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Research Publications (Food Safety)

This page tracks research articles published in national and international peer-reviewed journals. Recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal, Article Title, and Category. Research publications are tracked across six categories: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, Produce Safety, and Viruses. Articles produced by USDA Grant Funding Agencies (requires login) and FDA Grant Funding Agencies (requires login) are also tracked in Scopus.

Displaying 1 - 25 of 1178

  1. Inoculum sources and management of bean scab caused by Elsinoë phaseoli

    • Journal of Phytopathology
    • Abstract Bean scab caused by Elsinoë phaseoli is a major challenge to common bean cultivation in Kenya. However, knowledge about its epidemiology and management is limited. This study conducted three experiments in Kakamega, Kenya, evaluating scab inoculum sources and control options. The first experiment evaluated three different inoculum sources over two seasons; bean crop residue caused the highest scab incidence in both the 2021 (62.1%) and 2022 (81.1%) seasons.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  2. Determination of trace amounts of metobromuron herbicide residues in fruits by QuEChERS and DLLME methods

    • Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
    • Food products have the potential to contain herbicide residues that may pose a threat to human health and the environment, and the determination of these residues at trace levels is extremely important. In this study, a rapid, simple, accurate and environmentally friendly DLLME-QuEChERS method was developed for the sensitive determination of metobromuron at trace levels in coconut-strawberry samples. Mass spectrometry coupled to gas chromatography was used to perform the analysis.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  3. Review on emerging applications of nanobiosensor in food safety

    • Journal of Food Science
    • Abstract Nanosensors have become an indispensable tool in the food sector due to their specificity and sensitivity. The biosensor consists of a transducer coupled with a biorecognition component to transform biological signal into digital signal. Nanobiosensors have been widely used for sensing toxic chemicals such as pesticide residues and pathogenic microbes owing to their accurate sensitivity in an affordable manner, which gives more hope to the food industry on their applications.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  4. Microwave‐Assisted “One‐Pot” Acidolysis and Extraction for the Rapid Determination of Mancozeb in Fruit and Vegetable Samples

    • Journal of Food Quality
    • Mancozeb is an extensively consumed fungicide, which often leaves high residue levels on agricultural products. The conventional method for detecting mancozeb involves a time‐consuming process using gas chromatography (GC) after a 2‐hour water‐bath acidolysis, resulting in low efficiency and recovery rates. This study developed a rapid method for detecting mancozeb in fruits and vegetables using microwave‐assisted acidolysis and extraction coupled with GC analysis.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  5. Determination of pesticide residues in oat flour using low-temperature partition extraction and GC–MS analysis

    • Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • A simple method based on solid–liquid extraction with a low-temperature partition (SLE/LTP) and analysis by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC–MS) was optimized and validated for determining residues of the pesticides triadimenol, flutriafol, λ-cyhalothrin, difenoconazole, and azoxystrobin in oat flour. A factorial design was employed to optimize the technique and establish the best conditions for the simultaneous extraction of the analytes.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  6. Pesticide Residues and Associated Public Health Risks in Vegetables from Irrigated Farms Adjacent to Rift Valley Lake Ziway, Ethiopia

    • Journal of Food Quality
    • The overuse of pesticides has resulted in the accumulation of harmful residues in vegetables, which requires monitoring to assess the risks to human health. This article presents the levels of 35 pesticide residues in 15 composite vegetable samples from irrigated farmlands adjacent to Lake Ziway, Ethiopia, using the QuEChERS extraction method (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe) and then analyzes them using GC‐MS.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  7. Antifungal activity of Cinnamomum camphora essential oil against Fusarium oxysporum and its application on postharvest blueberry fruits preservation

    • International Journal of Food Science & Technology
    • This study demonstrates that Cinnamomum camphora essential oil (CEO) effectively inhibits Fusarium oxysporum‐induced decay in postharvest blueberries by disrupting fungal cell membrane integrity and enhancing blueberry defence mechanisms. The findings suggest that CEO, as an eco‐friendly alternative to synthetic fungicides, can mitigate primary fungal invasion and improve blueberry preservation during postharvest storage.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
  8. Development of a chemiluminescence detection technique for malachite green

    • Journal of Food Safety
    • This study established a CLIA for trace detection of MG, and this is the first time that automated detection of MG residues has been achieved by combining POCT with CLIA. Abstract Malachite green (MG), a triphenylmethane dye is often used as a fungicide and preservative in fisheries due to its effectiveness against water molds in fish and fish eggs. However, excessive inhalation can be hazardous to human health.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  9. Review of the existing maximum residue levels for gamma‐cyhalothrin according to Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005

