Water Quality Trading

Scientists obtaining water samples.

USDA. NAL. Water and Agriculture Information Center.

A guide to literature on the data and modeling requirements for environmental credit trading; 105 citations from a number of topical indexes. A dynamic version on the same page searches the NAL catalog (AGRICOLA) for the most recent article and book citations.

North Carolina Department of Water Quality.

Describes a strategy, including nutrient trading, to reduce basin nutients to the Tar-Pamlico estuary in North Carolina.

Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection.

Gives an overview of Connecticut's efforts to implement its nitrogen credit exchange strategy. Includes TMDL materials on baselines, permitting, etc. and annual credit exchange reports.

University of Minnesota. Magrath Library and Department of Applied Economics.

Search for articles on environmental credit trading in this full text collection of scholarly research including working papers, conference papers, and journal articles. For example, find "Nitrogen Sources and Gulf Hypoxia: Potential for Point-Nonpoint Trading."

EPA. National Center for Environmental Economics.

"This paper provides a systematic overview of water quality trading in the U.S. The primary source of information for this overview is a detailed database, collected and compiled by a team of researchers at Dartmouth College. This paper divides the trading programs discussed in the database into four categories: on-going offset/trading programs, one-time offset agreements, state and regional trading policies, and other projects and recent proposals that involve trading."

National Association of Conservation Districts.

"Offers insights on market-based engagement opportunities for conservation districts, Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) field staff and other interested conservation practitioners..Market-based strategies for water quality offer great potential to help improve water quality in both urban and rural settings."

EPA. Office of Wetlands, Oceans, and Watersheds.

Provides an "analytical framework to assess the conditions and water quality problems in any specific watershed and determine whether water quality trading could be effectively used to meet [the] water quality standards"