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Research Publications (Food Safety)

The Food Safety Publications tracks research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. Recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal, Article Title, and Category. The research publications are tracked across six categories: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, Produce Safety, and Viruses. Articles produced by USDA Grant Funding Agencies and FDA Grant Funding Agencies are also tracked.

Displaying 1 - 25 of 387

  1. The Use of Water in Animal Production, Slaughter, and Processing, Adopted 22 April 2021, Washington, DC

    • Fri, 09/23/2022 - 04:00
    • Water is an essential part of food animal processing, and current processing practices use large volumes of water. Due to climate change, the food industry’s access to clean and inexpensive water is increasingly a challenge. The Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) seeks evaluation by the National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Food (NACMCF) to facilitate the safe reuse of sources of water in order to reduce water consumption.

      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  2. Ionomic and metabolic responses of wheat seedlings to PEG-6000-simulated drought stress under two phosphorus levels

    • Wed, 09/21/2022 - 04:00
    • PLOS ONE
    • by Li Chunyan, Zhang Xiangchi, Li Chao, Li Cheng Background Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is a major food crop worldwide.

      • Produce Safety
      • Ethylene Sensitive
  3. Delaying ripening using 1-MCP reveals chilling injury symptom development at the putative chilling threshold temperature for mature green banana

    • Wed, 09/14/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Storage at the putative chilling threshold temperature (CTT) to avoid chilling injury still limits postharvest handling of tropical fruit like banana in that ripening may occur at the CTT. To determine whether chilling injury (CI) symptoms would develop in mature green (MG) banana fruit if the CTT exposure was extended by inhibiting ethylene action and thus ripening, 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) was applied.

      • Produce Safety
      • Ethylene Sensitive
  4. Prevalence and molecular characterization of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in animal source foods and green leafy vegetables

    • Wed, 09/14/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Science and Technology International
    • Shiga toxin–producing Escherichia coli (STEC) has emerged as important enteric foodborne zoonotic pathogens of considerable public health significance worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of the top seven STEC serotypes and to identify these serotypes in samples of animal source foods and vegetables. A total of 294 samples including 84 meat samples, 135 milk and dairy product samples and 75 green leafy vegetable samples were tested.

      • Bacterial pathogens
      • Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli
      • Escherichia coli O157:H7
      • Produce Safety
      • Leafy Greens
  5. Seasonal variation in chemical composition and contaminants in European Plaice (Pleuronectes Platessa) originated from the west-coast of Norway

    • Sat, 09/10/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Chemistry
    • The seasonal effect on chemical composition and contaminants in European plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) captured in Norwegian waters was investigated in three seasons (September, December, April). Fillets were compared by analysing proximate composition, lipid and protein profile, including fatty acids, lipid class distribution, free and total amino acids. Trace elements and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) were determined to assess the potential health risk of consumption.

      • Produce Safety
      • Seasonal Produce
  6. Plant hormones and neurotransmitter interactions mediate antioxidant defenses under induced oxidative stress in plants

    • Fri, 09/09/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Due to global climate change, abiotic stresses are affecting plant growth, productivity, and the quality of cultivated crops. Stressful conditions disrupt physiological activities and suppress defensive mechanisms, resulting in stress-sensitive plants.

      • Produce Safety
      • Ethylene Sensitive
  7. Economies of scale in constructing plant factories with artificial lighting and the economic viability of crop production

    • Thu, 09/08/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Since the introduction of LED lamps a decade ago, the plant factory with artificial lighting (PFAL) has been expected to be a savior that overcomes the food crisis, brings food safety, and enhances environmental friendliness. Despite such high expectations, the diffusion of commercial crop production in PFALs has been slow. It has been said that the main reason for this is the huge initial investment required to construct PFALs.

      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  8. Emergence and spread of antibiotic-resistant foodborne pathogens from farm to table

    • Sat, 09/03/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
    • Antibiotics have been overused and misused for preventive and therapeutic purposes. Specifically, antibiotics are frequently used as growth promoters for improving productivity and performance of food-producing animals such as pigs, cattle, and poultry. The increasing use of antibiotics has been of great concern worldwide due to the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria.

      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  9. Antimicrobial activity of Chrysophyllum albidum seed extract and its effect on the physicochemical properties of cherry tomato fruits during postharvest storage

    • Fri, 09/02/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Food Processing and Preservation
    • Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, Accepted Article. The high water content of Lycopersicon esculentum usually favors microbial growth, thus resulting in shelf-life reduction and economic loss. In an effort to develop an ecofriendly preservative for cherry tomatoes, a comprehensive study establishing the antimicrobial activity of the seeds of Chrysophyllum albidum and Persea americana was carried out.

