An official website of the United States government.

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you've safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Detection of Cyclobutanones in Non-Irradiated Food


<p>Literature review: Literature review describing the chemistry of 2-ACB formation in irradiated foods along with an overview of the analytical methods currently available for the determination of 2-ACBs. The performance characteristics, including cost and practical use, of the available methods were compared.</p>

<p>Compare analytical approaches for the detection of 2-ACBs: The detection and quantification limits of each of the analytical approaches investigated (GC-MS, LC-MS/MS with and without derivatisation) were compared. This considered the cost and practical application of the methods. The most sensitive method was identified.</p>

<p>Model studies: Studies were carried out by treating samples of palmitic acid, glyceryl tripalmitate and 1,3-dipalmitoyl-2-oleoylglycerol with non-irradiation based food processing techniques. They were heated for various times at different temperatures in the presence and absence of oxygen, light, and redox active metal salts. They were also heated in a microwave oven, frozen and then defrosted in the microwave oven and heated to different temperatures in a pressure cooker. The processed fats were extracted, derivatised and analysed by LC-MS/MS.</p>

More information

<p>Background: Food irradiation is a processing technique that exposes food to high energy ionising radiation to improve shelf life and/or food quality. To support enforcement of legislation there is a need for reliable analytical methods capable of detecting marker compounds that are specific to the irradiation process, such as the 2-alkylcyclobutanones (2-ACBs).</p>

<p>Several methods to detect irradiation are available and for fatty foods the standardised European Committee for Standardization (CEN) method EN1785 is based on measurement of 2-ACBs that are produced by the irradiation of lipids. There have been advances in analytical techniques and new methods of isolating and detecting 2-ACBs are available.</p>

<p>Improvements to method EN1785 are required to lower detection limits of 2-ACBs. This will aid in an investigation into whether 2-ACBs can be detected in non-irradiated food or in food processed by means other than irradiation.</p>

<p>Improvements could also widen the scope of the method and permit detection of the use of irradiated ingredients in composite foods, where lower detection limits will be required.</p>

<p>Conversely, lowering of the limit of detection would increase the need to confirm the absence of 2-ACBs in foods that have not been irradiated and possibly derive a threshold value to distinguish irradiated from non-irradiated foods. </p>

FERA - Food and Environment Research Agency
Start date
End date
Funding Source
Project number