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Research Publications (Food Safety)

The Food Safety Publications tracks research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. Recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal, Article Title, and Category. The research publications are tracked across six categories: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, Produce Safety, and Viruses. Articles produced by USDA Grant Funding Agencies and FDA Grant Funding Agencies are also tracked.

Displaying 1 - 20 of 20

  1. Species Sensitivity Distributions of Benthic Macroinvertebrates in Fludioxonil-Spiked Sediment Toxicity Tests

    • Sun, 04/24/2022 - 04:00
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • The fungicide fludioxonil, given its physicochemical properties, potentially accumulates and persists in sediments. Fludioxonil has a widespread agricultural use to control various fungal diseases. Its residues may cause toxic effects to benthic aquatic fauna, thereby impacting ecosystem service functions of aquatic ecosystems.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  2. The Longitudinal Profile of a Stream Contaminated With 2,4-D and its Effects on Non-Target Species

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • Pesticides can cause harmful effects to aquatic communities, even at concentrations below the threshold limit established as guidelines for the water bodies by environmental agencies. In this research, an input of the herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (i.e., 2,4-D) was simulated under controlled conditions in a 500-m-long reach of a first-order tropical stream in Southeastern Brazil. Two water samplings at eight stations investigated the stream longitudinal contamination profile.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  3. Effectiveness of a Constructed Wetland with Carbon Filtration in Reducing Pesticides Associated with Agricultural Runoff

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • The Salinas Valley in Monterey County, California, USA, is a highly productive agricultural region. Irrigation runoff containing pesticides at concentrations toxic to aquatic organisms poses a threat to aquatic ecosystems within local watersheds.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  4. Organochlorine Pesticides and Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Sediment Impacted by Cage Aquaculture in the Volta Basin of Ghana

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • Seventeen organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and seven indicator polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) residues in 80 sediment samples from four cage aquaculture farms on the Volta Basin were determined to find out the extent of their contamination as well as their risk to biota in the aquatic ecosystem. The extracted residues of the OCPs and PCBs were analysed on a gas chromatograph equipped with an electron capture detector and mass spectrometer, respectively.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  5. Effectiveness of a Constructed Wetland with Carbon Filtration in Reducing Pesticides Associated with Agricultural Runoff

    • Fri, 01/07/2022 - 02:01
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • The Salinas Valley in Monterey County, California, USA, is a highly productive agricultural region. Irrigation runoff containing pesticides at concentrations toxic to aquatic organisms poses a threat to aquatic ecosystems within local watersheds.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  6. Organochlorine Pesticides and Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Sediment Impacted by Cage Aquaculture in the Volta Basin of Ghana

    • Sat, 11/20/2021 - 02:01
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • Seventeen organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and seven indicator polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) residues in 80 sediment samples from four cage aquaculture farms on the Volta Basin were determined to find out the extent of their contamination as well as their risk to biota in the aquatic ecosystem. The extracted residues of the OCPs and PCBs were analysed on a gas chromatograph equipped with an electron capture detector and mass spectrometer, respectively.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  7. Contamination of Water, Sediment and Fish with Residues of Pesticides Used in Cotton Production in Northern Benin

    • Wed, 09/15/2021 - 02:01
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • In Northern Benin, insecticides are used for cotton production. These insecticides can be easily transferred to water ponds close to cotton fields. To monitor insecticides levels in water, sediments and fish samples from water ponds, a GC–MS analytical method was developed to detect residues of endosulfan, DDT and its parent compounds, isomers of HCH, pyrethroids and chlorpyrifos.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  8. Characterizing the Semi-Volatile Organic Compounds in Runoff from Roads and Other Impervious Surfaces in a Suburban Area of Beijing

    • Tue, 09/07/2021 - 02:01
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • Stormwater runoff samples were collected from five different land use sites (gas station, city road, campus, park, and residential) in a precipitation event on May 22nd, 2017, from a small suburban area (5 km × 2 km) of the city of Beijing, China.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  9. Ten Bird Species, Six Guilds, Three Habitats, and 59 Chlorinated and Brominated POPs: What do 64 Eggs from the Largest Economic Hub of Southern Africa tell us?

    • Sun, 09/05/2021 - 02:01
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • There is little information on how POPs in eggs of different terrestrial, wetland, and aquatic birds share a large urban and rural landscape relate. We collected and analysed 64 eggs belonging to ten species of six feeding guilds, and compared organic chlorinated pesticide (OCP), polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB), and brominated flame retardants (BFR) residue concentrations and compositions.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  10. In Danger One of the Largest Aquifers in the World, the Great Mayan Aquifer, Based on Monitoring the Cenotes of the Yucatan Peninsula

    • Mon, 07/12/2021 - 02:01
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • The aquifer flowing beneath the Yucatan Peninsula, México, is one of the largest in the world and is in direct contact with the surface through “cenotes” (sinkholes) that have been documented to be contaminated with various classes of pollutants. The objective of this study was to evaluate the environmental status of the Great Mayan Aquifer through a review of data published on pollution of the cenotes.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  11. The Effects of Ditch Management in Agroecosystems on Embryonic and Tadpole Survival, Growth, and Development of Northern Leopard Frogs ( Lithobates pipiens )

    • Wed, 05/05/2021 - 02:03
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • Agricultural drainage ditches help remove excess water from fields and provide habitat for wildlife. Drainage ditch management, which includes various forms of vegetation clearing and sediment dredging, can variably affect the ecological function of these systems.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  12. Assessment of Ecological Risk and Environmental Behavior of Pesticides in Environmental Compartments of the Formoso River in Tocantins, Brazil

    • Thu, 11/05/2020 - 02:04
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • Anthropogenic interference the ecosystem unavoidably changes the physical and biological environment. The biodiversity of the Amazon region has been threatened by increased agricultural production and pesticide use. Considering that monitoring pesticides in environments close to their application is one of the ways to preserve the ecosystem, this study investigated the levels of pesticide residues in different environmental compartments (soil, sediment, and water samples).

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  13. Life-History Traits Response to Effects of Fish Predation (Kairomones), Fipronil and 2,4-D on Neotropical Cladoceran Ceriodaphnia silvestrii

    • Sat, 08/29/2020 - 02:02
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • Aquatic environments are constantly exposed to a cocktail of contaminants mainly due to human activities. As polluted ecosystems may simultaneously present other multiple natural stressors, the objective of the present study was to evaluate joint effect of stressors (natural and anthropogenic) on life history traits of the Neotropical cladoceran, Ceriodaphnia silvestrii.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  14. Temporal and Spatial Analysis of Surface Water Pesticide Occurrences in the Maritime Region of Canada

    • Sat, 05/23/2020 - 03:46
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • This study measured both nutrient and pesticide concentrations at up to 13 different freshwater stream sites in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island between 2013 and 2018. Up to 62 different pesticides were analysed in 248 discreet samples. A large majority of pesticides were below the detection limit of the laboratory while seven pesticides had at least 20% or more detections throughout the years of this study.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  15. Association Between Leukocyte Telomere Length and Serum Concentrations of PCBs and Organochlorine Pesticides

    • Fri, 04/17/2020 - 03:16
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • Exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) through food, water, and air occurred during the life, which may change telomere length (TL) in peripheral blood leukocytes. The present study was designed to investigate the association between TL and serum levels of PCBs and OCPs in Tehran male’s population. Whole blood samples were randomly taken from 300 adult males, aged between 25 and 40 years.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Dioxins
      • Chemical contaminants
  16. The Broad-Scale Analysis of Metals, Trace Elements, Organochlorine Pesticides and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Wetlands Along an Urban Gradient, and the Use of a High Trophic Snake as a Bioindicator

    • Tue, 03/03/2020 - 03:15
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • Wetlands and their biodiversity are constantly threatened by contaminant pollution from urbanisation. Despite evidence suggesting that snakes are good bioindicators of environmental health, the bioaccumulation of contaminants in reptiles is poorly researched in Australia.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
      • Pesticide residues
  17. Organochlorine Pesticide Residues Among Colonial Nesting Birds in Tamil Nadu, India: A Maiden Assessment from Their Breeding Grounds

    • Sun, 02/02/2020 - 03:26
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • Use of pesticides continues to be indiscriminate, and birds are one of the worst affected non-targeted organisms. Information on the ill effects of pesticides on birds far from desired in India. Despite the presence of a wide variety and number of birds, there is exceedingly little data on organochlorine pesticide (OCP) residues in colonial nesting birds in sanctuaries of India.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  18. Oxidative Potential of Chemical Mixtures Extracted from Contaminated Galveston Bay, TX Seafood Using a Human Cell Co-culture Model

    • Tue, 12/24/2019 - 03:25
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • Increasing levels of pollution in Galveston Bay, TX, are of significant concern for populations that directly depend on fishing activities. Efforts to evaluate contaminant levels in commercial fish have been largely limited to the quantification of chemical mixtures in fish tissue, but little information exists about the toxicological potential of these chemicals on consumption of contaminated seafood.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  19. Organochlorine Pesticides Residues in Blood of Peridomestic Populations of Virginia Opossum ( Didelphis virginiana ) from Ex-Henequen Rural Localities of Yucatan, Mexico

    • Wed, 11/13/2019 - 03:15
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) have been used for many decades, both for the control of pests in agriculture and for the control of vectors of human and animal diseases. Several recent studies have reported significant concentrations of these compounds in multiple environmental substrates due to their persistence, as well as the effect they have on ecosystem health, human health, and wildlife populations.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  20. Distribution of Organochlorine Pesticide and Polychlorinated Biphenyl Residues in Lake Sediment Cores from the Plitvice Lakes National Park (Croatia)

    • Sat, 09/21/2019 - 03:26
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • The occurrence and distribution of 11 organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and their degradation products as well as of 17 polychlorinated biphenyl congeners (PCBs) were investigated for the first time in sediments of three (Lake Prošće, Lake Kozjak, Lake Kaluđerovac) out of 16 cascading karst lakes within the protected area of the Plitvice Lakes National Park in central Croatia. The 15-cm-long sediment cores were divided for analysis into three 5-cm-long segments.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants