Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

Sun, 09/29/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Zhan Chen, Guangwei Yu, Yin Wang, Xuejiao Liu, Xingdong WangAbstractTo explore a feasible method of utilizing municipal solid waste incineration fly ash (IFA) rather than releasing it into solidified landfill, in this work, IFA was pretreated by mixing it with municipal sewage sludge (MSS) and applying hydrothermal treatment (HTT). The influences of the IFA dosage, HTT temperature, HTT...
Sun, 09/29/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Qianqian Lang, Bo Zhang, Yi Li, Zhengang Liu, Wentao JiaoAbstractThe effects of temperature and CaO introduction on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) contents, distribution patterns and toxicity of the products from hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of swine manure (SM) were investigated in this study for the first time. The results indicated that increasing temperature decreased...
Sun, 09/29/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Kate A. Langdon, Anand Chandra, Karl Bowles, Andrew Symons, Fleur Pablo, Keith OsborneAbstractLand application of composted municipal solid waste (C-MSW) can divert waste from landfill but can also be a route of entry into the environment for contaminants. This study presents a preliminary human health and ecological risk assessment for organic contaminants in C-MSW generated in New...
Sun, 09/29/2019 - 03:15
Four cases of listeriosis in a hospital (A) in New Zealand were identified in 2012. Pulsed‐field gel electrophoresis used at the time identified four pulsotypes amongst the clinical isolates. Two of the pulsotypes matched to L. monocytogenes isolates obtained from ready‐to‐eat (RTE) meat samples from a RTE producer tested during a nationwide microbiological survey the month prior. The outbreak...
Sun, 09/29/2019 - 03:13
In order to remove zearalenone (ZEA) detriment—Bacillus subtilis, Candida utilis, and cell-free extracts from Aspergillus oryzae were used to degrade ZEA in this study. The orthogonal experiment in vitro showed that the ZEA degradation rate was 92.27% (p < 0.05) under the conditions that Candida utilis, Bacillus subtilis SP1, and Bacillus subtilis SP2 were mixed together at 0.5...
Sun, 09/29/2019 - 03:13
Legumes are amongst the most promising crops to satisfy the increasing demand for protein-rich food and feed. Today, however, their cultivation in Europe is low, while European agriculture faces a deficit of protein-rich feed, of which the largest part is met by imported soybean. It has been suggested that some legumes can at least partially substitute for soybean in different types of feed....
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:21
by Jana Van Dycke, Annelii Ny, Nádia Conceição-Neto, Jan Maes, Myra Hosmillo, Arno Cuvry, Ian Goodfellow, Tatiane C. Nogueira, Erik Verbeken, Jelle Matthijnssens, Peter de Witte, Johan Neyts, Joana Rocha-Pereira Human noroviruses (HuNoVs) are the most common cause of foodborne illness, with a societal cost of $60 billion and 219,000 deaths/year. The lack of robust small animal models has...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:21
by Rocío Canals, Roy R. Chaudhuri, Rebecca E. Steiner, Siân V. Owen, Natalia Quinones-Olvera, Melita A. Gordon, Michael Baym, Michael Ibba, Jay C. D. Hinton We have used a transposon insertion sequencing (TIS) approach to establish the fitness landscape of the African Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium ST313 strain D23580, to complement our previous comparative genomic and functional...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:21
by Markus Rienth, Julien Crovadore, Sana Ghaffari, François Lefort The reduction of synthetic fungicides in agriculture is necessary to guarantee a sustainable production that protects the environment and consumers’ health. Downy mildew caused by the oomycete Plasmopara viticola is the major pathogen in viticulture worldwide and responsible for up to 60% of pesticide treatments. Alternatives to...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Shruti Shukla, Jung Hyun Park, Myunghee KimAbstractIn this study, environment-friendly cost-effective, non-toxic, and reusable strategy was developed using Bacillus subtilis (a GRAS-grade bacterium, isolated from the Korean traditional food, Kimchi) immobilized in edible alginate bead composite for the reduction of ochratoxin A (OTA) toxin from red wine. Initially, B. subtilis-...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Tiah Ghostlaw, Maria G. Corradini, Wes Autio, Amanda J. KinchlaAbstractThe Produce Safety Rule, part of the Food Safety Modernization Act, mandates zero detectable generic Escherichia coli for certain agriculture wash water applications: hand-washing, food-contact surface washing, or any water which directly contacts produce, including ice. This requirement emphasizes the need to...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Xiaojuan Yang, Qingping Wu, Jiahui Huang, Shi Wu, Jumei Zhang, Ling Chen, Xianhu Wei, Yingwang Ye, Yu Li, Juan Wang, Tao Lei, Liang Xue, Rui Pang, Youxiong ZhangAbstractRaw vegetables have been associated with numerous foodborne Salmonella outbreaks; however, there is little epidemiological or molecular data on Salmonella contaminants of raw vegetables in China. Here, we investigated...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Luigi Iannetti, Diana Neri, Gino Angelo Santarelli, Giuseppe Cotturone, Michele Podaliri Vulpiani, Romolo Salini, Salvatore Antoci, Gabriella Di Serafino, Elisabetta Di Giannatale, Francesco Pomilio, Stefano MessoriAbstractStress factors and poor animal welfare can increase the susceptibility of food-producing animals to diseases, posing microbial risks to consumers. Animal welfare...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): J. Ho, R. Prosser, M. Hasani, H. Chen, B. Skanes, W.D. Lubitz, K. WarrinerAbstractChlorpyrifos is a widely used insecticide in apple production but there are concerns that residues ingested by consumers can lead to chronic neurological conditions. In the following, a method based on Advanced Oxidation Process (AOP) was validated for the degradation of chlorpyrifos on apples and...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Anil Kumar Anal, Giorgia Perpetuini, Awanwee Petchkongkaew, Reasmey Tan, Sylvie Avallone, Rosanna Tofalo, Hai Van Nguyen, Son Chu-Ky, Phu Ha Ho, Thanh Tam Phan, Yves WachéAbstractSouth-East Asia is well-known for traditionally fermented foods. However, these products are generally still produced at small scale following traditional procedures. Nowadays, consumers are particularly aware...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:19
Author(s): Rami H. Al-Rifai, Karima Chaabna, Thomas Denagamage, Walid Q. AlaliAbstractFood contamination with non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica (NTS) is common in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to summarize available data on the overall regional and national-specific NTS prevalence in food products in this region. Published...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:19
Author(s): Fang Du, Ting Zhao, Hong-Chen Ji, Ying-Biao Luo, Fen Wang, Guang-Hua Mao, Wei-Wei Feng, Yao Chen, Xiang-Yang Wu, Liu-Qing YangAbstractPolychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) would do serious damage to multiple systems, while coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls, the most toxic member of the family, has been widely taken into consideration. In this study, ICR mice were fed with different doses...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:19
Author(s): Subrata Banik, Mahmuda Akter, Serene Ezra Corpus Bondad, Takeshi Saito, Toshiyuki Hosokawa, Masaaki KurasakiAbstractCarvacrol is a monoterpenic phenol found in essential oils, is considered a safe food additive, and possesses various therapeutic properties. Numerous studies have also deciphered the protective role of carvacrol on various cytotoxicities. We clarify the effects of...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:19
Author(s): Barbara Spolaore, Julián Fernández, Bruno Lomonte, Maria Lina Massimino, Fiorella TonelloAbstractAlmost all animal venoms contain secretory phospholipases A2 (PLA2s), 14 kDa disulfide-rich enzymes that hydrolyze membrane phospholipids at the sn-2 position, releasing lysophospholipids and fatty acids. These proteins, depending on their sequence, show a wide variety of biochemical, toxic...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:19
LWT
Author(s): María Verónica Fernandez, Macarena Bengardino, Rosa Juana Jagus, María Victoria AgüeroAbstractThis study aims to assess beet leaves extracts (BLE) potential for fruit and vegetable smoothie enrichment and/or preservation. BLE presented a total phenolic content (TPC: 132.43 ± 1.51 g kg−1 dry weight (DW) basis) and an antioxidant capacity (219.2 ± 23.4 mmol kg−1 DW for FRAP and 28.9 ± 0....
