Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:14
Our previous study showed that the srfABC operon, which was originally identified in Salmonella enterica as an SsrB-regulated operon clustered with the flagellar class 2 operon, exhibited significant cytotoxicity against insect midgut CF-203 cells and injectable insecticidal activity against Helicoverpa armigera larvae. The srfABC operon was widely distributed among bacteria, which raises the...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:14
Consumption of fruit juice is becoming trendy for consumers seeking freshness and high vitamin and low caloric intake. Mycotoxigenic moulds may infect fruits during crop growth, harvest, and storage leading to mycotoxin production. Many mycotoxins are resistant to food processing, which make their presence in the final juice product very likely expected. In this way, the presence of 30 mycotoxins...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:14
Tetanus and botulinum neurotoxins are the most poisonous substances known, so much so as to be considered for a possible terrorist use. At the same time, botulinum neurotoxin type A1 is successfully used to treat a variety of human syndromes characterized by hyperactive cholinergic nerve terminals. The extreme toxicity of these neurotoxins is due to their neurospecificity and to their...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:14
The current study investigated the emergence of multidrug-resistance (MDR), extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg in broiler chickens and workers in poultry farms. A total of 33 S. Heidelberg isolates were recovered; 24 from the broiler cloacal swabs and 9 from the farm workers. All the S. Heidelberg isolates were tested for susceptibility to 11...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:14
Melons are perishable fruit of high food safety risk, grown in contact with soil and soil-borne organisms. To assess whether food safety risk could be augmented by the presence of soil-borne fungi, this study investigated the relationship between Fusarium spp. that were isolated from the surface of melon and the foodborne pathogen Salmonella enterica. In four repeated trials, rind discs from...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:14
Livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) belonging to clonal complex 398 is recognized as an occupational hazard for workers employed in intensive animal husbandry, especially in th...
Sat, 11/23/2019 - 03:14
Polyphenols are a group of active ingredients in olive oil, and have been reported to exhibit antioxidant activity. Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium (Salmonella Typhimurium) and Staphylococcus aureus are common foodborne pathogens causing serious infections and food poisoning in humans. This study was conducted to analyze the antibacterial activity of olive oil polyphenol...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
by Jelena Prpić, Tomislav Keros, Marko Vucelja, Linda Bjedov, Oktavija Đaković Rode, Josip Margaletić, Boris Habrun, Lorena Jemeršić Since the role of wild rodents/small mammals in hepatitis E virus (HEV) epidemiology has been a subject of considerable debate, this study was conducted to investigate the potential presence of HEV RNA in small rodents collected within their natural habitats and to...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
Pathogenic Leptospira species represent a major concern for livestock but also for human health, as they cause zoonotic infections. Forty strains representing L. interrogans, L. borgpetersenii, and L. noguchii were isolated from naturally infected cattle in Uruguay. Here, we report the whole-genome sequences for these strains.
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
The emergence of multidrug-resistant bacterial strains in diverse settings has been reported globally. In the Philippine shrimp aquaculture industry, antibiotics are used for the treatment of bacterial diseases during the production cycle. We report the draft genome of Vibrio parahaemolyticus PH698, a multidrug-resistant strain isolated from a Philippine shrimp farm.
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
Here, we present data on the complete genome sequences of 11 Staphylococcus sp. isolates (three S. chromogenes isolates and one isolate each of S. saprophyticus, S. xylosus, S. hominis, S. agnetis, S. caprae, S. aureus, and S. warneri), obtained as part of a mastitis study of buffalo milk (from healthy animals and from those with subclinical mastitis) and milkers’ hands.
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
Accurate and rapid assessment of Candida auris antifungal drug resistance is crucial for effective infection prevention and control actions, as well as for patient management. Here, performance of a molecular diagnostic platform, enabling rapid identification of FKS1 and ERG11 mutations conferring echinocandin and azole resistance, respectively, was evaluated on a panel of clinical skin swabs....
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
Salmonella enterica is a natural bacterial pathogen of humans and animals that causes systemic infection or gastroenteritis. During systemic infection, Salmonella generally resides within professional phagocytes, typically macrophages, whereas gastroenteritis is caused by infection of epithelial cells. We are only beginning to understand which host pathways contribute to Salmonella survival in...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
In Enterobacteriaceae, quinolone resistance is largely attributed to mutations in the quinolone resistance-determining regions (QRDRs) of gyrA, gyrB, parC, and parE and plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes [e.g., qnr genes, aac(6′)-Ib-cr, or qepA]. The functionality of four qepA genes, designated qepA1 to qepA4, has been described in the literature (1–5); however, other qepA genes...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
qnr genes are found in aquatic bacteria and were present in the bacterial community before the introduction of synthetic quinolones. Their natural functions are unknown. We evaluated expression of chromosomal qnr in Vibrio species in response to environmental stresses and DNA-damaging agents. Subinhibitory concentrations of quinolones, but not other DNA-damaging agents, increased expression of...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
Nafithromycin (WCK 4873), a novel lactone-ketolide, was administered to healthy adult subjects in 2 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 1 studies. In the first-in-human study, single ascending oral doses of nafithromycin (100 to 1,200 mg) were administered to subjects under fasted or fed conditions, with effects of food on bioavailability of nafithromycin studied at the dose...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
Botulism is caused by botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT), the most poisonous substance known. BoNTs are also classified as tier 1 biothreat agents due to their high potency and lethality. The existence of seven BoNT serotypes (A to G), which differ by 35% to 68% in amino acid sequences, necessitates the development of serotype-specific countermeasures. We present results of a phase 1 clinical study of...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
Worldwide, tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death due to infection with a single pathogenic agent, Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In the absence of an effective vaccine, new, more powerful antibiotics are required to halt the growing spread of multidrug-resistant strains and to shorten the duration of TB treatment. However, assessing drug efficacy at the preclinical stage remains a long and...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
Multidrug efflux pumps play an important role in antibiotic resistance in bacteria. In Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the MexXY pump provides intrinsic resistance to many antimicrobials, including aminoglycosides. The expression of the mexXY operon is negatively regulated by the MexZ repressor. This repression is alleviated in response to antibiotic-induced ribosome stress, which results in increased...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
A large OXA-48 outbreak in The Netherlands involved the spread of OXA-48-producing Enterobacteriaceae among at least 118 patients, suggesting horizontal transfer of this resistance gene through one or more plasmids. Elucidating transmission dynamics of resistance plasmids is hampered by the low resolution of classic typing methods. This study aimed to investigate the molecular epidemiology of...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
Spores are required for long-term survival of many organisms, including most fungi. For the majority of fatal human fungal pathogens, spore germination is the key process required to initiate vegetative growth and ultimately cause disease. Because germination is required for pathogenesis, the process could hold fungus-specific targets for new antifungal drug development. Compounds that inhibit...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
Antimalarial drug resistance is a substantial impediment to malaria control. The spread of resistance has been described using genetic markers, which are important epidemiological tools. We carried out a temporal analysis of changes in allele frequencies of 12 drug resistance markers over 2 decades of changing antimalarial drug policy in Kenya. We did not detect any of the validated kelch 13 (k13...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
Valganciclovir, the ganciclovir prodrug, is an antiviral agent administered orally to prevent or treat cytomegalovirus infection in solid-organ transplant recipients. The valganciclovir dosing regimen in children is still controversial, as the number of patients reaching the area under the concentration-time curve at steady state (AUCss) target (40 to 60 mg·h/liter) remains highly variable...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:25
