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Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

Wed, 06/19/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 357: Emerging Fusarium Mycotoxins Fusaproliferin, Beauvericin, Enniatins, and Moniliformin in Serbian Maize Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11060357 Authors: Igor Jajić Tatjana Dudaš Saša Krstović Rudolf Krska Michael Sulyok Ferenc Bagi Zagorka Savić Darko Guljaš Aleksandra Stankov Emerging mycotoxins such as moniliformin (MON), enniatins (ENs),...
Tue, 06/18/2019 - 20:00
Campylobacter jejuni is the leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis (campylobacteriosis) in humans worldwide, and the most frequent pathogen associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and Miller-Fisher synd...
Tue, 06/18/2019 - 20:00
Antimicrobial resistance was determined for 341 thermophilic Campylobacter jejuni isolates obtained from human clinical cases (n = 101), broiler products (n = 98), dairy cattle (n = 41) and wild birds (n = 101) with known multilocus sequence types (MLST) in Lithuania. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values for ciprofloxacin, tetracycline, gentamycin, ceftriaxone and erythromycin were...
Tue, 06/18/2019 - 17:00
Venkata Raghava Mohan, Santosh Raj, Mandeep Singh Dhingra, Naveena Aloysia D’Cor, Ajit Pal Singh, Tarun Saluja, Deok Ryun Kim, Venkat Jayanth Midde, Yanghee Kim, Sridhar Vemula, Santhosh Kumar Narla, Binod Sah, Mohammad Ali This open-label study assessed the safety and immunogenicity of two doses (14 days apart) of an indigenously manufactured, killed, bivalent (Vibrio cholerae O1 and O139),...
Tue, 06/18/2019 - 17:00
Diana Chaves Pereira Mejido, Jaqueline Mendes de Oliveira, Ana Maria Coimbra Gaspar, Noemi Rovaris Gardinali, Fernanda de Oliveira Bottino, Lilian Gonçalves de Carvalho, Debora Regina Lopes dos Santos, Yohan Brito Kevorkian, Leandro Layter Xavier, Julio Moran, Marcelo Pelajo-Machado, Renato Sergio Marchevsky, Marcelo Alves Pinto Hepatitis E virus genotype 3 (HEV-3) is an emerging zoonotic...
Tue, 06/18/2019 - 13:35
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2019 Food BioscienceAuthor(s): Seoung Hyuk Kim, Wang June Kim, Seok-Seong KangAbstractThe inhibitory effect of Lactobacillus brevis DF01 and Pediococcus acidilactici K10, which had been isolated from kimchi, on enteropathogenic bacterial adhesion to intestinal epithelial cells as well as their probiotic potential was studied. After the incubation of Lb....
Tue, 06/18/2019 - 13:03
Abstract Poultry farmers faced dual risk when mutant avian influenza (AI) virus showed the zoonotic characteristics. A/H5N1 and A/H7N9 were two dominant AI virus strains that have captured the attention of the public over the years for they have been reported to bring about greater loss to poultry and human, respectively. Previous studies mainly used quantitative methods investigating either the...
Tue, 06/18/2019 - 12:48
The adaptive in vivo mechanisms underlying the switch in Salmonella enterica lifestyles from the infectious form to a dormant form remain unknown. We employed Caenorhabditis elegans as a heterologous host to understand the temporal dynamics of Salmonella pathogenesis and to identify its lifestyle form in vivo. We discovered that Salmonella...
Tue, 06/18/2019 - 04:08
Abstract Aims Manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) is one of the most popular seafood in Korea, owing to their unique taste and nutritional value. This study aimed to disclose the antibiotic and heavy‐metal resistance characteristics of Aeromonas spp. isolated from marketed Manila clam in Korea. Methods and results A total of 36 Aeromonas spp. strains were isolated and subjected to two tests...
Tue, 06/18/2019 - 04:07
Abstract Aim Study is focused on the influence of cadmium addition to growth media on production yield, their size and molecular mass of exopolysaccharides (EPS) synthesized by three rhizosphere bacteria strains. Inhibition of bacterial growth by increasing concentrations of Cd2+ was also analyzed. Methods and Results The highest impact of Cd2+ was noticed on growth of Arthrobacter sp. and R....
Tue, 06/18/2019 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 82, Issue 7, Page 1110-1115, July 2019.
Tue, 06/18/2019 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 82, Issue 7, Page 1110-1115, July 2019.
Tue, 06/18/2019 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 82, Issue 7, Page 1110-1115, July 2019.