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:15
Sixteen sites in the watershed of the South Fork of the Broad River (SFBR) in Northeastern Georgia, USA, were sampled in two seasons to detect Campylobacter. Sites were classified as mostly influenced by forest, pasture, wastewater pollution control plants (WPC) or mixed‐use. Sampling was repeated in the late spring and late fall for two years for a total of 126 samples. Free‐catch water and...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:14
Aims To study the antimicrobial agents of the Bacillus velezensis strain HC6 and assess the application potential of Bacillus velezensis HC6 in maize. Methods and Results We applied a dual culture technique to test the antimicrobial activity of B. velezensis HC6 against bacteria and fungi of common contaminated crops. B. velezensis HC6 showed antagonistic action on pathogenic fungi, including...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:14
Aims This study investigated the efficacy of Hydrogen Peroxide Vapour (HPV) at inactivating Hazard Group 3 bacteria that have been presented dried from their growth medium to present a realistic challenge. Methods and Results HPV technology (Bioquell) was used to decontaminate a class III microbiological safety cabinet containing biological indicators (BIs) made by drying standard working...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:13
The structure and diversity of microbial communities in the leaves of Cinnamomum camphora at different growth stages were studied by high-throughput sequencing. Moreover, the relationships between microbial communities and borneol content were analyzed in this paper. The results indicated that the community structure of endophytic bacteria in C. camphora exhibited temporal variations, with the...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:13
Foodborne viral diseases are a major public health threat and pose a huge burden on the economies of both developed and developing countries. Enteric viruses are the causative agents of most foodborne illnesses and outbreaks. Egypt is classified by WHO among the regions with intermediate to high endemicity for various enteric viruses. This is manifested by the high prevalence rates of different...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:12
Infections caused by multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) lead to considerable morbidity and mortality. The elderly population residing in nursing homes are a major reservoir of MDRO. Our objective was to characterize the fecal microbiome of 82 elderly subjects from 23 nursing homes and compare their resistome to that of healthy young persons. Comparisons of microbiome composition and the...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:12
Staphylococcus aureus is a commensal colonizer of both humans and animals, but also an opportunistic pathogen responsible for a multitude of diseases. In recent years, colonization of pigs by methicillin resistant S. aureus has become a problem with increasing numbers of humans being infected by livestock strains. In S. aureus colonization and virulence factor expression is controlled by the agr...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:12
Bovine mastitis is an ongoing significant concern in the dairy and agricultural industry resulting in substantial losses in milk production and revenue. Among the predominant etiological agents of bovine mastitis are Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus uberis, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, and Escherichia coli. Currently, the treatment of choice for bovine mastitis involves the use of commercial...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:12
Human norovirus (HuNoV) GII.P17-GII.17 (Kawasaki2014 variant) reportedly emerged in 2014 and caused gastroenteritis outbreaks worldwide. To clarify the evolution of both VP1 and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) regions of GII.P17-GII.17, we analyzed both global and novel Japanese strains detected during 2013–2017. Time-scaled phylogenetic trees revealed that the ancestral GII.17 VP1 region...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:12
The calcineurin pathway is an important signaling cascade for growth, sexual development, stress response, and pathogenicity in fungi. In this study, we investigated the function of CrzA, a key transcription factor of the calcineurin pathway, in an aflatoxin-producing fungus Aspergillus flavus (A. flavus). To examine the role of the crzA gene, crzA deletion mutant strains in A. flavus were...
Sat, 09/28/2019 - 03:12
Enzymatic treatment is an attractive method for mycotoxin detoxification, which ideally prefers the use of one or a few enzymes. However, this is challenged by the diverse structures and co-contamination of multiple mycotoxins in food and feed. Lignin-degrading fungi have been discovered to detoxify organics including mycotoxins. Manganese peroxidase (MnP) is a major enzyme responsible for lignin...
Fri, 09/27/2019 - 03:17
LWT
Author(s): Yuxiang Zhang, Jianping Wei, Hong Chen, Zihan Song, Hong Guo, Yahong Yuan, Tianli YueAbstractStenotrophomonas maltophilia has both the pathogenic potential and the ability to cause food spoilage, and is characterized by multi-resistance to many antibiotics. Essential oils (EOs) have been reported as good antimicrobial agents. In this study, seven EOs were selected to evaluate the...
Fri, 09/27/2019 - 03:14
In the current study, psychrophilic, endolithic, and epilithic bacterial strains were isolated and characterized from the nonpolar Laohugou glacier (LHG) no. 12, the largest valley glacier in the western Qilian Mts. located on the northeastern edge of the Tibetan Plateau. Five different types of samples, rocks, soil, glacial water, ice/snow, and cryoconite, were collected. A total of 48 bacterial...
Fri, 09/27/2019 - 03:11
ABSTRACT The sea anemone Entacmaea medusivora (Actiniaria, Anthozoa) commonly feeds on the golden jellyfish Mastigias papua (Rhizostomeae, Scyphozoa) which harbours an endosymbiotic dinoflagellate of the genus Cladocopium (Symbiodiniaceae). In this study, we monitored the photosynthetic activity of the endosymbiotic microalgae while their host jellyfish were ingested and digested by starved...
