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Research Publications (Food Safety)

The Food Safety Publications tracks research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. Recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal, Article Title, and Category. The research publications are tracked across six categories: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, Produce Safety, and Viruses. Articles produced by USDA Grant Funding Agencies and FDA Grant Funding Agencies are also tracked.

Displaying 1 - 25 of 1137

  1. Organochlorine and organophosphorus pesticides may induce brain cancer through oxidative stress

    • Sat, 10/01/2022 - 04:00
    • Toxicology and Industrial Health
    • In this study, oxidative stress was investigated as the possible mechanism of action of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and organophosphorus pesticides (OPPs) in primary brain tumors (PBT).

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  2. Calliterpenone, a natural plant growth promoter from a medicinal plant Callicarpa macrophylla, sustainably enhances the yield and productivity of crops

    • Mon, 09/26/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • The global population is rising at an alarming rate, which is threatening food and nutritional security. Although chemical fertilizers and pesticides are important for achieving food security, their excessive usage critically affects soil health and adds up residues in the food chain. There is an increasing interest in identifying eco-friendly farm inputs that can improve crop productivity through sustainable agricultural practices.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  3. Monitoring of pesticide and some metal residues in Mazafati date fruit cultivar and risk assessment to the health

    • Mon, 09/26/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
    • Metals and pesticides pose risk to human health if accumulated in date fruits eaten for their distinctive sweetness and beneficial minerals. The present study evaluated the concentrations of metals and pesticides in Mazafati date fruit, soil, and irrigation water from three locations of Kerman province in Iran to show potential pollution hazards to consumers of date fruit in Iran.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  4. Residue levels and risk assessment of pesticides in litchi and longan of China

    • Fri, 09/23/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
    • A total of 57 pesticide residues were analyzed in 155 litchis and 153 longan samples collected from the three main producing provinces of China.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  5. Rapid screening of 15 highly toxic pesticide residues in Angelica sinensis decoctions by thermal desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry

    • Thu, 09/22/2022 - 04:00
    • Food and Agricultural Immunology
    • A decoction is the most common form of Chinese herbal medicine dosing. An Angelica sinensis decoction was qualitatively and semi-quantitatively analyzed for 15 highly toxic pesticide residues by thermal desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (TD-ESI/MS) with a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer in multiple reaction monitoring mode without pretreatment.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  6. Multi-residue method validation, processing factor and monitoring of thirteen targeted fungicide residues in the process of wine making

    • Thu, 09/22/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
    • Transfer rate and processing factor (PF) for thirteen most commonly recommended fungicides in grape is assessed during wine making. Validated a rapid and cost effective multi-residue method for thirteen fungicide residues in grapes, pomace and wine. The average recoveries varied 81.52–109.26%. Comparatively higher matrix effect was observed in pomace.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  7. Scientific support for preparing an EU position in the 53rd session of the codex committee on pesticide residues (CCPR)

    • Wed, 09/21/2022 - 04:00
    • EFSA Journal
    • EFSA Journal, Volume 20, Issue 9, September 2022. EFSA received a request from the European Commission to provide support for the preparation of the EU position for 53rd Session of the Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues (CCPR).

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  8. Simultaneous Determination of Aldrin and Mirex in Honey by Liquid–Liquid Extraction with Low-Temperature Purification combined with GC–MS

    • Sat, 09/17/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Analytical Methods
    • Aldrin and Mirex are organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) considered toxic to human and animal health. Although their use has been banned for decades, these compounds persist in several environmental and food samples, including honey.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  9. Method Validation and Residue Analysis of Mesosulfuron-Methyl and Diflufenican in Wheat Field Trial by Liquid Chromatography with Tandem Mass Spectrometry

    • Sat, 09/17/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Analytical Methods
    • In this study, an optimized QuEChERS method with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) was developed and validated for the determination of mesosulfuron-methyl and diflufenican in wheat grain and straw. At the spiking levels of 0.01, 0.02, 0.05, 0.1, and 1 mg/kg, the average recoveries of five repetitions were 74–98% with RSDs of 1–11%. The LOQs of the two herbicides were both 0.01 mg/kg for wheat grain and wheat straw.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  10. Highly efficient degradation of cypermethrin by a co-culture of Rhodococcus sp. JQ-L and Comamonas sp. A-3

    • Fri, 09/16/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Microbiology
    • Cypermethrin is an important synthetic pyrethroid pesticide that widely used to control pests in agriculture. However, extensive use has caused its residue and the metabolite 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA) to seriously pollute the environments and agricultural products. In this study, a highly efficient cypermethrin-degrading bacterial consortium was acclimated from long-term pyrethroid-contaminated soil.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  11. Contribution of insect gut microbiota and their associated enzymes in insect physiology and biodegradation of pesticides

    • Wed, 09/14/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Microbiology
    • Synthetic pesticides are extensively and injudiciously applied to control agriculture and household pests worldwide. Due to their high use, their toxic residues have enormously increased in the agroecosystem in the past several years. They have caused many severe threats to non-target organisms, including humans. Therefore, the complete removal of toxic compounds is gaining wide attention to protect the ecosystem and the diversity of living organisms.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  12. Optimization and Validation of a Method Using GC–MS and QuEChERS for Pesticide Determination in Banana Pulp

    • Sun, 09/11/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Analytical Methods
    • The aim of this paper is to develop and validate a method, using GC–MS and QuEChERS, for the determination of fungicide residues in bananas produced and commercialized in the Cariri Region — Ceará/Brazil. The extraction procedure, by the QuEChERS-citrate method, allowed obtaining the matrix extract free of pesticides, used for the analytical curves (matrix-matched calibration).

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  13. Using low dose fungicide by combining with intermittent ozone treatment to reduce fungicide residue, microbial load and quality losses in orange fruit during long term storage

    • Sat, 09/10/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Control
    • In the present study, the effects of intermittent ozone (IO3) application combined with low dose fungicide and high-dose dissolved ozone in water on storage life and quality of orange cv. Washington Navel were investigated.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  14. Magnetic Nanocomposite-Based TpPa-NO2 Covalent Organic Framework for the Extraction of Pyrethroid Insecticides in Water, Vegetable, and Fruit Samples

    • Mon, 09/05/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Analytical Methods
    • In this work, a magnetic covalent organic framework (COF) named Fe3O4@TpPa-NO2 was designed and synthesized by a solvothermal method employing 1,3,5-triformylphloroglucinol (Tp) and 2-nitro-p-phenylenediamine (Pa-NO2) as the organic units. Fe3O4@TpPa-NO2 was explored as an adsorbent for magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) of four pyrethroid insecticides. Fe3O4@TpPa-NO2 displayed excellent adsorption capacity in the adsorption test of pyrethroid insecticides.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  15. Detection and risk associated with organochlorine, organophosphorus, pyrethroid and carbamate pesticide residues in chicken muscle and organ meats in Jordan

    • Sun, 09/04/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Control
    • The aims of this study were to: i) analyze the prevalence and concentration of pesticides belonging to 4 major classes, namely organochlorines, organophosphates, carbamates and pyrethroids in chicken meat, liver and kidney; ii) evaluate the impact of boiling, frying and freezing on pesticide levels in chicken meat, and iii) estimate the dietary exposure to pesticide residues in chicken meat and conduct a risk assessment.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  16. Assessment of pesticide residues contamination in cereals and pseudo-cereals marketed in the Canary Islands

    • Sat, 09/03/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Chemistry
    • In this work, the development of an analytical method for the evaluation of a wide variety of pesticide residues in cereals and pseudo-cereals widely consumed has been carried out. A QuEChERS method was used as extraction and clean-up procedure prior to separation and quantification of the target analytes by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry using a single quadrupole-time-of-flight analyser.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  17. The antifungal activity and mechanism of silver nanoparticles against four pathogens causing kiwifruit post-harvest rot

    • Wed, 08/31/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Microbiology
    • Post-harvest rot causes enormous economic loss to the global kiwifruit industry. Currently, there are no effective fungicides to combat the disease. It is unclear whether silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are effective in controlling post-harvest rot and, if so, what the underlying antifungal mechanism is.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  18. Optimization of the QuEChERS method for multi-residue analysis of pharmaceuticals and pesticides in aquaculture products

    • Thu, 08/25/2022 - 11:11
    • Food Chemistry
    • The aim of study was to optimize an QuEChERS extraction procedure for simultaneous determination of organic pollutants in aquaculture products. The QuEChERS extracts were measured using LC-HRMS. The target contaminants include 32 pesticides and 20 pharmaceuticals which have not been regulated for the products in Korea. The method was validated according to CODEX guideline (CAC/GL 71–2009). LOD and LOQ for all analytes ranged from 0.1 to 2 μg/kg and from 0.5 to 5 μg/kg, respectively.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  19. Thermochemical degradation investigation of pesticide residues in banana homogenate

    • Thu, 08/25/2022 - 11:11
    • Food Control
    • As a first-time study, the thermal storage stabilities of pesticides (bifenthrin, carbofuran, diazinon, methomyl, triflumuron, triadimenol, triazophos, and thiabendazole) in banana homogenate were investigated. Pesticides-spiked banana samples were stored at −20 °C (T1), 4 °C (T2), 25 °C (T3), and 40 °C (T4) and the residues were observed from day 0 to day 84.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  20. Effect of processing on selected pesticide residues in cottonseed (Gossypium spp.)

    • Tue, 08/16/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Food Safety
    • Journal of Food Safety, EarlyView. Food processing techniques reduce pesticide residue accumulation in food components. The present study investigated the effectiveness of simple processing techniques, such as roasting, soaking, autoclaving, and storage conditions on 27 selected pesticides belongs to the class of organophosphates (OPs), organochlorines (OCPs), and pyrethroids (PPs) in pesticide fortified cottonseed.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  21. A Novel Enantioseparation and Trace Determination of Chiral Herbicide Flurtamone Using UPLC-MS/MS in Various Food and Environmental Matrices Based on Box-Behnken Design

    • Sat, 08/13/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Analytical Methods
    • The detection method for flurtamone enantiomers in soil and five farm products (wheat, maize, sorghum, soybeans and pea) was established using modified QuEChERS method combined with ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography tandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). The Box-Behnken design (BBD) of response surface methodology was used to optimize the enantioseparation parameters of flurtamone on Chiralpak IG-3 column.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  22. A Review on Recent Trends in Advancement of Bio-Sensory Techniques Toward Pesticide Detection

    • Wed, 08/10/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Analytical Methods
    • India has achieved its food security through the green revolution and technological revolution, although food safety is still not realized. Subsequently, agricultural runoffs, industrial wastes and domestic sewages continuously contaminate the water and the associated livelihood through several contaminants. Pesticides and their residues, which function as endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), influence the food web through water resources, among other things.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
      • Pesticide residues
  23. The effect of food thermal processes on the residue concentration of systemic and non-systemic pesticides in apples

    • Sun, 08/07/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Control
    • The goal of the present study was to estimate the distribution and migration of eleven systemic and non-systemic pesticides between the skin and the pulp of apples. Additionally, the behaviour of acetamiprid, boscalid, bupirimate, cyprodinil, flonicamid, fluopyram, pirimicarb, pyrimethanil, thiacloprid, deltamethrin, and fludioxonil in two apple varieties during four thermal processes ranging between −40 °C and 150 °C was discussed.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  24. Comparison of pesticide residue and specific nutrient levels in peeled and unpeeled apples

    • Tue, 08/02/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Accepted Article. Background Studies have shown that the consumption of apples has a beneficial effect on cardiovascular diseases and some cancers, largely due to their micronutrient and phytoconstituent contents. Apple peel contains more polyphenols than the flesh but is also likely to contain pesticide residues.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  25. Occurrence and exposure risk assessment of pesticide residues in green tea samples cultivated in Hangzhou area, China

    • Wed, 07/27/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B
    • The concentration of pesticide residues in 105 green tea samples grown in Hangzhou area were investigated. Of the 14 pesticides analysed using gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and the 27 pesticides analysed using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, only 18 were detected in the tea samples. The most frequently detected pesticide residues were imidacloprid (35.2%), acetamiprid (26.7%), carbendazim (21.0%), bifenthrin (21.0%), and cyhalothrin (19.1%).

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues