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Research Publications (Food Safety)

The Food Safety Publications tracks research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. Recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal, Article Title, and Category. The research publications are tracked across six categories: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, Produce Safety, and Viruses. Articles produced by USDA Grant Funding Agencies and FDA Grant Funding Agencies are also tracked.

Displaying 126 - 150 of 5860

  1. Lead (Pb) Contamination in Agricultural Products and Human Health Risk Assessment in Bangladesh

    • Wed, 06/29/2022 - 04:00
    • Water, Air, & Soil Pollution
    • Lead (Pb) is a widely occurring heavy metal employed in industrial products and hence released into the environment, causing several environmental health risk concerns. This study comprehensively surveyed the literature on Pb contamination in different agricultural foods and food products commonly consumed by Bangladeshi inhabitants and assessed associated cancer and non-cancer health risks.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  2. Draft Genome Sequence of Serratia marcescens SSA1, Isolated from Dioxin-Polluted Soil

    • Wed, 06/29/2022 - 04:00
    • Microbiology Resource Announcements
    • Microbiology Resource Announcements, Ahead of Print. Serratia marcescens SSA1 was isolated from a dump site with a history of incineration. Its DNA of 5.05 Mbp has a GC content of 59.65%, with 77 tRNA genes and 3 rRNA genes. Its 4,909 putative PATRIC protein-coding genes include genes responsible for the degradation of dioxins and other xenobiotics and total consumption of benzoate.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Dioxins
  3. Adaptation of the Invasive Plant (Sphagneticola trilobata L. Pruski) to a High Cadmium Environment by Hybridizing With Native Relatives

    • Wed, 06/29/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Invasive species can evolve rapidly in the invasion areas to adapt to new habitats. Sphagneticola trilobata L. Pruski, an invasive species, was studied for its tolerance to cadmium (Cd) in the soil and compared with its natural hybrid. From the perspective of photosynthetic physiology, antioxidant characteristics, and leaf hormone levels, the differences between the leaves of the two species before and after Cd treatment were compared.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  4. Intracellular sequestration of cadmium and zinc in ectomycorrhizal fungus Amanita muscaria (Agaricales, Amanitaceae) and characterization of its metallothionein gene

    • Tue, 06/28/2022 - 10:00
    • Fungal Genetics and Biology
    • Amanita muscaria is an ectomycorrhizal mushroom that commonly grows at metal-polluted sites. Sporocarps from the lead smelter-polluted area near Příbram (Central Bohemia, Czech Republic) showed elevated concentrations of Cd and Zn. Size exclusion chromatography of the cell extracts of the sporocarps from both polluted and unpolluted sites indicated that substantial part of intracellular Cd and Zn was sequestered in 6-kDa complexes, presumably with metallothionein(s) (MT).

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  5. Comparison of QuEChERS and Liquid–Liquid extraction methods for the simultaneous analysis of pesticide residues using LC-MS/MS

    • Tue, 06/28/2022 - 10:00
    • Food Control
    • In 2004, the Food Code of Korea adopted a multi-class multi-residue pesticide analysis method, which employed liquid–liquid extraction (LLE) and solid-phase extraction for sample purification. After several modifications, the LLE stage was replaced by the QuEChERS method in October 2021. Thus, in the current study a comparison was carried out between the new QuEChERS method and the conventional LLE method for the simultaneous analysis of multiple pesticide residues.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  6. An automatic on-line sol-gel pyridylethylthiopropyl functionalized silica-based sorbent extraction system coupled to flame atomic absorption spectrometry for lead and copper determination in beer samples

    • Tue, 06/28/2022 - 10:00
    • Food Chemistry
    • A novel sol–gel pyridylethylthiopropyl functionalized silica-based sorbent was synthesized and utilized in an on-line column preconcentration system coupled with flame atomic absorption spectrometry for metal determination.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  7. Transcriptomics-based analysis of co-exposure of cadmium (Cd) and 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) indicates mitochondrial dysfunction induces NLRP3 inflammasome and inflammatory cell death in renal tubular epithelial cells

    • Sat, 06/25/2022 - 04:00
    • Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
    • Environmental pollution often releases multiple contaminants resulting in as yet largely uncharacterized additive toxicities. Cadmium (Cd) is a widespread pollutant that induces nephrotoxicity in animal models and humans.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  8. Remediation of cadmium-polluted weakly alkaline dryland soils using iron and manganese oxides for immobilized wheat uptake

    • Sat, 06/25/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Cleaner Production
    • Cadmium (Cd) contamination of arable soils seriously threatens the safety of food products and sustainable development of agriculture. Iron/manganese oxide-based amendments have been widely applied to remediate heavy metal polluted paddy soils.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  9. Review of Antimicrobial Resistance in Wastewater in Japan: Current Challenges and Future Perspectives

    • Sat, 06/25/2022 - 04:00
    • Antibiotics
    • Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) circulates through humans, animals, and the environments, requiring a One Health approach. Recently, urban sewage has increasingly been suggested as a hotspot for AMR even in high-income countries (HICs), where the water sanitation and hygiene infrastructure are well-developed. To understand the current status of AMR in wastewater in a HIC, we reviewed the epidemiological studies on AMR in the sewage environment in Japan from the published literature.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
  10. Determination of Heavy Metals by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry in Water Samples from Lake Iripixi, Oriximiná, PA, Brazil

    • Sat, 06/25/2022 - 04:00
    • Water, Air, & Soil Pollution
    • The presented study sheds light on the applicability of inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) for the multielement analysis of naturally obtained water. The technique mainly focused on the determination of cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) which are considered to be toxic metals and have deteriorating health impacts.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  11. The thematic role of extracellular loop of VraG in activation of the membrane sensor GraS in a cystic fibrosis MRSA strain differs in nuance from the CA-MRSA strain JE2

    • Fri, 06/24/2022 - 04:00
    • PLOS ONE
    • by Junho Cho, William F. C. Rigby, Ambrose L. Cheung Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) often suffer recurrent bronchial bacterial infections that lead to deterioration of lung function over time. The infections in CF patients are often due to S. aureus and P. aeruginosa that colonize the airways. Significantly, methicillin-resistant S.

      • Bacterial pathogens
      • Staphylococcus aureus
      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
  12. Green reduction of silver nanoparticles for cadmium detection in food using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy coupled multivariate calibration

    • Fri, 06/24/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Chemistry
    • Cadmium (Cd) causes pervasive harm on human health as a poisonous heavy metal. This study proposed a surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) approach using sodium alginate (SA) as green reductant in combination with edge enrichment and chemometrics to build label-free Cd quantitative models. The silver nanoparticles synthesized by SA had good dispersion and enhancement factor (3.48 × 105).

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  13. A Universal LC-MS/MS Method for Simultaneous Detection of Antibiotic Residues in Animal and Environmental Samples

    • Fri, 06/24/2022 - 04:00
    • Antibiotics
    • Detecting and monitoring the usage of antibiotics is a critical aspect of efforts to combat antimicrobial resistance. Antibiotic residue testing with existing LC-MS/MS methods is limited in detection range. Current methods also lack the capacity to detect multiple antibiotic residues in different samples simultaneously. In this study, we demonstrate a methodology that permits simultaneous extraction and detection of antibiotic residues in animal and environmental samples.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
  14. Use of Feathers from Birds that Collided with Vehicles to Monitor Heavy Metal Contamination in Western Khorasan Razavi, Iran

    • Fri, 06/24/2022 - 04:00
    • Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
    • In the present study, lead, zinc and copper concentrations in the feathers of Common kestrel (Falco tinnunculus), Eurasian magpie (Pica pica), Common buzzard (Buteo buteo), Crested lark (Galerida cristata), Eurasian hoopoe (Upupa epops), Little owl (Athene noctua), Long-eared owl (Asio otus), Eurasian eagle-owl (Bubo bubo) and Long-legged buzzard (Buteo rufinus) from Sabzevar and Neghab, Khorasan Razavi of Iran w

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  15. Toxic Factors of Lead and Cadmium Fit in the Ecological Risk Assessment for Microorganisms

    • Fri, 06/24/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Microbiology
    • Soil health plays a vital role to sustain plants, animals, and humans (Lehmann et al., 2020).

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  16. Comparative Efficacy of Silibinin and Nano-Silibinin on Lead poisoning in Male Wistar Rats

    • Thu, 06/23/2022 - 04:00
    • Toxicology
    • Lead (Pb) is an environmental neurotoxin that can lead to toxicity. It has shown that tissues can be exposed to oxidative stress in lead poisoning. Since silymarin is a natural agent with antioxidant effects, this study aimed to investigate the antioxidant and chelation effects of silibinin and nano-silibinin on the oxidative stress status in lead-poisoned rats. Sixty male Wistar rats randomly divided into ten groups (n=6).

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  17. Evaluating the effect of EDTA on the internal mechanisms of uptake and translocation of Pb in Bidens pilosa L

    • Thu, 06/23/2022 - 04:00
    • Plant and Soil
    • Background and aims Chelates like ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) have frequently been applied for facilitating lead (Pb) phytoextraction and cleaning contaminated soils but without detailed report regarding the internal mechanisms happening in plants in response to EDTA addition.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  18. Potential of Talinum paniculatum Cuttings in Lead and Manganese Rhizofiltration

    • Thu, 06/23/2022 - 04:00
    • Water, Air, & Soil Pollution
    • The objective of this study was to evaluate the physiological characteristics and rhizofiltration potential of Talinum paniculatum cuttings subjected to lead (Pb) and manganese (Mn) excess. The cuttings excised from T. paniculatum were transferred to a nutrient solution, to which different concentrations of Pb (0, 10, 50, 100, and 200 mg L−1) and Mn (0, 10, 50, 100, and 150 mg L−1) were added.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  19. Determining the 180-year Change of Cd, Fe, and Al Concentrations in the Air by Using Annual Rings of Corylus colurna L

    • Thu, 06/23/2022 - 04:00
    • Water, Air, & Soil Pollution
    • Abstract Heavy metals (HMs), among the components of air pollution that is one of the utmost critical concerns our world has faced, are one of the biggest threats to living organisms. The plants, as a biomonitor, offer the most effective solution in tracking the change of HM concentration on earth and taking them under control.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  20. Association of gut microbiota characteristics and metabolites reveals the regulation mechanisms under cadmium consumption circumstance

    • Thu, 06/23/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, EarlyView. BACKGROUND Cadmium is a non-biodegradable heavy metal with a long biological half-life.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  21. The West Jutland Tele-Electrocardiogram Registry (WEJU-tECG): content, data quality, and research potential

    • Wed, 06/22/2022 - 04:00
    • Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
    • Aim:To present the content, data quality, and research potential of the West Jutland Tele-Electrocardiogram Registry (WEJU-tECG).Methods:Danish patients reporting symptoms indicating heart disease in the prehospital setting are subjected to a 12-lead tele-electrocardiogram (ECG) in the ambulance, which is digitally sent to a local tele-centre.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  22. Environmental tracers and groundwater residence time indicators reveal controls of arsenic accumulation rates beneath a rapidly developing urban area in Patna, India

    • Wed, 06/22/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  23. Probabilistic determination of a maximum acceptable level of contaminant to reduce the risk of overexposure for a novel or emerging food: the case of cadmium in edible seaweed in the French population

    • Wed, 06/22/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • European and French populations are overexposed to cadmium (Cd) through their foods. The risk of increased cadmium exposure for consumers needs to be limited by reduced maximum limits (ML) for novel foodstuffs such as edible seaweed in France. The objective was to derive a low and protective cadmium concentration in edible seaweeds to limit cadmium overexposure in consumers.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  24. Total arsenic, dimethylarsinic acid, lead, cadmium, total mercury, methylmercury and hypertension among Asian populations in the United States: NHANES 2011–2018

    • Wed, 06/22/2022 - 04:00
    • Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
    • Background Non-Hispanic Asians (NHA) in USA have been reported with higher arsenic (As), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg) and their specific species levels, comparing with non-NHA.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  25. Application of non-target analysis and high resolution mass spectrometry for the identification of thermal transformation products of oxytetracycline in pacific white shrimp

    • Tue, 06/21/2022 - 04:00
    • Oxytetracycline is an antibiotic authorized for use in aquaculture and is often detected in seafood products, especially shrimp. Previous studies investigating the fate of oxytetracycline in shrimp tissues after cooking were limited to quantification of parent compound residues, and did not describe any potential transformation products formed. Hence, the main objective of this study was to apply a non-target analysis workflow to study the fate of oxytetracycline in shrimp muscle.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues