Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

Sat, 01/11/2020 - 03:13
Salmonella Gallinarum only infects avian species, where it causes a severe systemic infection in birds of all ages. It is generally accepted that interaction with phagocytic cells plays an important role in the development of systemic, host-specific Salmonella infections. The current study detailed the interaction of S. Gallinarum with macrophages derived from chicken (HD11) and cattle (Bomac)...
Sat, 01/11/2020 - 03:13
Clostridium perfringens is an important human and animal pathogen that is the primary causative agent of necrotizing enteritis and enterotoxemia in many types of animals; it causes traumatic gas gangrene in humans and animals and is associated with cases of food poisoning in humans. C. perfringens produces a variety of toxins as well as many enzymes, including three sialidases, NanH, NanI, and...
Sat, 01/11/2020 - 03:13
Bisphenol A (BPA) is used for the production of plastics and epoxy resins, which are part of packaging materials for food and beverages, and can migrate into food and the environment, thus exposing human beings to its effects. Exposure to BPA has been associated with oxidative stress, cell cycle changes, and genotoxicity, and is mediated by its known endocrine-disrupting activity. Possible BPA...
Sat, 01/11/2020 - 03:13
Avian botulism is a serious neuroparalytic disease mainly caused by a type C/D botulinum neurotoxin produced by Clostridium botulinum group III, one of the entwined bacterial species from the Clostridium novyi sensu lato genospecies. Its isolation is very challenging due to the absence of selective media and the instability of the phage carrying the gene encoding for the neurotoxin. The present...
Sat, 01/11/2020 - 03:13
The milk bar is an emerging style of retail business that mainly produces pasteurized milk (PM) and other dairy products on-site in many large cities of the People's Republic of China. To date, no data about veterinary drug residues in PM samples produced from milk bars have been reported. The objective of this study was to investigate the safety of PM from a total of 182 PM samples collected...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:23
by Shagnika Das, Andres Aria, Jing-O Cheng, Sami Souissi, Jiang-Shiou Hwang, Fung-Chi Ko Sediment profile and mud shrimp (Austinogebia edulis) from the coastal wetland of central Taiwan in 2017 and 2018 were analyzed for concentration, source, and composition of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs),...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:23
by Soumendra Singh, Animesh Halder, Oindrila Sinha, Probir Kumar Sarkar, Priya Singh, Amrita Banerjee, Saleh A. Ahmed, Ahmed Alharbi, Rami J. Obaid, Sanjay K. Ghosh, Amitabha Mitra, Samir Kumar Pal Ultrasensitive detection of heavy metal ions in available water around us is a great challenge for scientists since long time. We developed an optical technique that combines Rayleigh scattering of UV...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:23
Hybrid assembly of Illumina and Oxford Nanopore sequencing was used here to produce the complete circular genome and plasmid sequences of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Enteritidis PT1 (phage type 1). The organism was obtained from the Salmonella Reference Laboratory at Public Health England, Colindale, UK.
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:22
Author(s): Tee K. Hock, Girma T. Chala, How H. ChengAbstractConventional sterilization in oil palm mill utilizes heat to soften the fresh-fruit bunch in a pressurized vessel to detach the mesocarp, kernel and nut from the fruitlet. It also inactivates the generation of lipase enzyme that triggers the formation of Free Fatty Acid (FFA) and breaks the oil-bearing cells for easier oil extraction....
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Liangzhi Qiao, Shasha Li, Yaling Li, Yi Liu, Kaifeng DuAbstractOne of the most important problems in adsorption of heavy metal ions is its slow adsorption kinetics resulting from the narrow pore structure of adsorbents. Herein, a novel superporous spherical cellulose adsorbent was fabricated by a facile yet effective preliminary chemical cross-linking strategy for high efficient...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Vinicius A.M. Nardi, Rafael Teixeira, Wagner Junior Ladeira, Fernando de Oliveira SantiniAbstractStudies investigating food safety risk perception (FSRP) have substantially increased in recent years, particularly because of recent cases of food contamination. Most studies analysed the effects of FSRP antecedents and their consequences but reported heterogeneous effects. To consolidate...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): José Luan da Paixão Teixeira, Elem Tamirys dos Santos Caramês, Débora Parra Baptista, Mirna Lúcia Gigante, Juliana Azevedo Lima PalloneAbstractGoat milk has a potential target of fraud. In this sense, Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) have been successfully used to detect food fraud. This study aimed to develop multivariate classification models using NIRS to detect adulterants in goat...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Vinaya Kizhakkepatt Kizhakkekalam, Kajal Chakraborty, Minju JoyABSTRACTThree homologous oxygenated elansolid-type of polyketide spanned macrolides were isolated from a heterotrophic marine bacterium, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens MTCC 12716 associated with an intertidal red alga Hypnea valentiae. We have sequenced the complete genome of the bacterium and analyzed all detectable natural...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Nadia Galizzi, Andrea Poli, Laura Galli, Camilla Muccini, Andrea Mastrangelo, Raffaele Dell'Acqua, Myriam Maillard, Simona Bossolasco, Paola Cinque, Adriano Lazzarin, Antonella Castagna, Nicola GianottiSummaryPurposeTo evaluate efficacy and drug-resistance mutations selected at virological failure (VF) in HIV-infected patients switched to dolutegravir plus rilpivirine (DTG+RPV) or...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Santosh Kumar, Avik Mukherjee, Joydeep DuttaAbstractBackgroundDemand for healthy and safe food with minimal use of synthetic inputs (including synthetic preservatives) is increasing rapidly. Plastic polymers being hazardous to the environment, significant efforts have been devoted to evaluate various bio-based polymers as alternatives to synthetic plastic packaging. Chitin and its...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:21
Author(s): Chunling Zhang, Zhiyi Zhao, Gaoji Yang, Yiqi Shi, Yuyu Zhang, Xiaodong Xia, Chao ShiAbstractMicrobial contamination of sprouts occurs easily because of the pathogens present on and in the seeds and the optimal conditions for bacteria growth provided during the germination and sprouting processes. This study examined the effect of using slightly acidic electrolyzed water (SAEW), a ‘...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:20
Author(s): Yaodi Zhu, Jiaye Zhang, Miaoyun Li, Lijun Zhao, Hongrong Ren, Longgnag Yan, Gaiming Zhao, Chaozhi ZhuAbstractThe Gram-positive, anaerobic, spore-forming bacterium, Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) causes a variety of diseases in humans and other animals. Spore germination is thought to be the first stage of infection by C. perfringens. AGFK, a mixture of l-asparagine, d-glucose...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:19
Author(s): Anastasia E. Lytou, Chrissanthi T. Renieri, Agapi I. Doulgeraki, George-John E. Nychas, Efstathios Z. PanagouAbstractThe prevalence of three pathogens in marinated chicken products and the evaluation of their quality by microbiological and sensory analysis were assessed. Eighty (80) samples obtained from several meat retail markets in Greece were analyzed for the presence of...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:19
Author(s): Olouwafemi Mistourath Mama, Liliana Morales, Laura Ruiz-Ripa, Myriam Zarazaga, Carmen TorresAbstractMethicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) CC398 is a livestock-associated (LA) lineage, mainly detected in swine. Its dissemination via the food-chain could be a food-safety issue. This work aimed to study the diversity of S. aureus lineages in pork-products, to determine the...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:19
Author(s): Dongyun Jung, Joseph E. RubinAbstractThe role of plant-based foods in the epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance has been inadequately studied. In this investigation, resistant organisms from vegetables, fruits and spices imported into Canada were identified and characterized. A total of 143 products imported from primarily Asian and African countries were purchased from...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:19
Author(s): Ramin Bahmani, Mahsa Modareszadeh, Mohammad reza BihamtaAbstractGiven the limitation of crop production in Cd-polluted areas, the identification and selection of plant genotypes tolerant to Cd stress are of great significance. In the present work, we show the existence of genotypic variation for Cd tolerance in common bean. The laboratory screening of 25 bean genotypes indicated a...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:19
LWT
Author(s): Qile Yang, Yifeng Ding, Ruonan Nie, Lan Yao, Xinyue Wang, Min Zhou, Jia Wang, Xiaohong WangAbstractSalmonella Typhimurium, one of the most common Salmonella spp. serovars, is recognized as a globally important foodborne pathogen. In this study, bacteriophage LPST144 against S. Typhimurium (ATCC13311) was isolated from sewage and selected owing to its excellent lytic capacity. After...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:19
LWT
Author(s): Zijin Zhou, Sophie Zuber, Matteo Campagnoli, Mireille Moser, Frank Devlieghere, Mieke UyttendaeleAbstractDrying technologies are often evaluated on their efficiency to remove moisture and impact on sensory quality of products. The decontamination effect against foodborne pathogens, however, is rarely investigated. This study investigated the inactivation of foodborne pathogens and...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:14
Mining is an important activity for many countries, especially some in development, such as Chile, where it is a pillar of its economy. However, it generates large impacts that are undesirable for the population such as the generation of polluting solid and effluents with a high content of heavy metals and metalloids, which are traditionally accumulated in deposits. In recent years, bionanomining...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:14
Abstract This article summarizes the current knowledge about the presence of naproxen in the environment, its toxicity to nontarget organisms and the microbial degradation of this drug. Currently, naproxen has been detected in all types of water, including drinking water and groundwater. The concentrations that have been observed ranged from ng/L to μg/L. These concentrations, although low, may...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:14
Grapefruit and lemon were exposed to phytosanitary irradiation doses of 0, 0.4, and 1 kGy, and then electronic-sensing screening of irradiation status and identification of radiation-induced ESR markers were conducted during 20 days storage. Codex standard photostimulated luminescence measurement (PSL1) was not a reliable indicator of irradiation status. Electronic tongue and electronic nose,...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:14
ABSTRACT Due to the presence of efflorescences and improper microclimate conditions for conservation, pink-pigmented areas were reported in two historic monuments in Northern and Central part of Romania. The aims of the present study were to find the nature of pink pigments observed on the pictorial layer, original and infilling mortar, to investigate the presence of carotenoids both on mural...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:14
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are defined as exogenous substances that can alter the development and functioning of the endocrine system. The Wnt signaling pathway is an evolutionarily conserved pathway consisting of proteins that transmit cell-to-cell receptors through cell surface receptors, regulating important aspects of cell migration, polarity, neural formation, and organogenesis,...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:13
We report the use of environmental samples to assess avian influenza virus activity in chickens at live poultry markets in China. Results of environmental and chicken samples correlate moderately well. However, collection of multiple environmental samples from holding, processing, and selling areas is recommended to detect viruses expected to have low prevalence.
