An official website of the United States government.

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you've safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Research Publications (Food Safety)

The Food Safety Publications tracks research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. Recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal, Article Title, and Category. The research publications are tracked across six categories: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, Produce Safety, and Viruses. Articles produced by USDA Grant Funding Agencies and FDA Grant Funding Agencies are also tracked.

Displaying 1 - 25 of 45

  1. Development of a polyurethane‐coated thin film solid phase microextraction device for multi‐residue monitoring of pesticides in fruit and tea beverages

    • Tue, 11/15/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. A novel solid phase microextraction device coated with an efficient and cheap thin film of polyurethane was developed for trace determination of 13 widely used pesticides in fruit and tea beverages. A round-shaped polyurethane film covering the bottom of a glass vial was fabricated as the sorbent to exhibit a superior capacity of preconcentrating target compounds and reducing matrix interferences.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  2. Evaluation of green silicone surfactant‐based vortex assisted dispersive liquid‐liquid microextraction for sample preparation of organophosphorus pesticide residues in honey and fruit sample

    • Mon, 06/06/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. A vortex assisted surfactant enhanced emulsification liquid-liquid microextraction based on non-ionic silicone surfactant was successfully developed for the determination of organophosphorus pesticides in food samples coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  3. Multi‐residue analysis of 206 pesticides in grass forage by the one‐step quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe method combined with ultrahigh‐performance liquid chromatography quadrupole orbitrap mass spectrometry

    • Tue, 05/17/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. A novel method for detecting pesticide multi-residue in grass forage (alfalfa and oat) was established based on the one-step automatic extraction and purification technology of quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe combined with ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole Orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  4. Ethanol‐ammonium sulfate system based modified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe method for the determination of four neonicotinoid pesticide and metabolite residues in two canned fruits

    • Sun, 05/08/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. As the pesticide and its metabolite residues in processed fruits could become a significant route of human exposure. The work presented herein focuses on developing a feasible quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe method with improved extraction and cleanup system for the determination of imidacloprid, acetamiprid, thiamethoxam and clothianidin (metabolite of thiamethoxam) in canned fruits.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  5. Multi‐residue screening of pesticides in Panax Ginseng C. A. Meyer by ultra‐high‐performance liquid chromatography with quadrupole time‐of‐flight mass spectrometry

    • Fri, 03/11/2022 - 12:00
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. In this study, an efficient screening method based on a modified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe extraction method combined with ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry was established for the determination of 90 pesticides residues in Panax Ginseng.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  6. Zeolitic imidazolate framework‐8 as a dispersive solid phase extraction sorbent for simultaneous determination of 145 pesticide residues in polyphenol‐rich plants

    • Fri, 02/18/2022 - 06:00
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. Many plants showed higher polyphenol content, which caused the matrix effect and made the analysis of trace pesticide residues highly challenging. A common approach to improving matrix effects is to purify pesticides through the use of sorbents, but this requires a combination of multiple sorbents and extensive use.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  7. Switchable hydrophilic solvent‐based dispersive liquid‐liquid microextraction coupled with high‐performance liquid chromatography for the determination of four types of sulfonylurea herbicides in soils

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  8. Selective magnetic solid‐phase extraction of amide herbicides from fish samples coupled with ultra‐high‐performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, EarlyView.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  9. The pesticide residue analysis in commodities with high content of chlorophyll based on the quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe method: A review

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Volume 45, Issue 1, Page 149-165, January 2022.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  10. Phenylboronic acid‐functionalized cross‐linked chitosan magnetic adsorbents for the magnetic solid‐phase extraction of benzoylurea pesticides

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, EarlyView.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  11. Recent advances in the extraction of triazine herbicides from water samples

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Volume 45, Issue 1, Page 113-133, January 2022.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  12. Capillary electrophoresis applied for the determination of acidity constants and limiting electrophoretic mobilities of ionizable herbicides including glyphosate and its metabolites and for their simultaneous separation

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  13. Development of a green miniaturized quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe approach in tandem with temperature‐assisted solidification of floating menthol droplet for analysis of multiclass pesticide residues in milk

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, EarlyView.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  14. Development of a green miniaturized quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe approach in tandem with temperature‐assisted solidification of floating menthol droplet for analysis of multiclass pesticide residues in milk

    • Mon, 12/27/2021 - 22:05
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. A new green miniaturized quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe approach was developed and used for the extraction of multiclass 16 pesticides in milk before GC analysis. The miniaturization of method reduced the consumption of chemical reagents and samples. Magnetic three-dimensional graphene was used as sorbent in the clean-up step. Choline chloride:lactic acid (1:2) natural deep eutectic solvent was used as desorption solvent.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  15. Phenylboronic acid‐functionalized cross‐linked chitosan magnetic adsorbents for the magnetic solid phase extraction of benzoylurea pesticides

    • Mon, 12/13/2021 - 22:05
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. In this study, a 4-formylphenylboronic acid modified cross-linked chitosan magnetic nanoparticle (FPBA@CCHS@Fe3O4) was fabricated. The synthesized material was utilized as the magnetic solid phase extraction adsorbent for the enrichment of six benzoylurea pesticides.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  16. Dispersive liquid‐liquid microextraction method combined with sugaring‐out homogeneous liquid‐liquid extraction for the determination of some pesticides in molasses samples

    • Mon, 09/13/2021 - 22:05
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. Abstract

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  17. Perfluoro octanoic acid‐modified magnetic hyperbranched polyamideamine as a sorbent for the extraction of fluorine‐containing pesticides from water samples

    • Thu, 08/26/2021 - 22:05
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. Abstract

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  18. Deep eutectic solvent‐modified mixed iron hydroxide–silica: Application in magnetic solid‐phase extraction for enrichment of organochlorine pesticides prior to GC‐MS analysis

    • Fri, 08/06/2021 - 22:05
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. Abstract

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  19. The pesticide residue analysis in commodities with high content of chlorophyll based on the quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe method: A review

    • Thu, 08/05/2021 - 22:07
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. Abstract

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  20. Analytical research on the separation and residue of chiral pesticide triadimenol in fruit and vegetable puree

    • Wed, 06/30/2021 - 22:06
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. In this paper, a method for the separation of triadimenol stereoisomers using ultra-performance convergence chromatography and an analytical method for the determination of triadimenol stereoisomer residues in pumpkin puree, apple puree, and tomato puree as a supplement for infants are established. Test samples were extracted with acetonitrile and successively purified with graphitized carbon black and Florisil column.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  21. Determination of eight endocrine disruptor pesticides in bovine milk at trace levels by dispersive liquid‐liquid microextraction followed by GC‐MS determination

    • Sat, 06/05/2021 - 22:06
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. Endocrine disrupting chemicals are chemicals that interfere with any aspect of the endocrine system. Several natural and synthetic chemicals including pesticides have been identified as endocrine disruptors, which potentially inhibit the reproductive activity of the hormonal system. The pervasive occurrence with trace level concentrations and extensive variety are the reported characteristics of these chemicals.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  22. Bursting bubble flow microextraction combined with gas chromatography to analyze organophosphorus pesticides in aqueous samples

    • Tue, 05/25/2021 - 22:07
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. Bubble-bursting flow microextraction combined with gas chromatography as a green and sustainable microextraction method is used to determine some organophosphorus pesticide residues in water samples. The extraction process occurs at the surface of liquid-gas contact, where the analytes interact with the gas molecules in the bubble. The analytes are transferred to the surface of the sample solution by moving the gas bubbles upwards.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  23. Onsite/on‐field analysis of pesticide and veterinary drug residues by a state‐of‐art technology: A review

    • Sat, 03/27/2021 - 22:09
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. Pesticides and veterinary drugs are generally employed to control pests and insects in crop and livestock farming. However, remaining residues are considered potentially hazardous to human health and the environment. Therefore, regular monitoring is required for assessing and legislation of pesticides and veterinary drugs. Various approaches to determining residues in various agricultural and animal food products have been reported.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
      • Pesticide residues
  24. Multivariate optimization of a combined static and dynamic supercritical fluid extraction method for trace analysis of pesticides pollutants in organic honey

    • Wed, 03/03/2021 - 22:06
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article.The intensive application of pesticides to increase crop production has resulted in contamination of the agricultural products. Due to their occurrence at trace levels and the complexity of food samples, analysis of pesticide residues requires selective and efficient sample preparation methods.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  25. A proof‐of‐concept of parallel single drop microextraction for the rapid and sensitive biomonitoring of pesticides in urine

    • Fri, 02/19/2021 - 22:13
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. In this study, a lab‐made Parallel‐Single Drop Microextraction methodology using the magnetic ionic liquid trihexyltetradecylphosphonium tetrachloromanganate (II) as extraction solvent was developed to determine the pesticides tebuconazole, pendimethalin, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, and dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene in human urine samples.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants