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You are here: Home / NAL Collections / Special Collections / Guide to the Collections / Index to the Manuscript Collections / Search Results
National Agricultural Library Collections
Special Collections

Index to the Manuscript Collections--Search Results

28 record(s) found

Collection Number: 91
Collection Name: Charles Edwin Kellogg Papers
Earliest Date: 1929
Latest Date: 1975
Bulk Dates: 1947-71
Linear Feet: 307
Collection Description: The Charles Edwin Kellogg Papers contain scripts of Kellogg's speeches, articles, reviews, reprints, correspondence, field notes, journals, slides, photographs, soil maps, and publications relating to soil science and agriculture. Publications include many of the rare works of soil science pioneers such as Glinka, Ruffin, Evelyn, Young, and Marbut.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles Edwin Kellogg (1902-1980) began his career at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1934 as a soil technologist on the National Cooperative Soil Survey and was appointed Chief of the Soil Survey Division of the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils in 1935. His department became a part of the Bureau of Plant Industry in 1939. A prolific writer, Kellogg played a major part in outlining and writing Soils and Man, the USDA's Yearbook of Agriculture for 1938, and wrote the first edition of the Soil Survey Manual in 1939, which was subsequently adopted by soil survey organizations throughout the world. He advised international organizations and national research and agricultural agencies in this and other countries, helping to organize research and promote improved farming systems for efficient production, soil conservation, and high standards of rural living. While traveling to other countries to learn farming methods and to assist in agricultural development programs, Kellogg wrote field notes and took photographs of his soil surveys and of other experiences of the trips. At the time of his retirement in 1971, Kellogg was the Deputy Administrator of the Soil Conservation Service.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 94
Collection Name: Henry Granger Knight Diary
Earliest Date: 1929
Latest Date: 1942
Linear Feet: 0.75
Collection Description: The Henry Granger Knight Diary is two volumes and contains detailed daily entries of Knight's work activities for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Henry Granger Knight (1878-1942), a chemist, was Chief of the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils from 1927-1939 and then of the Bureau of Agricultural Chemistry and Engineering from 1939-1942.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 142
Collection Name: John Peter Richardson Correspondence
Earliest Date: 1840
Latest Date: 1840
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The John Peter Richardson Correspondence collection contains two letters between W.S. Reynolds and John Peter Richardson relating to the status of agriculture within South Carolina and the possibility of a survey of agriculture, soils, and mineral resources.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: John Peter Richardson resided in Clarendon, Sumter District, South Carolina, and W.S. Reynolds resided in Blackville in the Barnwell District of South Carolina .
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 147
Collection Name: Edward John Russell Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1927
Latest Date: 1927
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Edward John Russell Manuscript, titled "Field Experiments at Rothamsted," was given to the Graduate School of the U.S. Department of Agriculture by Sir John Russell. It was proposed for publication, along with many black and white photographs, as a Bureau of Chemistry and Soils Bulletin in 1928; however, it was never published.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Edward John Russell was Director of Rothamsted Experimental Station in Harpenden, England in 1927.
Formats: Photographs

Collection Number: 151
Collection Name: Charles Farquharson Stewart Sharpe Papers
Earliest Date: 1925
Latest Date: 1991
Bulk Dates: 1925-1949
Linear Feet: 6.75
Collection Description: The Charles Farquharson Stewart Sharpe Papers consist of copies of articles, translations, and publications relating to geomorphology and erosion; correspondence and other records produced in the course of work for the Climatic and Physiographic Division; research notes and draft reports of physiographic studies in which Sharpe was involved; copies of published reports authored by Sharpe; and photographs and lantern slides documenting soil erosion studies.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles Farquharson Stewart Sharpe (b. 1907) worked as a soil conservationist in the Climatic and Physiographic Division of the Soil Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, from 1935-1943.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 154
Collection Name: William Woolford Skinner Diary
Earliest Date: 1942
Latest Date: 1944
Linear Feet: 0.5
Collection Description: The William Woolford Skinner Diary is a four-volume, typewritten diary consisting of daily entries from December 1942 to March 1944 about Skinner’s work as chief of the Bureau of Agricultural and Industrial Chemistry, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Woolford Skinner (1874-1953) was a chemist at the University of Maryland from 1895-1899 and at the University of Arizona from 1899-1904. He held various positions with U.S. Department of Agriculture, including Chief of the Water and Beverage Lab, Bureau of Chemistry, 1914-1921; Assistant Chief of the Bureau of Chemistry, 1921-1927; Assistant Chief of chemistry and technical research, Bureau of Chemistry and Soils, 1927-1935; Assistant Chief, Bureau of Chemistry and Soils, 1935-1939; Associate Chief, Bureau of Agricultural Chemistry and Engineering, 1939-1942; and Chief, Bureau of Agricultural and Industrial Chemistry, 1942-1944.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 156
Collection Name: Erwin Frink Smith Papers
Earliest Date: 1880
Latest Date: 1930
Linear Feet: 5.5
Collection Description: The Erwin Frink Smith Papers contain Smith's notes, writings, letters, and publications. Notable writings include his first paper on bacteria as a plant pathogen, his first paper on the fungus infestation of soils, material on the Fischer-Smith polemic, the results of his studies on crown gall in plants and its relation to cancer in animals, and his Bibliography of Peach Yellows.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Chief of Plant Pathology in the Bureau of Plant Industry, U.S. Department of Agriculture, for almost four decades, from 1889-1927, Smith (1854-1927) is recognized as the "father of bacterial plant pathology." The author of more than 240 articles, he was elected president of the Society of Cancer Research in 1924.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 163
Collection Name: Harriett Singleton Stubbs Papers
Earliest Date: 1982
Latest Date: 1985
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Harriett Singleton Stubbs Papers consist of publications, brochures, reports, articles, speeches, fact sheets, bibliographies, and correspondence relating to acid rain in Canada and to United States government agencies and other organizations that dealt with acid rain.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Harriett Singleton Stubbs was executive director of the Acid Rain Foundation, Inc., during the 1980s. The mission of the Acid Rain Foundation was to raise the level of public awareness, to publish educational materials, and to bring about resolution to global change issues.

Collection Number: 165
Collection Name: William Nicholas Sullivan Papers
Earliest Date: 1945
Latest Date: 1978
Bulk Dates: 1963-1978
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The William Nicholas Sullivan Papers include research, correspondence, and publications on insect biorhythms, aircraft disinsection, and aerosols.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William Nicholas Sullivan (1908-1979) worked primarily with the chemical and biophysical control laboratory of the Agricultural Environmental Quality Institute at the Agricultural Research Center. He was coinventor with Lyle Goodhue of the aerosol insecticide bomb, known as the “bug bomb.” In World War II, this reduced allied mosquito-vectored disease casualties in the Pacific theater and elsewhere. Sullivan won honors from the World Health Organization, which based its standards for ridding aircraft of insects on Sullivan's studies. During his lifetime, Sullivan produced 151 publications, mostly on aerosols and biological rhythms of insects, and received 23 patents.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 170
Collection Name: Charles Thom Papers
Earliest Date: 1891
Latest Date: 1968
Linear Feet: 10
Collection Description: The Charles Thom Papers range from materials from Thom's college years to biographical memoirs published after his death. The collection includes correspondence, notes, notebooks, essays, lectures, speeches, diaries, and journals; published items including monographs, journal articles, and newspaper clippings; and lantern slides from professional trips. The majority of the collection focuses on soil microbiology, mycology, food spoilage, food poisoning, and penicillin.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Charles Thom (1872-1956) worked in various capacities for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) for over 40 years. In 1904, he began working for the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, where he remained as mycologist in charge of cheese investigations until 1913. By 1927 he was head of the Division of Soil Microbiology of the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils. After his retirement, he carried out inspections for the War Food Administration. Throughout his career, Thom was involved in important research with two genera of mold: Aspergillus and Penicillium.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 199
Collection Name: Harvey Washington Wiley Manuscript
Earliest Date: 1904
Latest Date: 1904
Linear Feet: 0.25
Collection Description: The Harvey Washington Wiley manuscript consists of a typewritten draft of an unpublished USDA Bureau of Chemistry bulletin entitled "Comparative Fertility and Nitrifying Power of Soils." The draft was co-written by Wiley, C. C. Moore, and E. E. Ewell. It is dated June 30, 1904.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Harvey Washington Wiley (1844-1930) was chief chemist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) from 1883-1912. During his career in the USDA Bureau of Chemistry, he fought for the enactment of a pure food and drug law in the United States. In 1902, he organized a study on the effects of eating food treated with preservatives that manufacturers claimed were harmless. A dozen young men in Dr. Wiley's department volunteered to eat only the processed foods he gave them. This group became known as the "poison squad." Wiley published a 2,000-page report on the data he collected from his food additive experiment over a period of several years. Soon after the report was released, President Theodore Roosevelt signed into law the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906. A prolific author, Wiley wrote books, government bulletins, and scientific papers on agricultural chemistry.
Text Available in NALDR:
Subjects: Natural Resources
Digitization Status: Entire collection digitized

Collection Number: 207
Collection Name: Alvin L. Young Collection on Agent Orange
Earliest Date: 1930
Latest Date: 1987
Linear Feet: 120
Collection Description: The Alvin L. Young Collection on Agent Orange contains correspondence, newspaper articles, journal reprints, conference papers, technical reports, congressional hearing testimony, government documents, monographs, and other research materials concerned with the phenoxy herbicides, the toxic impurity 2,3,7,8-tetrachloro-dibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), and related chemicals. Much of the collection focuses on, or is related to, Agent Orange, a phenoxy herbicide containing TCDD used as a defoliant during the Vietnam War.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Alvin L. Young (b. 1942), a specialist in herbicide physiology, amassed this collection over more than 25 years of research conducted for the U.S. Air Force, Veterans Administration, and other federal agencies. He has also served as an advisor or consultant to the National Academies of Science and the Italian and Austra lian governments. His expertise includes the ecological impact and toxicity of the herbicides used in the Vietnam War; the environmental fate and toxicology of tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxins; and science policy and risk assessment/risk management applied to environmental issues.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: Portion of collection digitized

Collection Number: 467
Collection Name: USDA Soil Samples Collection
Earliest Date: 1916
Latest Date: 1916
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The USDA Soil Samples Collection consists of 90 vials containing samples of soils from soil provinces and regions of the United States. The collection is accompanied by a booklet, entitled: Important Soils of the United States, published in 1916.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The collection was created in 1916 by the USDA Bureau of Soils for the purpose of illustrating the various soil provinces and regions of the United States. It was designed for the use of schools and colleges teaching agriculture and physical geography. In 2015, it was given to the Natural Conservation Research Service in New Jersey by a teacher who found it in a school classroom in the Cumberland County, New Jersey School District. The Natural Conservation Research Service arranged for donation of the collection to Special Collections, National Agricultural Library in August 2015.

Collection Number: 236
Collection Name: Charles C. Plitt Collection
Earliest Date: 1897
Latest Date: 1994
Linear Feet: 10.25
Collection Description: The Charles C. Plitt Collection consists of a series of journals resulting from weekly botany field trips, which Plitt referred to as “tramps,” ranging in date from about 1898-1922. Plitt led these tramps through many areas around Baltimore; such as Loch Raven, Glen Burnie, Towson, Curtis Bay, and Ellicott City. The collection also includes biographical data, correspondence, photographs, and a book.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: A lifelong Marylander, Charles C. Plitt (1869-1933) was both a professor of botany and an international authority on lichens. In 1891, he received a degree in pharmacy from the old Maryland College of Pharmacy. In 1920, he was appointed full professor of botany and pharmacognosy at the School of Pharmacy of the University of Maryland. In 1921, Plitt was awarded an honorary doctor of science degree for his meritorious work in botany by the International Academy of Sciences.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs

Collection Number: 249
Collection Name: USDA Insecticide Division Notebooks on White Arsenic
Earliest Date: 1922
Latest Date: 1946
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The USDA Insecticide Division Notebooks on White Arsenic are notebooks of scientists who worked on white arsenic research in the Insecticide Division, Bureau of Chemistry and Soils. Names on notebooks include F.E. Dearborn, Charles Meldrum Smith, Ole Anker Nelson, Lloyd E. Smith, J.W. Barnes, Cecil Robert Gross, J. Weisser, Carroll Clayton Cassil, E.H. Hamilton, Robert K. Preston, Robert A. Hayes, N. Green, Houston Vernon Claborn, and W.H. Tonkin.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: USDA research on insecticides began in 1910 with the Insecticide and Fungicide Board of the Bureau of Chemistry. In 1927 the Bureau of Chemistry merged with the Bureau of Soils and the soil-related divisions of the Bureau of Plant Industry to form the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils. Research on insecticides continued under the broad research subject group "Chemical and Technological Research." In 1934 the Insecticide Division of the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils was transferred to the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine. The main research goal of the Insecticide Division was to find and regulate chemical solutions suitable for the control of insect pests, especially those affecting crops and other plants.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 263
Collection Name: Franklin Benjamin Hough Papers
Earliest Date: 1870
Latest Date: 1884
Bulk Dates: 1876-77
Linear Feet: 2
Collection Description: The Franklin Benjamin Hough Papers consist of handwritten correspondence, agreements, and memoranda. Much of the correspondence deals with forestry matters, and, specifically, a paper that Hough presented to the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in 1873 on "The Duty of Governments in the Preservation of Forests." His study revealed that forests were beneficial to climate, streamflow, and soil, and argued that it was necessary to preserve and renew forests. The address triggered a national forest-preservation movement and lobbying effort backed by AAAS. In response, Congress approved funding in 1876 for a federal forestry expert within the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and Hough was appointed to the position soon after.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Franklin Benjamin Hough (1822-1885) was the first physician in Lewis County, New York; forest commissioner, USDA, from 1876-1881, and the chief of the Division of Forestry, USDA, from 1881-1883.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 291
Collection Name: Flood Control Collection
Earliest Date: 1910
Latest Date: 1979
Bulk Dates: 1938-1953
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The Flood Control Collection contains reports, publications, correspondence, notes, photographs, audio recordings, maps, and data regarding floods and flood control in the United States. Most of these items were produced by the USDA Soil Conservation Service. There are a few pieces authored by other individuals and agencies. The collection also includes articles and addresses written for professional organizations, such as the American Society of Agricultural Engineers and the Society of American Foresters.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: On April 27, 1935, Congress established the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) as a permanent agency in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). The creation of the agency highlighted the efforts of Hugh Hammond Bennett to inform the public about the problem of soil erosion. Bennett was appointed the first Chief of SCS. Watershed planning became an important part of the agency’s mission in the 1930s. Bennett recognized that successful soil and water conservation needed to begin at the watershed level. SCS organized its early demonstration projects on a watershed scale. A series of laws formed the basis of SCS erosion control programs. The Flood Control Act of 1936 authorized SCS to study methods for erosion control and flood prevention. The Flood Control Act of 1944 enabled the agency to begin work on its first 11 watershed projects. Passage of the Agricultural Appropriations Act of 1953 authorized 63 more projects. Congress enacted the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act in 1954. With this law, SCS gained permanent watershed planning authority. In 1994, SCS was renamed the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS).
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Audiovisuals; Maps; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 328
Collection Name: William McLeod Rivera Papers
Earliest Date: 1962
Latest Date: 1992
Bulk Dates: 1986-1992
Linear Feet: 2.5
Collection Description: The William McLeod Rivera papers consist of journals, papers both written and collected by Rivera, conference publications, correspondence, and information on courses taught by Rivera.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: William McLeod Rivera is an associate professor in the College of Agricultural and Natural Sciences at the University of Maryland. His subject area of expertise is agriculture extension education. Throughout his career he has worked all around the world in consultancy capacities on projects and programs related to adult and agricultural extension education. These projects have ranged from formulating curricula for educational institutions to developing extension programs for rural farmers. He has worked under such organizations as the United Nations, World Education, Inc., the World Bank, and the U.S. Agency for International Development. Rivera is also a well-accomplished author, having had two books published, edited several other books, and written many articles in several adult and agricultural extension education books and journals.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 329
Collection Name: Soil Conservation Service Film Collection
Earliest Date: 1953
Latest Date: 1977
Linear Feet: 4.5
Collection Description: The Soil Conservation Service Film Collection contains films produced by and for the Soil Conservation Service. These films were used for education, training, and public service announcements.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: In 1935 Congress passed an act that directed the Secretary of Agriculture to create an agency to deal with issues surrounding soil quality and erosion. This new agency would be called the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) and was actually the successor to the Soil Erosion Service (which itself was only two years old) of the Department of the Interior. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) had been examining soil erosion for years. However, a new program, developed by Hugh Hammond Bennett (the first Chief of the SCS), coordinated much knowledge and practices related to soil. Bennett first began to promote the fight against soil erosion in a published bulletin in 1928. The actions taken by the SCS to maintain and improve soil conditions were driven largely by private landowners, who were organized into local districts. Furthermore, the SCS was given the recommendation to coordinate its actions with other agencies doing similar work. Both of these methods allowed for the most concentrated effort possible to conserve the nation’s soil. After the USDA reorganization of 1994, the SCS was replaced by the Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Formats: Audiovisuals

Collection Number: 331
Collection Name: USDA Bureau of Biological Survey Records (Duckstamps)
Earliest Date: 1918
Latest Date: 1939
Bulk Dates: 1934-1939
Linear Feet: 4
Collection Description: The USDA Bureau of Biological Survey Records consist of memoranda and transcripts related to hunting regulations; water and forest conservation; wildlife control, management, research, and development; migratory habits of birds and other animals; control of rodent pests; and bureau management.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The U.S. Department of Agriculture Bureau of Biological Survey began as the Office of Economic Ornithology in 1885, under the Division of Entomology. Its main task at the time was to study how birds affected farm production. In its first decade, this unit would evolve into the Division of Biological Survey, and its duties were expanded to include the distribution of birds and other animals in the wild, as well as to track the food and migratory habits of the animals. In addition, the research done by this division was used to maintain the delicate balance between controlling dangerous species and protecting endangered species. The division reached bureau status in 1905. Research was then expanded to include the economic connections between conserving wildlife and controlling species that were a danger to agriculture. The bureau also had the responsibilities of enforcing wildlife laws and managing wildlife refuges. In 1939 the bureau was transferred to the Department of the Interior (DOI). In 1940 it merged with the Bureau of Fisheries (also transferred to the DOI in 1939) to become the Fish and Wildlife Service.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 342
Collection Name: Lyle Thomas Alexander Papers
Earliest Date: 1932
Latest Date: 2004
Linear Feet: 4
Collection Description: The Lyle Thomas Alexander Papers contain biographical documents, letters, photographs, awards, medals, publications, journal transcript of West Africa and Belgian Congo, maps, and clippings related to his career as a soil chemist for USDA Soil Conservation Service.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Lyle T. Alexander (1905-1983) worked for USDA for over 40 years as a soil chemist. After graduating from the University of Arkansas with a chemistry degree in 1928, he began working at USDA as a soil scientist in the Soil Conservation Service. He earned a Ph.D. in physical chemistry at the University of Maryland in 1935. During his career with USDA, Alexander developed a specialty in tropical soils. He became an expert in the radioactive fallout content of soils and agriculture, thereby traveling extensively to Australia, New Zealand, the Pacific area, the Sahara area of Africa, Europe, and the Near East. He retired in 1968 as chief of the Soil Survey Laboratories, Soil Conservation Service. After retirement, he went to work as a consultant for Resources for the Future, in Washington, D.C. He collaborated with Marion Clawson and Hans Landsberg on the topic of desalination of seawater. During his career with the USDA, he authored approximately 70 papers in soil science in such publications as the USDA's technical bulletins and its yearbooks (1938-1957), and the Proceedings of the Soil Science of America. Together with Thomas M. Shaw, he held a patent in the use of dielectric constant measurements to detect ice formations.
Processed: Yes, view the finding aid online.
Formats: Agricultural Art and Memorabilia; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 350
Collection Name: Abraham D. Stoesz Papers
Earliest Date: 1930
Latest Date: 1963
Bulk Dates: 1957-1961
Linear Feet: 3
Collection Description: The Abraham D. Stoesz Papers are composed of approximately 1100 35mm slides. Subjects of the slides include erosion, soil, plants, and flowers, as well as what seem to be tourism photographs from Washington D.C., New York City, and other cities and universities. Many slides are clearly labeled with the date, location, and subjects of the slide. The slides represent locations all over the United States. A second large part of the collection contains field notebooks kept by Stoesz. There are approximately 50 notebooks which include notes from conferences, meetings, field expeditions, etc. Some are clearly dated and easy to understand; others contain abbreviated notes and are undated. The notebooks date from 1952-1963, with the bulk of them relating to 1957-1961. Also included in this collection is a program from Stoesz's funeral, two photographs, and 12 35mm film rolls. All film rolls are rolled and may not be viewable without proper preservation. Eight of the rolls are stored in metal film canisters that could not be opened during the accession process.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Abraham D. Stoesz was born on April 26, 1894. He worked with the Soil Conservation Service beginning in the late 1920s and continued there until his retirement in the early 1960s. He worked in locations including Mandan, ND; Rapid City, SD; Lincoln, NE; Washington, DC; and Tanzania. He died on February 24, 1982. The Soil Conservation Service (SCS) is now called the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS); for more information:
Formats: Audiovisuals; Photographs
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 357
Collection Name: Sterling Brown Hendricks Papers
Earliest Date: 1924
Latest Date: 1970
Bulk Dates: 1960-1968
Linear Feet: 4
Collection Description: The Sterling Brown Hendricks Papers consists primarily of article reprints written and compiled by Hendricks, a USDA scientist and administrator from 1922-1970. Annual reports from the Mineral Nutrition Laboratory for the years 1958-1969 and reference articles are also included.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Sterling Brown Hendricks (April 13, 1902 - January 4, 1981) served within several departments of the USDA, including holding the position of Chief Scientist in the Mineral Nutrition Engineering Research Laboratory, ARS, USDA from 1943-1970. Hendricks was an accomplished chemist and mineralogist. He was awarded the ARS Science Hall of Fame posthumously in 1993 and the Sterling B. Hendricks Memorial Lectureship Award was established in 1982.
Formats: Reprints
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 380
Collection Name: Marvin A. Norcross Papers
Earliest Date: 1966
Latest Date: 2007
Bulk Dates: 1966-1996
Linear Feet: 10
Collection Description: The Marvin A. Norcross Papers relate to food safety and food residues, including integrating the concept of risk assessment into food production and processing. There are manuscripts for talks (including slides), publication, and awards. There is also all research data associated with his Ph.D. these titled "An Immunological Study of the Localization of Certain Chemical Carcinogens in Rat Tissue" and includes black and white photographs of dissections, camera slides, and microscope slides.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Born in Tansboro, New Jersey, Marvin A. Norcross (1931-2007) attended Rutgers University and was the recipient of a Veterinary Medical degree (1959) and Ph.D. degree in Pathology (1966) from the University of Pennsylvania. He joined Merck, Sharpe and Dome, initially as a veterinary pathologist and later he was responsible for all developmental studies leading to new animal health products and related claims in the United States. Norcross moved to Rockville in 1975 and became director of the Division of Veterinary Medical Research with the Center for Veterinary Medicine, Food and Drug Administration (1975-1978). After several positions at the Food and Drug Administration, Norcross moved to the Science and Technology Program, Food Safety and Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture (1982-1994). There, in various positions, he was responsible for the overall planning, coordination, direction, and evaluation of the field laboratories and scientific development programs, and provided advice and recommendations regarding the development of overall missions, goals, and policies regarding scientific and technical initiatives in the FSIS. From 1994-1996, Norcross served as the first full-time United States Coordinator for Codex Alimentarius, an inter-governmental body jointly established in 1963 by the Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Health Organization, to coordinate international food safety and quality standards. He retired in 1996.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 437
Collection Name: Food Processing Abstracts
Earliest Date: 1963
Latest Date: 1969
Linear Feet: 11
Collection Description: The Food Processing Abstracts were available on a subscription basis from Lowry-Cocroft Abstracts based in Evanston, Illinois. Each week subscribers received abstracts, alphabetized and numbered in order, coded by a classification system. The code numbers appeared on the lower right hand corner of each card. The classification system had three divisions: Processing Fields, Type of Food Processed, and Kind of Information Included. Processing Fields subjects consisted of pasteurization, heat sterilization, freezing, dehyrofreezing, dehydration and concentration, freeze drying, preservation with chemicals (including salt), fermentations (excluding alcoholic beverages, separation and refining, irradiation, enzyme treatment, packing, packaging, cooking and baking, and organoleptic analysis. Types of Food Processed subjects were vegetables, fruit and fruit products, meat, poultry, fish and shellfish, eggs, dairy products, cereals and soy beans, starch, sugar and confections, beverages, oils and fats, spices and flavorings, prepared foods, diet foods, other foods, and baked goods. The differentiation by kind of information covered field included patent, legal, quality control, microbiology, time and temperature processing, equipment, storage, flavor, texture, color, nutritive value, antioxidants, emulsifiers and stabilizers, other additives, composition and analysis, and consumer preference. Information was retrieved by use of a sorting needle. For instance, if it was desired to obtain all the articles on the subject of freeze drying, the needle was inserted in hold 23 and the desired cards, on which this number was notched, dropped out. If only the articles on freeze drying of meat products were desired, a second use of the needle in hole 49 of the separated cards isolated those. Again if it was desired to refer only to patents on freeze drying of meat, a third use of the needles in hold 29 segregated those.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 438
Collection Name: Gas Chromatography Abstracts
Earliest Date: 1965
Latest Date: 1969
Linear Feet: 10
Collection Description: The Gas Chromatography Abstracts were produced by Preston Technical Abstracts Company in Evanston, Illinois. Subject classification consisted of Apparatus, Theory and Review Articles, Applications, and Special Techniques.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 441
Collection Name: CPC Catalog
Linear Feet: 600
Collection Description: (CPC is the name listed on the card catalog - do not known full name.) The CPC card catalog contains bibliographic citations for plants and soils, mostly articles, and the cards mostly carry the NAL cataloging system numbers. The cards are filed alphabetically by last name of author and by type of crop. Includes early horticultural literature from 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries. There are both American and foreign citations. Additions to the catalog may have ceased in the 1940s.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: Cards may have originated in the Division of Fruit and Vegetable Crops and Diseases, Bureau of Plant Industry.
Digitization Status: None

Collection Number: 451
Collection Name: Publication Board Documents Collection
Earliest Date: 1940
Latest Date: 1945
Linear Feet: 1.25
Collection Description: The collection consists of 119 documents or photocopies of documents released by the Publication Board. Most documents are technical reports captured from the Axis countries during World War II, or reports on Allied defense-related topics. These documents were classified during the War, and released from classification by the Board after the war. Specific topics are varied but generally about chemical or industrial processes of strategic importance in Germany or the U.S., some agriculture-related. Documents are in English or in German.
Historical or Biographical Sketch: The Publication Board was established by the president in 1945 under the United States Department of Commerce on the advice of Ralph Shaw, librarian of the USDA library. The purpose of the Board was to declassify and make available technical information obtained through war research performed by the Allies or performed in and captured from the Axis countries. (Source: The Birth of Information Science (digitized edition of "From Documentation to Information Science" by Irene S. Farkas-Conn))
Digitization Status: None

Last Modified : April 6, 2018

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