Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Fri, 11/13/2020 - 06:07
LWT
Author(s): Aida Pérez-Baltar, Alejandro Serrano, Margarita Medina, Raquel Montiel The population of Listeria monocytogenes and the expression of five virulence and stress-related genes in pressurized dry-cured ham were monitored throughout storage at 4 ºC. L. monocytogenes strains S2 (serotype 1/2a) and S7-2 (serotype 4b) exhibited a moderate resistance to high pressure processing (HPP) at 450...
Fri, 11/13/2020 - 04:02
Food is the major cadmium (Cd)-exposure pathway from agricultural soils to humans and other living entities and must be reduced in an effective way. A plant can select beneficial microbes, like plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), depending upon the nature of root exudates in the rhizosphere, for its own benefits, such as plant growth promotion as well as protection from metal toxicity....
Fri, 11/13/2020 - 04:02
Staphylococcus aureus causes food intoxication and can become resistant to a large number of drugs. Thus, there is a growing interest in understanding the mechanisms involved in the adaptation of bacterial cells to environmental stresses or to antimicrobial agents. In this context, we evaluated the cinnamaldehyde (CIN) MBC for two contaminating food strains of S. aureus (GL 5674 and GL 8702) and...
Fri, 11/13/2020 - 04:02
Campylobacteriosis is the most frequently reported foodborne illness in Europe and many other parts of the world. Campylobacter can colonize the intestines of broilers, most often in large amounts. Broilers are usually slaughtered in a high-speed automated system that can rupture the intestines during evisceration, resulting in contamination of carcasses with intestinal bacteria such as...
Fri, 11/13/2020 - 04:02
We investigated whether the co-occurrence of phytopathogens ( Clavibacter michiganensis  subsp.  michiganensis [ Cmm ] and  Xanthomonas gardneri  [ Xg ]) frequently encountered in tomato production and  Salmonella   enterica  subsp.  enterica  serotype Typhimurium (JSG626) affects the persistence of these pathogens in tomato plant tissues during the early stages of plant growth .  We observed...
Fri, 11/13/2020 - 02:01
Macrolides are antimicrobials widely used in dairy farming, classified as critically important for human and animal health, and a priority for actions against antimicrobial resistance. Infant formula is used as a substitute for breast milk and should be safe to support child growth and development. In this context, the aim of this study was to validate an analytical method for macrolide analysis...
Fri, 11/13/2020 - 02:01
The aim of this study was to develop a refrigerator performance assessment procedure based on the temperature (2 × 106 values) of ground beef stored in its bottom drawer set to Fresh Meat (0 °C). Effects analyzed were ambient temperature (LT, 21.1 °C/HT, 32.2 °C), food load (LL, 22.5 kg/HL, 39.0 kg), door openings, and refrigerator compressor mode (SS, single speed/VS, variable speed). Published...
Fri, 11/13/2020 - 00:00
Feed safety is a necessity for animal health and welfare as well as prerequisite for food safety and human health. Wheat gluten (WG) is considered as a valuable protein source in fish feed due to its suitability as a feed binder, high digestibility, good amino acid profile, energy density and most importantly, due to its relatively low level of anti-nutritional factors (ANFs). The main aim of...
Fri, 11/13/2020 - 00:00
Fluoroquinolones are frequently used antimicrobials for the treatment of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) infections. However, rapid development and selection of resistance to this class of antimicrobial drugs is a significant problem. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence and mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance against enrofloxacin (ENRO) in APEC strains in Flanders...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 22:10
Salmonella is one of the main causes of foodborne infectious diseases, posing a serious threat to public health. It can enter the food supply chain at various stages of production, processing, distribution, and marketing. High prevalence of Salmonella necessitates efficient and effective approaches for its identification, detection, and monitoring at an early stage. Because conventional methods...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 18:02
Predictive indicators of testicular toxicity could improve drug development by allowing early in-life screening for this adverse effect before it becomes severe. We hypothesized that circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) could serve as testicular toxicity biomarkers in dogs. Herein, we describe the results of an exploratory study conducted to discover biomarkers of drug-induced testicular injury....
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 16:00
Brucella species are Gram-negative, facultative intracellular pathogens. They are the main cause of brucellosis, which has led to a global health burden. Adherence of the pathogen to the host cells is the first step in the infection process. The bacteria can adhere to various biotic and abiotic surfaces using their outer membrane proteins. Trimeric autotransporter adhesins (TAAs) are modular...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 10:02
ABSTRACT Natural transformation is a broadly conserved mechanism of horizontal gene transfer (HGT) in bacteria that can shape their evolution through the acquisition of genes that promote virulence, antibiotic resistance, and other traits. Recent work has established that neighbor predation via type VI secretion systems, bacteriocins, and virulent phages plays an important role in promoting HGT....
