An official website of the United States government.

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you've safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

PLASMARRAY - Gene Expression during Repair of Salmonella Enterica Serovar Typhimurium after Exposure to Cold Atmospheric Gas Plasma: A Transciptomic Analysis using a DNA Microarray Approach


The demand for fresh or minimally processed food has grown rapidly in recent years. For this reason non-thermal processes have gained importance as a potential technology to replace the current thermal processing of food which results in extensive undesirable changes in quality attributes. An emerging technology is the use of non thermal ionized gases also known as cold gas plasmas. The low operating temperatures of cold atmospheric plasmas makes them well suited for treating surfaces of foods contaminated with microorganisms.
Although the use of cold atmospheric plasmas for microbial inactivation has been studied since the mid-1990s, the application of this technology to low-temperature food decontamination is much more recent. Although there are some studies on the effects of using non thermal plasma in food processing, there has been no research performed with the objective of understanding the requirements of bacteria during the resuscitation of sub-lethal injury following exposure to gas plasma.

The first aim of this project is to investigate the effect of cold atmospheric gas plasma on the inactivation of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium by the collection of kinetic data during inactivation on abiotic surfaces, (such as packaging film) and biotic surfaces (such as vegetable tissues).

A further aim is the measurement of the up-regulation of genes during resuscitation from damage inflicted by gas plasma. This will use a transcriptomic approach and a DNA microarray to identify time-dependent changes in the gene expression.

In this way, we will focus on the important cellular events during the resuscitation of sub-lethally injured Salmonella Typhimurium cells. This will allow an understanding of the regulatory mechanisms involved during the resuscitation of sub-lethal injury following exposure to gas plasma.

Identification of mechanisms to prevent resuscitation will enhance inactivation and will lead to improvement of the technique as an antimicrobial process

More information

Funded under 7th FWP (Seventh Framework Programme)

Anderson, Mary
Institute of Food Research, UK
Start date
End date
Funding Source
Project number