Tue, 06/18/2019 - 03:00
Journal of Food Protection, Volume 82, Issue 7, Page 1110-1115, July 2019.
Tue, 06/18/2019 - 01:12
Available online 16 June 2019 Author(s): Gabriele Meroni, Valentina Zamarian, Cristina Prussiani, Valerio Bronzo, Cristina Lecchi, Piera Anna Martino, Fabrizio CecilianiAbstractStaphylococcus aureus biofilm-related infections are of clinical concern due to the capability of bacterial colonies to adapt to a hostile environment. The present study investigated the capability of the acute phase...
Tue, 06/18/2019 - 00:00
Toxins, Vol. 11, Pages 352: Deoxynivalenol in the Diet Impairs Bone Mineralization in Broiler Chickens Toxins doi: 10.3390/toxins11060352 Authors: Marsel Keçi Annegret Lucke Peter Paulsen Qendrim Zebeli Josef Böhm Barbara U. Metzler-Zebeli Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of the most abundant and important trichothecene mycotoxins produced by Fusarium species. In chickens, DON intake...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 20:00
Peroxyacetic acid (PAA) is widely applied in fresh apple packing facilities to reduce foodborne pathogens on fresh apples. However, there is limited data regarding its practical efficacy against Listeria monocytogenes on fresh apples. This study evaluated the antimicrobial activity of PAA against L. monocytogenes on fresh apples applicable to current industry practice, and further examined...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 20:00
This study aims to investigate and compare the complete nucleotide sequences of the multidrug resistance plasmids pVb0267 and pVb0499, which were recovered from foodborne Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolates, and analyze the genetic environment of blaCTX-M-55 to provide insight into the dissemination mechanisms of this resistance element. Analysis of the sequences of plasmids pVb0267 (166,467 bp) and...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 14:25
Accuracy of data for pesticide residues analysis is particularly important because analytical results are the basis for risk assessment and taking regulatory action. We, therefore, investigated the storage stability of eight organophosphorus pesticides on seven different kinds of matrices under different conditions; and the improvement measures of the stability of five pesticides on cabbage and...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 13:44
Abstract The detoxification ability of Lactobacillus acidophilus and prebiotics was evaluated by a Plackett‐Burman Design to examine the reduction of concentration and bioaccessibility of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and M1 (AFM1) in artificially contaminated whole cow's milk. Six variables were evaluated: AFB1 (3.25–6.0 μg L−1) or AFM1 (1.0–2.0 μg L−1) concentration; incubation time (0–6 h); and inulin,...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 13:44
Abstract The detoxification ability of Lactobacillus acidophilus and prebiotics was evaluated by a Plackett‐Burman Design to examine the reduction of concentration and bioaccessibility of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and M1 (AFM1) in artificially contaminated whole cow's milk. Six variables were evaluated: AFB1 (3.25–6.0 μg L−1) or AFM1 (1.0–2.0 μg L−1) concentration; incubation time (0–6 h); and inulin,...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 13:13
SUMMARY Vibrio vulnificus is a siderophilic pathogen spreading due to global warming. The zoonotic strains constitute a clonal‐complex related to fish farms that are distributed worldwide. In this study, we applied a transcriptomic and single gene approach and discover that the zoonotic strains bypassed the iron requirement of the species thanks to the acquisition of two iron‐regulated outer...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 13:13
SUMMARY Vibrio vulnificus is a siderophilic pathogen spreading due to global warming. The zoonotic strains constitute a clonal‐complex related to fish farms that are distributed worldwide. In this study, we applied a transcriptomic and single gene approach and discover that the zoonotic strains bypassed the iron requirement of the species thanks to the acquisition of two iron‐regulated outer...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 13:13
Abstract Aims The control of Listeria monocytogenes biofilm formation using lactocin AL705 bacteriocin at sub‐MICs through an anti‐quorum sensing strategy, was preliminarily investigated. Methods and Results The screening for biofilm formation of different Listeria species at 10 °C allowed selecting L. monocytogenes FBUNT for its use as biofilm producer. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 12:57
Abstract The evolution of volatile aldehydes and the conversion of oxygenated ityβ‐unsaturated aldehydes (OαβUAs) into furans were compared in four vegetable oils (soybean oil, olive oil [OVO], peanut oil [PO], and perilla oil [PAO]) thermally oxidized at temperatures of 150, 180, and 210 °C for 10 hr/day over a 3‐day period. Results showed that 2 alkyl furans and 23 volatile aldehydes including...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 11:52
Abstract The fruit of Terminalia chebula Retz., or Tibet Olive, is widely used as a food supplement in China. It possesses some natural antimicrobial properties; however, its chemical composition and antivirulence effects have not been identified. In this work, 29 compounds were identified from the peel of T. chebula fruit by ultra‐high‐performance liquid chromatography‐tandem quadrupole time‐of‐...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 11:00
The effectiveness of antibiotics has been challenged by the increasing frequency of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), which has emerged as a major threat to global health. Despite its negative impact on the development of AMR, there are few effective strategies for reducing AMR in food-producing animals. Using whole-genome sequencing and comparative genomics of 36 multidrug-resistant (MDR)...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 11:00
Methylmercury (MeHg) is a potent bioaccumulative neurotoxin that is produced by certain anaerobic bacteria and archaea. Mercury (Hg) methylation has been linked to the gene pair hgcAB, which encodes a membrane-associated corrinoid protein and a ferredoxin. Although microbial Hg methylation has been characterized in vivo, the cellular biochemistry and the specific roles of the gene products HgcA...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 11:00
Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium are human and animal gut commensals. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are important opportunistic pathogens with limited treatment options. Historically, the glycopeptide antibiotics vancomycin and avoparcin selected for the emergence of vancomycin resistance in human and animal isolates, respectively, resulting in global cessation of avoparcin...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 11:00
Mercury (Hg) methylation in the Florida Everglades is of great environmental concern because of its adverse effects on human and wildlife health through biomagnification in aquatic food webs. Periphyton and flocculant materials (floc) overlaying peat soil are important ecological compartments producing methylmercury (MeHg) in this ecosystem. These compartments retain higher concentrations of MeHg...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 11:00
Ceftiofur, a third-generation cephalosporin antimicrobial, was used in Canadian hatcheries for many years to prevent early mortality in chicks, leading to a high prevalence of cephalosporin resistance in Escherichia coli in chickens. Preventive use of ceftiofur in hatcheries ceased in 2014. We examined the effect of ceftiofur cessation (n = 40 flocks with ceftiofur and n = 28 flocks without...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 01:15
Available online 15 June 2019 Author(s): Ifeoluwa Adekoya, Adewale Obadina, Momodu Olorunfemi, Olamide Akande, Sofie Landschoot, Sarah De Saeger, Patrick NjobehAbstractIn Africa, fermented foods and beverages play significant roles in contributing to food security. Endotoxins are ubiquitous heat stable lipopolysaccharide (LPS) complexes situated in the outer cell membranes of Gram-negative...
Mon, 06/17/2019 - 01:15
Available online 16 June 2019 Author(s): Paolo Bonilauri, Maria Silvia Grisenti, Paolo Daminelli, Giuseppe Merialdi, Mattia Ramini, Lia Bardasi, Roberta Taddei, Elena Cosciani-Cunico, Elena Dalzini, Maria Angela Frustoli, Federica Giacometti, Silvia Piva, Andrea SerrainoAbstractThis study involved ten enterprises producing Italian salami, 20 different samples of fermented sausages underwent...
Sun, 06/16/2019 - 01:12
Available online 15 June 2019 Author(s): Lucia Rincon-B, Gustavo Lannelongue, Javier González-BenitoAbstractPurposeCompanies in the food sector use a food safety management system (FSMS) to ensure the safety of their products, and thereby minimize any risk to consumers; nevertheless, FSMSs have been used less extensively in Latin America. The purpose of this study was therefore to analyze the...
Sun, 06/16/2019 - 01:12
Available online 14 June 2019 Author(s): Takashi Yarita, Shinsuke Inagaki, Ayano Miyamoto, Taichi Yamazaki, Migaku Kawaguchi, Hajime Uchida, Akiko Takatsu, Toshiyuki SuzukiAbstractA scallop midgut gland certified reference material, NMIJ CRM 7520-a, was developed for validation and quality assurance during the inspection of shellfish for diarrhetic shellfish toxins. The candidate material was...
Sun, 06/16/2019 - 01:12
Available online 15 June 2019 Author(s): Meng Wang, Muqi Sun, Yanyan Zhang, Yi Chen, Yanwen Wu, Jie OuyangAbstractThe effect of microwave irradiation-retrogradation (MIR) treatment on the physicochemical properties and in vitro digestibility of corn starch (A-type crystallinity), potato starch (B-type) and chestnut starch (C-type) were evaluated. After MIR treatment, the amount of resistant...

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