Globally, more people die annually from tuberculosis than from any other single infectious agent. Unfortunately, there is no commercially available vaccine that is sufficiently effective at preventing the acquisition of pulmonary tuberculosis in adults. In this study, preexposure prophylactic pulmonary delivery of active aerosolized antituberculosis bacteriophage D29 was evaluated as an option...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Tiago de Melo Nazareth, Manuel Alonso-Garrido, Oana Stanciu, Jordi Mañes, Lara Manyes, Giuseppe MecaAbstractThe goals of this study were to determine the efficacy of allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) against the growth of A. flavus and Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) production as well as to evaluate changes in the transcriptome profile when colonizing maize. A. flavus was inoculated in potato dextrose...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Xingmin Wang, Yonghong Yang, Mark M. HuyckeAbstractProbiotics are naturally occurring microorganisms that confer health benefits by altering host commensal microbiota, modulating immunity, enhancing intestinal barrier function, or altering pain perception. Enterococci are human and animal intestinal commensals that are used as probiotics and in food production. These microorganisms,...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Xiaojing Tian, Yi Liu, Qianqian Yu, Lele Shao, Xingmin Li, Ruitong DaiAbstractTo investigate the inactivation mechanism of ohmic heating (OH) on Escherichia coli O157:H7 at the same inactivation levels, a label-free quantitative proteomic approach was employed in this study. Quantification of 2633 proteins was obtained with high confidence. Compared to untreated samples (CT), a total...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:24
Author(s): Paula Vasconcelos Costa, Luiza Vasconcellos, Ingrid Camelo da Silva, Valéria de Mello Medeiros, Stephen James Forsythe, Marcelo Luiz Lima BrandãoAbstractThe aim of this study was to evaluate the microbiological quality of 45 samples of corn-based farinaceous foods commercialized in Brazil. The bacteriological analysis performed were: detection of Salmonella and Cronobacter, and...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:23
Author(s): Ling Jin, Ting Li, Bin Wu, Tan Yang, Dengchao Zou, Xuehua Liang, Liwen Hu, Ganhui Huang, Jinsheng ZhangAbstractEstablishing an efficient and rapid detection method to monitor and control Salmonella is of great significance for ensuring food safety. Here we prepared a new time domain nuclear magnetic resonance (TD-NMR) biosensor based on superparamagnetic nanoparticle (SMN) with...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): Erpeng Wang, Zhifeng Gao, Yan Heng, Lijia ShiAbstractMany food regulations focus on test/measurement indicators, such as hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP) and traceability, etc. Other than these indicators, the food industry uses various cues such as product origin as indicators of product quality. However, in an environment where consumers’ confidence in food safety...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:22
Author(s): L. Heras-González, J.A. Latorre, M. Martinez-Bebia, D. Espino, F. Olea-Serrano, M. Mariscal-ArcasAbstractPhytoestrogens are natural components of plants, including numerous foods that form part of the habitual diet of humans and animals. They have similar estrogenic effects to those of synthetic endocrine disrupters such as monomers of plastic materials, e.g., polycarbonates and epoxy...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): E. Mercken, I. Van Damme, A. Serradell, S. GabriëlAbstractAnisakidae are marine zoonotic nematodes with most commercial fish species as intermediate hosts. Both public health risks and socio-economic problems are attributed to these larvae. Despite these concerns, the occurrence of Anisakidae in commercial fish species in Belgium remains unknown. Therefore, the main objective of this...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Eloy Navarro-León, Juan Manuel Ruiz, Alfonso Albacete, Begoña BlascoAbstractCadmium (Cd) is one of the most toxic heavy metals that reduces crop productivity and is a threat to all the food chain including human health. Phytoremediation is an environmentally friendly strategy to clean up soil contaminated with heavy metals. Researchers are selecting new varieties with an enhanced...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Fuyu Guo, Changfeng Ding, Zhigao Zhou, Fengxiang Han, Ronggui Tang, Gaoxiang Huang, Xingxiang WangAbstractProper protocols for assessing the remediation effectiveness of contaminated soils are an important part of remediation projects. In the present study, the residual immobilization effectiveness of hydrated lime (L), hydroxyapatite (H), biochar (B) and organic fertilizer (F) alone...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Wankui Jiang, Qinqin Gao, Lu Zhang, Hui Wang, Mingliang Zhang, Xiaoan Liu, Yidong Zhou, Zhijian Ke, Chenglong Wu, Jiguo Qiu, Qing HongAbstractA novel carbofuran-degrading strain CFD-1 was isolated and preliminarily identified as Sphingbium sp. This strain was able to utilize carbofuran as the sole carbon source for growth. The carbofuran hydrolase gene cehA was cloned from strain CFD-1...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Biao Hu, Bin Tong, Ying Xiang, Se-Ruo Li, Zhu-Xia Tan, Hui-Xian Xiang, Lin Fu, Hua Wang, Hui Zhao, De-Xiang XuAbstract1-Nitropyrene (1-NP), a key component of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), is a representative of nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (NPAHs). The aim of this research is to investigate proinflammatory effects of acute 1-NP exposure in mouse lungs and human A549 ...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:16
DNA phosphorothioation is widely used in antisense drugs. DNA PT modification also exists in bacteria. Using a purified enzyme complex, we show here for the first time how the inert DNA backbone is activated for the exchanging of oxygen with sulfur. Abstract Phosphorothioation (PT) involves the replacement of a nonbridging phosphate oxygen on the DNA backbone with sulfur. In bacteria, the...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:16
Fluorescent pseudomonads colonizing wheat ears have a high antagonistic potential against phytopathogenic fungi. To check this hypothesis, the bacterial antagonist Pseudomonas simiae 9 rif+/kan+ was spray-inoculated onto the ears of winter wheat in a locally demarcated experimental field plot. Fusarium and Alternaria fungi naturally occurring on the ears and the formation of their mycotoxins in...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:15
The calix[4]resorcinarene macrocycles are excellent oligomers for the design of amphiphilic derivatives; they can form self-assemblies and stable sensing networks. Owing to their favorable properties, they are the focus of many exploitations and studies ranging from biological controls to heavy metal ion sensing. In this perspective, two calix[4]resorcinarene derivatives, namely: C-dec-9-en-1-...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:15
ABSTRACT Low pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) H9N2, highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1, and H5N8 circulate in Egyptian poultry and cause veterinary and public health burdens. In response, AIV vaccines are commonly used. The main objective of this study was to develop a broad, cross-protective, trivalent vaccine based on circulating AIVs in Egypt. We generated highly replicating...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:15
ABSTRACT We evaluated the combination of immunomagnetic separation (IMS), multiple displacement amplification (MDA), and real-time PCR to detect Salmonella from poultry environmental samples. The limits of detection (LODs) of IMS-MDA real-time PCR with different culture enrichment hours (0, 4, 6, and 8 h) were determined in artificially inoculated litter samples from a specific pathogen-free (...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:15
ABSTRACT Poultry meats can become contaminated with pathogenic bacteria through digesta leakage during processing. Reducing the bacteria load in digesta of market-aged broilers prior to processing reduces the incidence of fecal contamination at the processing plant. A lysozyme product was incorporated in a maltodextrin-based feed offered during the pre-shipping feed withdrawal period to reduce...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:15
Salmonella and Campylobacter are leading human foodborne pathogens commonly associated with poultry and poultry products, and several methods to control these pathogens have been applied to poultry production. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of CALSPORIN, (CSP), a direct-fed microbial (DFM), and yeast cell wall (Saccharomyces cervisiae, IMW50, a mannanoligosaccharide (MOS)-based...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:15
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to assess the effect of dietary yeast products on broiler chickens challenged with salmonella lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The chicks were divided into 8 treatments with 6 replicates and 9 birds per replicate. The treatments consisted of a positive control (PC) [without supplementation and not challenged]; negative control (NC) [without supplementation but...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:15
ABSTRACT Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are a major concern for public health, and broiler farms are a potential source of MRSA isolates. In this study, a total of 56 MRSA isolates from 15 broiler farms from 4 different counties in Germany were characterised phenotypically and genotypically. Spa types, dru types, SCCmec types, and virulence genes as well as resistance genes...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:15
ABSTRACT Salmonella enteritidis (S. enteritidis) infection has been recognized as one of the most common bacterial causes of human gastroenteritis worldwide and is closely associated with eggs. Slightly acidic electrolyzed water (SAEW) is an emerging environmentally friendly technology for disinfecting eggshell surfaces to remove dirt and pathogenic microorganisms. However, the efficiency of...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:15
ABSTRACT This study was performed to investigate the hypothesis that supplementation of processed lignocellulose (PL) in the diets of broilers has a positive effect on growing performance, pH value of gizzard, hepatic enzyme activity, immunologic indicators, histomorphological character of small intestine, and cecal microflora populations. A total of 720 one-day-old Ross 308 broiler chicks were...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:15
ABSTRACT This study was conducted to determine the effects of essential oils and organic acids (EOA) on Salmonella Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) challenged chickens. One-day-old specific pathogen-free (SPF) chicks (250) were randomly assigned to 5 groups, with 50 birds in each group. The treatment groups were as follows: 1) basal diet, negative control group (NC); 2) basal diet + S. Enteritidis,...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:15
ABSTRACT Chromium propionate (Cr Prop) is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Center for Veterinary Medicine for supplementation to broiler diets up to 0.20 mg Cr/kg diet. A 49-D study was conducted to: 1) determine the safety of Cr Prop when supplemented at 2 and 10 times (×) the approved feeding level over the normal life span of broilers, and 2) determine the effects of...
Fri, 11/22/2019 - 03:15
ABSTRACT Necrotic enteritis (NE) is a pervasive enteric disease responsible for large scale economic losses within the global poultry industry. The etiologic agent of NE is Clostridium perfringens (CP), an opportunistic pathogen that utilizes numerous extracellular toxins and glycoside hydrolases (GH) as key virulence and nutrient acquisition factors. Notably, some GH, mucinases, degrade...

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