Food Defense

The overall process of protecting the food supply from intentional contamination, including preventive measures, surveillance, incident reporting and control (NAL Thesaurus Definition).
Research Projects Database - Food Defense

Food Safety Research Information Office (National Agricultural Library [United States Department of Agriculture]).

Search the Research Projects Database for a comprehensive list of research on food traceability.

Search the Research Projects Database for resources

Books and Materials on Food Defense and Integrity in the NAL Catalog (AGRICOLA)

National Agricultural Library (United States Department of Agriculture).

Searchable database for resources available to persons interested in information on food defense and integrity.

Search AGRICOLA for resources

Food Safety and Inspection Service (United States Department of Agriculture).

An online resource developed and maintained by the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), part of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), that provides an overview includes the definition of food defense and its importance, FSIS's role in food defense, and the relationship between food defense, food safety, and food security. 

Food and Drug Administration (United States Department of Health and Human Services).

An overview of Food Defense Programs by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration includes Vulnerability Assessments and Key Activity Types, Strategic Partnership Program Agroterrorism (SPPA), Food and Agriculture Sector, and more.

Food Safety and Defense

National Institute of Food and Agriculture (United States Department of Agriculture).

Watch a video from the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) that highlights the ongoing challenges of food safety and defense.

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (United States Department of Agriculture).

June 2014

Broad overview of the regulations pertaining to livestock traceability. Includes materials, guides for identifying livestock moved interstate, information on approved identification devices, related listing of contacts.

Office of Inspector General (United States Department of Health and Human Services).

March 2009

Serves to assess the traceability of selected food products and determine the extent to which selected food facilities maintain information required by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in a food emergency.

Food Control (journal). Volume 32, Issue 2, August 2013

The purpose of this study was to identify whether a common theoretical framework with respect to implementation of food traceability exists. The literature review showed that no common understanding of the definitions and principles of traceability exists, nor is there a sound common theoretical framework with respect to implementation of food traceability. When no common theoretical framework exists, this affects the implementation process of traceability in the food industry. With a common theoretical framework, all traceability studies could have been more similar, and the implementation processes could have been more goal-oriented and efficient. Based on the review, it is clear that traceability is an interdisciplinary research field, and it spans the natural sciences as well as the social sciences. Further theoretical developments on implementation of food traceability are needed.

Journal of Food Science.

October 2013

The Institute of Food Technologists held Traceability Research Summits on July 14, August 22, and November 1, 2011, to address how to meet the growing requirement for agriculture and food traceability. Each meeting had a group of about 50 individuals who came from food companies, trade associations, local, state, and federal governments, 3rd‐party traceability solution providers, not‐for‐profit corporations, consultants, and consumer groups. They discussed and deliberated the objectives of traceability and the means to develop product tracing in the food system. A total of 70 people participated in the 3 summits. These individuals were invited to participate in a small workgroup responsible for considering the details related to product tracing and presenting draft concepts to the larger group on November 1, 2011, in Chicago. During this meeting, the larger assembly further refined the concepts and came to an agreement on the basic principles and overall design of the desired approach to traceability.