      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
  10. Food Safety Attitudes, Behaviors, and Hygiene Measures among Predominantly Low-Income Parents

    • Fri, 09/02/2022 - 04:00
    • Foodborne infections in the U.S. affect racial-ethnic minority and low-income populations at higher rates than the general population. To identify the prevalence of food safety behaviors and demographic characteristics associated with food handling practices among a susceptible, high-risk population, a cross-sectional survey was administered to 106 parents with children enrolled at two elementary schools serving predominantly low-income families in Houston, Texas.

      • Produce Safety
      • Leafy Greens
  11. Protective effect of Bacillus species associated with Rumex dentatus against postharvest soil borne disease in potato tubers and GC–MS metabolite profile

    • Wed, 08/31/2022 - 04:00
    • Archives of Microbiology
    • Potato is constantly exposed to various kinds of phytopathogens which cause diseases during the developmental stage and post-harvest storage. This investigation was designed to assay the anti-phytopathogen activity of bacterial endophytes and their suppressive effects on rot disease in potato. The study also aimed to screen isolates for their plant growth-promoting traits and establish GC–MS-based metabolite profile of the potent isolate.

      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
  12. Seasonal Variation of Aflatoxin Levels in Selected Spices Available in Retail Markets: Estimation of Exposure and Risk Assessment

    • Tue, 08/30/2022 - 04:00
    • Toxins
    • A total of 603 samples of selected spices from different seasons (winter and summer) were analyzed for the occurrence of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), total AFs, and tocopherols. The findings revealed that 120 (38.7%) samples from the summer and 136 (46.4%) samples from the winter season were observed to be infected with AFB1 and a large amount of AFs. The highest means of both AFB1 and total Afs were observed in red pepper, i.e., 15.5 ± 3.90 µg/kg and 22.90 ± 4.10 µg/kg, respectively.

      • Natural toxins
      • Aflatoxins
      • Mycotoxins
      • Produce Safety
      • Seasonal Produce
  13. Bacillus mojavensis enhances the antioxidant defense mechanism of soursop (Annona muricata L.) fruits during postharvest storage

    • Mon, 08/29/2022 - 04:00
    • Archives of Microbiology
    • Rapid softening of soursop (Annona muricata L.) fruit results in postharvest losses. Bacillus genus is one of the most studied antagonistic biological control agents against postharvest diseases. Nevertheless, information about how this bacterium acts on the fruits is still not understood.

      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
  14. Identification and expression analysis of the lipid phosphate phosphatases gene family reveal their involvement in abiotic stress response in kiwifruit

    • Wed, 08/24/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Lipid phosphate phosphatases (LPPs) are a key enzyme in the production and degradation of phosphatidic acid (PA), which plays an important role in plant growth, development, stress resistance and plant hormone response. Thus far, little is known about the LPP family genes in kiwifruit (Actinidia spp.). According to this study, 7 members in the AcLPP family were identified from the whole genome of kiwifruit, the subcellular localization predictions were mainly on the plasma membrane.

      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
  15. A directed genome evolution method to enhance hydrogen production in Rhodobacter capsulatus

    • Wed, 08/24/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Microbiology
    • Nitrogenase-dependent H2 production by photosynthetic bacteria, such as Rhodobacter capsulatus, has been extensively investigated. An important limitation to increase H2 production using genetic manipulation is the scarcity of high-throughput screening methods to detect possible overproducing mutants. Previously, we engineered R. capsulatus strains that emitted fluorescence in response to H2 and used them to identify mutations in the nitrogenase Fe protein leading to H2 overproduction.

      • Produce Safety
      • Ethylene Sensitive
  16. Effects of Ascorbic Acid and Melatonin Treatments on Antioxidant System in Fresh-Cut Avocado Fruits During Cold Storage

    • Tue, 08/16/2022 - 04:00
    • Food and Bioprocess Technology
    • Fresh-cut fruits have a limited postharvest life compared to fresh intact fruits; they have gained considerable market share. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of melatonin (1 mM) and ascorbic acid (20 mM) treatments, alone or in combination, on qualitative traits and antioxidant systems of fresh-cut avocado fruits during 14 days of cold storage (4 ± 0.5 °C and RH 95 ± 0.5%).

