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Food Safety Publications

The Food Safety Publications tracks research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. Recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal, Article Title, and Category. The research publications are tracked across six categories: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, Produce Safety, and Viruses. Articles produced by USDA Grant Funding Agencies and FDA Grant Funding Agencies are also tracked.

Displaying 2026 - 2050 of 14967

  1. Diclazuril Inhibits Biofilm Formation and Hemolysis of Staphylococcus aureus

    • Mon, 05/24/2021 - 04:04
    • ACS Infectious Diseases
    • Biofilm formation and hemolysis induced by Staphylococcus aureus are closely related to pathogenicity. However, no drugs exist to inhibit biofilm formation or hemolysis induced by S. aureus in clinical practice. This study found diclazuril had antibacterial action against S. aureus with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) at 50 μM for both methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA).

      • Staphylococcus aureus
      • Bacterial pathogens
  2. Awareness of Foodborne Pathogens among Students: A Cross-Sectional Study in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    • Sun, 05/23/2021 - 08:01
    • International Journal of Food Science
    • Food poisoning associated with microbial pathogens causes millions of foodborne disease cases in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Awareness about foodborne pathogens may play a positive role in the reduction of foodborne illnesses. The present cross-sectional study investigates awareness about five major microbial pathogens (Salmonella, Campylobacter, Staphylococcus, Listeria, and Escherichia coli) among university students () from four major cities in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

      • Campylobacter
      • Salmonella
      • Staphylococcus aureus
      • Bacterial pathogens
  3. The pESI mega-plasmid conferring virulence and multiple-drug resistance is detected in Salmonella Infantis genome from Brazil

    • Sun, 05/23/2021 - 06:08
    • Infection, Genetics and Evolution
    • Author(s): Anamaria M.P. dos Santos, Pedro Panzenhagen, Rafaela G. Ferrari, Grazielle L. Rodrigues, Carlos A. Conte-Junior

      • Salmonella
      • Bacterial pathogens
  4. Effects of sub-lethal doses of nisin on the virulence of Salmonella enterica in Galleria mellonella larvae

    • Sun, 05/23/2021 - 06:07
    • Research in Microbiology
    • Author(s): Fernanda Pereira da Silva, Kenner Morais Fernandes, Leonardo Luiz de Freitas, Renan de Souza Cascardo, Rodrigo Cupertino Bernardes, Leandro Licursi de Oliveira, Gustavo Ferreira Martins, Maria Cristina Dantas Vanetti

      • Salmonella
      • Bacterial pathogens
  5. Lantox—The Chinese Botulinum Toxin Drug—Complete English Bibliography and Comprehensive Formalised Literature Review

    • Sun, 05/23/2021 - 00:00
    • Toxins
    • In 1997, lanbotulinumtoxinA (LAN) was introduced in China. It is now available in Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe under various brand names including Hengli®, Lantox®, Prosigne®, Lanzox®, Redux®, Liftox®, HBTX-A and CBTX-A. The literature on LAN is mostly published in Chinese language, restricting its international accessibility. We, therefore, wanted to generate a complete English bibliography of all LAN publications and then use it for a comprehensive formalised literature review.

      • Clostridium botulinum
      • Bacterial pathogens
  6. Nonlinear Changes in Botulinum Toxin Treatment of Task-Specific Dystonia during Long-Term Treatment

    • Sun, 05/23/2021 - 00:00
    • Toxins
    • Botulinum toxin (BoTX) is the standard treatment for task-specific dystonias (TSDs) such as musician’s dystonia (MD). Our aim was to assess the long-term changes in BoTX treatment in a highly homogeneous and, to our knowledge, largest group of MD patients with respect to the following parameters: (1) absolute and (2) relative BoTX dosage, (3) number of treated muscles, and (4) inter-injection interval.

      • Clostridium botulinum
      • Bacterial pathogens
  7. Investigation of the invasion mechanism mediated by the outer membrane protein PagN of Salmonella Typhimurium

    • Sat, 05/22/2021 - 16:00
    • BMC Microbiology
    • Background
      Salmonella can invade host cells via a type three secretion system called T3SS-1 and its outer membrane proteins, PagN and Rck. However, the mechanism of PagN-dependent invasion pathway used by Salmonella enterica, subspecies enterica serovar Typhimurium remains unclear.

      • Salmonella
      • Bacterial pathogens
  8. Effect of pH on the antimicrobial activity of the macrophage metabolite itaconate

    • Sat, 05/22/2021 - 03:01
    • Microbiology
    • The production of itaconate by macrophages was only discovered in 2011. An increasing number of studies have since revealed essential biological functions for this small molecule, ranging from antimicrobial to immunomodulator.

      • Salmonella
      • Bacterial pathogens
  9. Escherichia coli Antibiotic Resistance Patterns from Co-Grazing and Non-Co-Grazing Livestock and Wildlife Species from Two Farms in the Western Cape, South Africa

    • Sat, 05/22/2021 - 00:00
    • Antibiotics
    • Although limited, studies have found conflicting results on whether co-grazing results in significant antibiotic resistance transfer between species. This type of farming system can act as a vector in the geographical spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the environment. The aim of this study was to determine the antibiotic-resistant patterns between co-grazing and non-co-grazing livestock and wildlife species in South Africa.

      • Bacterial pathogens
  10. Investigation of a Novel Multicomponent Mycotoxin Detoxifying Agent in Amelioration of Mycotoxicosis Induced by Aflatoxin-B1 and Ochratoxin A in Broiler Chicks

    • Sat, 05/22/2021 - 00:00
    • Toxins
    • The present study was designed to determine the efficacy of a novel multicomponent mycotoxin detoxifying agent (MMDA) containing modified zeolite (Clinoptilolite), Bacillus subtilis, B. licheniformis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell walls and silymarin against the deleterious effects of Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and Ochratoxin A (OTA) in broiler chicks.

      • Aflatoxins
      • Mycotoxins
      • Bacterial pathogens
      • Natural toxins
  11. HPMCP-Coated Microcapsules Containing the Ctx(Ile21)-Ha Antimicrobial Peptide Reduce the Mortality Rate Caused by Resistant Salmonella Enteritidis in Laying Hens

    • Sat, 05/22/2021 - 00:00
    • Antibiotics
    • The constant use of synthetic antibiotics as growth promoters can cause bacterial resistance in chicks. Consequently, the use of these drugs has been restricted in different countries. In recent years, antimicrobial peptides have gained relevance due to their minimal capacity for bacterial resistance and does not generate toxic residues that harm the environment and human health.

      • Salmonella
      • Antibiotic residues
      • Bacterial pathogens
      • Chemical contaminants
  12. Comparison of Antivirulence Activities of Black Ginseng against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus According to the Number of Repeated Steaming and Drying Cycles

    • Sat, 05/22/2021 - 00:00
    • Antibiotics
    • Korean ginseng has been widely used in Eastern medicine for thousands of years. The contents of the compounds in ginseng roots change depending on the amount of steaming and drying, and the drying method used. Black ginseng (BG) is the Korean ginseng processed by repeated steaming and drying.

      • Staphylococcus aureus
      • Bacterial pathogens
  13. The Spatiotemporal Dynamics and Microevolution Events That Favored the Success of the Highly Clonal Multidrug-Resistant Monophasic Salmonella Typhimurium Circulating in Europe

    • Fri, 05/21/2021 - 16:00
    • Frontiers in Microbiology
    • The European epidemic monophasic variant of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. 1,4,[5],12:i:-) characterized by the multi locus sequence type ST34 and the antimicrobial resistance ASSuT profile has become one of the most common serovars in Europe (EU) and the United States (US). In this study, we reconstructed the time-scaled phylogeny and evolution of this Salmonella in Europe. The epidemic S.

      • Salmonella
      • Heavy Metals
      • Pesticide residues
      • Bacterial pathogens
      • Chemical contaminants
  14. Big Data Impacting Dynamic Food Safety Risk Management in the Food Chain

    • Fri, 05/21/2021 - 16:00
    • Frontiers in Microbiology
    • Foodborne pathogens are a major contributor to foodborne illness worldwide. The adaptation of a more quantitative risk-based approach, with metrics such as Food safety Objectives (FSO) and Performance Objectives (PO) necessitates quantitative inputs from all stages of the food value chain. The potential exists for utilization of big data, generated through digital transformational technologies, as inputs to a dynamic risk management concept for food safety microbiology.

      • Bacterial pathogens
      • Leafy Greens
      • Produce Safety
  15. Modular molecular weaponry plays a key role in competition within an environmental Vibrio cholerae population

    • Fri, 05/21/2021 - 16:00
    • Frontiers in Microbiology
    • The type VI secretion system (T6SS) operons of Vibrio cholerae contain extraordinarily diverse arrays of toxic effector and cognate immunity genes, which are thought to play an important role in the environmental lifestyle and adaptation of this human pathogen. Through the T6SS, proteinaceous “spears” tipped with antibacterial effectors are injected into adjacent cells, killing those not possessing immunity proteins to these effectors.

      • Vibrio
      • Bacterial pathogens
  16. Draft Genome Sequences of Salmonella enterica subsp. diarizonae Serotype IIIb_61:I,v:1,5,(7) Strains Isolated from Wheat Grains

    • Fri, 05/21/2021 - 10:02
    • Microbiology Resource Announcements
    • Salmonella enterica subsp. diarizonae serotypes are primarily involved in reptile-associated salmonellosis in humans. Here, we report the draft genome sequences of three S. enterica subsp. diarizonae strains belonging to the serotype IIIb_61:1,v:1,5,(7), isolated from wheat grains collected at the time of harvest. Strains of serotype IIIb_61:1,v:1,5,(7) have been isolated from feces of reptiles, cattle, and sheep and from infections in humans.

      • Salmonella
      • Bacterial pathogens
  17. Whole-Genome Sequence of a Strain of Brucella melitensis Isolated from a Patient with Swelling of the Right Testicle in Inner Mongolia, China

    • Fri, 05/21/2021 - 10:02
    • Microbiology Resource Announcements
    • This report describes the isolation, sequencing, and annotation of Ws20160810, which was isolated from a blood sample from a brucellosis patient suffering from swelling of the right testicle in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China. The genome size was 3,244,234 bp with a 57.23% GC content, 3,294 coding DNA sequences (CDSs), 55 tRNAs, 5 rRNAs (5S [n = 2], 16S [n = 1], and 23S [n = 2]), and 3 small RNAs (sRNAs).

      • Bacterial pathogens
  18. Quantitative detection of trace VBNC Cronobacter sakazakii by immunomagnetic separation in combination with PMAxx-ddPCR in dairy products

    • Fri, 05/21/2021 - 06:07
    • Food Microbiology
    • Author(s): Xinrui Lv, Li Wang, Jingfeng Zhang, Xiaoxin He, Lei Shi, Lichao Zhao

      • Cronobacter
      • Bacterial pathogens
  19. Investigation of combinations of rationally selected bioengineered nisin derivatives for their ability to inhibit Listeria in broth and model food systems

    • Fri, 05/21/2021 - 06:07
    • Food Microbiology
    • Author(s): Laura Nyhan, Des Field, Colin Hill, Michael Callanan, Máire Begley

      • Bacterial pathogens
  20. A NARMS Survey of Antimicrobial Resistant Foodborne Bacteria Isolated from Retail Veal in the United States

    • Fri, 05/21/2021 - 04:02
    • Journal of Food Protection
    • Little is known about the prevalence of antimicrobial resistant (AMR) bacteria in veal meat in the United States.  We estimated the prevalence of bacterial contamination and AMR in various veal meats collected during the 2018 U.S.

      • Campylobacter
      • Salmonella
      • Bacterial pathogens
  21. Utilizing the Microbiota and Machine Learning Algorithms to Assess Risk of Salmonella Contamination in Poultry Rinsate

    • Fri, 05/21/2021 - 04:02
    • Journal of Food Protection
    • Traditional microbiological testing methods are slow, and many molecular-based techniques rely on culture-based enrichment to overcome low limits of detection. Recent advancements in sequencing technologies may make it possible to utilize machine learning (ML) to identify patterns in microbiome data to potentially predict the presence or absence of pathogens.

      • Salmonella
      • Bacterial pathogens
  22. Fatal exudative dermatitis in island populations of red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris): spillover of a virulent Staphylococcus aureus clone (ST49) from reservoir hosts

    • Fri, 05/21/2021 - 03:01
    • Microbiology
    • Fatal exudative dermatitis (FED) is a significant cause of death of red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris) on the island of Jersey in the Channel Islands where it is associated with a virulent clone of Staphylococcus aureus, ST49. S.

      • Staphylococcus aureus
      • Bacterial pathogens
  23. Antimicrobial and anti-biofilm activity of thymoquinone against Shigella flexneri

    • Fri, 05/21/2021 - 02:01
    • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

    • Abstract

      • Shigella
      • Bacterial pathogens
  24. The Role of Ultrasound for the Personalized Botulinum Toxin Treatment of Cervical Dystonia

    • Fri, 05/21/2021 - 00:00
    • Toxins
    • The visualization of the human body has frequently been groundbreaking in medicine. In the last few years, the use of ultrasound (US) imaging has become a well-established procedure for botulinum toxin therapy in people with cervical dystonia (CD). It is now undisputed among experts that some of the most relevant muscles in this indication can be safely injected under visual US guidance.

      • Clostridium botulinum
      • Bacterial pathogens
  25. Prevalence of Escherichia coli and Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria During Fresh Produce Production (Romaine Lettuce) Using Municipal Wastewater Effluents

    • Thu, 05/20/2021 - 16:00
    • Frontiers in Microbiology
    • High demand for food and water encourages the exploration of new water reuse programs, including treated municipal wastewater usage. However, these sources could contain high contaminant levels posing risks to public health.

      • Bacterial pathogens