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Research Publications (Food Safety)

The Food Safety Publications tracks research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. Recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal, Article Title, and Category. The research publications are tracked across six categories: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, Produce Safety, and Viruses. Articles produced by USDA Grant Funding Agencies and FDA Grant Funding Agencies are also tracked.

Displaying 1 - 23 of 23

  1. A novel bacterial strain Burkholderia sp. F25 capable of degrading diffusible signal factor signal shows strong biocontrol potential

    • Thu, 11/24/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Vast quantities of synthetic pesticides have been widely applied in various fields to kill plant pathogens, resulting in increased pathogen resistance and decreased effectiveness of such chemicals. In addition, the increased presence of pesticide residues affects living organisms and the environment largely on a global scale.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  2. Research on weed identification method in rice fields based on UAV remote sensing

    • Wed, 11/09/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Rice is the world’s most important food crop and is of great importance to ensure world food security. In the rice cultivation process, weeds are a key factor that affects rice production. Weeds in the field compete with rice for sunlight, water, nutrients, and other resources, thus affecting the quality and yield of rice. The chemical treatment of weeds in rice fields using herbicides suffers from the problem of sloppy herbicide application methods.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  3. Proteomic analysis of T. qataranse exposed to lead (Pb) stress reveal new proteins with potential roles in Pb tolerance and detoxification mechanism

    • Thu, 10/20/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Soil lead (Pb) contamination is one of the environmental problems facing the modern world. Sources of Pb in soil include industrial activities such as mining and smelting processes, agricultural activities such as application of insecticide and municipal sewage sludges, and urban activities such as use of lead in gasoline, paints, and other materials.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
      • Pesticide residues
  4. Calliterpenone, a natural plant growth promoter from a medicinal plant Callicarpa macrophylla, sustainably enhances the yield and productivity of crops

    • Mon, 09/26/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • The global population is rising at an alarming rate, which is threatening food and nutritional security. Although chemical fertilizers and pesticides are important for achieving food security, their excessive usage critically affects soil health and adds up residues in the food chain. There is an increasing interest in identifying eco-friendly farm inputs that can improve crop productivity through sustainable agricultural practices.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  5. Kernel principal component analysis and differential non-linear feature extraction of pesticide residues on fruit surface based on surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy

    • Tue, 07/19/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) has attracted much attention because of its high sensitivity, high speed, and simple sample processing, and has great potential for application in the field of pesticide residue detection.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  6. Glutathione promotes degradation and metabolism of residual fungicides by inducing UGT genes in tomato

    • Sat, 07/02/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Reduced glutathione (GSH) is a key antioxidant and redox buffer, which is crucial for carrying out the detoxification of xenobiotics in plants. In the present study, glutathione could reduce chlorothalonil (CHT) residues in tomato by promoting the expression of UDP-glycosyltransferase (UGT) gene.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  7. Development of 1,3,4-Oxadiazole Derived Antifungal Agents and Their Application in Maize Diseases Control

    • Wed, 05/04/2022 - 05:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Maize is an important food crop and its fungal disease has become a limiting factor to improve the yield and quality of maize. In the control of plant pathogens, commercial fungicides have no obvious effect on corn diseases due to the emergence of drug resistance. Therefore, it is of great significance to develop new fungicides with novel structure, high efficiency, and low toxicity to control maize diseases.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
      • Pesticide residues
  8. Emerging Issues and Potential Opportunities in the Rice–Wheat Cropping System of North-Western India

    • Tue, 02/22/2022 - 12:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • The rice–wheat cropping system (RWCS) is the backbone of Indian farming, especially in the north-western region. But continuous adoption of the RWCS in northwest India has resulted in major challenges and stagnation in the productivity of this system. Additionally, the Indo-Gangetic Plains of Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh are also facing similar challenges for sustainable production of the RWCS.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  9. Ag-YOLO: A Real-Time Low-Cost Detector for Precise Spraying With Case Study of Palms

    • Fri, 12/24/2021 - 16:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • To date, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), commonly known as drones, have been widely used in precision agriculture (PA) for crop monitoring and crop spraying, allowing farmers to increase the efficiency of the farming process, meanwhile reducing environmental impact. However, to spray pesticides effectively and safely to the trees in small fields or rugged environments, such as mountain areas, is still an open question.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  10. Harnessing the Potential of Roots of Traditional Power Plant: Ocimum

    • Mon, 11/01/2021 - 16:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Genus Ocimum of Labiatae is well known in all traditional medicinal systems like Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy. The pharmaceutical activities of different species of Ocimum attributed to all plant parts. Roots are the most significant vital organ of the plant, as they absorb water and nutrients from soil and transport to aerial parts of the plants.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  11. De Novo Design of Antimicrobial Peptides With a Special Charge Pattern and Their Application in Combating Plant Pathogens

    • Thu, 09/30/2021 - 16:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Plant diseases are important issues in agriculture, and the development of effective and environment-friendly means of disease control is crucial and highly desired. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are known as potential alternatives to chemical pesticides because of their potent broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity and because they have no risk, or have only a low risk, of developing chemical-resistant pathogens.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  12. Deciphering the Behavioral Response of Meloidogyne incognita and Fusarium oxysporum Toward Mustard Essential Oil

    • Thu, 08/26/2021 - 16:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Environmental concerns related to synthetic pesticides and the emphasis on the adoption of an integrated pest management concept as a cardinal principle have strengthened the focus of global research and development on botanical pesticides. A scientific understanding of the mode of action of biomolecules over a range of pests is key to the successful development of biopesticides.

