Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Sat, 10/17/2020 - 06:22
Author(s): Holly Montgomery, Simon A. Haughey, Christopher T. Elliott Milk and milk products play a vital role in diets around the globe. Due to their nutritional benefits there has been an increase in production and consumption over the past thirty years. For this growth to continue the safety and authenticity of dairy products needs to be maintained which is a huge area of concern. Throughout...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 06:21
Author(s): Sonal Chaple, Chaitanya Sarangapani, John Jones, Ed Carey, Lucie Causeret, Annaik Genson, Brendan Duffy, Paula Bourke Atmospheric cold plasma (ACP) has emerged as a novel processing technology, with demonstrated efficiencies in microbial inactivation. However, studies on the effects of ACP and potential to modify the functional properties of foods are sparse. The objective of this...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 06:17
Author(s): Bruno Elias dos Santos Costa, Nívia Maria Melo Coelho A noteworthy solid phase extraction procedure was developed for speciation of inorganic arsenic in rice samples using flow injection-hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry (FI-HG AAS). The procedure is based on the in-situ formation of quaternary ammonium salt as µ-sorbent. A small amount of tetra-n-butylammonium bromide...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 06:17
Author(s): Xiaohan Yang, Panpan Zhao, Yu Dong, Shiqi Chen, Hui Shen, Ge Jiang, Hai Zhu, Jingquan Dong, Song Gao Vibrio vulnificus is an important foodborne pathogenic bacterium that mainly contaminates seafood. Rapid and accurate technologies that suitable for on-site detection are critical for effective control of its spreading. Conventional detection methods and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 06:16
Author(s): Xinyue Yuan, Dianwei Zhang, Xuecheng Zhu, Huilin Liu, Baoguo Sun Manganese-doped zinc sulfide quantum dots (Mn-ZnS QDs) are promising candidates for multi-channel sensing analysis due to their multi-dimensional optical properties. In this study, we integrated amino-silane and ionic liquid co-modified Mn-ZnS QDs and covalent organic frameworks (COFs) into optosensing nanoparticles to...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 04:02
Carbendazim (CBZ), which is a fungicide widely used for the management of plant diseases, has been detected in a number of food products. The negative effects of CBZ to human health have stimulated the reduction of the maximum residue limits (MRLs), and subsequently the development of reliable and sensitive detection methods. Here, we are reviewing for the first time all reported chromatographic...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 02:02
Abstract Tolypocladium guangdongense is a high-value edible fungus with various medicinal and food safety properties. However, its evolutionary and genetic information is still limited. Mitochondrial genomes are potential models for molecular evolution and phylogenetic studies. In this study, we sequenced the complete mitogenome of T. guangdongense, demonstrating circular sequence of 46,102 bp,...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 02:02
Abstract In light of emerging antibiotic resistance, bacterial cell wall lytic enzymes are promising antimicrobial agents that degrade bacterial peptidoglycan while specifically recognizing the target bacterium. The efficacy of lytic enzymes against several multi-drug-resistant pathogens infecting humans has led to many efforts focused on in vivo therapeutic applications. However, the potential...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 02:02
Abstract Bacteriophage-based methods for the rapid detection of viable Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in veterinary specimens are a recent addition to the Johne’s disease diagnostic toolbox. Here, we report the use of D29 mycobacteriophage-coated tosylactivated paramagnetic beads to capture and concentrate MAP cells from samples (termed phagomagnetic separation, PhMS) and then...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 02:02
Owls are predators that perform important ecological functions. There are several threats to owl conservation such as the bioaccumulation of chemicals through environmental contamination. The high probability of bioaccumulation in these animals is related to their role as predators and high trophic positions. The objective of this study was to quantify four elements (cadmium, chromium, nickel,...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 02:02
Cenotes are naturally occurring flooded caves that are frequent in Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula; they result from the collapse of limestone bedrock into the regional groundwater table. Cenotes in Quintana Roo are important ecological and economic hot spots but are susceptible to anthropogenic pollution. In this study, we collected water samples from 11 cenotes over multiple years to evaluate...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 00:00
Multidrug resistance (MDR) often results from the acquisition of mobile genetic elements (MGEs) that encode MDR gene(s), such as conjugative plasmids. The spread of MDR plasmids is founded on their ability of horizontal transference, as well as their faithful inheritance in progeny cells. Here, we investigated the genetic factors involved in the prevalence of the IncI conjugative plasmid pESBL,...
Sat, 10/17/2020 - 00:00
The surveillance of antimicrobial resistance among humans and food-producing animals is important to monitor the zoonotic transmission of multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDRB). We assessed the prevalence of four MDRB within the meat production chain, including extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing, carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE) and colistin-resistant...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 22:13
Fast detection for heavy metal in vegetables is one of the most important steps to ensure the food safety. A novel method to identify lead pollution levels of lettuce based on hyperspectral image technology was proposed in this study. Firstly, hyperspectral images of lettuce samples cultivated under four lead stress levels (0 mg/L, 50 mg/L, 100 mg/L and 200 mg/L) were collected using...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 22:11
Endophytic fungi are broadly dispersed residing inside plant tissues and have been demonstrated as a treasure for bioactive natural products. Unexplored harsh and heavy metal contaminant habitat of Avicennia marina may have diverse and potential fungal association. Therefore, this work aimed to isolate the culturable fungal endophytes associated with leaves of A. marina and to evaluate their...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 22:11
Listeria monocytogenes is an opportunistic pathogen with the ability to adapt to different environmental conditions, resulting in safety issues for food producers. Foods contaminated by L. monocytogenes can represent a risk if consumed by susceptible individuals such as elderly, pregnant women and the immunocompromised. The aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic diversity of a collection...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 22:09
Aims This study aimed to evaluate the effects of three Bacillus probiotics on Salmonella Typhimurium, and interleukin‐8 (IL‐8) gene expression in the co‐culture of the Bacillus and the pathogen in vitro. Methods and Results Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus indicus, and Bacillus coagulans were initially turned to spore and heat‐inactivated forms. The cellular damages of the probiotics on the HT‐29...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 22:08
The expansion of the food industry, both on the national and the global stages, has resulted in complex collaborative networks and supply chains. The management culture adopted for food supply chains has an impact on the quality of the end product and the vitality of the involved businesses. In this report, we focus on the use of blockchain technology, and distributed ledgers in general, for...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 22:08
BACKGROUND Animal manure frequently harbors pathogenic microorganisms such as Salmonella spp and diarrheagenic Escherichia coli. A defined microbial consortium such as Effective Microorganisms (EM) can potentially be used as a biocontrol against manure‐borne human pathogens such as Salmonella and pathogenic E. coli. The objective of the study was to investigate the efficacy of EM to decontaminate...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 22:08
Background The largest and most profitable market for citrus is the production of fresh fruit. Xanthomonas citri ssp. citri (X. citri) is a Gram‐negative plant pathogen and the etiological agent of citrus canker, one of the major threats to citrus production world‐wide. In the early stages of infection, X. citri can attach to plant surfaces by means of biofilms. Biofilm is considered an essential...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 18:03
Improper municipal solid waste management in the past has landed most of this waste in open dumps of India. This dumped waste has a negative effect on the environment and human health and needs to be reclaimed either for material/energy recovery or to create space for future waste management. Since nearly half of the waste in dumpsites can be classified as fine fraction, in-depth knowledge of its...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 18:02
Arsenic, a major environmental toxicant and pollutant, is a global public health concern. Among its many adverse effects, arsenic is immunotoxic, but its effects on human neutrophil functions are not yet well-defined. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the in vitro effects of acute low-dose NaAsO2 exposure on human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) for 12 h on the following innate defense...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 16:00
Fusarium head blight (FHB), a devastating wheat disease, results in loss of yield and production of mycotoxins including deoxynivalenol (DON) in infected grains. DON is harmful to human and animal health and facilitates the spread of FHB symptoms. Its conversion into DON-3-glucoside (D3G) by UDP-glycosyltransferases (UGTs) is correlated with FHB resistance, and only few gene members in wheat have...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 16:00
Microbiota coexists in true symbiosis with the host playing pivotal roles as a key element for well-being and health. Exopolysaccharides from lactic acid bacteria are an alternative as novel potential prebiotics that increase microbiota diversity. Considering this, the aim of the present work was to evaluate the capacity of the EPS produced by two L. paracasei strains isolated from kefir grains,...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 16:00
In this study, we report the presence of a microbial community of bioremediation potential in terms of relative abundance and taxonomic biodiversity in sediment samples of river Ganga and Yamuna, India at nine different sites. Metagenomic libraries were constructed using TruSeq Nano DNA Library Prep Kit and sequenced on NextSeq 500 by Illumina Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technology....
