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Data Management Glossary

  • Access: The ability for a user to view and interact with data stored on a computer or computer system. (abc-clio/ODLIS)
  • Acquisition: Materials received by a repository as a unit; an accession.(
  • Appraisal: The process of identifying materials offered to an archives or repository that have sufficient value to be brought into the repository. (
  • Data: Data, or research data, is defined as the recorded factual material commonly accepted in the scientific community as necessary to validate research findings, but not any of the following: preliminary analyses, drafts of scientific papers, plans for future research, peer reviews, or communications with colleagues. This "recorded" material excludes physical objects (e.g., laboratory samples). (White House Archive)
  • Data curation: The active and ongoing management of data through its life cycle of interest and usefulness to scholarship, science, and education. (CLIR)
  • Digital curation: Activities related to the management of any digital object or resource throughout its lifecycle. (DCC)
  • Data Dictionary: A set of metadata defining and describing a particular data resource. (USGS)
  • Digital Preservation: The organizational, social, and technical processes which aim to ensure authenticity and access for digital objects over time. (
  • Metadata: Often referred to "data about data," metadata is information presented in structured form which contains description of another information object or resource. (NISO)