How should JATS records be formatted?


The following elements are required on all JATS records.  

See the links at the end of this page to sample records and a template.

For additional information see JATS documentation at:


A DTD describes the structure of an XML record as well as the
relationship of the elements to the application. It must appear at the
beginning of each set of records, or on each record if a file contains only
one record. Records without a schema or DTD will be rejected.

JATS schema:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
< !DOCTYPE article PUBLIC "-//NLM//DTD JATS (Z39.96)Journal Archiving and Interchange DTD v1.1d1 20130915//EN" "">

Journal Title:

The journal title should be transcribed as it appears on the publication.

The first word, proper nouns and names should be capitalized. All other letters should be in lower case. The first word of biological names should be capitalized.  

Do not include a journal’s subtitle unless it’s needed to clarify the meaning of the main title.

If the journal title appears in multiple languages, assign the <journal-title> to the language of the journal's text.  Code titles in other languages with the appropriate language code.

<journal-title>Journal of agricultural and food chemistry</journal-title>

<journal-title>Revista brasileira de agricultura irrigada</journal-title>
<trans-title>Brazilian journal of irrigation agriculture<trans-title>

Publisher Name:

The publisher’s name should be transcribed as it appears on the publication.

<publisher-name>WFL Publisher</publisher-name>

ISSN (International Standard Serial Number):

Metadata samples will not be approved without a journal's ISSN being registered with the ISSN International Centre in Paris. ISSNs can be obtained from each country's ISSN Centre, which is often the country’s national library. For more information see:

ISSNs for both the print and electronic versions of the journal should be included on the record, if available.

<issn pub-type="ppub">1459-0255</issn>
<issn pub-type="epub">1459-0263</issn>

Links to Full-Text:

NAL prefers DOIs (digital object identifiers) be employed as links from AGRICOLA records to online full-text content. If DOIs are not available, publishers may assign a URL that links to either the specific article or the journal.

For information about DOIs, please see:
URLs may be used to link to either the article or the journal, though linking directly to the article is preferred.

<article-id pub-id-type="doi">10.7127/rabi.v8n400213</article-id>
<article-id pub-id-type="uri"></article-id> </article-id>

Article Title:

<article-title> must be in English. If the title appears in a second language, it may be added as a translated title, even if it is in the language of the text.  

The first word, proper nouns, names and the first word of scientific names (taxonomic nomenclatures) should be capitalized. All other letters should be in lower case.

a) Rheological characterisation of the fractions separated from pork lards through dry fractionation
b) Developing a savanna burning emissions abatement methodology for tussock grasslands in high rainfall regions of northern Australia
c) Susceptibility of developmental stages of Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) to infection by Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae (Hypocreales: Clavicipitaceae)

Formatted examples:
English title only:
<article-title>Bioactivity of indigenous medicinal plants against the cotton whitefly, Bemisia tabaci</article-title>

English and Portuguese titles:
<article-title>Drippers flow disturbances due to application of CO2 for irrigation water </article-title>
<trans-title xml:lang="pt">Disturbios de vaz~ao em gotejadores devido a aplicac~ao de CO2 via agua de irrigac~ao</trans-title>

Personal Authors/Contributors and their Affiliations:

Last name, first name and middle name should be transcribed as they appear on the publication.  Names should be tagged as required by the format.

Records will be rejected in which first name, middle name and last name are in one tagged element.

Diacritics may be included.

Include affiliations for all authors, if possible. Affiliation is mandatory for the first named author, if it is noted in the journal article.

More than one affiliation per author may be recorded within the affiliation tag. Separate information about each affiliation with a period.

<contrib contrib-type="author">
<surname>Alves Silveira</surname>
<given-names>Pedro Rodrigues</given-names>
<aff>Departamento de Engenharia Rural, Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, Universidade de S~ao Paulo, Piracicaba</aff>
<email> (link sends e-mail)</email>

Publication Date:

Issue date may include day, month, year, or season, depending on what information appears on the article or journal title page.  Date information is provided both in coded form and by elements.

<pub-date type="pub">

<pub-date type="pub">

Volume Number/Issue Number:

Transcribe the volume and issue numbers as they appear on the publication. Roman rather than Arabic numbers may be used if they appear on the publication.





Extent (e.g. pagination):

Transcribe the pagination as it appears in the article. HTML created articles do not have page numbers, so don’t include them in records.



The abstract should be in plain Unicode text. It should not include HTML tagging or other format encoding elements. Please refer to the FAQ "How are entity references coded (symbols that need to be converted to codes)?" for the exceptions.

An English abstract is required on each record in order for AGRICOLA subject terms to be assigned. If an additional abstract in a language other than English appears in the article, that abstract may be added in a separate <abstract> element.

Records will not be accepted with abstracts in multiple languages in one <abstract> element.

Capitalization rules are the same as in the <journal-title> element.

There should be a period (.) at the end of the abstract.

Abstract only in English
<abstract > </abstract>

Abstract in English and Spanish

<abstract xml:lang="en">
<trans-abstract xml:lang="sp">