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 16:00
Swine wastewater contains high concentrations of organic compounds, nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus), heavy metals, and residual antibiotics, amongst others, that have negative impacts on the water environment. The main aim of this work was to remove nutrients from anaerobically digested swine wastewater using an intermittent cycle extended aeration system (ICEAS). The effects of operational...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 10:01
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) is caused by PirAB toxin-producing Vibrio parahaemolyticus and has devastated the global shrimp aquaculture industry. One approach for preventing the growth of AHPND-producing Vibrio spp. is through the application of beneficial bacteria capable of inhibiting these pathogens. In this study, we focused on the inhibitory activity of Bacillus...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 10:01
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is a prevalent incitant of enteritis in human beings and nonhuman animals. It has been proposed that host defense responses incited by Salmonella allow the bacterium to overcome colonization resistance. Piglets (n = 24) were orally inoculated with S. enterica serovar Typhimurium DT104 or buffer alone, and the host and microbial responses were temporally...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 10:01
In the present study, a deep-sea bacterial strain designated Bacillus sp. strain wsm-1 was screened and found to exhibit strong antifungal activity against many plant-pathogenic fungi, and corresponding antifungal agents were thereby purified and determined by tandem mass spectrometry to be two cyclic lipopeptide homologs. These homologs, which were different from any previously reported...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 10:01
Contamination of soil and water with heavy metals and metalloids is a serious environmental problem. Cadmium and arsenic are major environmental contaminants that pose a serious threat to human health. Although toxicities of cadmium and arsenic to living organisms have been extensively studied, the molecular mechanisms of cellular responses to cadmium and arsenic remain poorly understood. In this...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 10:01
The risk of petroleum spills coupled with the potential application of chemical dispersants as a spill response strategy necessitates further understanding of the fate of oil and dispersants and their interactive effects during biodegradation. Using Arctic seawater mesocosms amended with either crude oil, Corexit 9500, or both together, we quantified the chemical losses of crude oil and Corexit...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 06:09
Author(s): Benjamin Duqué, Justine Canon, Nabila Haddad, Sandrine Guillou, Jeanne-Marie Membré Predictive modelling is used in microbiological risk assessment to quantify the growth and inactivation of microorganisms through the use of mathematical models. Campylobacter jejuni is one of the main foodborne pathogens and broiler meat is considered as the most important source of human...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): Cheng Xu, Zhenkun Weng, Liye Zhang, Jin Xu, Maginsh Dahal, Til Bahadur Basnet, Aihua Gu Evidence from previous studies has shown that exposure to metals is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the association between metal mixtures and CVD risk and the potential mechanisms in epidemiologic studies remain unclear. The data of 14,795 adults who participated in the U.S....
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 04:02
Raw pet food, comprised of raw meat and vegetables, has increased in popularity in recent years. Multiple surveys and frequent recalls indicate that this commodity has a high risk of contamination with Salmonella and other foodborne pathogens. Improved screening methods are needed to meet the growing demand for testing. This matrix verification study aimed to apply a Salmonella loop-mediated...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 04:02
Red meat is associated with Salmonella outbreaks resulting in negative impacts for the processing industry. Little work has been reported on the use of dry heat as opposed to moist heat against Salmonella on red meat. We determined the effect of drying at 25°C and dry heat at 70°C with ~10% relative humidity (RH) for 1 h against eleven Salmonella strains of multiple serovars on beef, lamb, goat,...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 02:02
Chlorpyrifos is one of the most used insecticides in agro-ecosystems and is repeatedly applied due to the increase in pest resistance, which leads to environmental accumulation. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of chlorpyrifos on growth and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) production by four Aspergillus section Flavi strains, under different water conditions—aW (0.93, 0.95 and 0.98)—on maize-...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 02:02
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is a legacy contaminant that has been detected globally within the environment and throughout numerous species, including humans. Despite an international ban on its use, this unique contaminant continues to persist in organisms and their surroundings due to PFOS’s inability to breakdown into nontoxic forms resulting in bioaccumulation. In this study, we analyzed...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 02:01
The global SARS-CoV-2 pandemic dictates that anti-contagion strategies should become matters of essential routine in everyday life. Fomite transference is one of the routes of transmission that has been considered for this virus. However, the risks associated with contaminated surfaces of food packaging kept in refrigerators have not yet been adequately assessed. In this study, a surrogate virus...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 02:01
This paper describes a novel strategy based on fluorescence energy transfer (FRET) with green synthesis of carbon quantum dots (CQDs) and gold nanoparticles (GNPs) for the detection of one of the most pathogenic bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). Novel green CQDs with blue color emission and high quantum yield were synthesized from olive leaves via the hydrothermal method. The...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 02:01
Melamine adulteration is a fraudulent practice to increase the protein content of food in some areas of the world. In 2008, many babies in China suffered from serious illness and death because of melamine-tainted powdered infant formula. The issue prompted researchers to develop methods on detecting melamine in milk powder. Optical spectroscopy technologies have been proven to be effective in...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 02:01
Fresh-cut lettuce, stored in modified atmosphere packaging (MAP), is a frequent component of bagged salads. However, even in MAP, fresh-cut lettuce is highly perishable due to non-microbial deterioration manifested by tissue liquefaction. The present study investigated the effects of plant physiology, lettuce processing, storage conditions, and exogenous stimuli on the deterioration of fresh-cut...
Fri, 10/16/2020 - 00:00
The emergence of multidrug resistance (MDR), including colistin resistance, among Enterobacteriaceae recovered from food animals poses a serious public health threat because of the potential transmission of these resistant variants to humans along the food chain. Village chickens or Ayam Kampung are free-range birds and are preferred by a growing number of consumers who consider these chickens to...
Thu, 10/15/2020 - 22:09
ABSTRACT Light represents a signal in the regulation of virulence in many microbial pathogens. Two stone fruit, nectarines and cherries, were used to investigate the light influence on brown caused by Monilinia laxa. Three single‐spore strains were inoculated on nectarines and incubated under different white lights, red light, blue light, green light, and black light with two photoperiods. To...
Thu, 10/15/2020 - 22:09
The most lethal malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, rapidly adapts to acquire drug resistance. For the first time, we report that highly resistant Plasmodium parasites carry additional copies of resistance‐conferring genes separate from the genome, which are known as extra‐chromosomal DNA (ecDNA). This finding provides a new model to study a fundamental mechanism of adaptation that is...
Thu, 10/15/2020 - 16:00
Practices in intensive animal farming such as the extensive use of antimicrobials have significant impacts on the genetic make-up of bacterial communities, especially on that of human/animal commensals. In this report, whole genome sequencing of two vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) isolates from a cattle feedlot in the North West Province, South Africa, was used to highlight the threats...
Thu, 10/15/2020 - 16:00
Yeasts are generally recognized as contaminants in the production of white-brined cheeses, such as Feta and Feta-type cheeses. The most predominant yeasts species are Debaryomyces hansenii, Geotrichum candidum, Kluyveromyces marxianus, Kluyveromyces lactis, Rhodotorula mucilaginosa, and Trichosporon spp. Although their spoilage potential varies at both species and strain levels, yeasts will, in...
Thu, 10/15/2020 - 16:00
The classical bordetellae possess several partially characterized virulence mechanisms that are studied in the context of a complete extracellular life cycle in their mammalian hosts. Yet, classical bordetellae have repeatedly been reported within dendritic cells (DCs) and alveolar macrophages in clinical samples, and in vitro experiments convincingly demonstrate that the bacteria can survive...
Thu, 10/15/2020 - 16:00
This study aimed to explore the activity of combined antimicrobials in vitro, and the relationship among resistance mechanisms, antimicrobial regimens, and the clinical outcome of patients with carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) infections in western China. A total of 89 CRAB strains were collected from patients with CRAB infection from January 2018 to June 2018. The checkerboard...
Thu, 10/15/2020 - 16:00
The present study investigated the genomic constitution and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of 238 Campylobacter from pigs and wild boars in Italy between 2012 and 2019. Campylobacter strains were genotyped using multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and whole genome MLST (wgMLST), screened for antimicrobial resistance genes, and tested for phenotypic susceptibility to six different antibiotics. C....
Thu, 10/15/2020 - 16:00
The most common bacterial cause of pharyngitis is infection by Group A β-hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS), commonly known as strep throat. 5–15% of adults and 15–35% of children in the United States with pharyngitis have a GABHS infection. The symptoms of GABHS overlap with non-GABHS and viral causes of acute pharyngitis, complicating the problem of diagnosis. A careful physical examination and...

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