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Research Publications (Food Safety)

The Food Safety Publications tracks research that is published across national and international peer-reviewed journals. Recent articles are available ahead of print and searchable by Journal, Article Title, and Category. The research publications are tracked across six categories: Bacterial Pathogens, Chemical Contaminants, Natural Toxins, Parasites, Produce Safety, and Viruses. Articles produced by USDA Grant Funding Agencies and FDA Grant Funding Agencies are also tracked.

Displaying 1 - 25 of 1106

  1. Abridged validation of charm II screening tests for the detection of veterinary drug residues in fish farmed in Cameroon

    • Thu, 08/04/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • The intensification of aquaculture in Cameroon requires efficient screening methods to control veterinary drug residues in fish. This is why the charm II radio receptor technique for the detection of antimicrobial residues in aquaculture fish initiated in Belgium was transferred to Cameroon according to Commission Decision 2002/657/EC.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
  2. Presence and risks of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs in dietary plant supplements as elucidated by a combined DR CALUX® bioassay and GC-HRMS based approach

    • Sun, 07/31/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • Plant-based dietary supplements may contain undesirable contaminants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, dioxins and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) due to the sources of raw materials or processing methods used. The presence of these contaminants in a series of herbal supplements sold on the Ghanaian market for improving sexual performance was examined using the DR CALUX® bioassay in combination with GC-HRMS analysis.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Dioxins
  3. Quantitative analysis and carcinogenic/non-carcinogenic risk assessment of aflatoxin M1 in milk-based baby food and infant formula milk – a case study in Iran

    • Fri, 07/22/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • In this study, solid-phase extraction (SPE) combined with the dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction based on novel hydrophobic deep eutectic solvent (DLLME − DES) has been developed as an ultra-pre-concentration technique for the extraction of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in milk-based baby food (MBBF) and infant formula milk (IFM) samples followed by HPLC combined with fluorescence detection (HPLC − FL).

      • Natural toxins
      • Aflatoxins
      • Mycotoxins
  4. FumDSB can alleviate the inflammatory response induced by fumonisin B1 in growing pigs

    • Fri, 07/22/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • Fumonisin B1 (FB1) has the highest natural contamination rate among all fumonisin analogs and can inhibit food intake and weight gain of pigs. Under laboratory conditions, carboxylesterase FumDSB has a high FB1 degradation rate and excellent pH and thermal stability. The present study sought to estimate the effects of FumDSB on growing pigs from the perspective of a brain–intestinal axis.

      • Natural toxins
      • Mycotoxins
  5. Probabilistic determination of a maximum acceptable level of contaminant to reduce the risk of overexposure for a novel or emerging food: the case of cadmium in edible seaweed in the French population

    • Wed, 06/22/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • European and French populations are overexposed to cadmium (Cd) through their foods. The risk of increased cadmium exposure for consumers needs to be limited by reduced maximum limits (ML) for novel foodstuffs such as edible seaweed in France. The objective was to derive a low and protective cadmium concentration in edible seaweeds to limit cadmium overexposure in consumers.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  6. Development of biochar-impregnated alginate beads for the delivery of biocontrol agents for peanut aflatoxin

    • Fri, 06/10/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • The competitive inhibition of aflatoxigenic fungi by non-aflatoxigenic Aspergillus flavus has proved to be an effective method to prevent and control peanut aflatoxin contamination, and most of the currently used inoculum carriers are grains. In this study, the reliability and efficiency of replacing grain kernels with novel chitosan-coated alginate-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) beads impregnated with biochar (CSACB) were evaluated.

      • Natural toxins
      • Aflatoxins
      • Mycotoxins
  7. Presence of aflatoxins in hazelnut paste in Turkey and a risk assessment study

    • Sat, 06/04/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • Two hundred and two hazelnut paste samples from various hazelnut processing plants in the Black Sea Region of Turkey were analysed for the incidence of aflatoxins (AFs) by liquid chromatography coupled with fluorescence detection (LC-FLD). All 202 (100%) hazelnut paste samples were contaminated with various AFs ranged from 0.17 to 12.96 µg kg−1. AF contamination level of four (1.98%) samples exceeded legal limits.

      • Natural toxins
      • Aflatoxins
      • Mycotoxins
  8. Assessment of aflatoxin B1-lysine adduct in children and its effect on child growth in Lahore, Pakistan

    • Sat, 06/04/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • Aflatoxin B1 is an important toxic food contaminant and there is very little information available about its exposure and effects on the health of the Pakistani population. Therefore, children (n = 238) aged 1–11 years were recruited in this study to estimate the levels of aflatoxin B1-lysine adduct and to measure its adverse effects on growth. Blood samples were analyzed to detect AFB1-lysine adducts through high-performance liquid chromatography.

      • Natural toxins
      • Aflatoxins
      • Mycotoxins
  9. Eco-friendly ‘ochratoxin A’ control in stored licorice roots – quality assurance perspective

    • Sun, 05/22/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • According to toxicity data, ochratoxin A (OTA) is the second most important mycotoxin and is produced by Aspergillus and Penicillium. As a natural antifungal agent, clove essential oil (CEO) is a substance generally recognised as safe (GRAS) and shows strong activity against fungal pathogens. Here, we aimed to investigate the control efficacy of CEO in nano-emulsions (CEN) against OTA production in licorice roots and rhizomes during storage.

      • Natural toxins
      • Mycotoxins
  10. Multi-residue analysis, dissipation behavior, and final residues of four insecticides in supervised eggplant field

    • Fri, 05/20/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • In this study, the residues of four insecticides, spirotetramat, flonicamid, thiamethoxam, and tolfenpyrad, and their metabolites, including spirotetramat-enol, spirotetramat-mono-hydroxy, spirotetramat-keto-hydroxy, spirotetramat-enol-glucoside, 4-trifluoromethylnicotinamide, 4-trifluoromethylnicotinic acid, N-(4-trifluoromethylnicotinoyl) glycine, and clothianidin, were assessed using a single analysis method.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  11. Seasonal and geographical variations in insecticide and miticide residues in hop samples produced across three hop-growing regions in the Czech Republic during the years 2018–2020

    • Fri, 04/15/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • The aim of this study was to determine the presence of zoocide (insecticide and miticide) residues in hops collected in three hop-growing regions located in the Czech Republic, and to assess their zoocide profiles and residue levels in terms of variability in temperature and precipitation across the 2018–2020 seasons. Furthermore, the weather factors that influenced the occurrence of hop pests are described and discussed.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  12. Reduction of deoxynivalenol, T-2 and HT-2 toxins and associated Fusarium species during commercial and laboratory de-hulling of milling oats

    • Thu, 04/07/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • Oats (Avena sativa L.) are well known for their nutritional properties but are susceptible to the growth of different Fusarium fungi resulting in mycotoxin contamination of harvested oats. In this study, oat samples from harvest years 2011 to 2017 were preselected for their suitability as milling oats for food purposes with DON contents below 1750 µg/kg. The reduction of DON, T-2 and HT-2 toxins during the commercial de-hulling process was analysed.

      • Natural toxins
      • Mycotoxins
  13. ‘From soil to chocolate bar’: identifying critical steps in the journey of cadmium in a Colombian cacao plantation

    • Tue, 04/05/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • Regulation of maximum levels of cadmium in chocolate is an issue for cacao exportation from many parts of Latin America, including Colombia. These limits are related to the final product, but buyers often request maximum levels of Cd in the beans.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  14. Reduction the contamination of patulin during the brewing of apple cider and its characteristics

    • Wed, 03/30/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • Patulin is one of the most significant food safety problems in fruit and derived products. The reduction of patulin contamination in food processing has always been the focus of research. In this study, nine yeast strains were applied for the brewing of apple cider and the fate of patulin was determined.

      • Natural toxins
      • Mycotoxins
  15. The effect of technological processes on contamination with B-class trichothecenes and quality of spring wheat products from grain harvested at different times

    • Sat, 03/26/2022 - 04:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • The study aimed to investigate the effect of technological processes on deoxynivalenol (DON), 3-acetyl-deoxynivalenol (3-ADON) and 15-acetyl-deoxynivalenol (15-ADON) concentrations and quality of spring wheat products from grain harvested at different times. In this study, 408 samples were analysed for DON, 3-ADON and 15-ADON contamination by the HPLC method with UV detection. Delays in harvesting due to cool and rainy weather conditions resulted in increased DON, 3-ADON and 15-ADON levels.

      • Natural toxins
      • Mycotoxins
  16. The protective role of selenium against uptake and accumulation of cadmium and lead in white oyster (Pleurotus ostreatus) and pink oyster (Pleurotus djamor) mushrooms

    • Sat, 02/05/2022 - 12:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • Mushrooms are bioaccumulators and have been used to produce Se-enriched foods. However, these fungi can also bioaccumulate potentially toxic metals, producing food dangerous to human health. It is known that co-exposure to Se plays a protective role against metal accumulation and toxicity in some organisms due to its antioxidant properties.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Heavy Metals
  17. Survey of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans and non-ortho-polychlorinated biphenyls in U.S. meat, poultry, and siluriform fish from 2018-2019: toxic equivalency levels, temporal trends, and implications

    • Sat, 02/05/2022 - 12:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) conducted a survey of domestic animal products including beef fat, pork fat, chicken fat, turkey fat, dairy cow fat, and siluriform fish muscle (i.e. catfish) to determine the current residue levels of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and non-ortho-polychlorinated biphenyls (no-PCBs).

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Dioxins
  18. Residue changes of five pesticides during the production and storage of rice flour

    • Thu, 01/27/2022 - 12:00
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
    • The residue changes of five pesticides in samples from different steps of rice flour production and accelerated storage were systematically investigated. Rice flour was produced both by the extrusion process and the drying on roller process. The change of pesticide residues varied in different processing steps and storage time. The water adjusting step had little influence on the pesticide residues.

      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  19. Extraction and determination of strobilurin fungicides residues in apple samples using ultrasound-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction based on a novel hydrophobic deep eutectic solvent followed by H.P.L.C-U.V

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  20. Prevalence of okadaic acid in benthic organisms associated Prorocentrum lima complex in a sub-tropical estuary

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
      • Natural toxins
      • Shellfish toxins
  21. Analysis and occurrence of matrine in liquorice raw materials - Exclusion of its application as pesticide

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
      • Chemical contaminants
      • Pesticide residues
  22. Critical review of solid phase extraction for multiresidue clean-up and pre-concentration of antibiotics from livestock and poultry manure

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
      • Chemical contaminants
      • Antibiotic residues
  23. Occurrence and risk assessment of sterigmatocystin in agricultural products and processed foods in Korea

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
      • Natural toxins
      • Mycotoxins
  24. Fungal growth, patulin accumulation and volatile profile in ‘Fuji Mishima’ apples under controlled atmosphere and dynamic controlled atmosphere

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
      • Natural toxins
      • Mycotoxins
  25. Aspergillus carbonarius-derived ochratoxins are inhibited by Amazonian Bacillus spp. used as a biocontrol agent in grapes

    • Wed, 01/12/2022 - 22:17
    • Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A
      • Natural toxins
      • Mycotoxins