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 10:02
Vibrio cholerae is an inhabitant of aquatic environments worldwide. Here, we report the draft genome sequences of eight V. cholera non-O1, non-O139 isolates that were recovered from the corpses of two seabird chicks (common terns) following a mass mortality event in a German breeding colony in 2019.
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 08:02
by Casper C. Nyamukanza, Allan Sebata Broad- and fine-leaved woody species respond to seasonal changes from wet to dry season differently. For example, broad-leaved species shed their leaves earlier, while fine-leaved species, especially acacias retain green foliage well into the dry season. These differences are expected to result in variation in selection of broad- and fine-leaved woody species...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 08:02
We conducted a longitudinal study to evaluate the effect of non-aureus staphylococci (NAS) causing subclinical intramammary infections (IMI) on quarter milk somatic cell count (qSCC) and quarter milk yield (qMY). In total, 324 quarters of 82 Holstein Friesian heifers were followed from calving to 130 d in milk (DIM) and were sampled 10 times each at 14-d intervals. The IMI status of each quarter...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 08:02
Digital dermatitis is a bacterial infection that causes lesions above the heel bulbs on cattle hooves, and several bacterial species from the genus Treponema are suspected to be causative agents of this polymicrobial condition. Transmission of the bacteria to healthy cows is understudied, particularly with regard to potential insect vectors. Therefore, the objective of this research was to...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 08:02
Our aim was to investigate the associations between management factors, compliance with current legislation, and herd-level calf mortality. In a national calf welfare audit, veterinary inspectors from the Norwegian Food Safety Authority assessed compliance with current legislation on calf welfare (n = 912 herds). Nine criteria were assessed and rated as satisfactory (1) or not satisfactory (0):...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 08:02
While the increase in thermal resistance of microorganisms at reduced water activity is demonstrated for low-moisture food products, the effect of storage time on the thermal resistance of microorganisms in low-moisture foods is not well established. As low-moisture foods are stored for long periods and are used as ingredients, cross-contamination can occur at any time period before the lethality...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 08:02
Author(s): Yang Jiang, Ruike Qin, Caihua Jia, Jianhua Rong, Yang Hu, Ru Liu (Source: Food Bioscience) The safety of breaded and deep-fried foods has received more attention recently. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of hydrocolloids on the contents of Nε-carboxymethyllysine (CML) and acrylamide (AA) in breaded fish nuggets, and the relationship between the AA, CML and...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 08:02
Meats are important potential sources of foodborne pathogens including Escherichia coli.tempspacetempspaceThis study was conducted to determine the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli isolated from meats in the Tamale metropolis of Ghana.tempspacetempspaceIsolation of Escherichia coli was done using the procedure according to the USA-FDA Bacteriological Analytical Manual....
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 06:15
Author(s): Eloísa Sevilla, Juan P. Vico, José F. Delgado-Blas, Bruno González-Zorn, Clara Mª. Marín, Cristina Uruén, Inmaculada Martín-Burriel, Rosa Bolea, Raúl C. Mainar-Jaime Salmonellosis is a common subclinical infection in pigs and therefore apparently healthy animals may represent a reservoir of antibiotic-resistant Salmonella for humans. This study estimates and characterizes resistance to...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 06:14
Author(s): Hamid Reza Boostani, Ailsa G. Hardie, Mahdi Najafi-Ghiri, Dariush Khalili Soil application of biochars has been shown to effectively immobilize potentially toxic elements (PTEs). Soil water regime can also affect PTE availability. No previous studies have examined the interactive effect of biochars and soil water regime on Pb availability. Therefore, this study investigated the effect...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 04:02
Fumonisin contamination of maize damaged by Fusarium verticillioides and related species is a major problem when it is grown under warm and dry conditions. Consumption of fumonisin contaminated food and feed is harmful to both humans and livestock. Novel tools for reducing or eliminating fumonisin toxicity may be useful to the agri-feed sector to deal with this worldwide problem. Enzymes capable...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 02:02
Bacillus cereus sensu lato strains (B. cereus group) are widely distributed in nature and have received interest for decades due to their importance in insect pest management, food production and their positive and negative repercussions in human health. Consideration of practical uses such as virulence, physiology, morphology, or ill-defined features have been applied to describe and classify...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 02:02