      • Produce Safety
      • Fresh Cut
  17. Pulsed Light Processing in the Preservation of Juices and Fresh-Cut Fruits: A Review

    • Tue, 08/16/2022 - 04:00
    • Food and Bioprocess Technology
    • During the last years, the worldwide market of fruit-based foods, mainly juices and fresh-cut commodities, has experienced an increasing consumption trend, which can be mainly attributed to changes in the human lifestyles. However, mechanical operations used during processing, as well as the chemical compounds and presence of native microorganisms, bring a rapid deterioration of juices and fresh-cut fruits.

      • Produce Safety
      • Fresh Cut
  18. Determination of Singlet Oxygen Generated in Vegetable Oil Using Furfuryl Alcohol as Trapping Agent

    • Thu, 08/11/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Analytical Methods
    • Singlet oxygen (1O2), an initiator for photooxidation, is responsible for vegetable oil degradation. However, few details about the formation of 1O2 in vegetable oil are known due to the lack of a reliable method for its determination. In this study, a simple, reliable, and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for indirect quantification of 1O2 generated in vegetable oil was developed. Furfuryl alcohol (FFA) was selected as a real-time “trap” for 1O2.

      • Produce Safety
      • Ethylene Sensitive
  19. Postharvest dormancy-related changes of endogenous hormones in relation to different dormancy-breaking methods of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers

    • Wed, 08/10/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Development of an efficient and eco-friendly technique to break tuber dormancy in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is highly demanded due to the production of two or more crops annually. Several physiological and hormonal changes have been found to be related to the breaking of tuber dormancy; however, their consistency with genotypes and different protocols have not been well clarified.

      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
  20. PpMYB52 negatively regulates peach bud break through the gibberellin pathway and through interactions with PpMIEL1

    • Wed, 08/10/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Bud dormancy, which enables damage from cold temperatures to be avoided during winter and early spring, is an important adaptive mechanism of deciduous fruit trees to cope with seasonal environmental changes and temperate climates. Understanding the regulatory mechanism of bud break in fruit trees is highly important for the artificial control of bud break and the prevention of spring frost damage.

      • Produce Safety
      • Seasonal Produce
  21. Nivalenol Mycotoxin Concerns in Foods: An Overview on Occurrence, Impact on Human and Animal Health and Its Detection and Management Strategies

    • Mon, 08/01/2022 - 04:00
    • Toxins
    • Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by fungi that infect a wide range of foods worldwide. Nivalenol (NIV), a type B trichothecene produced by numerous Fusarium species, has the ability to infect a variety of foods both in the field and during post-harvest handling and management. NIV is frequently found in cereal and cereal-based goods, and its strong cytotoxicity poses major concerns for both human and animal health.

      • Natural toxins
      • Mycotoxins
      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
  22. Advances in chilling injury of postharvest fruit and vegetable: Extracellular ATP aspects

    • Tue, 07/26/2022 - 04:00
    • Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety
    • Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, EarlyView. Due to the global use of cold chain, the development of postharvest technology to reduce chilling injury (CI) in postharvest fruits and vegetables during storage and transport is needed urgently. Considerable evidence shows that maintaining intracellular adenosine triphosphate (iATP) in harvested fruits and vegetables is beneficial to inhibiting CI occurrence.

      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
  23. Effects of electron-beam generated X-ray irradiation on the postharvest storage quality of Agaricus bisporus

    • Mon, 07/18/2022 - 04:00
    • Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies
    • The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of electron-beam generated X-ray irradiation on the postharvest storage quality and antioxidant capacity of Agaricus bisporus.

      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
  24. Effects of gas type and cold plasma treatment time on Lecanicillium fungicola spores reduction and changes in qualitative, chemical and physiological characteristics of button mushroom during postharvest storage

    • Sun, 07/10/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Food Processing and Preservation
    • Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, Accepted Article. This study aimed to inhibit the growth of Lacanicillium fungicola (L. fungicola) and improve the quality of button mushroom during a 21-day storage time at 4 °C using treatment of surface dielectric barrier discharge plasma.

      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
  25. Bioactivities evaluation of an endophytic bacterial strain Bacillus velezensis JRX-YG39 inhabiting wild grape

    • Mon, 07/04/2022 - 04:00
    • BMC Microbiology
    • Background Botrytis cinerea can cause serious disease on lots of plant hosts during growth and postharvest storage. Biocontrol is known to be eco-friendly methods to control pathogens. Plant endophytic bacteria are generally considered as beneficial organisms, since they can promote plant growth and enhance plant immune system.

      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest