Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Mon, 01/11/2021 - 16:00
Capsule-forming extracellular polysaccharides are crucial for bacterial host colonization, invasion, immune evasion, and ultimately pathogenicity. Due to warming ocean waters and human encroachment of coastal ecosystems, Vibrio parahaemolyticus has emerged as a globally important foodborne enteropathogen implicated in acute gastroenteritis, wound infections, and septic shock. Conventionally, the...
Mon, 01/11/2021 - 16:00
Pasteurella multocida can invade and translocate through endothelial cells and result in vascular-system infection, which can cause severe economic losses in the poultry industry. Antibacterial therapy (especially florfenicol) plays an important part in controlling P. multocida infection. To preserve the effect of florfenicol, in vivo pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) modeling of...
Mon, 01/11/2021 - 16:00
Development of novel anti-tuberculosis combination regimens that increase efficacy and reduce treatment timelines will improve patient compliance, limit side-effects, reduce costs, and enhance cure rates. Such advancements would significantly improve the global TB burden and reduce drug resistance acquisition. Bioenergetics has received considerable attention in recent years as a fertile area for...
Mon, 01/11/2021 - 14:02
Foodborne pathogens are the main cause of human foodborne diseases and pose a serious threat to food safety. The control of them has always been a significant issue in food industry. With good biocompatibility and stability, nanomaterials display excellent bactericidal properties against many kinds of bacteria. In this review, the generation and application of nanostructures as antibacterial in...
Mon, 01/11/2021 - 12:00
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a leading cause of acute liver failure. Reliable and translational biomarkers are needed for early detection of DILI. microRNAs (miRNAs) have received wide attention as a novel class of potential DILI biomarkers. However, it is unclear how DILI drugs other than acetaminophen may influence miRNA expression or which miRNAs could serve as useful biomarkers in...
Mon, 01/11/2021 - 12:00
Chemical modifications of proteins, DNA, and RNA moieties play critical roles in regulating gene expression. Emerging evidence suggests the RNA modifications (epitranscriptomics) have substantive roles in basic biological processes. One of the most common modifications in mRNA and noncoding RNAs is N6-methyladenosine (m6A). In a subset of mRNAs, m6A sites are preferentially enriched near stop...
Mon, 01/11/2021 - 12:00
Methods to assess environmental exposure to hazardous chemicals have primarily focused on quantification of individual chemicals, although chemicals often occur in mixtures, presenting challenges to the traditional risk characterization framework. Sampling sites in a defined geographic region provide an opportunity to characterize chemical contaminants, with spatial interpolation as a tool to...
Mon, 01/11/2021 - 06:05
Author(s): Jing Zhuang, Xiaoyue Ji, Yue Zhu, Wei Liu, Jing Sun, Xinan Jiao, Xiulong Xu Autophagy plays an important role in restricting the growth of invading intracellular microbes. Salmonella (S) Typhimurium, an intracellular pathogen that causes gastroenteritis and food poisoning in humans, evades autophagic detection by multiple mechanisms. There has been growing interest in developing...
Mon, 01/11/2021 - 02:01
Foodborne zoonotic trematode (FZT) infections are common neglected tropical diseases in Southeast Asia. Their complicated life cycles involve freshwater snails as intermediate hosts. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Yen Bai and Thanh Hoa provinces in North and Central Vietnam, to investigate the diversity of cercariae of potential FZT and to construct the phylogenetic relationship of...
