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Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

Thu, 01/18/2018 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 10, Pages 45: Chronic Dietary Intake of Enniatin B in Broiler Chickens Has Low Impact on Intestinal Morphometry and Hepatic Histology, and Shows Limited Transfer to Liver Tissue Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins10010045 Authors: Sophie Fraeyman Siska Croubels Mathias Devreese Richard Ducatelle Michael Rychlik Gunther Antonissen The Fusarium mycotoxin enniatin B (ENN B) is...
Wed, 01/17/2018 - 19:00
Lactobacillus pentosus SLC13 is a high exopolysaccharide (EPS)-producing strain with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity and the ability to grow in simulated gastrointestinal conditions. SLC13 was isolated from...
Wed, 01/17/2018 - 19:00
AbstractHatching eggs collected from resident broiler breeders at 48 wk of age were used to produce male and female chicks that were assigned sex separately to 96 new litter pens and fed either a 0 or 50 g/MT RFC (refined functional carbohydrate feed additive derived from yeast) diet. There were 24 replicate pens of 12 broilers each per diet per sex. Feed intake and BW were determined at 14, 28,...
Wed, 01/17/2018 - 12:11
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2018 Food and Chemical Toxicology Author(s): Yadolah Fakhri, Geir Bjørklund, Anoushiravan Mohseni Bandpei, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Hassan Keramati, Rokhsane Hosseini Pouya, Anvar Asadi, Nazak Amanidaz, Mansour Sarafraz, Amir Sheikhmohammadi, Zahra Baninameh, Seyed Mohsen Mohseni, Maryam Sarkhosh, Seyed Mehdi Ghasemi...
Wed, 01/17/2018 - 11:00
Thermoanaerobacter kivui is one of the very few thermophilic acetogenic microorganisms. It grows optimally at 66°C on sugars but also lithotrophically with H2 + CO2 or with CO, producing acetate as the major product. While a genome-derived model of acetogenesis has been developed, only a few physiological or biochemical experiments regarding the function of important enzymes in carbon and...
Wed, 01/17/2018 - 11:00
Clostridioides difficile (formerly Clostridium difficile) is a pathogenic bacterium displaying great genetic diversity. A significant proportion of this diversity is due to the presence of integrated prophages. Here, we provide an in-depth analysis of phiCD211, also known as phiCDIF1296T, the largest phage identified in C. difficile so far, with a genome of 131 kbp. It shares morphological and...
Wed, 01/17/2018 - 11:00
Changes in the microbial gene content and abundance can be analyzed to detect shifts in the microbiota composition due to the use of a starter culture in the food fermentation process, with the consequent shift of key metabolic pathways directly connected with product acceptance. Meat fermentation is a complex process involving microbes that metabolize the main components in meat. The breakdown...
Wed, 01/17/2018 - 11:00
Leptospirillum ferriphilum plays a major role in acidic, metal-rich environments, where it represents one of the most prevalent iron oxidizers. These milieus include acid rock and mine drainage as well as biomining operations. Despite its perceived importance, no complete genome sequence of the type strain of this model species is available, limiting the possibilities to investigate the...
Wed, 01/17/2018 - 11:00
Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus are naturally occurring estuarine bacteria and are the leading causes of seafood-associated infections and mortality in the United States. Though multiple-antibiotic-resistant V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus strains have been reported, resistance patterns in vibrios are not as well documented as those of other foodborne bacterial pathogens....
Wed, 01/17/2018 - 11:00
Neurotoxic methylmercury (MeHg) is produced by anaerobic Bacteria and Archaea possessing the genes hgcAB, but it is unknown how organic substrate and electron acceptor availability impacts the distribution and abundance of these organisms. We evaluated the impact of organic substrate amendments on mercury (Hg) methylation rates, microbial community structure, and the distribution of hgcAB+...
Wed, 01/17/2018 - 01:18
Wei Zhang, Yao-Hong Zhu, Gui-Yan Yang, Xiao Liu, Bing Xia, Xiong Hu, Jin-Hui Su, Jiu-Feng Wang
Wed, 01/17/2018 - 00:00
Lycii Fructus, a solanaceous drug, is widely used as functional foods and in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Samples collected from different regions of China have been found to be not identical in chemical compositions which might affect the biological activities. Although many chromatographic and spectrometric methods have been reported to determine the concentration of betaine and other...
Tue, 01/16/2018 - 17:11
Abstract Acetoacetate (AAA) was identified as a biofilm inhibitor in a previous study, where the effect of 190 carbon and nitrogen sources on biofilm amounts by Escherichia coli O157:H7 was determined. With this study, we tested the effect of AAA on growth and biofilm amounts of Cronobacter sakazakii, Serratia marcescens, and Yersinia enterocolitica. AAA reduced growth and biofilm amounts of the...
Tue, 01/16/2018 - 11:17
Septicemia-causing Vibrio vulnificus produces at least three exoproteases, VvpE, VvpS and VvpM, all of which participate in interactions with human cells. Expression of VvpE and VvpS is induced in the stationary phase by multiple transcription factors including Sigma S, SmcR, and cAMP-CRP complex. Distinct roles of VvpM, such as induction of apoptosis, lead us to hypothesize VvpM expression is...
Tue, 01/16/2018 - 07:36
Abstract Although most Brazilian dairy products meet high technological standards, there are quality issues regarding milk production, which may reduce the final product quality. Several microbial species may contaminate milk during manufacture and handling. If antimicrobial usage remains uncontrolled in dairy cattle, the horizontal transfer of antimicrobial resistance genes in foodstuffs may be...
Tue, 01/16/2018 - 07:35
Abstract3-Amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-1) is a group 2B carcinogen characterized by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and great efforts have been taken to reduce Trp-P-1 mutagenicity to humans. In this study, the effect of a reduction of Trp-P-1 on intestinal absorption as a promising strategy was investigated. The data showed that when 20 mM Trp-P-1...
Tue, 01/16/2018 - 07:35
AbstractMoisture adsorption isotherms and storability of dried hazelnut inshells and kernels produced in Oregon were evaluated and compared among cultivars, including Barcelona, Yamhill, and Jefferson. Experimental moisture adsorption data fitted to Guggenheim–Anderson–de Boer (GAB) model, showing less hygroscopic properties in Yamhill than other cultivars of inshells and kernels due to lower...
Tue, 01/16/2018 - 07:30
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the microbiological quality and safety of fresh produce at retail level in Korea in order to periodically update information and establish available risks associated with consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables. The samples from different markets located in 3 provinces of South Korea were collected. The protocol in the Korean Food Standards Codex...
Tue, 01/16/2018 - 05:51
Abstract Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are diverse unconjugated carbohydrates that are highly abundant in human breast milk. These glycans are investigated in the context of exhibiting multiple functions in infant growth and development. They seem to provide protection against infectious diseases, including a number of poorly manageable viral infections. Although the potential mechanism of...
Mon, 01/15/2018 - 07:00
Abstract Broilers cut up into parts have been reported to have higher microbial numbers than corresponding whole carcasses. Prechill immersion leads to water uptake by whole carcasses which is released during cut-up. The objective of this study was to determine if an antimicrobial treatment applied during prechill can reduce the prevalence or numbers of total aerobic bacteria and Escherichia coli...
Mon, 01/15/2018 - 05:48
Abstract There is limited information about Campylobacter in commercially processed quail (Coturnix coturnix). The objective of this study was to determine the occurrence of Campylobacter on carcasses in a commercial quail processing plant. Carcasses were collected prior to chilling and/or the application of any antimicrobials, transported to the laboratory, and individually bagged. Following the...
Mon, 01/15/2018 - 01:13
Zhiwei Lin, Xia Cai, Mingliang Chen, Lina Ye, Yang Wu, Xiaofei Wang, Zhihui Lv, Yongpeng Shang, Di Qu
Mon, 01/15/2018 - 01:13
Taskeen Niaz, Saima Shabbir, Tayyaba Noor, Rashda Abbasi, Zulfiqar A. Raza, Muhammad Imran
Mon, 01/15/2018 - 01:13
Jeffrey T. Foster, Faith M. Walker, Brandy D. Rannals, M. Hammad Hussain, Kevin P. Drees, Rebekah V. Tiller, Alex R. Hoffmaster, Abdulmajeed Al-Rawahi, Paul Keim, Muhammad Saqib
Mon, 01/15/2018 - 01:13
Rhayane I. Carvalho, Andrea S. de Jesus Medeiros, Maísa Chaves, Evandro L. de Souza, Marciane Magnani
Mon, 01/15/2018 - 00:00
The concept of Pharmacovigilance Planning and Risk Minimization Planning (PVP/RMP), initiated by the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH), addressed an important conceptual change from monitoring the safety of individual medicine to proactively conducting risk prevention for the minimization of medication error. However, the implementation of PVP/RMP is a challenge in societies like...
Mon, 01/15/2018 - 00:00
Abstract The current study aimed to fabricate nisin-loaded chitosan (N-CS) nanoparticles through ionic interactions between positive amino groups of chitosan and negatively charged tripolyphosphate ions in the presence of nisin and to evaluate their efficacy against foodborne pathogens in orange juice. The synthesized nanoparticles were sphere-shaped and homogenous with an...
Sun, 01/14/2018 - 02:33
Brucellosis is endemic in Bangladesh both in humans and in animals. A number of reasons complicate the diagnosis, as bovine brucellosis can be diagnosed by various serological tests. But the tests have a limitation; when the organism remains intracellular, the disease goes into chronic stage and the antibody titres may decline. The present study was conducted for isolation and detection of...
Sun, 01/14/2018 - 01:20
Katharina Sobotta, Kirstin Hillarius, Pablo H. Jiménez, Katharina Kerner, Carsten Heydel, Christian Menge
Sat, 01/13/2018 - 13:22
Publication date: February 2018 Food and Chemical Toxicology, Volume 112 Author(s): Jin Liu, Xiaoli Lu, Wenxiang Wang, Jianlin Zhu, Yuchen Li, Lingfeng Luo, Wenchang Zhang Research has revealed that cadmium can disrupt ovarian function; however, few reports have focused on MI oocytes meiotic progression, especially the activity of maturation promoting factor (MPF) and its...
Sat, 01/13/2018 - 04:25
Abstract This study aimed to assess anthropogenic impact of surrounding population in the Private Reserve of Natural Heritage at Pantanal, the world's largest freshwater wetland ecosystem located in the center of South America. Viral etiologic agents of acute gastroenteritis as rotavirus A (RVA), noroviruses (NoV), human adenoviruses (HAdV), klassevirus (KV) and of hepatitis, as hepatitis A virus...
Sat, 01/13/2018 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 10, Pages 42: Comparative Response of the Hepatic Transcriptomes of Domesticated and Wild Turkey to Aflatoxin B1 Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins10010042 Authors: Kent Reed Kristelle Mendoza Juan Abrahante Roger Coulombe The food-borne mycotoxin aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) poses a significant risk to poultry, which are highly susceptible to its hepatotoxic effects. Domesticated...
Fri, 01/12/2018 - 19:00
AbstractSalmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg (American Type Culture Collection; ATCC 8326) was examined for the ability to adapt to the homologous stress of chlorine through exposure to increasing chlorine concentrations (25 ppm daily increments) in tryptic soy broth (TSB). The tested strain exhibited an acquired tolerance to chlorine in TSB with the tolerant cells growing in concentrations up...
Fri, 01/12/2018 - 18:00
Publication date: Available online 12 January 2018 Food Bioscience Author(s): G.L. Petretto, F. Fancello, K. Bakhy, C.AL Faiz, Z. Sibawayh, M. Chessa, S. Zara, M.L. Sanna, M. Maldini, Jonathan P. Rourke, G. Pintore Essential oils from 8 Cuminum cyminum local populations collected in Morocco were investigated for their chemical composition and antimicrobial activity. The chemical composition,...
Fri, 01/12/2018 - 13:21
Publication date: February 2018 Food and Chemical Toxicology, Volume 112 Author(s): Xiaojuan Gao, Peiqiang Mu, Jikai Wen, Yu Sun, Qingmei Chen, Yiqun Deng Trichothecene mycotoxins are a group of structurally related sesquiterpenoid metabolites produced by multiple Fusarium species that often contaminate cereals and threaten human and animal health. The basic structure of this...
Fri, 01/12/2018 - 07:22
Publication date: Available online 11 January 2018 Author(s): Monika Kumaraswamy, Carter Do, George Sakoulas, Poochit Nonejuie, Guan Woei Tseng, Helen King, Joshua Fierer, Joe Pogliano, Victor Nizet Endocarditis is a rare but serious manifestation of Listeria monocytogenes (LM). However, the optimal treatment strategy for LM endocarditis has yet to be established. Current...

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