12John J. Finan (1950) Maize in the Great Herbals. Chronica Botanica Co., Waltham, Massachusetts, USA.
13J. M. Cohen (editor and translator) (1969) The four voyages of Christopher Columbus, being his own logbook, letters and dispatches with connecting narrative drawn from the Life of the Admiral by his son Hernando Colon and other contemporary historians. Penguin Books, London, UK.
14J. W. Harshberger (1893) Maize: a Botanical and Economic study. Contribution of Botanical Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, vol 1, pg 75-202.
21William Brooks Greenlee (translator) (1938) The voyage of Pedro Alvares Cabral to Brazil and India, from contemporary documents and narratives. Hakluyt Society, London, UK, reprinted in 1967 by Kraus, Liechtenstein, pg 29.
22Antonio Pigafetta (1525) Premier Voyage Autour du Monde. Paris, Vol. 1 pg 44, as reported by Berthould Laufer in unpublished notes (undated) from Box 66 "Maize and Mirrors" from the Laufer archive of the Field Museum, Chicago.
23Charles Boxer (1969) Four Centuries of Portuguese Expansion, 1415-1825. University of California Press, Berkeley, USA, pg 71.
24Clements Markham (1878) The Hawkins' voyages during the reigns of Henry VIII, Queen Elizabeth, and James I. Hakluyt Society, London, UK, reprinted in 1970 by Burt Franklin, New York, pg 27.
25John Masefield (editor) (1906) The Voyages of William Dampier. Two Volumes. London, UK, pg 387.
26J. C. Beaglehole (editor) (1962) The Endeavor Journal of Joseph Banks, 1768-1771. Two volumes, Angus and Robertson, Sydney, Australia, pg 183.
30Weatherwax (1954) op. cit. pg 34. Georg Schweinfurth's comment on the 1532 specimen of maize was also reported by Berthould Laufer in unpublished notes (undated) from Box 66 "Maize and Mirrors" from the Laufer archive of the Field Museum, Chicago.
37Rebourg, M. Chastenet, R. Gouesnard, C. Welcker, P. Dubreuil, A. Charcosset (2003) Maize introduction into Europe: the history reviewed in the light of molecular data. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, volume 106, pg 895-903.
42Marvin Miracle (1996) Maize in Tropical Africa, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, USA, pg 285. James McCann (2001) Maize and grace: history, corn, and Africa's new landscapes, 1500-1999, Comparative Studies in Society and History, volume 43, pg 246-272.
44Robert Brown (editor) (1896) The History and Description of Africa, Leo Africanus [Giovanni Leone] done into English in the year 1600, by John Pory. Three volumes, Hakluyt Society, London, UK, reprint by Burt Franklin, New York, pg 82.
52William Foster (1940) Voyages of Sir James Lancaster to Brazil and the East Indies. Hakluyt Society, London, UK, pg 5.
53Charles Boxer (1930) Commentaries of Ruy Freye de Andrada, in which are related his exploits from the year 1619, in which he left this kingdom of Portugal as general of the sea of Ormuz, and coast of Persia, and Arabia, until his death. McBride & Co., New York, USA, pg 11.
54Captain Pasfield Oliver (editor) (1891) The Voyage of Francois Lequat to Rodriguez, Mauritius, Java, and the Cape of Good Hope. Two volumes, Hakluyt Society, London, UK, pg 41.
55J. H. Arrowsmith-Brown (translator and editor) and Richard Pankhurst (annotator) (1991) Prutky's Travels in Ethiopia and Other Countries, Hakluyt Society, London, UK, pg 423.
57D. B. Grigg (1974) The Agricultural Systems of the World: an Evolutionary Approach. Cambridge University Press, UK, pg 30. According to unpublished notes (undated) of Berthould Laufer from Box 66 "Maize and Mirrors" from the Laufer archive of the Field Museum, Chicago, Georg Schweinfurth dated the introduction of American plants into Egypt to a time after the start of Turkish rule in 1517.
