Honeybee hive (Copyright IStock).Apiculture - the maintenance of honeybees and hives - provides farmers and hobbyists with a variety of enterprises including production of beeswax, honey and other edible bee products; crop pollination services and sale of bees to other beekeepers.


Four USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) bee research laboratories provide access to subject experts, research projects, scientific articles and publications, news, and software.

USDA. Agricultural Research Service.

The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) works to "to enhance overall honey bee health and improve bee management practices by studying honey bee diseases and parasites and how best to control them, as well as basic honey bee biology and genetics."  In addition to ARS News and ARS Research, this website includes information on honey bee health issues, recommendations about Colony Collapse Disorder for beekeepers and the public, and recent scientific publications on honey bees.

U.S. Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Research Service.

"The honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) is not native to the Western Hemisphere....Information available indicates that colonies of honeybees were shipped from England and landed in the Colony of Virginia early in 1622..." (Everett Oertel.  In: Agriculture Handbook 335. August 1967)

Agricultural Marketing Resource Center.

This overview and profile of the beekeeping industry covers production and demand, export and import statistics, government regulations, and trends in farming. Identifies and links to resources that address production and marketing.


University Extension experts and other experienced bee experts provide information on "sustainable, bee health management practices" in order "to secure continued pollination of natural and agricultural plant communities." Topics cover honey bee health, beekeeping techniques, current research and native bees. Features webinars, videos, FAQs, and an Ask an Expert service.


University Extension experts and other experienced bee experts provide information on the basics of beekeeping. Topics cover acquiring bees and starting a colony; bee colonies; best management practices for beekeepers and growers; honey bee health; queen making and requeening; producing honey; preparing for winter; and more.

USDA. Farm Service Agency.

Describes the Farm Service Agency's Conservation Reserve Program. Links to research, conservation programs, pollinator information and Web sites, training, and the Bee Informed Partnership.

USDA. Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Describes "simple, inexpensive ways" to increase the number of native bees on farmland for crop pollination. "Improvements to pollinator habitat may be eligible for financial support from government programs."