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:13
Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is an ever-increasing phenomenon that, besides clinical settings, is generally assumed to be prevalent in environmental soils and waters. The analysis of bacteria resistant to each one of 11 antibiotics in waters and sediments of the Huelva’s estuary, a multi-contaminated environment, showed high levels of bacteria resistant mainly to Tm, among others. To...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:13
Campylobacter can enter a viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state to evade various stresses, and this state is undetectable using traditional microbiological culturing techniques. These VBNC bacterial cells retain metabolism and demonstrate pathogenic potential due to their ability to resuscitate under favorable conditions. Rapid and accurate determination of VBNC Campylobacter is critical to...
Fri, 01/10/2020 - 03:13
Between 2002 and 2017, the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) recovered 5,803 Salmonella isolates from retail meat collected in 21 states. Isolates were from chicken parts (CP), ground turkey (GT), pork chops (PC), and ground beef (GB). NARMS tested Salmonella for susceptibility to: amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (AMC), ampicillin (AMP), azithromycin (AZI), cefoxitin (FOX),...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:42
ABSTRACT Carbapenemases confer resistance to nearly all β-lactam antibiotics. The extensive spread of carbapenemase-producing multidrug-resistant bacteria contributes significantly to hospital-acquired infections. We have developed a novel protein-based binding assay that identifies KPC β-lactamases from clinical isolates. We used the protein-protein interaction between KPCs and a...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:42
ABSTRACT IS26 has been shown to form cointegrates both by a copy-in mechanism involving one insertion sequence (IS) and a target and by a targeted conservative mechanism involving two ISs. IS26 is the flagship of a group of 65 bacterial ISs in the recently redefined IS6/IS26 family. Here, whether other family members can also use two mechanisms was examined using members of the IS257/IS431 and...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:42
ABSTRACT The survival ability of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis in antibacterial egg white is an important factor leading to Salmonella outbreaks through eggs and egg products. In this study, the role of the gene yoaE, encoding an inner membrane protein, in the survival of Salmonella Enteritidis in egg white, and its transcriptional regulation by CpxR were investigated. Quantitative...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:40
Author(s): Ada Kazi, Che Muhammad Khairul Hisyam Ismail, Anthony Amy Amilda, Candy Chuah, Chiuan Herng Leow, Boon Huat Lim, Kirnpal Kaur Banga Singh, Chiuan Yee LeowAbstractShigellosis is one of the most common diseases found in the developing countries, especially those countries that are prone flood. The causative agent for this disease is the Shigella species. This organism is one of the third...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:40
Author(s): Barbara Araújo dos Santos, Jessica da Silva de Oliveira, Bruna Marcela Parmanhani-da-Silva, Rachel Leite Ribeiro, Lúcia Martins Teixeira, Felipe Piedade Gonçalves NevesAbstractWe aimed to investigate the occurrence of CRISPR elements in the genomes of vancomycin-resistant (VRE) and vancomycin-susceptible (VSE) enterococci and their association with the presence of antimicrobial...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:40
Author(s): Nolwazi Londiwe Bhembe, Ezekiel GreenAbstractDrug-resistant tuberculosis prevalence is still a global challenge. Making it imperative to examine the molecular epidemiology of drug resistant tuberculosis. Molecular epidemiology methods can evaluate transmission patterns and risk factors, ascertain transmission cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and furthermore determine...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:39
Author(s): Hourong Liu, Chengwen Song, Junhao Ning, Yuan Liu, Zhaoxia CuiAbstractVariable lymphocyte receptors (VLRs) play an important role via their antigen-special reorganization in jawless vertebrates (agnathans) adaptive immune response. In the present study, the open reading frame (ORF) of Eriocheir sinensis VLRA (designated as EsVLRA) was identified. EsVLRA comprised a 799-amino-acid...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:39
Author(s): Rayane Stephanie Gomes de Freitas, Elke StedefeldtAbstractDespite efforts at various levels, foodborne diseases are an extremely relevant global public health issue. This letter emphasizes the differences between the hygienist approach and the concept of sanitary risk in order to stimulate insights for researchers and decision-makers on the necessary changes in the working, training,...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:39
Author(s): Hoang Minh Duc, Hoang Minh Son, Hazel Pang Shu Yi, Jun Sato, Pham Hong Ngan, Yoshimitsu Masuda, Ken-ichi Honjoh, Takahisa MiyamotoAbstractSalmonella Enteritidis, Salmonella Typhimurium, and Escherichia coli O157:H7 are the most important foodborne pathogens, causing serious food poisoning outbreaks worldwide. Bacteriophages are increasingly considered as novel antibacterial agents to...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:39
Author(s): Santheraleka Ramanathan, Subash C.B. Gopinath, M.K. Md Arshad, Prabakaran PoopalanAbstractFly ash is found as a significant solid waste released from power plants to the atmosphere, but its qualitative and quantitative consumptions for the sustainability are ambiguous. The main issues aroused with the disposal of fly ash are the requirement of a large land area for landfills, cause...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:39
Author(s): Pasquale Pazienza, Caterina De LuciaAbstractPlastic production and consumption around the world have seen a rapid increase since the end of World War II, with an expected peak in the next 20 years. Agriculture is among the causes of this due to its intensive farming practices and the use of various plastic materials. This produces both advantages (e.g. yield increase, early harvest,...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:39
Author(s): Fataneh Hashempour-Baltork, Kianoush Khosravi-Darani, Hedayat Hosseini, Parastou Farshi, S. Fatemeh S. ReihaniAbstractIncreased global population has resulted in increased need of foods. Production of animal-based proteins includes limitations, including time, energy and cost as well as environmental consideration. Therefore, replacement of meat by alternative ingredients can be a...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:39
Author(s): Qi Wang, Dongmei Hao, Fangbai Li, Xiaoying Guan, Pengcheng ChenAbstractSocioeconomic development and environmental conservation are in perpetual conflict. Economic activities have affected the environment through a wide range of pathways (or processes). Understanding these pathways is paramount for accomplishing societal, environmental and economic sustainability. However, the...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:38
Author(s): Simon Packer, Jane Day, Peter Hardman, Julia Cameron, Michael Kennedy, Jonathan Turner, Caroline Willis, Corinne Amar, Bayad Nozad, Maya GobinAbstractIn March 2018, Public Health England was alerted to an outbreak of gastrointestinal illness in persons who had eaten at a restaurant in the South West of England on Mothering Sunday. We aimed to determine the source of infection and...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:38
Author(s): Mohammed AL-Mohaithef, Bijaya K. Padhi, Mohammed Shameel, Ahmed M.E. Elkhalifa, Mohammed Tahash, Sriram Chandramohan, Ahmed HazaziAbstractBackgroundFoodborne diseases (FBD) is becoming a significant public health concern in both developed and developing countries. Young adults are the most vulnerable demographic of food poisoning. While research has indicated that young adults are...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:38
Author(s): Veerachandra K. Yemmireddy, Cameron Cason, Juan Moreira, Achyut AdhikariAbstractThe shells of pecans are a rich source of bioactive compounds with potential inhibitory activity against various pathogenic microorganisms. This study investigated the antimicrobial activity of pecan shell extracts as effected by the type of cultivar and the method of extraction against various foodborne...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:38
Author(s): Ruchi Sharma, Seid Mahdi Jafari, Somesh SharmaAbstractBio-nanocomposites are bio-based polymers made up of two major components in which one acts as a matrix called biopolymer (continuous phase) and second called as reinforcement agent (dispersed phase) with dimensions in the range of 1–100 nm. These exhibit typical characteristics such as flexibility, biocompatibility,...
Thu, 01/09/2020 - 03:38
Author(s): Torrung Vetchapitak, Taisuke Shinki, Satomi Sasaki, Takako Taniguchi, Taradon Luangtongkum, Naoaki MisawaAbstractThe present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a new technique for removal of campylobacters from naturally contaminated free-range and broiler chicken carcasses. The carcasses, obtained from commercial processing plants after evisceration, were immersed in 0.1...

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