58Gerald Roe Crone (translator and editor) (1937) The voyages of Cadamosto and other documents on Western Africa in the second half of the fifteenth century. Hakluyt Society, London, UK, reprinted in 1967 by Kraus, Liechtenstein, pg 138
60Father Francisco Alvarez (1881) Narrative of the Portuguese Embassy to Abyssinia during the years 1520-1527. Translated from Portuguese and notes by Lord Stanley of Alderley. Hakluyt society, London, UK, reprinted by Burt Franklin, New York, pg 21, 32 and 107.
61Joseph Burtt-Davy (1914) Maize: its history, cultivation, handling, and uses. Longmans Green & Co., London, UK, pg 13.
63James Theodore Bent (1893) Early Voyages and Travels in the Levant. The diary of Master Thomas Dallam 1599-1600 and extracts from the diaries of Dr. John Covel, 1670-1679. Hakluyt Society, London, UK, reprinted by Burt Franklin, New York, pg 120.
Chapter 4. Makka in the Middle East and South Asia
64George Watt (1893) A Dictionary of the Economic Products of India, Delhi, India. pg 327.
65M. S. Randhawa (1982) A History of Agriculture in India, eighth to eighteenth Centuries, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India, Volume 2. Berthould Laufer (1924) Tobacco and its use in Asia, Field Museum of Natural History, leaflet 18, pg 57-95. Berthould Laufer (1924) The introduction of tobacco into Europe, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, leaflet 19, pg 97-162.
66John Fryer (1915) A New account of East India and Persia, being nine years' travels, 1672-1681, edited by William Crooke, Hakluyt Society, London, UK.
Charles Fawcett (editor) (1990) The Travels of the Abbe Carre in India and the Near East from 1673 to 1674, two volumes, Asian Educational Services 1990 reprint, New Delhi, India.
67Walter de Gray Birch (editor and translator) (1875-84), The Commentaries of the Great Afonso Dalboquerque, Second Viceroy of India, translated from Portuguese edition of 1774, Hakluyt Society, London, Volume 1, pg. 83 and 92.
77Aurthur Coke Burnell and P. A. Tiele (1884) The Voyage of John Huyghen van Linschoten to the East Indies, from the old English translation of 1598, Hakluyt Society, London UK, reprinted by Burt Franklin, New York, pg 178.
78quoted in Ram Chandra Prasad (1965) Early English Travellers in India. Motilal Banarasi Dass, Delhi, India, pg 47.
91Daniel Wright (1877) History of Nepal, translated from the Parbatiya by Munshi Shew shunker sing and Pandit Sri Guruanand, with an introductory sketch of the country and people of Nepal by the editor. Ranjan Gupta, Calcutta, India, pg 190.
95Antonio Monserrate (1922) The commentary of father Monserrate, SJ, on his journey to the court of Akbar. Translated from Latin by J.S. Hoyland, notes by S. N. Banerjee, Oxford University Press, London, UK, reprinted in 1992 by Asian Educational Services, New Delhi, India, pg 79-80.
96Philip Baldaeus (1672) A true and exact description of the most celebrated East-India coasts of Malabar and Coromandel and also of the Isle of Ceylon. First printed in Amsterdam 1672, English translation in 1703, facsimile reprint in 2000 Asian Educational Services, New Delhi, India.
Thomas Bowrey (1905) A geographical account of countries around the Bay of Bengal, 1669-1679. Edited by R. C. Temple, Hakluyt Society, London, reprinted in 1967 by Kraus, Liechtenstein.
Archibald Constable (translator and editor) (1891) Francois Bernier, Travels in the Mogul Empire. London, UK, reprinted in 1968, Chand & Co. New Delhi, India.
Fryer op. cit.
Fawcett op. cit.
William Foster (1921) Early Travels in India, 1583-1619. Oxford University Press, London, UK.
William Foster (1930) A New Account of the East Indies by Alexander Hamilton. Two Volumes. Argonaut Press, London, UK.
Edward Grey (editor) (1892) The Travels of Pietro della Valle in India, 1623-1626, from 1664 English translation of G. Havers. Two volumes. Hakluyt Society, London, UK, reprinted by Burt Franklin, New York.
C. Eckford Luard (editor) (1927) The Travels of Fray Sebastian Manrique, 1629-1643, a translation of the Itinerario de las Missiones Orientales. Hakluyt Society, London, UK, reprinted in 1967 by Kraus, Liechstenstein.
W. H. Moreland (editor) (1931) Relations of Golconda in the Early 17th Century. Hakluyt Society, London, UK.
Jean Baptice Tavernier (1889) Travels in India. Two volumes. MacMillan, London, UK, reprinted in 1976 by Al-Biruni, Lahore, Pakistan.
Richard Carnac Temple (editor) (1914) The Travels of Peter Mundy in Europe and Asia, 1608-1667, Volume 2, Travels in Asia, 1628-1634. Hakluyt society, London, UK. .
98Dilli Raman Regmi (1965) Medieval Nepal. Four volumes. Firma K. L. Mukhopadhyay, Calcutta, India, pg 494.
C. Wessels (1924) Early Jesuit Travellers in Central Asia, 1603-1721 A. D. Mattinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands, pg 317.
99Clements Markham (1879) Narratives of the Mission of George Bogle to Tibet and of the Journey of Thomas Manning to Lhasa, second edition. Trubner & Co. London, UK. pg 19.
100Samuel Turner (1800) An account of an embassy to the court of the Teshu Lama, in Tibet, by Captain Samuel Turner; to which are added views taken on the spot by lieutenant Samuel Davis; and some observations botanical, mineralogical, and medical, by Mr. Robert Saunders. London, UK, reprinted in 1971 by Manjusri Publishing house, New Delhi, India, pg 395.
101William Griffiths (1865) Political Missions to Bootan, containing Ashley Eden, Pemberton, and W. D. Griffiths journal of Mission to Bootan (1837-1838), Bengal Secretariat Office, Calcutta.
102Colonel Kirkpatrick (1811) Account of the kingdom of Nepaul, being the substance of observations made during a mission to that country 13 February to 3 April in the year 1793. London, UK, reprinted in 1986 Asian Educational services, New Delhi, India, pg 93
103Francis Buchanan (1807) Journey from Madras through the countries of Mysore, Canara, and Malabar. Three volumes. East India company, London, UK, Volume 2, pg 177.
107Francis Buchanan (1923) Journal of Francis Buchanan kept during the survey of the districts of Patna and Gaya in 1811-1812. Edited by V. H. Jackson, reprinted in 1989 by Asian Educational Services, pg 67.
108Henry T. Colebrooke (1806) Remarks on the husbandry and internal commerce of Bengal, London, pg 34.
109Brian Houghton Hodgson (1874) Essays on the language, literature, and religion of Nepal and Tibet. Reprinted in 1991, Asian Educational Services, New Delhi, India, pg 87
115from La Loubere (date unknown) Du Royaume de Siam, Paris, quoted by Berthould Laufer in unpublished notes (undated) from Box 66 "Maize and Mirrors" from the Laufer archive of the Field Museum, Chicago.
116Father Sangermano (edited by John Jardine, 1893) The Burmese Empire a Hundred Years Ago, Westminster, London, pg 190, 192, 193, 194 and 213.
117Horace Hayman Wilson (1841) Travels in the Himalayan Provinces of Hindustan and the Panjab; in Ladakh and Kashmir; in Peshawar, Kabul, Kunduz and Bokhara from 1819-1825, by William Moorcroft and George Trebeck Two volumes. John Murray, London, UK, Volume 2, pg 379.
118Andrew L. Adams (1994) The Western Himalayas and Kashmir, travels in 1849. Jay Kay Book House, New Delhi, India, pg 62 and 153.
119A. D. Frederickson (1889) Ad Orientem, London, UK, pg 75.
120William Roxburgh (1832) Flora Indica, Description of Indian Plants. Serampere, Thacker and Co. Calcutta, India, Volume 3, pg 568.
121B. H. Powell (1868) Handbook of the Economic Products of the Punjab, volume 1, pg 231, quoted by Berthould Laufer in unpublished notes (undated) from Box 6 "Maize and Mirrors" from the Laufer archive of the Field Museum, Chicago.
123Berthould Laufer (1907) The introduction of maize into eastern Asia. Proceedings of the International Congress of
Americanists, fifteenth session, volume 1:223-257.
Ping-ti Ho (1955) The introduction of American food plants into China. American Anthropologist 57:191-201.
124E. Bretschneider (1887) Medieval researches from eastern Asiatic sources, fragments towards the knowledge of the geography and history of central and western Asia from the 13th to the 17th century. Two volumes, reprinted in 1967, Barnes & Noble, New York, USA, pg 224.
128C. Wessels (1931) An Account of Tibet: the Travels of Ippolito Desideri of Pistoia, 1712-1727. Routledge, London, UK, pg 189.
129R. Huc and G. Gabet (1966) Travels in Tartary, Thibet and China, 1844-1846. Two volumes. Translated by William Hazlitt, reprinted in 1988 by Asian Educational Services, New Delhi, India, Volume 2 pg 377.
143Paul Weatherwax (1923) The History of the Maize Plant. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA, pg 18. Matthieu Bonafous (1836) Histoire Naturelle, Agricole et Economique du mais, Paris, Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, USDA.
144H. R. Davies (1909) Yun-nan, the Link between India and the Yangtze. Cambridge University Press, London, UK.
Alexander Hosie (1897) Three Years in Western China. Second edition, George Philip and Son, London, UK.
Ernest Henry Wilson (1913) A Naturalist in Western China. Second edition, two volumes, Metheun & Co., London, UK, reprinted in 1986 by Cadogan Books, London.
147Juan Gonzalez de Mendoza (1853-1854) History of the great and mighty kingdom of China and the situation thereof. Reprinted from the translation of R. Parke 1588 and edited by George Staunton, two volumes, Hakluyt Society, London, UK, reprinted by Burt Franklin, New York.
151Gaspar da Cruz (1570) Tractado em que se contam muito por extenso as cousas da China, com suas particularidades, e assi do reyno de Ormuz. Reprinted from the 1570 edition by Portucalense Editora, Barcelona, Spain. Excerpt translated into modern Portuguese and into English by Mercedes Panizzi.
159Alfred Russel Wallace (1890) The Malay Archipelago. Revised second edition, reprinted in 2000, Periplus Ltd., Singapore, pg 231.
160M. H. Lecomte (1922) Flore generale de L'Indo-Chine. Masson, Paris, France, pg 217.
161Mansel Longworth Dames (1918) The book of Duarte Barbosa, Volumes 1 and 2, an account of the countries bordering the Indian ocean and their inhabitants, 1518. Translation of Portuguese text first published in 1812. Hakluyt Society, London, UK, pg xxxiii.
162Henry Stanley (editor) (1868) The Philippine Islands, Moluccas, Siam, Cambodia, Japan, and China, at the close of the sixteenth century by Antonio de Morga. Hakluyt society, London, UK, pg 271.
Henri Yule (editor) (1886) The Diary of William Hedges, Esq. during his agency in Bengal; as well as on his voyage out and return overland, 1681-1687. Three volumes, Hakluyt Society, London, England, UK, volume 2 pg cccxxxii.
Oliver (1891) op. cit. pg 229.
163William Dampier (1729) A New Voyage Round the World. James Knapton, london, UK, reprinted in 1927 by Argonaut Press, paperback edition, Dover, New York, USA, pg 15.
172Kenneth Gordon McIntyre (1977) The Secret Discovery of Australia, Portuguese Ventures 250 Years before Captain Cook. Pan Books, Sydney, Australia, pg 51.
173Journal of Abel Tasman (1642-1643) English translation of Huydecooper copy of Tasman's journal, unpaginated, handwritten, in the Special Collections of the State Library of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. The manuscript is described by Cheryl Evans in the Exhibition Guide to the Heritage Collection 2003, published by the State Library.
174M. Aurosseau (editor) (1968) The Letters of F. W. Ludwig Leichhardt. Three volumes, Hakluyt Society, London, UK, Volume 3 pg 843.
Colin Roderick (1988) Leichhardt, the Dauntless Explorer, 1844-1845. Angus and Robertson, Sydney, Australia.
175Exhibition Guide to Dare to Know 1998, published by the State Library of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
176Alan Frost (1993) Sir Joseph Banks and the transfer of plants to and from the South Pacific, 1786-1798. The Colony Press, Melbourne, Australia, pg 12.