    • EFSA Journal
    • Abstract According to Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, EFSA has reviewed the maximum residue levels (MRLs) currently established at European level for the pesticide active substance gamma‐cyhalothrin.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  10. Statement on the toxicological properties and maximum residue levels of acetamiprid and its metabolites

    • EFSA Journal
    • Abstract Acetamiprid is a pesticide active substance with insecticidal action whose approval was renewed by Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/113. In January 2022, the EFSA PPR Panel published a statement following a request from the European Commission to advise on human health or the environment based on new scientific evidence presented by France during the decision‐making phase.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  11. Residue changes, degradation, processing factors and their relation between physicochemical properties of pesticides in peanuts during multiproduct processing

    • Food Chemistry
    • This study systematically investigates the residue changes, processing factors (PFs), and relation between the physicochemical properties of pesticides during peanut processing. Results revealed that peeling, washing, and boiling treatments removed partial or substantial pesticide residues from peanuts with PFs of 0.29–1.10 (most <1). By contrast, pesticides appeared to be partially concentrated during roasting, stir-frying, and deep-frying peanuts with PFs of 0.16–1.25.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  12. A new method based on melatonin-mediated seed germination to quickly remove pesticide residues and improve the nutritional quality of contaminated grains

    • PLOS ONE
    • by Lingyun Li, Baoyan Li, Henghua Qu, Shan Tian, Zimeng Xu, Lulu Zhao, Xueqin Li, Baoyou Liu In the present study, we attempted to use melatonin combined with germination treatment to remove pesticide residues from contaminated grains. High levels of pesticide residues were detected in soybean seeds after soaking with chlorothalonil (10 mM) and malathion (1 mM) for 2 hours.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  13. The 2022 European Union report on pesticide residues in food

    • EFSA Journal
    • Abstract Under European Union legislation (Article 32, Regulation (EC) No 396/2005), the European Food Safety Authority provides an annual report assessing the pesticide residue levels in foods on the European market. In 2022, 96.3% of the overall 110,829 samples analysed fell below the maximum residue level (MRL), 3.7% exceeded this level, of which 2.2% were non‐compliant, i.e. results in a given sample exceeded the MRL after taking into account the measurement uncertainty.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  14. Green synthesis of superhydrophilic resin/graphene oxide for efficient analysis of multiple pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables

    • Food Chemistry
    • The escalating use of pesticides on fruits and vegetables has raised concerns about potential health risks. Therefore, we developed a superhydrophilic resin/graphene oxide (SR/GO) with rich adsorption interactions using an eco-friendly synthetic approach. SR/GO demonstrated excellent hydrophilicity, ensuring optimal contact with aqueous sample matrices.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  15. Quantum dots as advanced nanomaterials for food quality and safety applications: A comprehensive review and future perspectives

    • Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety
    • Abstract The importance of food quality and safety lies in ensuring the best product quality to meet consumer demands and public health. Advanced technologies play a crucial role in minimizing the risk of foodborne illnesses, contamination, drug residue, and other potential hazards in food. Significant materials and technological advancements have been made throughout the food supply chain.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
      • Pesticide residues
  16. Analysis of 207 residual pesticides in hot pepper powder using LC–MS/MS

    • Food Science and Biotechnology
    • This study investigated the determination of 207 pesticides in hot pepper powder and found patterns of pesticide use by production from five regions, detecting a total of 50 pesticides. The LOD, LOQ and recoveries of pesticides were 0.08–2.53, 0.25–7.60 μg kg−1, and 81.0–132.1%, respectively. The Horrat values ranged from 0.07 to 1.97. A total of 50 residual pesticides were detected in 963 hot pepper powder samples.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  17. Residue behaviors and dietary risk assessments of four field-applied pesticides in common food products derived from goji berries (Lycium barbarum L.)

    • Food Control
    • Lycium barbarum L., also known as goji berry, is popular in China and across the world as both a food and a medicine. The pervasive use of chemical pesticides has led to widespread contamination of raw goji berries, although the impacts of pesticide contamination on goji berry-derived products have not yet been thoroughly characterized.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  18. In‐package cold plasma treatment to extend the shelf life of food

    • Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety
    • Abstract Conventional food preservation methods such as heat treatment, irradiation, chemical treatment, refrigeration, and coating have various disadvantages, like loss of food quality, nutrition, and cost‐effectiveness. Accordingly, cold plasma is one of the new technologies for food processing and has played an important role in preventing food spoilage. Specifically, in‐package cold plasma has become a modern trend to decontaminate, process, and package food simultaneously.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
      • Produce Safety
      • Leafy Greens
  19. Porous poly(bismaleimide‐co‐divinylbenzene) microspheres as dispersive solid‐phase extraction adsorbent coupled to high‐performance liquid chromatography for the determination of triazine herbicide residues in vegetable samples

    • Journal of Separation Science
    • In this work, monodisperse and nano‐porous poly(bismaleimide‐co‐divinylbenzene) microspheres with large specific surface area (427.6 m2/g) and rich pore structure were prepared by one‐pot self‐stable precipitation polymerization of 2,2′‐bis[4‐(4‐maleimidophenoxy) phenyl] propane and divinylbenzene. The prepared poly(bismaleimide‐co‐divinylbenzene) microspheres were employed as dispersive solid‐phase extraction (DSPE) adsorbent for the extraction of triazine herbicides.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  20. Deep eutectic solvent–based pressurized liquid extraction combined with dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction of organophosphorus pesticide residues in egg powder prior to high‐performance liquid chromatography analysis

    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Herein, a deep eutectic solvent (DES)‐based miniaturized pressurized liquid extraction in combination with DES‐based dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction (DLLME) was developed for the extraction of organophosphorus pesticides (parathion–methyl, triazophos, parathion, diazinon, and phoxim) from egg powder samples prior to their analysis by a high‐performance liquid chromatography‐diode array detector.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  21. Multiresidue Pesticide Analysis in Onion Using GC-MS/MS Using Modified QuEChERS Method with Zirconium Oxide Nanoparticle

    • Food Analytical Methods
    • In this research, a straightforward sample treatment for multiresidue pesticide evaluation of onion samples was developed using the solid-phase extraction/quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and secure (SPE/QuEChERS) method. The suggested technique is based on acetonitrile liquid-liquid partitioning, then follows dispersive solid-phase extraction with ZrO2 particles for extract purification. ZrO2 is synthesized via co precipitation and analyzed via XRD, FTIR, and SEM.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  22. Effect of aqueous ozone treatment on the reduction of chlorpyrifos and physicochemical and microbial qualities of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.): Process modeling and optimization

    • Journal of Food Process Engineering
    • This study explored the impact of aqueous ozone treatment on chlorpyrifos degradation in cucumbers, optimizing conditions using both response surface methodology (RSM) and artificial neural network‐genetic algorithm (ANN‐GA). While both models demonstrated high predictability, the ANN optimized conditions surpassed RSM in chlorpyrifos degradation, resulting in enhanced physicochemical and microbial qualities in cucumbers.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
      • Produce Safety
      • Fresh Cut
  23. Upcycling Romaine lettuce outer leaves by infrared blanching and hot air drying

    • Journal of Food Science
    • Abstract Romaine lettuce outer leaves, as opposed to the more commonly marketed heart, are typically discarded and present an opportunity for upcycling as dried powders. Duquesne Romaine lettuce was evaluated to quantify and compare quality attributes of fresh outer and heart leaves, dried powders following hot air drying, and dried powders following an infrared (IR) blanching pretreatment before drying.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
      • Pesticide residues
  24. Efficacy, persistence and residue levels of fungicides for Botrytis control in wild blueberry

    • Crop Protection
    • Botrytis blossom blight disease is one of the major challenges to wild blueberry production with annual losses frequently exceeding 20%. In this study, the effect of different fungicide treatments on Botrytis blight development and yield, as well as the mobility and persistence of these fungicides within flower tissues, and fruit of wild blueberries were evaluated under field conditions.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  25. Biochemical Response of the Endogeic Earthworm (Balanteodrilus extremus) Exposed to Tropical Soils

    • Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • This work evaluated the biochemical responses of the endogeic earthworm Balanteodrilus extremus exposed for 14 and 48 days (d) to soils collected from two tropical agricultural systems: maize-sorghum (MS) and soybean-sorghum (SS). A soil without agricultural management (WAM) and the use of pesticides was selected as a reference. The presence of organochlorine (OC) and organophosphate (OP) pesticide residues was quantified in MS and SS soils.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues