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Food Safety Publications

The Food Safety Publications tracks research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. Recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal, Article Title, and Category. The research publications are tracked across six categories: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, Produce Safety, and Viruses. Articles produced by USDA Grant Funding Agencies and FDA Grant Funding Agencies are also tracked.

Displaying 1 - 25 of 1094

  1. Multi-residue analysis, dissipation behavior, and final residues of four insecticides in supervised eggplant field

    • Fri, 05/20/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • In this study, the residues of four insecticides, spirotetramat, flonicamid, thiamethoxam, and tolfenpyrad, and their metabolites, including spirotetramat-enol, spirotetramat-mono-hydroxy, spirotetramat-keto-hydroxy, spirotetramat-enol-glucoside, 4-trifluoromethylnicotinamide, 4-trifluoromethylnicotinic acid, N-(4-trifluoromethylnicotinoyl) glycine, and clothianidin, were assessed using a single analysis method.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  2. Multi‐residue analysis of 206 pesticides in grass forage by the one‐step quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe method combined with ultrahigh‐performance liquid chromatography quadrupole orbitrap mass spectrometry

    • Tue, 05/17/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. A novel method for detecting pesticide multi-residue in grass forage (alfalfa and oat) was established based on the one-step automatic extraction and purification technology of quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe combined with ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole Orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  3. Representative matrices for use in matrix-matched calibration in gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the analysis of pesticide residues in different types of food-medicine plants

    • Tue, 05/10/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
    • Matrix-matching calibration is a method for minimizing or eliminating the matrix effect in pesticide residue analysis. However, when the matrix effect cannot be ignored, a matrix-matching calibration must be established for each single plant, which is time-consuming and laborious.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  4. Ethanol‐ammonium sulfate system based modified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe method for the determination of four neonicotinoid pesticide and metabolite residues in two canned fruits

    • Sun, 05/08/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Separation Science
    • Journal of Separation Science, Accepted Article. As the pesticide and its metabolite residues in processed fruits could become a significant route of human exposure. The work presented herein focuses on developing a feasible quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe method with improved extraction and cleanup system for the determination of imidacloprid, acetamiprid, thiamethoxam and clothianidin (metabolite of thiamethoxam) in canned fruits.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  5. Development of 1,3,4-Oxadiazole Derived Antifungal Agents and Their Application in Maize Diseases Control

    • Wed, 05/04/2022 - 05:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Maize is an important food crop and its fungal disease has become a limiting factor to improve the yield and quality of maize. In the control of plant pathogens, commercial fungicides have no obvious effect on corn diseases due to the emergence of drug resistance. Therefore, it is of great significance to develop new fungicides with novel structure, high efficiency, and low toxicity to control maize diseases.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
      • Pesticide residues
  6. Pesticide residues in beebread and honey in Apis cerana cerana and their hazards to honey bees and human

    • Wed, 05/04/2022 - 05:00
    • Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
    • The residue of pesticides in bee products such as beebread and honey threaten the survival of pollinators and human health. Apis cerana cerana is one of the leading managed honey bees in China. However, little is known about the residues of pesticides in hive products of A. c. cerana in China.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  7. The spatial distribution and migration of three typical fungicides in postharvest satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu Marc.) fruit

    • Fri, 04/29/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Science and Technology International
    • Fungicides are often used to extend the storage time of postharvest satsuma mandarin fruit. In recent years, fungicide residue has become an issue of food safety. This study aimed to investigate the distribution and migration of three typical fungicides (imazalil, prochloraz, thiophanate-methyl) in postharvest satsuma mandarins using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS).

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
  8. Improved chromatographic performance in red chilli powder pesticide residue quantitation by retention gap introduction in gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry

    • Thu, 04/28/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • Analysis of agrochemical residues in red chilli powder is always considered difficult because of higher matrix interference due to carotenoid pigments and other co-extractives. During the sample preparation, matrix components were co-extracted along with the target compounds leading to frequent source cleaning, changing of liner and column.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  9. Electrochemiluminescence covalent organic framework coupling with CRISPR/Cas12a-mediated biosensor for pesticide residue detection

    • Wed, 04/27/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Chemistry
    • The trace detection of pesticide residue becomes particularly important since increasing attentions have been attached to food safety. Herein, we developed an electrochemiluminescence (ECL) covalent organic framework (COF) based-biosensor for trace pesticide detection coupling with CRISPR/Cas12a-mediated signal accumulation strategy.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  10. Species Sensitivity Distributions of Benthic Macroinvertebrates in Fludioxonil-Spiked Sediment Toxicity Tests

    • Sun, 04/24/2022 - 04:00
    • Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • The fungicide fludioxonil, given its physicochemical properties, potentially accumulates and persists in sediments. Fludioxonil has a widespread agricultural use to control various fungal diseases. Its residues may cause toxic effects to benthic aquatic fauna, thereby impacting ecosystem service functions of aquatic ecosystems.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  11. SspH, a Novel HATPase Family Regulator, Controls Antibiotic Biosynthesis in Streptomyces

    • Wed, 04/20/2022 - 04:00
    • Antibiotics
    • Streptomyces can produce a wealth of pharmaceutically valuable antibiotics and other bioactive compounds. Production of most antibiotics is generally low due to the rigorously controlled regulatory networks, in which global/pleiotropic and cluster-situated regulatory proteins coordinate with various intra- and extracellular signals.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
      • Pesticide residues
  12. Seasonal and geographical variations in insecticide and miticide residues in hop samples produced across three hop-growing regions in the Czech Republic during the years 2018–2020

    • Fri, 04/15/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • The aim of this study was to determine the presence of zoocide (insecticide and miticide) residues in hops collected in three hop-growing regions located in the Czech Republic, and to assess their zoocide profiles and residue levels in terms of variability in temperature and precipitation across the 2018–2020 seasons. Furthermore, the weather factors that influenced the occurrence of hop pests are described and discussed.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  13. Simultaneous multi-determination of pesticide residues in barberry: A risk assessment study

    • Thu, 04/14/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
    • This research aims to analyze 57 pesticide residues in 35 ready-to-use barberry samples collected from hypermarkets in Iran by Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe (QuEChERS) approach using acetonitrile for the extraction, and surface adsorbents for clean-up procedure, followed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS).

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  14. Pesticide residues in dates using a modified QuEChERS method and GC-MS/MS

    • Thu, 04/14/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B
    • The aim of this study was to develop a convenient, fast, effective and safe analytical method (QuEChERS) to determine 198 pesticide residues in multi-source date palm fruits using gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS). The calibration curves for most pesticides were linear in the range of 15–150 µg/kg, with r2 values higher than 0.9934 and the relative standard deviation for all pesticides was ≤20%.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  15. Single-atom Ce-N-C nanozyme bioactive paper with a 3D-printed platform for rapid detection of organophosphorus and carbamate pesticide residues

    • Wed, 04/13/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Chemistry
    • Rapid detection of pesticide residues based on enzyme mimics has recently attracted much interest. However, most nanozymes have low activity. Herein, a “single-atom Ce-N-C nanozyme” (SACe-N-C nanozyme) was rationally devised and verified to mimic peroxidase (POD-like) with superior activity.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  16. Modeling pesticide residues in nectar and pollen in support of pesticide exposure assessment for honeybees: A generic modeling approach

    • Wed, 04/13/2022 - 04:00
    • Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
    • Pesticide residues in nectar and pollen of plants can damage honeybees; however, few modeling approaches have simulated residue levels in nectar and pollen in support of exposure assessment for honeybees.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  17. Determination of pesticide residues in chilli and Sichuan pepper by high performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry

    • Tue, 04/12/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Chemistry
    • In this study, a multi-component analytical method for the detection of pesticide residues in chilli and Sichuan pepper by high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF/MS) was developed and validated. The sample preparation is based on an extraction step with acetonitrile followed by a cleanup step using primary secondary amine, C18, graphitized carbon black and anhydrous magnesium sulfate.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  18. Methyl Eugenol Binds Recombinant Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid Receptor-Associated Protein from the Western Flower Thrips Frankliniella occidentalis

    • Sun, 04/10/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
    • The western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) is a major pest insect in agriculture. However, few insecticides are effective for their control. The recombinant gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor-associated protein (rGABARAP) was examined as a potential target of the monoterpenoids responsible for their insecticidal activities. The insecticidal activity of anethole, linalool, and methyl eugenol (ME) was evaluated in the laboratory.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  19. Pesticidal Activity and Mode of Action of Monoterpenes

    • Thu, 04/07/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
    • Synthetic pesticides are often associated with issues such as pest resistance, persistent residue, nontarget toxicity, and environmental issues. Therefore, the research and development of novel, safe, and effective pesticides has become a focus in pesticide discovery. Monoterpenes are secondary plant metabolites that commonly have multiple action targets and have been used in aromatherapy, alternative medicine, and food industries. Some are highly potent and stereoselective.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
      • Pesticide residues
  20. Dietary risk assessment of selected organophosphoris and pyrethoid pesticide residues in fresh harvested tomatoes at Makambako Town, Njombe region, Tanzania

    • Thu, 04/07/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B
    • This study aimed to assess the levels of selected pesticides residues in harvested tomatoes and their associated dietary risks to consumers at Makambako Town in Njombe region, Tanzania. Forty-two fresh tomatoes were sampled among tomato farmers during harvesting season and extraction of analytes was done using QuEChERS method and analysed by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  21. Long-Term Exposure to the Water of Wadi El-Rayan Lakes Induced Testicular Damage and Endocrine Disruption in Mugil cephalus

    • Tue, 04/05/2022 - 04:00
    • Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • This study aimed to investigate the testicular function of Mugil cephalus that inhabit Wadi El-Rayan lakes. Testes of fish inhabiting the upper lake (site 2) and the lower lake (site 3) of Wadi El-Rayan showed significant decreases in gonadosomatic index, high accumulation levels of six metals, and eight organochlorine pesticide residues.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
      • Pesticide residues
  22. Monitoring and dietary risk assessment of pesticide residues in brinjal, capsicum, tomato, and cucurbits grown in Northern and Western regions of India

    • Sat, 04/02/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
    • The present study monitored pesticide residues in 2319 samples of fruiting vegetables namely, tomato (416), capsicum (363), brinjal (448), and cucurbits (1,092) grown in the Northern and Western regions of India. The samples were extracted using QuEChERS method and analyzed for the residues of 155 multi–class pesticides by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry and/or liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  23. Simultaneous determination of pesticide residues in pomegranate whole fruit and arils using LC-MS/MS

    • Sat, 04/02/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Chemistry
    • An analytical method in pomegranate whole fruits and arils was developed in LC-MS/MS and validated as per SANTE/12682/2019. Samples were extracted following acetonitrile-based modified QuEChERS protocol. The method was linear and the coefficient of determination ranged between 0.998 to 0.999. Through this method, all the pesticides were detected and quantified at 10 µg kg-1.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  24. The 2020 European Union report on pesticide residues in food

    • Thu, 03/31/2022 - 04:00
    • EFSA Journal
    • EFSA Journal, Volume 20, Issue 3, March 2022. Under European Union legislation (Article 32, Regulation (EC) No 396/2005), the EFSA provides an annual report which examines pesticide residue levels in foods on the European market. This report is based on data from the official national control activities carried out by EU Member States, Iceland and Norway and includes a subset of data from the EU-coordinated control programme, which uses a randomised sampling strategy.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  25. Construction of a magnetic solid-phase extraction method for the analysis of azole pesticides residue in medicinal plants

    • Thu, 03/31/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Chemistry
    • In this work, a sensitive and cost-effective method for the quantitative analysis of azole pesticides residues in six medicinal plants was established based on magnetic cyclodextrin crosslinked with tetrafluoroterephthalonitrile (Fe3O4@TFN-CDPs) coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Through characterization analysis, the outer shell of Fe3O4@TFN-CDPs has observed coating with a network of the polymer and forming a core–shell structure.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues