Research Publications from Peer-Reviewed Journals

The Research Publications track research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. The most recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal Title, Subject, USDA Grant Funding Agencies or FDA Grant Funding Agencies. The research publications are tracked across five subject areas: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, and Viruses.

Mon, 06/15/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): Jun-hui Su, Ming-na Yang, Fei Teng, Xiao-long Zhang, You-gui Pan, Yue Hu, Li-bin Xiao, Li-zhen Pan, Li-xi Li, Ling-jing Jin Facial synkinesis can be present in both primary and postparalytic hemifacial spasm (HFS). The present retrospective study aimed to summarize the clinical features of synkinesis and explore an appropriate botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) injection strategy to manage the...
Mon, 06/15/2020 - 02:02
It is known that the current treatment for toxoplasmosis causes side effects. Thus, it is essential to develop new therapies with reduced adverse effects while concurrently maintaining broad coverage and prophylactic therapy. Melatonin is a hormone that participates in the circadian cycle in vertebrates and has antioxidant, immunomodulatory, and antitumoral functions. In addition, it has been...
Mon, 06/15/2020 - 00:00
Botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) is a potent protein that can selectively modulate neurotransmission from nerve endings, resulting in the blocking of neurotransmitter releases and causing muscular paralysis [...]
Sun, 06/14/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Esmeralda Dushku, Charalampos Kotzamanidis, Kalodoti Avgousti, Antonios Zdragas, George Vafeas, Virginia Giantzi, Alexandra Staikou, Minas Yiangou Listeria monocytogenes strains were isolated from Cornu aspersum maxima snails from farm units experiencing high mortalities and were characterized by phenotypic, molecular and biochemical criteria. A high heterogeneity was observed in the...
Sun, 06/14/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): G.Y.Y. Faria, M.M. Souza, J.R.M. Oliveira, C.S.B. Costa, M.P. Collares, C. Prentic The effect of the glow discharge cold plasma pretreatment (CPT) was investigated on the ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) of phenolic compounds from sea asparagus Salicornia neei. The extract was applied in dry fermented sausage (Italian salami). Thermal extraction methods demand a long processing...
Sun, 06/14/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Seung Young Lee, Hyeon Hwa Park, Sea C. Min Pulsed light plasma (PLP) treatment was developed as a simultaneous treatment with cold plasma (CP) and intense pulsed light (IPL) to inactivate Aspergillus flavus spores, Bacillus pumilus spores, and Escherichia coli O157:H7 in red pepper flakes. PLP treatment non-thermally inactivated A. flavus spores, B. pumilus spores, and E. coli O157:H7...
Sun, 06/14/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Yanan Yuan, Yehong Han, Dandan Han, Chunliu Yang, Hongyuan Yan Due to the excessive use of pesticides, which presents a threat to public health, large quantities of vegetables and fruits need to be analyzed. Herein, a rapid, low-cost, miniaturized ultrasound-assisted dispersive-filter extraction (UADFE), coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was developed for the...
Sun, 06/14/2020 - 06:07
Author(s): Chaochao Chen, Xuezhi Yu, Diangang Han, Jun Ai, Yuebin Ke, Zhanhui Wang, Geng Meng New developing gold nanorods (AuNRs) is a promising alternative of gold nanospheres in the immunochromatographic assay (ICA) for the rapid screening of mycotoxins in cereals because of its unique three-dimensional structure. Nevertheless, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) was used to prepare of AuNRs...
Sun, 06/14/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): Kristi Tatsi, Thomas H. Hutchinson, Richard D. Handy The bioaccumulation potential and toxic effects of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) to earthworms are poorly understood. Two studies were conducted following OECD TG 222 on Eisenia fetida to assess the effects of CdTe QDs with different coatings and soil ageing respectively. Earthworms were exposed to carboxylate (COOH), ammonium (NH4...
Sun, 06/14/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): Alina Wiszniewska, Iwona Kamińska, Ewa Hanus-Fajerska, Elwira Sliwinska, Aleksandra Koźmińska This study compared co-tolerance to salinity and cadmium and investigated its mechanisms in a facultative metallophyte Silene vulgaris originating from distinct habitats. Shoots of calamine (Cal) and non-metallicolous (N-Cal) ecotypes grown in vitro were exposed to 10 and 100 mM NaCl, 5 μM...
Sun, 06/14/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): Qingtie Xiao, Yujie Wang, Qixin Lü, Huanhuan Wen, Bolun Han, Shen Chen, Xinyu Zheng, Ruiyu Lin Screening new accumulators of heavy metal and identifying their tolerance, enrichment capacity of heavy metals are currently hot issues in phytoremediation research. A series of hydroponic experiments were conducted to analyze the effects of glutathione and phytochelatins in roots, stems, and...
Sun, 06/14/2020 - 00:00
Ochratoxins, patulin, deoxynivalenol, and T-2 toxin are mycotoxins, and common contaminants in food and drinks. Human serum albumin (HSA) forms complexes with certain mycotoxins. Since HSA can affect the toxicokinetics of bound ligand molecules, the potential interactions of ochratoxin B (OTB), ochratoxin C (OTC), patulin, deoxynivalenol, and T-2 toxin with HSA were examined, employing...
Sun, 06/14/2020 - 00:00
Differences in botulinum neurotoxin manufacturing, formulation, and potency evaluation can impact dose and biological activity, which ultimately affect duration of action. The potency of different labeled vials of incobotulinumtoxinA (Xeomin®; 50 U, 100 U, or 200 U vials; incobotA) versus onabotulinumtoxinA (BOTOX®; 100 U vial; onabotA) were compared on a unit-to-unit basis to...
Sun, 06/14/2020 - 00:00
This study reported the phytochemical composition of two hydroethanolic extracts of Acacia senegal and Acacia seyal trees from Burkina Faso and their activities, alone or in combination with selected antibiotics, against multidrug resistant bacteria. High performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) method was used for phytochemical screening. Total phenolic and total flavonoid ant tannins in...
Sun, 06/14/2020 - 00:00
The discovery of antibiotics has revolutionized the medicine and treatment of microbial infections. However, the current scenario has highlighted the difficulties in marketing new antibiotics and an exponential increase in the appearance of resistant strains. On the other hand, research in the field of drug-discovery has revaluated the potential of natural products as a unique source for new...
Sat, 06/13/2020 - 22:09
There is a need to develop food processing technologies with enhanced antimicrobial capacity against foodborne pathogens. While considering the challenges of adequate inactivation of pathogenic microorganisms in different food matrices, the emerging technologies are also expected to be sustainable and have a minimum impact on food quality and nutrients. Synergistic combinations of food processing...
Sat, 06/13/2020 - 18:01
In this research, first, ZnO nanorods were synthesized by hydrothermal method and characterized in terms of morphological and structural properties by means of field emission scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared, and X-ray diffraction techniques. Subsequently, polylactic acid/ZnO, polylactic acid/TiO2, and polylactic acid/ZnO/TiO2 nanocomposites with different percentages of...
Sat, 06/13/2020 - 14:03
Starting from the suspicion that the medicinal herbs may contain traces of pesticides and taking into account the risks of patients being exposed to contaminated products, the aim of this research was to evaluate the pesticide residues and the degree of their transfer (%) in three types of preparations (infusion, decoctionand cold maceration), for four medicinal plant species very often used in...
Sat, 06/13/2020 - 14:03
In the present study, tea variety and proportions and tea nang production conditions were optimised to improve tea nang flavour, and dynamic changes in polyphenols and acrylamide content were determined. Orthogonal experimental design was adopted to optimise processing of low-acrylamide tea nang through a multi-index integrated evaluation method (MIEM) and a single-index balanced evaluation...
Sat, 06/13/2020 - 08:01
by Tugce Olgun, Sydney E. Everhart, Troy Anderson, Judy Wu-Smart Managed honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) and wild bees provide critical ecological services that shape and sustain natural, agricultural, and urban landscapes. In recent years, declines in bee populations have highlighted the importance of the pollination services they provide and the need for more research into the reasons for global...
Sat, 06/13/2020 - 08:01
by Suraja J. Raj, Yuke Wang, Habib Yakubu, Katharine Robb, Casey Siesel, Jamie Green, Amy Kirby, Wolfgang Mairinger, James Michiel, Clair Null, Eddy Perez, Katherine Roguski, Christine L. Moe Inadequate sanitation can lead to exposure to fecal contamination through multiple environmental pathways and can result in adverse health outcomes. By understanding the relative importance of multiple...
Sat, 06/13/2020 - 08:01
by Vaithish Velazhahan, Przemyslaw Glaza, Alvaro I. Herrera, Om Prakash, Michal Zolkiewski, Brian V. Geisbrecht, Kathrin Schrick Flavonoids are plant-derived compounds that occur abundantly in fruits and vegetables and have been shown to possess potent anti-cancer, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. However, their direct targets and molecular mechanism of action are not well...
Sat, 06/13/2020 - 08:01
Safety implications of the presence of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in the environment and selected ready-to-eat foods were investigated to determine the impact of wet and dry seasons on food safety in some parts of Port Harcourt. The study was carried out using complete randomized block design in three (3) factorial experiment. The experiment was conducted in dry and wet seasons along the 3...
Sat, 06/13/2020 - 06:10
Author(s): Mariana C. Ferrero, Iván M. Alonso Paiva, Florencia Muñoz González, Pablo C. Baldi Brucella infection is frequently acquired through the respiratory route. The pathogen disseminates systemically from the lungs to infect peripheral organs. In this review we summarize the existing data on the pathogenesis of inhalational Brucella infection, the pulmonary immune response to the pathogen,...
Sat, 06/13/2020 - 06:09
Author(s): Anna Kristina Witte, Birgit Bromberger, Patrick Mester, Christian Robben, Dagmar Schoder, Eva Streit, Peter Rossmanith Diagnostic strategies to detect foodborne pathogens such as L. monocytogenes in food processing environments are cost- and time-consuming necessities to ensure safe food. In this study we present in-house monitoring data of a relatively novel direct enrichment PCR (DEP...
Sat, 06/13/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): Janie McClurkin Moore, Klein E. Ileleji, Kevin Keener The increase in ethanol production continues to drive the availability of distillers' grains, which are used as an animal feed for cattle, swine and poultry. In its wet state this co-product of the ethanol production process must be fed or treated before spoiling and reaching its shelf-life, only 3–5 days after production. Novel...
Sat, 06/13/2020 - 06:08
Author(s): Huihuang Xiong, Lan Guo, Xuejin Mao, Ting Tan, Hao Wan, Yiqun Wan A magnetic hydrophilic molecularly imprinted material (MIM) with multiple stimuli-responses was prepared for efficient recognition of bisphenol A (BPA). MIM consisted of a magnetic core, an inner silica dioxide shell and an outer hydrophilic polymer shell, responsive for rapid magnetic separation, protection of the...
Sat, 06/13/2020 - 02:01
A combined process comprised of electro-Fenton and bioslurry (EF–bioslurry) was developed at lab scale for remediating a real coking plant soil with an initial polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) content of 3605 mg/kg. Sodium citrate was used as a complexant to keep the iron in solution at near-neutral pH conditions for increasing the reaction rate. The appropriate order of application was to...
Sat, 06/13/2020 - 02:01
Abstract Aims The study aimed at characterizing the patterns of natural variation in the tolerance and accumulation capacities for zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd), and nickel (Ni) between and within edaphic ecotypes of the Zn/Cd/Ni hyperaccumulator, Noccaea caerulescens. Methods Tolerance was assessed in a hydroponic ‘sequential exposure’ test, using the lowest concentration that completely arrested...
Sat, 06/13/2020 - 00:00
Blooms of the ichthyotoxic dinoflagellate Cochlodinium polykrikoides are responsible for massive fish mortality events in Korean coastal waters (KCW). They have been consistently present in southern KCW over the last two decades, but they were not observed in 2016, unlike in the previous years. Despite extensive studies, the cause of this absence of this dinoflagellate bloom remains largely...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 22:11
Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) subtype H5N8 outbreaks occurred in poultry farms in France in 2016‐17, resulting in significant economic losses and disruption to the poultry industry. Current evidence on associations between actual on‐farm biosecurity risk factors and H5N8 occurrence is limited. Therefore, a retrospective matched case‐control study was undertaken to investigate the inter...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 22:09
Bacterial toxins are food safety hazards causing about 10% of all reported foodborne outbreaks in Europe. Pertinent to Gram‐positive pathogens, the most relevant toxins are emetic toxin and diarrheal enterotoxins of Bacillus cereus, neurotoxins of Clostridium botulinum, enterotoxin of Clostridium perfringens, and a family of enterotoxins produced by Staphylococcus aureus and some other...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 16:00
Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) is one of the most economically important fruits of the Cucurbitaceae family, therefore consideration of potential pesticide residues in the fruit in the context of cucumber breeding and production programs is important. Propamocarb (a pesticide commonly used to prevent downy mildew) is widely used in cucumber cultivation, but the molecular mechanism underlying the...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 16:00
Almond is a desirable and high-quality food source where the presence of nut allergens and a vulnerability to aflatoxin and Salmonella contamination represent threats to consumer safety. In 2019, over 1 billion kg. of almonds, representing over 80% of the world total, were produced in California from a relatively few varieties with a very narrow genetic base. To address emerging needs mandated by...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 16:00
Increasing food demand under climate change constraints may challenge and strain agricultural systems. The use of crop models to assess genotypes performance across diverse target environments and management practices, i.e., the genetic × environment × management interaction (GEMI), can help understand suitability of genotype and agronomic practices, and possibly accelerate turnaround in plant...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 16:00
Yaks provide necessities such as meat and milk for Tibetans living at high altitudes on and around the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Enterococci are ubiquitous members of the animal gut microbiota that can cause biofilm-associated opportunistic infections. Meanwhile, multidrug-resistant Enterococcus also poses a serious threat to public health. This study aims to characterize antibiotic resistance,...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 16:00
Evaluating the risk of colorectal metachronous adenoma (MA), which is a precancerous lesion, is necessary for metachronous colorectal cancer (CRC) precaution among CRC patients who had underwent surgical removal of their primary tumor. Here, discovery cohort (n = 41) and validation cohort (n = 45) of CRC patients were prospectively enrolled in this study. Mucosal and fecal samples were used for...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 16:00
Toxoplasma gondii is the causative agent of toxoplasmosis in animals and humans. This infection is transmitted to humans through oocysts released in the feces of the felines into the environment or by ingestion of undercooked meat. This implies that toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease and T. gondii is a foodborne pathogen. In addition, chronic toxoplasmosis in goats and sheep is the cause of...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 08:01
Soil cadmium (Cd) pollution threatens food safety. This study aimed to identify genes related to Cd accumulation in rice. Low- (Shennong 315, short for S315) and high- (Shendao 47, short for S47) Cd-accumulative rice cultivars were incubated with CdCl2·2.5H2O. RNA-seq and weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) were performed to identify the modules and genes associated with Cd-...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 08:01