Fri, 09/27/2019 - 03:11
Background Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) populations are detected in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of some people on suppressive antiretroviral therapy (ART). Detailed analysis of these populations may reveal whether they are produced by central nervous system (CNS) reservoirs. Methods We performed a study of 101 asymptomatic participants on stable ART. HIV-1 RNA concentrations were...
Fri, 09/27/2019 - 03:11
In warm agricultural areas across the globe, maize, groundnut, and other crops become frequently contaminated with aflatoxins produced primarily by the fungus Aspergillus flavus. Crop contamination with those highly toxic and carcinogenic compounds impacts both human and animal health, as well as the income of farmers and trade. In Nigeria, poultry productivity is hindered by high prevalence of...
Thu, 09/26/2019 - 03:21
by Sangay Tenzin, Abiodun David Ogunniyi, Manouchehr Khazandi, Sergio Ferro, Jonathon Bartsch, Simon Crabb, Sam Abraham, Permal Deo, Darren J. Trott An electrochemically activated solution (ECAS), generated by electrolysis of a dilute sodium chloride solution in a four-chamber electrolytic cell (Ecas4), was tested as a sanitising aerosol in eliminating bacteria from the environment of a weaning...
Thu, 09/26/2019 - 03:21
by Phuc Pham-Duc, Meghan A. Cook, Hanh Cong-Hong, Hang Nguyen-Thuy, Pawin Padungtod, Hien Nguyen-Thi, Sinh Dang-Xuan The use of antibiotics in livestock production is considered a major driver of antibiotic resistance on a global scale. In Vietnam, small- and medium-scale livestock producers dominate the domestic market and regulatory pushes have done little to decrease antibiotic use. In order...
Thu, 09/26/2019 - 03:21
Author(s): Pattrathip Rodsamran, Rungsinee SothornvitAbstractMicrowave heating extraction (ME) of pectin from pineapple peel were investigated. The yield was 1.02-2.12% with good quality of pectin. Increasing irradiation time (30 to 60 min) increased yield but decreased qualities. The whole pineapple peel pectin extract solution (PPS) was used as a solvent and plasticizer in film formation....
Thu, 09/26/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Wael El-Deeb, Ibrahim Ghoneim, Mahmoud Fayez, Ibrahim Elsohaby, Abdulrahman Alhaider, Magdy ElGioushyAbstractAcute phase proteins (APPs) and oxidative stress are helpful markers in diagnosing of several infectious diseases. APPs, proinflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress markers were evaluated for their role in the diagnosis of naturally acquired Coxiella burnetii (Q fever)...
Thu, 09/26/2019 - 03:20
Author(s): Suhyun Park, Yeongwan Hong, Jiyun Lee, Younglim Kho, Kyunghee JiAbstractBisphenol S (BPS) and 4-hydroxyphenyl 4-isoprooxyphenylsulfone (BPSIP) have been used as substitutes for bisphenol A (BPA) owing to increased regulation of BPA in plastics. In this study, long-term toxicity tests of BPS and BPSIP were performed using Daphnia magna and Moina macrocopa. The predicted no-effect...
Thu, 09/26/2019 - 03:19
LWT
Author(s): Chantelle Human, Dalene de Beer, Marique Aucamp, Isa J. Marx, Christiaan J. Malherbe, Marinda Viljoen-Bloom, Marieta van der Rijst, Elizabeth JoubertAbstractGreen rooibos extract containing high levels of aspalathin, a dihydrochalcone antioxidant, and the carrier chitosan, both an antioxidant and antimicrobial agent, was used to produce a dual-purpose food ingredient powder by spray-...
Thu, 09/26/2019 - 03:17
Towards the continuous improvement of its inspection system, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is developing an Establishment‐based Risk Assessment model for Hatcheries to allocate inspection resources based on the food safety risk associated with the Canadian hatcheries falling under its jurisdiction. The objectives of the current study were to identify and select critical food safety‐...
Thu, 09/26/2019 - 03:16
Silk fibers were carbonized to develop a biomass carbon material as an adsorbent for solid‐phase microextraction. The surface structure of the carbonized silk fibers was characterized by scanning electron microscope, and the graphitization degree was determined by Raman spectrometer. After the carbonization under high temperature, the orderliness and structural regularity of carbon atoms on silk...
Thu, 09/26/2019 - 03:16
The yigP (ubiJ) locus has been shown to be associated with many phenotypic changes in Escherichia coli, while the individual function of its two products, EsrE small RNA and UbiJ protein, is still elusive. In this study, we constructed two single‐element mutants, EsrE mutant strain Mut and UbiJ mutant strain Ter, on the basis of the base substitution programs. The variable antibiotics resistance...

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