Metal-contaminated mining soils pose serious environmental and health risks if not properly managed, especially in mountainous areas, which are more susceptible to perturbation. Currently, climate change is leading to more frequent and intense rain events, which cause flooding episodes, thereby altering soil redox equilibria and contaminants stability. We evaluated the potential release of Zn and...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 02:02
Cloudiness, opalescence or a milky appearance in beverages is usually undesirable and lead the consumers to assume that the product is of lower quality. Many different types of formation and entry can lead to cloudiness and these causes can be divided into two major categories: beverage-specific, where the ingredients cause an interaction, and external influences such as process errors or...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 02:01
The uptake of organic pollutants by agricultural plants and their accumulation in edible parts cause serious health problems to animals and humans. In this study, we used carbon-rich materials, such as biochar (BC), hydrochar (HC), and green compost (GC), to reduce the absorption and accumulation of three pesticides, imidacloprid (IMI), boscalid (BOS), and metribuzin (MET) and two endocrine...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 02:01
Immobilization using biochar is a cost-effective and environmentally friendly remediation method to inhibit the transfer of soil contaminants to the food chain. This study evaluated the effects of coconut shell–derived biochar (CSB) and sewage sludge–derived biochar (SSB) on reducing the accumulation of cesium (Cs) by plant from contaminated soil. Pot experiment was conducted by cultivating...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 02:01
The effects of pyrolysis temperature (350, 450, and 550 °C) on the properties of biochar prepared from chicken manure (CM), dairy manure (DM), and their digestates (CMD and DMD) were investigated in this study. The physicochemical properties and the transformation of phosphorous and heavy metal forms in various types of biochar were analyzed, and the bioavailability was assessed to optimize the...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 02:01
Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining (ASGM) is one of the main sources of global Hg emissions and is present over a wide territorial in the southern Amazonia. In this region, there is a rapid approximation between agricultural and livestock activities and the impact of this close proximity having little or no evaluation. Thus, we have determined the Hg concentration in soybean plants in an area...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 00:00
Affordable and practical tools for farmers and food processors along the chain are required to efficiently reduce the risk of mycotoxin contamination of crops, feeds and foods. Developing new tools and enhancing existing ones was the mission of MyToolBox—a four-year EU-project that included important Chinese partners and joint research efforts. To identify future directions in mycotoxin...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 00:00
Acidity is one of the principal physicochemical factors that influence the behavior of microorganisms in any environment, and their response to it often determines their ability to grow and survive. Preventing the growth and survival of pathogenic bacteria or, conversely, promoting the growth of bacteria that are useful (in biotechnology and food production, for example), might be improved...
Thu, 11/12/2020 - 00:00
Antibiotic resistance is an unprecedented threat to modern medicine. The analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from bacteria potentially offers a rapid way to determine antibiotic susceptibility in bacteria. This study aimed to find the optimal conditions to obtain the maximum number of VOCs detected which next allowed the assessment of differences in VOC profiles between susceptible and...
Wed, 11/11/2020 - 22:11
Dried fig (Ficus carica L. cv. Sarılop) is an important food commodity which has significant commercial value. This industrial fruit has comprehensive pre/postharvest treatments and needs an appropriate washing treatment by conserving its quality parameters. This study aimed to investigate the effects of individual and combined ultrasound, peroxyacetic acid and sodium chloride washing treatments...
Wed, 11/11/2020 - 22:10
Microorganisms play a crucial and unique role in fish and fish product safety. The presence of human pathogens and the formation of histamine caused by spoilage bacteria make the control of both pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms critical for fish product safety. To provide a comprehensive and updated overview of the involvement of microorganisms in fish and fish product safety, this paper...
Wed, 11/11/2020 - 22:10
Tropane alkaloids (TAs) are secondary plant metabolites derived mainly from Solanaceae plant families, with the most virulent invasive species being Datura stramonium. Datura stramonium commonly grows in cereal fields and produce TAs (e.g., hyoscyamine and scopolamine) which may accidentally contaminate cereals (and cereal‐based foods) at occasionally high levels. Dietary exposure to TAs can be...
Wed, 11/11/2020 - 22:09
Amphiphilic siderophores including amphibactins are the most abundant siderophores in oceans. Genes putatively encoding the amphibactin system were proposed in some bacteria and homologues of these genes are particulary abundant in multiple bacterial lineages inhabitant of low‐iron seawater. However, since no defective mutant strains in any of these genes were studied to date, their role in...
