Dioxins, Furans and PCBs

World Health Organization.

Identifies key facts about dioxins including the sources of dioxin contamination and incidents, its effect on human health and the prevention and control of dioxin exposure. Also answers questions on what consumers should do to reduce their risk of exposure and the methods behind identifying and measuring dioxins in the environment and in food.

NIH. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.

Reviews the chemical composition and health issues associated with dioxins. Provides further resources that describe how this agency is addressing the issue.

The Chlorine Chemistry Division of the American Chemistry Council.

Defines dioxin and identifies the issues surrounding exposure to the contaminant. Also contains information on the regulation and voluntary efforts to reduce dioxin exposure to the environment.

Canadian Ministry of Health. Health Canada's Management of Toxic Substances Division.

Toxic chemicals, known as dioxins and furans, can be found in the environment and in some food. The health effects of dioxins and furans, dietary exposure to dioxins and furans, minimizing your risk and the government of Canada's role are topics discussed.

Green Facts: Dioxins and Furans  ( pdf | 196.65 KB )

Ontario Ministry of the Environment.

Discusses the toxicity of dioxin compounds, its production process and its effects on animals and humans. Reviews the tolerable level of exposure to the compound as well as the methods that are utilized to reduce dioxin and furan exposure.

DHHS. FDA. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

Furan is a chemical contaminant that forms in some foods during traditional heat treatment techniques, such as cooking, jarring, and canning. FDA has developed a method for quantitative furan measurements, surveyed furan levels in food, and conducted toxicology studies of furan in rodents.

USDA Food Safety Inspection Service.

Lists dioxin resources such as data collection and reports, general and scientific information and guidance documents about dioxin in livestock, poultry, and eggs.

EPA. National Center for Environmental Assessment

Identifies the history of studies conducted on dioxin and links to other resources that concentrate on the reanalysis of dioxin toxicity.

DHHS. FDA. Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.

Analyzes the exposure levels of dioxin and estimates the exposure levels of these contaminants that can lead to adverse health effects. Foods collected were assessed under total diet study and non-total diet study.

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