An official website of the United States government.

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you've safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Research Publications (Food Safety)

The Food Safety Publications tracks research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. Recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal, Article Title, and Category. The research publications are tracked across six categories: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, Produce Safety, and Viruses. Articles produced by USDA Grant Funding Agencies and FDA Grant Funding Agencies are also tracked.

Displaying 1 - 25 of 45

  1. Comparison of pesticide residue and specific nutrient levels in peeled and unpeeled apples

    • Tue, 08/02/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Accepted Article. Background Studies have shown that the consumption of apples has a beneficial effect on cardiovascular diseases and some cancers, largely due to their micronutrient and phytoconstituent contents. Apple peel contains more polyphenols than the flesh but is also likely to contain pesticide residues.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  2. Residue and distribution of drip irrigation and spray application of two diamide pesticides in corn and dietary risk assessment for different consumer groups

    • Thu, 05/26/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Accepted Article. BACKGROUND As the use of diamide insecticides on corn continues to increase, there is growing concern about their residue levels on corn and dietary risks to populations.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  3. Utilizing Plackett–Burman design and response surface analysis to optimize ultrasonic cleaning of pesticide residues from rape

    • Fri, 03/11/2022 - 12:00
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Volume 102, Issue 5, Page 2061-2069, 30 March 2022.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  4. Development, validation and evaluation of matrix effect of a QuEChERS‐based multiresidue method with low temperature dispersive clean‐up for analysis of 104 pesticides in cumin (Cuminum cyminum) by LC‐MS/MS

    • Fri, 03/11/2022 - 12:00
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Volume 102, Issue 5, Page 1782-1811, 30 March 2022. Until now, there is no method available for analysis of pesticide residues in complex matrices like spices. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop and validate a QuEChERS-based method for the estimation of 104 pesticides in cumin seed. Samples were spiked for 109 pesticides at concentrations of 0.1, 0.5 and 1.0 mg kg−1. Of these 104 pesticides were recovered.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  5. Residual Levels of Five Pesticides in Peanut oil Processing and Chips Frying

    • Sun, 10/24/2021 - 22:06
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Accepted Article. BACKGROUND
      Pesticide contamination in oil crops and processed products is an important food safety concern. The study was aimed to investigate the pesticide residue changes in peanut oil press processing and chips frying.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  6. Utilizing Plackett‐Burman design and response surface analysis to optimize ultrasonic cleaning of pesticide residues from rapes

    • Mon, 09/27/2021 - 22:03
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Accepted Article. Background

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  7. Development, validation and evaluation of matrix effect of a QuEChERS based multiresidue method with low temperature dispersive clean‐up for analysis of 104 pesticides in cumin (Cuminum cyminum) by LC‐MS/MS

    • Mon, 08/30/2021 - 22:03
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Accepted Article. Abstract
      Background
      Until now, there is no method available for analysis of pesticide residues in complex matrices like spices. Therefore it is urgent need to develop and validate a QuEChERS based method for estimation of 104 pesticides in cumin seed.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  8. Determination of Organophosphorus and Synthetic Pyrethroid Pesticide Residues and their Variability in Large Size Fruit Crops

    • Mon, 02/08/2021 - 22:05
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • Variability of pesticide residues in food item plays a key role for the evaluation of consumer food safety. However, variability factors (VFs) derived from the large size fruit crops are still scarce. Therefore, the present work was aimed to quantify pesticide residues and to estimate VFs in large size fruit crops of mango and guava.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  9. Residue pattern of chlorpyrifos and its metabolite in tea from cultivation to consumption

    • Sun, 12/27/2020 - 22:09
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • BACKGROUND Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is a broad‐spectrum organophosphorus pesticide widely used to control tea geometrid (Ectropis oblique) and tea green leafhoppers (Empoasca pirisuga Matumura) in tea trees. The major metabolite of CPF in water, plants and animals is 3,5,6‐trichloro‐2‐pyridinol (TCP), which is more toxic than CPF. However, dissipation pattern of CPF in tea is unknown.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  10. Residue behavior and safety evaluation of pymetrozine in tea

    • Sun, 12/27/2020 - 22:09
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • Background Pymetrozine is a widely used pesticide. It is challenging‐to‐analyse and difficult to manage due to the large gap in its global maximum residue limits (MRLs) in tea. Therefore, development of a high‐efficiency detection method for the evaluation of the transfer of residual pymetrozine from tea plantations to tea cups is of prime significance.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  11. In‐situ and rapid determination of acetamiprid residue on cabbage leaf using surface‐enhanced Raman scattering

    • Tue, 12/08/2020 - 22:10
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • BACKGROUND Pesticide residues in agricultural products and foods pose a serious threat to human health, therefore a simple, rapid and direct method is urgently needed for pesticide residue detection. In addition to completing the detection of acetamiprid in the cabbage extracting solution, the main target of this study was to establish an in‐situ surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) method, which could directly detect acetamiprid residue on cabbage leaf without extracting it out.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  12. Effect of ozone, lactic acid and combination treatments on the control of microbial and pesticide contaminants of fresh vegetables

    • Thu, 12/03/2020 - 22:11
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • ABSTRACT Background Fruit and vegetable consumption has increased among masses due to their tremendous health benefits. However, recent studies have shown that contaminated products may serve as a vehicle for foodborne pathogens and harmful chemicals. Therefore, fresh vegetables must be decontaminated before consumption to ensure food safety.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
      • Bacterial pathogens
      • Leafy Greens
      • Produce Safety
  13. Bagging and Non‐bagging Treatment on the Dissipation and Residue of Four Mixed Application Pesticides on Banana Fruit

    • Thu, 12/03/2020 - 22:11
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • BACKGROUND Bananas are vulnerable to disease and insect pests after producing fruit. In order to increase the yield and produce high‐quality fruit, the insecticides and fungicides are mixed and applied 2‐3 times on banana, then the fruit is bagging. Buprofezin, imidacloprid, difenoconazole, and pyraclostrobin are widely used on banana. However, there is a lack of research on the effect of fruit bagging on pesticide dissipation and residues on banana.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  14. Exogenous 24‐epibrassinolide activates detoxification enzymes to promote degradation of boscalid in cherry tomatoes

    • Sat, 10/03/2020 - 22:13
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • BACKGROUD To extend the storage time of postharvest cherry tomato, boscalid are often used. Pesticide residue has become an issue of food safety. This study was to investigate the spatial distribution of boscalid residue in cherry tomato fruits and to determine the effect of 24‐epibrassinolide (EBR) in promoting boscalid degradation. RESULTS Boscalid could quickly penetrate into cherry tomatoes, but mainly remained in the peel.

      • Post Harvest
      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
      • Produce Safety
  15. Effect of dielectric barrier discharge plasma on the degradation of malathion and chlorpyrifos on lettuce

    • Sat, 07/11/2020 - 22:12
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • BACKGROUND Pesticides have been widely used to control pests on agricultural products in China, and large amounts of pesticide residues have caused a serious threat to human health. Thus, developing a high‐efficiency pesticide degradation method for fresh vegetables represents a great challenge. In this study, the effects of dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma on the degradation of malathion and chlorpyrifos in aqueous solutions and on lettuces were investigated.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  16. Residue behavior and removal of iprodione in garlic, green garlic, and garlic shoot

    • Tue, 06/30/2020 - 22:11
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • BACKGROUND Iprodione is considered to be an endocrine‐disturbing pesticide, which could harm consumers. The garlic crop has three edible parts: the garlic, the green garlic, and the garlic shoot, which correspond to different stages of its growth. In this study, iprodione residue dissipation and distribution in these three edible parts were investigated, and dietary risk was evaluated.

      • Pesticide residues
  17. Dissipation, residues and risk assessment of pyraclostrobin and picoxystrobin in cucumber under field conditions

    • Wed, 06/10/2020 - 22:08
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • Background Pyraclostrobin and picoxystrobin are two representative pesticides of strobilurins used to treat cucumber downy mildew, which have raised issues of food safety and human health. A new formulation containing these two compounds is being prepared for marketing in China.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  18. Dissipation and residue determination of fluopyram and its metabolites in greenhouse crops

    • Fri, 06/05/2020 - 22:11
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • ABSTRACT Background Fluopyram is a pesticide widely used in tomato and cucumber crops cultivation to control fungal diseases that develop especially in environments with moderate temperatures and high humidity, such as in a greenhouse. The pathway of fluopyram dissipation has been monitored in cucumber and cherry tomato under greenhouse conditions.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  19. Multivariate optimization of a new LC–MS/MS method for the determination of 156 pesticide residues in milk and dairy products

    • Wed, 06/03/2020 - 03:41
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • BACKGROUND Pesticides are widely utilized worldwide to control undesirable life forms during the planting procedure in agriculture. But they can pollute the nature and jeopardize human wellbeing. Additionally, on account of high resistance and biological activity; pesticides are able to accumulate in living organs and lead to acute and long‐term negative effects along with toxicity.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  20. Washing fresh tea leaves before picking decreases pesticide residues in tea

    • Mon, 06/01/2020 - 03:23
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • BACKGROUND The use of pesticides during tea plant cultivation support agricultural production and prevents and controls pests, diseases, and weeds. It is of the utmost importance to balance pesticide application with tea quality, safety, and consumer health. The uptake of pesticides into plants may lead to the presence of residues that are hazardous to human health, especially for some foliar‐applied insecticides.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  21. Rapid detection of five pesticide residues using complexes of gold nanoparticle and porphyrin combined with ultraviolet visible spectrum

    • Thu, 05/14/2020 - 03:37
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • BACKGROUD Pesticides are widely used to control insect infestation and weeds in agriculture. However, concerns about the pesticide residues in agricultural products have been raised in recent years because of public interest in health and food quality and safety. Thus, rapid, convenient, and accurate analytical methods for the detection and quantification of pesticides are urgently required.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
  22. Dissipation behavior, residue distribution and dietary risk assessment of cyromazine, acetamiprid and their mixture in cowpea and cowpea field soil

    • Thu, 05/14/2020 - 03:37
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Cyromazine and acetamiprid are widely applied as pesticides in agriculture, causing increasing concerns about their residues in crops. In this study, cyromazine, acetamiprid and their mixture were applied to cowpea to investigate their degradation dynamics and perform a dietary risk assessment.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  23. Development of a novel nano‐based detection card by electrospinning for rapid and sensitive analysis of pesticide residues

    • Mon, 05/11/2020 - 03:40
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • BACKGROUND Increased awareness of consumers on food safety promotes the development of rapid and sensitive detection techniques for pesticide residues. In this study, a new type of rapid detection card for organophosphorus (OPs) and carbamates (CMs) pesticide residues was developed by electrospinning.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
  24. Improved analysis of propamocarb and cymoxanil for the investigation of residue behavior in two vegetables with different cultivation conditions

    • Wed, 02/26/2020 - 03:16
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • Background A modified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) method was developed for the simultaneous determination of highly water‐soluble propamocarb and hydrophobic cymoxanil in potato tuber and tomato fruit. Residue behavior of the fungicides in open field or greenhouse were investigated for the safety evaluation of these two pesticides, and effect of the cultivation condition, fungicide exposure and fruit size of tomato on residue level were discussed. Results.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  25. Hyphenated dispersive solid and liquid phase microextraction technique based on a hydrophobic deep eutectic solvent: Application for trace analysis of pesticides in fruit juices

    • Sat, 01/25/2020 - 03:25
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • BACKGROUND Pesticides are extensively used worldwide to control plant pathogens and prevent agricultural product damage. However, they can pollute the environment and endanger human health. So far, a variety of sample preparation methods have been developed for pesticide residues analysis.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues