, minerals, trace elements, vitamins, and phytochemicals that are important in terms of human health. When fruits are consumed in a balanced diet, they have a positive effect with regard to reducing disease risk. As a result of heavy metal contamination of the environment, they can be a potential source of toxic elements so it is important to determine the toxic, essential...
Sun, 10/18/2020 - 02:01
Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] has great economic and nutritional importance mainly due to its high protein content. All plant's N needs can be met by the symbiosis with elite Bradyrhizobium strains applied as inoculants to the seeds at sowing time; however, the increasing use of pesticides in seed treatments can impair the contribution of the biological nitrogen fixation. In this study, we...
Sun, 10/18/2020 - 00:00
Changes were evaluated over 10 years in the in vitro resistance of human periodontopathic strains of Parvimonas micra to four antibiotics. Subgingival biofilms culture positive for P. micra from 300 United States adults with severe periodontitis in 2006, and from a similar group of 300 patients in 2016, were plated onto anaerobically incubated enriched Brucella blood agar alone, or supplemented...
Sun, 10/18/2020 - 00:00
Resistance to anti-tuberculosis (anti-TB) antibiotics is a major public health concern for many high-TB burden countries in Asia, including Bangladesh. Therefore, to represent the overall drug-resistance pattern against TB in Bangladesh, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted. Databases such as PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar were searched to identify studies related to antibiotic...
Sun, 10/18/2020 - 00:00
The search for food resources is a constant in human history. Nowadays, the search for natural and safe food supplies is of foremost importance. Accordingly, there is a renewed interest in eco-friendly and natural products for substitution of synthetic additives. In addition, microbial contamination of food products during their obtaining and distribution processes is still a sanitary issue, and...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 22:10
Novel nonthermal inactivation technologies have been increasingly popular over the traditional thermal food processing methods due to their capacity in maintaining microbial safety and other quality parameters. Plasma‐activated water (PAW) is a cutting‐edge technology developed around a decade ago, and it has attracted considerable attention as a potential washing disinfectant. This review aims...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 22:10
Tropical peatlands are unique and globally important ecosystems for carbon storage, that are generally considered nutrient poor. However, different nutrient and heavy metal concentrations in these complex ecosystems and their interactions with carbon emissions are largely unknown. The objective of this research was to explore the concentrations of macro‐ and micro‐nutrients and other heavy metals...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 22:07
BACKGROUND Oxidized phlorotannin could be used as protein cross‐linking agents to produce high‐quality fish gel products. Phlorotannin can be easily induced to form quinone compounds in an oxidizing environment, while o‐quinone has been proven to be a reactive, electrophilic intermediate that easily reacts with proteins to form rigid molecular crosslinking network. The objective of this study was...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 14:04
Food contaminants represent food constituents that are accidentally introduced during food preparation cycle. In addition to their direct toxic effects on human health at different levels, they influence both gut microbiota composition and function. This often leads to metabolic disorders linked to many aspects of the human body. Foods are poisoned with physical, chemical, or biological factors...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 14:04
There is a significant lack of data on acrylamide in food which is prepared domestically, as obtaining samples of food cooked in people’s homes is more complex than taking samples from shops. Rösti is a fried potato dish, which can be a significant contributor to acrylamide exposure, particularly in the German speaking areas of Switzerland. A set of 71 samples was collected from people who cooked...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 12:01
ABSTRACT This study was designed to evaluate the synergistic effect of phage (P22) and antibiotic on the inhibition of Salmonella Typhimurium exposed to ceftriaxone (CEF) and ciprofloxacin (CIP). The effect of phage and antibiotic treatments was evaluated by plaque size, disk diffusion, antibiotic susceptibility and phage multiplication assays. The sequential treatment effect of phage and...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 08:01
by Heba Barnawi, Nader Masri, Natasha Hussain, Bushra Al-Lawati, Evita Mayasari, Aleksandra Gulbicka, Adrian J. Jervis, Min-Hsuan Huang, Jennifer S. Cavet, Dennis Linton RNA thermometers (RNATs) trigger bacterial virulence factor expression in response to the temperature shift on entering a warm-blooded host. At lower temperatures these secondary structures sequester ribosome-binding sites (RBSs...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 08:01
by Michaela E. Miller, Mark Hamann, Frederieke J. Kroon Microplastic (MP) contamination has been well documented across a range of habitats and for a large number of organisms in the marine environment. Consequently, bioaccumulation, and in particular biomagnification of MPs and associated chemical additives, are often inferred to occur in marine food webs. Presented here are the results of a...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 08:01
by Qihui Yang, Don M. Gruenbacher, Jessica L. Heier Stamm, David E. Amrine, Gary L. Brase, Scott A. DeLoach, Caterina M. Scoglio As cattle movement data in the United States are scarce due to the absence of mandatory traceability programs, previous epidemic models for U.S. cattle production systems heavily rely on contact rates estimated based on expert opinions and survey data. These models are...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 06:22
Author(s): Holly Montgomery, Simon A. Haughey, Christopher T. Elliott Milk and milk products play a vital role in diets around the globe. Due to their nutritional benefits there has been an increase in production and consumption over the past thirty years. For this growth to continue the safety and authenticity of dairy products needs to be maintained which is a huge area of concern. Throughout...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 06:21
Author(s): Sonal Chaple, Chaitanya Sarangapani, John Jones, Ed Carey, Lucie Causeret, Annaik Genson, Brendan Duffy, Paula Bourke Atmospheric cold plasma (ACP) has emerged as a novel processing technology, with demonstrated efficiencies in microbial inactivation. However, studies on the effects of ACP and potential to modify the functional properties of foods are sparse. The objective of this...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 06:17
Author(s): Bruno Elias dos Santos Costa, Nívia Maria Melo Coelho A noteworthy solid phase extraction procedure was developed for speciation of inorganic arsenic in rice samples using flow injection-hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry (FI-HG AAS). The procedure is based on the in-situ formation of quaternary ammonium salt as µ-sorbent. A small amount of tetra-n-butylammonium bromide...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 06:17
Author(s): Xiaohan Yang, Panpan Zhao, Yu Dong, Shiqi Chen, Hui Shen, Ge Jiang, Hai Zhu, Jingquan Dong, Song Gao Vibrio vulnificus is an important foodborne pathogenic bacterium that mainly contaminates seafood. Rapid and accurate technologies that suitable for on-site detection are critical for effective control of its spreading. Conventional detection methods and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 06:16
Author(s): Xinyue Yuan, Dianwei Zhang, Xuecheng Zhu, Huilin Liu, Baoguo Sun Manganese-doped zinc sulfide quantum dots (Mn-ZnS QDs) are promising candidates for multi-channel sensing analysis due to their multi-dimensional optical properties. In this study, we integrated amino-silane and ionic liquid co-modified Mn-ZnS QDs and covalent organic frameworks (COFs) into optosensing nanoparticles to...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 04:02
Carbendazim (CBZ), which is a fungicide widely used for the management of plant diseases, has been detected in a number of food products. The negative effects of CBZ to human health have stimulated the reduction of the maximum residue limits (MRLs), and subsequently the development of reliable and sensitive detection methods. Here, we are reviewing for the first time all reported chromatographic...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 02:02
Abstract Tolypocladium guangdongense is a high-value edible fungus with various medicinal and food safety properties. However, its evolutionary and genetic information is still limited. Mitochondrial genomes are potential models for molecular evolution and phylogenetic studies. In this study, we sequenced the complete mitogenome of T. guangdongense, demonstrating circular sequence of 46,102 bp,...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 02:02
Abstract In light of emerging antibiotic resistance, bacterial cell wall lytic enzymes are promising antimicrobial agents that degrade bacterial peptidoglycan while specifically recognizing the target bacterium. The efficacy of lytic enzymes against several multi-drug-resistant pathogens infecting humans has led to many efforts focused on in vivo therapeutic applications. However, the potential...

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