Wed, 11/11/2020 - 16:00
IntroductionAlthough extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)–producing Enterobacterales are a public health problem in the Arabian Peninsula, data on the molecular characteristic of their antimicrobial resistance determinants in children is limited.AimTo determine the molecular characteristics of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in the pediatric population of Qatar....
Wed, 11/11/2020 - 16:00
Aspergillus-produced mycotoxins can enter the feed and food chain at many points in both pre-harvest and post-harvest. Although current climate changes seem to speed up the world-wide spread of mycotoxigenic fungi including the Aspergilli and also facilitate the production of these harmful secondary metabolites the factors governing these disadvantageous global processes are only partly...
Wed, 11/11/2020 - 16:00
The emergence of third-generation cephalosporin resistance in Escherichia coli is increasing at an alarming rate in many countries. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyze co-infecting blaCTX-M-producing pathogenic E. coli isolates linked to three school outbreaks. Among 66 E. coli isolates, 44 were identified as ETEC O25, an ETEC isolate serotype was O2, and the other 21 were confirmed as...
Wed, 11/11/2020 - 16:00
Rifampin plays a crucial role in the treatment of staphylococcal implant-associated infection, as it is the only antibiotic capable of eradicating Staphylococcus aureus biofilms. However, the emergence of rifampin resistance strongly limits its use. Combinatorial therapy of antibiotics and bacteriophages may represent a strategy to overcome the resistance. Here, we evaluated the activity of...
Wed, 11/11/2020 - 16:00
Several MALDI-TOF MS-based methods have been proposed for rapid detection of antimicrobial resistance. The most widely studied methods include assessment of β-lactamase activity by visualizing the hydrolysis of the β-lactam ring, detection of biomarkers responsible for or correlated with drug-resistance/non-susceptibility, and the comparison of proteomic profiles of bacteria incubated with or...
Wed, 11/11/2020 - 16:00
Microbial communities infiltrate the respiratory tract of cystic fibrosis patients, where chronic colonization and infection lead to clinical decline. This report aims to provide an overview of the diversity of bacterial and fungal species from the airway secretion of three young CF patients with severe pulmonary disease. The bacterial and fungal microbiomes were investigated by culture isolation...
Wed, 11/11/2020 - 14:04
A holistic strategy for discovering structural analogs was established using characteristic structural fragments filtering by high-resolution Orbitrap mass spectrometry and successfully employed for discovering potential hazards in meat. The mass spectrometry fragmentation mechanisms of 113 compounds (including sulphonamides, tetracyclines, benzimidazoles, steroid hormones, cephalosporins, β-...
Wed, 11/11/2020 - 12:01
ABSTRACT The BioFire FilmArray® Gastrointestinal panel is a multiplex PCR assay widely used to determine the etiology of infectious gastroenteritis directly from stool specimens. Recently a positive BioFire result for fecal enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) was reported by a clinical microbiology laboratory for an adult patient with diarrhea and bacteremia. Since EPEC infrequently infects...
Wed, 11/11/2020 - 12:01
Amoxicillin-clavulanate is the most common cause of idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (DILI). Drug-specific CD4+ T cells have been detected in patients with DILI, suggestive of an immune etiology. Furthermore, genetic associations including the human leucocyte antigen (HLA) DRB1*15:01-DQB1*06:02 haplotype influence susceptibility. Amoxicillin forms protein adducts that are postulated to...
Wed, 11/11/2020 - 12:01
Bisphenols are endocrine disrupting chemicals to which humans are ubiquitously exposed to. Prenatal bisphenol A exposure can lead to insulin resistance. However, the metabolic effects of other emerging bisphenols, such as bisphenol S (BPS) and bisphenol F (BPF), are less understood. Because the skeletal muscle is the largest of the insulin target tissues, the goal of this study was to evaluate...
Wed, 11/11/2020 - 12:01
Recent studies implicate mitochondrial dysfunction in the development and progression of numerous chronic diseases, which may be partially due to modifications in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). There is also mounting evidence that epigenetic modifications to mtDNA may be an additional layer of regulation that controls mitochondrial biogenesis and function. Several environmental factors (eg, smoking,...
Wed, 11/11/2020 - 12:01
Seizures are life-threatening adverse drug reactions which are investigated late in drug development using rodent models. Consequently, if seizures are detected, a lot of time, money and animals have been used. Thus, there is a need for in vitro screening models using human cells to circumvent interspecies translation. We assessed the suitability of cocultures of human-induced pluripotent stem...

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