Mon, 01/11/2021 - 00:00
The emerging spread of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE) strains, in particular, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli, has become a significant threat to hospitalized patients. Carbapenemase genes are frequently located on plasmids than can be exchanged among clonal strains, increasing the antibiotic resistance rate. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of CPE...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 22:07
Exudative epidermatitis (EE) or greasy pig disease (GPD) is a contagious disease of pig and endemic worldwide caused by toxigenic strains under genus Staphylococcus. The present study reported an outbreak of GPD in Champhai district of Mizoram adjoining to the southern border of Myanmar. A total of 60 samples were collected from 22 clinically affected animals and processed for isolation and...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 22:06
To cope with the presence of unfavorable compounds, plants are capable to biotransform xenobiotics, translocate both parent compounds and metabolites, perform compartmentation and segregation at cellular or tissue level. Such a scenario also applies to mycotoxins, fungal secondary metabolites with a preeminent role in plant infection. In this work, we aimed to describe the effect of the interplay...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 22:05
BACKGROUND Fermentation, a traditional food preserving technique and an effective process, widely used to enrich the nutrients diversity and bioactivity of the fermented foods since ancient times. This study aimed at investigating the effects of various fermentation starters on the physicochemical, antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antidiabetic properties of the blueberry juices. The blueberry...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 22:05
Background In recent years high‐pressure processing (HPP) of fruit products has steadily increased due to antimicrobial effectiveness and the retention of nutritional and quality attributes compared to conventional thermal technologies. Edible coatings are already being used to enhance the quality of minimally processed fruits. Thus, apple cubes (AC) and alginate‐vanillin coated apple cubes (AVAC...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 16:00
The porcine respiratory tract harbours multiple microorganisms, and the interactions between these organisms could be associated with animal health status. Pasteurella multocida is a culturable facultative anaero...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 06:06
Author(s): Renata Galetti, Rafael Antonio Casarin Penha Filho, Joseane Cristina Ferreira, Alessandro M. Varani, Pavelas Sazinas, Lars Jelsbak, Ana Lúcia Costa Darini The rapid emergence of resistant bacteria is occurring worldwide. The understanding of the dissemination of antimicrobial resistance using high-throughput sequencing and bioinformatics approaches is providing valuable insights into...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 06:06
Author(s): Li Ma, Yuhong Li, Lei Yao, Hongmei Du Previous studies on the distribution patterns and health risks of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from cities were focused on soils, leaving the soil-plant system less investigated. In this study, PAHs in the soil-turfgrass system in the urban area of the megacity Shanghai were investigated. The results indicated that total PAH...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 06:05
Author(s): Basharat Yousuf, Shimin Wu, Mohammed Wasim Siddiqui Background Fruits and vegetables constitute an integral part of diet for humans. Quality, safety and extended shelf life are important aspects governing the availability and acceptability of both fresh and fresh-cut agricultural produce. Among various approaches to ensure the uninterrupted and safe supply of fresh/fresh-cut fruits...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 06:05
Author(s): Sangha Han, Pantu Kumar Roy, Iqbal Hossain, Kye-Hwan Byun, Changsun Choi, Sang-Do Ha Background The COVID-19 pandemic that emerged in 2019 has imposed huge consequences, including economic losses and threats to human health, which are still affecting many aspects throughout the world. Scope and approach This review provides an overview of SARS-CoV-2 infection, the cause of COVID-19,...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 06:05
Author(s): Jiafeng Pan, Zhi Liu, Junhua Chen As bisphenol A (BPA) is harmful to human health, it is of great significance to develop a new method for BPA detection. Herein, we designed a BPA biosensor by integrating an amplifying DNA circuit with Mg2+-dependent DNAzyme into the sensing system. The BPA-aptamer binding activated a DNA circuit for signal amplification based on toehold-mediated...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 06:04
Author(s): Issam Saidi, Fatma Guesmi, Oussama Kharbech, Najla Hfaiedh, Wahbi Djebali In the present work, the effect of seed pre-soaking with gallic acid (GA; 3,4,5-triphydroxyl-benzoic acid) in conferring subsequent tolerance to Cd stress in sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seedlings was investigated. Exposing sunflower seedlings to increasing Cd concentrations (5, 10 and 20 μM) caused a gradual...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 02:01
Selenium is a trace element necessary for the growth of organisms. Moreover, selenium supplementation can improve the immunity and fertility of the body, as well as its ability to resist oxidation, tumors, heavy metals, and pathogenic microorganisms. However, owing to the duality of selenium, excessive selenium supplementation can cause certain toxic effects on the growth and development of the...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 02:01
Polyaromatic hydrocarbons are highly stable and can easily permeate through biological membranes due to their lipophilic nature. They are characterized by their ability to act at the site of application and even at sites distant to the zone of application. Any contamination associated with aquatic bodies due to the presence of PAHs can be assessed by investigating biochemical changes. The most...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 02:01
Postharvest preservation and storage have a crucial impact on the technological quality and safety of grain. The important threat to stored grain quality and nutritional safety of cereal products is mould development and their toxic metabolites, mycotoxins. Models based on predictive microbiology, which are able to estimate the kinetics of fungal growth, and thus, the risks of mycotoxin...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 00:00
Mycotoxin contamination causes significant economic loss to food and feed industries and seriously threatens human health. Aflatoxins (AFs) are one of the most harmful mycotoxins, which are produced by Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus, and other fungi that are commonly found in the production and preservation of grain and feed. AFs can cause harm to animal and human health due to their...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 00:00
This study aimed to detect and quantify mycotoxins on building materials using innovative laser mass spectroscopy methods—silver-109/silver/gold nanoparticle-enhanced target surface-assisted laser desorption/ionisation mass spectrometry (109AgNPs, AgNPs and AuNPs SALDI). Results from SALDI-type methods were also compared with commonly used matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (...
Sun, 01/10/2021 - 00:00
The aim of this study was to investigate the opinions of meat consumers (n = 1780) on on-farm management of unhealthy pigs, whether support for treatment with antibiotics varies according with chance of recovery, and the effect of knowledge on the use of antibiotics on these opinions. Most participants believed that the use of antibiotics was the best solution for unhealthy pigs, and this was...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 22:06
Aims A. hydrophila is a zoonotic pathogen displaying resistance to multiple antibiotics. Here we aim to develop a candidate biocontrol agent against A. hydrophila. Methods and results In this study, we isolated and characterized the phage vB‐AhyM‐AP1 from sewage. It showed lytic activity against A. hydrophila strains. One‐step growth curve revealed that the latent period lasted for 40 min. The...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 22:05
ABSTRACT Background Nanoscale tapioca starch (NTS) was successfully developed by high speed jet in our previous study. In this study, the adsorption capacity of Cu2+ onto NTS was further discussed. The optimal adsorption conditions ( pH, contact time, contact temperature, Initial Cu2+ concentration, and adsorbent concentration), adsorption kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamic were also evaluated...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 22:05
BACKGROUND α‐lactalbumin (α‐La) was of great interest to the industry due to its excellent functional properties and nutritional value. Aqueous two‐phase flotation (ATPF) of thermo‐sensitive polymer poly (ethylene glycol‐ran‐propylene glycol) monobutyl ether (UCON) and KH2PO4 was applied to directly separate and purify α‐La from milk whey, which was purposed to simplify the production process and...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 12:00
ABSTRACT Biofilm is a predominant lifestyle of bacteria that comprises of cells as collectives enmeshed in a polymeric matrix. Biofilm formation is vital for bacterial species as it provides access to nutrients and protects the cells from environmental stresses. Here we show that interference in biofilm matrix production is a strategy by the competing bacterial species to reduce the ability of...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 08:01
by Omar Assafiri, Adelene Ai-Lian Song, Geok Hun Tan, Irwan Hanish, Amalia Mohd Hashim, Khatijah Yusoff Klebsiella pneumoniae are opportunistic bacteria found in the gut. In recent years they have been associated with nosocomial infections. The increased incidence of multiple drug-resistant K. pneumoniae makes it necessary to find new alternatives to treat the disease. In this study, phage...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 06:11
Author(s): Jesús Sevillano Caño, Fernando Cámara Martos, Ricardo Zamora-Díaz, Jesús Salvador Sevillano–Morales Consumption of Pb-contaminated game meat is a concern for the population, as it poses a potential risk to consumer health. Thus, this study is aimed at determining Pb content in muscle tissue of migratory birds, evaluating the influence of the use of Pb ammunition on the content of this...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 06:11
Author(s): Chao Liao, Luxin Wang The native bacterial populations present in three brands of Spring Mix salads (brands A, B, and C) were analyzed by plating and 16S rRNA gene sequencing during 15 days of storage at 4°C. While the traditional plating method did not show significant differences among three brands or between before and after storage, 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that the “brand”...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 06:09
Author(s): Shabir Ahmad Mir, B.N. Dar, Manzoor Ahamd Shah, Sajad Ahmad Sofi, Afshan Mumtaz Hamdani, Carlos A.F. Oliveira, Motahareh Hashemi Moosavi, Amin Mousavi Khaneghah, Anderson S. Sant'Ana Emerging decontamination technologies have been attracted considerable attention to address the consumers' demand for high quality and safe food products. As one of the important foods in the human diet,...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 06:09
Author(s): D. Tardieu, A. Travel, C. Le Bourhis, J.-P. Metayer, A. Mika, D. Cleva, C. Boissieu, P. Guerre Previous studies using zearalenone (ZEN) and fumonisins (FB) revealed alpha-zearalanol (α-ZOL) and FB1 in the liver of turkeys and chickens with no sign of toxicity. The aim of the present study was to determine whether contamination persists after distribution of a mycotoxin-free diet for...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 06:08
Author(s): Shengsheng Li, Ruixue Ma, Xiaohui Zhu, Chang Liu, Liangzhong Li, Ziling Yu, Xichao Chen, Zongrui Li, Yan Yang Microplastics (MPs) and halogenated organic pollutants coexist in ambient water and MPs tend to sorb organic pollutants from surrounding environments. Herein, a study on the sorption behavior of tetrabromobisphenol-A (TBBPA) onto four different MPs, namely, polyethylene (PE),...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 02:01
Abstract Traditionally smoked shrimps are highly contaminated with carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The effect of precooking methods such as boiling (7 and 15 min) and steaming (15 and 20 min) on shrimp smoking effectiveness was investigated through smoking duration and the change of moisture, protein content, and PAHs contamination. The consumer’s perception of derived...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 02:01
This study is aimed at investigation of various potential contaminants (arsenic, mercury and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) content in soils of different landscapes of Eastern Antarctica ice-free areas. Our data not only showed that intensive human impact might result in significant direct contamination of surrounding landforms, but also revealed a specific role of ornithogenic transport in...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 02:01
Hemp is one of the most complete plants for industrial and consumer purposes. In the food industry, the main hemp product is the seed oil, which contains a wide spectrum of compounds such as amino acids and fatty acids that are essential for human health. Given its growing consumption, systematic studies were undertaken for the quantification of toxic elements (As, Cd, and Pb) in hemp products,...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 02:01
Abstract Aims We propose a thorough study of the succulent halophyte Sarcocornia carinata endemic to the saline lagoons of the center of the Iberian Peninsula. We describe its elemental composition and possible seasonal variation in relation to edaphic and climatic variables, identify biominerals and analyze the distribution of salt ions and biominerals in tissue. Methods Plants and edaphic...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 00:00
Cylindrospermopsin (CYN) is a widely spread cyanotoxin that can occur in fresh water and food. This research aims to investigate CYN toxicity by studying the effects of drinking 0.25 nM of CYN-contaminated water from a natural source, and of the direct application of moderate concentrations of CYN on different animal targets. The chosen structures and activities are rat mitochondria inner...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 00:00
Novel optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy (OWLS)-based immunosensor formats were developed for label-free detection of Fusarium mycotoxin zearalenone (ZON). To achieve low limits of detection (LODs), both immobilised antibody-based (direct) and immobilised antigen-based (competitive) assay setups were applied. Immunoreagents were immobilised on epoxy-, amino-, and carboxyl-functionalised...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 00:00
Since its initial approval in 1989 by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of blepharospasm and other facial spasms, botulinum toxin (BoNT) has evolved into a therapeutic modality for a variety of neurological and non-neurological disorders. With respect to neurologic movement disorders, BoNT has been reported to be effective for the treatment of dystonia, bruxism, tremors, tics...
Sat, 01/09/2021 - 00:00
Clostridium perfringens is a serious threat to successful bovine farming. It causes severe damage to the buffalo and cattle health causing a drastic reduction in milk and meat production. In Pakistan, C. perfringens is a constant threat, and for its management, antibiotics are mostly used. Most bovine farmers use a single antibiotic to suppress the bacterial infection which in turn, increases the...
Fri, 01/08/2021 - 22:07
Background The global epidemiology and resistomes dynamics of multidrug‐resistant Citrobacter spp., Enterobacter hormaechei, Klebsiella variicola, Morganella morganii, Proteus mirabilis and Providencia spp. have not been described, despite their importance as emerging opportunistic clinical pathogens. Methods The genomes of the above‐mentioned organisms were curated from PATRIC and NCBI and used...
Fri, 01/08/2021 - 22:06
Aim To investigate the occurrence of ESBL and colistin‐resistant E. coli and its genotypic characterization and identification of virulence determinants in cases of bovine mastitis in three provinces of China. Materials & methods Five hundred and thirty‐five milk samples presenting mastitis symptoms were screened for the presence of ESBL, colistin‐resistant, and different virulence genes....
Fri, 01/08/2021 - 16:00
Mosses number about 13,000 species and are an important resource for the study of the plant evolution that occurred during terrestrial colonization by plants. Recently, the physiological and metabolic characteristics that distinguish mosses from terrestrial plants have received attention. In the Arctic, in particular, mosses developed their own distinct physiological features to adapt to the...
Fri, 01/08/2021 - 16:00
The açai palm (Euterpe oleracea) is native to the Amazon basin, a humid tropical forest. High levels of total mesophilic bacteria with high diversity have been consistently reported in açai fruits. As local consumers have few digestive problems, the results of the present study reveal the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) recovered from açai fruits with characteristics that suggest they are possible...
Fri, 01/08/2021 - 16:00
The rapid emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria is a global health problem. Mobile genetic elements like conjugative plasmids, transposons, and integrons are the major players in spreading resistance genes in uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) pathotype. The E. coli BH100 strain was isolated from the urinary tract of a Brazilian woman in 1974. This strain presents two plasmids...

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