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Nutritive and Non-Nutritive Sweeteners

Nutritive sweeteners, also known as caloric sweeteners or sugars, provide energy in the form of carbohydrates. Nonnutritive sweeteners, also called sugar substitutes or artificial sweeteners, are alternatives that contain zero or very low amounts of carbohydrates or energy.

On this page, explore resources about sugar, honey, stevia, aspartame, and other common nutritive and non-nutritive sweeteners.

General Resources

Sweeteners - Sugars

MedlinePlus at the National Library of Medicine has information about common sugars, including sugar alcohols and natural sugars. Also in Spanish/Español.

Nutrition for Health and Fitness: Sugar and Other Sweeteners

Information about different types of sweeteners, food sources of added sugars, and tips for consuming less added sugars from UF/IFAS Extension.

Dietary Sugar and Alternative Sweeteners

Details about the health impacts of added sugars and simple swaps to lower sugar intake from the OSU Extension.

Evidence Analysis Library: Nutritive and Non-Nutritive Sweeteners

Evidence analysis Q&A from the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics' (AND) Evidence Analysis Library (EAL) Nutritive and Non-Nutritive Sweeteners systematic review project.

Nutritive Sweeteners

Non-Nutritive Sweeteners

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