Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

Mon, 11/25/2019 - 03:23
Author(s): Pramod Kumar, Priti Yadav, K.V. Ingole, Rishi Jaiswal, N.S. Khalid, Durgesh G. Deshmukh, A.K. Goel, P.K. YadavaAbstractIt is evident from previous cholera epidemic/outbreaks in India, Africa and America that seventh pandemic ElTor (7PET) with Haitian genotype (7PET-HCT) were associated with increased mortality. Present study highlights emergence of 7PET-HCT isolates causing two cholera...
Mon, 11/25/2019 - 03:23
Author(s): Yuanyuan Song, Xuetong FanAbstractIn the present study, we investigated whether cold plasma activation affected the efficacy of aerosolized hydrogen peroxide against S. Typhimurium and L. innocua. Stem scars and smooth surfaces of grape tomatoes, surfaces of Granny Smith apples and Romaine lettuce (both midrib and upper leaves) and cantaloupe rinds were inoculated with two-strain...
Mon, 11/25/2019 - 03:23
Author(s): Min-Jin Jeon, Jae-Won HaAbstractWe evaluated the bactericidal efficacy of the simultaneous application of ultraviolet-A (UV-A) irradiation and fumaric acid (FA) against Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, and Listeria monocytogenes in apple juice and as well as investigated the effects of this treatment on product quality. Further, we elucidated the...
Mon, 11/25/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Lele Shao, Yi Liu, Xiaojing Tian, Huicong Wang, Qianqian Yu, Xingmin Li, Ruitong DaiAbstractOhmic heating (OH), an alternative thermal processing technique, has various applications in food industry in recent years. To better understand the inactivation of microorganisms treated with OH, effects of OH with different voltage gradient (5 and 10 V/cm) and frequency (50 and 500 Hz) on the...
Mon, 11/25/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Irene Dervisi, Chrysanthi Valassakis, Adamantia Agalou, Nikolaos Papandreou, Varvara Podia, Kosmas Haralampidis, Vassiliki A. Iconomidou, Vassili N. Kouvelis, Herman P. Spaink, Andreas RoussisAbstractPhospholipase PLA1-Iγ2 or otherwise DAD1-LIKE LIPASE 3 (DALL3) is a member of class I phospholipases and has a role in JA biosynthesis. AtDALL3 was previously identified in a yeast two-...
Mon, 11/25/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Paschalitsa Tryfinopoulou, Antonia Chourdaki, George-John E. Nychas, Efstathios Z. PanagouAbstractThe aim of the present study was to investigate the interaction between 67 different yeast isolates and 3 wild isolates of Aspergillus carbonarius originated from Greek vineyards and characterized by high ochratoxigenic potential. The selected fungi were used either as single cultures or...
Mon, 11/25/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Paola Modesto, Maria Grazia Maniaci, Umberto Cavallazzi, Pier Luigi Acutis, Simone PelettoAbstractPancreatin is a combination of enzymes, principally amylase, lipase, and protease, used in the treatment of pancreatic endocrine insufficiency in humans. Pancreatin manufactured from imported porcine pancreas carries the risk of hepatitis E virus (HEV) contamination. About 1% of the...
Mon, 11/25/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Silvana Costa, Francesca Coppola, Carlo Pretti, Luigi Intorre, Valentina Meucci, Amadeu M.V.M. Soares, Rosa Freitas, Montserrat SoléAbstractDiclofenac (DIC) is one of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) with higher consumption rates, used in both human and veterinary medicine. Previous studies already demonstrated the presence of this drug in aquatic environments and...
Mon, 11/25/2019 - 03:15
Apart from causing serious yield losses, various kinds of mycotoxins may be accumulated in plant tissues infected by Fusarium strains. Fusarium mycotoxin contamination is one of the most important concerns in the food safety field nowadays. However, limited information on the causal agents, etiology, and mycotoxin production of this disease is available on pepper in China. This research was...
Mon, 11/25/2019 - 03:15
The main aim of the current investigation was to contemplate the impact of high-voltage electric field cold plasma (HVCP) on different quality characteristics (enzymes, microbial activities, coloring pigments, ascorbic acid, polyphenolic compounds, °Brix, acidity, and color index) of carrot juice in correlation with thermal processing. A carrot juice (250 mL) sample sealed in pre-...
Sun, 11/24/2019 - 03:40
Author(s): Ramesh Prasad Sah, Anita Rani Dey, A.K.M. Anisur Rahman, Mohammad Zahangir Alam, Md. Hasanuzzaman TalukderAbstractThe study was planned to apply the PCR method for detection of T. gondii infection in sheep, goats and cattle aborted fetuses from Mymensingh, Bangladesh. A total of 58 fetal tissue samples (brain, liver, heart, skeletal muscle and placenta) of sheep (5), goats (5) and...
Sun, 11/24/2019 - 03:39
Author(s): Mark H. WeirAbstractDriven by the quantitative estimate of risk via the dose-response models, quantitative microbial risk assessment has been used successfully for public health interventions. The dose-response models are derived starting from an average exposed dose of infectious particles, this dictates the dose data units required. Then dose-response data from animal model...
Sun, 11/24/2019 - 03:37
Author(s): Francesco Fancello, Giacomo L. Petretto, Salvatore Marceddu, Tullio Venditti, Giorgio Pintore, Giacomo Zara, Ilaria Mannazzu, Marilena Budroni, Severino ZaraAbstractContamination by Listeria monocytogenes is a particularly challenging problem in the food industry due to the ability of the bacterium to develop under conditions normally used for food preservation. Here, we show that the...
Sun, 11/24/2019 - 03:37
Author(s): Jiahui Liu, Zihe Li, Yanlei Cui, Haiyan Yang, Hu Shan, Chuanmei ZhangAbstractWe evaluated the phenotype and genotype of a fatal influenza/canine distemper virus coinfection found in farmed mink in China. We identified a novel subtype H1N1 influenza virus strain from the lungs of infected mink designated A/Mink/Shandong/1121/2017 (H1N1). The results of phylogenetic analysis of 8 gene...
Sun, 11/24/2019 - 03:37
Author(s): Antoine Rostang, Jacques Devos, Christophe ChartierAbstractEprinomectin (EPM) has been recently granted a marketing authorisation in the European Union for use in goats, with a zero-day milk withdrawal period. Considering the high prevalence of benzimidazole resistance worldwide and the economic implications of managing milk residues, EPM may today be considered the main (or even the...
Sun, 11/24/2019 - 03:36
Author(s): Ganyu Gu, Andrea Ottesen, Samantha Bolten, Yaguang Luo, Steven Rideout, Xiangwu NouAbstractFresh produce, as a known or suspected source of multiple foodborne outbreaks, harbors large populations of diverse microorganisms, which are partially released into wash water during processing. However, the dynamics of bacterial communities in wash water during produce processing is poorly...
Sun, 11/24/2019 - 03:36
Author(s): Wenjia Jin, Zhigang Wang, Yafei Sun, Yongjie Wang, Chunjuan Bi, Limin Zhou, Xiangmin ZhengAbstractHuman exposure to arsenic (As) through rice consumption is a global food safety issue, especially in Southeast Asia. To investigate the impacts of biochar amendment (rice husk and smooth cordgrass-derived biochar) and/or silicate fertilizer on As mobility/phytoavailability in soil and on...
Sun, 11/24/2019 - 03:36
Author(s): Huanlong Peng, Yukun Wu, Tong Guan, Wei He, Liang Xu, Yongmei Liang, Wei LiuAbstractIn this study, we analyzed the effects of sludge aging pre-treatment on the stabilization mechanisms of heavy metals during sludge pyrolysis. First, the form of copper (Cu) and chromium (Cr) was conducted using the sequential extraction procedure proposed by the European Community Bureau of Reference (...
Sun, 11/24/2019 - 03:35
Author(s): Alban L, B. Häsler, G. van Schaik, Ruegg SAbstractThere is a plethora of meat-borne hazards – including parasites - for which there may be a need for surveillance. However, veterinary services worldwide need to decide how to use their scarce resources and prioritise among the perceived hazards. Moreover, to remain competitive, food business operators – irrespective of whether they are...
Sun, 11/24/2019 - 03:28
Physical, chemical and antimicrobial properties of fish gelatin films with different concentrations of ethyl lauroyl arginate (LAE) were studied. Optical properties of film‐forming solution did not vary with increased LAE content. However, pH and surface tension increased. The incorporation of LAE into the formulation increased moisture and solubility of the films. In addition, the presence of...
Sun, 11/24/2019 - 03:28
BACKGROUND Baixi sufu (BS) is a traditional Chinese spicy fermented bean curd manufactured with a natural starter. In this study, the bacterial and fungal communities during BS fermentation were determined by culture and the culture‐independent method of high‐throughput sequencing (HTS), and correlation analyses were performed to select the potential fermentation‐contributing microorganisms....
Sun, 11/24/2019 - 03:27
Few published studies have examined whether the elevated concentrations of the nonessential toxic metal mercury (Hg) often observed in shark muscle also occur in the shark brain or whether Hg accumulation affects shark neurophysiology. Therefore, this study examined accumulation and distribution of Hg in the shark brain, as well as effects of Hg on oxidative stress in the shark central nervous...
Sun, 11/24/2019 - 03:25
Botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injections in children with cerebral palsy (CP) may negatively affect muscle growth and strength. We injected BoNT-A into the affected limbs of 14 children (4.57 ± 2.28 years) with hemiplegic CP and exhibiting tip-toeing gait on the affected side and investigated the morphological alterations in the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle (GCM). We...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:25
by David Berendes, Jackie Knee, Trent Sumner, Drew Capone, Amanda Lai, Anna Wood, Siddhartha Patel, Rassul Nalá, Oliver Cumming, Joe Brown Because poor sanitation is hypothesized as a major direct and indirect pathway of exposure to antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs), we sought to determine a) the prevalence of and b) environmental risk factors for gut carriage of key ARGs in a pediatric...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:25
Polymyxin antibiotics are a last-line treatment for multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. However, the emergence of colistin resistance, including the spread of mobile mcr genes, necessitates the development of improved diagnostics for the detection of colistin-resistant organisms in hospital settings. The recently developed MALDIxin test enables detection of colistin resistance by matrix-...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:25
Blood cultures are routinely collected in pairs of aerobic and anaerobic bottles. Artificial sterilization of Gram-negative bacteria in aerobic bottles containing clinically meaningful antibiotic concentrations has previously been observed. This study assessed recovery from anaerobic bottles with and without antibiotic binding resins. We studied the recovery of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Andrea Tarazona, Eva M. Mateo, José V. Gómez, David Romera, Fernando MateoAbstractThe use of Fusarium-controlling fungicides is necessary to limit crop loss. Little is known about the effect of commercial antifungal formulations at sub-lethal doses, and their interaction with abiotic factors, on Fusarium culmorum and F. proliferatum development and on zearalenone and fumonisin...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Kien Trung Le, Masatoshi Okamatsu, Lam Thanh Nguyen, Keita Matsuno, Duc-Huy Chu, Tien Ngoc Tien, Tung Thanh Le, Hiroshi Kida, Yoshihiro SakodaAbstractDuring the annual surveillance of avian influenza viruses (AIVs) in Vietnam in 2018, three H7N7 AIV isolates were identified in domestic ducks in a single flock in Vinh Long province. The present study is the first documented report of...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Hongzao Lv, Tao Zhou, Chuanju Dong, Shengnan Kong, Lin Chen, Fei Pu, Xuejun Li, Peng XuAbstractComplement is a complex component of innate immune system, playing an important role in defense against pathogens and host homeostasis. The complement system has been comprehensively studied in mammals, however less is known about complement in teleost, especially in tetraploid common carp (...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Christina Sakarikou, Dimitra Kostoglou, Manuel Simões, Efstathios GiaourisAbstractSalmonella is one of the most frequent causes of foodborne outbreaks throughout the world. In the last years, the resistance of this and other pathogenic bacteria to antimicrobials has become a prime concern towards their successful control. In addition, the tolerance and virulence of pathogenic bacteria...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Diana Alves, Miguel A. Cerqueira, Lorenzo M. Pastrana, Sanna SillankorvaAbstractNotwithstanding the implementation of good processing practices in food companies and appropriate washing of food products by the consumer, Salmonella and Escherichia coli outbreaks continue to occur. In this study, different combinations of bacteriophages (phages) and cinnamaldehyde (CNMA) were...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Els Vossen, Sophie Goethals, Jo De Vrieze, Nico Boon, Thomas van Hecke, Stefaan De SmetAbstractPigs were fed either red and processed meat or chicken meat within either a prudent or a Western dietary pattern for four weeks (2 × 2 full factorial design). The colon microbial community and volatile organic compounds were assessed (either quantified or based on their presence). Results...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:23
Author(s): Benjamin Osei Tutu, Cynthia Hushie, Rita Asante, Jocelyn Adeline Egyakwa-AmusahAbstractBackgroundKnowledge in food safety influences food safety attitudes of people which could result in behavioural changes. Inadequate knowledge in food safety among consumers, especially children, increase their risk of getting foodborne diseases. Implementing food safety educational programs in...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:23
Author(s): S. Huyskens-Keil, I. Eichholz-Dündar, K. Hassenberg, W.B. HerppichAbstractPostharvest quality decay of white asparagus spears is often due to red discoloration of spear tips, caused by enhanced epidermal anthocyanin synthesis and accumulation. Exposure to light of different wavelengths triggers distinct physiological processes in plants leading to changes in pigments (e.g. phenolic...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Luca Settanni, Pietro Barbaccia, Adriana Bonanno, Marialetizia Ponte, Rosalia Di Gerlando, Elena Franciosi, Antonino Di Grigoli, Raimondo GaglioAbstractThe present work was carried out to evaluate the microbiological and physicochemical composition of salamis produced with the meat of beef, horse, wild boar and pork. Salami productions occurred under controlled laboratory conditions to...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Andrea R. McWhorter, Kapil K. ChousalkarAbstractSingle-aged caged layer hen flocks were monitored for Salmonella over the course of their lifetime. Chicks from both flocks were Salmonella negative at hatch and remained negative during rearing. Pullets were transported to production farms at 15 weeks of age. Pre-population dust swabs collected from both production sheds had a high...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Anna D. Kononiuk, Małgorzata KarwowskaAbstractThis study determines the possibility of using freeze-dried acid whey as an alternative to nitrate/nitrite in fermented sausages made from fallow deer meat. The study compared the parameters related to food safety as well as the content of biogenic amines (BAs) in the sausages made from beef meat and fallow deer meat. The results showed...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Qun Cheng, Shuzhen Jiang, Libo Huang, Yuxi Wang, Weiren Yang, Zaibin Yang, Jinshan GeAbstractZearalenone (ZEA) contamination of feed affects animal husbandry and the human health. Currently, the molecular mechanism underlying small intestine-related diseases caused by ZEA-induced oxidative stress is not well understood. In this study, we aimed to identify the mechanisms involved in ZEA...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Neus González, Sara C. Cunha, Ricardo Ferreira, José O. Fernandes, Montse Marquès, Martí Nadal, José L. DomingoAbstractThe present study was aimed at assessing the exposure of an adult population to nine BPs analogues (BPA, BPS, BPF, BPB, BPAF, BPZ, BPE, BPAP and BPP) through a duplicate diet study. Up to 40 canned and non-canned food samples were purchased from Tarragona (Catalonia,...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Chuanfeng Teng, Jianbo Jia, Zhiping Wang, Bing YanAbstractSynergistic toxicity from multiple environmental pollutants poses greater threat to humans, especially to susceptible pregnant population. Here we evaluated combined toxicity from environment pollutants zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) and cadmium chloride (CdCl2) using two pregnant mice models established by oral...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Peng Zeng, Zhaohui Guo, Xiyuan Xiao, Chi Peng, Lingqing Liu, Demei Yan, Yalei HeAbstractFast growing woody plants are proposed for potential application for phytoremediation of contaminated soil. In this study, the plant growth, physiological responses, mineral element uptake, and phytoremediation potential of the woody plant Morus alba L. were studied in different levels of Cd-...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Nijira Brahma, Abhik GuptaAbstractThe median lethal concentrations (LC50) of Pb at 96 h were 8.84, 192.14, and 3.22 mg L−1 for pre-reproductive and reproductive individuals of Lamellidens jenkinsianus obesa and reproductive individuals of Parreysia (Parreysia) corrugata, respectively. Thus, young L. j. obesa were much more sensitive to Pb than its adults, while P. (P.) corrugata was...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:18
The abuse of pesticides in home gardens may lead to contamination of home‐grown eggs. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), aldrin, and malathion pesticides residues in egg white and egg yolk of home‐grown eggs in Jordan; and the effect of refrigerated storage and heat treatment (boiling and frying) on residues level. High‐performance liquid chromatography...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:18
Growth behavior of Salmonella (A–E) and Shigella (F–J) in tomato–cucumber, modified tomato–cucumber, tahini tomato–cucumber, coleslaw, and toum sauce salads, respectively, stored for 5 days at 4, 10, and 24°C. Abstract This study evaluated the behavior of Salmonella and Shigella (5–6 log CFU/g) in tomato–cucumber (TC) salad without additives (control), TC with 1.0% lemon juice and 0.5% salt, TC...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:17
In this study, a modified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe method combined with ultra high performance liquid chromatography‐tandem mass spectrometry was developed for the multiclass determination of 28 plant growth regulators in various fruits. Different extraction solvents and adsorbents, including primary secondary amine, octadecylsilyl, graphitized carbon black, and zirconia‐...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:16
Here, two monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) specific to different epitopes on ToxB, a toxin produced by Vibrio parahaemolyticus that causes acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (VPAHPND), were employed to develop a rapid strip test. One MAb was conjugated to colloidal gold to bind to ToxB at the application pad, and another MAb was used to capture colloidal gold MAb–protein complexes at the test...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:15
Abstract Background and Aims Environmental fluctuations due to anthropogenic activities show negative effects on plant growth and crop production. Among the heavy metals, cadmium (Cd) pollution is most dangerous and is devastating most of the cultivable land. The current study evaluated the Cd induced toxicity in Lycopersicon esculentum plants and the mitigating role of rhizobacteria. Methods...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:15
Bioleaching, an alternative environmental smelting technology, typically uses high concentrations of heavy metal ions, especially in the subsequent phase, due to metal ion accumulation from the mineral. In this study, we analyzed the overall response of the bioleaching microorganism Acidithiobacillus caldus to copper stress through physiological and transcriptomic analyses. Scanning electron...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:14
Extracellular vesicles secreted by Gram-negative bacteria have proven to be important in bacterial defense, communication and host–pathogen relationships. They resemble smaller versions of the bacterial mother cell, with similar contents of proteins, LPS, DNA, and RNA. Vesicles can elicit a protective immune response in a range of hosts, and as vaccine candidates, it is of interest to properly...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:14
In the United States, the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables has increased during recent years as consumers seek to make healthier lifestyle choices. However, the number of outbreaks associated with fresh produce that involve cases in more than one state (multistate) has increased concomitantly. As the distance along the farm-to-fork continuum has lengthened over time, there are also more...

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