      • Heavy Metals
      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  13. Plant Disease Management: Leveraging on the Plant-Microbe-Soil Interface in the Biorational Use of Organic Amendments

    • Fri, 07/30/2021 - 16:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Agriculture is faced with many challenges including loss of biodiversity, chemical contamination of soils, and plant pests and diseases, all of which can directly compromise plant productivity and health. In addition, inadequate agricultural practices which characterize conventional farming play a contributory role in the disruption of the plant-microbe and soil-plant interactions.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  14. Allelopathic, Phytotoxic, and Insecticidal Effects of Thymus proximus Serg. Essential Oil and Its Major Constituents

    • Tue, 06/15/2021 - 16:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • The chemical profile of Thymus proximus essential oil (EO) and its allelopathic, phytotoxic, and insecticidal activity was evaluated. Carvacrol, p-cymene, and γ-terpinene were detected as the major components of the EO, representing 85.9% of the total oil. About 50 g fresh plant material of T. proximus in a 1.5-L air tight container completely inhibited the seed germination of Amaranthus retroflexus and Poa anuua.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  15. AMF Inoculation Can Enhance Yield of Transgenic Bt Maize and Its Control Efficiency Against Mythimna separata Especially Under Elevated CO2

    • Tue, 06/08/2021 - 16:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • The promotion and application of transgenic Bt crops provides an approach for the prevention and control of target lepidopteran pests and effectively relieves the environmental pressure caused by the massive usage of chemical pesticides in fields. However, studies have shown that Bt crops will face a new risk due to a decrease in exogenous toxin content under elevated carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration, thus negatively affecting the ecological sustainability of Bt crops.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  16. Management of the Wheat Curl Mite and Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus With Insecticides on Spring and Winter Wheat

    • Tue, 06/08/2021 - 16:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • The wheat curl mite (WCM, Aceria tosichella, Keifer) is an eriophyid mite species complex that causes damage to cereal crops in the Northern Great Plains by feeding damage and through the transmission of plant viruses, such as wheat streak mosaic virus. Insecticide treatments were evaluated in the greenhouse and field for efficacy at managing the WCM complex on wheat.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  17. Edible Plant Oil: Global Status, Health Issues, and Perspectives

    • Fri, 08/28/2020 - 16:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Edible plant oil (EPO) is an indispensable nutritional resource for human health. Various cultivars of oil-bearing plants are grown worldwide, and the chemical compositions of different plant oils are diverse. The extremely complex components in oils lead to diverse standards for evaluating the quality and safety of different EPOs.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  18. Local Aphid Species Infestation on Invasive Weeds Affects Virus Infection of Nearest Crops Under Different Management Systems – A Preliminary Study

    • Thu, 06/25/2020 - 16:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • In the present study, we conducted field surveys to detect the population density of the most important invasive weed species and their associated virus vectoring aphids in crops grown under high input field (HIF) vs. low-input field (LIF) conditions, with and without fertilizers and pesticides. The most frequent invasive weed species were annual fleabane, Erigeron annua (L.), Canadian horseweed, Erigeron canadensis (L.) and Canadian goldenrod, Solidago canadensis (L.).

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  19. Overexpression of CsHMGB Alleviates Phytotoxicity and Propamocarb Residues in Cucumber

    • Fri, 06/12/2020 - 16:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) is one of the most economically important fruits of the Cucurbitaceae family, therefore consideration of potential pesticide residues in the fruit in the context of cucumber breeding and production programs is important. Propamocarb (a pesticide commonly used to prevent downy mildew) is widely used in cucumber cultivation, but the molecular mechanism underlying the degradation and metabolism of propamocarb in cucumber is not well understood.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  20. Safety Considerations for Humans and Other Vertebrates Regarding Agricultural Uses of Externally Applied RNA Molecules

    • Thu, 04/23/2020 - 03:33
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • The potential of double-stranded RNAs (dsRNAs) for use as topical biopesticides in agriculture was recently discussed during an OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) Conference on RNA interference (RNAi)-based pesticides. Several topics were presented and these covered different aspects of RNAi technology, its application, and its potential effects on target and non-target organisms (including both mammals and non-mammals).

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  21. Improving Risk Assessment in the European Food Safety Authority: Lessons From the European Medicines Agency

    • Wed, 04/08/2020 - 03:33
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • The recent Regulation (EU) 2019/1381, published on the 6th September 2019, aims to improve the transparency and sustainability of the EU risk assessment in the food chain by amending the General Food Law Regulation (EC 178/2002) and a number of other regulations related to the food sector.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  22. Dual Mode of the Saponin Aescin in Plant Protection: Antifungal Agent and Plant Defense Elicitor

    • Fri, 11/29/2019 - 03:21
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Being natural plant antimicrobials, saponins have potential for use as biopesticides. Nevertheless, their activity in plant–pathogen interaction is poorly understood. We performed a comparative study of saponins' antifungal activities on important crop pathogens based on their effective dose (EC50) values. Among those saponins tested, aescin showed itself to be the strongest antifungal agent.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  23. The Cost of Postponement of Bt Rice Commercialization in China

    • Wed, 10/09/2019 - 03:29
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • To maintain self-sufficiency in rice production and national food security, the Chinese government strongly supports research that aims at increasing the productivity of rice cultivation. Rice with genetic material from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt rice) is transgenic rice that can reduce lepidopteran pest damage and the use of insecticides. It was developed in the 1990s and earned biosafety certificates in 2009.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues