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Research Publications (Food Safety)

The Food Safety Publications tracks research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. Recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal, Article Title, and Category. The research publications are tracked across six categories: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, Produce Safety, and Viruses. Articles produced by USDA Grant Funding Agencies and FDA Grant Funding Agencies are also tracked.

Displaying 1 - 25 of 2540

  1. Genome-wide association study identifies candidate genes and favorable haplotypes for seed yield in Brassica napus

    • Tue, 09/27/2022 - 04:00
    • Molecular Breeding
    • Oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) is one of the most essential oil crops. Genetic improvement of seed yield (SY) is a major aim of B. napus breeding. Several studies have been reported on the genetic mechanisms of SY of B. napus. Here, a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of SY was conducted using a panel of 403 natural accessions of B. napus, with more than five million high-quality single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs).

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  2. Plant cadmium resistance 6 from Salix linearistipularis (SlPCR6) affects cadmium and copper uptake in roots of transgenic Populus

    • Tue, 09/27/2022 - 04:00
    • Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
    • Phytoextraction in phytoremediation is one of the environmentally friendly methods used for restoring soils contaminated by heavy metals (HMs). The screening and identification of HM-resistant plants and their regulatory genes associated with HM ion transport are the key research aims in this field.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  3. Physiological response and oxidative stress of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) under single and combined toxicity of polystyrene microplastics and cadmium

    • Thu, 09/22/2022 - 04:00
    • Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
    • The harm of microplastics (MPs) to aquatic ecosystems is caused by their stable and non-degradable properties.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  4. Combined effects of Bacillus sp. M6 strain and Sedum alfredii on rhizosphere community and bioremediation of cadmium polluted soils

    • Thu, 09/22/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Concerns regarding inevitable soil translocation and bioaccumulation of cadmium (Cd) in plants have been escalating in concomitance with the posed phytotoxicity and threat to human health. Exhibiting a Cd tolerance, Bacillus sp. M6 strain has been reported as a soil amendment owing to its capability of reducing metal bioavailability in soils. The present study investigated the rhizospheric bacterial community of the Cd hyperaccumulator Sedum alfredii using 16S rRNA gene sequencing.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  5. Synthetic Amphipathic β-Sheet Temporin-Derived Peptide with Dual Antibacterial and Anti-Inflammatory Activities

    • Thu, 09/22/2022 - 04:00
    • Antibiotics
    • Temporin family is one of the largest among antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), which act mainly by penetrating and disrupting the bacterial membranes. To further understand the relationship between the physical-chemical properties and their antimicrobial activity and selectivity, an analogue of Temporin L, [Nle1, DLeu9, DLys10]TL (Nle-Phe-Val-Pro-Trp-Phe-Lys-Phe-dLeu-dLys-Arg-Ile-Leu-CONH2) has been developed in the present work.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  6. A Study of the Differences in Heavy Metal Distributions in Different Types of Farmland in a Mining Area

    • Wed, 09/21/2022 - 04:00
    • Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • To investigate the effects of different types of land use and soil depths on the distributions of heavy metals in the soil in mining areas, heavy metals in different soil layers of five types of agricultural land in the Tongguan gold mining area were studied. The results revealed that the land use type had a greater impact than soil layers on the distribution of heavy metals in the soil.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  7. Zinc glycerolate (Glyzinc): A novel foliar fertilizer for Zinc biofortification and Cadmium reduction in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

    • Mon, 09/19/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Chemistry
    • Sustainable strategies are essential for zinc (Zn) biofortification and cadmium (Cd) reduction in staple food crops. Herein, we evaluated the phytotoxicity of Glyzinc under foliar and root application (FA&RA) in a lab-scale experiment, and then investigated its Zn efficiency and Cd reduction through foliar application on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under field conditions.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  8. Roles of C/EBP-homologous protein and histone H3 lysine 4 methylation in arsenic-induced mitochondrial apoptosis in hepatocytes

    • Sun, 09/18/2022 - 04:00
    • Toxicology and Industrial Health
    • C/EBP-homologous protein (CHOP) and histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4) methylation have been verified to be correlated with apoptosis, whereas their biological function in arsenic-induced hepatocyte apoptosis through the mitochondrial pathway is still unclear. This study aimed to explore the specific regulatory mechanism of CHOP and H3K4me1/2 in arsenic-induced mitochondrial apoptosis in hepatocytes.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  9. Bioaccessibility and transformation of cadmium in different tissues of Zhikong scallops (Chlamys farreri) during in vitro gastrointestinal digestion

