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U.S. Statistics on Women and Minorities on Farms and in Rural Areas

Compiled by:

Mary V. Gold and Becky Thompson
The Alternative Farming Systems Information Center (AFSIC)
National Agricultural Library (NAL)
U.S. Department of Agriculture
10301 Baltimore Avenue
Beltsville, MD 20705-2351
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Reviewed May 2022

  1. Socially Disadvantaged Farmers: Race, Hispanic Origin & Gender.
    USDA. Economic Research Service.
    From the ERS Beginning and Disadvantaged Farmers topic pages; features U.S. Census data and charts on the gender and race of farm operators in the United States. 
  2. Characteristics of Women Farm Operators and Their Farms.
    By Robert Hoppe and Penni Korb. Economic Information Bulletin No. (EIB-111). USDA. Economic Research Service. April 2013. 51 pp.
    "The share of U.S. farms operated by women nearly tripled over the past three decades. Using Census of Agriculture data from 1978 through 2007, this report provides detailed information about women farmers and the types of farms they operate."

2017 Census of Agriculture

2017 Census of Agriculture Fact Sheets
USDA. National Agricultural Statistics Service.
Fact sheets combine narrative and data to illustrate current trends among U.S. farmers and agricultural operations. [Issued April 2019.] Full Report.

Previous Agricultural Censuses may be viewed on the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service website.


A Profile of Female Farmers in America

"A Profile of Female Farmers in America", by Judith Z. Kalbacher. Rural Development Research Report No. 45. Economic Development Division, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Washington, DC. 1985.

Abstract: "Although the number of U.S. farms is dropping, the number of female farmers is rising. In 1978, about 128,000, or 5.2 percent of all U.S. farmers, were women. They tend to run smaller farms and earn less than their male counterparts. They are also older and more likely to be full owners of the land they farm."