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Research Publications (Food Safety)

The Food Safety Publications tracks research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. Recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal, Article Title, and Category. The research publications are tracked across six categories: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, Produce Safety, and Viruses. Articles produced by USDA Grant Funding Agencies and FDA Grant Funding Agencies are also tracked.

Displaying 1 - 25 of 39

  1. The Use of Water in Animal Production, Slaughter, and Processing, Adopted 22 April 2021, Washington, DC

    • Fri, 09/23/2022 - 04:00
    • Water is an essential part of food animal processing, and current processing practices use large volumes of water. Due to climate change, the food industry’s access to clean and inexpensive water is increasingly a challenge. The Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) seeks evaluation by the National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Food (NACMCF) to facilitate the safe reuse of sources of water in order to reduce water consumption.

      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  2. Economies of scale in constructing plant factories with artificial lighting and the economic viability of crop production

    • Thu, 09/08/2022 - 04:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Since the introduction of LED lamps a decade ago, the plant factory with artificial lighting (PFAL) has been expected to be a savior that overcomes the food crisis, brings food safety, and enhances environmental friendliness. Despite such high expectations, the diffusion of commercial crop production in PFALs has been slow. It has been said that the main reason for this is the huge initial investment required to construct PFALs.

      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  3. Emergence and spread of antibiotic-resistant foodborne pathogens from farm to table

    • Sat, 09/03/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
    • Antibiotics have been overused and misused for preventive and therapeutic purposes. Specifically, antibiotics are frequently used as growth promoters for improving productivity and performance of food-producing animals such as pigs, cattle, and poultry. The increasing use of antibiotics has been of great concern worldwide due to the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria.

      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  4. Farm to fork impacts of super-shedders and high-event periods on food safety

    • Wed, 06/15/2022 - 04:00
    • Trends in Food Science & Technology
    • Background

      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  5. The effect of lime oil emulsion on seed germination, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of hydroponic baby green oak lettuce for the assurance of safety from farm to fork

    • Fri, 05/27/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Food Safety
    • Journal of Food Safety, EarlyView. This study aimed to investigate the effect of soaking lettuce seeds in a lime oil emulsion at 0 (control), 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 μl/ml before growing them in a hydroponic plantation. After harvesting baby lettuce at Day 21, all lettuce was kept inside the refrigerator (4 ± 2°C) for the next 7 days. The microbiological quality and the antioxidant properties of lettuce were also investigated.

      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  6. A comprehensive review of wheat phytochemicals: From farm to fork and beyond

    • Fri, 04/22/2022 - 04:00
    • Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety
    • Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, EarlyView. The health benefits of whole wheat consumption can be partially attributed to wheat's phytochemicals, including phenolic acids, flavonoids, alkylresorcinols, carotenoids, phytosterols, tocopherols, and tocotrienols. It is of increasing interest to produce whole wheat products that are rich in bioactive phytochemicals.

      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  7. Expression of CYP76C6 Facilitates Isoproturon Metabolism and Detoxification in Rice

    • Thu, 04/07/2022 - 04:00
    • Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
    • Agricultural chemical residues in farmland and crops is one of the serious public issues that constantly threatens crop production, food security, and human health. Understanding their decay mechanism in crops for accelerating their degradative metabolism is important. In this study, a rice uncharacterized cytochrome P450 gene encoding CYP76C6 was functionally identified in rice exposed to isoproturon (IPU).

      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  8. Calcium Oxide Nanoparticles Have the Role of Alleviating Arsenic Toxicity of Barley

    • Fri, 03/11/2022 - 12:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Arsenic (As) contamination in agricultural soils has become a great threat to the sustainable development of agriculture and food safety. Although a lot of approaches have been proposed for dealing with soil As contamination, they are not practical in crop production due to high cost, time-taking, or operational complexity. The rapid development of nanotechnology appears to provide a novel solution to soil As contamination.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  9. Advances in the use of biocontrol applications in preharvest and postharvest environments: A food safety milestone

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Journal of Food Safety
    • Journal of Food Safety, EarlyView.

      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
      • Pre Harvest
  10. Application of a commercial Salmonella real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the detection and quantitation of Salmonellaenterica in poultry ceca

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Foodborne Salmonellosis is commonly associated with poultry and poultry products necessitating continued development of pre- and post-harvest food safety interventions and risk management strategies. Evaluating technologies and strategies is limited by availability of cost-effective, rapid laboratory methods.

      • Bacterial pathogens
      • Salmonella
      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
      • Pre Harvest
  11. Bioactive compounds in lettuce: Highlighting the benefits to human health and impacts of preharvest and postharvest practices

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety
    • Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, EarlyView.

      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
      • Pre Harvest
  12. The Food Safety Risks of Harvesting Dropped and Drooping Produce: A Review

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • The Food Safety Modernization Act’s Produce Safety Rule sets forth minimum standards for fruit and vegetable production in the U.S. One provision states that growers must not harvest dropped produce, as damage or ground contact may contaminate produce. An unpublished survey of 2020 food safety inspections conducted by the Northeast Center to Advance Food Safety identified handling of dropped covered produce as a common misunderstanding and non-compliance issue among Northeast growers.

      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
      • Pre Harvest
  13. Advances in “Omics” Approaches for Improving Toxic Metals/Metalloids Tolerance in Plants

    • Tue, 01/04/2022 - 16:00
    • Frontiers in Plant Science
    • Food safety has emerged as a high-urgency matter for sustainable agricultural production. Toxic metal contamination of soil and water significantly affects agricultural productivity, which is further aggravated by extreme anthropogenic activities and modern agricultural practices, leaving food safety and human health at risk. In addition to reducing crop production, increased metals/metalloids toxicity also disturbs plants’ demand and supply equilibrium.

      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  14. Minimized Atrazine Risks to Crop Security and Its Residue in the Environment by a Rice Methyltransferase as a Regulation Factor

    • Fri, 12/24/2021 - 04:01
    • Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
    • Atrazine (ATZ) is an agricultural pesticide for controlling field weeds. ATZ accumulates in many crops, posing high risks to crop production and food safety. Characterizing one of the novel rice MT genes named Oryza sativa atrazine-responsive methyltransferase (OsARM) showed that the expression of OsARM was associated with DNA demethylation (hypomethylation) in its promoter region.

      • Pesticide residues
      • Chemical contaminants
      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  15. Advances in use of biocontrol applications in preharvest and postharvest environments: A food safety milestone

    • Sun, 12/19/2021 - 22:11
    • Journal of Food Safety
    • Journal of Food Safety, EarlyView. Increasing concerns toward food safety and public health have rendered the use of synthetic chemicals in agricultural environments unacceptable. A shift toward biologically safe approaches has been considered a preferred strategy within the food handling chain and has received increasing attention over the past years in managing undesirable microbial growth.

      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
      • Pre Harvest
  16. The Food Safety Risks of Harvesting Dropped and Drooping Produce: A Review

    • Fri, 12/17/2021 - 04:01
    • Journal of Food Protection
    • The Food Safety Modernization Act’s Produce Safety Rule sets forth minimum standards for fruit and vegetable production in the U.S. One provision states that growers must not harvest dropped produce, as damage or ground contact may contaminate produce. An unpublished survey of 2020 food safety inspections conducted by the Northeast Center to Advance Food Safety identified handling of dropped covered produce as a common misunderstanding and non-compliance issue among Northeast growers.

      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
      • Pre Harvest
  17. Application of a commercial Salmonella real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the detection and quantitation of Salmonellaenterica in poultry ceca

    • Fri, 12/17/2021 - 04:01
    • Journal of Food Protection
    • Foodborne Salmonellosis is commonly associated with poultry and poultry products necessitating continued development of pre- and post-harvest food safety interventions and risk management strategies. Evaluating technologies and strategies is limited by availability of cost-effective, rapid laboratory methods.

      • Salmonella
      • Bacterial pathogens
      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
      • Pre Harvest
  18. Genomic evidence of environmental and resident Salmonella Senftenberg and Montevideo contamination in the pistachio supply-chain

    • Fri, 11/05/2021 - 08:01
    • PLOS ONE
    • by Julie Haendiges, Gordon R. Davidson, James B. Pettengill, Elizabeth Reed, Padmini Ramachandran, Tyann Blessington, Jesse D. Miller, Nathan Anderson, Sam Myoda, Eric W. Brown, Jie Zheng, Rohan Tikekar, Maria Hoffmann Pistachios have been implicated in two salmonellosis outbreaks and multiple recalls in the U.S.

      • Bacterial pathogens
      • Salmonella
      • Produce Safety
      • Post Harvest
      • Pre Harvest
  19. Educational interventions to address misconceptions about antibiotic residues in milk can alter consumer perceptions and may affect purchasing habits

    • Fri, 09/03/2021 - 08:01
    • Journal of Dairy Science
    • The industrialization of the agri-food industry and resultant decrease in the number of people employed on farms has contributed to a knowledge gap among consumers about food production processes. A commonly reported concern of dairy consumers is the use of antibiotics in dairy animals, even though these drugs are an important tool for promoting animal health and welfare and food safety.

      • Antibiotic residues
      • Chemical contaminants
      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  20. The Impact of Private Standards on Corporate Social Responsibility Compliance and Rural Workers’ Motivation in Developing Countries: A Study of Mango Farms in Pakistan

    • Wed, 08/25/2021 - 08:02
    • International Journal of Food Science
    • This study examines the role of a private standard on corporate social responsibility (CSR) compliance in the Pakistani mango industry and how this compliance affects rural workers’ motivation. Pakistan is the fifth largest mango producer in the world and the fourth largest exporter in global mango trade; also, mango is the biggest fruit crop within the country. Mango trade is subject to trade terms, where buyers decide the conditions of trade agreements by means of codes of conduct.

      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  21. Polyphenols and Organic Acids as Alternatives to Antimicrobials in Poultry Rearing: A Review

    • Sat, 08/21/2021 - 00:00
    • Antibiotics
    • For decades antibiotics have been used in poultry rearing to support high levels of production. Nevertheless, several problems have arisen because of the misuse of antibiotics (i.e., antibiotic resistance, residues in animal products, environmental pollution). Thus, the European Union (EU) as well as the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) promote action plans to diminish the use of antibiotics in animal production. Alternatives to antibiotics have been studied.

      • Antibiotic residues
      • Chemical contaminants
      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  22. Alternatives to Antibiotics: A Symposium on the Challenges and Solutions for Animal Health and Production

    • Wed, 04/21/2021 - 00:00
    • Antibiotics
    • Antibiotics have improved the length and quality of life of people worldwide and have had an immeasurable influence on agricultural animal health and the efficiency of animal production over the last 60 years. The increased affordability of animal protein for a greater proportion of the global population, in which antibiotic use has played a crucial part, has resulted in a substantial improvement in human quality of life.

      • Pre Harvest
      • Produce Safety
  23. Quantitative Modeling of Climate Change Impacts on Mycotoxins in Cereals: A Review

    • Tue, 04/13/2021 - 00:00
    • Toxins
    • Our climate is projected to change gradually over time. Mycotoxin occurrence in cereal grains is both directly and indirectly related to local weather and to climate changes. Direct routes are via the effects of precipitation, relative humidity, and temperatures on both fungal infection of the grain and mycotoxin formation. Indirect routes are via the effects of the wind dispersal of spores, insect attacks, and shifts in cereal grain phenology.

      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest
  24. Physical and Chemical Methods for Reduction in Aflatoxin Content of Feed and Food

    • Sat, 03/13/2021 - 00:00
    • Toxins
    • Aflatoxins (AFs) are among the most harmful fungal secondary metabolites imposing serious health risks on both household animals and humans. The more frequent occurrence of aflatoxins in the feed and food chain is clearly foreseeable as a consequence of the extreme weather conditions recorded most recently worldwide. Furthermore, production parameters, such as unadjusted variety use and improper cultural practices, can also increase the incidence of contamination.

      • Natural toxins
      • Produce Safety
      • Aflatoxins
      • Post Harvest
      • Pre Harvest
  25. Adjacent Terrestrial Landscapes Impact the Biogeographical Pattern of Soil Escherichia coli Strains in Produce Fields by Modifying the Importance of Environmental Selection and Dispersal

    • Sat, 02/27/2021 - 10:03
    • Applied and Environmental Microbiology
    • High-quality habitats for wildlife (e.g., forest) provide essential ecosystem services while increasing species diversity and habitat connectivity. Unfortunately, the presence of such habitats adjacent to produce fields may increase risk for contamination of fruits and vegetables by enteric bacteria, including Escherichia coli. E. coli survives in extrahost environments (e.g., soil) and could be dispersed across landscapes by wildlife.

      • Bacterial pathogens
      • Produce Safety
      • Pre Harvest