    • Sun, 09/18/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Chemistry
    • Scallop is well known for its high accumulation of cadmium. The bioaccessibility and speciation of cadmium in different tissues of scallops during gastrointestinal digestion could influence the evaluation of its biological effects and consumption safety in humans. The bioaccessibility of total Cd ranged from 44.0% (kidney) to 90.2% (gonad) for different tissues of scallop Chlamys farreri.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  10. A Rapid and Multi-Element Method for the Determination of As, Cd, Ni, Pb, Sn, and Zn in Scallops Using High Definition X-Ray Fluorescence (HDXRF) Spectrometry

    • Sat, 09/17/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Analytical Methods
    • The objective of this study was to develop and validate a quick and easy method for the quantification of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), tin (Sn), and zinc (Zn) by high definition X-ray fluorescence (HDXRF) spectrometry in scallops. The optimal moisture content (less than 7.5%), particle size (0.180 mm), sample weight (0.70 g), and measurement time (600 s) of scallops using HDXRF were determined.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  11. Study on the Effectiveness and Mechanism of Mercapto-Modified Attapulgite for Remediation of Cadmium-Contaminated Paddy Soil

    • Sat, 09/17/2022 - 04:00
    • Water, Air, & Soil Pollution
    • Aim of this work was to synthesize mercapto-modified attapulgite (ATP-SH) and explore the effectiveness and mechanism of ATP-SH on the remediation of Cd-contaminated soil. The ATP-SH was applied to the remediation of cadmium contaminated soil with a concentration of 5.48 mg/kg through pot rice experiment. The changes of soil physicochemical properties, Cd content in rice and straw, available Cd, and different speciation of Cd in soil were studied after the addition of ATP-SH.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  12. Optimization of Extraction Conditions and Validation of the Method for Determination of Arsenic Species in Carrageenan-Producing Seaweed, Kappaphycus spp., Using HPLC-ICP-MS

    • Sat, 09/17/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Analytical Methods
    • Seaweeds are known for their nutritional benefits; however, they contain one of the highest levels of arsenic content. Arsenic species are found in various oxidation states in the environment, where inorganic arsenic is more toxic than organic ones.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  13. Comparison of two willow genotypes reveals potential roles of iron-regulated transporter 9 and heavy-metal ATPase 1 in cadmium accumulation and resistance in Salix suchowensis

    • Wed, 09/14/2022 - 04:00
    • Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
    • Willows (Salix spp.) are promising extractors of cadmium (Cd), with fast growth, high biomass production, and high Cd accumulation capacity. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying Cd uptake and detoxification are currently poorly understood.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  14. Unexpected diversity found within benthic microbial mats at hydrothermal springs in Crater Lake, Oregon

    • Wed, 09/14/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Microbiology
    • Crater Lake, Oregon is an oligotrophic freshwater caldera lake fed by thermally and chemically enriched hydrothermal springs. These vents distinguish Crater Lake from other freshwater systems and provide a unique ecosystem for study. This study examines the community structure of benthic microbial mats occurring with Crater Lake hydrothermal springs. Small subunit rRNA gene amplicon sequencing from eight bacterial mats was used to assess community structure.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  15. Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG normalizes gut dysmotility induced by environmental pollutants via affecting serotonin level in zebrafish larvae

    • Wed, 09/14/2022 - 04:00
    • World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • Intestinal peristalsis is essential for gastrointestinal function, which could maintain the appropriate progression and digestion of food and reduce bacterial aggregation through mixing function. Even though certain ingredients of foodstuff are known to increase or decrease intestinal peristalsis, the role of environmental pollutants on intestinal peristalsis is relatively unknown.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Dioxins
      • Heavy Metals
  16. The regulatory role of abscisic acid on cadmium uptake, accumulation and translocation in plants

    • Tue, 09/13/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • To date, Cd contamination of cropland and crops is receiving more and more attention around the world. As a plant hormone, abscisic acid (ABA) plays an important role in Cd stress response, but its effect on plant Cd uptake and translocation varies among plant species.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  17. Genome mining to unravel potential metabolic pathways linked to gallium bioleaching ability of bacterial mine isolates

    • Tue, 09/13/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Microbiology
    • Gallium (Ga) is considered a high-tech Critical Metal, used in the manufacture of several microelectronic components containing either gallium arsenide (GaAs) or gallium nitride (GaN). The current high demand for this critical metal urges the development of effective recovery processes from secondary resources such as mine tailings or electronic recycling material.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  18. Rapid retrieval of cadmium and lead content from urban greenbelt zones using hyperspectral characteristic bands

    • Sun, 09/11/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Cleaner Production
    • Greenbelts around roads are an essential part of the ecosystem that can reduce heavy metal contamination from traffic and contribute to sustainable development. However, only limited studies have examined the rapid detection of heavy metal content in urban road greenbelt zones.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  19. Accumulation and Elimination of Cadmium by the Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in differing Temperatures and Responses of Oxidative Stress Biomarkers

    • Sun, 09/11/2022 - 04:00
    • Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • The aims of this study were to investigate the accumulation (15 days) and elimination (15 and 30 days) of cadmium (Cd) in the liver, gill, kidney and muscle of Oreochromis niloticus following exposures to different concentrations (1 and 2 mg/L) of Cd at different water temperatures (20, 25, 30 oC).

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  20. Does Moringa Oleifera affect element accumulation patterns and lead toxicity in Sprague–Dawley rats?

    • Sat, 09/10/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Functional Foods
    • Moringa Oleifera (MO) has potential for nutritional and medical applications. We verified whether the administration of MO changed mineral accumulation patterns and mitigative effects of lead poisoning using Sprague–Dawley rats. MO leaves, aqueous leaf extracts, and seeds were administrated to rats in two different concentrations (100 and 600 mg/kg body weight/day) for 3 weeks.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  21. Lead removal in flue gas from sludge incineration by denitrification: Insights from metagenomics and metaproteomics

    • Fri, 09/09/2022 - 04:00
    • Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
    • Flue gas lead emission during sludge incineration damages to human health and ecological environment seriously. Therefore, a denitrifying bio-trickling filter (DNBTF) for lead removal in flue gas from sludge incineration was investigated. Lead removal efficiency was up to 90.7% in 60 days’ operation.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  22. Spatial distribution characteristics, influencing factors, and source distribution of soil cadmium in Shantou City, Guangdong Province

    • Fri, 09/09/2022 - 04:00
    • Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
    • A total of 511 topsoils and 139 deep soil samples were collected to analyze the distribution characteristics, regional differentiation factors, and contamination sources of Cd in Shantou City, and to assess its environmental, ecological, and human health risks.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  23. Neither carrots nor sticks? Challenges surrounding data sharing from the perspective of research funding agencies—A qualitative expert interview study

    • Thu, 09/08/2022 - 04:00
    • PLOS ONE
    • by Michael Anger, Christian Wendelborn, Eva C. Winkler, Christoph Schickhardt Background Data Sharing is widely recognised as crucial for accelerating scientific research and improving its quality. However, data sharing is still not a common practice. Funding agencies tend to facilitate the sharing of research data by both providing incentives and requiring data sharing as part of their policies and conditions for awarding grants.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  24. Arsenic Exposure During Porcine Oocyte Maturation Negatively Affects Embryonic Development by Triggering Oxidative Stress-Induced Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Apoptosis

    • Thu, 09/08/2022 - 04:00
    • Toxicology
    • Arsenic (AS), an environmental contaminant, is a known human carcinogen that can cause cancer of the lung, liver, and skin. Furthermore, AS induces oxidative stress and mitochondrial impairments in mammalian cells. However, limited information is available on the effect of AS exposure on oocyte maturation of porcine, whose anatomy, physiology, and metabolism are similar to those of human.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  25. Impact of Water Regimes on Minimizing the Accumulation of Arsenic in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

    • Thu, 09/08/2022 - 04:00
    • Water, Air, & Soil Pollution
    • Arsenic (As) is very common pollutant of the environment categorized as class-I human carcinogen. Rice crop is inherently efficient at accumulating As that is also triggered by conventional cropping methods (flooded conditions).

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals