Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Wed, 09/02/2020 - 06:09
Author(s): Zhiyun Zhang, Helen Lin, Chuanxin Ma, Lingzi Zhang, Julia Zelevinsky, Ming Xia, Yuecheng Xu, Jason C. White, Julian Tyson, Lili He Inorganic arsenic (iAs) in foods has raised significant concerns because it is carcinogenic to human beings. Herein, we integrated the Gutzeit method with X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy to measure iAs in selected beverages within 45 min. Briefly, iAs...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): Shaoying Gong, Peng Fei, Qi Sun, Ling Guo, Liange Jiang, Kai Duo, Xue Bi, Xueqi Yun This study researched the action mode of cranberry anthocyanin (CA) against Staphylococcus aureus and the effect of CA on the counts of S. aureus and the quantity of cooked meat during storage. The antibacterial effect was assessed by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and survival populations of S...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Nasrin Rashidi, Ali Khatibjoo, Kamran Taherpour, Mohammad Akbari-Gharaei, Hassan Shirzadi Probiotics, toxin binders and plant extracts improve health and immunity of broiler chickens exposed to aflatoxin. The effects of licorice extract (LE), Protexin probiotic, toxin binder (Agrabound) and poultry litter biochar (PLB) in experimental aflatoxicosis were evaluated. In a completely...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 06:06
LWT
Author(s): Harshavardhan Thippareddi, S. Balamurugan, Jitendra Patel, Manpreet Singh, Julie Brassard The COVID-19 pandemic has worldwide impact in terms of number of illnesses, deaths and long-term sequelae. While the main route for the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus is person to person from respiratory droplets, survival of the virus in the air and its ability to infect subsequently have raised...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 06:06
LWT
Author(s): Chengliang Li, Guofeng Jin, Lichao He, Chuqiao Xiao In present study, using gamma-ray irradiation at dose of 0 kGy and 3 kGy, the effect of glucose on off-odor performance in porcine muscle protein emulsions was monitored by determining lipid oxidation, protein oxidation events, profile of free amino acids and volatile compounds. Results showed that sarcoplasmic emulsion produced more...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 06:06
LWT
Author(s): Ting Li, Ling Jin, Kaiwen Feng, Tan Yang, Xianglin Yue, Bin Wu, Shuangyan Ding, Xuehua Liang, Ganhui Huang, Jinsheng Zhang The growing threat of foodborne disease has made it imperative to develop rapid and efficient detection techniques. Here, we developed dendritic superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) combined with low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (LF-NMR)...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 06:06
LWT
Author(s): Ilkin Yucel Sengun, Gulden Kilic, Berna Ozturk In this study, the effects of marination liquids (MLs) prepared using koruk juice (25% and 50%) and dried koruk pomace (1% and 2%) with or without additives [salt (1%) and thyme (0.1%)] on meat safety were determined. In the first stage, the minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) values of MLs were observed in the range of 6.50% - >50...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 04:02
Lead (Pb) is an important pollutant of worldwide concern with respect to extensive pollution sources and highly toxic effect. Flavonol can improve plant resistance to abiotic stress and is also responsible for the alleviating effect under Pb stress. The relationship between Pb stress and flavonol and the knowledge about the mechanisms of flavonol function are very limited. Pb affected the energy...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 02:02
Blastocystis sp. is a common enteric parasite of humans and animals associated with inadequate sanitation and poor personal hygiene. Over the years, the Malaysian thriving economy has been facilitated largely by migrant workers from developing countries, and there is concern that diseases endemic to their countries may be imported. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the current status of...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 02:02
Abstract Gluten is a cereal protein that is incompletely digested by human proteolytic enzymes that create immunogenic peptides that accumulate in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Although both environmental and human bacteria have been shown to expedite gluten hydrolysis, gluten intolerance is a growing concern. Here we hypothesize that together with food, we acquire environmental bacteria...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 02:02
Brewers’ spent grain (BSG) is the most abundant by-product of brewing. Due to its microbiological instability and high perishability, fresh BSG is currently disposed of as low-cost cattle feed. However, BSG is an appealing source of nutrients to obtain products with high added value through microbial-based transformation. As such, BSG could become a potential source of income for the brewery...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 02:02
The heavy metals were studied in water, sediments, algae, and various tissues of Glyptosternon reticulatum and Cyprinus carpio from River Swat, Pakistan, using flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The Zn, Cu, Pb and Ni were higher in water at sewage site compared to upstream and downstream sites. In sediments, the Ni and Cd were not detected whereas Cu, Pb and Zn were higher at downstream...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 02:01
The negative impacts of road salt (primarily NaCl) on freshwater ecosystems and ground and surface waters used for drinking purposes have been extensively documented. Besides direct increases in chloride (Cl−) and sodium (Na+) concentrations in receiving waters, these ions are responsible for a myriad of soil chemical changes and processes resulting in increased corrosivity of water and...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 02:01
Currently, no specific drug and vaccine are available for the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, and nutritional supplementation should be helpful. This study tried to provide reference for protein supplementation. Specifically, in silico method was employed to simulate protein degradation by gastrointestinal enzymes and to produce a large number of active peptides, then, the binding ability of these...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 00:00
Species of the dinophyte genus Alexandrium are widely distributed and are notorious bloom formers and producers of various potent phycotoxins. The species Alexandrium taylorii is known to form recurrent and dense blooms in the Mediterranean, but its toxin production potential is poorly studied. Here we investigated toxin production potential of a Mediterranean A. taylorii clonal strain by...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 00:00
The efficacy of eleven essential oils (EOs) against Aspergillus flavus NRRL 3357 was investigated. The highest antifungal activity against this aflatoxigenic fungus was exhibited by cinnamon, oregano and lemongrass, which showed low minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values under vapor conditions. Interactions of the three EOs were evaluated by the fractional inhibition concentration index (...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 00:00
C3 protein toxins produced by Clostridium (C.) botulinum and C. limosum are mono-ADP-ribosyltransferases, which specifically modify the GTPases Rho A/B/C in the cytosol of monocytic cells, thereby inhibiting Rho-mediated signal transduction in monocytes, macrophages, and osteoclasts. C3 toxins are selectively taken up into the cytosol of monocytic cells by endocytosis and translocate from acidic...
Wed, 09/02/2020 - 00:00
Salmonella is a leading cause of bacterial infections in animals and humans. We sequenced a collection of 450 Salmonella strains from diseased animals to better understand the genetic makeup of their virulence and resistance features. The presence of Salmonella pathogenicity islands (SPIs) varied by serotype. S. Enteritidis carried the most SPIs (n = 15), while S. Mbandaka, S. Cerro, S....
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 22:14
Sub‐seasonal streamflow forecasts, with lead times of 1‐30 days, provide valuable information for operational water resource management. This paper introduces the Multi‐Temporal Hydrological Residual Error model (MuTHRE) to address the challenge of obtaining “seamless” sub‐seasonal forecasts, i.e., daily forecasts with consistent high‐quality performance over multiple lead times (1‐30 days) and...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 22:14
China has experienced a sudden multi‐focal and multi‐round of African swine fever (ASF) outbreaks during 2018. The subsequent epidemiological survey resulted in a debate including the possibility of a transboundary spread from European Russia to China through wild boar. We contribute to the debate by assessing a hypothetical overland Euro‐Siberian transmission path and its associated ASF arrival...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 22:12
The present study aimed to investigate the effect of type of milk, fermentation time, temperature, and stirring conditions on the antibacterial activity of fermented milk by kefir grains. All fermentation conditions had a significant effect on the antibacterial activity of kefir samples against four bacteria, except for the effect of temperature on the diameter of the inhibition zone of Shigella...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 22:11
Postharvest losses of whole and fresh‐cut fruits and vegetables cause significant reductions in food availability and an increase in economic losses/damages. Additionally, regulatory agencies are increasingly restricting the postharvest use of synthetic chemicals. This has strengthened the need to develop environmentally friendly approaches to postharvest management, such as utilization of...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 22:10
Significance and impact of the study: The emergence of carbapenemases and extended‐spectrum β‐lactamases (ESBLs) in bacteria has now become a global problem leading to failure of advanced antimicrobial therapy. We report for the first time the blaNDM‐1 gene in non‐fermenting Gram‐negative bacterial isolates, and the blaKPC‐2 gene in an Escherichia coli isolate from goat meat in India. The...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 22:09
Aims To identify the bacteria nodulating Sulla spinosissima growing profusely in a lead and zinc mine tailings in Eastern Morocco. Methods and Results Thirty two rhizobial cultures, isolated from root nodules of S. spinosissima growing in soils of the mining site, were tolerant to different heavy metals. The ERIC‐PCR fingerprinting analysis clustered the isolates into 7 different groups, and the...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 22:09
Some meat dry products, including dry cured ham and dry beef cecina, are cured in the air at cold temperature allowing the growth of a lawn of fungi on their surface. During the curing process, frequently these products became contaminated with fungivore mites of the Acaridae family that feed on fungal mycelium and spores. Aims The aim of this article is to study the possible biological control...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 22:08
The effects of fat content and charcoal types on the formation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAAs) in various barbecued fish (trout, seabream, seabass, salmon, and shad) were investigated. Fish samples were also analyzed in terms of fat content and fatty acid profile. Total saturated fatty acids (∑SFA) contents reduced while the total polyunsaturated...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 22:07
Nanotechnology is an emerging science with a wide array of applications involving the synthesis and manipulation of materials with dimensions in the range of 1‐100 nm. Nanotechnological applications include diverse fields, such as pharmaceuticals, medicine, the environment, food processing, and agriculture. Regarding the latter, applications are mainly focused on plant growth and crop protection...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 16:00
Infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) challenges effective pulmonary infectious disease control. Current phenotypic and molecular assays could not comprehensively and accurately diagnose MTB, NTM, and drug resistance. Next-generation sequencing allows an “all-in-one” approach providing results on expected drug susceptibility testing (DST) and the...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 10:02
Motility is required for many bacterial pathogens to reach and colonize target sites. Vibrio cholerae traverses a thick mucus barrier coating the small intestine to reach the underlying epithelium. We screened a transposon library in motility media containing mucin to identify factors that influence mucus transit. Lesions in structural genes of the Type VI Secretion System (T6SS) were among those...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 08:03
by Erin A. Mack, Massimiliano S. Tagliamonte, Yu-Ping Xiao, Samantha Quesada, David R. Allred The tick-borne apicomplexan parasite, Babesia bovis, a highly persistent bovine pathogen, expresses VESA1 proteins on the infected erythrocyte surface to mediate cytoadhesion. The cytoadhesion ligand, VESA1, which protects the parasite from splenic passage, is itself protected from a host immune response...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 08:03
by Yuen-Yan Chang, Virginie Stévenin, Magalie Duchateau, Quentin Giai Gianetto, Veronique Hourdel, Cristina Dias Rodrigues, Mariette Matondo, Norbert Reiling, Jost Enninga Shigella flexneri invades host cells by entering within a bacteria-containing vacuole (BCV). In order to establish its niche in the host cytosol, the bacterium ruptures its BCV. Contacts between S. flexneri BCV and infection-...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 08:03
by Kenji Momo, Kana Shu-toh, Makiko Kaneko, Nauta Yamanaka, Yuji Oto, Katsumi Tanaka, Masayoshi Koinuma, Tadanori Sasaki Objective To identify risk factors for bleeding in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients treated with anti-coagulants such as warfarin, apixaban, edoxaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban using a large claims database. Methods A claims database for 8926 AF patients from 2004 to 2016 was...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 08:03
This study was conducted to reveal the genotyping, antimicrobial susceptibility, and biofilm formation of Bacillus cereus isolated from powdered food products in China. Five hundred powdered food samples were collected from five provinces in China: 100 samples each of powdered infant formula (PIF), soy milk powder (SMP), lotus root powder (LRP), walnut powder (WP), and rice flour (RF). The...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 08:03
Escherichia coli O157 is a Shiga toxin–producing E. coli causing disease in humans. Cattle are the primary reservoir of the pathogen. Information regarding the contribution of cattle to diarrheal illnesses in humans through consumption of contaminated beef is scarce in Ethiopia. We collected samples from 240 cattle, 127 beef, and 216 diarrheic patients in Bishoftu town in Ethiopia to assess the...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 06:14
Author(s): Tingting Fu, Ruiying Zhao, Bifeng Hu, Xiaolin Jia, Zhige Wang, Lianqing Zhou, Mingxiang Huang, Yan Li, Zhou Shi Modelling the mass balance and forecasting the temporal variations of cadmium (Cd) in farmland soil play a critical role in the development of mitigation strategies for Cd pollution. In this study, a novel framework integrating the mass balance model with model-independent...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 06:14
Author(s): Tressie Barrett, Yaohua Feng Societal changes have prompted the elimination of Family and Consumer Science courses from many schools and the reduction of food-handler role models at home. Declining opportunities for youth to acquire food-handling knowledge and skills increases their risk of contracting a foodborne illness. Many youths are employed in food service and could perpetuate...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): S. Lebrun, T. Van Nieuwenhuysen, S. Crèvecoeur, R. Vanleyssem, J. Thimister, S. Denayer, S. Jeuge, G. Daube, A. Clinquart, B. Fremaux Outgrowth and toxinogenesis of Clostridium botulinum Group II (non-proteolytic) type B were studied in cooked ham prepared with different NaNO2 (ranging from 0 to 80 mg/kg) and sodium chloride (NaCl, ranging from 12 to 19 g/kg) incorporation rates. Cured...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 04:02
Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by filamentous fungi that colonise various crops around the world and cause major damage to the agro-industrial sector on a global scale. Considering the estimative of population growth in the next decades, it is of fundamental importance the implementation of practices that help prevent the economics and social impacts of aflatoxin contamination....
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 02:02
Metals occur naturally in the environment; however, anthropogenic practices have greatly increased metal concentrations in waterways, sediments, and biota. Metals pose health risks to marine organisms and have been associated with oxidative stress, which can lead to protein denaturation, DNA mutations, and cellular apoptosis. Sharks are important species ecologically, recreationally, and...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 02:01
In this study, mAb-5A7 and mAb-1D7, two highly specific monoclonal antibodies against tylosin (TYL), were prepared by using hapten TYL-carboxymethoxylamine hemihydrochloride (TYL-CMO), and they showed IC50 values of 13.84 ng/mL and 13.01 ng/mL and LODs of 1.21 and 0.98 ng/mL, respectively, in indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. An immunochromatographic assay based on quantum...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 02:01
In order to find the best nanometal oxides to alleviate the cadmium-caused toxicity, we chose five kinds of nanometal oxides (MgO NPs, ZnO NPs, α-Fe2O3 NPs, γ-Fe2O3 NPs, and Fe3O4 NPs) tried to research the different effects. In this study, the effects of nanometal oxides on physiological response indicators in wheat seedlings poisoned by cadmium were figured out. The results showed that the...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 00:00
Streptomyces spp. can be exploited as biocontrol agents (BCAs) against plant pathogens such as Fusarium graminearum, the main causal agent of Fusarium head blight (FHB) and against the contamination of grains with deoxynivalenol (DON). In the present research, four Streptomyces strains active against F. graminearum in dual plate assays were characterized for their ability to colonize detached...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 00:00
In the present investigation, the parent compound 4-amino-5-(4-fluoro-3-phenoxyphenyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiol (1) and its Schiff bases 2, 3, and 4 were subjected to whole-cell anti-TB against H37Rv and multi-drug-resistant (MDR) strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) by resazurin microtiter assay (REMA) plate method. Test compound 1 exhibited promising anti-TB activity against H37Rv and...
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 00:00
The vast majority of medicines in pig rearing are administered via oral group medication through medicated feed and drinking water. However, relevant on-farm factors affecting the concentration of these drugs in feed and drinking water, such as the homogeneity, stability, and cross-contamination, are largely unknown. To characterize these factors, samples of medicated feed and drinking water were...
Mon, 08/31/2020 - 22:11
An accurate and sensitive ultra‐high‐performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry method was established and validated for the determination of 9 bioactive compounds of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus in rat plasma. Separation was performed on Halo® C18 column with a mobile phase of acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid in water. The eluate was detected by multiple‐...
Mon, 08/31/2020 - 06:11
Author(s): Mary E. Schoen, Trevor K. Peckham, Jeffry H. Shirai, John C. Kissel, Dipendra Thapaliya, Tara C. Smith, J. Scott Meschke Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been found in raw retail meat products, including pork. A concern has emerged that MRSA-containing meat products might lead to nasal colonization, a risk factor for infection, in individuals that handle and...
Mon, 08/31/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): Xiangbo Xu, Xiaoyan Hu, Ting Wang, Mingxing Sun, Le Wang, Linxiu Zhang Heavy metal pollution has become a significant cause for concern in various fields. However, there is little research available on the relationship between economic development and the health effects of soil heavy metal pollution. We extracted soil heavy metal exposure data (including data on Cd, As, Hg, Pb, and Cr...
Mon, 08/31/2020 - 06:09
Author(s): Chukwujindu M.A. Iwegbue, Kenneth O. Osijaye, Ufuoma A. Igbuku, Francis E. Egobueze, Godswill O. Tesi, Francisca I. Bassey, Bice S. Martincigh The use of the same batch of oil for deep-frying on several occasions is a common practice. This study sought to determine the effects of repeated frying cycles on the composition, concentrations and risk of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (...
Mon, 08/31/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): Tangni Emmanuel K, Van Pamel Els, Huybrechts Bart, Delezie Evelyne, Van Hoeck Els, Daeseleire Els Fusarium mycotoxins are fungal contaminants found in different crops intended for human and animal consumption. Due to the co-occurrence of several of mycotoxins, the present study aimed at examining the transfer of these toxins into tissues of broiler chickens and eggs of laying hens fed...
Mon, 08/31/2020 - 00:00
Chautauqua Lake, New York, is a two-basin lake with a deeper, cooler, and less nutrient-rich Northern Basin, and a warmer, shallower, nutrient-replete Southern Basin. The lake is populated by a complex mixture of cyanobacteria, with toxigenic strains that produce microcystins, anatoxins, and paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins (PSTs). Samples collected from 24 sites were analyzed for these three...

Pages