by Savannah J. Taylor, Sebastian E. Winter Infection with nontyphoidal Salmonella strains, such as Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) commonly causes foodborne bacterial gastroenteritis. Studies on the pathogenesis of S. Typhimurium infection often focus on bona fide virulence factors. S. Typhimurium produces two distinct type III secretion systems that allow for the...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 08:01
by Christopher A. Baker, Shinyoung Lee, Jaysankar De, Kwangcheol C. Jeong, Keith R. Schneider While the soil microbiome may influence pathogen survival, determining the major contributors that reduce pathogen survival is inconclusive. This research was performed to determine the survival of E. coli O157 in autoclaved and natural (unautoclaved) sandy soils. Soils were inoculated with three...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 08:01
Viruses, as obligate intracellular parasites, exploit cellular pathways and resources in a variety of fascinating ways. A striking example of this is the remodelling of intracellular membranes into specialized structures that support the replication of positive-sense ssRNA (+RNA) viruses infecting eukaryotes. These distinct forms of virus-induced structures include double-membrane vesicles (DMVs...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Mathilde Payen, María Pardos de la Gándara, Aurélie Cointe, Alix Massiot, Philippe Bidet, François-Xavier Weill, Stéphane Bonacorsi Here, we describe a case of a non-typhoidal Salmonella disease caused by a Salmonella enterica serovar 4,5:i:- (monophasic Salmonella Typhimurium) which acquired a Lac operon. This lactose-fermenting bacterium presents a major challenge for phenotypical...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 06:06
Author(s): Mingjun Sun, Mengda Liu, Xiyue Zhang, Ge Zhang, Liangquan Zhu, Jiabo Ding, Zhicheng Zhang, Shixiong Sun, Shufang Sun, Weixing Shao, Peipei Zhang, Jiandong Zhang, Xiangxiang Sun, Xuezheng Fan, Rong Wei Brucellosis is one of the major zoonotic diseases in the world. In China, understanding on its causative agent Brucella is still limited. Recently, we isolated a Brucella strain XZ19-1...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 06:05
Author(s): Miroslav Pernis, Ludovit Skultety, Viktor Shevchenko, Katarina Klubicova, Namik Rashydov, Maksym Danchenko Ionizing radiation is a genotoxic anthropogenic stressor. It can cause heritable changes in the plant genome, which can be either adaptive or detrimental. There is still considerable uncertainty about the effects of chronic low-intensity doses since earlier studies reported...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 04:02
Plant fungal diseases have caused great decreases in crop quality and yield. As one of the considerable agricultural diseases, cucumber downy mildew (CDM) caused by pseudoperonospora cubensis seriously influences the production of cucumber. Amisulbrom is a commercial agricultural fungicide developed by Nissan Chemical, Ltd., for the control of oomycetes diseases that is highly effective against...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 04:02
Bacterial infections are urgent threats to human health, especially in light of rising rates of antibiotic resistance, and their ubiquity demands the development of efficient diagnostic platforms. Electrochemical biosensors for point-of-care testing are garnering interest due to their speed, sensitivity, and selectivity as well as their inexpensive, user-friendly operation. These biosensors have...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 04:02
Antibiotic residues in consumer foods pose a threat to human health and contribute to increasing antimicrobial resistance. The study was conducted from January to July 2019 in six provinces in Viet Nam. In total, 360 pork samples and 360 chicken meat samples were collected for analysis. The samples were first screened with an ELISA test kit for residues in the beta-lactam, tetracycline and...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 04:02
Hospital-acquired infections caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli are a global problem. Healthy people can carry ESBL-producing E. coli in their intestines; thus, E. coli from healthy people can potentially cause hospital-acquired infections. Therefore, the transmission routes of ESBL-producing E. coli from healthy persons should be determined.A foodborne...
Fri, 06/12/2020 - 04:02
The aim of the study was to determine the levels of aflatoxin B1 (AFB 1 ) and ochratoxin A (OTA) in durum wheat samples collected over six period of time, from two official warehouses A and B in Lebanon. The concentrations of AFB 1 in wheat samples taken from warehouses A and B were ranging from 1.05 to 7.36 µg/kg. Results showed that 23.3% and 25.3% of samples taken from warehouse A and B...

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